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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045996/sicko-development-of-a-multi-disciplinary-training-concept-for-paediatric-oncology
#1
Petra Tiroke, Birte Sänger, Urs Mücke, Lea Berndt, Henrike Wittenbecher, Lorenz Grigull
Background Treating children with cancer requires multiple different skills. For the healthcare personnel (HCP) in Germany the practice of ongoing training to improve professional skills is almost non-existent. Therefore, we developed a programme called 'SICKO' to support HCPs skills and attitudes by means of a multidisciplinary workshop. Methods Following a qualitative analysis, we then designed a modular (3 day) workshop. During day one (8 h) participants learn practical skills, the fundamentals of chemotherapy, and effective communication skills...
October 18, 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045989/human-papillomavirus-vaccination-training-experience-among-family-medicine-residents-and-faculty
#2
Monica L Kasting, Courtney L Scherr, Karla N Ali, Paige Lake, Teri L Malo, Tracy Johns, Richard G Roetzheim, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Susan T Vadaparampil
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Residency training is a pivotal time to establish skills for career-long practices, particularly for challenging skills such as human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine recommendation. Training experience and preferences related to delivering HPV vaccine recommendations were examined for family medicine (FM) residents and faculty. METHODS: Residents (n=28) and faculty (n=19) were identified through a national FM residency directory and recruited from training programs in Florida...
October 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045194/testing-an-aac-system-that-transforms-pictograms-into-natural-language-with-persons-with-cerebral-palsy
#3
Joan Pahisa-Solé, Jordi Herrera-Joancomartí
In this paper, we describe a compansion system that transforms the telegraphic language that comes from the use of pictogram-based Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) into natural language. The system was tested with 4 participants with severe cerebral palsy and ranging degrees of linguistic competence and intellectual disabilities. Participants had used pictogram-based AAC at least for the past 30 years each and presented a stable linguistic profile. During tests, which consisted in a total of 40 sessions, participants were able to learn new linguistic skills, such as the use of basic verb tenses, while using the compansion system, which proved a source of motivation...
October 18, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044766/do-men-and-women-with-intellectual-disabilities-understand-death
#4
A Y M Chow, J McEvoy, I K N Chan, M Borschel, J H L Yuen, J Y M Lo
BACKGROUND: Individuals with ID are often withheld information about the death of their loved ones as it has often been thought that they do not understand death or cannot grieve. This grief exacerbates the stress of individuals with ID as they often encounter secondary losses such as transitioning to a care facility. The aim of this study is to investigate men and women with ID understanding death concepts and to what extent. METHOD: Adopting a stratified random sampling method, 156 Chinese people with ID were invited to join the study...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043879/use-of-an-objective-structured-clinical-exam-osce-for-early-identification-of-communication-skills-deficits-in-interns
#5
Mary Ellen J Goldhamer, Amy Cohen, Michelle Brooks, Eric A Macklin, John Patrick T Co, Debra Weinstein
INTRODUCTION: There is limited information about whether OSCE during GME orientation can identify trainee communication deficits before these become evident via clinical performance evaluations. METHODS: Ninety-seven interns matriculating to eight residency programs in six specialties at four hospitals participated in a nine-station communication skills OSCE. Ratings were based on the "Kalamazoo, adapted" communication skills checklist. Possible association with intern performance evaluations was assessed by repeated-measures logistic regression and ROC curves were generated...
October 18, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043855/predictors-of-receptive-and-expressive-vocabulary-development-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#6
Stijn R J M Deckers, Yvonne Van Zaalen, Hans Van Balkom, Ludo Verhoeven
PURPOSE: There is a lack of longitudinal data on predictors of vocabulary development in children with Down syndrome (DS). In typically developing children, many internal and external predictors of vocabulary development have been determined before. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of these variables in the receptive and expressive vocabulary development of children with DS. METHOD: The present study used a longitudinal design in young children with DS to study the vocabulary development over a period of 1...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042145/electronic-clinical-evaluation-exercise-e-cex-a-new-patient-centered-ehr-use-tool
#7
Maria Alcocer Alkureishi, Wei Wei Lee, Maureen Lyons, Kristen Wroblewski, Jeanne M Farnan, Vineet M Arora
INTRODUCTION: Electronic Health Record (EHR) use can enhance or weaken patient-provider communication. Despite EHR adoption, no validated tool exists to assess EHR communication skills. We aimed to develop and validate such a tool. METHODS: Electronic-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (e-CEX) is a 10-item-tool based on systematic literature review and pilot-testing. Second-year (MS2s) students participated in an EHR-use lecture and structured Clinical Examination (OSCE)...
October 10, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041781/nursing-students-perceptions-of-soft-skills-training-in-ghana
#8
Luke Laari, Barbara M Dube
BACKGROUND: The quality of nursing care rendered today is markedly reducing and the amount of time spent with patients listening to and explaining issues concerning their conditions is gradually diminishing. The therapeutic touch and the listening ear of the nurse are no longer accessible to the patient. Understanding what non-technical skills are and their relevance for healthcare practitioners has become a new area of consideration. Although recent literature has highlighted the necessity of introducing soft skills training and assessment within medical education, nursing education is yet to fully embrace this skills training...
September 22, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040615/exploring-cascading-effects-of-multimodal-communication-skills-in-infants-with-hearing-loss
#9
Megan Y Roberts, Lauren H Hampton
Infants and toddlers with hearing loss (HL) are at risk for developing communicative delays that can have a substantial lasting effect. Understanding child characteristics that may be targeted in early intervention is essential to maximizing communicative outcomes in children with HL. Among the most malleable predictors of communication skills include maternal responsivity, gestures, and vocalizations. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among maternal responsivity, prelinguistic communication skills and expressive vocabulary in children with HL...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040493/releasing-the-geni-integrating-authentic-microbial-genomics-research-into-the-classroom-through-geni-act
#10
Karobi Moitra
The integration of genomics research into the undergraduate biology curriculum provides students with the opportunity to become familiar with bioinformatics tools and answer original research questions. Our purpose with this research project was to upscale the research experience through integration with classroom experience giving students access to authentic research projects. Students annotated 60 predicted ABC genes of Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus and Methanobacterium sp. SWAN-1 and they were required to present a research poster to demonstrate their understanding of the project...
October 11, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039726/perceived-relevance-mediates-the-relationship-between-professional-identity-and-attitudes-towards-interprofessional-education-in-first-year-university-students
#11
L D Roberts, M C Davis, H G Radley-Crabb, M Broughton
The strength of health science students' identification with their chosen profession is associated with their attitudes towards interprofessional education (IPE). However, little is known about the factors that might mediate this relationship. In this article, we examine the relationships between professional identification, communication and teamwork skills, perceived relevance of IPE, and positive and negative attitudes towards IPE. A sample of 444 first-year university students from 25 health science professions enrolled in a first-year interprofessional program participated in this research by completing a questionnaire...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038830/a-distance-blended-learning-program-to-upgrade-the-clinical-competence-of-district-non-doctor-anesthesia-providers-in-nepal
#12
Shristi Shah, Stephen Knoble, Oliver Ross, Stephen Pickering
BACKGROUND: Across Nepal, anesthesia at a district level is provided mostly by non-doctor anesthesia providers (anesthesia assistants-AAs). Nepal's Government recognized the need to sustain competence with continuous professional development and to upgrade 6-month trained working AAs to professional equivalence with the new national standard of 12-month training. As they are essential district health workers and AA clinical training sites are full, an innovative distance blended learning, competency-based, upgrade 1-year course was developed and conducted in 2014-2017 for two batches...
October 16, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036489/training-community-health-workers-to-promote-breast-cancer-screening-in-brazil
#13
Lorna Bittencourt, Isabel C Scarinci
Although it has been show that early detection through mammograms is the most effective way to reduce breast cancer mortality, breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women worldwide with survival rates being even lower in low- and middle-income countries as compared to high-income countries. Despite the availability of breast cancer screening programs in Brazil through the public health system, some women do not participate in these programs due to structural and/or inter/intrapersonal barriers...
September 26, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035110/early-communicative-skills-of-children-with-klinefelter-syndrome
#14
Laura Zampini, Tiziana Burla, Gaia Silibello, Francesca Dall'Ara, Claudia Rigamonti, Faustina Lalatta, Paola Vizziello
Many studies reported the presence of language impairments in children and adolescents with Klinefelter syndrome (KS). However, the first stage of their language development has been scarcely studied. The present study aimed to describe the spontaneous communicative production of 18-month-old children with KS, in comparison with that of typically developing (TD) male peers, aiming to verify the existence of different early communicative skills in both vocal and gestural modality and to identify the presence of possible associations with their later vocabulary size...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034811/mental-illness-stigma-among-medical-students-and-teachers
#15
Miroslava Janoušková, Aneta Weissová, Tomáš Formánek, Jiří Pasz, Lucie Bankovská Motlová
BACKGROUND: Medical school curriculum contributes to future doctors' attitude formation towards people with mental illness. AIM: The purpose of this study was to compare stigmatizing attitudes between medical students and faculty, analyse stigmatizing attitudes among students from different years of study and identify factors predicting stigma. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with the use of scales measuring attitudes and social distance was designed...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034696/development-of-the-supported-employment-comprehensive-cognitive-enhancement-and-social-skills-program-for-adults-on-the-autism-spectrum-results-of-initial-study
#16
Mary J Baker-Ericzén, Meghan A Fitch, Mikaela Kinnear, Melissa M Jenkins, Elizabeth W Twamley, Linda Smith, Gabriel Montano, Joshua Feder, Pamela J Crooke, Michelle G Winner, Juan Leon
The population of adults on the autism spectrum continues to increase, and vocational outcomes are particularly poor. Longitudinal studies of adults with autism spectrum and without intellectual disability have shown consistent and persistent deficits across cognitive, social, and vocational domains, indicating a need for effective treatments of functional disabilities as each impact employment. This initial pilot study is an open trial investigation of the feasibility, acceptability, and initial estimates of outcomes for the newly developed Supported Employment, Comprehensive Cognitive Enhancement, and Social Skills intervention, a manualized "soft skills" curriculum, to enhance both cognitive and social development in adults with autism spectrum...
October 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033551/healthcare-provider-relational-quality-is-associated-with-better-self-management-and-less-treatment-burden-in-people-with-multiple-chronic-conditions
#17
David T Eton, Jennifer L Ridgeway, Mark Linzer, Deborah H Boehm, Elizabeth A Rogers, Kathleen J Yost, Lila J Finney Rutten, Jennifer L Sauver, Sara Poplau, Roger T Anderson
PURPOSE: Having multiple chronic conditions (MCCs) can lead to appreciable treatment and self-management burden. Healthcare provider relational quality (HPRQ) - the communicative and interpersonal skill of the provider - may mitigate treatment burden and promote self-management. The objectives of this study were to 1) identify the associations between HPRQ, treatment burden, and psychosocial outcomes in adults with MCCs, and 2) determine if certain indicators of HPRQ are more strongly associated than others with these outcomes...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032428/usability-operations-on-touch-mobile-devices-for-users-with-autism
#18
Angeles Quezada, Reyes Juárez-Ramírez, Samantha Jiménez, Alan Ramírez Noriega, Sergio Inzunza, Arnulfo Alanis Garza
The Autistic Spectrum Disorder is a cognitive disorder that affects the cognitive and motor skills; due that, users cannot perform digital and fine motor tasks. It is necessary to create software applications that adapt to the abilities of these users. In recent years has been an increase in the research of the use of technology to support autistic users to develop their communication skills and to improve learning. However, the applications' usability for disable users is not assessed objectively as the existing models do not consider interaction operators for disable users...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032288/addressing-social-skills-deficits-in-adults-with-williams-syndrome
#19
Marisa H Fisher, Lindsay Morin
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) are hypersocial; yet, they experience social difficulties and trouble with relationships. This report summarizes findings from three studies examining the social functioning of adults with WS and the feasibility of a social skills training program for adults with WS (SSTP-WS) through the examination of performance on initial lesson plans. METHOD: Study 1: 114 parents of adults with WS completed the Social Responsiveness Scale-2...
October 12, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031503/assessing-dentists-human-papillomavirus-related-health-literacy-for-oropharyngeal-cancer-prevention
#20
Coralia Vázquez-Otero, Cheryl A Vamos, Erika L Thompson, Laura K Merrell, Stacey B Griner, Nolan S Kline, Frank A Catalanotto, Anna R Giuliano, Ellen M Daley
BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal cancers related to human papillomavirus (HPV) are on the rise. Dentists may be the next group of providers participating in the prevention of HPV. The aim of this study was to assess dentists' health literacy regarding the connection of HPV and oropharyngeal cancer. METHODS: The authors conducted 4 focus groups with dentists (N = 33) during a regional dental conference in 2016. Guided by the health literacy competencies (that is, access, understand, appraise, and apply), the authors used constant comparison methods for data analysis...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
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