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Parenting Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545152/short-term-changes-in-the-health-state-of-children-with-group-b-meningococcal-disease-a-prospective-national-cohort-study
#1
Iain T R Kennedy, Albert J van Hoek, Sonia Ribeiro, Hannah Christensen, W John Edmunds, Mary E Ramsay, Shamez N Ladhani
OBJECTIVES: The short-term impact of childhood invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) on quality-of-life (QoL) remains largely unquantified. This study aimed to quantify QoL loss at the point when illness was at its worst, and assess health state recovery in the months following illness. METHODS: Parents of children aged <16 years with laboratory-confirmed meningococcal group B (MenB) disease in England, with onset dates from November 2012 to May 2013 were asked to complete a short questionnaire, which included EQ-5DY, a version of EQ-5D for 8-15 year-olds...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545110/differences-in-perceived-causes-of-childhood-obesity-between-migrant-and-local-communities-in-china-a-qualitative-study
#2
Bai Li, Rong Lin, Wei Liu, Jingyi Chen, Weijia Liu, KarKeung Cheng, Miranda Pallan, Peymane Adab, Laura Jones
In developing countries, obesity traditionally affectsmore affluent children, butis spreading to a wider social group. Understanding the perceivedcontributors can provide valuable insights to plan preventive interventions. We exploreddifferences in the perceived causes of childhood obesity between local and migrant communities in a major Chinese city. We conducted 20 focus groups (137 parents, grandparents, school teachers) and 11semi-structured interviews with school Principals from migrant and local communities in Guangzhou...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544038/supplementation-with-herbal-extracts-to-promote-behavioral-and-neuroprotective-effects-in-experimental-models-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Ianara Mendonça da Costa, José Rodolfo Lopes de Paiva Cavalcanti, Dinalva Brito de Queiroz, Eduardo Pereira de Azevedo, Amália Cinthia Meneses do Rêgo, Irami Araújo Filho, Paulo Parente, Marco Antônio Botelho, Fausto Pierdoná Guzen
Parkinson's disease (PD) consists of a neurodegenerative pathology that has received a considerable amount of attention because of its clinical manifestations. The most common treatment consists of administering the drugs levodopa and biperiden, which reduce the effectiveness of the disease and the progress of its symptoms. However, phytotherapy treatment of PD has shown great potential in retarding the loss of dopaminergic neurons and minimizing the behavioral abnormalities. The aim of this study is to systematically review the use of supplemental herbal plants with cellular protective effect and behavioral activity in in vivo and in vitro experimental models...
May 22, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543936/counselling-parents-on-young-children-s-healthy-diet-a-modified-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Bettina Holmberg Fagerlund, Sølvi Helseth, Jenny Owe, Kari Glavin
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To map and describe key information in existing research about counselling of parents of children aged 0-2 years on the child's healthy diet in preventive health care settings, particularly in public health nursing. BACKGROUND: Many parents are likely to be concerned with their infant's food-related happiness "here and now", disregarding the child's long-term health and development related to feeding practices. Hence, a focus on counselling parents in considering young children's healthy diet is important...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543376/the-everyday-risk-work-of-dutch-child-healthcare-professionals-inferring-safe-and-good-parenting-through-trust-as-mediated-by-a-lens-of-gender-and-class
#5
Gerlieke Veltkamp, Patrick Brown
Amidst intensifying policy concerns with children's wellbeing and development, healthcare professionals are required not only to assess risk of abuse and neglect, but to manage risk of 'poor parenting' more broadly. Drawing on 15 in-depth interviews and non-participant observations of 61 professional-family interactions, across four preventative public health services for children in the Netherlands, we explored how professionals accomplished such risk work amid intractable uncertainties. Building inferences from brief encounters with families, professionals gauged the extent to which they trusted parents to care 'appropriately'...
May 24, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540042/factors-affecting-the-concussion-knowledge-of-athletes-parents-coaches-and-medical-professionals
#6
Michael D Cusimano, Stanley Zhang, Jane Topolovec-Vranic, Michael G Hutchison, Rowan Jing
OBJECTIVES: To determine the predictors of knowledge and awareness of concussion symptoms and outcomes through a survey of athletes, parents of players and coaches in sports settings in Canada. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of athletic communities in Canada was conducted. Respondents' concussion knowledge score consists of responses to questions about the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of a concussion and the timing of return-to-sport post-concussion. The percentage of correct responses was defined as the "identification rate...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539259/congenital-anomalies-in-tunisia-frequency-and-risk-factors
#7
Meriem Aloui, Kaouther Nasri, Abdel Majid Ben Hamida, Raja Marrakchi, Soumeya Siala Gaïgi
BACKGROUND: Despite the high risk of recurrence of congenital malformations, there are no well-accepted preventive measures in developing countries like Tunisia. It is recommended that thorough epidemiological studies of congenital anomalies in this country are needed. The aim of this study is to assess the frequency and types of congenital anomalies in Tunisia and research some risk factors associated with occurrence of these anomalies. METHODS: In this retrospective study, all the fetuses who were autopsied during 21 years period from February 1991 to December 2011 (N=9678) at service of embryofetopathology in the Center of Maternity and Neonatology of Tunis (CMNT) were studied...
May 21, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538940/-the-implications-of-family-lack-of-concern-and-perception-of-obesity-in-childhood-in-the-city-of-curitiba-state-of-paran%C3%A3-brazil
#8
Daniele Ferreira Barbosa Dos Santos, Giovanna Chipon Strapasson, Samantha Daliana Pacheco Golin, Eliane Carneiro Gomes, Grace Maria Ferreira de Castro Wille, Sandra Mara Woranovicz Barreira
The scope of this study was to relate child obesity with the family's perception of the child's silhouette's and concern with excess weight in childhood A cross-sectional study was conducted among children aged between 20 and 48 months who frequent Health Units or are preschoolers in the city of Curitiba from June to December 2014. A questionnaire was used to collect data relating to family income, weight, height, perception of child silhouette's and assess concern about obesity by parents. Overweight and obesity was not correctly perceived by relations (kappa = 0,11) and the vast majority of parents did not know the child's height and weight and were not even concerned with childhood obesity...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538926/students-health-an-integrative-review-on-family-and-bullying
#9
Wanderlei Abadio de Oliveira, Jorge Luiz da Silva, Julliane Messias Cordeiro Sampaio, Marta Angélica Iossi Silva
Bullying is a public health problem and this integrative review's aim was to assess the relationship between family context and the occurrence of such a phenomenon. Its original contribution is to broadly address this type of violence. The SPIDER strategy was used to develop the study, which was guided by the question: what is the role of the family in the development, perpetuation and prevention of bullying? The following databases were searched: PsycInfo and Lilacs, and the SciELO Virtual Library using the descriptors 1...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538707/self-esteem-and-academic-difficulties-in-preadolescents-and-adolescents-healed-from-paediatric-leukaemia
#10
Marta Tremolada, Livia Taverna, Sabrina Bonichini, Giuseppe Basso, Marta Pillon
Adolescents with cancer may demonstrate problems in their self-esteem and schooling. This study aims to screen the preadolescents and adolescents more at risk in their self-esteem perception and schooling difficulties post-five years from the end of therapy. Twenty-five paediatric ex-patients healed from leukaemia were recruited at the Haematology-Oncologic Clinic (University of Padua). The mean age of the children was 13.64 years (Standard Deviation (SD)) = 3.08, range = 10-19 years), most were treated for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) (84%) and relatively equally distributed by gender...
May 24, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538500/parental-perceptions-of-obesity-and-obesity-risk-associated-with-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#11
Gary L Jones, Wendy McClellan, Sripriya Raman, Ashley Sherman, Erin Guest, Keith August
The prevalence of obesity and related comorbidities in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is well established and ranges anywhere from 29% to 69% depending on the study. We sought to explore the awareness of parents of survivors of childhood ALL regarding the increased risk of obesity and their perceptions regarding the overall health of their child. One hundred twenty-one parents of 99 survivors of pediatric ALL completed surveys regarding perceptions of obesity risk in survivors. Eighty percent of parents of overweight and obese survivors correctly identified their child as "a little overweight" or "overweight...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538496/committee-opinion-no-702-female-athlete-triad
#12
(no author information available yet)
The female athlete triad is a medical condition observed in physically active females involving three components: 1) low energy availability with or without disordered eating, 2) menstrual dysfunction, and 3) low bone density. An individual does not need to show clinical manifestations of all three components of the female athlete triad simultaneously to be affected by the condition. Consequences of these clinical conditions may not be completely reversible, so prevention, early diagnosis, and intervention are critical...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538494/committee-opinion-no-704-summary-human-papillomavirus-vaccination
#13
(no author information available yet)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with anogenital cancer (including cervical, vaginal, vulvar, penile, and anal), oropharyngeal cancer, and genital warts. The HPV vaccination significantly reduces the incidence of anogenital cancer and genital warts. Despite the benefits of HPV vaccines, only 41.9% of girls in the recommended age group, and only 28.1% of males in the recommended age group have received all recom-mended doses. Compared with many other countries, HPV vaccination rates in the United States are unacceptably low...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538492/committee-opinion-no-702-summary-female-athlete-triad
#14
(no author information available yet)
The female athlete triad is a medical condition observed in physically active females involving three components: 1) low energy availability with or without disordered eating, 2) menstrual dysfunction, and 3) low bone density. An individual does not need to show clinical manifestations of all three components of the female athlete triad simultaneously to be affected by the condition. Consequences of these clinical conditions may not be completely reversible, so prevention, early diagnosis, and intervention are critical...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538285/teenage-pregnancy-prevention-the-role-of-young-men
#15
Gabriela Vargas, Joshua Borus, Brittany M Charlton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although teenage pregnancy is declining in many parts of the world, it remains associated with considerable social, health, and economic outcomes. Pregnancy prevention efforts focus primarily on young women, with minimal attention to young men. This review highlights recent literature pertaining to the role of young men in pregnancy prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: Young men have varying views on contraception as well as which partner(s) should be responsible for its use...
May 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538220/identification-of-caries-risk-determinants-in-toddlers-results-of-the-gusto-birth-cohort-study
#16
C Un Lam, L W Khin, A C Kalhan, R Yee, Y S Lee, M F-F Chong, K Kwek, S M Saw, K Godfrey, Y S Chong, C-Y Hsu
The aim of this study was to identify risk determinants leading to early childhood caries (ECC) and visible plaque (VP) in toddlers. Data for mother-child pairs participating in the Growing Up in Singapore towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) birth cohort were collected from pregnancy to toddlerhood. Oral examinations were performed in 543 children during their clinic visit at 24 months to detect ECC and VP. Following logistic regression, ECC and VP were jointly regressed as primary and secondary outcomes, respectively, using the bivariate probit model...
May 25, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537784/the-dangerousness-of-mountain-recreation-a-quantitative-overview-of-fatal-and-non-fatal-accidents-in-france
#17
Bastien Soulé, Brice Lefèvre, Eric Boutroy
In France, there is a growing enthusiasm for outdoor sports and recreation. In the meantime, the risk of both severe and frequent injury associated with active pursuits in mountain areas is acknowledged. This paper tackles accidents related to mountain sports, with a focus on three critical activities: hiking, mountaineering and ski touring. The aim consists of estimating the actual number of accidents (whether they entailed deaths or injuries) in the three above-mentioned activities. In order to align the information collected, then provide estimations based on the reasoned crossing of these secondary data, we consulted and summarised all the databases available on the French territory...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536986/evaluation-of-anti-inflammatory-and-ulcerogenic-potential-of-zinc-ibuprofen-and-zinc-naproxen-complexes-in-rats
#18
Magdalena Jarosz, Natalia Szkaradek, Henryk Marona, Gabriel Nowak, Katarzyna Młyniec, Tadeusz Librowski
Because of numerous indications and high availability, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most commonly prescribed and used medicines in the world. However, long-term therapy with and improper use of NSAIDs may lead to gastrointestinal damage. Therefore, improving the therapeutic index of the existing drugs has become a priority over the past decades. Considerable attention in the field has been concentrated on metal complexes of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of complexation with zinc on the anti-inflammatory and ulcerogenic effects of ibuprofen and naproxen after single and triple intragastric administration to rats...
May 23, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536916/advanced-parental-age-impaired-fear-conditioning-and-hippocampal-ltd-in-adult-female-rat-offspring
#19
Lilu Luo, Tingting Sun, Xin Guan, Yiling Ni, Liqiang Yang, Quan Zhao, Xiangyang Kong, Yanmei Chen, Jichuan Zhang
Advanced maternal or paternal age is associated with increased risks of cognitive and emotional disorders. Chronic stress is also a common experience in human life that causes psychiatric diseases. However, the synergistic effects of these two factors on offspring are rarely studied. In the present study, the offspring of both young (3-4 months) and old (12-14 months) rat parents were given CUMS for 21 days at the age of 4 weeks. The effects of advanced parental age and chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) on emotional and cognitive behaviors and the related cellular mechanisms were investigated by using behavioral and electrophysiological techniques...
May 23, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536759/psychosocial-determinants-of-adherence-to-preventive-dental-attendance-for-preschool-children-among-filipino-immigrants-in-edmonton-alberta
#20
Parvaneh Badri, Ruth Wolfe, Anna Farmer, Maryam Amin
Barriers to accessing oral healthcare are public health concerns faced by minorities and immigrants due to socioeconomic marginalization. Therefore, we explored how immigrant parents in Alberta-Edmonton's Filipino community experience adherence to preventive dental attendance (PDA) for their preschool children and the psychosocial factors influencing parental adherence. METHODS: We employed a qualitative focused ethnography design. Data were collected through interviews and focus groups...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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