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Low back pain exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633669/impact-of-exercise-programs-among-helicopter-pilots-with-transient-lbp
#1
Knut Andersen, Roald Baardsen, Ingvild Dalen, Jan Petter Larsen
BACKGROUND: Flight related low back pain (LBP) among helicopter pilots is frequent and may influence flight performance. Prolonged confined sitting during flights seems to weaken lumbar trunk (LT) muscles with associated secondary transient pain. Aim of the study was to investigate if structured training could improve muscular function and thus improve LBP related to flying. METHODS: 39 helicopter pilots (35 men and 4 women), who reported flying related LBP on at least 1 of 3 missions last month, were allocated to two training programs over a 3-month period...
June 20, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626304/obesity-and-low-back-pain-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-japanese-males
#2
Yuko Hashimoto, Ko Matsudaira, Susumu S Sawada, Yuko Gando, Ryoko Kawakami, Chihiro Kinugawa, Takashi Okamoto, Koji Tsukamoto, Motohiko Miyachi, Hisashi Naito
[Purpose] This study evaluated whether obesity is a risk factor for low back pain, by using body fat percentage (%FAT) and body mass index (BMI) as indices of obesity among Japanese males. [Subjects and Methods] This study included 1,152 males (average age: 28.0 ± 4.6 years). BMI was calculated from subject's height and weight, and %FAT was estimated by the thickness of two parts of skin. Low back pain, drinking and smoking were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire, and maximal oxygen uptake was measured by a submaximal exercise test using a cycle ergometer...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614188/placebo-effects-of-a-sham-opioid-solution-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#3
Regine Klinger, Ralph Kothe, Julia Schmitz, Sandra Kamping, Herta Flor
This study tested the experimental placebo effect in a group of chronic pain patients. Forty-eight patients suffering from chronic back pain participated in a randomized clinical trial that tested the efficacy of a sham opioid solution (NaCl) compared to an alleged neutral, completely inactive solution (NaCl). We shaped the placebo effect by two interventions: suggestion/instruction and conditioning. The patients were either told that the "solution reduces pain/improves physical capacity" or the "solution is neutral, a placebo"...
June 9, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611320/prevalence-of-low-back-pain-and-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-among-dental-practitioners-in-dakshina-kannada-and-coorg-district
#4
D Anupama Prasad, Drithi Appachu, Vinayak Kamath, D Krishna Prasad
CONTEXT: Dental practitioners who usually have to work for long durations in a particular fixed posture are more prone to musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), particularly those involving the hand and wrist and also of the lower back. AIMS: To study the prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and low back pain (LBP) among dental practitioners and to correlate the symptoms with the duration of practice. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A closed-end questionnaire was distributed to 100 dental practitioners from Dakshina Kannada and Coorg districts of Karnataka, India...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591044/factors-associated-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-in-japanese-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Tatsuya Hirase, Hideki Kataoka, Shigeru Inokuchi, Jiro Nakano, Junya Sakamoto, Minoru Okita
Identifying older adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) earlier is urgent because CMP is reportedly associated with deterioration in physical function, poor psychological status, and low physical activity level. The objective of this study was to identify factors that were most strongly associated with CMP in Japanese community-dwelling older adults.Using a cross-sectional design, we assessed 263 older adults (mean age = 79.1 ± 5.9 years, 85.9% women) who participated in community exercise classes...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572078/the-effect-of-core-stabilization-exercise-on-the-kinematics-and-joint-coordination-of-the-lumbar-spine-and-hip-during-sit-to-stand-and-stand-to-sit-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-coscious-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled
#6
Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Shapour Jaberzadeh, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Holakoo Mohsenifar, Rasool Bagheri, Morteza Taghipour
BACKGROUND: Chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNLBP) is among the most prevalent health problems. Lumbar spine and hips kinematics and coordination can be affected in CNLBP. The effects of exercises on the kinematics and coordination of lumbar spine and hips during sit-to-stand (STS) and its reverse have not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of core stabilization exercise on the kinematics and joint coordination of the lumbar spine and hip during STS and its reverse in CNLBP patients...
June 1, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559749/effect-of-mulligan-concept-lumbar-snag-on-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#7
Hisham Mohamed Hussien, Neveen Abdellatif Abdel-Raoof, Omaima Mohamed Kattabei, Hassan Hussien Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcomes of adding lumbar sustained natural apophyseal glide (SNAG) to a conventional therapy program for chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP). METHODS: Forty-two participants with chronic nonspecific LBP were randomly divided into 2 groups. The study group (aged 27.1 ± 8.3, 20 men, 3 women) received a conventional physical therapy program consisted of stretching and strengthening exercises plus SNAG (based on the Mulligan concept) on the affected lumbar levels, and the control group (aged 28...
June 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559665/spinal-mobilization-vs-conventional-physiotherapy-in-the-management-of-chronic-low-back-pain-due-to-spinal-disk-degeneration-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Georgios Krekoukias, Ioannis D Gelalis, Theodoros Xenakis, Georgios Gioftsos, Zacharias Dimitriadis, Vasiliki Sakellari
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to examine the efficacy of spinal mobilization in subjects with low back pain (LBP) and associated spinal disk degeneration. METHODS: Seventy-five subjects suffering from chronic LBP (>3 months) were randomly allocated into 3 groups of 25 subjects each. Each group received five treatment sessions with the first group receiving manual therapy (MT) (spinal mobilization), the second a sham treatment, and the third conventional physiotherapy (CP) (stretching exercises, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and massage)...
May 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558746/characteristics-of-therapeutic-alliance-in-musculoskeletal-physiotherapy-and-occupational-therapy-practice-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#9
Folarin Babatunde, Joy MacDermid, Norma MacIntyre
BACKGROUND: Most conventional treatment for musculoskeletal conditions continue to show moderate effects, prompting calls for ways to increase effectiveness, including drawing from strategies used across other health conditions. Therapeutic alliance refers to the relational processes at play in treatment which can act in combination or independently of specific interventions. Current evidence guiding the use of therapeutic alliance in health care arises largely from psychotherapy and medicine literature...
May 30, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536754/movement-amplitude-on-the-functional-re-adaptive-exercise-device-deep-spinal-muscle-activity-and-movement-control
#10
A Winnard, D Debuse, M Wilkinson, L Samson, T Weber, Nick Caplan
PURPOSE: Lumbar multifidus (LM) and transversus abdominis (TrA) show altered motor control, and LM is atrophied, in people with low-back pain (LBP). The Functional Re-adaptive Exercise Device (FRED) involves cyclical lower-limb movement against minimal resistance in an upright posture. It has been shown to recruit LM and TrA automatically, and may have potential as an intervention for non-specific LBP. However, no studies have yet investigated the effects of changes in FRED movement amplitude on the activity of these muscles...
May 23, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514779/low-back-pain-in-pregnancy-investigations-management-and-role-of-neuraxial-analgesia-and-anaesthesia-a-systematic-review
#11
Herman Sehmbi, Rohan D'Souza, Anuj Bhatia
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is commonly experienced during pregnancy and is often poorly managed. There is much ambiguity in diagnostic work-up, appropriate management and decision-making regarding the use of neuraxial analgesia and anaesthesia during labour and delivery in these patients. This systematic review summarises the evidence regarding investigations, management strategies and considerations around performing neuraxial blocks for pregnant women with LBP. METHODS: We searched 3 databases and reviewed literature concerning LBP in pregnancy with regards to diagnostic modalities, management strategies and use of neuraxial techniques for facilitating labour and delivery...
May 18, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511464/a-study-to-assess-the-functional-outcome-of-decompression-and-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-of-low-grade-spondylolisthesis-of-lumbar-vertebra
#12
Deepak Hegde, Sameer Mehra, Santhosh Babu, Arjun Ballal
INTRODUCTION: Spondylolisthesis is defined as the forward displacement of one vertebra over the vertebra below. It is often accompanied by spinal canal stenosis and compression, which is the cause of all the symptoms. AIM: To assess and study the functional outcome after decompression and Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF) of isthmic spondylolisthesis of lower lumbar vertebra and to study the complications occurring with this technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in the Department of Orthopaedics in Justice KS Hegde Charitable Hospital, Mangalore, Karnataka, India from March 2015 to August 2016...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505029/treatment-options-for-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-fbss-patients-with-refractory-chronic-pain-an-evidence-based-approach
#13
Kasra Amirdelfan, Lynn Webster, Lawrence Poree, Vishad Sukul, Porter McRoberts
STUDY DESIGN: A significant number of lumbar post-surgical patients continue to suffer persistent pain and limited function and are termed to have "Failed back surgery syndrome" (FBSS). This review evaluates clinical trial data for the treatment of FBSS patients. OBJECTIVE: Using an evidence-based approach to evaluate FBSS treatments will assist clinicians in choosing the most effective options for FBSS patients. Furthermore, reducing the utilization of less effective therapies may result in substantial financial savings for this patient population...
April 12, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504068/psychometric-properties-of-the-deep-muscle-contraction-scale-for-assessment-of-the-drawing-in-maneuver-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#14
Crystian B Oliveira, Ruben F Negrão Filho, Márcia R Franco, Priscila K Morelhão, Amanda C Araujo, Rafael Z Pinto
Study Design A prospective cohort study. Background Motor control dysfunctions have been commonly reported in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (LBP). Physiotherapists need clinical tools with adequate psychometric properties to assess such patients in clinical practice. The deep muscle contraction (DMC) scale is a clinical rating scale for assessing patients' ability to voluntarily contract deep abdominal muscles. Objectives To investigate the intra-rater reliability, floor and ceiling effects, internal and external responsiveness and correlation analysis (with ultrasound measures) of the DMC scale in patients with chronic non-specific LBP undergoing a lumbar stabilization exercise program...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490899/the-influence-of-clinical-equipoise-and-patient-preferences-on-outcomes-of-conservative-manual-interventions-for-spinal-pain-an-experimental-study
#15
Mark D Bishop, Joel E Bialosky, Charles W Penza, Jason M Beneciuk, Meryl J Alappattu
BACKGROUND: Expected pain relief from treatment is associated with positive clinical outcomes in patients with musculoskeletal pain. Less studied is the influence on outcomes related to the preference of patients and providers for a specific treatment. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine how provider and patient preferences for a manual therapy intervention influenced outcomes in individuals with acutely induced low back pain (LBP). PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Pain-free participants were randomly assigned to one of two manual therapies (joint biased [JB] or constant touch [CT]) 48 hours after completing an exercise protocol to induce LBP...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476690/the-relationships-between-low-back-pain-and-lumbar-lordosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Se-Woong Chun, Chai-Young Lim, Keewon Kim, Jinseub Hwang, Sun G Chung
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Clinicians regard lumbar lordotic curvature (LLC) with respect to low back pain (LBP) in a contradictory fashion. The time-honored point of view is that LLC itself, or its increment causes LBP. On the other hand, recently, the biomechanical role of LLC has been emphasized and loss of lordosis is considered a possible cause of LBP. The relationship between LLC and LBP has immense clinical significance, since it serves as the basis of therapeutic exercises for treating and preventing LBP...
May 2, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459281/self-managed-exercises-strength-and-fitness-training-and-multifidus-muscle-size-in-elite-footballers
#17
Julie A Hides, Jazmin Walsh, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, M Dilani Mendis
CONTEXT:   Low back pain (LBP) and lower limb injuries are common among Australian Football League (AFL) players. Smaller size of 1 key trunk muscle, the lumbar multifidus (MF), has been associated with LBP and injuries in footballers. The size of the MF muscle has been shown to be modifiable with supervised motor-control training programs. Among AFL players, supervised motor-control training has also been shown to reduce the incidence of lower limb injuries and was associated with increased player availability for games...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456669/lumbar-muscle-structure-and-function-in-chronic-versus-recurrent-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Dorien Goubert, Robby De Pauw, Mira Meeus, Tine Willems, Barbara Cagnie, Stijn Schouppe, Jessica Van Oosterwijck, Evy Dhondt, Lieven Danneels
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Heterogeneity exists within the low back pain (LBP) population. Some patients recover after every pain episode, whereas others suffer daily from LBP complaints. Until now, studies rarely make a distinction between recurrent low back pain (RLBP) and chronic low back pain (CLBP), although both are characterized by a different clinical picture. Clinical experiences also indicate that heterogeneity exists within the CLBP population. Muscle degeneration, like atrophy, fat infiltration, alterations in muscle fiber type, and altered muscle activity, compromises proper biomechanics and motion of the spinal units in LBP patients...
April 26, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453452/the-efficacy-of-a-huber-exercise-system-mediated-sensorimotor-training-protocol-on-proprioceptive-system-lumbar-movement-control-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#19
Amir Letafatkar, Maryam Nazarzadeh, Malihe Hadadnezhad, Niloufar Farivar
BACKGROUND: There is a relation between deficits of the proprioceptive system and movement control dysfunction in patients with chronic low back pain (LBP) but, the exact mechanism of this relation is unknown. Exercise therapy has been recognized as an effective method for low back pain treatment. In spite of this, it is not clear which of the various exercise therapy programs lead to better results. OBJECTIVE: Therefore, the present analyze the efficacy of a HUBER study aims to exercise system mediated sensorimotor training protocol on proprioceptive system, lumbar movement control (LMC) and quality of life (QOL) in patients with chronic non-specific LBP...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449303/brief-intervention-physical-exercise-and-cognitive-behavioural-group-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-the-cins-trial
#20
A Harris, T F Moe, H R Eriksen, T Tangen, S A Lie, T H Tveito, S E Reme
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cognitive-behavioural treatments (CBT) and physical group exercise (PE) have both shown promising effects in reducing disability and increasing work participation among chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients. A brief cognitive intervention (BI) has previously been demonstrated to reduce work disability in CLBP. The aim of this study was to test if the effect of BI could be further increased by adding either group CBT or group PE. METHODS: A total of 214 patients, all sick listed 2-10 months due to CLBP, were randomized to BI (n = 99), BI + group CBT (n = 55) or BI + group PE (n = 60)...
April 27, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
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