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Low back pain exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919063/predictors-of-low-back-pain-in-nursing-home-workers-after-implementation-of-a-safe-resident-handling-programme
#1
Judith E Gold, Laura Punnett, Rebecca J Gore
OBJECTIVES: Healthcare workers have high rates of low back pain (LBP) related to handling patients. A large chain of nursing homes experienced reduced biomechanical load, compensation claims and costs following implementation of a safe resident handling programme (SRHP). The aim of this study was to examine whether LBP similarly declined and whether it was associated with relevant self-reported occupational exposures or personal health factors. METHODS: Worker surveys were conducted on multiple occasions beginning with the week of first SRHP introduction (baseline)...
November 10, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917817/risk-factors-associated-with-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-dentistry
#2
Sinem Bozkurt, Nesrin Demirsoy, Zafer Günendi
PURPOSE: To evaluate musculoskeletal system-related complaints; identify regions at risk in dentists by observing and inquiring the dentists at work; and find out the associations with age, sex, working years, academic position and departments, positions during work and daily working hours. METHODS: Modified Nordic Questionnaire (m-nMQ) was used to evaluate pain, hospital admissions and absenteeism. Quick Exposure Check (QEC) form was utilized to assess risk exposure levels related with low-back, neck, hand-wrist and shoulder-arm...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913064/the-development-and-initial-psychometric-evaluation-of-a-measure-assessing-adherence-to-prescribed-exercise-the-exercise-adherence-rating-scale-ears
#3
Naomi A Newman-Beinart, Sam Norton, Dominic Dowling, Dimitri Gavriloff, Chiara Vari, John A Weinman, Emma L Godfrey
OBJECTIVES: There is no gold standard for measuring adherence to prescribed home exercise. Self-report diaries are commonly used however lack of standardisation, inaccurate recall and self-presentation bias limit their validity. A valid and reliable tool to assess exercise adherence behaviour is required. Consequently, this article reports the development and psychometric evaluation of the Exercise Adherence Rating Scale (EARS). DESIGN: Development of a questionnaire...
November 9, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904799/a-clinical-guide-to-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-breathing-pattern-disorders-in-the-physically-active-part-2-a-case-series
#4
Jena Hansen-Honeycutt, Erin B Chapman, Alan Nasypany, Russell T Baker, Jim May
INTRODUCTION: Breathing pattern disorders (BPDs) are characterized by persistent, suboptimal breathing strategies that may result in additional musculoskeletal pain and/or dysfunction. The purpose of this case series was to examine the effects of Primal Reflex Release Technique (PRRT) and breathing exercise interventions in physically active individuals that presented with a primary complaint of musculoskeletal pain, a BPD, and startle reflexes. SUBJECTS: The assessment techniques described in Part 1 of this series were used to identify three student athletes (aged 16-22) who presented with musculoskeletal pain of the low back, mid back, and knee, BPDs, and startle reflexes...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900169/neuromuscular-exercise-and-back-counselling-for-female-nursing-personnel-with-recurrent-non-specific-low-back-pain-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-nurse-rct
#5
Jaana H Suni, Marjo Rinne, Markku Kankaanpää, Annika Taulaniemi, Sirpa Lusa, Harri Lindholm, Jari Parkkari
INTRODUCTION: Nursing personnel have high risk for incidence of low back pain (LBP) followed by development of chronic pain and disability. Multiple risk factors such as patient handling, night shift work and lack of supporting work culture have been identified. In subacute LBP, high-fear avoidance is prognostic for more pain, disability and not returning to work. Lack of leisure-time physical activity predicts long-term sickness absence. The purpose of this study is to compare effectiveness of 6-month neuromuscular exercise and counselling in treating back pain in female nursing personnel with recurrent non-specific LBP pain compared with either (exercise or counselling) alone and a non-treatment control group...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871193/physiotherapist-delivered-cognitive-behavioural-interventions-are-effective-for-low-back-pain-but-can-they-be-replicated-in-clinical-practice-a-systematic-review
#6
Amanda Hall, Helen Richmond, Bethan Copsey, Zara Hansen, Esther Williamson, Gillian Jones, Beth Fordham, Zafra Cooper, Sarah Lamb
PURPOSE: To determine if physiotherapist-led cognitive-behavioural (CB) interventions are effective for low back pain (LBP) and described sufficiently for replication. METHOD: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of patients with LBP treated by physiotherapists using a CB intervention were included. Outcomes of disability, pain, and quality of life were assessed using the GRADE approach. Intervention reporting was assessed using the Template for Intervention Description and Replication...
November 21, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870804/the-effects-of-low-load-motor-control-exercises-and-a-high-load-lifting-exercise-on-lumbar-multifidus-thickness-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Lars Berglund, Björn Aasa, Peter Michaelson, Ulrika Aasa
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial OBJECTIVE.: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of low-load motor control exercises and a high-load lifting exercise, on lumbar multifidus (LM) thickness on either side of the spine and whether the effects are affected by pain intensity or change in pain intensity, among patients with nociceptive mechanical LBP. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is evidence that patients with low back pain may have a decreased size of the (LM) muscles with an asymmetry between sides in the lower back...
November 18, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858681/the-effect-of-visceral-osteopathic-manual-therapy-applications-on-pain-quality-of-life-and-function-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#8
Seval Tamer, Müzeyyen Öz, Özlem Ülger
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of osteopathic manual therapy (OMT) applications on chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP) has been demonstrated. However, visceral applications, which are an important part of OMT techniques, have not been included in those studies. OBJECTIVE: The study's objective was to determine the effect of OMT including visceral applications on the function and quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic nonspecific LBP. DESIGN: The study was designed with a simple method of block randomization...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857632/comparison-of-2-multimodal-interventions-with-and-without-whole-body-vibration-therapy-plus-traction-on-pain-and-disability-in-patients-with-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain
#9
Gianni F Maddalozzo, Brian Kuo, Walker A Maddalozzo, Conner D Maddalozzo, Johnny W Galver
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to compare the effect of 2 multimodal exercise-based physical therapy interventions (one with and one without whole-body vibration [WBV] therapy plus traction) on pain and disability in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from 2 distinct samples. One sample was from the Focus on Therapeutic Outcomes Inc. (FOTO) group (n = 55, age 55...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851665/measurement-properties-of-the-brazilian-portuguese-version-of-the-lumbar-spine-instability-questionnaire
#10
Amanda Costa Araujo, Lucíola da Cunha Menezes Costa, Crystian Bittencourt Oliveira, Priscila Kalil Morelhão, Rúben Faria Negrão Filho, Rafael Zambelli Pinto, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-cultural adaptation and analysis of measurement properties. OBJECTIVE: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Lumbar Spine Instability Questionnaire (LSIQ) into Brazilian-Portuguese and to test its measurement properties in Brazilian patients with low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The selection of subgroup of patients that respond better to specific interventions is the top research priority in the field of back pain...
November 15, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849497/effect-of-lumbar-progressive-resistance-exercise-on-lumbar-muscular-strength-and-core-muscular-endurance-in-soldiers
#11
John M Mayer, John D Childs, Brett D Neilson, Henian Chen, Shane L Koppenhaver, William S Quillen
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain is common, costly, and disabling for active duty military personnel and veterans. The evidence is unclear on which management approaches are most effective. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of lumbar extensor high-intensity progressive resistance exercise (HIPRE) training versus control on improving lumbar extension muscular strength and core muscular endurance in soldiers. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with active duty U...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849389/core-stability-exercise-versus-general-exercise-for-chronic-low-back-pain
#12
Brian J Coulombe, Kenneth E Games, Elizabeth R Neil, Lindsey E Eberman
: Reference: Wang XQ, Zheng JJ, Yu ZW, et al. A meta-analysis of core stability exercise versus general exercise for chronic low back pain. PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e52082. Clinical Questions: Is core stability exercise more effective than general exercise in the treatment of patients with nonspecific low back pain (LBP)? DATA SOURCES: The authors searched the following databases: China Biological Medicine disc, Cochrane Library, Embase, and PubMed from 1970 through 2011...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843949/low-energy-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-insertional-achilles-tendinopathy-a-case-series
#13
Vito Pavone, Luca Cannavò, Antonio Di Stefano, Gianluca Testa, Luciano Costarella, Giuseppe Sessa
Introduction. We report the results of a series of 40 patients with chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy treated with low-energy ESWT after the failure of a 3-month program of eccentric exercises alone. Methods and Materials. 40 patients, 28 (70%) males and 12 (30%) females, were treated between January and December 2014. All patients were previously treated with only eccentric exercises for a 3-month period. The treatment protocol included 4 sessions of ESWT with a 2-week interval, from 800 shots in each one (4 Hz, 14 KeV), together with eccentric exercises...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831982/comparative-effectiveness-of-treatments-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-multiple-treatment-comparison-analysis
#14
Jeffrey A Rihn, Kristen Radcliff, Daniel C Norvell, Robert Eastlack, Frank M Phillips, Daniel Berland, Ned Sherry, Mitchell Freedman, Alexander R Vaccaro
STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review and network meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE: To determine current treatment options of chronic low back pain (LBP) as defined by randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and to compare effectiveness of those treatments using a mixed-treatment comparison (MTC). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: It is important to provide an evidence-based assessment of the treatment options that exist for LBP. METHODS: A systematic search of RCTs was conducted in MEDLINE and the Cochrane Collaboration Library from 1990 to 2014...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821970/effects-of-pilates-on-patients-with-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Hui-Ting Lin, Wei-Ching Hung, Jia-Ling Hung, Pei-Shan Wu, Li-Jin Liaw, Jia-Hao Chang
[Purpose] To evaluate the effects of Pilates on patients with chronic low back pain through a systematic review of high-quality articles on randomized controlled trials. [Subjects and Methods] Keywords and synonyms for "Pilates" and "Chronic low back pain" were used in database searches. The databases included PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Medline, and the Cochrane Library. Articles involving randomized controlled trials with higher than 5 points on the PEDro scale were reviewed for suitability and inclusion...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821941/the-effect-of-abdominal-drawing-in-exercise-and-myofascial-release-on-pain-flexibility-and-balance-of-elderly-females
#16
Seong Hun Yu, Yong Hyeon Sim, Myung Hoon Kim, Ju Hee Bang, Kyung Hyun Son, Jae Woong Kim, Hyun Jin Kim
[Purpose] This study is designed to compare the effects of abdominal drawing-in exercise and myofascial release on pain, flexibility, and balance of elderly females. [Subjects and Methods] Forty elderly females aged 65 or older who had complained of low back pain for three months or longer were selected as the subjects. They were randomly and equally assigned to either an abdominal drawing-in group or a myofascial release group. The subjects conducted exercise three times per week, 40 minutes each time, for eight weeks...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821936/the-change-of-pain-and-lumbosacral-sagittal-alignment-after-sling-exercise-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#17
Hee Sook Roh, Won Je Cho, Won Jong Ryu, Seung Jin Park, Chang Sik An
[Purpose] This study was conducted to quantify the effect of sling exercise therapy in the recovery of lumbosacral sagittal alignment (LSA) and in the control of low back pain. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 102 chronic low back pain patients were divided into two groups, a physical therapy group and a sling exercise group. In both groups, programs were conducted thrice a week for twelve weeks. With respect to LSA, pelvic tilt (PT), sacral slope (SS), and pelvic incidence (PI) were measured with plain radiography...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821923/the-effectiveness-of-home-based-exercise-programs-for-low-back-pain-patients
#18
Sevgi Özdinç Anar
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of home-based exercise programs for low back pain (LBP) patients. [Subjects and Methods] The study subjects were 49 volunteer chronic LBP patients. Home-based exercises that had been specifically modified for the individual patients were prescribed for a period of four weeks, and the volunteers were asked to return for a control evaluation at the end of this period. Exercise adherence and correct performance, pain intensity, disability, endurance, and flexibility were compared between pre- and post intervention, and correlations between exercise adherence and correct performance with, pain intensity score, endurance, disability, and flexibility were investigated...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821917/effects-of-active-rehabilitation-therapy-on-muscular-back-strength-and-subjective-pain-degree-in-chronic-lower-back-pain-patients
#19
Hea-Kyung Choi, Hak-Ju Gwon, Seon-Rye Kim, Chan-Seok Park, Byung-Jun Cho
[Purpose] This study applied active rehabilitation therapy to muscular back strength and assessed the subjective pain degree in chronic low back pain patients. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were randomly assigned to two groups: experimental (n=8) and control (n=8). The experimental group performed two types of rehabilitation therapy programs four times per week for eight weeks. The rehabilitation program was based on the Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency's program. There were several types of stretching and strengthening...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814869/neurodynamic-treatment-for-patients-with-nerve-related-leg-pain-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Giovanni E Ferreira, Fábio F Stieven, Francisco X Araújo, Matheus Wiebusch, Carolina G Rosa, Rodrigo Della Méa Plentz, Marcelo F Silva
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if neurodynamic treatment is more effective than advice to remain active in patients with nerve-related leg pain. DESIGN: Parallel-group randomized controlled trial blinded to the outcome assessor conducted in Porto Alegre, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty patients recruited from the community and private practices. INTERVENTION: Patients will be randomly assigned to receive four sessions of neurodynamic treatment over two weeks comprising passive lumbar foramen opening and neurodynamic sliders plus home exercises or advice to remain active...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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