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Communication skill

Laura A Siminoff, Gerard P Alolod, Maureen Wilson-Genderson, Eva Y N Yuen, Heather M Traino
Available literature points to healthcare providers' discomfort with donation after cardiac death (DCD) and their perception of the public's reluctance toward the procedure. Using a national sample, we report on the communication content of actual DCD and donation after brain death (DBD) approaches by organ procurement organization (OPO) requesters and compare family decision makers' (FDMs') experiences of both modalities. We recruited 1,601 FDMs using a validated protocol; 347 (21.7%) were of potential DCD donors...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Tyrel J Starks, Michael A Castro, Juan P Castiblanco, Brett M Millar
The existing literature has identified that beliefs about the interpersonal meaning of condom use are a significant predictor of condomless anal sex (CAS). Some have suggested that condom use in this context may function as a form of nonverbal communication. This study utilized attachment theory as a framework and tested a hypothesized model linking adult attachment to CAS through communication skills and condom expectancies. An online survey was completed by 122 single, HIV-negative gay and bisexual (GB) men living in the U...
October 17, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Estrella Romero, Concepción Rodríguez, Paula Villar, X Antón Gómez-Fraguela
The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term effects of a manualised program which intervenes on children with early-onset conduct problems, their families and teachers. The program evaluation involved 14 primary schools which were randomly assigned to the intervention (45 participating families) and control (30 families) conditions during 2007-2008. After a screening process which identified children with significant conduct problems both at home with their family and at school, the program was implemented in eight schools...
September 29, 2016: Adicciones
Abby R Rosenberg, Joanne Wolfe, Lori Wiener, Maureen Lyon, Chris Feudtner
Importance: For clinicians caring for adolescent patients living with progressive, life-threatening illness, discussions regarding prognosis, goals of care, and treatment options can be extremely challenging. While clinicians should respect and help to facilitate adolescents' emerging autonomy, they often must also work with parents' wishes to protect patients from the emotional distress of hearing bad news. Observations: We reviewed the ethical justifications for and against truth-telling, and we considered the published ethical and practice guidance, as well as the perspectives of patients, parents, and clinicians involved in these cases...
October 17, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
Ambra Bisio, Ludovico Pedullà, Laura Bonzano, Piero Ruggeri, Giampaolo Brichetto, Marco Bove
Writing is a means of communication which requires complex motor, perceptual, and cognitive skills. If one of these abilities gets lost following traumatic events or due to neurological diseases, handwriting could deteriorate. Occupational therapy practitioners provide rehabilitation services for people with impaired handwriting. However, to determine the effectiveness of handwriting interventions no studies assessed whether the proposed treatments improved the kinematics of writing movement or had an effect at the level of the central nervous system...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Robert F Kushner
Provision of dietary counseling in the office setting is enhanced by using team-based care and electronic tools. Effective provider-patient communication is essential for fostering behavior change: the key component of lifestyle medicine. The principles of communication and behavior change are skill-based and grounded in scientific theories and models. Motivational interviewing and shared decision making, a collaboration process between patients and their providers to reach agreement about a health decision, is an important process in counseling...
November 2016: Medical Clinics of North America
Basil M Jan, Mohammed M Jan
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a common chronic motor disorder with associated cognitive, communicative, and seizure disorders. Children with CP have a higher risk of dental problems creating significant morbidity that can further affect their wellbeing and negatively impact their quality of life. Screening for dental disease should be part of the initial assessment of any child with CP. The objective of this article is to present an updated overview of dental health issues in children with CP and outline important preventative and practical strategies to the management of this common comorbidity...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Jan Pieter Marchal, Heleen Maurice-Stam, Bregje A Houtzager, Susanne L Rutgers van Rozenburg-Marres, Kim J Oostrom, Martha A Grootenhuis, A S Paul van Trotsenburg
BACKGROUND: We analysed developmental outcomes from a clinical trial early in life and its follow-up at 10.7 years in 123 children with Down syndrome. AIMS: To determine 1) strengths and weaknesses in adaptive functioning and motor skills at 10.7 years, and 2) prognostic value of early-life characteristics (early developmental outcomes, parental and child characteristics, and comorbidity) for later intelligence, adaptive functioning and motor skills. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We used standardized assessments of mental and motor development at ages 6, 12 and 24 months, and of intelligence, adaptive functioning and motor skills at 10...
October 13, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Lisbeth Valla, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Lars Smith, Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Kari Slinning
Postnatal depression (PND) is associated with adverse effects on a broad range of child outcomes, including language problems. The current study aimed to investigate if the time of exposure to maternal PND symptoms measured with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at 6 weeks, 4 months and 6 months postpartum were related to the infants' communication skills measured with the Ages and Stages Questionnaires (ASQ) at 12 and 24 months. Secondly, to study to what extent the number of exposures to high level of PND symptoms (i...
October 12, 2016: Infant Behavior & Development
Sari Ahlqvist-Björkroth, Zack Boukydis, Anna Margareta Axelin, Liisa Lehtonen
Parents of preterm infants commonly experience separation from their infant or exclusion from their role as primary caregivers during the hospital care of their infant, which may impair parent-infant bonding and parents' psychological well-being. Therefore, we developed the Close Collaboration with Parents™ intervention to improve staff skills in communicating and collaborating with parents in neonatal intensive care units (NICU), to increase parents' presence and participation into infant care, and to improve parent-infant bonding and, thereby, parents' psychological well-being and later child development...
October 12, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Tonia Crawford, Peter Roger, Sally Candlin
OBJECTIVE: Patient education is an important part of nurses' roles; however the inconsistent quality of communication skills, including those of registered nurses (RNs) from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds, risk patient safety. Empowerment in patient education has been found to influence patients' self-efficacy and participation in decision-making. Discourse analysis of a whole interaction is used in this paper to trace the consequences of patient education where empowering discourse is displayed by an RN from a CALD background...
September 22, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
Sharon MacLean, Michelle Kelly, Fiona Geddes, Phillip Della
BACKGROUND: Registered nurses are expected to communicate effectively with patients. To improve on this skill education programmes in both hospital and tertiary settings are increasingly turning to simulation modalities when training undergraduate and registered nurses. The roles simulated patients (SPs) assume can vary according to training purposes and approach. AIMS: The first aim is to analyse how SPs are used in nursing education to develop communication skills...
September 28, 2016: Nurse Education Today
Georgia Halkett, Moira O'Connor, Sanchia Aranda, Michael Jefford, Susan Merchant, Debra York, Lisa Miller, Penelope Schofield
INTRODUCTION: Patients sometimes present for radiation therapy with high levels of anxiety. Communication skills training may assist radiation therapists to conduct more effective consultations with patients prior to treatment planning and treatment commencement. The overall aim of our research is to examine the effectiveness of a preparatory programme 'RT Prepare' delivered by radiation therapists to reduce patient psychological distress. The purpose of this manuscript was to describe the communication skills workshops developed for radiation therapists and evaluate participants' feedback...
April 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Samuel Smith
Shoulder dystocia is an obstetrical emergency that may result in significant neonatal complications. It requires rapid recognition and a coordinated response. Standardization of care, teamwork and communication, and clinical simulation are the key components of patient safety programs in obstetrics. Simulation-based team training and institutional protocols for the management of shoulder dystocia are emerging as integral components of many labor and delivery safety initiatives because of their impact on technical skills and team performance...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
Isabelle Bragard, Marie-Christine Seghaye, Nesrine Farhat, Marie Solowianiuk, Mariane Saliba, Anne-Marie Etienne, Katharina Schumacher
OBJECTIVES: Residents beginning their specialization in pediatrics and emergency medicine (EM) are rapidly involved in oncall duties. Early acquisition of crisis resource management by novice residents is essential for patient safety, but traditional training may be insufficient. Our aim was to investigate the impact of a 2-day simulation-based course on residents to manage pediatric and neonatal patients. METHODS: First year residents participated in the course...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Nancy L Falk
Health communications and baccalaureate nursing education are increasingly impacted by new technological tools. This article describes how an Accelerated Bachelor of Science in Nursing program incorporates an infographic assignment into a graduate-level online health information and technology course. Students create colorful, engaging infographics using words and visuals to communicate public health information. The assignment, which incorporates the use of data and evidence, provides students the opportunity to acquire new research and technology skills while gaining confidence creating and innovating...
September 2016: Nursing Education Perspectives
Melissa C Brouwers, Marija Vukmirovic, Jennifer R Tomasone, Eva Grunfeld, Robin Urquhart, Mary Ann O'Brien, Melanie Walker, Fiona Webster, Margaret Fitch
OBJECTIVE: To report on the findings of the CanIMPACT (Canadian Team to Improve Community-Based Cancer Care along the Continuum) Casebook project, which systematically documented Canadian initiatives (ie, programs and projects) designed to improve or support coordination and continuity of cancer care between primary care providers (PCPs) and oncology specialists. DESIGN: Pan-Canadian environmental scan. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals representing the various initiatives provided data for the analysis...
October 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Valdester Cavalcante Pinto, Rodrigo Cardoso Cavalcante, Klébia Magalhães P Castello Branco, Candice Torres de Melo Bezerra Cavalcante, Isabel Cristina Leite Maia, Nayana Maria Gomes de Souza, Kiarelle Lourenço Penaforte, Juan Alberto Cosquillo Mejia, Waldemiro Carvalho
The perspective of the integrated health system has a network of care with multiple integration dimensions among subsystems as nuclear representation, relating the clinical aspects and governance to the representations and collective values. The normative integration aims to ensure coherence between the system of representations and values of society simultaneously with the interfaces of clinical and functional integration. It builds a bridge with governance, which allows, through their skills, management of all system components, encouraging cooperation, communication and information, in order to ensure the population under their responsibility to access excellence services, exceeding their expectations...
May 2016: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Alexandra Lecours, Pierre-Yves Therriault
BACKGROUND: Preventive behaviour is a significant intervention target in order to promote health at work, but has never been discussed in an occupational perspective. AIM: To clarify the concept of preventive behaviour at work. METHODS: The Walker and Avant (2011) method was used to conduct the study. RESULTS: The attributes of the concept are: (1) compliance with safety rules and procedures, (2) proactivity, participation, engagement and initiatives related to prevention, (3) maintenance of physical environment, (4) concern for social environment and (5) reflexivity and analytical skills of work situations...
October 13, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
William R Saltzman
This article describes the core principles and components of the FOCUS Program, a brief intervention for families contending with single or multiple trauma or loss events. It has been administered nationally to thousands of military family members since 2008 and has been implemented in a wide range of civilian community, medical, clinical, and school settings. Developed by a team from the UCLA and Harvard Medical Schools, the FOCUS Program provides a structured approach for joining with traditional and nontraditional families, crafting shared goals, and then working with parents, children, and the entire family to build communication, make meaning out of traumatic experiences, and practice specific skills that support family resilience...
October 13, 2016: Family Process
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