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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778025/combined-different-dehydration-pretreatments-and-torrefaction-to-upgrade-fuel-properties-of-hybrid-pennisetum-pennisetum-americanum-%C3%A3-p-purpureum
#1
Yan Yu, Guanghui Wang, Xiaopeng Bai, Jude Liu, Decheng Wang, Zhiqin Wang
Different dehydrating methods combined with torrefaction were investigated to find the underlying mechanism that how dehydration process influence the degree of hornification. Hybrid pennisetum was selected as the experiment material. Oven-dried sample (ODS), crushed dried sample (CDS), and sun-cured dried sample (SDS) were torrefied under the temperature of 275 °C and 300 °C with the duration time of 60 min. The results showed that, changes in elevated carbon content and higher heating value (HHV) and reduced oxygen content of SDS were the most obvious under identical torrefaction conditions...
May 16, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751713/-chemical-constituents-from-roots-of-datura-metel
#2
Bing-You Yang, Chun-Li Yang, Yan Liu, Hai-Xue Kuang
The chemical constituents from the n-butanol fraction of the 70% ethanol extract of Datura metel roots were separated by silica gel and ODS chromatogram columns as well as preparative HPLC. On the basis of spectral data analysis, their structures were elucidated. Twenty-one compounds were obtained and their structures were identified as citroside A (1), coniferin (2), paeoniflorin (3), (6R,7E,9R)-9-hydroxy-4,7-megastigmadien-3-one 9-O-[α-L-arabin-opyranosyl-(l→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside] (4), (1R,7R,10R,11R)-12-hydroxyl anhuienosol (5), kaurane acid glycoside A (6), ent-2-oxo-15,16-dihydroxypimar-8(14)-en-16-O-β-glucopyranoside (7), ginsenoside Rg₁(8), ginsenoside Re (9), notoginsenosides R₁(10), N-butyl-O-β-D-fructofuranoside (11), salidroside (12), hexyl β-sophoroside (13), 2,6-dimethoxy-4-hydroxyphenol 1-glucoside (14), benzyl-O-β-D-xylopyranoxyl(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside (15), (Z)-3-hexenyl-O-α-L-arabinopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside (16), N-[2-(3,4-dihydro-xyphenyl)-2-hydroxyethyl]-3-(4-methoxyphenyl) prop-2-enamide (17), cannabisin D (18), cannabisin E (19), melongenamide B (20), paprazine (21)...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729639/method-development-and-application-for-multi-component-quantification-in-rats-after-oral-administration-of-longxuetongluo-capsule-by-uhplc-ms-ms
#3
Jing Sun, Huixia Huo, Yuelin Song, Jiao Zheng, Yunfang Zhao, Wenzhe Huang, Yonghua Wang, Jingbo Zhu, Pengfei Tu, Jun Li
Although wide applications towards ischemic stroke in clinic, the therapeutic materials of Longxuetongluo Capsule (LTC) that is composed of total phenolic extract of Chinese dragon's blood, are still largely unclear. Exposure pattern characterization of those drug-derived components in vivo, notably in circulation system has been recommended as a viable approach to disclose the effective components of a given herbal medicine. Herein, we aimed to develop a robust method being capable of multi-component quantification in either rat plasma or tissues following oral administration of LTC, and to clarify the kinetic profiles of 11 primary drug-derived phenolic derivatives...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728039/-studies-on-alkaloids-from-ervatamia-pandacaqui
#4
Qing-Hua Zhang, Yun Ding, Wen-Xin Bai, Jian Zhang, Xiao-Qi Zhang, Wen-Cai Ye
To inverstigate the alkaloids from the twigs and leaves of Ervatamia pandacaqui, eleven known alkaloids were isolated by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and ODS column chromatography, as well as RP-HPLC. Their structures were elucidated by UV, IR, MS, and NMR spectral data as coronaridine (1), 3-oxocoronaridine (2), 19S-heyneanine (3), 19R-heyneanine (4), voacangine (5), 3-oxovoacangine (6), voacristine (7), 19-epi-voacristine (8), iso-voacangine (9), coronaridine 7-hydroxyindolenine (10), and voacangine 7-hydroxyindolenine (11)...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722050/simultaneous-determination-of-multicomponent-of-acetylkitasamycin-and-kitasamycin-by-lc-ms-ms-in-swine-plasma-and-its-application-in-a-pharmacokinetic-study
#5
Yuanhu Pan, Heying Zhang, Chenglong Xi, Lingli Huang, Shuyu Xie, Dongmei Chen, Yanfei Tao, Zhenli Liu, Zonghui Yuan
A simple and reliable LC-MS/MS method was established for simultaneous determination of twelve components from acetylkitasamycin and kitasamycin in swine plasma. The analytes were separated by a Shim-pack VP-ODS column with a 25 min gradient elution using 5 mmol/L ammonium acetate and acetonitrile as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.2 mL/min. Identification and quantification were accomplished by electrospray ionization (ESI) in positive mode using multiple reaction monitoring (MRM). The LOQS of acetylkitasamycin A1 A3 , A13 and kitasamycin A3 , A13 were 3 μg/L, and that of the other 8 components were 5 μg/L...
May 2, 2018: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719461/qualitative-and-quantitative-analysis-of-the-saponins-in-panax-notoginseng-leaves-using-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-time-of-flight-tandem-mass-spectrometry-and-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-uv-detector
#6
Fang Liu, Ni Ma, Chengwei He, Yuanjia Hu, Peng Li, Meiwan Chen, Huanxing Su, Jian-Bo Wan
Background: Panax notoginseng leaves (PNL) exhibit extensive activities, but few analytical methods have been established to exclusively determine the dammarane triterpene saponins in PNL. Methods: Ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/Q-TOF MS) and HPLC-UV methods were developed for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of ginsenosides in PNL, respectively. Results: Extraction conditions, including solvents and extraction methods, were optimized, which showed that ginsenosides Rc and Rb3, the main components of PNL, are transformed to notoginsenosides Fe and Fd, respectively, in the presence of water, by removing a glucose residue from position C-3 via possible enzymatic hydrolysis...
April 2018: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716857/development-of-a-rapid-resolution-hplc-method-for-the-quantitative-determination-of-sitagliptin-in-human-plasma
#7
Qaiser Iqbal, Sajid Bashir, Syed Umer Jan, Muhammad Zubair Malik, Iftikhar Afzal, Ayesha Khalid
A new high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for the quantitative determination of sitagliptin in human plasma was developed and validated for pharmacokinetics study. The plasma was spiked with the internal standard (Salbutamol, IS), extracted with trichloro acetic acid. The extracted analyte was injected into a Symmetry® ODS C18 column (250mm×4.5mm, 5m) and the flourometric detector was operated at 267nm for excitation and 575nm for emission. The mobile phase consisting of Potassium dihydrogen phosphate buffer pH (4...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715021/isoindolinones-phthalides-and-a-naphthoquinone-from-the-fruiting-body-of-daldinia-concentrica
#8
Hitoshi Kamauchi, Yuki Shiraishi, Akiyo Kojima, Naoki Kawazoe, Kaoru Kinoshita, Kiyotaka Koyama
A chemical investigation of the ascomycetes of Daldinia concentrica was performed using silica gel column chromatography, ODS column chromatography, and preparative HPLC. Two new isoindolinone compounds, daldinans B (1) and C (2), two new phthalide compounds, daldinolides A (3) and B (4), and a new naphthoquinone, daldiquinone (5), were isolated together with two known compounds (6 and 7). The structures of 1, 2, and 5 were established using NMR, MS, and IR methods, and the structures of 3 and 4 were determined by derivatization from known compounds (6 and 7)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706403/facile-preparation-of-an-alternating-copolymer-based-high-molecular-shape-selective-organic-phase-for-reversed-phase-liquid-chromatography
#9
Abul K Mallik, Hiroki Noguchi, Mohammed Mizanur Rahman, Makoto Takafuji, Hirotaka Ihara
The synthesis of a new alternating copolymer-grafted silica phase is described for the separation of shape-constrained isomers of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and tocopherols in reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). Telomerization of the monomers (octadecyl acrylate and N-methylmaleimide) was carried out with a silane coupling agent; 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane (MPS), and the telomer (T) was grafted onto porous silica surface to prepare the alternating copolymer-grafted silica phase (Sil-alt-T)...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703665/does-the-instrument-used-for-the-implant-site-preparation-influence-the-bone-implant-interface-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-and-animal-studies
#10
REVIEW
P H W Tretto, V Fabris, G O Cericato, R Sarkis-Onofre, A Bacchi
This systematic review evaluates the influence of the instrument used for the implant site preparation on the bone-implant interface. Any type of clinical or animal study were searched for in MEDLINE/PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and SciVerse Scopus. Two independent reviewers screened titles/abstracts of articles and the full-text of potentially eligible studies. Comparisons of bone to implant contact and crestal bone loss were estimated using pairwise meta-analysis. Twenty-nine studies met the inclusion criteria...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701935/risk-factors-for-overdose-in-treatment-seeking-youth-with-substance-use-disorders
#11
Amy M Yule, Nicholas W Carrellas, Maura Fitzgerald, James W McKowen, Jessica E Nargiso, Brandon G Bergman, John F Kelly, Timothy E Wilens
OBJECTIVE: Overdoses (ODs) are among the leading causes of death in youth with substance use disorders (SUDs). Our aim was to identify the prevalence of OD and characteristics associated with a history of OD in youth presenting for SUD outpatient care. METHODS: A systematic retrospective medical record review was conducted of consecutive psychiatric and SUD evaluations for patients aged 16 to 26 years with DSM-IV-TR criteria SUD at entry into an outpatient SUD treatment program for youth between January 2012 and June 2013...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700965/boin-et-bayesian-optimal-interval-design-for-dose-finding-based-on-both-efficacy-and-toxicity-outcomes
#12
Kentaro Takeda, Masataka Taguri, Satoshi Morita
One of the main purposes of a phase I dose-finding trial in oncology is to identify an optimal dose (OD) that is both tolerable and has an indication of therapeutic benefit for subjects in subsequent phase II and III trials. Many phase I dose-finding methods based solely on toxicity considerations have been proposed under the assumption that both toxicity and efficacy monotonically increase with the dose level. Such an assumption may not be necessarily the case, however, when evaluating the OD for molecular targeted, cytostatic, and biological agents, as well as immune-oncology therapy...
April 26, 2018: Pharmaceutical Statistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682775/secondary-outcome-analysis-for-data-from-an-outcome-dependent-sampling-design
#13
Yinghao Pan, Jianwen Cai, Matthew P Longnecker, Haibo Zhou
Outcome-dependent sampling (ODS) scheme is a cost-effective way to conduct a study. For a study with continuous primary outcome, an ODS scheme can be implemented where the expensive exposure is only measured on a simple random sample and supplemental samples selected from 2 tails of the primary outcome variable. With the tremendous cost invested in collecting the primary exposure information, investigators often would like to use the available data to study the relationship between a secondary outcome and the obtained exposure variable...
April 22, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681969/standardization-of-the-manufacturing-process-of-bee-venom-pharmacopuncture-containing-melittin-as-the-active-ingredient
#14
Yoonmi Lee, Sung-Geun Kim, In-Su Kim, Hwa-Dong Lee
Background: Pharmacopuncture is a unique treatment in oriental medicine that combines chemical stimulation with conventional acupuncture. However, there are no standardized methods for preparing the herbal medicines used in pharmacopuncture, and it is not clear whether the active ingredients are safe and stable. Several studies have investigated nonstandardized preparation processes, but few investigations have addressed safety and preparation methods. Pharmacopuncture may provide an alternative treatment for incurable diseases...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679041/a-new-protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-1b-inhibitory-%C3%AE-pyrone-type-polyketide-from-okinawan-plant-associated-aspergillus-sp-tmpu1623
#15
Hiroyuki Yamazaki, Kenta Takahashi, Natsuki Iwakura, Tatsuki Abe, Masanari Akaishi, Satomi Chiba, Michio Namikoshi, Ryuji Uchida
A new polyenyl-α-pyrone polyketide, aspopyrone A (1), was isolated from a culture broth of Okinawan plant-associated Aspergillus sp. TMPU1623 by solvent extraction, ODS column chromatography, and preparative HPLC (ODS). The structure of 1 was assigned based on NMR experiments. Compound 1 exhibited protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) 1B and T-cell PTP (TCPTP) inhibitory activities with IC50 values of 6.7 and 6.0 μM, respectively.
April 20, 2018: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676124/-four-new-cis-phenylethanoid-glycosides-from-stems-of-cistanche-deserticola-cultured-in-tarim-desert
#16
Ze-Dong Nan, Hua-Zhong Ren, Ming-Bo Zhao, Yong Jiang, Peng-Fei Tu
In order to clarify the chemical constituents of Cistanche deserticola cultured in Tarim desert, a systematically phytochemical investigation was carried out. The chemical constituents were isolated by column chromatography, such as silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, MCI gel, ODS and semi-preparative HPLC, and their structures were determined on the basis of MS, NMR spectroscopic analysis, and comparison with literature data. Four compounds were isolated from the 85% ethanol extract of the stems of C. cultured in Tarim desert...
March 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643308/porous-organic-cage-embedded-c18-amide-silica-stationary-phase-for-high-performance-liquid-chromatography
#17
Xuemeng Zhang, Hengye Li, Lin Zhang, Fenying Kong, Dahe Fan, Wei Wang
Reduced imine cage (RCC3) was first adopted for the preparation of porous organic cage embedded C18 amide silica stationary phase for high performance liquid chromatography. The prepared stationary phase was characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Fourier transformation infrared spectrum (FT-IR). Its chromatographic performance under reversed-phase mode was investigated in detail and compared with that of an ODS column. Multiple interactions, including hydrophobic interaction, π-π interactions, electrostatic interactions and hydrogen bonding, were involved due to the synergism of the C18 chain and RCC3...
2018: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626790/ph-gradient-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometric-assay-for-determination-of-underivatized-polyamines-in-cancer-cells
#18
Hwang Eui Cho, Min H Kang
Altered levels of polyamines in biological specimens have been suggested as potential biomarkers for cancer. Difluoromethylornithine (DFMO, an irreversible inhibitor of ornithine decarboxylase) is reported to modulate polyamines to potentially attenuate proliferation of neuroblastoma cells. A clinical trial is being conducted to evaluate DFMO in various cancers. To determine the pharmacodynamics effect of DFMO, an analytical assay is needed to accurately measure the changes in polyamines in cancer cells. In this study, a novel pH gradient LC-ESI-MS/MS method was developed and validated for the quantitation of polyamines (putrescine, spermidine and spermine) in cancer cells...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600652/-study-on-antioxidant-activity-of-flavonoids-from-leaves-of-psidium-guajava
#19
Yu-Jing Zhao, Jian-Kuan Li, Xin Zhang, Jian-Ping Gao
The present study is to study the chemical constituents from ethanol extract of Psidium guajava leaves. The constituents were separated and purified by silica gel column chromaiographios over, macroporous resin D-101, Sephadex LH-20, and ODS. Six flavonoids compounds were isolated and identified as quercetin(1), quercetin-3- O - α -D-arabinopyranoside(2), quercetin-3- O - α -D-ribopyranoside(3), quercetin-3- O - β -D-galactopyranoside(4), quercetin-3- O - α -D-glucopyranoside(5), and quercetin-3- O - α- D-xylpyranoside(6)...
February 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600618/-a-new-dimeric-xanthanolide-from-fruits-of-xanthium-chinense
#20
Peng-Fei Wang, Shi-Dong Deng, Jing Qu, Shi-Shan Yu
Through the methods of polyamide resin, Sephadex LH-20, ODS column chromatography and preparative HPLC etc., 7 compounds were isolated from the 70% ethanol extract of the fruits of Xanthium chinense. Based on ESI-MS and NMR data, the structures of these compounds were identified as pungiolide O(1), grasshopper ketone(2), icariside F₂(3), 7-[(β-D-apiofuranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranosyl)oxymethy]-8,8-dimethyl-4,8-dihydrobenzo[1,4]thiazine-3,5-dione(4),(6R,9S)-3-oxo-α-ionol β-D-glucopyranoside(5), cryptochlorogenic acid methyl ester(6), and chlorogenic acid methyl ester(7)...
February 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
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