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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432372/evaluation-of-the-auditory-pathway-in-traffic-policemen
#1
Vipul Indora, Farah Khaliq, Neelam Vaney
BACKGROUND: Traffic policemen working at heavy traffic junctions are continuously exposed to high level of noise and its health consequences. OBJECTIVE: To assess the hearing pathway in traffic policemen by means of brainstem evoked response audiometry (BERA), mid-latency response (MLR), and slow vertex response (SVR). METHODS: In this observational comparative study, BERA, MLR, and SVR were tested in 35 male traffic policemen with field posting of more than 3 years...
April 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426209/channel-assisted-proton-conduction-behavior-in-hydroxyl-rich-lanthanide-based-magnetic-metal-organic-frameworks
#2
Soumava Biswas, Jayita Chakraborty, Vijay Singh Parmar, Siba Prasad Bera, Nirmal Ganguli, Sanjit Konar
Two new lanthanide-based 3D metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), {[Ln(L)(Ox)(H2O)]n·xH2O} [Ln = Gd(3+) and x = 3 (1) and Dy(3+) and x = 1.5 (2); H2L = mucic acid; OxH2 = oxalic acid] showing interesting magnetic properties and channel-mediated proton conduction behavior, are presented here. Single-crystal X-ray structure analysis shows that, in complex 1, the overall structure originates from the mucate-bridged gadolinium-based rectangular metallocycles. The packing view reveals the presence the two types of hydrophilic 1D channels filled with lattice water molecules, which are strongly hydrogen-bonded with coordinated water along the a and b axes, whereas for complex 2, the 3D framework originates from a carboxylate-bridged dysprosium-based criss-cross-type secondary building block...
April 20, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419759/regulation-of-burkholderia%C3%A2-cenocepacia-biofilm-formation-by-rpon-and-the-c-di-gmp-effector-berb
#3
Mustafa Fazli, Morten Rybtke, Elisabeth Steiner, Elisabeth Weidel, Jens Berthelsen, Julie Groizeleau, Wu Bin, Boo Zhao Zhi, Zhang Yaming, Volkhard Kaever, Michael Givskov, Rolf W Hartmann, Leo Eberl, Tim Tolker-Nielsen
Knowledge about the molecular mechanisms that are involved in the regulation of biofilm formation is essential for the development of biofilm-control measures. It is well established that the nucleotide second messenger cyclic diguanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) is a positive regulator of biofilm formation in many bacteria, but more knowledge about c-di-GMP effectors is needed. We provide evidence that c-di-GMP, the alternative sigma factor RpoN (σ54), and the enhancer-binding protein BerB play a role in biofilm formation of Burkholderia cenocepacia by regulating the production of a biofilm-stabilizing exopolysaccharide...
April 16, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408871/focused-and-sustained-attention-is-modified-by-a-goal-based-rehabilitation-in-parkinsonian-patients
#4
Davide Ferrazzoli, Paola Ortelli, Roberto Maestri, Rossana Bera, Roberto Gargantini, Grazia Palamara, Marianna Zarucchi, Nir Giladi, Giuseppe Frazzitta
Rehabilitation for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) is based on cognitive strategies that exploit attention. Parkinsonians exhibit impairments in divided attention and interference control. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of specific rehabilitation treatments based on attention suggests that other attentional functions are preserved. Data about attention are conflicting in PD, and it is not clear whether rehabilitative treatments that entail attentional strategies affect attention itself. Reaction times (RTs) represent an instrument to explore attention and investigate whether changes in attentional performances parallel rehabilitation induced-gains...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400285/development-and-evaluation-of-a-cedrol-loaded-nanostructured-lipid-carrier-system-for-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-susceptibilities-of-wild-and-drug-resistant-leishmania-donovani-amastigotes
#5
Nabanita Kar, Shreyasi Chakraborty, Asit Kumar De, Santanu Ghosh, Tanmoy Bera
Leishmaniasis is an epidemic in various countries, and the parasite Leishmania donovani is developing resistance against available drugs. In the present study the antileishmanial action of cedrol was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. Activity potentiation was achieved via nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC) complexation of cedrol. Cedrol-loaded NLC was prepared through the hot-melting emulsification-ultrasonication method. The cedrol- NLC prepared did not require the use of any organic solvents. The characterization of NLC-C1 and NLC-C2 revealed that particle size was 46...
April 8, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394203/dysregulation-of-energy-metabolism-in-multiple-sclerosis-measured-in-vivo-with-diffusion-weighted-spectroscopy
#6
Benedetta Bodini, Francesca Branzoli, Emilie Poirion, Daniel García-Lorenzo, Mélanie Didier, Elisabeth Maillart, Julie Socha, Geraldine Bera, Catherine Lubetzki, Itamar Ronen, Stephane Lehericy, Bruno Stankoff
OBJECTIVE: We employed diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance spectroscopy (DW-MRS), which allows to measure in vivo the diffusion properties of metabolites, to explore the functional neuro-axonal damage and the ongoing energetic dysregulation in multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Twenty-five patients with MS and 18 healthy controls (HC) underwent conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and DW-MRS. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of total N-acetyl-aspartate (tNAA) and creatine-phosphocreatine (tCr) were measured in the parietal normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) and in the thalamic grey matter (TGM)...
April 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393626/in-silico-modelling-and-molecular-dynamics-simulation-studies-of-thiazolidine-based-ptp1b-inhibitors
#7
Manoj Kumar Mahapatra, Krishnendu Bera, Durg Vijay Singh, Rajnish Kumar, Manoj Kumar
Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) has been identified as negative regulator of insulin and leptin signalling pathway, hence it can be considered as a new therapeutic target of intervention for the treatment of type2 diabetes. Inhibition of this molecular target takes care of both diabetes and obesity, i.e., diabestiy. In order to get more information on identification and optimisation of lead, pharmacophore modelling, atom-based 3D QSAR, docking and molecular dynamics studies were carried out on a set of ligands containing thiazolidine scaffold...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393438/rhodium-catalyzed-meta-c-h-functionalization-of-arenes
#8
Milan Bera, Soumitra Agasti, Rajdip Chowdhury, Rahul Mondal, Debasis Pal, Debabrata Maiti
Rhodium-catalyzed ortho-C-H functionalization is well known in the literature. Described herein is the Xphos-supported rhodium catalysis of meta-C-H olefination of benzylsulfonic acid and phenyl acetic acid frameworks with the assistance of a para-methoxy-substituted cyano phenol as the directing group. Complete mono-selectivity is observed for both scaffolds. A wide range of olefins and functional groups attached to arene are tolerated in this protocol.
May 2, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388810/hemilability-driven-water-activation-a-ni-ii-catalyst-for-base-free-hydration-of-nitriles-to-amides
#9
Jitendra K Bera, Kuldeep Singh, Abir Sarbajna, Indranil Dutta, Pragati Pandey
A Ni(II) complex 1 containing pyridyl- and hydroxy-functionalized N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHC) is synthesized and its catalytic utility for selective nitrile hydration to amide under base-free condition is evaluated. The title compound exploits hemilabile pyridyl unit to interact with a catalytically relevant water molecule via hydrogen-bonding and promote nucleophilic water attack to the nitrile. A wide variety of nitriles are hydrated to the corresponding amides including pharmaceutical drugs Rufinamide, Rifater and Piracetam...
April 7, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387218/retrograde-transport-of-trkb-containing-autophagosomes-via-the-adaptor-ap-2-mediates-neuronal-complexity-and-prevents-neurodegeneration
#10
Natalia L Kononenko, Gala A Claßen, Marijn Kuijpers, Dmytro Puchkov, Tanja Maritzen, Aleksandra Tempes, Anna R Malik, Agnieszka Skalecka, Sujoy Bera, Jacek Jaworski, Volker Haucke
Autophagosomes primarily mediate turnover of cytoplasmic proteins or organelles to provide nutrients and eliminate damaged proteins. In neurons, autophagosomes form in distal axons and are trafficked retrogradely to fuse with lysosomes in the soma. Although defective neuronal autophagy is associated with neurodegeneration, the function of neuronal autophagosomes remains incompletely understood. We show that in neurons, autophagosomes promote neuronal complexity and prevent neurodegeneration in vivo via retrograde transport of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-activated TrkB receptors...
April 7, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378760/basin-stability-measure-of-different-steady-states-in-coupled-oscillators
#11
Sarbendu Rakshit, Bidesh K Bera, Soumen Majhi, Chittaranjan Hens, Dibakar Ghosh
In this report, we investigate the stabilization of saddle fixed points in coupled oscillators where individual oscillators exhibit the saddle fixed points. The coupled oscillators may have two structurally different types of suppressed states, namely amplitude death and oscillation death. The stabilization of saddle equilibrium point refers to the amplitude death state where oscillations are ceased and all the oscillators converge to the single stable steady state via inverse pitchfork bifurcation. Due to multistability features of oscillation death states, linear stability theory fails to analyze the stability of such states analytically, so we quantify all the states by basin stability measurement which is an universal nonlocal nonlinear concept and it interplays with the volume of basins of attractions...
April 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377746/genome-guided-insights-into-the-plant-growth-promotion-capabilities-of-the-physiologically-versatile-bacillus-aryabhattai-strain-ab211
#12
Chandrima Bhattacharyya, Utpal Bakshi, Ivy Mallick, Shayantan Mukherji, Biswajit Bera, Abhrajyoti Ghosh
Bacillus aryabhattai AB211 is a plant growth promoting, Gram-positive firmicute, isolated from the rhizosphere of tea (Camellia sinensis), one of the oldest perennial crops and a major non-alcoholic beverage widely consumed all over the world. The whole genome of B. aryabhattai AB211 was sequenced, annotated and evaluated with special focus on genomic elements related to plant microbe interaction. It's genome sequence reveals the presence of a 5,403,026 bp chromosome. A total of 5226 putative protein-coding sequences, 16 rRNA, 120 tRNA, 8 ncRNAs, 58 non-protein coding genes, and 11 prophage regions were identified...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365189/-drugs-news
#13
F Beau-Salinas, E Bouquet, L Vrignaud, C Simon, M-S Agier, A-P Jonville-Béra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362030/effect-of-universal-chlorhexidine-decolonisation-on-the-infection-rate-in-intensive-care-patients
#14
Wiesława Duszyńska, Barbara Adamik, Karolina Lentka-Bera, Katarzyna Kulpa, Agata Nieckula-Schwarz, Agnieszka Litwin, Łukasz Stróżecki, Andrzej Kübler
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), particularly intensive care unit-acquired infections (HAI-ICU), are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitals. Most of these infections are caused by multidrugresistant organisms. The results of recent studies have suggested that daily bathing with chlorhexidine (CHX)-universal decolonisation can prevent ICU infections. The purpose of the study was to determine the influence of CHX bathing on the rate and type of HAI-ICU in critically ill patients...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352862/simultaneous-observation-of-surface-and-edge-states-of-a-2d-topological-insulator-through-scanning-tunneling-spectroscopy-and-differential-conductance-imaging
#15
Hrishikesh Bhunia, Abhijit Bar, Abhijit Bera, Amlan J Pal
A 2D form of Bi2Se3 which acts as a topological insulator was grown through colloidal synthesis method. The surface-states and edge-states of the nanoplates were simultaneously probed through scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS). At the interior, density of states (DOS) revealed the location of conduction and valence band edges. The DOS at the edges, on the other hand, brought out gapless conducting states along with a Dirac point at a non-zero value below the Fermi energy representing the Dirac cone of a 2D topological insulator...
April 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345690/expedient-synthesis-of-a-phenanthro-imidazo-pyridine-fused-heteropolynuclear-framework-via-cdc-coupling-a-new-class-of-luminophores
#16
Biswadip Banerji, Satadru Chatterjee, K Chandrasekhar, Suvankar Bera, Leena Majumder, Chandraday Prodhan, Keya Chaudhuri
We herein report the design and synthesis of a group of fused phenanthro-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine derivatives as a new class of luminescent materials through a Pd(ii) catalyzed intramolecular CDC (cross dehydrogenative coupling) reaction. This method thus unlocked a convenient & expedient way for the synthesis of a new molecular framework containing π-extended fused heteropolycycles. The heteropolycycles showed very good fluorescence properties both in solid and solution phases which were further utilized in live cell imaging...
March 27, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345631/structure-of-the-cyanuric-acid-hydrolase-trzd-reveals-product-exit-channel
#17
Asim K Bera, Kelly G Aukema, Mikael Elias, Lawrence P Wackett
Cyanuric acid hydrolases are of industrial importance because of their use in aquatic recreational facilities to remove cyanuric acid, a stabilizer for the chlorine. Degradation of excess cyanuric acid is necessary to maintain chlorine disinfection in the waters. Cyanuric acid hydrolase opens the cyanuric acid ring hydrolytically and subsequent decarboxylation produces carbon dioxide and biuret. In the present study, we report the X-ray structure of TrzD, a cyanuric acid hydrolase from Acidovorax citrulli. The crystal structure at 2...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332666/direct-observation-of-breathing-dynamics-at-the-mismatch-induced-dna-bubble-with-nanometre-accuracy-a-smfret-study
#18
Tapas Paul, Subhas C Bera, Padmaja P Mishra
The detailed conformational dynamics of the melted region in double-stranded DNA has been studied using a combination of ensemble and single-molecule FRET techniques. We monitored the millisecond time scale fluctuation kinetics of the two strands at the bubble region that varies with the size of the bubble. As the individual strands at the melting bubble behave as single-stranded DNA, and hence fluctuate dynamically to attain energetically favored configurations, the rates of these fluctuations increase with increase in the bubble size...
March 23, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327594/aspirin-induces-cell-death-by-directly-modulating-mitochondrial-voltage-dependent-anion-channel-vdac
#19
Debanjan Tewari, Dhriti Majumdar, Sirisha Vallabhaneni, Amal Kanti Bera
Aspirin induces apoptotic cell death in various cancer cell lines. Here we showed that silencing of VDAC1 protected HeLa cells from aspirin-induced cell death. Compared to the wild type cells, VDAC1 knocked down cells showed lesser change of mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm), upon aspirin treatment. Aspirin augmented ATP and ionomycin-induced mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake which was abolished in VDAC1 knocked down cells. Aspirin dissociated bound hexokinase II (HK-II) from mitochondria. Further, aspirin promoted the closure of recombinant human VDAC1, reconstituted in planar lipid bilayer...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325024/balance-quality-assessment-as-an-early-indicator-of-physical-frailty-in-older-people
#20
Aly Chkeir, Doha Safieddine, D Bera, M Collart, J L Novella, M Drame, David J Hewson, Jacques Duchene
Frailty is an increasingly common geriatric condition that results in an increased risk of adverse health outcomes such as falls. The most widely-used means of detecting frailty is the Fried phenotype, which includes several objective measures such as grip strength and gait velocity. One method of screening for falls is to measure balance, which can be done by a range of techniques including the assessment of the Centre of Pressure (CoP) during a balance assessment. The Balance Quality Tester (BQT) is a device based on a commercial bathroom scale that can evaluate balance quality...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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