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C Laldinsangi, B Senthilkumaran
C-kit receptor is a member of a family of growth factor receptors that have tyrosine kinase activity, and are involved in the transduction of growth regulatory signals across plasma membrane by activation of its ligand, kitl/scf. The present study analysed mRNA and protein expression profiles of c-kit in the gonads of catfish, Clarias gariepinus, using real time PCR, in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Tissue distribution analysis revealed higher expression mainly in the catfish gonads. Ontogeny studies showed minimal expression during early developmental stages and highest during 50-75 days post hatch, and the dimorphic expression in gonads decreased gradually till adulthood, which might suggest an important role for this gene around later stages of sex differentiation and gonadal development...
April 3, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Matias E Czerwonko, Juan Pekolj, Pedro Uad, Oscar Mazza, Rodrigo Sanchez-Claria, Guillermo Arbues, Eduardo de Santibañes, Martín de Santibañes, Martín Palavecino
INTRODUCTION: In laparoscopic transcystic common bile duct exploration (LTCBDE), the risk of acute pancreatitis (AP) is well recognized. The present study assesses the incidence, risk factors, and clinical impact of AP in patients with choledocholithiasis treated with LTCBDE. METHODS: A retrospective database was completed including patients who underwent LTCBDE between 2007 and 2017. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed by logistic regression. RESULTS: After exclusion criteria, 447 patients were identified...
April 3, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
Aritz Lopategi, Roger Flores-Costa, Bibiana Rius, Cristina López-Vicario, José Alcaraz-Quiles, Esther Titos, Joan Clària
The prototypic proinflammatory cytokine IL-1β plays a central role in innate immunity and inflammatory disorders. The formation of mature IL-1β from an inactive pro-IL-1β precursor is produced via nonconventional multiprotein complexes called the inflammasomes, of which the most common is the nucleotide-binding domain leucine-rich repeat-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome composed by NLRP3, (ASC) apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase activation and recruitment domain (CARD), and caspase-1...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Priyadarshini Singh Nee Priyadarshini, Bechan Lal
The present study demonstrates seasonal variation in the cellular expression of neuropeptide Y (NPY), a known orexigenic neuropeptide, in the testis of the catfish, Clarias batrachus and its relation with testicular steroids. In vitro effects of NPY on androgen production and activities of steroidogenic enzymes were also analyzed to reaffirm the relation between NPY and steroids. NPY-immunoprecipitation was observed in Sertoli cells, interstitial cells and germ cells in recrudescing testis. Intensity of NPY-immunoreaction in the interstitial cells increased steadily with initiation of spermatogenesis and reached maximal in fully grown testes, and then decreased suddenly in the spermiating/spent testis...
March 13, 2018: Peptides
Debika Datta, Preeti Khatri, Ambika Singh, Dhira Rani Saha, Gaurav Verma, Rajagopal Raman, Shibnath Mazumder
Mycobacterium fortuitum is a natural fish pathogen. It induces apoptosis in headkidney macrophages (HKM) of catfish, Clarias sp though the mechanism remains largely unknown. We observed M. fortuitum triggers calcium (Ca2+ ) insult in the sub-cellular compartments which elicits pro-apototic ER-stress factor CHOP. Alleviating ER-stress inhibited CHOP and attenuated HKM apoptosis implicating ER-stress in the pathogenesis of M. fortuitum . ER-stress promoted calpain activation and silencing the protease inhibited caspase-12 activation...
December 2018: Cell Death Discovery
Mahua G Choudhury, Suman Kumari, Kuheli B Das, Nirmalendu Saha
The magur catfish (Clarias magur) is a facultative air-breather and regularly encounters with various environmental changes along with exposure to various bacterial pathogens in its natural habitats. Occurrence of various biochemical adaptational strategies related to nitrogen metabolism in magur catfish is already known. The present investigation aimed at determining the possible induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (inos) gene and stimulation of nitric oxide (NO) production in this catfish while challenging with lipopolysaccharide (LPS, a bacterial endotoxin) treatment, and also to determine the involvement of nuclear factor kappa B (NFkB) in induction of inos gene...
March 7, 2018: Gene
J Das Neves, I E J Barnhoorn, G M Wagenaar
The organochlorine pesticides aldrin (0.14 μg/L) and methoxychlor (0.23 μg/L) were both present in the Albasini Dam, Limpopo Province, South Africa, during a field survey in 2014. The use of aldrin has been banned in the USA since 1987 and restricted in South Africa since 1992. The use of methoxychlor, however, remains undefined with little information available about its registration in South Africa despite being banned in Europe (2002) and USA (2003). The aim of this study was to determine the potential effects of environmentally relevant concentrations of aldrin and methoxychlor on the reproductive system of male catfish, Clarias gariepinus...
March 9, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Vipin Kumar Verma, Kumari Vandana Rani, Shiva Raj Kumar, Om Prakash
The laboratory acclimatized Clarias gariepinus (80 ± 10 g) were divided into six groups and five subgroups each containing 10 fish. A fish feed was reconstituted by adding 33% powder of Leucaena leucocephala seed in place of fish trash. Group B, C and E were fed on reconstituted feed and group A, D and F were fed on artificial feed containing animal protein for 7 days prior to start of experiments. Then Group B was challenged with BSA while other groups were challenged with Vibrio harveyi (Group C, D) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Group E, F)...
March 5, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Mahmoud Abd-Elkareem, Nasser S Abou Khalil, Alaa H Sayed
4-Nonylphenol (NP) toxicity in fish attracts much attention due to its ability in targeting several organs; however, the researches regarding its potential hepatotoxicity are conflicting and still require further investigation. Therefore, the objective of this study is to focus on this issue from the histophysiological point of view using NP intoxicated African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) as a model of hepatotoxicity. Twelve adult fish (6 per group) were divided into two groups; the first was considered as a control and the second was exposed to NP dissolved in water at a dose of 0...
March 7, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Martín de Santibañes, Juan Glinka, Pablo Pelegrini, Fernando A Alvarez, Cristina Elizondo, Diego Giunta, Laura Barcan, Lionel Simoncini, Nora Cáceres Dominguez, Victoria Ardiles, Oscar Mazza, Rodrigo Sanchez Claria, Eduardo de Santibañes, Juan Pekolj
BACKGROUND: Acute calculous cholecystitis (ACC) is the most common complication of cholelithiasis. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the gold standard treatment in mild and moderate forms. Currently there is consensus for the use of antibiotics in the preoperative phase of ACC. However, the need for antibiotic therapy after surgery remains undefined with a low level of scientific evidence. METHODS: The CHART (Cholecystectomy Antibiotic Randomised Trial) study is a single-center, prospective, double blind, and randomized trial...
March 2, 2018: Surgery
Anil K Tyor, Kanika Pahwa
River Yamuna is under constant menace due to pollution levels beyond limit, ensuing chronic poisoning of aquatic biota. Induction of oxidative stress and cellular deformities is a common effect in fish. The present study aimed in assessing impact of environmental pollutants on gonad (testis) of Clarias gariepinus from Wazirabad barrage (entry site) and Okhla barrage (exit site) of river Yamuna in Delhi segment. Antioxidant enzymes assays viz. Super oxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP); thiobarbituric acid reactive substance assay (TBARS) for determining level of lipid peroxidation and histology for analysis of degenerative changes were employed as biomarkers...
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Tosin Victor Okomoda, Ivan Chu Chong Koh, Anuar Hassan, Thumronk Amornsakun, Sherif Md Shahreza
Twenty-five traditional and thirty-four geometric morphometric comparisons were carried out on pure and reciprocal crosses of Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (Sauvage, 1878) and Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822). Thirty fish samples each of the C. gariepinus (CH), P. hypophthalmus (PH), Pangapinus (♀PH × ♂CG) and the two distinct morphotypes of the Clariothalmus (♀CG × ♂PH) (Clarias-like and Panga-like) between the ages of four and six months were used for this study. Phenotypically, the Clarias-like Clariothalmus and the Pangapinus progenies were indistinguishable from their maternal parents while the Panga-like Clariothalmus was a phenotypic intermediary of the putative parents but looks more closely to the paternal parent...
February 28, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ramasamy Harikrishnan, Sundaram Jawahar, Subramanian Thamizharasan, Bilal Ahmad Paray, Mohammad K Al-Sadoon, Chellam Balasundaram
This study investigates the effect of emodin enriched diet on growth, hematology, and immune response in walking catfish, Clarias batrachus against Aeromonas hydrophila. The basal (control) diet supplemented with emodin at 0.0, 0.1, 0.2, or 0.4 g kg-1 was fed to the experimental groups for a period of four weeks. Feeding infected fish with 0.2 g kg-1 and 0.4 g kg-1 emodin enriched diets resulted in an overall weight gain, enhanced PER and FCR when compared to other diets. The survival rates were 98...
February 21, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Wihan Pheiffer, Nico J Wolmarans, Ruan Gerber, Yared B Yohannes, Yoshinori Ikenaka, Mayumi Ishizuka, Nico J Smit, Victor Wepener, Rialet Pieters
Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in South Africa have for the most part been banned, except dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) which is still used as malaria vector control. The aim of this study was to determine OCP residues in the aquatic fauna of one of South Africa's most populated areas, Soweto. Risk to human health through OCP exposure via fish consumption was investigated. Clarias gariepinus was chosen as bioindicator because it is an apex predator that is in abundance, but is also a valued food source...
February 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Irshad Ahmad, Dhanashree D Jagtap, C Selvaa Kumar, Nafisa H Balasinor, A M Babitha Rani, Deepak Agarwal, Neelam Saharan
The inhibins are disulphide-linked heterodimeric glycoproteins that belong to the TGFβ superfamily. Inhibins have been well studied in mammals but the information about their structure and function is very limited in lower vertebrates. The aim of the present study was to characterize inhibin-A and to understand its receptor binding interaction, and to evaluate its biological function in Clarias batrachus. Structure prediction of inhibin-A revealed two glycosylation sites on inhibin-α (Asp262 and Asn334). Docking of inhibin-A with its receptor; betaglycan and Act RIIA showed that residues Ser321, Gly324 and Leu325 of inhibin-α are involved in high affinity binding with betaglycan while inhibin-βA bound to Act RIIA by forming hydrogen bonds...
February 10, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Cornelius Rimayi, David Odusanya, Jana M Weiss, Jacob de Boer, Luke Chimuka
A quantitative assessment of pollutants of emerging concern in the Hartbeespoort Dam catchment area was conducted using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to establish the occurrence, source and distribution of 15 environmental pollutants, including 10 pharmaceuticals, 1 pesticide and 4 steroid hormones. Seasonal sampling was conducted in the Hartbeespoort Lake using sub-surface grab sampling to determine the lake's ecological status and obtain data for establishment of progressive operational monitoring...
February 2, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Shola G Solomon, Victor T Okomoda, Obekpa Oguche
The nutritional value of raw Jack bean meal (Canavalia ensiformis) as a partial substitute for soybeans meal was investigated in this study. Preliminary investigation on nutrient composition revealed that lysine, histidine, and phenylalanine were significantly higher in C. ensiformis seed meal compared to soybean meal. However, crude protein and other essential amino acids were significantly lower. Feeding trial was then conducted to investigate the effect of replacing about 40% soybeans meal (at 58.8% inclusion) with C...
January 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
Ignacio Fuente, Marcos Gonzalez, Martin de Santibañes, Juan Pekolj, Oscar Mazza, Eduardo de Santibañes, Rodrigo Sanchez Claria
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 26, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
Roger Flores-Costa, José Alcaraz-Quiles, Esther Titos, Cristina López-Vicario, Mireia Casulleras, Marta Duran-Güell, Bibiana Rius, Alba Diaz, Katherine Hall, Courtney Shea, Renee Sarno, Mark Currie, Jaime L Masferrer, Joan Clària
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome and is characterized by steatosis, inflammation and fibrosis. Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) stimulation reduces inflammation and fibrosis in experimental models of lung, kidney and heart disease. Here, we tested whether sGC stimulation is also effective in experimental NASH. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: NASH was induced in mice by feeding a choline-deficient, l-amino acid-defined, high-fat diet...
March 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
Ramasamy Harikrishnan, Adil Naafar, Mohamed Saiyad Musthafa, Anis Ahamed, Ibrahim A Arif, Chellam Balasundaram
The purpose of the present study was to find out the effect of dietary enriched button mushroom, Agaricus bisporus at 1%, 5%, and 10% levels on growth performance, hematology, nonspecific immune responses, and disease resistance in catfish, Clarias gariepinus against Flavobacterium columnare for a period of four weeks. The percentage weight gain and specific growth rate (SGR) were higher in the infected fish fed with 5% A. bisporus enriched diet than with 1% and 10% diets. The red blood cell (RBC), white blood cell (WBC), hematocrit (PCV), and haemoglobin (Hb) values are similar (p > ...
February 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
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