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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635581/first-report-on-the-successful-hybridization-of-pangasianodon-hypophthalmus-sauvage-1878-and-clarias-gariepinus-burchell-1822
#1
V T Okomoda, I C C Koh, M S Shahreza
Breeding and larval performance of novel hybrids from reciprocal crosses of Asian catfish Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (Sauvage, 1878) and African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) were investigated in this study. Spawning was by hormonal injection of brood fish, artificial fertilization, and incubation in triplicate aquarium tanks (0.5 × 0.5 × 0.5 m3) with continuous aeration. Reciprocal crosses (♀C. gariepinus × ♂P. hypophthalmus and ♀P. hypophthalmus × ♂C. gariepinus) had lower hatchability (≤50%) than their pure siblings (≥75%)...
June 21, 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631588/spawning-performance-of-clarias-gariepinus-burchell-1822-induced-with-ethanol-preserved-and-fresh-catfish-pituitary-extract
#2
V T Okomoda, L O Tiamiyu, D Kwaghger
This study was conducted to determine the efficacy of preserved and fresh pituitary extract of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) to induced spawning in the same species. Growth performance of fry was also monitored for 15 days to determine the possible effect of natural hormone treatment on the fry. Pituitary glands (PG) were obtained from 12 male broodstocks, six extracted PG were preserved in 96% ethanol 24 h before injection, while the other were extracted and used in their fresh state. The PG solutions (1 g ml-1 of saline water) were injected at 1 ml kg-1 of the female broodstock...
June 20, 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577421/season-dependent-effects-of-photoperiod-and-temperature-on-circadian-rhythm-of-arylalkylamine-n-acetyltransferase2-gene-expression-in-pineal-organ-of-an-air-breathing-catfish-clarias-gariepinus
#3
Kshetrimayum Manisana Singh, Saurav Saha, Braj Bansh Prasad Gupta
Arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase (AANAT) activity, aanat gene expression and melatonin production have been reported to exhibit prominent circadian rhythm in the pineal organ of most species of fish. Three types of aanat genes are expressed in fish, but the fish pineal organ predominantly expresses aanat2 gene. Increase and decrease in daylength is invariably associated with increase and decrease in temperature, respectively. But so far no attempt has been made to delineate the role of photoperiod and temperature in regulation of the circadian rhythm of aanat2 gene expression in the pineal organ of any fish with special reference to seasons...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554489/hepatoprotective-efficacy-of-spirulina-platensis-against-lead-induced-oxidative-stress-and-genotoxicity-in-catfish-clarias-gariepinus
#4
Alaa El-Din H Sayed, Yasser S El-Sayed, Ali H El-Far
Lead (Pb) is a toxic environmental pollutant that induces a broad range of biochemical and physiological hazards in living organisms. We investigated the possible hepatoprotective effects of Spirulina platensis (SP) in counteracting the Pb-induced oxidative damage. Ninety-six adult African catfish were allocated into four equal groups. The 1st group (control) fed basal diet while the 2nd group (Pb-treated) fed on basal diet and exposed to 1mg Pb(NO3)2/L. The 3rd and 4th groups fed SP-supplemented basal diets at levels of 0...
May 27, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536798/pollutants-induced-oxidative-stress-dna-damage-and-cellular-deformities-in-clarias-gariepinus-burchell-from-river-yamuna-in-delhi-region-india
#5
Anil K Tyor, Kanika Pahwa
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the severity of pollution impact at two extreme sites of river Yamuna in Delhi region utilizing oxidative stress, genotoxic and histopathological biomarkers in gonad (ovary) of Clarias gariepinus. To evaluate oxidative stress, TBAR's and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay were employed while comet assay and classic histology were used to estimate genotoxicity and cellular damage respectively. The results indicated significant increase (p < 0...
May 23, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527047/dietary-ascorbic-acid-reduced-micronucleus-and-nuclear-abnormalities-in-clarias-gariepinus-burchell-1822-exposed-to-hospital-effluent
#6
Chibuisi G Alimba, Raphael D Ajiboye, Olakunle S Fagbenro
Hospital effluents contain myriad of mutagens and genotoxins capable of increasing DNA damage in aquatic biota. African mudfish, Clarias gariepinus, are exposed to genotoxins when cultured in swamps and derelict water bodies often contaminated by effluents. Moreover, its DNA is susceptible to xenobiotic-induced lesions since it lacks L-gulonolactone oxidase and hence cannot synthesize L-ascorbic acid. This study investigated 96-h acute toxicity and protective effects of dietary ascorbic acid (AA) against micronucleus (MN) and abnormal nuclear (NAs) formation in C...
May 19, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503260/dynamics-of-hexavalent-chromium-in-four-types-of-aquaculture-ponds-and-its-effects-on-the-morphology-and-behavior-of-cultured-clarias-gariepinus-burchell-1822
#7
Moshood Keke Mustapha
Hexavalent chromium is a bio accumulative toxic metal in water and fish. It enters aquaculture ponds mainly through anthropogenic sources. Hexavalent chromium concentrations and its effects on the morphology and behavior of Clarias gariepinus were investigated from four aquaculture ponds for 12 weeks. Chromium was measured using diphenyl carbohdrazide method; alkalinity and hardness were measured using colometric method and analyzed with Bench Photometer. Temperature and pH were measured using pH/EC/TDS/Temp combined tester...
April 2017: Toxicological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497648/intrahepatic-cholangiojejunostomy-for-complex-biliary-stenosis-after-pediatric-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#8
Fernando A Alvarez, Rodrigo Sanchez Claria, Juan Glinka, Martin de Santibañes, Juan Pekolj, Eduardo de Santibañes, Miguel A Ciardullo
The treatment of biliary stenosis after pediatric LDLT is challenging. We describe an innovative technique of peripheral IHCJ for the treatment of patients with complex biliary stenosis after pediatric LDLT in whom percutaneous treatment failed. During surgery, the percutaneous biliary drainage is removed and a flexible metal stylet is introduced trough the tract. Subsequently, the most superficial aspect of the biliary tree is recognized by palpation of the stylet's round tip in the liver surface. The liver parenchyma is then transected until the bile duct is reached...
May 12, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484803/a-multivariate-analysis-of-metal-concentrations-in-two-fish-species-of-the-nyl-river-system-limpopo-province-south-africa
#9
R Musa, R Gerber, R Greenfield
Increased toxicity due to high metal concentrations may hinder the ecological integrity of aquatic ecosystems in sustaining life. The non-biodegradable nature of metals may result in bioaccumulation in aquatic organisms. Due to ecological and social aspects it is imperative for monitoring schemes to identify possible impacts to the systems integrity. This paper discusses accumulation patterns of seven metals (Al, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Sr and Zn) in tissues of two fish species, namely Clarias gariepinus and Oreochromis mossambicus at two selected sites, the first located upstream of Modimolle (NRS1), and the second located downstream of the town (NRS2)...
June 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466449/distribution-characterization-and-human-health-risk-assessment-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-in-ovia-river-southern-nigeria
#10
Isioma Tongo, Lawrence Ezemonye, Kingsley Akpeh
The levels and distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in surface water, sediment, and fish (Clarias gariepinus) samples from Ovia River, Southern Nigeria, were evaluated, to assess the contamination profile, dietary intake, and human health risks associated with exposure. Results showed that naphthalene, acenaphthylene, and fluoranthene were the most dominant contaminant in water, sediment, and fish, respectively, with mean concentrations (μg/L) of 3.08, 45.4, and 90.7. Spatial distribution showed high occurrence of PAHs in Ekenwan, the downstream station, for all the matrices...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431974/unique-mitochondrial-localization-of-arginase-1-and-2-in-hepatocytes-of-air-breathing-walking-catfish-clarias-batrachus-and-their-differential-expression-patterns-under-hyper-ammonia-stress
#11
Bodhisattwa Banerjee, Debaprasad Koner, Priyanka Lal, Nirmalendu Saha
Arginase (ARG) catalyzes the final step of ornithine-urea cycle (OUC) leading to a conversion of L-arginine to L-ornithine and urea. Several isoforms of ARG have been reported in vertebrates, out of which the two predominant isoforms are the cytosolic ARG1 and the mitochondrial ARG2. The air-breathing walking catfish (Clarias batrachus) is frequently being challenged by different environmental insults such as hyper-ammonia, dehydration and osmotic stresses in their natural habitats throughout the year. The present study investigated the active presence of ARG1 and ARG2 isoforms in hepatocytes along with unique localization of both the isoforms inside the mitochondria, and also their specific expression patterns under hyper-ammonia stress (5mM NH4Cl) in isolated hepatocytes of walking catfish...
July 30, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341541/pro-resolving-actions-of-spm-in-adipose-tissue-biology
#12
REVIEW
Joan Clària, Cristina López-Vicario, Bibiana Rius, Esther Titos
White adipose tissue plays an important endocrine role in balancing metabolic homeostasis. During conditions of nutrient excess, as occurs in obesity, there is an expansion of adipose tissue mass associated with a state of "low-grade" inflammation in this tissue. This chronic, unresolved inflammation of adipose tissue is deleterious and leads to many pathological sequelae associated with obesity including insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Recently, a novel genus of anti-inflammatory and pro-resolving lipid mediators endogenously generated from membrane phospholipid-derived polyunsaturated fatty acids has been identified during the resolution phase of acute inflammation...
March 24, 2017: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322767/cloning-localization-and-differential-expression-of-neuropeptide-y-during-early-brain-development-and-gonadal-recrudescence-in-the-catfish-clarias-gariepinus
#13
Cheni-Chery Sudhakumari, Arumugam Anitha, Raju Murugananthkumar, Dinesh Kumar Tiwari, Dharavath Bhasker, Balasubramanian Senthilkumaran, Aparna Dutta Gupta
Neuropeptide-Y (NPY) has diverse physiological functions which are extensively studied in vertebrates. However, regulatory role of NPY in relation to brain ontogeny and recrudescence with reference to reproduction is less understood in fish. Present report for the first time evaluated the significance of NPY by transient esiRNA silencing and also analyzed its expression during brain development and gonadal recrudescence in the catfish, Clarias gariepinus. As a first step, full-length cDNA of NPY was cloned from adult catfish brain, which shared high homology with its counterparts from other teleosts upon phylogenetic analysis...
March 17, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285354/endocrine-disruption-oxidative-stress-and-testicular-damage-induced-by-4-nonylphenol-in-clarias-gariepinus-the-protective-role-of-cydonia-oblonga
#14
Alaa El-Din H Sayed, Rania F K Ismail
Exposure to xenoestrogens like 4-nonylphenol (NP) is recognized by disrupting endocrine functions and causes reproductive dysfunction in male fish. The present study aimed at investigating the 4-nonylphenol propensity to induce oxidative stress and hormonal disturbances in male catfish and at studying the protective role of quince (Cydonia oblonga). To fulfill this aim, catfish Clarias gariepinus were exposed to pure 100 μg/L 4-NP and to quince the leaf extract added to 4-NP, both for 15 days. The 4-NP exposure induced a marked increase in 17ß-estradiol (E2), LH, and cortisol, while thyroid hormone (TSH, T3), testosterone (T), and FSH levels noticeably decreased; however, 4-NP had no effect on T4 level...
March 11, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265363/comparison-of-proximate-composition-and-sensory-attributes-of-clariid-catfish-species-of-clarias-gariepinus-heterobranchus-bidorsalis-and-their-hybrids
#15
Wasiu A Olaniyi, Olukayode A Makinde, Ofelia G Omitogun
Clariid catfish are favorite food fish especially in African and Asian continents. Recently there has been preference for particular species or hybrids of these species based on quality assurance and value addition. Consequently, this study aimed to evaluate the possible effect of different catfish species and their hybrids on proximate composition and sensory attributes. Catfish species, Clarias gariepinus (CC), Heterobranchus bidorsalis (HH), with their hybrid (CH), and reciprocal hybrid (HC) were evaluated for sensory variables - cognitive (sweet, salty, sour, bitter, and recent characteristic taste 'umami') and qualitative (texture, aroma, flavor, and color) tests; and nutritional variables - proximate composition (moisture, protein, ether/fat, and ash)...
March 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247501/temperature-preference-and-sex-differentiation-in-african-catfish-clarias-gariepinus
#16
Saïdou Santi, Carole Rougeot, Aboubacar Toguyeni, Vincent Gennotte, Ibrahima Kebe, Charles Melard
The African catfish Clarias gariepinus has a genetic sex determination system in which high temperature induces masculinization. The thermosensitive period for sex differentiation is short and occurs very early (from 6 to 8 days posthatching [dph]). As young juveniles can encounter high masculinizing temperature (36.5°C) in African water points, we aimed to determine the thermal preference of sexually undifferentiated juveniles and investigate if they spontaneously move toward high masculinizing temperature...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological Genetics and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247155/purification-and-development-of-elisas-for-two-forms-of-vitellogenin-in-indian-walking-catfish-clarias-batrachus-l
#17
S Mahapatra, Sk Kabita, D Bhattacharya, S Sarkar, S K Juin, S Maitra, P Nath
Two forms of vitellogenin (Vg: Vg1 and Vg2) were purified from the plasma of estradiol-17β (E2)-treated Indian walking catfish, Clarias batrachus, by gel filtration and adsorption chromatography. Native Vg1 and Vg2 had apparent molecular masses of 375 and 450 kDa, respectively, and both Vgs resolved into two similar major bands (95 and 67 kDa) in SDS-PAGE under reducing condition. Polyclonal antisera raised against each form of Vg were absorbed with a combination of hypophysectomized male catfish serum proteins and alternate Vg to ensure specificity...
February 28, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239492/performance-of-clarias-gariepinus-fed-dried-brewer-s-yeast-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-slurry-in-replacement-for-soybean-meal
#18
Shola Gabriel Solomon, Gabriel Arome Ataguba, Gabriel Enemona Itodo
Following disparity of earlier results, this study tested the performance of African catfish Clarias gariepinus fed dried brewer's yeast slurry meal (DBYM) based diets. Fingerlings of C. gariepinus with pooled mean initial weight of 1.58 ± 0.01 g were stocked in hapas (1 m × 1 m × 1 m) immersed in an earthen pond at a density of 15 fish per cage. Five diets with increasing substitution of soybean meal with 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% of dried brewer's yeast and a control without dried brewer's yeast (0% substitution) were evaluated for 8 weeks...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221854/effects-of-fish-derived-biological-preservatives-on-cold-storage-of-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idellus-fillets
#19
Tingting Li, Yang Jiang, Gaowei Jin, Qiancheng Zhao, Jianrong Li
Two kinds of fish-derived natural antimicrobial substances, protamine and catfish ( Clarias fuscus ) epidermal mucus extract (CEME), were evaluated for their effect on the quality of grass carp fillets. Fillets were atmosphere packaged in cast polypropylene bags and were stored at 4°C in a low-temperature incubator without light. Solutions (0.5%, wt/vol) of CEME and protamine were used for dip pretreatment, respectively. Bacteriological (aerobic plate count, Shewanella putrefaciens , Pseudomonas fluorescens ) and physicochemical (pH, total volatile basic nitrogen, K value, surface color, texture profiles, water distribution) parameters and volatile odor compounds were measured on days 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15...
October 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181037/de-novo-transcriptome-characterization-and-growth-related-gene-expression-profiling-of-diploid-and-triploid-bighead-catfish-clarias-macrocephalus-g%C3%A3-nther-1864
#20
Satid Chatchaiphan, Prapansak Srisapoome, Jin-Hyoung Kim, Robert H Devlin, Uthairat Na-Nakorn
To enhance understanding of triploid gene expression, the transcriptome information from bighead catfish (Clarias macrocephalus Günther, 1864) was studied using the paired-end Illumina HiSeq™ 2000 sequencing platform. In total, 68,227,832 raw reads were generated from liver tissues and 53,149 unigenes were assembled, with an average length of 765 bp and N50 length of 1283 bp. Of these unigenes, 33,428 (62.89%) could be annotated according to their homology with matches in the NCBI non-redundant (Nr), NCBI nucleotide (Nt), Swiss-Prot, Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COG), gene ontology (GO), or Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) databases...
February 2017: Marine Biotechnology
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