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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924274/-maternal-feeding-and-social-inclusion-practices-in-mexican-children-with-disabilities-approach-with-focal-groups
#1
Martha Elba Alarcón, María Del Refugio López, Magali Ramon, Irma Rosa Alvarado, Martha González
The aim of this study was to identify the maternal feeding practices with children who have some kind of disability and its influence in their social inclusion process. Three focus groups were carried out with the participation of twelve mothers/caregivers of children with disabilities. The mothers/caregivers are in charge of their children's progress with respect to their physical health and disability. Their feeding practices contribute to their health condition, to the acquisition of nourishing learning, social behavior at the table, domestic collaboration, as well as to the development of language by means of the communicative interactions, and also the tightening of the affective bond between mother and child...
January 2018: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923893/the-consultation-observed-simulated-clinical-experience-training-assessment-and-feedback-for-incoming-interns-on-requesting-consultations
#2
Shannon K Martin, Keme Carter, Noah Hellermann, Laura R Glick, Samantha Ngooi, Marika Kachman, Jeanne M Farnan, Vineet M Arora
PROBLEM: Formal education in requesting consultations is inconsistent in medical education. To address this gap, the authors developed the Consultation Observed Simulated Clinical Experience (COSCE), a simulation-based curriculum for interns using Kessler et al's 5Cs of Consultation model to teach and assess consultation communication skills. APPROACH: In June 2016, 127 interns entering 12 University of Chicago Medicine residency programs participated in the COSCE pilot...
June 19, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922206/balance-performance-in-autism-a-brief-overview
#3
REVIEW
John F Stins, Claudia Emck
Children with autism not only have limited social and communicative skills but also have motor abnormalities, such as poor timing and coordination of balance. Moreover, impaired gross motor skills hamper participation with peers. Balance control is interesting from a cognitive science perspective, since it involves a complex interplay between information processing, motor planning, and timing and sequencing of muscle movements. In this paper, we discuss the background of motor problems in children with autism, focusing on how posture is informed by sensory information processing...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920128/application-of-motor-learning-in-neurorehabilitation-a-framework-for-health-care-professionals
#4
Melanie Kleynen, Anna Beurskens, Huub Olijve, Jip Kamphuis, Susy Braun
Learning motor skills is an essential part of most rehabilitation processes. Facilitating and supporting motor learning is particularly challenging in neurological rehabilitation: patients who suffer from neurological diseases experience both physical limitations and difficulties of cognition and communication that affect and/or complicate the motor learning process. Therapists (e.g. physiotherapists and occupational therapists) who work in neurorehabilitation are therefore continuously searching for the best way to facilitate patients during these intensive learning processes...
June 19, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914566/a-protocol-for-a-three-arm-cluster-randomized-controlled-superiority-trial-investigating-the-effects-of-two-pedagogical-methodologies-in-swedish-preschool-settings-on-language-and-communication-executive-functions-auditive-selective-attention-socioemotional
#5
Tove Gerholm, Thomas Hörberg, Signe Tonér, Petter Kallioinen, Sofia Frankenberg, Susanne Kjällander, Anna Palmer, Hillevi Lenz Taguchi
BACKGROUND: During the preschool years, children develop abilities and skills in areas crucial for later success in life. These abilities include language, executive functions, attention, and socioemotional skills. The pedagogical methods used in preschools hold the potential to enhance these abilities, but our knowledge of which pedagogical practices aid which abilities, and for which children, is limited. The aim of this paper is to describe an intervention study designed to evaluate and compare two pedagogical methodologies in terms of their effect on the above-mentioned skills in Swedish preschool children...
June 19, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914440/ethical-competence-in-dnr-decisions-a-qualitative-study-of-swedish-physicians-and-nurses-working-in-hematology-and-oncology-care
#6
Mona Pettersson, Mariann Hedström, Anna T Höglund
BACKGROUND: DNR decisions are frequently made in oncology and hematology care and physicians and nurses may face related ethical dilemmas. Ethics is considered a basic competence in health care and can be understood as a capacity to handle a task that involves an ethical dilemma in an adequate, ethically responsible manner. One model of ethical competence for healthcare staff includes three main aspects: being, doing and knowing, suggesting that ethical competence requires abilities of character, action and knowledge...
June 19, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914328/a-phenomenological-analysis-of-the-spiritual-support-services-in-state-hospitals-the-case-of-turkey
#7
Esra Bakiler, Halil Eksi
The purpose of this research is to examine the core and nature of spiritual support services experienced by Turkey's pioneer spiritual support specialists (SSSs). A phenomenological approach was used in this qualitative research in which six males, two females, and eight SSSs participated. It has been seen that as a result of face-to-face interviews with participants within the framework of the semi-structured interview protocol, the spiritual support service has been experienced as a process which changes the perception of life...
June 2018: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912659/adolescents-perspectives-on-everyday-life-with-obesity-a-qualitative-study
#8
Gudbjørg Øen, Bente Kvilhaugsvik, Kari Eldal, Anne-Grethe Halding
PURPOSE: This study aimed to gain an in-depth understanding of the perspectives and life experiences of adolescents living with obesity. METHODS: Five adolescents living with obesity were involved in repeated interviews, and qualitative content analysis was performed. RESULTS: Three themes emerged: obesity as a multi-faceted and difficult to solve condition; obesity as a shameful and vulnerable subject; and bullying and fragile social relationships...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911901/patient-reported-experiences-of-using-community-rehabilitation-and-or-support-services-whilst-living-with-a-long-term-neurological-condition-a-qualitative-systematic-review-and-meta-aggregation
#9
Katherine Jackson, Sharon Hamilton, Susan Jones, Steven Barr
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to identify patient reported experiences of using community rehabilitation and/or support services whilst living with a long-term neurological condition, and perceptions of their impact on quality of life. METHODS: Nine electronic databases were searched for peer-reviewed qualitative studies from 2005 to 2016, which met the inclusion criteria. Critical appraisal, data extraction, and quality assessment of 37 included papers were performed by three reviewers...
June 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911891/involvement-of-the-amygdala-in-memory-and-psychosocial-functioning-in-pediatric-onset-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Rivka Green, Ayala Adler, Brenda L Banwell, Tracy L Fabri, E Ann Yeh, D Louis Collins, John G Sled, Sridar Narayanan, Christine Till
Youth with multiple sclerosis (MS) often experience cognitive impairment and psychosocial disturbances. We describe the relationship between memory function, psychosocial skills, and brain volume in 32 patients with pediatric-onset MS and 30 controls. Amygdala volume was significantly lower in patients compared with controls. In general, poorer memory was associated with reduced functional communication skills and reduced amygdala volume. Greater amygdala volume in patients correlated with parent-reported functional communication and social skills...
June 18, 2018: Developmental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911586/i-see-you-re-in-pain-the-effects-of-partner-validation-on-emotions-in-people-with-chronic-pain
#11
Sara M Edlund, Maria L Carlsson, Steven J Linton, Alan E Fruzzetti, Maria Tillfors
Background and aims Chronic pain not only affects the person in pain, but can also have a negative impact on relationships with loved ones. Research shows that chronic pain is associated with difficulties in marital relationships, which in turn is related to a variety of negative outcomes such as psychological distress and conflict within the family. This suggests that couples where chronic physical pain is present also struggle with emotional pain and relationship problems, and thus targeting relationship skills and interpersonal functioning might be helpful for these couples...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908128/swedish-adaptation-of-the-general-medical-council-s-multisource-feedback-questionnaires-a-qualitative-study
#12
Jan-Eric Olsson, Solvig Ekblad, Bo Christer Bertilson, Eva Toth-Pal
Objectives: to explore potential users' opinions of a translated and culturally adapted Swedish version of the General Medical Council's MultiSource Feedback Questionnaires. Methods: In this qualitative study, we used content analysis on semi-structured interviews from 44 resident doctors, 29 medical colleagues and 28 patients to analyse their opinions of the Swedish adapted version, created through translation and expert review. Transcribed interview data concerning the informants' general thoughts about the tool were coded manually by three independent coders into categories, compiled as themes, and exemplified by citations...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907953/effectiveness-of-a-scerts-model-based-intervention-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-in-hong-kong-a-pilot-study
#13
Lu Yu, Xiaoqin Zhu
A SCERTS model-based intervention with different durations (5-month vs. 10-month) was provided to 122 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (age = 53.43 ± 9.05 months) in Hong Kong. Before and after the intervention, the children were assessed with the Chinese Psychoeducational Profile-Third Edition (CPEP-3) and the Developmental Assessment Chart (DAC). Educators and parents expressed their views toward the intervention in focus groups. Results showed that participating children improved significantly in their social communication and emotional behavior after the intervention, as measured by DAC and CPEP-3...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906401/school-nurses-increasing-the-compliance-of-hygiene-routines-for-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Constance E McIntosh, Jessica Gundlach, Pamela Brelage, Storey Snyder
School nurses are essential healthcare providers to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In providing this care, school nurses may need to accommodate the unique challenges that children with ASD may face, including but not limited to sensory sensitivities, communicative and social difficulties, difficulties remembering event sequencing and directions, and poor time management skills. The aim of this article is to provide school nurses and healthcare providers evidence-based interventions and strategies that they may use to increase the compliance of hygiene behaviors and routines for children with ASD...
June 1, 2018: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905785/healthcare-services-for-syrian-refugees-in-jordan-a-systematic-review
#15
R El Arab, M Sagbakken
Background: This review aims to explore the healthcare needs and access to healthcare services among Syrian refugees in Jordan. Furthermore, it identifies possible ways of responding to such needs within the framework of the structural challenges faced in this particular context. Methods: Through qualitative techniques, this study systematically reviewed nine articles identified in academic and international organizations' databases. Six articles are from scholarly sources, while three are published reports or commentary articles; thus, there are variations in methodological rigour...
June 13, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905499/developing-nurses-skills-in-motivational-interviewing-to-promote-a-healthy-lifestyle-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#16
Jos Dobber, Corine Latour, Marjolein Snaterse, Berno van Meijel, Gerben Ter Riet, Wilma Scholte Op Reimer, Ron Peters
BACKGROUND: If nurses have the communication skills and the time, they can play an important role in increasing the intrinsic motivation of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) to change their lifestyle. Motivational Interviewing (Mo-Int) can be used to further support this role. However, few nurses are sufficiently proficient in applying Mo-Int skills. Increasing these complex communication skills may contribute significantly to achieve lifestyle changes in CAD patients. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the coaching of nurses to skilfully use Mo-Int in a secondary prevention programme for CAD patients...
June 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904566/the-tigriopus-cure-a-course-based-undergraduate-research-experience-with-concomitant-supplemental-instruction
#17
Ginger R Fisher, Jeffrey T Olimpo, Thomas M McCabe, Ryan S Pevey
Evidence indicates that students who participate in scientific research during their undergraduate experience are more likely to pursue careers in the STEM disciplines and to develop increased scientific reasoning and literacy skills. One avenue to increase student engagement in research is via their enrollment in course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs), where they are able to conduct authentic research as part of the laboratory curriculum. The information presented herein provides an example of a CURE which was developed and implemented in an introductory cell and molecular biology course at the University of Northern Colorado...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904544/interventions-for-supporting-and-assessing-science-writing-communication-cases-of-asian-english-language-learners
#18
Beverly L Smith-Keiling, Lidia K Swanson, Joanne M Dehnbostel
In seeking to support diversity, one challenge lies in adequately supporting and assessing science cognitions in a writing-intensive Biochemistry laboratory course when highly engaged Asian English language learners (Asian ELLs) struggle to communicate and make novice errors in English. Because they may understand advanced science concepts, but are not being adequately assessed for their deeper scientific understanding, we sought and examined interventions. We hypothesized that inquiry strategies, scaffolded learning through peer evaluation, and individualized tools that build writing communication skills would increase confidence...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904543/building-a-partnership-with-a-campus-communication-center
#19
Beth Beason-Abmayr, Jennifer Shade Wilson
Although abundant evidence in STEM education literature emphasizes the incorporation of both primary literature analysis and communication of science into the undergraduate classroom, biology educators are rarely given the necessary support to teach students how to present scientific data from primary literature. Consequently, students often receive limited training in this valuable skill. We report on a collaboration between a biosciences instructor and communication center director who together designed a workshop to teach undergraduate students in a laboratory course to present material from primary literature sources...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904537/creating-successful-campus-partnerships-for-teaching-communication-in-biology-courses-and-labs
#20
Susanne E Hall, Christina Birch
Creating and teaching successful writing and communication assignments for biology undergraduate students can be challenging for faculty trying to balance the teaching of technical content. The growing body of published research and scholarship on effective teaching of writing and communication in biology can help inform such work, but there are also local resources available to support writing within biology courses that may be unfamiliar to science faculty and instructors. In this article, we discuss common on-campus resources biology faculty can make use of when incorporating writing and communication into their teaching...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
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