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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728243/-the-treatment-effect-of-eustachian-tube-atresia-with-laser-and-connical-plastic-tube-after-radiotherapy-for-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#1
H G Gao, J Tong, W W Chen
Objective: To investigate the method in treatment of Eustschian tube atresia caused by radiotherapy. Methods: Two cases diagnosed of Eustschian tube atresia following radiotherapy were retrospectively analyzed in Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Divided Hospital of Shanghai University Communication Affiliated First People Hospital in Apr. 2014 and Oct. 2015. Both cases were female, 65 and 64 years old, and accepted radiotherapy six and 20 years ago respectively. The pharyngeal orifices of Eustschian tube were found to be totally closed under endoscope...
July 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708793/patulous-eustachian-tube-and-otitis-media-with-effusion-as-complications-after-trigeminal-nerve-injury
#2
Ryoukichi Ikeda, Toshimitsu Kobayashi, Masayuki Yoshida, Naohiro Yoshida, Toshiaki Kikuchi, Takeshi Oshima, Tetsuaki Kawase, Yukio Katori
OBJECTIVES: To describe three patients of patulous Eustachian tube (pET) after trigeminal nerve injury and to demonstrate for the first time their magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings to hypothesize the mechanism of the pET after trigeminal nerve injury. PATIENTS: Three patients presented with autophony after trigeminal nerve injury caused by the removal of intracranial tumors. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical patient records, audiological data, and MRI...
July 13, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687415/age-related-changes-in-the-morphological-relationship-between-the-supratubal-recess-and-the-eustachian-tube
#3
Juan Hong, Keguang Chen, Huiying Lyu, Dongming Yin, Lin Yang, Tianyu Zhang, Peidong Dai
OBJECTIVE: To study age-related changes in the morphology of the supratubal recess (STR) and its relationship with the Eustachian tube (ET). METHODS: Seventy randomly selected computed tomography (CT) images of non-pathological temporal bones of 49 patients were reviewed retrospectively. The patients were grouped according to age into 4 age groups: group A (0-3 years), group B (4-8 years), group C (9-18 years) and group D (19-50 years). Space analytic geometry was assessed to directly calculate the morphology of the STR and the ET...
July 4, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653563/long-term-otologic-and-audiometric-outcomes-in-patients-with-cleft-palate
#4
Terence E Imbery, Lindsay B Sobin, Emily Commesso, Lindsey Koester, Sherard A Tatum, Danning Huang, Dongliang Wang, Brian D Nicholas
Objective Describe longitudinal audiometric and otologic outcomes in patients with cleft palates. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Single academic medical center. Methods Charts of 564 patients with a diagnosis of cleft palate (59% syndromic etiology, 41% nonsyndromic) from 1998 to 2014 were reviewed. Patients without at least 1 audiometric follow-up were excluded from analysis. Patient demographics, surgeries, audiometric tests, and otologic data were recorded for 352 patients. Results Forty-five percent had isolated cleft palates, 34% had unilateral cleft lip and palate, and 21% had bilateral cleft lip and palate...
June 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648433/the-importance-of-recognizing-the-prominent-eustachian-valve-in-the-evaluation-of-atrial-septal-defects-before-percutaneous-or-surgical-closure
#5
Burak Acar, Ozcan Ozeke, Bahar Tekin Tak, Ahmet Akdi, Firdevs Aysenur Ekizler, Habibe Kafes, Kadir Ocak, Zehra Golbasi, Omac Tufekcioglu, Erdogan Ilkay
Atrial septal defect closure is now routinely performed using a percutaneous approach under echocardiographic guidance. Since some echocardiographic features play an important role in the assessment of the defect and safety of the procedure, the salient features of the anatomical variations seen in adults undergoing transcatheter device closure should be well known to prevent inadvertent adverse effect or complications. It has been reported that the valve of the inferior vena cava, Eustachian valve, could be mistaken as the atrial septum thus ending in a wrong diagnosis and causing inadvertent surgical or percutaneous closure of an Eustachian valve to interatrial septum...
May 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641325/superior-canal-dehiscence-syndrome-associated-with-scuba-diving
#6
Naoharu Kitajima, Akemi Sugita-Kitajima, Seiji Kitajima
A 28-year-old female diver presented with dizziness and difficulty clearing her left ear whilst scuba diving. Her pure-tone audiometry and tympanometry were normal. Testing of Eustachian tube function revealed tubal stenosis. Video-oculography revealed a predominantly torsional nystagmus while the patient was in the lordotic position. Fistula signs were positive. High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the temporal bone revealed a diagnosis of bilateral superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SCDS). Cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) testing showed that the amplitude of the cVEMP measured from her left ear was larger than that from the right...
June 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631671/-the-anatomical-features-of-the-middle-ear-exerting-the-influence-on-the-formation-of-exudative-otitis-media-in-the-breast-fed-infants-of-different-gestational-age
#7
A G Matroskin, I V Rakhmanova, A A Dreval', A N Kislyakov, A I Vladimirov
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the anatomical features of the structure of the middle ear and eustachian tube in the breast-fed infants of different gestational age that may be responsible for the formation of exudates (fluids). We have examined 150 temporal bones obtained from the children's cadavers that were allocated to three groups as follows: 50 temporal bones obtained at weeks 26-30 weeks of gestation (group 1), 44 bones 31-36 weeks of gestation (group 2), and 37-40 weeks of gestation (full-term babies, group 3),The analysis of the data obtained on an individual bases revealed either increase or decreases in the selected characteristics of the eustachian tube in comparison with the respective average values as well as the well apparent predominance of a single change or a combination of alteration of several parameters in one case in 26-30 weeks and 31-36 weeks groups...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628951/cranial-indicators-identified-for-peak-incidence-of-otitis-media
#8
Anthony Pagano, Eugene Wang, Derek Yuan, Daniel Fischer, Charles Bluestone, Samuel Marquez, Jeffrey Laitman
Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most common pediatric conditions worldwide. Peak age of occurrence for AOM has been identified within the first postnatal year and it remains frequent until approximately six postnatal years. Morphological differences between adults and infants in the cartilaginous Eustachian tube (CET) and associated structures may be responsible for development of this disease yet few have investigated normal growth trajectories. We tested hypotheses on coincidence of skeletal growth changes and known ages of peak AOM occurrence...
June 19, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625531/the-extended-bundle-of-the-tensor-veli-palatini-anatomic-consideration-of-the-dilating-mechanism-of-the-eustachian-tube
#9
Ryuhei Okada, Satoru Muro, Kohtaro Eguchi, Kohei Yagi, Hisayo Nasu, Kumiko Yamaguchi, Koh Miwa, Keiichi Akita
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the topographical structures of the muscles surrounding the Eustachian tube. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted macroscopic and histological studies of 24 halves of 12 heads from Japanese cadavers. RESULTS: The main findings were as follows: 1) the infero-lateral muscle bundles of the tensor veli palatini didn't turn medially at the pterygoid hamulus but were distributed laterally and continuous with the buccinator; 2) the tensor veli palatini attached laterally to the membranous part of the Eustachian tube; 3) the superior pharyngeal constrictor was not only adjacent to the buccinator at the pterygomandibular raphe but also had muscular continuation with it laterally and 4) some bundles of the superior pharyngeal constrictor adhered with the palatine aponeurosis...
June 15, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622915/turkish-validity-and-reliability-of-eustachian-tube-dysfunction-questionnaire-7
#10
Erdoğan Özgür, Cem Bilgen, Beyhan Cengiz Özyurt
INTRODUCTION: During clinical evaluations, in order to interpret patients' complaints caused by Eustachian Tube Dysfunction and to monitor the success of the treatment, standardized and disease-related scales are necessary. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Questionnaire-7. METHODS: Forty patients diagnosed with Eustachian Tube Dysfunction and 40 healthy individuals were enrolled for the study...
May 31, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619119/transmission-of-a-novel-sonotubometry-acoustic-click-stimulus-in-healthy-and-patulous-eustachian-tube-subjects-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#11
Justin M Pyne, Yaw Amoako-Tuffour, Guy Earle, Graham McIntyre, Michael B Butler, Manohar Bance
BACKGROUND: Eustachian tube (ET) dysfunction can be very difficult to diagnose accurately. Our aim is to determine whether a newly developed sonotubometric test using clicks can reliably detect ET opening during swallowing in normal ET subjects, and patulous ET (PET) in subjects with ET dysfunction. METHODS: Sixteen subjects (19 normal ET ears and 6 PET ears) were individually placed in a sound-isolated audiometry booth and subjected to a 1000Hz click train stimulus, played through the nose...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611136/a-rare-case-of-mycobacterium-abscessus-subspecies-abscessus-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-and-the-clinical-importance-of-inducible-erm-41-gene-testing
#12
Norman Beatty, Craig Brown, Tirdad Zangeneh, Mayar Al Mohajer
A 56-year-old man with a history of injection drug use and two prior episodes of native valve infective endocarditis presented with dyspnoea on exertion. Our preliminary work-up revealed bacteraemia with reported growth of 'Mycobacterium abscessus group' on multiple blood cultures. The patient was later found to have eustachian valve and prosthetic pulmonic valve endocarditis. Initially, he responded to standard antimycobacterial therapy for rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM) with supporting laboratory susceptibilities...
June 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602066/analysis-of-eustachian-tube-dysfunction-by-dynamic-slow-motion-video-endoscopy-and-eustachian-tube-dysfunction-questionnaire-in-chronic-otitis-media
#13
Won Gue Han, Jun Yoo, Yoon Chan Rah, Jiwon Chang, Gi Jung Im, Jae-Jun Song, Sung Won Chae, Hak Hyun Jung, June Choi
Objectives: Eustachian tube dysfunction has been associated with most cases of middle-ear disease. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of dynamic slow motion video endoscopy (DSVE) as a test of eustachian tube dysfunction. Furthermore, we assessed the correlation of the test with the Valsalva maneuver, the seven-item Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Questionnaire (ETDQ-7), and intraoperative findings of the eustachian tube. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed medical records from April to September 2014 to identify patients who were diagnosed with chronic otitis media (COM) at Korea University Ansan Hospital...
June 6, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583512/comprehensive-management-of-congenital-choanal-atresia
#14
Pierre Brihaye, Isabelle Delpierre, Andrée De Villé, Anne-Britt Johansson, Dominique Biarent, Anne-Laure Mansbach
OBJECTIVES: To present results of a one-stage minimally invasive surgical procedure for congenital choanal atresia (CCA). Seven outcome measures were applied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study conducted between 1999 and 2015. The same endonasal endoscopic approach with multiflaps and no stenting was used on 36 children. The flaps were attached with fibrine glue. There were 50% unilateral and 50% bilateral cases, 70% primary and 30% secondary surgery. The mean age at primary surgery for bilateral atresia was 10 days and for unilateral atresia 4 years...
July 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583501/otorhinolaryngologic-manifestations-of-hartsfield-syndrome-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#15
Jeremie D Oliver, Deanna C Menapace, Shelagh A Cofer
Diagnosis of Hartsfield syndrome includes recognition of three distinct clinical anomalies: holoprosencephaly, ectrodactyly, and bilateral cleft-lip and palate syndrome. A family including three male siblings all affected by Hartsfield syndrome presented to our institution for care. An autosomal dominant variant in Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 1 (FGFR1) was identified. This report focuses on otorhinolaryngologic manifestationsof Hartsfield syndrome, previously undescribed, including midline defects of holoprosencephaly, bilateral cleft-lip and palate, retrognathia, gastroesophageal reflux disease, external ear anomalies, eustachian tube dysfunction, and midface abnormalities, in addition to multidisciplinary, long-term management strategies...
July 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559947/visual-and-quantitative-analysis-of-cisternography-for-the-detection-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-leakage
#16
Eun Kyoung Choi, Jin Kyoung Oh, Sonya Youngju Park, Ikdong Yoo, Dong-Hyun Kim, Yong-An Chung
We herein present a case of a 29-year-old man with clear rhinorrhea, which persisted for 8 years following a myringotomy. After cotton pledgets were placed in several different regions of the nasal cavity, cisternography using Tc-99m DTPA was performed to measure the radioactivity of each pledget. Cisternography showed subtle uptake in the nasal cavity. However, intense uptake was detected in the pledget placed in the right eustachian tube orifice, where the pledget:serum count ratio was 10.3:1. The patient underwent duroplasty and cranioplasty, and the rhinorrhea resolved...
June 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558458/-clinical-characteristics-in-children-with-cleft-palate-associated-with-middle-ear-cholesteatoma
#17
Y Yang, M Chen, J S Hao, W Liu, J Zhang
Objective: To summarize the characteristics of children diagnosed as cleft palate associated with middle ear cholesteatoma. Methods: There were five middle ear cholesteatoma cases who had previously received cleft palate repairment surgery. All of the patients were followed up for 17 to 47 months. Median follow-up time was 31 months. Results: There were three males and two females with three to eleven years old , and the average of age was seven years and ten months. The time of cleft palate repairment surgery was from six months to four years, and the average age was one year and nine months...
May 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502258/balloon-eustachian-tuboplasty-treatment-of-longstanding-eustachian-tube-dysfunction
#18
T Singh, V Taneja, K Kulendra, M Farr, J Robinson, D Rejali
BACKGROUND: Eustachian tube dysfunction is a poorly defined condition associated with various symptoms and it can predispose to middle-ear disease. Balloon dilation Eustachian tuboplasty has been proposed as a treatment for Eustachian tube dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the subjective and objective outcomes of balloon dilation Eustachian tuboplasty in patients with recurrent, previously treated chronic Eustachian tube dysfunction. METHODS: The study was conducted on 11 patients (13 ears) who had undergone previous unsuccessful medical and surgical treatment...
July 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498266/use-of-positive-airway-pressure-following-middle-ear-surgery-a-practice-survey-of-otologists
#19
Douglas S Ruhl, Anthony M Tolisano, Bradley W Kesser, George T Hashisaki, Macario Camacho
BACKGROUND: Positive airway pressure (PAP) devices are used as treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). PAP may increase middle ear pressure which is of interest to otologic surgeons. There is a lack of data to guide management of PAP therapy after middle ear surgery. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate how otologic surgeons manage PAP in their patients after ear surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A survey e-mailed to practicing members of the American Neurotology Society...
July 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485292/assessment-and-management-of-retraction-pockets
#20
Cuneyt Alper, Ewa Olszewska
This manuscript intends to review types, pathogenesis, associated risk factors, and potential methods of prevention and treatment of the retraction pockets in adults and children. The importance of retraction pockets (RP) lies in loss of original histological and anatomical structure which is associated with development of ossicular chain erosion, cho¬lesteatoma formation and potentially life threatening complications of cholesteatoma. The trans-mucosal exchange each gas in the middle ear (ME) is towards equalizing its partial pressures with the partial pressure in the environ¬ment...
February 28, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
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