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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147725/-stigma-risk-factor-and-consequence-of-suicidal-behavior-implications-for-suicide-prevention
#1
REVIEW
N Oexle, N Rüsch
Mental illness, previous suicidal behavior and loss of a relative by suicide are strong risk factors for suicidality. Both mental illness and suicide are stigmatized, which is a burden for those affected and potentially contributes to suicidality among stigmatized individuals. Many consequences of stigma, e. g. social isolation, low self-esteem and hopelessness, are well-known predictors of suicidality. Interventions to reduce stigmatization might therefore be an important component of successful suicide prevention...
November 16, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144210/a-new-allele-of-the-kappa-casein-gene-in-local-zebu-cattle-breeds
#2
Tauseef Ahmad, Ashwin Atkulwar, Sameera Farah, Vijendra Singh, Mumtaz Baig
Local zebu cattle breeds in Indian villages are crossbred with exotic breeds at an unprecedented rate without utilising the full potential of genomic technologies. In addition to agriculture produce, livestock, particularly cattle, constitute a vital source of livelihood for farmers in India. Age-old agricultural practices, errant monsoon, and frequent crop failures have resulted in Maharashtra having the highest number of farmer suicides in the country. Local cattle breeds are considered low-yield breeds and thus are primarily used as beasts of burden...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143956/-intensive-home-treatment-a-first-observational-evaluation
#3
R A Gotink, G Bergsma, M T Hoogwegt, C L Mulder, A R Van Gool
Yulius intensive home treatment (iht) offers six weeks of home-care to psychiatric patients in crisis who would normally be hospitalised.<br/> AIM: To study patient characteristics and the content and outcomes of iht.<br/> METHOD: We followed the handling of 75 consecutive applications for iht. Details were recorded before and after admission to the treatment.<br/> RESULTS: Fifteen patients were referred in order to shorten the period of hospitalisation, and 60 were referred in order to prevent hospitalisation; 59 of the 75 persons admitted for the treatment received iht, and 41 patients finished the six-week module and provided follow-up data...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136302/the-sociotype-in-dermatology
#4
S E Marron, R Del Moral, J Navarro, S Lamas, P C Marijuan, L Tomas-Aragones
Skin diseases can be the cause of a significant psychosocial burden for those who suffer them. A number of studies have considered issues such as a lower quality of life, increased anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation and other psychological disorders(1-3) . However, adequate means for evaluating social interaction difficulties, diminished social networks, and the impoverished conversational exchanges that affect the wellbeing and mental health of the individual have not been sufficiently developed. This article is protected by copyright...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096691/problematic-khat-use-as-a-possible-risk-factor-for-harmful-use-of-other-psychoactive-substances-a-mixed-method-study-in-ethiopia
#5
Awoke Mihretu, Solomon Teferra, Abebaw Fekadu
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders along with neuropsychiatric disorders contributed about 14% of the global burden of disease. Harmful alcohol use, is a known contributor for many harms (accidents, suicide, violence, and complication of other psychiatric and medical disorders). In the Western countries, alcohol and nicotine are gateway drugs to cannabis use, and cannabis use is a risk factor for other illicit drugs such as cocaine and heroin. Khat use is another psychoactive substance which is common in East African and Arabian Peninsula...
November 2, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096523/prevalence-and-correlates-of-depressive-symptoms-in-secondary-school-children-in-dhaka-city-bangladesh
#6
Asaduzzaman Khan, Rushdia Ahmed, Nicola W Burton
OBJECTIVES: Depression is a leading contributor to the global burden of disease, and often starts at a young age. Depression in young people can increase the risk of unhealthy lifestyle behaviour and can lead to substantial disability, social problems, poor health, and suicide. Other research has examined depressive symptoms among adult populations in Bangladesh, but little is known about other age groups. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of depressive symptoms among secondary school children of Dhaka city, Bangladesh...
November 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066524/identification-of-health-risk-behaviours-among-adolescent-refugees-resettling-in-western-australia
#7
Kajal Hirani, Sarah Cherian, Raewyn Mutch, Donald N Payne
OBJECTIVE: Adolescent refugees encounter traumatic stressors and are at risk of developing psychosocial health problems; limited research data exist internationally. This study aims to identify health risk behaviours among adolescent refugees resettling in Western Australia and assess the feasibility of using a standardised adolescent health questionnaire for this purpose. DESIGN: Refugees aged 12 years and above attending a tertiary Refugee Health Service (RHS) were recruited over 12 months...
October 24, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064144/treatment-of-self-poisoning-at-a-tertiary-level-hospital-in-bangladesh-cost-to-patients-and-government
#8
Vasundhara Verma, Sujat Paul, Aniruddha Ghose, Michael Eddleston, Flemming Konradsen
OBJECTIVES: Approximately 10,000 people die from suicide annually in Bangladesh, many from pesticide poisoning. We aimed to estimate financial costs to patients and health services of treating patients with self-poisoning. METHODS: Data on direct costs to families, sources of funds for treatment and family wealth were collected prospectively over a one-month period in 2016 at the tertiary Chittagong Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh. Aggregate operational costs to the government were calculated using annual budget, bed occupancy and length-of-stay data...
October 24, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060973/-disease-burden-caused-by-suicide-in-the-chinese-population-in-1990-and-2013
#9
X Gao, L H Wang, Y Jin, P P Ye, L Yang, Y L Er, X Deng, Y Wang, L L Duan
Objective: To provide basic suicide prevention strategy through analyzing the disease burden of suicide in the Chinese population, in 1990 and 2013. Methods: Indicators including mortality rate, years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLL), years lived with disability (YLD), and disability-adjusted of life years (DALY) on suicide, were from the results of Global Burden of Disease 2013 and used to describe the burden of disease caused by suicide in Chinese population. Data described the disease burden of suicide in China by comparing the corresponding parameters in 1990 and 2013...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057684/epidemiology-of-mental-health-comorbidity-in-psoriasis
#10
J J Wu, S R Feldman, J Koo, L B Marangell
The occurrence of mental health comorbidities such as depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation or behavior is not uncommon in the context of psoriasis. The negative influence of psoriatic disease on a patient's physical and mental well-being, in combination with overlapping pathophysiology, increase the risk for clinically significant psychiatric conditions. These psychiatric conditions, in turn, influence the patient's outlook and, potentially, prognosis. Although the healthcare community increasingly recognizes the association of mental health comorbidities with psoriasis, the extent of the correlation is not fully appreciated...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053975/depression-among-female-heads-of-household-in-rural-mozambique-a-cross-sectional-population-based-survey
#11
Carolyn M Audet, Milton L Wainberg, Maria A Oquendo, Qiongru Yu, Meridith Blevins Peratikos, Cristiane S Duarte, Samuel Martinho, Ann F Green, Lazaro González-Calvo, Troy D Moon
BACKGROUND: An estimated 350 million people live with depression worldwide. In Mozambique, there are no national data quantifying the burden of mental illnesses. With the sixth highest suicide rate in the world, there is strong evidence of an unmet mental health need. We conducted a survey to measure the prevalence of depression among female heads of household and assess individual, social, and cultural risk factors associated with a positive depression screening. METHODS: This survey was conducted across 14 rural districts in central Mozambique in 2014...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027588/mental-disorders-and-the-risk-for-the-subsequent-first-suicide-attempt-results-of-a-community-study-on-adolescents-and-young-adults
#12
Marcel Miché, Patrizia Denise Hofer, Catharina Voss, Andrea Hans Meyer, Andrew Thomas Gloster, Katja Beesdo-Baum, Roselind Lieb
Adolescents and young adults represent the high-risk group for first onset of both DSM-IV mental disorders and lifetime suicide attempt (SA). Yet few studies have evaluated the temporal association of prior mental disorders and subsequent first SA in a young community sample. We examined (a) such associations using a broad range of specific DSM-IV mental disorders, (b) the risk of experiencing the outcome due to prior comorbidity, and (c) the proportion of SAs that could be attributed to prior disorders. During a 10-year prospective study, data were gathered from 3021 community subjects, 14-24 years of age at baseline...
October 11, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020574/suicidal-and-help-seeking-behaviors-among-youth-in-an-online-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-queer-and-questioning-social-network
#13
Megan C Lytle, Vincent M B Silenzio, Christopher M Homan, Phoenix Schneider, Eric D Caine
LGBTQ youth have a great burden for suicidal ideation/behavior compared to their non-LGBTQ peers. While scholars have explored risk factors for suicidal behaviors, little is known about protective factors among LGBTQ youth, let alone within group differences in terms of help-seeking. Data were collected from 203 TrevorSpace (e.g., a social network for LGBTQ youth) users via online survey to examine suicidal and help-seeking behaviors among LGBTQ individuals. Among participants who reported suicidal ideation/behavior, a large proportion did not seek help (73...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017474/the-disease-burden-of-suicide-in-ecuador-a-15%C3%A2-years-geodemographic-cross-sectional-study-2001-2015
#14
Esteban Ortiz-Prado, Katherine Simbaña, Lenin Gómez, Aquiles R Henriquez-Trujillo, Fernando Cornejo-Leon, Eduardo Vasconez, Diana Castillo, Ginés Viscor
BACKGROUND: Suicide affects people from different backgrounds, ethnical groups, socio-economic status and geographical locations. In Latin America, suicide reports arescarce, specially in Andean countries. In Ecuador, very few reports have partially described this phenomenon, nonetheless, estimation of the burden of disease (BoD) hasnever been reported in the country. METHODS: A country-wide comparison was performed using the Ministry of Public Health's national databases of overall mortality, Hospital Discharges Database, and the Population Census of the National Institute of Census and Statistics (INEC)...
October 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990527/epilepsy-comorbidities-and-treatments
#15
Alla Guekht
BACKGROUND: An increasing amount of evidence suggests an association between epilepsy and multiple somatic and psychiatric conditions, which is more significant than in the general population. Furthermore, a bidirectional association has been established between epilepsy and several conditions, notably depression and suicide, cerebrovascular disease, stroke, dementia and migraine, which is best explained by the presence of common underlying mechanisms and risk factors. Gaining knowledge about these common mechanisms can provide insight into new therapeutic targets, screening and preventive measures...
October 9, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990318/depression-hurts-depression-costs-the-medical-spending-attributable-to-depression-and-depressive-symptoms-in-china
#16
Chee-Ruey Hsieh, Xuezheng Qin
Due to its fast economic growth and lifestyle changes, China is experiencing a rapid epidemiological transition from communicable to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Mental disorder such as depression is an important yet often neglected NCD and is becoming a growing cause of disability, suicides, and disease burden. This paper provides the first nationally representative estimate of the medical cost attributable to depression and depressive symptoms among the adult population in China. On the basis of the 2012 China Family Panel Studies survey, our results indicate that these mental health conditions have significant impacts on the individual medical expenditure, and they jointly contribute to 14...
October 8, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976944/the-new-news-about-lithium-an-underutilized-treatment-in-the-united-states
#17
Robert M Post
Lithium use for the treatment of mood disorders remains quite low, particularly in the United States compared to some European countries. Mogens Schou pioneered the study of lithium for prophylaxis of the recurrent mood disorder and encouraged its greater use. In an effort to further address the appropriate role of this drug, the multiple assets of lithium beyond its well-know anti-manic effect are reviewed, and a brief summary of its side effects is outlined. It appears that lithium has positive effects in depression and suicide prevention, cognition, and reducing the incidence of dementia...
October 4, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967772/psychometric-analysis-of-the-life-worries-scale-for-a-new-generation-of-sexual-minority-men-the-p18-cohort-study
#18
Perry N Halkitis, Stephanie H Cook, Annie Ristuccia, James Despotoulis, Michael D Levy, Francesca C Bates, Farzana Kapadia
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority men (SMM) in the United States continue to experience adverse health problems and psychosocial burdens. However, there is limited psychometric research seeking to quantify the life worries of this population. Informed by syndemic theory, the Life Worries Scale (LWS) was developed to measure the concerns of young SMM. METHOD: Analyses of the scale were undertaken using baseline data (n = 665) from an ongoing cohort study of emerging adult, SMM...
October 2, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964659/decreasing-suicide-risk-among-patients-with-prostate-cancer-implications-for-depression-erectile-dysfunction-and-suicidal-ideation-screening
#19
REVIEW
Zachary Klaassen, Karan Arora, Shenelle N Wilson, Sherita A King, Rabii Madi, Durwood E Neal, Paul Kurdyak, Girish S Kulkarni, Ronald W Lewis, Martha K Terris
OBJECTIVE: Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy among males, accounting for 19% of cancers, and the third most common cancer-related cause of death. Suicide rates in the United States have increased among males over the last decade. Further, suicide rates are higher in oncology patients, including patients with prostate cancer, compared to the general population. The objective of this article is to review the current literature and address the relationship between prostate cancer, depression, erectile dysfunction, and suicidal ideation...
September 27, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958040/physical-health-problems-as-a-late-life-suicide-precipitant-examination-of-coroner-medical-examiner-and-law-enforcement-reports
#20
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, C Nathan Marti, Yeates Conwell
Background and Objectives: In light of high late-life suicide rates, we compared older suicide decedents with and without physical health problems as a suicide precipitant with respect to their clinical characteristics and suicide means. We also examined health-related concerns noted in summary coroner/medical examiner or law enforcement (CME/LE) reports. Research Design and Methods: The National Violent Death Reporting System, 2005-2014, provided data (N = 16,924 aged 65 or older)...
September 18, 2017: Gerontologist
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