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Parenting Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738461/-role-of-maternal-drug-use-and-environmental-exposure-during-pregnancy-and-delivery-pattern-in-allergic-infants-and-toddlers
#1
S Wang, H S Wang, J X Jiang, Y Wang, T Xu
Objective: To understand correlation between maternal drug use and environmental exposure during pregnancy and delivery pattern and allergy in infants and toddlers, and provide theoretical bases for the early prevention and intervention of infantile allergies. Methods: Case control study based on cross-sectional investigation was conducted. Thirty-three cities were selected in China. Randomly cluster sampling method was used to select a community in each city as the study sample, the women with infants aged 0-24 months were interviewed in the form of face-to-face questionnaire survey...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737524/female-athlete-triad
#2
Meredith B Loveless
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The obstetrician/gynecologist (ob/gyn) may be the first provider to have the opportunity to recognize and diagnose female athlete triad. This review will help the ob/gyn to understand the female athlete triad and what is new on this topic, how to screen and diagnose the condition and the ob/gyn's role in treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Female athlete triad, also known as relative energy deficiency in sports, involves an interrelationship among energy availability, menstrual function and low bone density...
July 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736599/-attitudes-towards-sexual-communication-between-parents-and-adolescents-in-puerto-rico
#3
Ana Michelle Fernández, Melvin Negrón McFarlane, Ricardo González, Leslie Díaz, Elba Betancourt-Díaz, Francheska Cintrón-Bou, Nelson Varas-Díaz, Antonia Villarruel
Communication between parents and adolescents about sexuality faces challenges due in part to sociocultural factors. This study aimed to document the attitudes of parents and adolescents about communication regarding sexuality. The results emanate from the baseline measurement of the Cuídalos Project. The presented data is part of a larger study that aimed to evaluate a web-based module to foster communications between parents and adolescents (13-17 years of age) on health-related issues. In this article, we present the baseline data in which participants answered questions on their comfort when talking about sexual health issues...
January 2017: Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736201/text-message-reminders-for-vaccination-of-adolescents-with-chronic-medical-conditions-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Annika M Hofstetter, Angela Barrett, Stewin Camargo, Susan L Rosenthal, Melissa S Stockwell
BACKGROUND: Many adolescents with chronic medical conditions (CMCs) are at risk of vaccine-preventable infection, yet are frequently under-vaccinated. Text message reminders, particularly those with embedded educational information, have been shown to increase general pediatric vaccination. Their use has not been studied specifically among adolescents with CMCs. METHODS: Eligible parents of adolescents with CMCs receiving care at one of 4 academically-affiliated pediatric clinics and requiring human papillomavirus (first dose), influenza, and/or pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccines were randomized in 4 consecutive cohorts to receive text message vaccine reminders with or without embedded educational information ("educational" vs...
July 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735927/predictors-of-sleep-disturbances-in-the-first-year-of-life-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Stefania Sette, Emma Baumgartner, Raffaele Ferri, Oliviero Bruni
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify early predictors of nocturnal awakenings and short sleep duration during the first year of life, in terms of sleep habits and patterns. We also analyzed the trend of nocturnal awakenings and total sleep duration from 3 to 12 months of age. METHODS: The parents of 704 infants (49.3% female) were interviewed during their first year of life. The interview included questions on infant sleep (eg, sleep habits, sleep duration, number of nocturnal awakenings) and maternal perception of infant sleep difficulties...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735465/approximal-morphology-as-predictor-of-approximal-caries-in-primary-molar-teeth
#6
A Cortes, S Martignon, V Qvist, Kim Rud Ekstrand
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive power of the morphology of the distal surface on 1st and mesial surface on 2nd primary molar teeth on caries development in young children. SAMPLE AND METHODS: Out of 101 3-to 4-year-old children from an on-going study, 62 children, for whom parents' informed consent was given, participated. Upper and lower molar teeth of one randomly selected side received a 2-day temporarily separation. Bitewing radiographs and silicone impressions of interproximal area (IPA) were obtained...
July 22, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735447/cost-benefit-analysis-of-two-child-abuse-and-neglect-primary-prevention-programs-for-us-states
#7
Cora Peterson, Curtis Florence, Robert Thomas, Joanne Klevens
We assessed the US state-level budget and societal impact of implementing two child abuse and neglect (CAN) primary prevention programs. CAN cost estimates and data from two prevention programs (Child-Parent Centers and Nurse-Family Partnership) were combined with current population, cost, and CAN incidence data by US state. A cost-benefit mathematical model for each program by US state compared program costs with the future monetary value of benefits from reduced CAN. The models used a lifetime time horizon from government payer and societal perspectives...
July 22, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735119/a-case-series-of-pediatric-seymour-fractures-related-to-hoverboards-increasing-trend-with-changing-lifestyle
#8
A E Kattan, F AlShomer, A K Alhujayri, M Alfowzan, K A Murrad, H Alsajjan
BACKGROUND: Several recreational activities such as roller skating, skateboarding, and scooter riding create the risk for hand injuries, which are the fourth most commonly injured body part in relation to their use. Seymour first identified a specific pattern of digit injury as an open fracture affecting the distal phalangeal physis associated with nail avulsion from the eponychial fold. In this article, we report a series of Seymour fractures associated with misuse of the newly emerging recreational/transportation vehicle, the hoverboard...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734320/the-role-of-parents-and-families-in-preventing-young-adult-alcohol-use
#9
EDITORIAL
Steve M Kogan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734167/mindfulness-practice-moderates-the-relationship-between-craving-and-substance-use-in-a-clinical-sample
#10
Matthew C Enkema, Sarah Bowen
Relapse following treatment for substance use disorders is highly prevalent, and craving has been shown to be a primary predictor of relapse. Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) is a psychosocial aftercare program integrating mindfulness and cognitive-behavioral approaches, aimed at reducing the risk and severity of relapse. Results from a recent randomized clinical trial demonstrate enhanced remission resilience for MBRP participants versus both cognitive-behavioral and treatment-as-usual controls...
June 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732717/counseling-about-skin-cancer-prevention-among-adolescents-what-do-parents-receive-from-health-care-providers
#11
Annie-Laurie McRee, Darren Mays, Melanie L Kornides, Melissa B Gilkey
PURPOSE: Adolescence is a high-risk period for ultraviolet radiation exposure, a primary cause of skin cancer later in life. We sought to characterize receipt of health care provider-delivered counseling about skin cancer prevention (SCP) among parents of adolescents. METHODS: In 2016, we conducted an online survey with a national sample of parents of adolescents aged 11-17 years (n = 1,253). Multivariable logistic regression assessed correlates of receiving counseling from a health care provider about any of the six skin cancer prevention (SCP) topics...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732540/rubella-sero-prevalence-among-children-in-kilimanjaro-region-a-community-based-study-prior-to-the-introduction-of-rubella-vaccine-in-tanzania
#12
Nikolas A S Chotta, Melina Mgongo, Jacqueline G Uriyo, Sia E Msuya, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Arne Stray-Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Childhood rubella infection is a mild, self-limiting illness. Rubella infection among pregnant women however, is a major public health concern. Depending on gestation age, it may result in fetal death, stillbirth or a new-born with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Maternal antibodies protect young infants from rubella infection and lifelong immunity is acquired by vaccination or post-rubella infection. This study aims at characterizing rubella infection and its epidemiology in the Kilimanjaro region, prior to the introduction of the rubella vaccine in Tanzania...
July 21, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732058/the-role-of-a-fads1-polymorphism-in-the-association-of-fatty-acid-blood-levels-bmi-and-blood-pressure-in-young-children-analyses-based-on-path-models
#13
Maike Wolters, Carmen Dering, Alfonso Siani, Paola Russo, Jaakko Kaprio, Patrizia Risé, Luis A Moreno, Stefaan De Henauw, Kirsten Mehlig, Toomas Veidebaum, Denés Molnár, Michael Tornaritis, Licia Iacoviello, Yannis Pitsiladis, Claudio Galli, Ronja Foraita, Claudia Börnhorst
BACKGROUND: The recent obesity epidemic in children also showed an increase in the prevalence of hypertension. As blood pressure (BP) is associated with (long-chain) polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC PUFA), genetic variation in desaturase enzymes being involved in the synthesis of LC PUFA may be associated with BP. This study aimed to investigate the direct effects (independent of mediating variables) and indirect effects (mediated through intermediate variables) of a common variant in the FADS1 gene, rs174546, known to affect delta-5 desaturase (D5D) activity on PUFA level, body mass index (BMI) and BP...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731558/food-provision-in-early-childhood-education-and-care-services-exploring-how-staff-determine-nutritional-adequacy
#14
Amanda Cole, Helen Vidgen, Phoebe Cleland
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the methods, processes and strategies used by early childhood education and care (ECEC) services when determining the nutritional adequacy of food provided to children in their care. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews (n = 22) were conducted with directors, educators and cooks at long day care services (LDCS) (n = 12) regarding nutritional adequacy, the use of tools, guidelines and checklists, menu planning and identification and management of unhealthy foods...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730396/prevention-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-swedish-school-children-a-cluster-randomized-effectiveness-study
#15
Johan Ahlen, Timo Hursti, Lindsey Tanner, Zelal Tokay, Ata Ghaderi
Our study aimed at evaluating FRIENDS for Life, an intervention to prevent anxiety and depression in Swedish school children. A total of 695 children between the ages of 8 and 11 were recruited from 17 schools in Stockholm, Sweden, and cluster-randomized to either the intervention or control group. Teachers in the intervention group received a full day of training and administered FRIENDS for Life in their classrooms. We assessed the children's anxiety and depressive symptoms, general mental health, and academic performance at pre- and post-intervention as well as at the 12-month follow-up...
July 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729852/towards-better-understanding-of-the-pathogenesis-of-neuronal-respiratory-network-in-sudden-perinatal-death
#16
REVIEW
Riffat Mehboob, Mahvish Kabir, Naseer Ahmed, Fridoon Jawad Ahmad
Sudden perinatal death that includes the victims of sudden infant death syndrome, sudden intrauterine death syndrome, and stillbirth are heartbreaking events in the life of parents. Most of the studies about sudden perinatal death were reported from Italy, highlighting two main etiological factors: prone sleeping position and smoking. Other probable contributory factors are prematurity, male gender, lack of breastfeeding, respiratory tract infections, use of pacifiers, infant botulism, extensive use of pesticides and insecticides, etc...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729744/attitudes-towards-social-oocyte-freezing-from-a-socio-cultural-perspective
#17
Maren Schick, Réka Sexty, Beate Ditzen, Tewes Wischmann
INTRODUCTION: The tendency to delay parenthood is increasing. It is partly driven by the availability of early reproductive technologies such as social oocyte freezing, the cryopreservation of oocytes for non-medical purposes. The goal of this study was to investigate relationships between attitudes towards social oocyte freezing and different socio-cultural backgrounds in a German sample cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quantitative online questionnaire was compiled...
July 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729075/effects-of-environmental-enrichment-during-abstinence-in-morphine-dependent-parents-on-anxiety-depressive-like-behaviors-and-voluntary-morphine-consumption-in-rat-offspring
#18
Alireza Pooriamehr, Parviz Sabahi, Hossein Miladi-Gorji
Chronic morphine exposure during puberty increased morphine-induced rewarding effects and sensitization in the next generation. Given the well-known beneficial effects of environmental enrichment on the severity of physical and psychological dependence on morphine, we examined effects of enriched environment during morphine abstinence in morphine dependent parental rats before mating on the anxiety and depressive-like behaviors, and voluntary morphine consumption in their offspring. Paternal and/or maternal rats were injected with bi-daily doses (10mg/kg, 12h intervals) of morphine for 14days followed by rearing in a standard environment (SE) or enriched environment (EE) during 30days of morphine abstinence before mating...
July 17, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728775/mexican-adolescents-self-reports-of-parental-monitoring-and-sexual-communication-for-prevention-of-sexual-risk-behavior
#19
Sandra Paloma Esparza Dávila, Jane Dimmitt Champion, Maria Guadalupe Moreno Monsiváis, Marlene Tovar, Maria Luisa Flores Arias
PURPOSE: Assess perceptions of parental monitoring and sexual communication for sexual health promotion among adolescents who are Mexican. DESIGN AND METHODS: Adolescents (N=153, n=85 females, n=68 males) between 14years (n=80) and 15 years (n=73) were recruited at a public high school in Monterrey in the state of Nuevo Leon, Mexico. All participants were living with a parent(s). Descriptive statistical analyses were conducted to assess sociodemographic characteristics of the group...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728766/assessment-of-safe-sleep-validation-of-the-parent-newborn-sleep-safety-survey
#20
Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Rosemary Nabaweesi, Alison Rose Caballero, Samantha Hope Mullins, Beverly Kaye Miller, Mary Elizabeth Aitken
PURPOSE: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and suffocation account for more than half of all Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths (SUID). The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations describe the safest environments to protect infants. This study compared parent responses on the Newborn Sleep Safety Survey and observational assessments (N=72) of infant sleep environments in families thought to be at high-risk for non-compliance with AAP recommendations. DESIGN AND METHODS: A naturalistic study of participants enrolled in two home visitation support programs was used...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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