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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191359/simultaneous-determination-of-5-flavonoids-and-7-saponins-for-quality-control-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-preparation-xinnaoshutong-capsule-using-hplc-vwd-elsd
#1
Jin Li, Yang Bai, Peng Zhang, Jun He, Jun Cao, Mingrui An, Li-Min Hu, Xiu-Mei Gao, Yan-Xu Chang
Xinnaoshutong capsule (XC) is a traditional Chinese prescription derived from the ripe fruit of Tribulus terrestris L. (TT). Although XC has long been considered as an important herbal medicine, no analytical method of marker compounds for quality assessment is registered in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. A simple analytical method of twelve marker components was developed and validated by HPLC-VWD-ELSD method. Chromatographic separation by HPLC was carried out on a Hedera ODS 2 column (4.6 × 250 mm, 5 μm) by gradient elution with acetonitrile-water (0...
2017: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182848/simultaneous-determination-of-8-b-vitamins-in-rat-intestinal-perfusate-to-identify-effects-of-osmotic-pressures-on-absorptions
#2
Xiaobo Wang, Jian Xiao, Hui Zhou, Ying Qiu, Hui Peng, Yangyang Sun, Jiwen Zhang, Wei Qian, Lixin Sun
A rapid and accurate HPLC-DAD method was developed and validated to simultaneously determine eight B-vitamins (VBs, namely thiamine, riboflavin, niacinamide, calcium pantothenic, pyridoxine, biotin, folic acid, and cyanocobalamin) and phenolsulfonphthalein in rat intestinal perfusate. Chromatography separation was achieved using an Inertsil ODS-3 column (250 × 4.6 mm i.d., 5 µm) at the temperature of 40 °C. Gradient elution mode was applied at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min with the mobile phase of acetonitrile-30 mM K2 HPO4 (pH 5...
February 9, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161783/mechanism-of-extractive-oxidative-desulfurization-using-the-ionic-liquid-inimidazole-acetate-a-computational-study
#3
Hanlu Wang, Mingsheng Xu, Rujin Zhou
The dual role of the ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methyl-imidazolium trifluoroacetic acid ([C4mim]TFA) as an extractant for thiophene (TH) and a catalyst for the oxidation of TH was explored at the molecular level by performing density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The calculated interaction energies demonstrated why [C4mim]TFA is a better extractant for thiophene sulfone (THO2) than for TH. Two pathways were proposed for the oxidation of TH to THO2 with [C4mim]TFA acting as a catalyst. In the dominant pathway, a peracid is formed which then oxidizes TH to the sulfoxide and sulfones...
February 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150570/identification-characterization-and-quantification-of-impurities-of-safinamide-mesilate-process-related-impurities-and-degradation-products
#4
Liang Zou, Lili Sun, Hui Zhang, Wenkai Hui, Qiaogen Zou, Zheying Zhu
The characterization of process-related impurities and degradation products of safinamide mesilate (SAFM) in bulk drugand a stability-indicating HPLC method for the separation and quantification of all the impurities were investigated. Four process-related impurities (Imp-B, Imp-C, Imp-D, and Imp-E) were found in the SAFM bulk drug. Five degradation products (Imp-A, Imp-C, Imp-D, Imp-E, and Imp-F) were observed in SAFM under oxidative conditions. Imp-C, Imp-D, and Imp-E were also degradation products and process-related impurities...
February 2, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132057/is-beta-blocker-use-beneficial-in-breast-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#5
Hyun Yul Kim, Youn Joo Jung, Sang Hyup Lee, Hyuk Jae Jung, Kyoungjune Pak
OBJECTIVE: Preclinical studies have proved that beta-blocking agents inhibit several pathways for breast cancer progression and metastasis. We aimed to evaluate the association between beta-blocker use and prognosis of breast cancer. METHODS: A systematic search for studies from MEDLINE and EMBASE (inception to March 2014) was performed using the keywords "breast cancer" and "beta-blocker." In 2 groups of breast cancer patients (beta-blocker users and non-beta-blocker users), overall deaths (ODs), cancer-specific deaths (CSDs), and recurrences were compared...
January 28, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131058/analytical-method-development-and-validation-for-the-analysis-of-verapamil-hydrochloride-and-its-related-substances-by-using-ultra-perfomance-liquid-chromatography
#6
S Vijayabaskar, V Mahalingam, Kalaivani
A novel, economic, and time-efficient stability-indicating, reverse-phase ultra-performance liquid chromatographic (RP-UPLC) method has been developed for the analysis of verapamil hydrochloride in the presence of both impurities and degradation products generated by forced degradation. When verapamil hydrochloride was subjected to acid hydrolysis, oxidative, base hydrolysis, photolytic, and thermal stress, degradation was observed only in oxidative and base hydrolysis. The drug was found to be stable to other stress conditions...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120260/evaluation-of-a-premixed-insulin-analog-suspension-in-japanese-people-with-type-2-diabetes-and-the-clinical-importance-of-improved-injection-techniques-a-cross-sectional-pilot-study
#7
Kunihiro Suzuki, Chie Aoki, Kanako Kato, Masanori Shimizu, Shintaro Sakurai, Kazunori Yanagi, Hisamoto Kuroda, Yoshimasa Aso
INTRODUCTION: Patients with type 2 diabetes, who live in Asian countries, often use premixed insulin analogs. However, if these solutions are insufficiently mixed prior to use, patients will receive inaccurate doses of intermediate- and/or short-acting insulin, which could affect diabetes control. This study aimed to determine whether insulin users were correctly resuspending premixed insulin analog solutions prior to use. METHODS: We investigated whether Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes were correctly resuspending their premixed insulin analog solutions by assessing the optical densities (ODs) of the solutions...
January 24, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090134/outcome-dependent-sampling-design-and-inference-for-cox-s-proportional-hazards-model
#8
Jichang Yu, Yanyan Liu, Jianwen Cai, Dale P Sandler, Haibo Zhou
We propose a cost-effective outcome-dependent sampling design for the failure time data and develop an efficient inference procedure for data collected with this design. To account for the biased sampling scheme, we derive estimators from a weighted partial likelihood estimating equation. The proposed estimators for regression parameters are shown to be consistent and asymptotically normally distributed. A criteria that can be used to optimally implement the ODS design in practice is proposed and studied. The small sample performance of the proposed method is evaluated by simulation studies...
November 2016: Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079191/enhanced-radiation-tolerant-oxide-dispersion-strengthened-steel-and-its-microstructure-evolution-under-helium-implantation-and-heavy-ion-irradiation
#9
Chenyang Lu, Zheng Lu, Xu Wang, Rui Xie, Zhengyuan Li, Michael Higgins, Chunming Liu, Fei Gao, Lumin Wang
The world eagerly needs cleanly-generated electricity in the future. Fusion reactor is one of the most ideal energy resources to defeat the environmental degradation caused by the consumption of traditional fossil energy. To meet the design requirements of fusion reactor, the development of the structural materials which can sustain the elevated temperature, high helium concentration and extreme radiation environments is the biggest challenge for the entire material society. Oxide dispersion strengthened steel is one of the most popular candidate materials for the first wall/blanket applications in fusion reactor...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079022/lifitegrast-for-the-treatment-of-dry-eye-disease-results-of-a-phase-iii-randomized-double-masked-placebo-controlled-trial-opus-3
#10
Edward J Holland, Jodi Luchs, Paul M Karpecki, Kelly K Nichols, Mitchell A Jackson, Kenneth Sall, Joseph Tauber, Monica Roy, Aparna Raychaudhuri, Amir Shojaei
PURPOSE: Lifitegrast is a lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 antagonist developed to reduce inflammation in dry eye disease (DED). We report the results of OPUS-3 (NCT02284516), a phase III study evaluating the efficacy and safety of lifitegrast versus placebo in participants with DED. DESIGN: Twelve-week, phase III, randomized, double-masked, multicenter, placebo-controlled study. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged ≥18 years with Schirmer tear test (without anesthesia) ≥1 and ≤10 mm, corneal fluorescein staining score ≥2...
January 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065697/bioactive-diarylheptanoids-and-stilbenes-from-the-rhizomes-of-dioscorea-septemloba-thunb
#11
Yi Zhang, Jingya Ruan, Jian Li, Liping Chao, Wenzhong Shi, Haiyang Yu, Xiumei Gao, Tao Wang
The 70% ethanol extract of Dioscorea septemloba rhizomes was subjected to chromatographic columns including silica gel, ODS, D101 resin, Sephadex LH-20 and HPLC, to yield three new diarylheptanoids (1-3) and two novel stilbenes (4 and 5), together with six known ones (6-11). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive 1D NMR ((1)H and (13)C), 2D NMR (COSY, HSQC, HMBC, NOESY), IR, and MS spectroscopic data analyses. Moreover, the in vitro bioactivity screening experiment suggested that compounds 6-8 and 10 could significantly increase the glucose consumption in differentiated L6 myotubes, and that 2, 9-11 displayed triglyceride inhibitory effects in HepG2 cells...
January 5, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047893/tu-h-campus-tep3-04-probing-the-dose-enhancement-due-to-a-clinically-relevant-concentration-of-gold-nanoparticles-and-yb-169-gamma-rays-using-presage-dosimeters
#12
J Cho, M Alqathami, F Reynoso, S Cho
PURPOSE: To probe physical evidences of the dose enhancement due to a low/clinically-relevant concentration of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) and Yb-169 gamma rays using PRESAGE dosimeters. METHODS: A PRESAGE cuvette was placed at approximately 2 mm above the plane containing three novel Yb-169 brachytherapy seeds (3.2, 3.2, and 5.3 mCi each). Two types of PRESAGE dosimeters were used - plain PRESAGEs (controls) and PRESAGEs loaded with 0.02 wt. % of GNPs (GNP-PRESAGEs)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027699/two-new-compounds-from-atractylodes-macrocephala-with-neuroprotective-activity
#13
Na Zhang, Chao Liu, Tie-Min Sun, Xiao-Ku Ran, Ting-Guo Kang, De-Qiang Dou
In the present study, two new compounds, together with six known compounds, were isolated from rhizome of Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz by a series of silica gel, ODS column chromatography, and preparative HPLC. Their structures were characterized as atractylenolide II (1), atractylenolide I (2), biepiasterolid (3), isoatractylenolide I (4), atractylenolide III (5), 3β-acetoxyl atractylenolide I (6), (4E,6E,12E)-tetradeca-4,6,12-triene-8,10-diyne-13,14-triol (7), (3S,4E,6E,12E)-1-acetoxy-tetradeca-4,6,12-triene-8,10-diyne-3,14-diol (8) on the basis of 1D, 2D NMR, and circular dichroism analyses...
January 2017: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999287/simultaneous-qualitation-and-quantitation-of-chlorogenic-acids-in-kuding-tea-using-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-diode-array-detection-coupled-with-linear-ion-trap-orbitrap-mass-spectrometer
#14
Yanyun Che, Zhibin Wang, Zhiyun Zhu, Yangyang Ma, Yaqiong Zhang, Wen Gu, Jiayu Zhang, Gaoxiong Rao
Kuding tea, the leaves of Ilex Kudingcha C.J. Tseng, has been applied for treating obesity, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, hyperlipidemia, and so on. The chlorogenic acids (CGAs) in Kuding tea have shown excellent antioxidative, antiobesity, anti-atherosclerotic and anticancer activities. Nevertheless, the chemical profiles of CGAs in Kuding tea have not been comprehensively studied yet, which hinders further quality control. In the present study, a sensitive ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection coupled with a linear ion trap-Orbitrap (UHPLC-DAD-LTQ-Orbitrap) method was established to screen and identify CGAs in Kuding tea...
December 16, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966260/statistical-inferences-for-data-from-studies-conducted-with-an-aggregated-multivariate-outcome-dependent-sample-design
#15
Tsui-Shan Lu, Matthew P Longnecker, Haibo Zhou
Outcome-dependent sampling (ODS) scheme is a cost-effective sampling scheme where one observes the exposure with a probability that depends on the outcome. The well-known such design is the case-control design for binary response, the case-cohort design for the failure time data, and the general ODS design for a continuous response. While substantial work has been carried out for the univariate response case, statistical inference and design for the ODS with multivariate cases remain under-developed. Motivated by the need in biological studies for taking the advantage of the available responses for subjects in a cluster, we propose a multivariate outcome-dependent sampling (multivariate-ODS) design that is based on a general selection of the continuous responses within a cluster...
March 15, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941814/development-of-an-oxide-dispersion-strengthened-steel-by-introducing-oxygen-carrier-compound-into-the-melt-aided-by-a-general-thermodynamic-model
#16
Mohammad Amin Moghadasi, Mahmoud Nili-Ahmadabadi, Farsad Forghani, Hyoung Seop Kim
In general, melting process is not a common method for the production of oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) alloys due to agglomeration and coarsening of oxide particles. However, vacuum casting process has recently been employed as a promising process to produce micro-scale oxide dispersed alloys. In this paper, we report the process and characterization of in situ formation and uniform dispersion of nano-scale Y-Ti oxide particles in Fe-10Ni-7Mn (wt.%) alloy. The processing route involves a solid-liquid reaction between the added TiO2 as an oxygen carrier and dissolved yttrium in liquid metal leading to an optimal microstructure with nano-sized dispersed oxide particles...
December 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914995/transdermal-skin-patch-based-on-reduced-graphene-oxide-a-new-approach-for-photothermal-triggered-permeation-of-ondansetron-across-porcine-skin
#17
Florina Teodorescu, Gurvan Quéniat, Catherine Foulon, Marie Lecoeur, Alexandre Barras, Samia Boulahneche, Mohmaed Salah Medjram, Thomas Hubert, Amar Abderrahmani, Rabah Boukherroub, Sabine Szunerits
The development of a skin-mounted patch capable of controlled transcutaneous delivery of therapeutics through thermal activation provides a unique solution for the controlled release of active principles over long-term periods. Here, we report on a flexible transdermal patch for photothermal triggered release of ondansetron (ODS), a commonly used drug for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting and used as model compound here. To achieve this, a dispersion of ODS-loaded reduced graphene oxide (rGO-ODS) nanosheets were deposited onto Kapton to produce a flexible polyimide-based patch...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906622/sensitive-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-lc-ms-assay-reveals-novel-insights-on-dna-methylation-and-incorporation-of-gemcitabine-its-metabolite-difluorodeoxyuridine-deoxyuridine-and-rx-3117-into-dna
#18
Richard J Honeywell, Dzjemma Sarkisjan, Ietje Kathmann, Michael H Kristensen, Godefridus J Peters
Antimetabolites are incorporated into DNA and RNA, affecting their function. Liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry (LC-MS-MS) permits the sensitive, selective analysis of normal nucleosides. The method was adapted to measure the incorporation of deoxyuridine, gemcitabine (difluorodeoxycytidine), its metabolite difluorodeoxyuridine (dFdU), and the novel compound fluorocyclopentenylcytosine (RX3117). DNA was degraded to its deoxynucleotides for quantification by LC-MS-MS, gradient chromatography on a Phenomenex prodigy-3-ODS with positive ionization...
December 2016: Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905700/use-of-ozone-depleting-substances-direct-final-rule
#19
(no author information available yet)
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA, the Agency, or we) is amending its regulation on uses of ozone-depleting substances (ODSs), including chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), to remove the designation for certain products as "essential uses" under the Clean Air Act. Essential-use products are exempt from the ban by FDA on the use of CFCs and other ODS propellants in FDA-regulated products and from the ban by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on the use of ODSs in pressurized dispensers. The products that will no longer constitute an essential use are: Sterile aerosol talc administered intrapleurally by thoracoscopy for human use and metered-dose atropine sulfate aerosol human drugs administered by oral inhalation...
October 26, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892658/occupational-syncarcinogenesis-in-the-skin-combined-effects-of-two-carcinogens-from-the-german-occupational-disease-list
#20
Heinrich Dickel, Otto Blome, Beate Dickel, Thomas Bruckner, Eggert Stockfleth, Silas Paras Soemantri
BACKGROUND: Though scientifically undisputed, cutaneous syncarcinogenesis is not reflected in German occupational disease (OD) regulations, which tend to be guided by the tenet of monocausality. Recognition of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and its precursor lesions as OD requires individual assessment as to whether the requirements pursuant to either OD 5103 (occupational exposure to natural UV radiation) or OD 5102 (occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) are fulfilled...
December 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
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