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Superior mesenteric artery(SMA)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689953/the-significance-of-the-angle-between-superior-mesenteric-artery-and-aorta-in-spontaneous-isolated-superior-mesenteric-artery-dissection
#1
Zhongyin Wu, Jie Yi, Huanming Xu, Wei Guo, Lijun Wang, Duanduan Chen, Jiang Xiong
OBJECTIVE: To assess the significance of the angle between superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and distal aorta in spontaneous isolated superior mesenteric artery dissection (SISMAD) by clinical and biomechanical analyses. METHODS: 37 patients with SISMAD (one asymptomatic) and 148 controls (1:4 matched for age [mean, 50.2 years], gender [92% male], and body mass index; and being ruled out for arterial disease) underwent aortic computed tomography angiography. SMA-distal aorta angle, measured on sagittal plane, was compared along with baseline characteristics (body mass index, smoking history and comorbidities) between groups; and assessed as tool to evaluate SISMAD risk after stratification into four angle-interval categories...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689945/chimney-stent-graft-repair-for-concurrent-inferior-mesenteric-artery-aneurysm-and-infra-renal-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-case-report
#2
Zhen Wei Choo, Zhiwen Joseph Lo, Chun Hai Tan, Sundeep Punamiya, Sriram Narayanan
PURPOSE: To report a rare case of concurrent inferior mesenteric aortic (IMA) aneurysm and infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with a novel indication for the use of chimney-stent graft technique in this patient. CASE REPORT: 82-year-old man with an asymptomatic 4.4-cm fusiform AAA and 3.6-cm IMA aneurysm, coupled with chronic occlusion of celiac artery (CA) and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) at the ostia, underwent endovascular repair of both aneurysms...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688313/laparoscopic-management-of-a-complicated-case-of-wilkie-s-syndrome-a-case-report
#3
Yehya Khodear, Wisam Al-Ramli, Zsolt Bodnar
INTRODUCTION: Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome also known as Wilkie's syndrome is a rare condition caused by the entrapment of the third part of the duodenum between the aorta and the SMA. The incidence of Wilkie's syndrome range between 0.013% and 0.3%. The normal angle between the aorta and SMA has been described to range between 38° and 65°, whereas in Wilkie's syndrome this angle is reduced to less than 20° causing gastric outlet obstruction. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a previously diagnosed 43 year-old male with SMA syndrome, whom had been conservatively managed for 5-years for recurrent admissions with symptoms of gastric outlet obstruction...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679320/a-rare-case-of-non-traumatic-acute-intraabdominal-hemorrhage-ruptured-superior-mesenteric-artery-aneurysm
#4
Ersin Borazan, Latif Yılmaz, Alper Aytekin, Gökhan Gökaslan, Selim Kervancıoğlu
INTRODUCTION: Rupture of superior mesenteric artery aneurysm (SMAA) is a very rare and life-threatening condition, presenting with acute intraabdominal hemorrhage. CASE: The patient was hospitalized upon complaint of nonspecific severe abdominal pain. Diagnosis of SMAA was established by abdominal Doppler ultrasound that showed a pseudo-aneurysmal lesion with size of 76 × 47 mm at the superior mesenteric main branch. Endovascular stenting was not performed because of the wide neck in the segment of the jejunal branches from SMA and the risk of branch loss during treatment...
July 6, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660836/superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-a-single-centre-experience-of-laparoscopic-duodenojejunostomy-as-the-operation-of-choice
#5
G C Kirby, E R Faulconer, S J Robinson, A Perry, R Downing
INTRODUCTION The superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome, or Wilkie's syndrome, is a rare cause of postprandial epigastric pain, vomiting and weight loss caused by compression of the third part of the duodenum as it passes beneath the proximal superior mesenteric artery. The syndrome may be precipitated by sudden weight loss secondary to other pathologies, such as trauma, malignancy or eating disorders. Diagnosis is confirmed by angiography, which reveals a reduced aorto-SMA angle and distance, and contrast studies showing duodenal obstruction...
July 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654851/a-colovesical-fistula-with-a-persistent-descending-mesocolon-due-to-partial-situs-inversus-a-case-report
#6
Tetsuya Mochizuki, Hirofumi Tazawa, Yuzo Hirata, Yoshio Kuga, Tomohiro Miwata, Sotaro Fukuhara, Kouki Imaoka, Seiji Fujisaki, Mamoru Takahashi, Saburo Fukuda, Toshihiro Nishida, Hideto Sakimoto
INTRODUCTION: Situs inversus viscerum, a congenital condition in which the visceral organs are a mirror image of their normal physiological positions, could be total or partial. Persistent descending mesocolon (PDM) is a congenital anomaly that is asymptomatic because of its short length. PDM causing intestinal obstruction is a known clinical complication. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 74-year-old woman presented with pneumaturia and enteruria for two months, and recurrent cystitis for a month...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637997/positional-relationships-of-abdominal-aortic-branches-for-contrast-radiography-of-the-inferior-mesenteric-artery-using-the-coeliac-trunk-and-superior-mesenteric-artery-as-landmarks
#7
Yusuke Nakayama, Shogo Hayashi, Kyoko Takeuchi, Shinichi Kawata, Ning Qu, Masahiro Itoh
PURPOSE: To establish a method by which angiography of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) can be performed smoothly, we investigated the relative locations of the coeliac trunk (CT), superior mesenteric artery (SMA), IMA, and left renal artery (LtRA). METHODS: From a total of 60 cadavers, 32 cadavers with few arteriosclerotic lesions and little vascular tortuosity were selected for the study. The abdominal aorta (Ao) were removed and incised on both lateral side, along the vertical axis and transected into the ventral and dorsal sides...
2017: Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634319/common-hepatic-artery-quadrifurcation-associated-with-right-hepatic-artery-from-superior-mesenteric-artery-during-laparoscopic-total-splenopancreasectomy
#8
Francesco Caruso, Giorgio Alessandri, Francesca Ciccarese, Giovanni Cesana, Matteo Uccelli, Giorgio Castello, Roberta Villa, Stefano Olmi
Hepatobiliopancreatic surgery is challenging becouse of the complexity of resections and reconstructions and variability of vascular anatomy. The arterial vascularization of the liver is susteined by the common hepatic artery (CHA) that originates from the celiac trunk (CT). The CHA bifurcates into the gastroduodenal artery (GDA) and proper hepatic artery (PHA) 0.5-1 cm medial to the common bile duct (CBD), and the PHA bifurcates into a right and a left branch at hepatic hilum. The most frequent variants are the right hepatic artery (RHA) from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA), the left hepatic artery (LHA) from the left gastric artery (LGA) or a combination of these two variants...
June 12, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602156/fractured-superior-mesenteric-artery-stent-with-stent-displacement-leading-to-recurrent-symptoms-of-superior-mesenteric-ischemia
#9
Robert Juszkat, Michał Klimont, Magdalena Śliwa, Zbigniew Krasiński
We report a case of a patient with recurrent symptoms of superior mesenteric ischemia 7 months after successful percutaneous angioplasty and implantation of a stent in the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). Stent fracture and stent displacement were observed. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of SMA stent fracture with stent displacement.
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587731/prediction-of-clinical-outcome-using-blood-flow-volume-in-the-superior-mesenteric-artery-in-patients-with-pseudomyxoma-peritonei-treated-by-cytoreductive-surgery
#10
A Dohan, M Barral, C Eveno, R Lo Dico, R Kaci, A Pasteur-Rousseau, P Soyer, M Pocard, P Bonnin
BACKGROUND: Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a rare carcinomatosis limited to the peritoneal cavity, mainly supplied by the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). The only curative treatment is cytoreductive surgery (CRS) associated with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy. This study aimed to evaluate the ability of blood flow volume (BFV) recorded in the SMA using Doppler ultrasonography pre-operatively to predict the extent and resectability of the disease and post-operatively to assess clinical outcome...
May 25, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576908/increase-body-weight-to-treat-superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome
#11
Miguel Nico Albano, Carlos Costa Almeida, João Mendes Louro, Guillermo Martinez
INTRODUCTION: Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome is a rare cause of duodenal obstruction resulting from vascular compression of the third part of the duodenum in the angle between the abdominal aorta and SMA. CASE PRESENTATION: A 19-year-old woman with anorexia nervosa with upper gastrointestinal obstruction symptoms resorted to the emergency department. A diagnosis of SMA syndrome was made. Symptoms were solved with conservative treatment aimed at increase body weight...
June 2, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555503/spontaneous-isolated-dissection-and-atherosclerotic-plaques-of-superior-mesenteric-artery-the-vastly-different-occurrence-site-suggests-the-opposite-haemodynamic-aetiology
#12
Zhi-Gang Min, Hai-Rong Shan, Long Xu, Su Yan, Xue-Xia Sheng, Jian Ji, Zhi-Hong Cao
OBJECTIVE: The development of atherosclerotic plaques and spontaneous isolated dissection (SID) of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) was considered to be related to opposite haemodynamics. The purpose of this study was to compare their occurrence sites and the morphology of the SMA to confirm the haemodynamic aetiologies. METHODS: 57 patients with SID and 64 patients with atherosclerotic plaques were compared about patient characteristics, location of SID and plaque, the distance from lesion to the aortic ostia, SMA branching angle and inlet diameter of the SMA...
June 23, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548010/initial-experience-with-the-6-f-and-8-f-indigo-thrombectomy-system-for-acute-renovisceral-occlusive-events
#13
Theodosios Bisdas, Konstantinos Stavroulakis, Efthymios Beropoulis, Arne Schwindt, Arne Stachmann, Martin Austermann, Giovanni Torsello
PURPOSE: To examine the safety and effectiveness of the new large-bore Indigo thrombectomy catheters to treat patients with acute renovisceral occlusion without the need of thrombolytic agents. METHODS: Between November 2015 and 2016, 7 consecutive patients (mean age 65±5 years; 5 men) with acute renovisceral artery occlusion were treated with the new large-bore (6-F and 8-F) vacuum-assisted thrombectomy catheters. The occluded vessels were 6 renal arteries and 3 superior mesenteric arteries (SMAs); 5 of the 9 thromboses were in bridging stent-grafts associated with branched endografts...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516133/transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-patients-with-celiac-axis-occlusion-using-pancreaticoduodenal-arcade-as-a-challenging-alternative-route
#14
Noha M Attia, Moustafa H M Othman
INTRODUCTION: Celiac axis occlusion is a challenging condition when catheterization of the hepatic artery is required for chemoembolization of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). As a result, the hepatic artery has to be catheterized through the pancreaticoduodenal arcades (PDA) and the gastroduodenal artery (GDA) from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) which is a tortuous course with acute angles and small caliber branches. OBJECTIVE: To assess new techniques for facilitating catheterization of the tortuous PDA and the GDA to reach the proper hepatic artery (PHA) and tumor-feeding branches in patients with celiac axis occlusion undergoing chemoembolization of HCC...
2017: European Journal of Radiology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506477/medical-therapy-and-intervention-do-not-improve-uncomplicated-isolated-mesenteric-artery-dissection-outcomes-over-observation-alone
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jacob W Loeffler, Hideaki Obara, Naoki Fujimura, Paul Bove, Daniel H Newton, Sara L Zettervall, Andre S van Petersen, Robert H Geelkerken, Kristofer M Charlton-Ouw, Sherene Shalhub, Niten Singh, Arnaud Roussel, Natalia O Glebova, Michael P Harlander-Locke, Warren J Gasper, Misty D Humphries, Peter F Lawrence
OBJECTIVE: Isolated dissection of the mesenteric vessels is rare but increasingly recognized. This study aimed to evaluate patient characteristics, primary treatment, and subsequent outcomes of mesenteric dissection using multi-institutional data. METHODS: All patients at participant hospitals between January 2003 and December 2015 with dissection of the celiac artery (or its branches) or dissection of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) were included. Patients with an aortic dissection were excluded...
July 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479427/inferior-mesenteric-artery-aneurysm-complicated-with-occluded-celiac-and-superior-mesenteric-artery-after-replacement-of-thoracoabdominal-aorta-for-chronic-dissected-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#16
Takashi Igarashi, Akihiro Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi Fujimiya, Shinya Takase, Hirono Satokawa, Hitoshi Yokoyama
We report a case of inferior mesenteric artery aneurysm after the replacement of the thoracoabdominal aorta for a chronic dissected thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm in which the celiac artery and superior mesenteric artery were occluded. We performed the resection of the inferior mesenteric artery aneurysm and the revascularization of the superior mesenteric artery, inferior mesenteric artery, and the meandering artery. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful, without bowel ischemia. From the findings of intraoperative flow measurement of the visceral arteries, revascularization of the SMA was judged to be appropriate in this situation...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464576/-laparoscopic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-with-a-novel-artery-first-and-uncinate-process-first-approach-through-treitz-ligament
#17
W T Gao, C H Xi, M Tu, X L Dai, F Guo, J M Chen, J S Wei, Z P Lu, J L Wu, K R Jiang, Y Miao
Objective: To explore the clinical effect of a novel artery first and uncinate process first approach for laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy(LPD), emphasizing the left lateral and posterior dissection of uncinate process (UP) via Treitz ligament approach. Methods: From April to November 2016, 18 patients received LPD with a novel approach in Pancreas Center of the First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University. All patients were diagnosed as pancreatic head or peri-ampulla tumor, without major vessel invasion nor distant metastasis...
May 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461180/giant-symptomatic-aneurysm-secondary-to-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-of-a-main-hepatic-artery-with-aberrant-origin-in-superior-mesenteric-artery
#18
Francisco Javier Peinado Cebria N, Santiago Este Banez Seco, A Ngel Flores-Herrero, Ricardo Montoya Ching, Benito Mendez Feria, Diego Soto Valdés, Maria Pilar Lamarca Mendoza, Antonio Orgaz Pe Rez-Grueso
INTRODUCTION: Hereditary Hemorragic Telangiectasia (HHT) is a rare disease consistent in vascular dysplasias affecting different organs. Liver involvement includes telangiectases, arteriovenous shunting, and ischemic cholangitis, and its prevalence ranges from 8 to 31%. Spontaneous pseudo aneurysms have never been reported associated to HHT. Several variations in the origin of the main hepatic artery (MHA) have been described in large radiological series, and can be found in around 4% of general population...
April 28, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437498/superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-as-a-complication-of-scoliosis-surgery
#19
Philip K Louie, Bryce A Basques, Adam Bitterman, Shalin Shah, Kishan Patel, Isaac Abramchayev, Jonathan Lewin
Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome is a rare and potentially life-threatening complication of scoliosis surgery. The anatomical relationship of the duodenum and the superior mesenteric artery, the correction of angular deformity of the spine, and the normal adolescent growth spurt all contribute to the condition. We report the case of a 14-year-old boy who had a history of idiopathic scoliosis and presented with bilious vomiting that had persisted for 7 days after posterior T9-L4 fusion with instrumentation...
March 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425258/assessment-of-developmental-and-radiological-long-term-outcomeof-children-with-surgically-treated-midgut-volvulus
#20
Ahmet Murat Çakmak, Özlem Boybeyi Türer, Gülnur Göllü Bahadir, Bilge Türedi, Ufuk Ateş, Adalet Elçin Yildiz, Gönül Küçük, Ömer Suat Fitöz, Betül Ulukol, Mustafa Kemal Aslan, Tutku Soyer, Hüseyin Dindar
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim is to evaluate the long-term outcome of asymptomatic patients who underwent surgical correction for midgut volvulus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven patients managed surgically for midgut volvulus in the last 3 years were included. Demographic features, symptoms at presentation, diagnoses, surgical procedures, and complications were recorded. Patients were then contacted for follow-up and evaluation of long-term outcomes. General physical conditions, anthropometric parameters, feeding habits, and defecation histories were evaluated...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
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