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Low back pain exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429142/national-clinical-guidelines-for-non-surgical-treatment-of-patients-with-recent-onset-low-back-pain-or-lumbar-radiculopathy
#1
REVIEW
Mette Jensen Stochkendahl, Per Kjaer, Jan Hartvigsen, Alice Kongsted, Jens Aaboe, Margrethe Andersen, Mikkel Ø Andersen, Gilles Fournier, Betina Højgaard, Martin Bach Jensen, Lone Donbæk Jensen, Ture Karbo, Lilli Kirkeskov, Martin Melbye, Lone Morsel-Carlsen, Jan Nordsteen, Thorvaldur Skuli Palsson, Zoreh Rasti, Peter Frost Silbye, Morten Zebitz Steiness, Simon Tarp, Morten Vaagholt
PURPOSE: To summarise recommendations about 20 non-surgical interventions for recent onset (<12 weeks) non-specific low back pain (LBP) and lumbar radiculopathy (LR) based on two guidelines from the Danish Health Authority. METHODS: Two multidisciplinary working groups formulated recommendations based on the GRADE approach. RESULTS: Sixteen recommendations were based on evidence, and four on consensus. Management of LBP and LR should include information about prognosis, warning signs, and advise to remain active...
April 20, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427472/optimising-conservative-management-of-chronic-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Katherine J Simson, Clint T Miller, Jon Ford, Andrew Hahne, Luana Main, Timo Rantalainen, Wei-Peng Teo, Megan Teychenne, David Connell, Guy Trudel, Guoyan Zheng, Gary Thickbroom, Daniel L Belavy
BACKGROUND: Lower back pain is a global health issue affecting approximately 80% of people at some stage in their life. The current literature suggests that any exercise is beneficial for reducing back pain. However, as pain is a subjective evaluation and physical deficits are evident in low back pain, using it as the sole outcome measure to evaluate superiority of an exercise protocol for low back pain treatment is insufficient. The overarching goal of the current clinical trial is to implement two common, conservative intervention approaches and examine their impact on deficits in chronic low back pain...
April 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426912/the-association-between-inflammatory-back-pain-characteristics-and-mri-findings-in-the-spine-and-sacroiliac-joints
#3
Bodil Arnbak, Anne G Jurik, Tue S Jensen, Claus Manniche
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between MRI findings at the sacroiliac joints (SIJs) and vertebral endplates and pain characteristics assumed to be indicative of axial inflammation. METHODS: Patients aged 18-40 years with persistent low back pain referred to an outpatient spine clinic participated, including an unknown proportion of axial spondyloarthritis patients. Data included MRI of the spine and SIJs and self-reported responses to questions covering the Calin, Berlin, ASAS and Bailly inflammatory back pain (IBP) definitions...
April 20, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413219/contemporary-biopsychosocial-exercise-prescription-for-chronic-low-back-pain-questioning-core-stability-programs-and-considering-context
#4
Peter Stilwell, Katherine Harman
This commentary explores the importance of considering the biopsychosocial model and contextual factors when prescribing exercise. Diverse exercise programs for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) produce similar outcomes, without one specific exercise protocol demonstrating clear superiority. One clear barrier to positive outcomes is poor exercise adherence. We suggest that there are certain common contextual factors present in all exercise prescription scenarios that may impact adherence and health-related outcomes...
March 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413116/trunk-muscle-emg-during-intermediate-pilates-mat-exercises-in-beginner-healthy-and-chronic-low-back-pain-individuals
#5
Ivye L R Pereira, Bergson Queiroz, Jefferson Loss, César Amorim, Isabel C N Sacco
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the electromyographic pattern of core muscles during intermediate Pilates mat exercises between healthy people and those with low back pain. METHODS: We evaluated healthy participants (n = 19; mean ± standard deviation [SD]: age 28 ± 8 years, body mass 65 ± 10 kg, height 160.0 ± 9.1 cm) and a low back pain group (n = 13; mean ± SD: age 30 ± 9 years, body mass 67 ± 12 kg, height 170.0 ± 6.6 cm). Electromyographic analysis assessed the multifidus, external oblique, internal oblique, and rectus abdominis muscles during classical Pilates exercises (single leg stretch, criss-cross, and dead bug)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395308/evaluation-of-a-training-program-to-reduce-stressful-trunk-postures-in-the-nursing-professions-a-pilot-study
#6
Agnessa Kozak, Sonja Freitag, Albert Nienhaus
Objectives: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate metrologically the effectiveness of a training program on the reduction of stressful trunk postures in geriatric nursing professions. Methods: A training program, consisting of instruction on body postures in nursing, practical ergonomic work methods at the bedside or in the bathroom, reorganization of work equipment, and physical exercises, was conducted in 12 wards of 6 nursing homes in Germany. The Computer-Assisted Recording and Long-Term Analysis of Musculoskeletal Loads (CUELA) measurement system was used to evaluate all movements and trunk postures adopted during work before and 6 months after the training program...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394033/recovery-stress-patterns-and-low-back-pain-differences-in-pain-intensity-and-disability
#7
Jahan Heidari, Tobias Mierswa, Monika Hasenbring, Jens Kleinert, Claudia Levenig, Johanna Belz, Michael Kellmann
BACKGROUND: Recovery describes a restoring process influencing the health conditions of individuals but a potential link to low back pain (LBP) has not been scrutinized so far. Psychological strategies to deal with LBP have been considered within the biopsychosocial approach but substantial evidence regarding specific psychological underpinnings remains elusive. The current study aimed to compare individuals with different recovery-stress patterns (i.e. specific combinations of recovery/stress) regarding their pain and disability in the lower back...
April 10, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369946/does-exercise-increase-or-decrease-pain-central-mechanisms-underlying-these-two-phenomena
#8
Lucas V Lima, Thiago S S Abner, Kathleen A Sluka
Exercise is an integral part of the rehabilitation of patients suffering a variety of chronic musculoskeletal conditions, such as fibromyalgia, chronic low back pain and myofascial pain. Regular physical activity is recommended for treatment of chronic pain and its effectiveness has been established in clinical trials for people with a variety of pain conditions. However, exercise can also increase pain making participation in rehabilitation challenging for the person with pain. Animal models of exercise-induced pain have been developed and point to central mechanisms underlying this phenomena, such as increased activation of NMDA receptors in pain-modulating areas...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361275/effects-of-spinal-stabilization-exercises-in-women-with-benign-joint-hypermobility-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Seyda Toprak Celenay, Derya Ozer Kaya
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of an 8-week lumbar spinal stabilization exercise program on pain, trunk muscle endurance, and postural stability in women with benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS). Women with BJHS were randomly allocated into exercise (n = 20) and control (n = 18) groups. The lumbar spinal stabilization exercise program was carried out 3 days a week for 8 weeks. BJHS with Brighton criteria, musculoskeletal pain intensity with Visual Analog Scale, trunk muscle endurance with McGill's trunk muscle endurance tests, and postural stability as static and dynamic while eyes open and closed with Biodex Balance System SD were evaluated...
March 30, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360026/experiences-of-older-adults-with-mobile-phone-text-messaging-as-reminders-of-home-exercises-after-specialized-manual-therapy-for-recurrent-low-back-pain-a-qualitative-study
#10
Stina Charlotta Lilje, Ewy Olander, Johan Berglund, Eva Skillgate, Peter Anderberg
BACKGROUND: Clinical experience of manual therapy for musculoskeletal pain is that patients often suffer from recurrent pain and disorders, but that they do not continue to perform their physical home exercises when they are free from symptoms. The chance of positive long-term effects of manual therapy would probably increase if patients were reminded that they are to continue to perform their exercises. Mobile phone text messaging (short messaging service, SMS) is increasingly used as an innovative intervention to remind patient to exercise...
March 30, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356091/effects-of-yoga-strength-training-and-advice-on-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Elisabeth Björk Brämberg, Gunnar Bergström, Irene Jensen, Jan Hagberg, Lydia Kwak
BACKGROUND: Among the working population, non-specific low-back pain and neck pain are one of the most common reasons for sickness absenteeism. The aim was to evaluate the effects of an early intervention of yoga - compared with strength training or evidence-based advice - on sickness absenteeism, sickness presenteeism, back and neck pain and disability among a working population. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 159 participants with predominantly (90%) chronic back and neck pain...
March 29, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339334/a-movement-system-impairment-approach-to-evaluation-and-treatment-of-a-person-with-lumbar-radiculopathy-a-case-report
#12
Eileen Miller, Shirley A Sahrmann, Dale Avers
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are several systems of classification and treatment of patients with low back pain (LBP) based on assessment of the effect of lumbar postures and movements on symptoms. The efficacy of one of these systems, The Movement System Impairment (MSI) method, has not yet been demonstrated in the literature. The purpose of this case report is to describe the approach of the MSI method for an individual with lumbar radiculopathy. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 79-year-old woman with a history of chronic LBP was referred to PT with a physician's diagnosis of sciatica...
March 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331155/therapeutic-efficacy-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-therapy-versus-exercise-therapy-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-a-prospective-study
#13
Naoto Takahashi, Jun-Ichi Omata, Masumi Iwabuchi, Hironari Fukuda, Osamu Shirado
Therapy for chronic, nonspecific low back pain is mainly conservative: medication and/or exercise. Pharmacotherapy, however, has side effects, and the quantities of concomitant drugs in older persons require attention. Although exercise promises improved function, its use to alleviate pain is controversial. Thus, we compared the efficacy of pharmacotherapy versus exercise for treating chronic nonspecific low back pain. The pharmacotherapy group (n=18: 8 men, 10 women) were prescribed celecoxib monotherapy...
March 22, 2017: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302455/physical-activity-and-yoga-based-approaches-for-pregnancy-related-low-back-and-pelvic-pain
#14
REVIEW
Patricia Anne Kinser, Jena Pauli, Nancy Jallo, Mary Shall, Kailee Karst, Michelle Hoekstra, Angela Starkweather
OBJECTIVE: To conduct an integrative review to evaluate current literature about nonpharmacologic, easily accessible management strategies for pregnancy-related low back and pelvic pain (PR-LBPP). DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. STUDY SELECTION: Original research articles were considered for review if they were full-length publications written in English and published in peer-reviewed journals from 2005 through 2015, included measures of pain and symptoms related to PR-LBPP, and evaluated treatment modalities that used a physical exercise- or yoga-based approach for the described conditions...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291378/magnetic-resonance-spectroscopic-analysis-of-multifidus-muscles-lipid-content-and-association-with-spinopelvic-malalignment-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#15
Izaya Ogon, Tsuneo Takebayashi, Hiroyuki Takashima, Tomonori Morita, Mitsunori Yoshimoto, Yoshinori Terashima, Toshihiko Yamashita
OBJECTIVE: To analyze intramyocellular lipids (IMCLs) and extramyocellular lipids (EMCLs) of the multifidus muscle (Mm) using MR spectroscopy in chronic low back pain (CLBP) and control groups and to identify correlations with spinopelvic alignment. METHODS: 40 patients (16 males, 24 females; mean age, 62.9 ± 1.9 years) whose visual analogue scale scores were >30 mm for CLBP were included. Furthermore, 40 control participants matched with the CLBP group subjects by sample size, gender and age (17 males, 23 females; mean age, 65...
May 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279266/parallels-between-astronauts-and-terrestrial-patients-taking-physiotherapy-rehabilitation-to-infinity-and-beyond
#16
Julie Hides, Gunda Lambrecht, Gita Ramdharry, Rebecca Cusack, Jacob Bloomberg, Maria Stokes
Exposure to the microgravity environment induces physiological changes in the cardiovascular, musculoskeletal and sensorimotor systems in healthy astronauts. As space agencies prepare for extended duration missions, it is difficult to predict the extent of the effects that prolonged exposure to microgravity will have on astronauts. Prolonged bed rest is a model used by space agencies to simulate the effects of spaceflight on the human body, and bed rest studies have provided some insights into the effects of immobilisation and inactivity...
January 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277866/treatment-for-chronic-low-back-pain-the-focus-should-change-to-multimodal-management-that-reflects-the-underlying-pain-mechanisms
#17
Gerhard Müller-Schwefe, Bart Morlion, Karsten Ahlbeck, Eli Alon, Stefano Coaccioli, Flaminia Coluzzi, Frank Huygen, Wolfgang Jaksch, Eija Kalso, Magdalena Kocot-Kępska, Hans-Georg Kress, Ana Cristina Mangas, Cesar Margarit Ferri, Philippe Mavrocordatos, Andrew Nicolaou, Concepción Pérez Hernández, Joseph Pergolizzi, Michael Schäfer, Patrick Sichère
Chronic low back pain: Chronic pain is the most common cause for people to utilize healthcare resources and has a considerable impact upon patients' lives. The most prevalent chronic pain condition is chronic low back pain (CLBP). CLBP may be nociceptive or neuropathic, or may incorporate both components. The presence of a neuropathic component is associated with more intense pain of longer duration, and a higher prevalence of co-morbidities. However, many physicians' knowledge of chronic pain mechanisms is currently limited and there are no universally accepted treatment guidelines, so the condition is not particularly well managed...
March 22, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269481/accuracy-evaluation-of-the-kinect-v2-sensor-during-dynamic-movements-in-a-rehabilitation-scenario
#18
M Capecci, M G Ceravolo, F Ferracuti, S Iarlori, S Longhi, L Romeo, S N Russi, F Verdini
In this paper, the accuracy evaluation of the Kinect v2 sensor is investigated in a rehabilitation scenario. The accuracy analysis is provided in terms of joint positions and angles during dynamic postures used in low-back pain rehabilitation. Although other studies have focused on the validation of the accuracy in terms of joint angles and positions, they present results only considering static postures whereas the rehabilitation exercise monitoring involves to consider dynamic movements with a wide range of motion and issues related to the joints tracking...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260158/valuing-individuals-preferences-and-health-choices-of-physical-exercise
#19
Emmanuel Aboagye
The efficacy of physical exercise for the prevention and treatment of non-specific low back pain (LBP) is well documented, but little is known about how individuals value specific components of physical exercise, such as the type and design or the intensity and frequency of exercise. Other factors that influence individual differences in health choices and adherence are associated with individuals' attitudes toward and likelihood of performing recommended exercise regimens. Current evidence shows that efficacy is similar among exercise interventions, but their features vary widely...
March 4, 2017: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227733/accuracy-evaluation-of-the-kinect-v2-sensor-during-dynamic-movements-in-a-rehabilitation-scenario
#20
M Capecci, M G Ceravolo, F Ferracuti, S Iarlori, S Longhi, L Romeo, S N Russi, F Verdini, M Capecci, M G Ceravolo, F Ferracuti, S Iarlori, S Longhi, L Romeo, S N Russi, F Verdini, S Longhi, L Romeo, S N Russi, S Iarlori, M Capecci, F Ferracuti, M G Ceravolo, F Verdini
In this paper, the accuracy evaluation of the Kinect v2 sensor is investigated in a rehabilitation scenario. The accuracy analysis is provided in terms of joint positions and angles during dynamic postures used in low-back pain rehabilitation. Although other studies have focused on the validation of the accuracy in terms of joint angles and positions, they present results only considering static postures whereas the rehabilitation exercise monitoring involves to consider dynamic movements with a wide range of motion and issues related to the joints tracking...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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