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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668075/a-comparison-of-debate-and-role-play-in-enhancing-critical-thinking-and-communication-skills-of-medical-students-during-problem-based-learning
#1
Rabia Latif, Sadaf Mumtaz, Rafia Mumtaz, Aamir Hussain
Debate and role play for learning critical thinking and communication skills are being increasingly used in various undergraduate medical schools worldwide. We aim to compare students' views about effectiveness of two teaching strategies; debate and role play to exercise critical thinking and communication skills during problem-based learning (PBL). This is a comparative, cross-sectional, and questionnaire-based study. Our subjects were second year undergraduate female medical students enrolled in Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU), College of Medicine from September 2014-2016, divided into 10 small PBL groups (10-13 students/group/year)...
April 18, 2018: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667864/exploring-nurse-leaders-policy-participation-within-the-context-of-a-nursing-conceptual-framework
#2
Ashley Waddell, Jeffrey M Adams, Jacqueline Fawcett
This study was designed to describe and quantify the experiences of nurse leaders working to influence policy and to build consensus for priority skills and knowledge useful in policy efforts within the context of a nursing conceptual framework. The conceptual model for nursing and health policy and the Adams influence model were combined into a conceptual framework used to guide this two-round modified Delphi study. Twenty-two nurse leaders who were members of a state action coalition participated in the Round 1 focus group; 15 of these leaders completed the Round 2 electronic survey...
January 1, 2018: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667739/maternal-depressive-symptoms-during-and-after-pregnancy-and-child-developmental-milestones
#3
Soile Tuovinen, Marius Lahti-Pulkkinen, Polina Girchenko, Jari Lipsanen, Jari Lahti, Kati Heinonen, Rebecca M Reynolds, Esa Hämäläinen, Eero Kajantie, Hannele Laivuori, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Pia M Villa, Katri Räikkönen
BACKGROUND: Maternal depressive symptoms during and after pregnancy predict poorer child neurodevelopment. The effects of timing, symptom severity, and additive influences remain unclear. METHODS: A total of 2,231 mothers of the Prediction and Prevention of Pre-eclampsia and Intrauterine Growth Restriction (PREDO) study completed the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale biweekly up to 14 times during pregnancy and twice up to 12 months after pregnancy...
April 18, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665791/a-cost-effectiveness-study-of-ict-training-among-the-visually-impaired-in-the-netherlands
#4
Nathalie J S Patty, Marc Koopmanschap, Kim Holtzer-Goor
BACKGROUND: Due to the ageing population, the number of visually impaired people in the Netherlands will increase. To ensure the future availability of services in rehabilitative eye care, we aim to assess the cost-effectiveness of information and communication technology (ICT) training among visually impaired adults from a societal perspective, using primary data from two large rehabilitative eye care providers in the Netherlands. METHODS: Participants were asked to fill in a questionnaire, which used six different instruments at three different time points: pre training, post training and three months post training...
April 17, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665190/comparison-of-emergency-medicine-malpractice-cases-involving-residents-to-non-resident-cases
#5
Kiersten L Gurley, Shamai A Grossman, Margaret Janes, C Winnie Yu-Moe, Ellen Song, Carrie D Tibbles, Nathan I Shapiro, Carlo L Rosen
BACKGROUND: Data are lacking on how emergency medicine (EM) malpractice cases with resident involvement differs from cases that do not name a resident. OBJECTIVES: To compare malpractice case characteristics in cases where a resident is involved (resident case) to cases that do not involve a resident (non-resident case) and to determine factors that contribute to malpractice cases utilizing EM as a model for malpractice claims across other medical specialties. METHODS: We used data from the Controlled Risk Insurance Company (CRICO) Strategies' division Comparative Benchmarking System (CBS) to analyze open and closed EM cases asserted from 2009-2013...
April 17, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664768/determinants-of-parent-satisfaction-with-emergency-or-urgent-care-when-the-patient-has-autism
#6
Sarah F Kirsch, David L Meryash, Bárbara González-Arévalo
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify factors that predict parent satisfaction (PS) with their child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)'s visit to a hospital emergency department (ED) or urgent care (UC) center. METHODS: Parents recruited through a national database whose child (3-21 years; N = 378) with ASD had been treated in an ED/UC center within the previous 3 years completed an anonymous on-line questionnaire. They answered questions about whether they were satisfied overall with the visit and the care provided, their demographics, patient characteristics, their expectations and preparation for the visit, and the ED/UC center experience itself, including their observations of staff interpersonal and communication skills (ICSs) and behaviors, and whether the patient was disruptive (D)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663891/flipped-learning-can-rheumatology-lead-the-shift-in-medical-education
#7
Yasser El Miedany, Maha El Gaafary, Nadia El Aroussy, Sally Youssef
OBJECTIVE: To: 1. implement flipped classroom rheumatology teaching for undergraduate education. 2. Evaluate outcomes of teaching using OSCE assessment and student perceived effectiveness and satisfaction survey. METHODS: The flipped classroom education was conducted in 3 phases. Phase 1: carried out in the students' own time. Web links were emailed to assist exposure of the instructional part of the lesson online. Phase 2: interactive in-class activity to share personal reflection and reinforce the key aspects...
April 16, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662949/dealing-with-deans-and-academic-medical-center-leadership-advice-from-leaders
#8
Fred Sanfilippo, Deborah Powell, Robert Folberg, Mark Tykocinski
The 2017 Association of Pathology Chairs Annual Meeting included a session for department chairs and other department leaders on "how to deal with deans and academic medical center leadership." The session was focused on discussing ways to foster positive relationships with university, medical school, and health system leaders, and productively address issues and opportunities with them. Presentations and a panel discussion were provided by 4 former pathology chairs who subsequently have served as medical deans and in other leadership positions including university provost, medical center CEO, and health system board chair...
January 2018: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660652/cross-talk-connections-underlying-dorsal-and-ventral-stream-integration-during-hand-actions
#9
Sanja Budisavljevic, Flavio Dell'Acqua, Umberto Castiello
According to the dual-stream theory, the processing of visual information is divided into a ventral pathway mediating object recognition, and a dorsal pathway supporting visuomotor control. Increasing evidence suggests that these streams are not independent, but where this dorsal-ventral stream integration occurs remains unknown. We explored the candidate white matter pathways linking dorsal and ventral visual streams in 30 right-handed participants performing object-oriented hand movements of varying complexity (reaching, grasping and lifting), using advanced diffusion imaging tractography based on the spherical deconvolution and kinematical analysis...
March 9, 2018: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659296/mental-health-knowledge-and-training-needs-among-direct-care-workers-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Candace Konnert, Vivian Huang, Barbara Pesut
OBJECTIVES: Direct care providers (DCWs) spend the most time with clients in the home, and as such, play an integral role in identifying mental health problems. However, DCWs receive little preparation in mental health and there is little research regarding their role in the mental health care of clients. The purpose of this study was to explore DCWs' knowledge, attitudes, and experiences of caring for clients with mental health problems from the perspectives of DCWs and key administrators (KAs)...
April 16, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659076/how-to-effectively-design-public-health-interventions-implications-from-the-interaction-effects-between-socioeconomic-status-and-health-locus-of-control-beliefs-on-healthy-dietary-behaviours-among-us-adults
#11
Kyungeun Jang, Young Min Baek
This study investigated whether individuals with different socioeconomic status (SES) should be provided differently tailored health messages to promote healthy dietary behaviour (HDB). Prior research has suggested that people with different SESs tend to exhibit different types of beliefs about health, but it remains unclear how SES interacts with these beliefs to influence health outcomes. To better understand the differences in HDB between high- and low-SES populations and propose effective intervention strategies, we examined (i) how SES is associated with HDB, (ii) how internal health locus of control (HLC) and powerful others HLC are associated with HDB, and (iii) how SES interacts with internal and powerful others HLC to influence HDB...
April 16, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658798/mock-echo-a-simulation-based-medical-education-method
#12
Rebecca C Fowler, Joanna G Katzman, George D Comerci, Brian M Shelley, Daniel Duhigg, Cynthia Olivas, Thomas Arnold, Summers Kalishman, Rebecca Monnette, Sanjeev Arora
PROBLEM: This study was designed to develop a deeper understanding of the learning and social processes that take place during the simulation-based medical education for practicing providers as part of the Project ECHO® model, known as Mock ECHO training. The ECHO model is utilized to expand access to care of common and complex diseases by supporting the education of primary care providers with an interprofessional team of specialists via videoconferencing networks. INTERVENTION: Mock ECHO trainings are conducted through a train the trainer model targeted at leaders replicating the ECHO model at their organizations...
April 16, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653248/core-trainee-boot-camp-a-method-for-improving-technical-and-non-technical-skills-of-novice-surgical-trainees-a-before-and-after-study
#13
R Bamford, L Langdon, C A Rodd, S Eastaugh-Waring, J E Coulston
INTRODUCTION: The transition to surgical training can be a stressful time for trainees and is most evident during national handover periods where new graduates start and senior trainees rotate to new programmes. During this time, patient mortality can increase and Hospital efficiency reduces. This influence is compounded by the impact of working time directives. Intensive, simulation rich training programmes or "Boot Camps" have been postulated as a solution. This article highlights the development of a surgical boot camp for novice surgical trainees and the impact this can have on training...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652955/-neurodevelopmental-assessment-of-patients-with-congenital-hypothyroidism
#14
Alicia Núñez, Paula Bedregal, Carlos Becerra, Francisca Grob L
Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common cause of preventable cognitive disability worldwide. Generally, it is produced by an alteration in the embryogenesis of the thyroid gland or by an alteration in the synthesis of thyroid hormones, which determine that affected patients have low or absent thyroid hormone concentrations. The importance of this fact is that brain development during the first three years of life is highly dependent on thyroid hormones. Prior to the implementation of national neonatal screening programs around the world, 8 to 27% of children with CH had an IQ lower than 70...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650745/circles-of-care-for-people-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-communication-collaboration-and-coordination
#15
REVIEW
Karen McNeil, Meg Gemmill, Dara Abells, Samantha Sacks, Terry Broda, Catherine R Morris, Cynthia Forster-Gibson
OBJECTIVE: To review health information exchange (HIE) processes that affect the health of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) and to suggest practical tips and strategies for communicating, collaborating, and coordinating in the primary care setting. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: The "Primary care of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities. 2018 Canadian consensus guidelines" literature review and interdisciplinary input...
April 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650742/supporting-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-to-participate-in-health-care-decision-making
#16
REVIEW
William F Sullivan, John Heng
OBJECTIVE: To discuss what is new in the revised guideline 3 of the "Primary care of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities [IDD]. 2018 Canadian consensus guidelines" on decision-making capacity, and how to implement the recommendations. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: Integrative review based on a literature search, the framework of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and the experience of the authors. MAIN MESSAGE: Person-centred health care of adults with IDD should include all possible contributions from the patient in decision making...
April 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650497/quality-of-medical-education-is-our-health-in-safe-hands
#17
Tanuj Kanchan, Kewal Krishan, Neelam Dehal
The medical profession, once considered a "noble profession" has been under the scanner for deterioration in services. This decline is generally attributed to commercialisation of services, waning human values, and a lack of empathy and communication skills. At a time when discussions are focused on devising approaches to test medical students for attributes such as empathy, communication skills and concern for the less privileged, developing nations like India are suffering from the "problem of too many"...
March 12, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650179/mother-daugther-communication-about-sexual-and-reproductive-health-issues-in-singkawang-west-kalimantan-indonesia
#18
Elly Nurachmah, Yati Afiyanti, Sri Yona, Rita Ismail, John Toding Padang, I Ketut Suardana, Yulia Irvan Dewit, Kelana Kusuma Dharma
While parent-adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) communication is one potential source of information for adolescents, it appears to be inadequately practiced in Indonesia. Given that female adolescents in Indonesia are faced with increased sex-related risks, it is important to understand, from parents and adolescents' perspectives, how parents communicate about SRH to their adolescents. This study was designed to investigate parents and their female adolescent children's patterns of SRH communication in West Kalimantan, Indonesia...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650166/family-experiences-in-communicating-with-family-members-experiencing-social-isolation-after-hospitalization
#19
Mega Lestari Khoirunnisa, Achir Yani Syuhaimie Hamid, Novy Helena Catharina Daulima
OBJECTIVE: Social isolation is one of the negative symptoms of schizophrenia that is likely to persist after hospitalization. This study aimed to describe family experiences in communicating with post-hospitalized family members experiencing social isolation. METHOD: This study used a descriptive phenomenology qualitative approach. The research sample consisted of seven participants selected by a purposive sampling method. Data were obtained through in-depth interviews with family members of people with schizophrenia who experienced social isolation after hospitalization...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650163/developing-a-health-education-game-for-preschoolers-what-should-we-consider
#20
Arbianingsih, Yeni Rustina, Tri Krianto, Dian Ayubi
OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive picture of what preschoolers prefer in computer game so that such game may be developed as a medium in health education. This is an important step to attract the children's attention so that the learning objectives from the educational game can be achieved. METHOD: This study used descriptive qualitative approach and involved seven children aged from three to six years. Purposive sampling was used to choose participants in accordance with the inclusion criteria...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
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