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Pain breast cancer surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662532/cosmesis-after-early-stage-breast-cancer-treatment-with-surgery-and-radiation-therapy-experience-of-patients-treated-in-a-chilean-radiotherapy-centre
#1
Lorena Vargas, Sebastián Solé, Claudio Vicente Solé
Aim: To analyse the overall cosmetic outcome according to patient self-assessment in relation to the fractionation received. Materials and methods: A questionnaire, drawn up on the basis of subjective rating scales of cosmesis and of acute and late toxicity RTOG/EORTC, EORTC QLQ-C30 (v3) and LENT SOMA, was applied to patients with early-stage breast cancer who received radiotherapy with tangential fields between June 2014 and July 2015. Self-perception of cosmesis, changes in the treated breast, pain and fractionation used (hypofractionation (HF) 42...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643620/opioid-free-anesthesia-for-breast-cancer-surgery-an-observational-study
#2
Swagata Tripathy, Satyajit Rath, Suresh Agrawal, P Bhaskar Rao, A Panda, T S Mishra, Sukdev Nayak
Background and Aims: Opioids are associated with postoperative nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, and increased analgesic requirement. A nonopioid anesthesia technique may reduce morbidity, enable day care surgery, and possibly decrease tumor recurrence. We compared opioid-free, nerve block-based anesthesia with opioid-based general anesthesia for breast cancer surgery in a prospective cohort study. Material and Methods: Twenty four adult American Society of Anesthesiologists grade I-III patients posted for modified radical mastectomy (MRM) with axillary dissection were induced with propofol and maintained on isoflurane (0...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643551/role-of-dexmedetomidine-as-an-anaesthetic-adjuvant-in-breast-cancer-surgery-as-a-day-care-procedure-a-randomised-controlled-study
#3
Rekha Das, Rajat Kumar Das, Sushrita Sahoo, Suchismita Nanda
Background and Aims: Breast cancer surgery can be carried out as day-care procedure to increase patient turnover, decrease disease progression and financial burden. The present study was carried out to assess the role of dexmedetomidine in breast cancer surgery as a day-care procedure. Methods: This prospective randomised, double-blind study was carried out on 100 patients screened for day-care breast cancer surgery. They were divided into two groups of 50 each; who received either normal saline (Group NS) or 0...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597131/health-related-quality-of-life-and-utility-scores-of-patients-with-breast-neoplasms-in-china-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Le Wang, Ju-Fang Shi, Juan Zhu, Hui-Yao Huang, Ya-Na Bai, Guo-Xiang Liu, Xian-Zhen Liao, A-Yan Mao, Jian-Song Ren, Xiao-Jie Sun, Lan-Wei Guo, Yi Fang, Qi Zhou, Heng-Min Ma, Xiao-Jing Xing, Lin Zhu, Bing-Bing Song, Ling-Bin Du, Ling Mai, Yu-Qin Liu, Ying Ren, Li Lan, Jin-Yi Zhou, Xiao Qi, Xiao-Hua Sun, Pei-An Lou, Shou-Ling Wu, Ni Li, Kai Zhang, Jie He, Min Dai
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life and utility scores of patients with breast cancer and precancerous lesions are sparse in China. This study aimed to derive utility scores of patients with breast cancer and precancer in China. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An interviewer-administered cross-sectional survey was conducted in 12 provinces across China from 2013 to 2014. The three-level EuroQol-5-Dimension instrument was used to evaluate quality of life, and utility scores were generated using the Chinese value set...
March 26, 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593862/surgical-removal-of-fibrous-axillary-seroma-pocket-and-closing-of-dead-space-using-a-lattisimus-dorsi-flap
#5
J van Bastelaar, L M van Roozendaal, M Meesters-Caberg
Seroma formation after axillary dissection is a common problem in breast cancer surgery. We report the case of a 68-year-old female with breast cancer who underwent a wide local excision and axillary clearance due to stage III breast cancer. Patient received post-operative whole breast irradiation therapy and developed a painful, infected seroma one month after surgery. This was treated with antibiotic therapy after which the infection subsided. One year after surgery patient presented with a painful persisting seroma in the left axilla...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589425/preventing-persistent-pain-after-breast-cancer-surgery-still-more-work-to-be-done
#6
Dario Bugada, Daniela Ghisi, Edward R Mariano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582633/cancer-related-pain-prevalence-severity-and-management-in-a-tertiary-care-center-in-the-middle-east
#7
Nadine M Hamieh, Reem Akel, Bilal Anouti, Cindy Traboulsi, Iman Makki, Lana Hamieh, Arafat Tfayli
Background: Despite pain awareness and the development of treatment guidelines, cancer-related pain assessment and management remain suboptimal. Our objectives were to estimate the prevalence and severity of pain and its interference with daily activities, and evaluate adequacy of treatment in cancer patients in Lebanon. Methods: A total of 400 cancer patients aged 18 and above were interviewed at the American University of Beirut Medical Center surgical and medical oncology floors, outpatient clinics and chemotherapy units from March 2016-February 2017...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577505/efficacy-and-safety-of-bilateral-thoracic-paravertebral-blocks-in-outpatient-breast-surgery
#8
Linden K Head, Anne Lui, Kirsty Usher Boyd
Unilateral thoracic paravertebral blocks (TPVBs) have demonstrated reliable intraoperative analgesia, low postoperative pain scores, and an opioid-sparing effect in breast cancer surgery. However, secondary to the perceived risk of complications, bilateral TPVB have been less well accepted and are less frequently used. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using bilateral TPVBs in outpatient surgery for patients undergoing bilateral mastectomy with immediate implant-based reconstruction...
March 25, 2018: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576125/single-shot-pectoral-plane-pecs-i-and-pecs-ii-blocks-versus-continuous-local-anaesthetic-infusion-analgesia-or-both-after-non-ambulatory-breast-cancer-surgery-a-prospective-randomised-double-blind-trial
#9
P O'Scanaill, S Keane, V Wall, G Flood, D J Buggy
BACKGROUND: Pectoral plane blocks (PECs) are increasingly used in analgesia for patients undergoing breast surgery, and were recently found to be at least equivalent to single-shot paravertebral anaesthesia. However, there are no data comparing PECs with the popular practice of continuous local anaesthetic wound infusion (LA infusion) analgesia for breast surgery. Therefore, we compared the efficacy and safety of PECs blocks with LA infusion, or a combination of both in patients undergoing non-ambulatory breast-cancer surgery...
April 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574439/randomised-controlled-trial-of-exercise-to-prevent-shoulder-problems-in-women-undergoing-breast-cancer-treatment-study-protocol-for-the-prevention-of-shoulder-problems-trial-uk-prosper
#10
Julie Bruce, Esther Williamson, Clare Lait, Helen Richmond, Lauren Betteley, Ranjit Lall, Stavros Petrou, Sophie Rees, Emma J Withers, Sarah E Lamb, Alastair M Thompson
Musculoskeletal shoulder problems are common after breast cancer treatment. Early postoperative exercises targeting the upper limb may improve shoulder function. This protocol describes a National Institute for Health Research-funded randomised controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of an early supervised structured exercise programme compared with usual care, for women at high risk of developing shoulder problems after breast cancer surgery. METHODS: This pragmatic two-armed, multicentre RCT is underway within secondary care in the UK...
March 23, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566587/hypnosis-as-adjunct-therapy-to-conscious-sedation-for-venous-access-device-implantation-in-breast-cancer-a-pilot-study
#11
Nicolas Sterkers, Jean L Chabrol, Jeremy De Troyer, Dany Bonijol, Jean C Darmon, Olivier Donnez
BACKGROUND: Recent reviews support that hypnosis has great potential for reducing pain and anxiety during mini-invasive surgery. Here, we assessed the feasibility of hypnotic induction session as adjunct therapy in conscious sedation for venous access device implantation. Primary outcomes were safety and patient satisfaction. METHODS: Thirty consecutive women with breast cancer were proposed adjunct of hypnosis before implantation under conscious sedation (midazolam: 0...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565951/effect-of-dexmedetomidine-added-to-modified-pectoral-block-on-postoperative-pain-and-stress-response-in-patient-undergoing-modified-radical-mastectomy
#12
Mohamed A Bakr, Sahar A Mohamed, Mohamad F Mohamad, Montaser A Mohamed, Fatma A El Sherif, Eman Mosad, Mohammed F Abdel-Hamed
BACKGROUND: The most common surgical procedure for breast cancer is the modified radical mastectomy (MRM), but it is associated with significant postoperative pain. Regional anesthesia can reduce the stress response associated with surgical trauma. OBJECTIVES: Our aim is to explore the efficacy of 1 µg/kg dexmedetomedine added to an ultrasound (US)-modified pectoral (Pecs) block on postoperative pain and stress response in patients undergoing MRM. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind, prospective study...
March 2018: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559878/radiofrequency-ablation-for-treating-resistant-intercostal-neuralgia
#13
Alaa Abd-Elsayed, Samuel Lee, Markus Jackson
Background: Intercostal neuralgia is a complex and difficult-to-treat condition. We present 2 cases that demonstrate the safe and effective use of thermal radiofrequency ablation (RFA) to achieve significant pain relief. Case Reports: Our first patient was a 62-year-old female who developed chronic chest pain following lumpectomy for breast cancer and failed conservative management. Two intercostal diagnostic nerve blocks were performed with good results. One block provided pain relief for 3 weeks, and the other provided pain relief for 5 weeks...
2018: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553987/chronic-postsurgical-pain-and-cancer-the-catch-of-surviving-the-unsurvivable
#14
Stephen R Humble, Nicolas Varela, Asantha Jayaweera, Arun Bhaskar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) is an important and well recognized cause of much long-term suffering, which in some cases may be preventable and affects many people living with cancer. Unfortunately, general consensus is lacking as to how best reduce the risk of developing CPSP. RECENT FINDINGS: Cancer is now not always a short-lived, fatal disease and is now moving towards a chronic illness. Poorly managed perioperative pain is the greatest risk factor for CPSP...
March 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551249/estimating-the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-upper-extremity-functional-index-in-women-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#15
Jill M Binkley, Paul Stratford, Stephanie Kirkpatrick, Clara R Farley, Joel Okoli, Sheryl Gabram
BACKGROUND: Activity limitations as well as impairments such as pain, numbness, limitation of shoulder range of motion, and weakness are common and well documented during and after treatment for breast cancer. There is limited information regarding the measurement properties of patient-reported outcome measures of upper extremity activity limitation in this population. This study examined the reliability and validity of the Upper Extremity Functional Index (UEFI) in patients after surgery for breast cancer...
February 21, 2018: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503215/the-relationship-of-age-and-postoperative-pain-in-women-after-surgery-for-breast-cancer
#16
Christina Kudach, Colleen Dunwoody, Susan Wesmiller
In the past, elderly women with breast cancer were not offered surgery because of beliefs that they would experience serious complications from comorbidities and increased chronological age. Today the decision to offer surgery is based on a woman's fitness rather than her age. The purpose of this study is to compare the experience of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), anxiety, and reported pain levels in women who represent four different age groups after breast cancer surgery. This study employed a prospective comparative design...
March 1, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470314/genetic-variation-in-p2rx7-and-pain-tolerance
#17
O Kambur, M A Kaunisto, B S Winsvold, T Wilsgaard, A Stubhaug, J A Zwart, E Kalso, C S Nielsen
P2X7 is a non-selective cation channel activated by extracellular ATP. P2X7 activation contributes to the pro-inflammatory response to injury or bacterial invasion and mediates apoptosis. Recently, P2X7 function has been linked to chronic inflammatory and neuropathic pain. P2X7 may contribute to pain modulation both by effects on peripheral tissue injury underlying clinical pain states, and through alterations in central nervous system processing, as suggested by animal models. To further test its role in pain sensitivity, we examined whether variation within the P2RX7 gene, which encodes the P2X7 receptor, was associated with experimentally induced pain in human patients...
February 20, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469548/pectoral-nerve-block-and-persistent-pain-following-breast-cancer-surgery-an-observational-cohort-study
#18
Guillaume Besch, Caroline Lagrave-Safranez, Fiona Ecarnot, Valentine de Larminat, Catherine Gay, Francis Berthier, Emmanuel Samain, Sebastien Pili-Floury
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463159/prophylactically-applied-hydrofilm-polyurethane-film-dressings-reduce-radiation-dermatitis-in-adjuvant-radiation-therapy-of-breast-cancer-patients
#19
Leonard Christopher Schmeel, David Koch, Sabina Stumpf, Christina Leitzen, Birgit Simon, Heinrich Schüller, Susanne Vornholt, Felix Schoroth, Thomas Müdder, Fred Röhner, Stephan Garbe, Frederic Carsten Schmeel, Hans Heinz Schild, Timo Martin Wilhelm-Buchstab
PURPOSE: Radiation-induced skin injury represents one of the most common side effects in breast cancer patients receiving adjuvant whole-breast radiotherapy. Numerous systemic and topical treatments have been studied in the prevention and management of radiation-induced skin injury without providing sustainable treatment strategies. While superficial barrier-forming skin products such as dressings are the standard of care in wound care management, their utilization as preventive treatment approach in radiotherapy has barely attracted attention...
February 20, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460031/acute-toxicity-of-intraoperative-radiotherapy-and-external-beam-accelerated-partial-breast-irradiation-in-elderly-breast-cancer-patients
#20
D H M Jacobs, G Speijer, A L Petoukhova, E M A Roeloffzen, M Straver, A Marinelli, U Fisscher, A G Zwanenburg, J Merkus, C A M Marijnen, M E Mast, P C M Koper
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We investigated the acute toxicity of accelerated partial breast irradiation using external beam (EB-APBI) or intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) techniques in elderly breast cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women ≥ 60 years with unifocal breast tumors of ≤ 30 mm were eligible for this prospective multi-center cohort study. IORT was applied with electrons following lumpectomy (23.3 Gy). EB-APBI was delivered using 3D-CRT or IMRT in 10 daily fractions of 3...
February 19, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
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