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Superior mesenteric artery(SMA)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665296/artery-first-approach-for-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#1
EDITORIAL
Manabu Kawai, Satoshi Hirano, Hiroki Yamaue
"Artery-first approach" for pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) has gained recognition and has spread worldwide since Weitz et al. first used the term in 2010.1 , Division of the pancreatic head from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is traditionally performed during the final step of PD. Artery-first approach, however, has both oncological impact and better surgical technique; resectability can be determined early before committing an irreversible step during PD and blood loss may be reduced by early closure of blood flow into the pancreatic head...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657723/accuracy-of-the-smaller-superior-mesenteric-vein-sign-for-the-detection-of-acute-superior-mesenteric-artery-occlusion
#2
Takaaki Nakano, Toshitaka Ito, Tetsuhiro Takei, Masaaki Takemoto
Aims: The smaller superior mesenteric vein (SMV) sign is a well-known computed tomography (CT) parameter for acute superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusion. This CT sign is potentially beneficial for the early diagnosis of acute SMA occlusion; however, few reports have documented this sign. The present study aimed to determine the accuracy of the smaller SMV sign for the detection of acute SMA occlusion. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed CT images from 20 patients with acute SMA occlusion and 1,216 controls...
April 2018: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630087/evaluation-of-all-surgical-margins-in-pancreatic-resection-specimens-by-proper-grossing-techniques-surgical-pathology-experience-of-285-cases
#3
Özgür Ekinci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review our series of pancreatic resection specimen handling results and focus on the positivity of the tumor in various retroperitoneal surgical margins. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Our archival cases from 2008 to 2018 were retrospectively examined, especially for the surgical margins. The demographics, tumor locations, and the diagnoses were recorded. The state of all of the retropancreatic surgical margins (anterior, posterior, superior, inferior, superior mesenteric vein and artery) were recorded...
April 9, 2018: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625745/evaluation-of-a-single-pass-with-biphasic-intravenous-contrast-medium-injection-ct-protocol-for-the-assessment-of-complications-post-simultaneous-pancreas-kidney-transplant
#4
D Y-F Chung, E M Anderson
AIM: To evaluate the use of a single-pass with biphasic intravenous contrast medium injection computed tomography (CT) protocol to provide diagnostic quality CT studies for the assessment of complications post-simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant (SPK). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an audit of practice and the need for informed consent was waived. The protocol was used in consecutive patients undergoing CT to exclude intra-abdominal sepsis post-SPK between June and December 2015...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622358/arterial-reconstructions-for-pediatric-splanchnic-artery-occlusive-disease
#5
Dawn M Coleman, Jonathan L Eliason, James C Stanley
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric splanchnic arterial occlusive disease is uncommon and a rare cause of clinically relevant intestinal ischemia. This study was undertaken to better define the clinical manifestations and appropriate treatment of celiac artery (CA) and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusive disease in children. METHODS: Clinical courses of 30 consecutive children undergoing operations for splanchnic arterial occlusive disease at the University of Michigan from 1992 to 2017 were retrospectively analyzed...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602996/laparoscopic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-with-major-venous-resection-and-reconstruction-anterior-superior-mesenteric-artery-first-approach
#6
Yunqiang Cai, Pan Gao, Yongbin Li, Xin Wang, Bing Peng
BACKGROUND: The en bloc resection of the superior mesenteric or portal vein with concomitant venous reconstruction may be required in patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer. However, performing laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) with major venous resection and reconstruction is technically challenging. Herein, we introduced a safe and feasible technique to perform LPD with major venous resection. METHODS: Over the period of November 2015 to November 2016, 18 patients underwent laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy with major venous resection and reconstruction using the anterior superior mesenteric artery (SMA)-first approach at our institution...
March 30, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601873/homocysteine-up-regulates-et-b-receptors-via-suppression-of-autophagy-in-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells
#7
Yulong Chen, Hongmei Zhang, Huanhuan Liu, Ke Li, Xingli Su
The change of autophagy is implicated in cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Homocysteine (Hcy) up-regulates endothelin type B (ETB ) receptors in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). However, it is unclear whether autophagy is involved in Hcy-induced-up-regulation of ETB receptors in VSMCs. The present study was designed to examine the hypothesis that Hcy up-regulates ETB receptors by inhibiting autophagy in VSMCs. Hcy treated the rat superior mesenteric artery (SMA) without endothelium in the presence and absence of AICAR, rapamycin or MHY1485 for 24 h...
March 27, 2018: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577212/-associated-vessel-heteromorphosis-in-laparoscopic-complete-mesocolic-excision-and-solutions-to-intraoperative-hemorrhage
#8
Yurong Jiao, Jinjie He, Jun Li, Dong Xu, Kefeng Ding
Vessel identification and dissection are the key processes of laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision (CME). Vascular injury will lead to complications such as prolonged operative time, intraoperative hemorrhage and ischemia of anastomotic stoma. Superior mesenteric artery (SMA), superior mesenteric vein(SMV), gastrointestinal trunk, left colic artery(LCA), sigmoid artery and marginal vessels in the mesentery have been found with possibility of heteromorphosis, which requires better operative techniques. Surgeons should recognize those vessel heteromorphosis carefully during operations and adjust strategies to avoid intraoperative hemorrhage...
March 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558711/pancreas-sparing-and-superior-mesenteric-artery-first-approach-in-duodenal-adenocarcinoma-of-the-fourth-portion-of-duodenum-a-case-report
#9
Marie-Julie Lardinois, Nicolas Meurisse
INTRODUCTION: Peroperative assessment of resectability in pancreas-sparing duodenectomy for distal duodenal (D3-D4) adenocarcinoma is challenging for surgeons. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a 68-year-old man with biopsy-proven adenocarcinoma of the fourth portion of duodenum which had been diagnosed with upper endoscopy and CT. A pancreas-sparing duodenectomy with loco-regional lymph node resection using the superior mesenteric artery first approach was performed...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556768/abdominal-involvement-in-erdheim-chester-disease-ecd-mri-and-ct-imaging-findings-and-their-association-with-braf-v600e-mutation
#10
Moozhan Nikpanah, Lauren Kim, S Mojdeh Mirmomen, Rolf Symons, Ioannis Papageorgiou, William A Gahl, Kevin O'Brien, Juvianee I Estrada-Veras, Ashkan A Malayeri
OBJECTIVES: To use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) to define abdominal involvement in Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD), and to investigate the association between these findings and the BRAFV600E mutation. METHODS: This prospective study was performed on 61 ECD patients (46 men). The MRI and CT imaging studies were reviewed independently by two experienced radiologists. The association between BRAFV600E mutation and imaging findings was analysed using Fisher's exact test, and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals...
March 19, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552983/octopus-endograft-technique-to-treat-a-ruptured-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#11
Zilun Li, Henghui Yin, Mian Wang, Ridong Wu, Chenshu Liu, Chen Yao, Guangqi Chang
PURPOSE: To report the use of the octopus endograft technique to treat a patient with a ruptured thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA). CASE REPORT: A 46-year-old man was diagnosed with a contained rupture of a 9-cm type V TAAA. The presence of an occluded superior mesenteric artery (SMA), a stenotic celiac trunk, an enlarged inferior mesenteric artery (IMA), and rich collaterals with the SMA and celiac trunk made endovascular repair with the octopus endograft technique appear feasible...
April 2018: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552257/approaches-for-safe-transarterial-chemoembolization-of-multifocal-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-retrograde-flow-in-a-retroportal-artery
#12
Souheil Saddekni, Amr Soliman Moustafa, Sherif Moawad, Khalid Mahmoud, Basant Farouk Hamed, Ahmed Kamel Abdel-Aal
We report a case of an 81-year-old woman with multifocal hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent transarterial chemoembolization. The patient had significant superior mesenteric artery (SMA) ostial stenosis, which led to retrograde flow in the retroportal artery to the SMA. The authors adopted several approaches to avoid potential nontarget embolization that might result from the change in the hemodynamics in the hepatoenteric arteries by initially stenting the SMA ostial stenosis as well as the use of the Surefire infusion system and balloon occlusion for delivery of chemoembolization material to tumors in the hepatic lobes...
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538356/abdominal-near-infrared-spectroscopy-in-a-piglet-model-of-gastrointestinal-hypoxia-produced-by-graded-hypoxia-or-superior-mesenteric-artery-ligation
#13
May W Chen, Michael Reyes, Ewa Kulikowicz, Laura Martin, David J Hackam, Raymond C Koehler, Jennifer K Lee
BACKGROUND: Abdominal near-infrared spectroscopy (aNIRS) may detect gastrointestinal hypoxia before necrotizing enterocolitis develops. We sought to validate aNIRS during splanchnic hypoxia and hypoperfusion in neonatal piglets. METHODS: Anesthetized piglets underwent systemic hypoxia or 3-h superior mesenteric artery (SMA) ligation with aNIRS monitoring. RESULTS: During progressive hypoxia, gastrointestinal tissue oxyhemoglobin saturation measured by aNIRS decreased linearly with oxyhemoglobin saturation measured directly in the portal vein...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538229/attenuation-of-endothelial-phosphatidylserine-exposure-decreases-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-changes-in-microvascular-permeability
#14
Aaron Strumwasser, Aditi Bhargava, Gregory P Victorino
INTRODUCTION: Translocation of phosphatidylserine from the inner leaflet to the outer leaflet of the endothelial membrane via phospholipid scramblase-1 (PLSCR1) is an apoptotic signal responsible for the loss of endothelial barrier integrity after ischemia-reperfusion injury. We hypothesized that inhibiting phosphatidylserine expression on endothelial cells would attenuate ischemia-reperfusion (IRI) induced increases in hydraulic permeability (Lp). METHODS: Mesenteric hydraulic permeability (Lp) was measured in rat post-capillary mesenteric venules subjected to IRI via superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusion (45 minutes) and release (300 minutes) in conjunction with several inhibitors of phosphatidylserine exposure as follows: 1) inhibition of PLSCR1 translocation (DTE - dithioerythritol, n=3), 2) inhibition of PLSCR1 membrane trafficking (2-BP - 2-bromopalmitate, n=3), and 3) inhibition of ion exchange necessary for PLSCR1 function (DIDS - 4,4'-Diisothiocyano-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid, n=3)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524386/acidosis-potentiates-endothelium-dependent-vasorelaxation-and-gap-junction-communication-in-the-superior-mesenteric-artery
#15
Ipsita Mohanty, Subas Chandra Parija, Sujit Suklabaidya, Satish Rattan
Extracellular pH is an important physiological determinant of vascular tone that is normally maintained within 7.35-7.45. Any change outside this range leads to severe pathological repercussions. We investigated the unknown effects of extracellular acidosis on relaxation in the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) of goat. SMA rings were employed to maintain isometric contractions at extracellular pH (pHo ) 7.4 and 6.8. We analyzed the effect of acidosis (pHo 6.8) compared to physiological pH (pHo 7.4) on three signaling mediators of endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization: nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin I2 (PGI2 ), and myoendothelial gap junctions (MEGJ)...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523436/persistent-symptom-relief-after-revascularization-in-patients-with-single-artery-chronic-mesenteric-ischemia
#16
Louisa J D van Dijk, Leon M G Moons, Desirée van Noord, Adriaan Moelker, Hence J M Verhagen, Marco J Bruno, Ellen V Rouwet
OBJECTIVE: An isolated stenosis of the celiac artery (CA) or the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is frequently detected in patients with abdominal complaints. The dilemma is whether these patients suffer from chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) and whether they will benefit from revascularization. We evaluated the long-term clinical success rates for single CA or SMA revascularization in patients with gastrointestinal symptoms and confirmed mucosal ischemia. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort analysis of 59 consecutive patients with gastrointestinal symptoms and a single atherosclerotic mesenteric artery stenosis who were referred to our tertiary care institution between 2006 and 2010 for standardized diagnostic workup of CMI, including measurement of mucosal ischemia with visible light spectroscopy or gastric-jejunal tonometry...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494649/the-role-of-multislice-computed-tomography-msct-angiography-in-the-diagnosis-and-therapy-of-non-occlusive-mesenteric-ischemia-nomi-could-msct-replace-dsa-in-diagnosis
#17
Sara Kammerer, Christoph Schuelke, Shoma Berkemeyer, Aglae Velasco, Walter Heindel, Michael Koehler, Boris Buerke
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of multislice-CT (MSCT) during diagnosis and therapeutic decision-making in patients with suspected non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI). METHODS: Retrospective, institutional review board-approved study of 30 patients (20 men, 10 women, mean age 64.6±14.2 years, range 24-87 years) undergoing biphasic abdominal MSCT followed by digital subtraction angiography (DSA) due to suspected NOMI. MSCT and DSA were qualitatively and quantitatively evaluated independently by two radiologists with respect to the possible diagnosis of NOMI...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484553/approaching-the-superior-mesenteric-artery-from-the-right-side-using-the-proximal-dorsal-jejunal-vein-preisolation-method-during-laparoscopic-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#18
Yuichi Nagakawa, Yuichi Hosokawa, Yatsuka Sahara, Chie Takishita, Yosuke Hijikata, Hiroaki Osakabe, Tetsushi Nakajima, Tomoki Shirota, Kenji Katsumata, Masafumi Nakamura, Akihiko Tsuchida
BACKGROUND: Although the artery-first approach is widely used in open pancreaticoduodenectomy, it is difficult to laparoscopically expose the origin of the inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery (IPDA) from the left side of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). By contrast, damaging the inferior pancreaticoduodenal veins (IPDVs) is possible when approaching the IPDA from the right side of the SMA. To facilitate the artery-first approach in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD), we focused on the proximal-dorsal jejunal vein (PDJV) that branched from the superior mesenteric vein (SMV) dorsal side and drained the IPDVs...
February 26, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475213/modified-multivisceral-transplantation-with-native-spleen-removal-in-rats
#19
Pablo Stringa, Nidia Monserrat Arreola, Ane M Andres Moreno, Carlota Largo, Martín Rumbo, Francisco Hernandez
BACKGROUND:  Modified multivisceral transplantation (MMVTx) refers to the use of a graft that includes all abdominal organs except the liver. The use of this type of transplant in children and adults expanded over the last years with good results. However, long-term survival in experimental models has not been reported. Our aim is to describe in detail some technical modifications of MMVTx to obtain long-term survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Syngeneic (Lewis-Lewis) heterotopic MMVTx was performed in 16 male rats (180-250 g)...
February 23, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469635/in-the-experimental-model-of-acute-mesenteric-ischemia-the-correlation-of-blood-diagnostic-parameters-with-the-duration-of-ischemia-and-their-effects-on-choice-of-treatment
#20
Mikail Cakir, Dogan Yildirim, Fatma Sarac, Turgut Donmez, Semih Mirapoglu, Adnan Hut, Fazilet Erozgen, Omer Faruk Ozer, Melih Ozgun Gecer, Leyla Zeynep Tigrel, Oguzhan Tas
Purpose/Aim: Acute mesenteric ischemia is a syndrome characterized by sudden onset abdominal pain followed by intestinal necrosis. Morbidity and mortality increase with delayed diagnosis. Even with the latest radiological diagnostic methods, early diagnosis and initiation of treatment can be delayed. Using an experimental model, here we aim to determine the relationship between the laboratory parameters used to detect acute mesenteric ischemia and the duration of irreversible ischemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 male Wistar albino rats were divided into five groups, all of which underwent general anesthesia: (i) Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) dissection with laparotomy was performed, and blood samples and intestinal segment samples were taken after 2 hr (Sham group); (ii) volvulus of one-third of the small intestines was performed manually by laparotomy, and blood samples and intestinal segment samples were taken after 2 hr (Volvulus group); (iii) SMA was ligated with laparotomy, and blood samples and intestinal segment samples were taken after 2 hr (SMA+ligated 2-hr group); (iv) SMA was ligated with laparotomy, and blood samples and intestinal segment samples were taken after 4 hr (SMA+ligated 4-hr group); and (v) SMA was ligated with laparotomy, and blood samples and intestinal segment samples were taken after 6 hr (SMA+ligated 6-hr group)...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
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