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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240613/assessing-the-knowledge-skills-and-abilities-of-public-health-professionals-in-big-city-governmental-health-departments
#1
Meghan D McGinty, Brian C Castrucci, Debra M Rios
OBJECTIVE: To identify essential knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) for and characterize gaps in KSAs of professionals working in large, urban health departments. DESIGN: A survey was disseminated to potentially eligible supervisors within 26 of 28 health departments in the largest, most urban jurisdictions in the country. A supervisor was eligible to participate if he or she supervised at least 1 staff member whose highest level of education was a master's degree...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240549/interpreter-mediated-cognitive-assessments-who-wins-and-who-loses
#2
Betty Haralambous, Jean Tinney, Dina LoGiudice, Sook Meng Lee, Xiaoping Lin
OBJECTIVES: The number of people with dementia from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds is increasing dramatically in Australia. Accurate cognitive assessments of people from CALD backgrounds can be achieved with the use of skilled interpreters. This study aimed to explore the experience of interpreter-mediated assessments from the perspectives of clinicians, interpreters and carers. METHODS: Consultations with interpreters, clinicians and carers were conducted through individual interviews and focus groups...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240463/assessing-the-validity-of-a-multidisciplinary-mini-clinical-evaluation-exercise
#3
Susan Humphrey-Murto, Mylène Côté, Debra Pugh, Timothy J Wood
Construct: The purpose of this study was to provide validity evidence for the mini-clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX) as an assessment tool for clinical skills in the workplace. BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated validity evidence for the mini-CEX, but most studies were carried out in internal medicine or single disciplines, therefore limiting generalizability of the findings. If the mini-CEX is to be used in multidisciplinary contexts, then validity evidence should be gathered in similar settings...
December 14, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238542/broadening-the-voice-of-science-promoting-scientific-communication-in-the-undergraduate-classroom
#4
Lauren A Cirino, Zachary Emberts, Paul N Joseph, Pablo E Allen, David Lopatto, Christine W Miller
Effective and accurate communication of scientific findings is essential. Unfortunately, scientists are not always well trained in how to best communicate their results with other scientists nor do all appreciate the importance of speaking with the public. Here, we provide an example of how the development of oral communication skills can be integrated with research experiences at the undergraduate level. We describe our experiences developing, running, and evaluating a course for undergraduates that complemented their existing undergraduate research experiences with instruction on the nature of science and intensive training on the development of science communication skills...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237783/biographical-feature-richard-b-tom-thomson-jr-ph-d-d-abmm-f-aam
#5
Erik Munson
"The previous era was characterized by house staff laboratories in every ward, and house staff and attending physicians often spent long periods performing a diagnostic examination of the expectorated sputum specimen, which had been obtained with great care and plated for prompt incubation in incubators on the ward. Therapeutic decisions were generally based on these results. During the past 30 years, there has been a notable decline in the quality of this exercise. Some of this decline can be ascribed to the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988, which required that staff have credentials to interpret Gram stains of any specimens, thus essentially eliminating the house staff laboratory...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237275/an-exploratory-longitudinal-study-of-social-and-language-outcomes-in-children-with-autism-in-bilingual-home-environments
#6
Vanessa Zhou, Jeffrey A Munson, Jessica Greenson, Yan Hou, Sally Rogers, Annette M Estes
Little is known about outcomes of early intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder reared in bilingual homes. There are concerns that social communication deficits among children with autism spectrum disorder may reduce the developmental benefits of early intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder raised in bilingual environments. We conducted an exploratory analysis of cross-sectional and longitudinal data from a larger study to explore associations between home language environment and language ability and social skills in response to early autism spectrum disorder intervention...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235909/the-role-of-balint-group-training-in-the-professional-and-personal-development-of-family-medicine-residents
#7
Marty Player, John R Freedy, Vanessa Diaz, Clive Brock, Alexander Chessman, Carolyn Thiedke, Alan Johnson
This paper presents a study based on the participation of PGY2 and PGY3 family medicine residents in Balint seminars that occurred twice monthly for 24 months. Balint groups were cofacilitated by leader pairs experienced with the Balint method. Prior to residency graduation, 18 of 19 eligible resident physicians (94.5%) completed 30- to 60-min semistructured interviews conducted by a research assistant. Resident physicians were told that these individual interviews concerned "…how we teach communication in residency...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235405/mapping-the-balint-groups-to-the-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-family-medicine-competencies
#8
Albert Lichtenstein, Jumana Antoun, Chris Rule, Katherine Knowlton, Jeffrey Sternlieb
Introduction Balint group discussions provide learning opportunities for many of the competencies and milestones put forward by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. The current literature is mixed concerning the effect of Balint groups on communication skills and professionalism. Aim To map the content of the Balint discussion to the competencies and milestones put forward by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. METHODOLOGY: A group who were both experts in Balint and members of the clinical competency committee of residency programs rated narratives that summarized Balint group discussions...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234739/effects-of-cross-rearing-with-social-peers-on-myelination-in-the-medial-prefrontal-cortex-of-a-mouse-model-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Manabu Makinodan, Kazuki Okumura, Daisuke Ikawa, Yasunori Yamashita, Kazuhiko Yamamuro, Michihiro Toritsuka, Sohei Kimoto, Takahira Yamauchi, Takashi Komori, Yoshinori Kayashima, Hiroki Yoshino, Akio Wanaka, Toshifumi Kishimoto
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired social interaction, poor communication skills, and repetitive/restrictive behaviors. Recent studies have indicated that early rehabilitative intervention can alleviate the symptoms of individuals with ASD. However, it remains unknown whether rehabilitative intervention can restore brain structures such as myelin, which generally shows abnormalities in individuals with ASD. Therefore, in the present study, we used a mouse model of ASD (BTBR mice) that demonstrated asocial behaviors and hypomyelination in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) to investigate whether interaction with social peers (C57BL/6J mice) has an effect on myelination...
November 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234050/a-different-vision-of-dyslexia-local-precedence-on-global-perception
#10
Sandro Franceschini, Sara Bertoni, Tiziana Gianesini, Simone Gori, Andrea Facoetti
Individuals perceive the wor(l)d hierarchically. Firsty, the global visual scene is processed by the right hemisphere, and later, the local features are perceived by the left hemisphere. Based on this hierarchical analysis, humans evolved unique communication ability: reading. However, for about 10% of people reading acquisition is extremely difficult, they are affected by a heritable neurodevelopmental disorder called dyslexia. Differences in perceiving the wor(l)d might be one of the causes of reading disabilities...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233583/diagnostic-approach-to-the-acute-abdomen
#11
REVIEW
Gilles Fecteau, André Desrochers, David Francoz, Sylvain Nichols
The acute abdomen is a term used to characterize an animal presented as an emergency, in a more or less severe critical state, and for which medical and possibly surgical treatment will be necessary. To succeed, the clinician should use a systematic approach, have an excellent knowledge of the bovine abdominal anatomy, and have a good understanding of the pathophysiology of abdominal pain. Good clinical judgment, critical analysis, and good client communication skills are also essential. This article presents and discusses those necessary skills in the context of field practice...
December 9, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233450/interprofessional-education-and-distance-education-a-review-and-appraisal-of-the-current-literature
#12
REVIEW
Livia R M McCutcheon, Saeed K Alzghari, Young R Lee, William G Long, Robyn Marquez
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education (IPE) is becoming essential for students and healthcare professionals. An evolving approach to implement it is via distance education. Distance education can provide a viable solution to deliver IPE in a variety of settings. METHODS: A literature search on PubMed and Academic Search Complete databases was conducted, revealing 478 articles ranging from the years of 1971-2015. The articles were screened for relevance using the following inclusion criteria: 1) Is this study implementing IPE? 2) Is this study utilizing the instructional delivery method of distance education? 3) Does this study contain students from two or more healthcare professions? RESULTS: Fifteen studies met the inclusion criteria and were systematically analyzed to identify data relevant for this review...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233435/creation-of-an-active-learning-healthcare-communications-course-using-simulations-relevant-to-pharmacy-practice
#13
Izabela A Collier, David M Baker
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this project was to design and develop a health care communications course built around practice-like simulations and active learning in the first year of a professional pharmacy program. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: A three-credit health care communications course was divided into one didactic (two hours per week) and three simulation components (one hour per week). The simulation components consisted of one written patient education pamphlet, three group presentations, and three one-on-one patient counseling sessions...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233434/assessing-students-knowledge-regarding-the-roles-and-responsibilities-of-a-pharmacist-with-focus-on-care-transitions-through-simulation
#14
Erini S Serag-Bolos, Aimon C Miranda, Shyam R Gelot, Sheetal P Dharia, Kristy M Shaeer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of a pharmacist-focused transitions of care (TOC) simulation on students' perceptions and knowledge of pharmacist roles in the healthcare continuum. Educational Activity and Setting: Two simulations, highlighting pharmacist roles in various practice settings, were conducted within the Pharmaceutical Skills courses in the third-year doctor of pharmacy curriculum. Patient cases were built utilizing electronic medical records (EMR). Students' knowledge was assessed before and after the simulations regarding pharmacist involvement in medication reconciliation, reduction in patient readmissions, reduction of inappropriate medication use, roles and communication on an interprofessional team, and involvement with health information technology (HIT) during care transitions...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233421/motivations-career-aspiration-and-learning-experience-of-students-in-the-pharmacy-program-at-kuwait-university-a-tool-to-guide-curriculum-development
#15
Abdelmoneim Awad, Asmaa Al-Haqan, Pierre Moreau
PURPOSE: To determine students' motivating factors in the choice of pharmacy, career aspirations, and perceptions about learning experiences in the current pharmacy curriculum. ACTIVITY: A descriptive cross-sectional survey of pharmacy students was performed at Kuwait University FINDINGS: The most common reason to pursue pharmacy was that they were not admitted to medicine or dentistry (40.5%). About half of students were seeing themselves employed in hospital pharmacies immediately after graduation...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233419/implementation-and-impact-of-a-chronic-kidney-disease-elective-for-second-year-pharmacy-students
#16
Christina H Sherrill
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pharmacists can make a great impact on the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD), which is a highly prevalent and costly disorder. This article describes the implementation and impact of a CKD elective course for second-year pharmacy students, which aimed to expose students to CKD and enhance their ability to care for these patients. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Topics associated with CKD were covered in a fifteen-week, three credit hour course...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233410/teaching-students-to-become-effective-educators-through-an-academic-elective-course
#17
Kimberly K Daugherty, Meghan Bodenberg
INTRODUCTION: 2013 CAPE outcomes and 2016 ACPE accreditation standards state student graduates should be "able to educate all audiences by determining the most effective and enduring ways to impart information and assess learning". RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe the implementation of a professional elective that achieves this outcome and improves students' abilities to teach, communicate, and conduct peer and self-assessment...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233394/validity-and-reliability-of-an-application-review-process-using-dedicated-reviewers-in-one-stage-of-a-multi-stage-admissions-model
#18
Jacqueline M Zeeman, Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Wendy C Cox
INTRODUCTION: With increased emphasis placed on non-academic skills in the workplace, a need exists to identify an admissions process that evaluates these skills. This study assessed the validity and reliability of an application review process involving three dedicated application reviewers in a multi-stage admissions model. METHODS: A multi-stage admissions model was utilized during the 2014-2015 admissions cycle. After advancing through the academic review, each application was independently reviewed by two dedicated application reviewers utilizing a six-construct rubric (written communication, extracurricular and community service activities, leadership experience, pharmacy career appreciation, research experience, and resiliency)...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233385/traditional-lecture-versus-jigsaw-learning-method-for-teaching-medication-therapy-management-mtm-core-elements
#19
Jennifer A Wilson, Angela H Pegram, Dawn M Battise, April M Robinson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To determine if traditional didactic lecture or the jigsaw learning method is more effective to teach the medication therapy management (MTM) core elements in a first year pharmacy course. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Traditional didactic lecture and a pre-class reading assignment were used in the fall semester cohort, and the jigsaw method was used in the spring semester cohort. Jigsaw is a cooperative learning strategy requiring students to assume responsibility for learning, and subsequently teaching peers...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233318/a-course-for-developing-interprofessional-skills-in-pre-professional-honor-students-using-humanities-and-media
#20
Therese I Poirier, Connie Stamper-Carr, Kate Newman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To design and implement an undergraduate honors course for pre-health professional students that develops interpersonal skills through use of a variety of humanities. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: A three credit hour course in an honors seminar sequence was developed by pharmacy practice faculty and with input from faculty in mass communications, philosophy, applied communication studies and history. The course utilized a variety of media such as literature, film, and podcasts to foster student discussion about a variety of health-related topics...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
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