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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211649/insufficient-sleep-in-adolescents-causes-and-consequences
#1
Judith A Owens, Miriam R Weiss
Insufficient sleep poses an important and complicated set of health risks in the adolescent population. Not only is deficient sleep (defined as both sleep duration inadequate to meet sleep needs and sleep timing misaligned with the body's circadian rhythms) at epidemic levels in this population, but the contributing factors are both complex and numerous and there are a myriad of negative physical and mental health, safety and performance consequences. Causes of inadequate sleep identified in this population include internal biological processes such as the normal shift (delay) in circadian rhythm that occurs in association with puberty and a developmentally-based slowing of the "sleep drive", and external factors including extracurricular activities, excessive homework load, evening use of electronic media, caffeine intake and early school start times...
February 17, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208800/help-seeking-in-suicidal-situations-paramount-and-yet-challenging-interactions-between-significant-others-of-suicidal-persons-and-health-care-providers
#2
Dolores Angela Castelli Dransart, Sophie Guerry
Significant others are often crucial for suicidal persons or suicide attempters' access to care, yet little is known about their efforts to seek help. This article presents the findings of a qualitative pilot study carried out in Switzerland on the help-seeking process of 18 significant others, their perception of the care received by their loved one, and the interactions and collaboration they experienced with professionals. Most significant others repeatedly sought out support for their loved one and themselves...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192455/suicide-risk-in-a-representative-sample-of-people-receiving-hiv-care-time-to-target-most-at-risk-populations-anrs-vespa2-french-national-survey
#3
Maria Patrizia Carrieri, Fabienne Marcellin, Lisa Fressard, Marie Préau, Luis Sagaon-Teyssier, Marie Suzan-Monti, Valérie Guagliardo, Marion Mora, Perrine Roux, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Bruno Spire
BACKGROUND: Suicide risk is high among people living with HIV (PLHIV). This study aimed to identify major correlates of suicide risk in a representative sample of PLHIV in France, in order to help target individuals who would benefit from suicide risk screening and psychiatric care. METHODS: The ANRS VESPA2 cross-sectional survey (April 2011-January 2012) collected socio-demographic, medical and behavioral data from 3,022 PLHIV recruited in 73 French HIV hospital departments...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181332/impact-of-universal-health-coverage-on-suicide-risk-in-newly-diagnosed-cancer-patients-population-based-cohort-study-from-1985-to-2007-in-taiwan
#4
Po-Hsien Lin, Shih-Cheng Liao, I-Ming Chen, Po-Hsiu Kuo, Jia-Chi Shan, Ming-Been Lee, Wei J Chen
BACKGROUND: National Health Insurance (NHI), launched in 1995 in Taiwan, lightens patient's financial burdens but its effect on the suicide risk in cancer patients is unclear. We aimed to investigate the impacts of the NHI on the suicide in newly diagnosed cancer patients. METHODS: We identified patients with newly diagnosed cancer from the nationwide Taiwan Cancer Registration from 1985 to 2007, and ascertained suicide deaths from the national database of registered deaths between 1985 and 2009...
February 8, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163498/psychometric-properties-and-correlates-of-the-beck-hopelessness-scale-in-family-caregivers-of-nigerian-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders-in-southwestern-nigeria
#5
Olutayo Aloba, Olayinka Ajao, Taiwo Alimi, Olufemi Esan
OBJECTIVES: To examine the construct and correlates of hopelessness among family caregivers of Nigerian psychiatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive study involving 264 family caregiver-patients' dyads recruited from two university teaching hospitals psychiatric clinics in Southwestern Nigeria. RESULTS: Exploratory factor analysis revealed a two-factor 9-item model of the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) among the family caregivers...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153649/lifetime-economic-burden-of-rape-among-u-s-adults
#6
Cora Peterson, Sarah DeGue, Curtis Florence, Colby N Lokey
INTRODUCTION: This study estimated the per-victim U.S. lifetime cost of rape. METHODS: Data from previous studies was combined with current administrative data and 2011 U.S. National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey data in a mathematical model. Rape was defined as any lifetime completed or attempted forced penetration or alcohol- or drug-facilitated penetration, measured among adults not currently institutionalized. Costs included attributable impaired health, lost productivity, and criminal justice costs from the societal perspective...
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142384/the-cumulative-burden-of-mental-substance-use-and-general-medical-disorders-and-rehospitalization-and-mortality-after-an-injury
#7
Douglas F Zatzick, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Jin Wang, Joan Russo, Doyanne Darnell, Leah Ingraham, Lauren K Whiteside, Roxanne Guiney, Margot Kelly Hedrick, Frederick P Rivara
OBJECTIVE: Each year in the United States, 1.5-2.5 million individuals require hospitalization for an injury. Multiple mental, substance use, and chronic general medical disorders are endemic among injury survivors with and without traumatic brain injury (TBI), yet few studies have assessed the association between the cumulative burden of these conditions and health care outcomes. This study of patients hospitalized for an injury assessed associations between comorbid mental, substance use, and general medical disorders, TBI, and violent events or suicide attempts and the postinjury outcomes of recurrent hospitalization and death...
February 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137342/differential-effects-of-patient-symptom-subtypes-on-informal-hospice-caregiver-depression
#8
Chelsey M Wilkes, Karla T Washington, William M Palmer, Debra Parker Oliver, George Demiris, Kevin Craig
OBJECTIVE: Researchers sought to determine the extent to which burden related to patients' symptom subtypes could predict informal hospice caregiver depression, and to illustrate the differences between caregivers who experience suicidal ideation and those who do not. METHOD: Informal caregivers recruited from a not-for-profit community-based hospice agency participated in a cross-sectional survey. Self-report questionnaires assessed caregiver burden associated with patient symptomatology (via a modified version of the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale-Short Form) and caregiver depressive symptoms, including suicidal ideation (measured by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9)...
January 31, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135694/the-mental-health-of-indigenous-peoples-in-canada-a-critical-review-of-research
#9
REVIEW
Sarah E Nelson, Kathi Wilson
Many scholars assert that Indigenous peoples across the globe suffer a disproportionate burden of mental illness. Research indicates that colonialism and its associated processes are important determinants of Indigenous peoples' health internationally. In Canada, despite an abundance of health research documenting inequalities in morbidity and mortality rates for Indigenous peoples, relatively little research has focused on mental health. This paper provides a critical scoping review of the literature related to Indigenous mental health in Canada...
January 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114844/suicide-rate-trends-in-the-slovak-republic-in-1993-2015
#10
Alexandra Brazinova, Norbert Moravansky, Gabriel Gulis, Igor Skodacek
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a significant public health issue worldwide, resulting in loss of lives, and burdening societies. AIMS: To describe and analyze the time trends of suicide rates (SRs) in the Slovak Republic in 1993-2015 for targeted suicide prevention strategies. METHODS: Data for this study were obtained from the mortality database of the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Crude and standardized annual SRs were calculated. Trends and relative risks of suicide according to age and sex were analyzed by joinpoint regression and negative binomial regression...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093796/the-role-of-perceived-burden-and-social-support-in-suicide-and-depression
#11
Christopher M Bell, Josephine A Ridley, James C Overholser, Kevin Young, Alison Athey, Jennifer Lehmann, Kristie Phillips
In a sample of 114 military veterans with depression histories, perceived burden was related to depression symptoms and suicide attempt history. After accounting for perceived burden, sense of belonging was negatively related to depression. Among the areas of social support, family support was inversely related to both depression and suicide history. After accounting for family support, personal meaning from relationships and friend support were related to depression. The results of this study suggest that perceived burdensomeness may be a stronger determinant of suicidality than sense of belonging or social support...
January 17, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081055/state-level-lifetime-medical-and-work-loss-costs-of-fatal-injuries-united-states-2014
#12
Feijun Luo, Curtis Florence
Injury-associated deaths have substantial economic consequences in the United States. The total estimated lifetime medical and work-loss costs associated with fatal injuries in 2013 were $214 billion (1). In 2014, unintentional injury, suicide, and homicide (the fourth, tenth, and seventeenth leading causes of death, respectively) accounted for 194,635 deaths in the United States (2). In 2014, a total of 199,756 fatal injuries occurred in the United States, and the associated lifetime medical and work-loss costs were $227 billion (3)...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073041/major-depressive-disorder-with-subthreshold-hypomanic-mixed-features-a-real-world-assessment-of-treatment-patterns-and-economic-burden
#13
Roger S McIntyre, Daisy Ng-Mak, Chien-Chia Chuang, Rachel Halpern, Pankaj A Patel, Krithika Rajagopalan, Antony Loebel
BACKGROUND: To compare outcomes for individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) with or without subthreshold hypomania (mixed features) in naturalistic settings. METHODS: Using the Optum Research Database (1/1/2009─10/31/2014), a retrospective analysis of individuals newly diagnosed with MDD was conducted. Continuous enrollment for 12-months before and after the initial MDD diagnosis was required. MDD with subthreshold hypomania (mixed features) (MDD-MF) was defined based on ≥1 hypomania diagnosis within 30 days after an MDD diagnosis during the one-year follow-up period, in the absence of bipolar I diagnoses...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065168/functional-outcomes-of-child-and-adolescent-mental-disorders-current-disorder-most-important-but-psychiatric-history-matters-as-well
#14
J Ormel, A M Oerlemans, D Raven, O M Laceulle, C A Hartman, R Veenstra, F C Verhulst, W Vollebergh, J G M Rosmalen, S A Reijneveld, A J Oldehinkel
BACKGROUND: Various sources indicate that mental disorders are the leading contributor to the burden of disease among youth. An important determinant of functioning is current mental health status. This study investigated whether psychiatric history has additional predictive power when predicting individual differences in functional outcomes. METHOD: We used data from the Dutch TRAILS study in which 1778 youths were followed from pre-adolescence into young adulthood (retention 80%)...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064358/incipient-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-is-more-common-than-expected-and-may-comprise-clinicopathological-subtypes-a-forensic-autopsy-series
#15
Koji Yoshida, Yukiko Hata, Koshi Kinoshita, Shutaro Takashima, Kortaro Tanaka, Naoki Nishida
We investigated 998 serial Japanese forensic autopsy cases (0-101 years old, mean age 61.7 ± 21.9), with no case selection, using immunohistochemistry to detect cases with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Twenty-nine cases (mean age 82.3 ± 7.2 years, 11 males, 18 females) fulfilled the National Institute of Neuronal Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)-PSP pathological criteria (2.9% of all cases, 4.6% of cases over 60). All had neuronal and glial inclusions in the basal ganglia and brainstem. However, 13 cases had low tau pathology and were categorized as atypical PSP...
January 7, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045465/methylomic-profiling-of-cortex-samples-from-completed-suicide-cases-implicates-a-role-for-psors1c3-in-major-depression-and-suicide
#16
T M Murphy, B Crawford, E L Dempster, E Hannon, J Burrage, G Turecki, Z Kaminsky, J Mill
Major depressive disorder (MDD) represents a major social and economic health issue and constitutes a major risk factor for suicide. The molecular pathology of suicidal depression remains poorly understood, although it has been hypothesised that regulatory genomic processes are involved in the pathology of both MDD and suicidality. In this study, genome-wide patterns of DNA methylation were assessed in depressed suicide completers (n=20) and compared with non-psychiatric, sudden-death controls (n=20) using tissue from two cortical brain regions (Brodmann Area 11 (BA11) and Brodmann Area 25 (BA25))...
January 3, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044944/a-pragmatic-approach-to-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-mixed-features-in-adults-with-mood-disorders
#17
Roger S McIntyre, Yena Lee, Rodrigo B Mansur
Mixed features specifier (MFS) is a new nosological entity defined and operationalized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), 5th Edition. The impetus to introduce the MFS and supplant mixed states was protean, including the lack of ecological validity, high rates of misdiagnosis, and guideline discordant treatment for mixed states. Mixed features specifier identifies a phenotype in psychiatry with greater illness burden, as evidenced by earlier age at onset, higher episode frequency and chronicity, psychiatric and medical comorbidity, suicidality, and suboptimal response to conventional antidepressants...
December 2016: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031587/short-term-cost-of-suicides-in-india
#18
Gopala Sarma Poduri
BACKGROUND: India is experiencing increasing suicides that have much economic impact. OBJECTIVE: To calculate the short-term costs of suicide in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All the official data of suicides in India in 2014 formed the base of computation. Both direct and indirect costs were computed basing on market rates and official estimates. Perceived gains were deducted to arrive at the total cost. RESULTS: The contribution of middle age group in the loss was high...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030616/rare-cnvs-in-suicide-attempt-include-schizophrenia-associated-loci-and-neurodevelopmental-genes-a-pilot-genome-wide-and-family-based-study
#19
Marcus Sokolowski, Jerzy Wasserman, Danuta Wasserman
Suicidal behavior (SB) has a complex etiology involving genes and environment. One of the genetic components in SB could be copy number variations (CNVs), as CNVs are implicated in neurodevelopmental disorders. However, a recently published genome-wide and case-control study did not observe any significant role of CNVs in SB. Here we complemented these initial observations by instead using a family-based trio-sample that is robust to control biases, having severe suicide attempt (SA) in offspring as main outcome (n = 660 trios)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009694/can-emergency-department-hospital-discharge-and-death-data-be-used-to-monitor-burden-of-drug-overdose-in-rhode-island
#20
Yongwen Jiang, James V McDonald, Jennifer Koziol, Meghan McCormick, Samara Viner-Brown, Nicole Alexander-Scott
CONTEXT: Drug overdoses are a growing public health problem in the United States. Rhode Island is also confronted with a serious epidemic of drug overdose deaths and ranks sixth worst in the United States for age-adjusted drug overdose death rate. OBJECTIVE: To monitor trends of drug overdose-related emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and deaths and classify the drug overdoses by demographics, discharge status, intent, and specific drug involved to plan for health care resource allocation, mental health services, drug abuse treatment, prevention, and policies...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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