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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932935/-%C3%A2-they-think-we-are-conversing-so-we-don-t-care-about-them%C3%A2-examining-the-causes-of-workplace-violence-against-nurses-in-ghana
#1
Isaac Mensah Boafo
BACKGROUND: This study is part of a larger project aimed at exploring the workplace experiences of nurses working in public general hospitals in Ghana. The current paper explores the causes of workplace violence against nurses in Ghana. METHODS: Twenty-four semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with professional nurses working in five regions of Ghana. They were selected through purposive and participant-to-participant snowball sampling techniques. Data was analysed through thematic analyses...
2016: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932630/hospital-doctors-understanding-of-use-and-withdrawal-of-the-liverpool-care-pathway-a-qualitative-study-of-practice-based-experiences-during-times-of-change
#2
Sharon Twigger, Sarah J Yardley
BACKGROUND: The Liverpool Care Pathway was used in UK hospitals (late 1990s to July 2014) in an attempt to generate hospice-style high-quality end-of-life care in acute settings. Despite being widely established, there was limited research or contextual evidence regarding this approach or its impact. Growing criticism from the public, media, politicians and healthcare professionals culminated with a critical independent review (July 2013) and subsequent withdrawal of the Liverpool Care Pathway...
December 8, 2016: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932589/sex-and-race-ethnicity-differences-in-following-dietary-and-exercise-recommendations-for-u-s-representative-sample-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#3
Joan A Vaccaro, Fatma G Huffman
This study examined sex by race/ethnicity differences in medical advice received for diet and exercise with corresponding health behaviors of a U.S. representative sample of adults with type 2 diabetes (N = 1,269). Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys for 2011-2014 for 185 Mexican Americans, 123 Other Hispanics, 392 non-Hispanic Blacks, 140 non-Hispanic Asians, and 429 non-Hispanic Whites were analyzed using logistic regression analyses. Reporting being given dietary and exercise advice was positively associated with reporting following the behavior...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927980/child-maltreatment-optimizing-recognition-and-reporting-by-school-nurses
#4
Kathleen S Jordan, Peggy MacKay, Stephanie J Woods
School nurses perform a crucial role in the prevention, identification, intervention, and reporting of child maltreatment. The purpose of this article is to share the highlights of a research project conducted to (a) examine the effectiveness of an educational intervention program in increasing the knowledge, confidence, and self-efficacy in school nurses regarding children at risk of maltreatment; and (b) discover issues surrounding the comfort level engaging with children, communicating with teachers and other personnel, and ethical issues...
December 7, 2016: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927979/caring-for-refugee-youth-in-the-school-setting
#5
Jennifer Leigh Johnson, Joyce Beard, Dena Evans
Annually, over 80,000 refugees enter the United States as a result of political or religious persecution. Of these, approximately 35% to 40% are children and adolescents. Refugees are faced with challenges associated with living conditions, cultural and social norms, and socioeconomic status due to problems occurring in their homelands. These challenges include but are not limited to malnutrition, communicable disease, questionable immunization status, lack of formal education, sexual abuse, violence, torture, human trafficking, homelessness, poverty, and a lack of access to health care...
December 7, 2016: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927685/influences-on-facial-emotion-recognition-in-deaf-children
#6
Francesc Sidera, Anna Amadó, Laura Martínez
This exploratory research is aimed at studying facial emotion recognition abilities in deaf children and how they relate to linguistic skills and the characteristics of deafness. A total of 166 participants (75 deaf) aged 3-8 years were administered the following tasks: facial emotion recognition, naming vocabulary and cognitive ability. The children's teachers or speech therapists also responded to two questionnaires, one on children's linguistic-communicative skills and the other providing personal information...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926808/evaluation-of-communication-and-acceptance-of-the-patients-by-medical-personnel
#7
Anna Włoszczak-Szubzda, Mirosław J Jarosz, Mariusz Goniewicz, Krzysztof Goniewicz
Background: The low level of patient satisfaction recorded in many studies and, at the same time, the level of frustration and burnout, disclosed by medics in the perception of the patient as a ‘problem’, incline to look for the causes of inadequate relationship between physician and patient. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of acceptance of the patient by the medical personnel. The research problem was the acceptance level which was within the range of the communication skills of the nurses and doctors...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926687/an-initiative-to-standardize-the-identification-of-and-acute-response-to-postoperative-lower-extremity-neurological-deficits-effects-on-provider-knowledge-confidence-and-communication-skills
#8
Peter B Derman, Sravisht Iyer, Matthew Garner, Steven Orr, Karla J Felix, Allison Goldberg, Titilayo Ologhobo, Minlun Wu, Laura Robbins, Charles Cornell
BACKGROUND: Although relatively uncommon, neurological deficits following hip and knee arthroplasty can have permanent and debilitating consequences. This study was conducted to quantify the effectiveness of an educational curriculum aimed at standardizing the identification of and acute response to postoperative neurological deficits in the inpatient setting, specifically with respect to improvements in clinician knowledge, confidence levels, and communication skills. METHODS: A multidisciplinary committee at a single, high-volume academic institution created an algorithm delineating the appropriate clinical actions and escalation procedures in the setting of a postoperative neurological deficit for each clinical practitioner involved in care for patients who undergo arthroplasty...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925371/effective-visual-design-and-communication-practices-for-research-posters-exemplars-based-on-the-theory-and-practice-of-multimedia-learning-and-rhetoric
#9
Rhianna K Pedwell, James A Hardy, Susan L Rowland
Evidence shows that science graduates often do not have the communication skills they need to meet workplace standards and expectations. One common mode of science communication is the poster. In a review of the literature we show that poster design is historically problematic, and that the guidance provided to students as they create posters for assessment is frequently inconsistent. To address this inconsistency we provide some guiding design principles for posters that are grounded in communication theory and the fundamentals of rhetoric...
December 7, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923777/parent-and-clinician-preferences-for-an-asthma-app-to-promote-adolescent-self-management-a-formative-study
#10
Lorie L Geryk, Courtney A Roberts, Adam J Sage, Tamera Coyne-Beasley, Betsy L Sleath, Delesha M Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Most youth asthma apps are not designed with parent and clinician use in mind, and rarely is the app development process informed by parent or clinician input. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to generate formative data on the use, attitudes, and preferences for asthma mHealth app features among parents and clinicians, the important stakeholders who support adolescents with asthma and promote adolescent self-management skills. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods study from 2013 to 2014 employing a user-centered design philosophy to acquire feedback from a convenience sample of 20 parents and 6 clinicians...
December 6, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923641/expanded-pharmacy-technician-roles-accepting-verbal-prescriptions-and-communicating-prescription-transfers
#11
Timothy P Frost, Alex J Adams
As the role of the clinical pharmacist continues to develop and advance, it is critical to ensure pharmacists can operate in a practice environment and workflow that supports the full deployment of their clinical skills. When pharmacy technician roles are optimized, patient safety can be enhanced and pharmacists may dedicate more time to advanced clinical services. Currently, 17 states allow technicians to accept verbal prescriptions called in by a prescriber or prescriber's agent, or transfer a prescription order from one pharmacy to another...
November 29, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923153/bilingual-toddlers-have-advanced-abilities-to-repair-communication-failure
#12
Stephanie Wermelinger, Anja Gampe, Moritz M Daum
Recent research has demonstrated enhanced communicative abilities in bilingual children compared with monolingual children throughout childhood and in a variety of domains. The processes underlying these advantages are, however, not well understood. It has been suggested that one aspect that particularly stimulates bilinguals' communication skills is their daily experience with challenging communication. In the current study, we investigated whether children's assumed experience with communication failures would increase their skills when it came to repairing communication failure...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922758/the-feasibility-of-implementing-a-communication-skills-training-course-in-pediatric-hematology-oncology-fellowship
#13
Lauren Weintraub, Lisa Figueiredo, Michael Roth, Adam Levy
Communication skills are a competency highlighted by the Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education; yet, little is known about the frequency with which trainees receive formal training or what programs are willing to invest. We sought to answer this question and designed a program to address identified barriers. We surveyed pediatric fellowship program directors from all disciplines and, separately, pediatric hematology/oncology fellowship program directors to determine current use of formal communication skills training...
December 6, 2016: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922462/fostering-evidence-based-quality-improvement-for-patient-centered-medical-homes-initiating-local-quality-councils-to-transform-primary-care
#14
Susan E Stockdale, Jessica Zuchowski, Lisa V Rubenstein, Negar Sapir, Elizabeth M Yano, Lisa Altman, Jacqueline J Fickel, Skye McDougall, Timothy Dresselhaus, Alison B Hamilton
BACKGROUND: Although the patient-centered medical home endorses quality improvement principles, methods for supporting ongoing, systematic primary care quality improvement have not been evaluated. We introduced primary care quality councils at six Veterans Health Administration sites as an organizational intervention with three key design elements: (a) fostering interdisciplinary quality improvement leadership, (b) establishing a structured quality improvement process, and (c) facilitating organizationally aligned frontline quality improvement innovation...
December 3, 2016: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920347/effectiveness-of-pediatric-palliative-care-education-on-pediatric-clinicians
#15
Niang-Huei Peng, Cheng-Han Lee, Min-Chun Lee, Li-Chi Huang, Yue-Cune Chang, Joetta DeSwarte-Wallace
A lack of knowledge and skills in pediatric palliative care may create hesitation in caring for children with serious life-threatening conditions and their families. Our research examined the effectiveness of pediatric palliative care training for pediatric clinicians. A pretest-posttest study provided educational training in pediatric palliative care to pediatric clinicians and used a pretest and a posttest to assess outcomes. Fifty pediatric clinicians attended this research with 83.3% response rate. After training, participants reported significantly increased confidence in a variety of areas, including providing emotional support to clinicians, personal knowledge, skills, and communication; ethical and legal concerns; and providing emotional support to dying children and their families...
December 5, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920117/reliability-and-validity-of-the-dutch-version-of-the-consultation-and-relational-empathy-measure-in-primary-care
#16
Inge van Dijk, Nick Scholten Meilink Lenferink, Peter L B J Lucassen, Stewart W Mercer, Chris van Weel, Tim C Olde Hartman, Anne E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: Empathy is an essential skill in doctor-patient communication with positive effects on compliance, patient satisfaction and symptom duration. There are no validated patient-rated empathy measures available in Dutch. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the validity and reliability of a Dutch version of the Consultation and Relational Empathy (CARE) Measure, a widely used 10-item patient-rated questionnaire of physician empathy. METHODS: After translation and back translation, the Dutch CARE Measure was distributed among patients from 19 general practitioners in 5 primary care centers...
December 5, 2016: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918849/the-relationship-between-health-literacy-and-health-conceptualizations-an-exploratory-study-of-elementary-school-aged-children
#17
Krishna Bhagat, Donna E Howard, Linda Aldoory
Analyzing children's conceptualizations of health and body and health literacy will significantly add understanding to how problematic health attitudes and behaviors may take root (Driessnack, Chung, Perkhounkova, & Hein, 2014). The knowledge gained from such an assessment can be applied towards communication contexts that aim to promote children's health literacy and their well-being. With increased health literacy, children can actively participate in decision-making regarding their own health and can understand why healthy behaviors are important to adult health (Borzekowski, 2009)...
December 5, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918841/community-effectiveness-rct-of-a-comprehensive-psychosocial-treatment-for-high-functioning-children-with-asd
#18
Marcus L Thomeer, Christopher Lopata, James P Donnelly, Adam Booth, Andrew Shanahan, Veronica Federiconi, Christin A McDonald, Jonathan D Rodgers
This community effectiveness randomized clinical trial examined the feasibility and effectiveness of a comprehensive psychosocial treatment, summerMAX, when implemented by a community agency. Fifty-seven high-functioning children (48 male, 9 female), ages 7-12 years with autism spectrum disorder participated in this study. The 5-week summerMAX treatment included instruction and therapeutic activities targeting social/social-communication skills, interpretation of nonliteral language skills, face-emotion recognition skills, and interest expansion...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918746/use-of-the-universal-pain-assessment-tool-for-evaluating-pain-associated-with-tmd-in-youngsters-with-an-intellectual-disability
#19
G Dugashvili, L Van den Berghe, G Menabde, M Janelidze, L Marks
BACKGROUND: The Universal Pain Assessment Tool (UPAT) was used to assess the level of pain in people with limited communication skills. The UPAT enables clinicians to consult a specialized pain management team more often and lead to earlier interventions. The purpose of this study was to determine, whether the UPAT could be used as an extra tool to collect data on functional TMJ pain and to assess orofacial pain levels related to temporomandibular disorder(s) (TMD) in people with intellectual disabilities (ID)...
December 6, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918336/resident-physicians-improve-nontechnical-skills-when-on-operating-room-management-and-leadership-rotation
#20
Devon C Cole, Christopher R Giordano, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Brenda G Fahy
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiology residency primarily emphasizes the development of medical knowledge and technical skills. Yet, nontechnical skills (NTS) are also vital to successful clinical practice. Elements of NTS are communication, teamwork, situational awareness, and decision making. METHODS: The first 10 consecutive senior residents who chose to participate in this 2-week elective rotation of operating room (OR) management and leadership training were enrolled in this study, which spanned from March 2013 to March 2015...
December 1, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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