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Low back pain exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777980/trunk-postural-adjustments-medium-term-reliability-and-correlation-with-changes-of-clinical-outcomes-following-an-8-week-lumbar-stabilization-exercise-program
#1
Jean-Alexandre Boucher, Richard Preuss, Sharon M Henry, Marilee Nugent, Christian Larivière
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) has been previously associated with delayed anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) determined by trunk muscle activation. Lumbar stabilization exercise programs (LSEP) for patients with LBP may restore the trunk neuromuscular control of the lumbar spine, and normalize APAs. This exploratory study aimed at testing the reliability of EMG and kinematics-based postural adjustment measures over an 8-week interval, assessing their sensitivity to LBP status and treatment and examining their relationship with clinical outcomes...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771180/patient-adherence-to-an-exercise-program-for-chronic-low-back-pain-measured-by-patient-report-physiotherapist-perception-and-observational-data
#2
Kerry Peek, Mariko Carey, Lisa Mackenzie, Robert Sanson-Fisher
The effectiveness of exercise programs for chronic low back pain (CLBP) is dependent upon patient adherence which is problematic to measure accurately. This cross-sectional observational study aimed to compare patient-reported levels of adherence with physiotherapists' perceptions of patient adherence; and to explore the proportion of patients who could accurately recall and demonstrate the exercises contained within their prescribed exercise program for CLBP. Participating patients (n = 61) included those attending for a follow-up consultation with a physiotherapist (n = 15) at a consenting practice (n = 6) who had been prescribed an exercise program for CLBP...
May 17, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769416/endogenous-systems-involved-in-exercise-induced-analgesia
#3
R Da Silva Santos, G Galdino
Exercise-induced analgesia is a phenomenon discussed worldwide. This effect began to be investigated in the early 1970s in healthy individuals and rodents during and after an acute or chronic session of running or swimming. Thereafter, studies found this effect was also induced by resistance exercises. Over the years, many studies have demonstrated the importance of exercise-induced analgesia in relieving pain caused by different conditions, such as fibromyalgia, low back pain, neuropathy, and osteoarthritis...
February 2018: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756974/-effects-of-lacto-vegetarian-diet-and-stabilization-core-exercises-on-body-composition-and-pain-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Alejandro Martínez-Rodríguez, Belén Leyva-Vela, Alba Martínez-García, Yolanda Nadal-Nicolás
BACKGROUND: fibromyalgia is a disease of unknown origin characterized by chronic muscular pain. The lack of knowledge about this disease is one of the main causes that makes complex to make a diagnosis and an appropriate treatment. OBJECTIVE: the main objective of this study was to know the efficacy of a physiotherapy treatment combined with a lacto-vegetarian dietary-nutritional intervention, on low back pain and body composition in women with fibromyalgia. METHODS: twenty-one women were randomly divided into three groups: A (core stabilization exercises + lacto-vegetarian diet), B (placebo + lacto-vegetarian diet) and C (control)...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751850/comparison-between-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-and-stabilization-exercises-in-fatigue-and-transversus-abdominis-activation-in-patients-with-lumbar-disk-herniation-a-randomized-study
#5
Luiz Armando Vidal Ramos, Bianca Callegari, Fábio Jorge Renovato França, Maurício Oliveira Magalhães, Thomaz Nogueira Burke, Ana Paula de Moura Campos Carvalho E Silva, Gabriel Peixoto Leão Almeida, Josielli Comachio, Amélia Pasqual Marques
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and stabilization exercises in an attempt to prevent fatigue and improve muscle activation in patients with lumbar disk herniation associated with low back pain. METHODS: This study involved 29 patients (age range 25-58 years) randomized into 2 groups: the segmental stabilization group (n = 15), who received stabilization exercises on the transversus abdominis (TrA) and lumbar multifidus muscles; and the TENS group (n = 14), who received electrotherapy...
May 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740641/resistance-training-in-addition-to-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-chronic-pain-in-the-low-back-study-protocol
#6
Vegard Moe Iversen, Ottar Vasseljen, Paul Jarle Mork, Ida Reitan Berthelsen, Janne-Birgitte Bloch Børke, Gro Falkener Berheussen, Anne Therese Tveter, Øyvind Salvesen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Introduction: Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a major health problem worldwide. Multidisciplinary rehabilitation and exercise is recommended for the management of chronic LBP. However, there is a need to investigate effective exercise interventions that is available in clinics and as home-based training on a large scale. This article presents the design and rationale of the first randomized clinical trial investigating the effects of progressive resistance training with elastic bands in addition to multidisciplinary rehabilitation for patients with moderate to severe chronic LBP...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740548/low-back-pain-obesity-and-inflammatory-markers-exercise-as-potential-treatment
#7
REVIEW
Isabela Maia da Cruz Fernandes, Rafael Zambelli Pinto, Paulo Ferreira, Fábio Santos Lira
Low back pain is a health issue with significant impact to patients and society. This narrative review aims to synthesize the relationship between obesity, low-grade inflammation and low back pain. It is known that a sedentary lifestyle is a risk factor for obesity and related disorders. The adipose tissue of obese people secretes a range of cytokines of character pro- and anti-inflammatory, with many molecular effects. In addition, pro-inflammatory cytokines are sensitizers of C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of acute inflammation that can be linked to the musculoskeletal pain sensation individuals with back pain...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739371/effectiveness-of-three-interventions-for-secondary-prevention-of-low-back-pain-in-the-occupational-health-setting-a-randomised-controlled-trial-with-a-natural-course-control
#8
J Rantonen, J Karppinen, A Vehtari, S Luoto, E Viikari-Juntura, M Hupli, A Malmivaara, S Taimela
BACKGROUND: We assessed the effectiveness of three interventions that were aimed to reduce non-acute low back pain (LBP) related symptoms in the occupational health setting. METHODS: Based on a survey (n = 2480; response rate 71%) on LBP, we selected a cohort of 193 employees who reported moderate LBP (Visual Analogue Scale VAS > 34 mm) and fulfilled at least one of the following criteria during the past 12 months: sciatica, recurrence of LBP ≥ 2 times, LBP ≥ 2 weeks, or previous sickness absence...
May 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730619/what-is-the-effect-of-prolonged-sitting-and-physical-activity-on-thoracic-spine-mobility-an-observational-study-of-young-adults-in-a-uk-university-setting
#9
Nicola R Heneghan, Gemma Baker, Kimberley Thomas, Deborah Falla, Alison Rushton
OBJECTIVE: Sedentary behaviour has long been associated with neck and low back pain, although relatively little is known about the thoracic spine. Contributing around 33% of functional neck movement, understanding the effect of sedentary behaviour and physical activity on thoracic spinal mobility may guide clinical practice and inform research of novel interventions. DESIGN: An assessor-blinded prospective observational study designed and reported in accordance with Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology...
May 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723124/use-of-a-modified-treatment-based-classification-system-for-subgrouping-patients-with-low-back-pain-agreement-between-telerehabilitation-and-face-to-face-assessments
#10
Seth Peterson, Chad Kuntz, Jim Roush
OBJECTIVE: To examine the agreement between telerehabilitation and face-to-face assessments of patients with acute and subacute low back pain (LBP) using a modified treatment-based classification (TBC) system. A secondary aim was to evaluate patient satisfaction with the telerehabilitation assessment. METHODS: Patients with LBP of less than 90 days' duration underwent both telerehabilitation and face-to-face assessments. After physical examination, patients were classified into one of three intervention groups (mobilization/manipulation, specific exercise, and stabilization)...
May 3, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706724/outcome-measures-for-adherence-to-home-exercises-among-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Hironobu Uzawa, Sally Davis
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate what outcome measures are reliable in the evaluation of adherence to home exercises among patients with chronic low back pain. [Methods] A systematic review on articles related to adherence to home exercises for patients with chronic low back pain was conducted, and outcome measures and psychometric properties were extracted and evaluated in terms of validity and reliability. [Results] A total of 4,583 articles were identified, and eight articles were finally included after screening...
April 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706690/effects-of-mcgill-stabilization-exercises-and-conventional-physiotherapy-on-pain-functional-disability-and-active-back-range-of-motion-in-patients-with-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#12
Arsalan Ghorbanpour, Mahmoud Reza Azghani, Mohammad Taghipour, Zahra Salahzadeh, Fariba Ghaderi, Ali E Oskouei
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to compare the effects of "McGill stabilization exercises" and "conventional physiotherapy" on pain, functional disability and active back flexion and extension range of motion in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty four patients with chronic non-specific low back pain were randomly assigned to McGill stabilization exercises group (n=17) and conventional physiotherapy group (n=17). In both groups, patients performed the corresponding exercises for six weeks...
April 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704016/function-of-low-back-muscle-exercise-preventive-effect-of-refracture-analysis-of-postoperative-vertebral-fractures
#13
DeLi Deng, Zhen Lian, WenFei Cui, HeSheng Liang, LiJun Xiao, Guanfeng Yao
BACKGROUND: Low back muscles exercise reportedly influence the risk of osteoporotic vertebral fractures. The exact relationship between the low back muscles exercise and the incidence of vertebral refractures remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ability of exercise to strengthen the low back muscles to prevent vertebral refracture after surgery, through clinical analysis of the vertebral fracture risk reduction program. METHODS: In total 152 patients with vertebral fractures who had undergone percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and anti-osteoporosis treatment were randomly divided into observation and control groups...
April 27, 2018: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703585/predictive-factors-for-progression-through-the-difficulty-levels-of-pilates-exercises-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Katherinne Ferro Moura Franco, Yuri Rafael Dos Santos Franco, Naiane Teixeira Bastos de Oliveira, Rosimeire Simprini Padula, Cristina Maria Nunes Cabral
BACKGROUND: The progression through the difficulty levels of Pilates exercises is a subjective criterion, that depends on the therapist's experience and ability to identify the best moment to progress to the next level. OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors that interfere in the progression through the difficulty levels of the Pilates exercises in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. METHODS: Data from 139 patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain from a randomized controlled trial were used for statistical analysis using binary logistic regression...
April 17, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702987/eletromyography-of-abdominal-muscles-in-different-physical-exercises-an-update-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Thiago Montes Fidale, Felipe Farnesi Ribeiro Borges, Leonardo Roever, Gilmar da Cunha Souza, Alexandre Gonçalves, Eduardo Paul Chacur, Cristhyano Pimenta, Eduardo Gasparetto Haddad, Guilherme Gularte de Agostini, Fábio Clemente Gregório, Fabrício Cardoso Ribeiro Guimarães, Franciel José Arantes, Lázaro Antônio Dos Santos, Adriano Alves Pereira, Hanna Karen Moreira Antunes, Guilherme Morais Puga, Frederico Balbino Lizardo
BACKGROUND: The abdominal muscles are extremely important because they are directly involved in the functions of support, containment of viscera, and help in the process of expiration, defecation, urination, vomiting, and also at the time of childbirth. Many exercises and equipment are used to strengthen the abdominal muscles, and the workouts are proposed for a variety of purposes, such as preventing and rehabilitating low back pain, improving sports performance, achieving aesthetic standards, among others...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688818/serious-gaming-to-support-exercise-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-a-feasibility-study
#16
Thomas Matheve, Guido Claes, Enzo Olivieri, Annick Timmermans
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of a functional exercise program supported by serious gaming for patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP). METHODS: Ten patients with chronic nonspecific LBP and an underlying motor control impairment were recruited. Subjects performed a partially supervised exercise program (36 sessions, 18 weeks) that included 30 minutes of general conditioning and 90 minutes of individually tailored functional motor control exercises (MCEs)...
April 24, 2018: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687966/spinal-manipulation-combined-with-laser-therapy-is-more-beneficial-than-laser-therapy-alone-in-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-study
#17
Gopal N Subash Chandra Bose, Walid Kamal, Shanmugananth Es, Siddhart Joshi, Parth Trivedi
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder causing pain and disability in most of the countries. In recent years, new approaches such as Spinal manipulation and laser therapy have been considered as an alternative to conventional exercise and also found contradicting results in terms of its effectiveness. AIM: A study to compare the combined effects of spinal manipulation, Laser and exercise versus Laser and exercise alone in chronic non-specific low back pain (cnLBP)...
April 24, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685023/extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-versus-exercise-program-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-short-term-results-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
A Notarnicola, G Maccagnano, M F Gallone, L Mastromauro, F Rifino, V Pesce, I Covelli, B Moretti
The physiotherapy treatment of low back pain (LBP) with physical stimulation offers different possibilities of application. Until now, the physical therapies used in LBP are laser therapy, ultrasonotherapy and currents. We conducted a clinical trial in order to verify whether shockwave therapy, which is very effective in treating tendinopathies and fracture consolidation delays, leads to clinical and electromyographic improvement in patients affected by LBP. We randomized thirty patients affected by LBP treated with shock waves (shockwave group) or a standard protocol characterized by rehabilitative exercises (control group)...
March 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678893/cost-effectiveness-of-exercise-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-non-specific-neck-pain-and-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Gisela Cristiane Miyamoto, Chung-Wei Christine Lin, Cristina Maria Nunes Cabral, Johanna M van Dongen, Maurits W van Tulder
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cost-effectiveness of exercise therapy in the treatment of patients with non-specific neck pain and low back pain. DESIGN: Systematic review of economic evaluations. DATA SOURCES: The search was performed in 5 clinical and 3 economic electronic databases. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: We included economic evaluations performed alongside randomised controlled trials. Differences in costs and effects were pooled in a meta-analysis, if possible, and incremental cost-utility ratios (ICUR) were descriptively analysed...
April 20, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642862/effectiveness-and-safety-of-moderate-intensity-aerobic-water-exercise-during-pregnancy-for-reducing-use-of-epidural-analgesia-during-labor-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Araceli Navas, Catalina Artigues, Alfonso Leiva, Elena Portells, Aina Soler, Antonia Cladera, Silvia Ortas, Margarita Alomar, Marina Gual, Concepción Manzanares, Marina Brunet, Magdalena Julià, Lidia López, Lorena Granda, Miquel Bennasar-Veny, Mari Carmen Carrascosa
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia during labor can provide effective pain relief, but can also lead to adverse effects. The practice of moderate exercise during pregnancy is associated with an increased level of endorphins in the blood, and this could also provide pain relief during labor. Aerobic water exercises, rather than other forms of exercise, do not negatively impact articulations, reduce edema, blood pressure, and back pain, and increase diuresis. We propose a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a moderate water exercise program during pregnancy on the need for epidural analgesia during labor...
April 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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