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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454050/when-travel-is-a-challenge-travel-medicine-and-the-dis-abled-traveller
#1
REVIEW
Irmgard Bauer
Travellers with recognised disabilities or the dis-ability to function as required during a trip have been overlooked in the travel medicine literature. This paper provides a starting point for further discussion and research into this neglected traveller population. In contrast, tourism research has explored travel with a disability for some time in order to understand the travellers' needs and to improve services accordingly. The contemporary bio-psycho-social understanding of disability serves as the framework for exploring motivations to travel as well as barriers, such as inter and intrapersonal, economic, structural and attitudinal obstacles...
February 14, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453507/interprofessional-education-opportunities-and-challenges-for-psychology
#2
Wendy Ward, Alexandra Zagoloff, Cortney Rieck, William Robiner
This manuscript is an outgrowth of an invited panel presentation at the national Association for Psychologists in Academic Health Centers Conference in 2017 on Interprofessional Education (IPE). IPE is a structured and transformative educational strategy designed to provide active learning experiences where trainees from diverse healthcare professions gain shared content knowledge plus collaboration skills as they learn about, from, and with each other. Collaboration skills include understanding professional role distinctions and overlap, effective team-based communication, shared values/ethics and respect for each other's expertise, and teamwork dynamics...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453189/evaluating-the-care4carer-blended-care-intervention-for-partners-of-patients-with-acquired-brain-injury-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Vincent Cm Cox, Vera Pm Schepers, Marjolijn Ketelaar, Caroline M van Heugten, Johanna Ma Visser-Meily
BACKGROUND: Support programs for partners of patients with acquired brain injury are necessary since these partners experience several unfavorable consequences of caregiving, such as a high burden, emotional distress, and poor quality of life. Evidence-based support strategies that can be included in these support programs are psychoeducation, skill building, problem solving, and improving feelings of mastery. A promising approach would seem to be to combine web-based support with face-to-face consultations, creating a blended care intervention...
February 16, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452401/understanding-communication-breakdown-in-the-outpatient-referral-process-in-latin-america-a-cross-sectional-study-on-the-use-of-clinical-correspondence-in-public-healthcare-networks-of-six-countries
#4
Ingrid Vargas, Irene Garcia-Subirats, Amparo-Susana Mogollón-Pérez, Marina Ferreira-de-Medeiros-Mendes, Pamela Eguiguren, Angelica-Ivonne Cisneros, María-Cecilia Muruaga, Fernando Bertolotto, María-Luisa Vázquez
An adequate use of referral and reply letters-the main form of communication between primary care (PC) and out-patient secondary care (SC)-helps to avoid medical errors, test duplications and delays in diagnosis. However, it has been little studied to date in Latin America. The aim is to determine the level and characteristics of PC and SC doctors' use of referral and reply letters and to explore influencing factors in public healthcare networks of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Uruguay. A cross-sectional study was conducted through a survey of PC and SC doctors working in public healthcare networks (348 doctors per country)...
February 14, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451031/condom-use-efficacy-and-sexual-communication-skills-among-african-american-college-women
#5
Sarah J Javier, Jasmine A Abrams, Melanie P Moore, Faye Z Belgrave
Despite condom use being the most protective measure against the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), little is known about the intermediary relationships between condom negotiation, assertive sexual communication, and condom use efficacy. The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationships between these constructs within the context of an HIV prevention intervention. We examined two samples of African American college women participating in two HIV prevention interventions, one of which was based on social learning theory ( N = 214)...
March 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449295/management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-an-online-cross-sectional-survey-of-healthcare-professionals
#6
Hayley McBain, Frederique Lamontagne-Godwin, Mark Haddad, Alan Simpson, Jacqui Chapman, Julia Jones, Chris Flood, Kathleen Mulligan
OBJECTIVES: To establish healthcare professionals' (HCPs) views about clinical roles, and the barriers and enablers to delivery of diabetes care for people with severe mental illness (SMI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional, postal and online survey. SETTING: Trusts within the National Health Service, mental health and diabetes charities, and professional bodies. PARTICIPANTS: HCPs who care for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and/or SMI in the UK...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444688/twenty-years-of-home-based-palliative-care-in-malappuram-kerala-india-a-descriptive-study-of-patients-and-their-care-givers
#7
Rekha Rachel Philip, Sairu Philip, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Abdulla Manima, Emilie Venables
BACKGROUND: The well lauded community-based palliative care programme of Kerala, India provides medical and social support, through home-based care, for patients with terminal illness and diseases requiring long-term support. There is, however, limited information on patient characteristics, caregivers and programme performance. This study was carried out to describe: i) the patients enrolled in the programme from 1996 to 2016 and their diagnosis, and ii) the care-giver characteristics and palliative care support from nurses and doctors in a cohort of patients registered during 2013-2015...
February 14, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444455/anatomists-perceptions-of-the-skills-and-attributes-required-of-newly-recruited-medical-students
#8
Bernard J Moxham, Odile Plaisant, Baptiste Lignier, Feisal Brahim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Admission procedures for recruiting students to medical school vary considerably across the world. Notwithstanding such variability, it is important to know what skills and attributes are required of the students by their teachers on entering medical school. PROCEDURES: Anatomists are often the teachers who first meet the students as they enter medical school and this report analyses, by means of a questionnaire, the putative skills required of their medical students by anatomists from the U...
February 11, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443717/anticipating-and-training-the-physician-of-the-future-the-importance-of-caring-in-an-age-of-artificial-intelligence
#9
S Claiborne Johnston
Artificial intelligence and other forms of information technology are only just beginning to change the practice of medicine. The pace of change is expected to accelerate as tools improve and as demands for analyzing a rapidly growing body of knowledge and array of data increase. The medical students of today will practice in a world where information technology is sophisticated and omnipresent. In this world, the tasks of memorization and analysis will be less important to them as practicing physicians. On the other hand, the non-analytical, humanistic aspects of medicine-most importantly, the art of caring-will remain a critical function of the physician, and facility with improving systems of care will be required...
February 13, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443561/building-bridges-to-a-brighter-tomorrow-a-systematic-evidence-review-of-interventions-that-prepare-adolescents-for-adulthood
#10
Barri B Burrus, Kathleen Krieger, Regina Rutledge, Alexander Rabre, Sarah Axelson, Audra Miller, LeBretia White, Christine Jackson
BACKGROUND: Data suggest that adverse social determinants during adolescence can set in motion a lifetime of poor social and health outcomes. Vulnerable youths are at particularly high risk in this regard. OBJECTIVES: To identify and assess the current evidence base for adolescent-focused interventions designed to influence adulthood preparation that could affect longer-term social determinants. SEARCH METHODS: Using a systematic review methodology, we conducted an initial assessment of intervention evaluations targeting 6 adulthood preparation subject (APS) areas to assess the quality and character of the evidence base...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442541/the-ophthalmology-surgical-competency-assessment-rubric-oscar-for-anterior-approach-ptosis-surgery
#11
Valerie Juniat, Karl C Golnik, Francesco P Bernardini, Altug Cetinkaya, Aaron Fay, Bipasha Mukherjee, Farzad Pakdel, Brent Skippen, George M Saleh
PURPOSE: The International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO) is currently developing a series of standardized, internationally validated, teaching tools for key ophthalmic surgical procedures called the Ophthalmology Surgical Competency Assessment Rubrics (OSCARs). This study aims to develop an OSCAR for anterior approach ptosis surgery. METHODS: An international panel of content experts, representing Australia, India, Iran, Italy, Turkey, UK, and the USA was established and worked to develop the rubric using a range of online collaboration tools...
February 14, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442206/thrown-into-the-world-of-independent-practice-from-unexpected-uncertainty-to-new-identities
#12
Brett Schrewe
One of the most exciting yet stressful times in a physician's life is transitioning from supervised training into independent practice. The majority of literature devoted to this topic has focused upon a perceived gap between clinical and non-clinical skills and interventions taken to address it. Building upon recent streams of scholarship in identity formation and adaptation to new contexts, this work uses a Heideggerian perspective to frame an autoethnographical exploration of the author's transition into independent paediatric practice...
February 13, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441247/using-the-association-of-american-medical-colleges-standardized-video-interview-in-a-holistic-residency-application-review
#13
Andrew King, Chad Mayer, Andrew Starnes, Kelly Barringer, Lancelot Beier, Harsh Sule
Each year, residency programs work diligently to identify the best applicants for their respective programs, given the increasing volume of applications. Interview offers are often based on a mix of subjective and objective measures, with different programs relying more or less on each. A holistic application review involves a flexible and individualized way of assessing an applicant's capabilities through a balanced consideration of experiences, attributes, and academic metrics. When considered collectively, these attributes may define how an individual may perform as a physician...
December 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440814/effectiveness-of-the-certificate-course-in-essentials-of-palliative-care-program-on-the-knowledge-in-palliative-care-among-the-participants-a-cross-sectional-interventional-study
#14
Sushma Bhatnagar, Anuradha Patel
Background: Palliative medicine is an upcoming new specialty aimed at relieving suffering, improving quality of life and comfort care. There are many challenges and barriers in providing palliative care to our patients. The major challenge is lack of knowledge, attitude and skills among health-care providers. Objectives: Evaluate the effectiveness of the certificate course in essentials of palliative care (CCEPC) program on the knowledge in palliative care among the participants...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438508/harnessing-the-power-of-communities-career-networking-strategies-for-bioscience-phd-students-and-postdoctoral-researchers
#15
Sarah Blackford
With an ever more competitive global labour market, coupled with an ever-increasing population of PhD-qualified graduates, the ability to communicate effectively and build strategic connections with others can be advantageous in the job-search process. Whether in pursuit of a tenure-track or non-academic position, many postdoctoral researchers and PhD students will benefit from networking as early as possible to enhance their career propsects. Sometimes viewed cynically as 'using people' or dismissed as 'the old boy network', the ability to make meaningful connections and build relationships can be more valuable than other job-related skills in order to gain entry to, and progress within, many professions...
February 9, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438295/patient-centered-communication
#16
Cynthia A Naughton
As the population ages, morbidity and mortality associated with chronic disease will increase. Some patient-centered improvements have been made in health care services, but optimal health has not been fully realized. Only when pharmacists have a holistic understanding of an individual patient, including their experience of illness and medication, can they effectively assess appropriateness, safety, efficacy, and adherence to medications and develop realistic treatment plans. When patients are involved in their care, they are better able to manage complex chronic conditions by understanding and adhering to their plan of care...
February 13, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438070/successfully-reducing-newborn-asphyxia-in-the-labour-unit-in-a-large-academic-medical-centre-a-quality-improvement-project-using-statistical-process-control
#17
Rikke von Benzon Hollesen, Rie Laurine Rosenthal Johansen, Christina Rørbye, Louise Munk, Pierre Barker, Anette Kjaerbye-Thygesen
BACKGROUND: A safe delivery is part of a good start in life, and a continuous focus on preventing harm during delivery is crucial, even in settings with a good safety record. In January 2013, the labour unit at Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, undertook a quality improvement (QI) project to prevent asphyxia and reduced the percentage of newborns with asphyxia by 48%. METHODS: The change theory consisted of two primary elements: (1) the clinical content, including three clinical bundles of evidence-based care, a 'delivery bundle', an 'oxytocin bundle' and a 'vacuum extraction bundle'; (2) an implementation theory, including improving skills in interpretation of cardiotocography, use of QI methods and participation in a national learning network...
February 3, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437841/improving-evaluation-of-dental-hygiene-students-cultural-competence-with-a-mixed-methods-approach
#18
Priscilla Flynn, Nassim Sarkarati
Most dental hygiene educational programs include cultural competence education, but may not evaluate student outcomes. The aim of this study was to design and implement a mixed-methods evaluation to measure dental hygiene students' progression toward cultural competence. Two cohorts consisting of consecutive classes in one U.S. dental hygiene program participated in the study. A total of 47 dental hygiene students (100% response rate) completed self-assessments to measure their attitudes and knowledge at three time points between 2014 and 2016...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437049/ophthalmologic-manifestations-associated-with-zika-virus-infection
#19
Camila V Ventura, Liana O Ventura
Vision plays an important role in the development of communication, social interaction, spatial awareness, and the motor skills needed to explore the environment. In the past 2 years, researchers have described the broad spectrum of clinical features that comprise congenital Zika syndrome (CZS). The ocular manifestations are considered 1 important pillar of this new entity. The most characteristic ophthalmic findings include chorioretinal scars and focal pigmentary changes seen in the macular region. Since these findings were first reported, other researchers have validated and extended them, leading to a more complete picture of the spectrum of ocular manifestations related to CZS...
February 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436887/machine-learning-in-autistic-spectrum-disorder-behavioral-research-a-review-and-ways-forward
#20
Fadi Thabtah
Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a mental disorder that retards acquisition of linguistic, communication, cognitive, and social skills and abilities. Despite being diagnosed with ASD, some individuals exhibit outstanding scholastic, non-academic, and artistic capabilities, in such cases posing a challenging task for scientists to provide answers. In the last few years, ASD has been investigated by social and computational intelligence scientists utilizing advanced technologies such as machine learning to improve diagnostic timing, precision, and quality...
February 13, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
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