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Persistent post surgical pain

Juying Jin, Lihua Peng, Qibin Chen, Dong Zhang, Li Ren, Peipei Qin, Su Min
BACKGROUND: Chronic post-surgical pain (CPSP) remains a major clinical problem which may be associated with impaired activities of daily life and decreased health-related quality of life. Although cesarean section is one of the most commonly performed operations, chronic pain after cesarean delivery has not been well-studied. The purpose of this prospective study was to assess the incidence and risk factors of chronic pain at 3, 6 and 12 months after cesarean delivery. METHODS: We prospectively investigated preoperative demographic and psychological factors, intraoperative clinical factors, and acute postoperative pain in a cohort of 527 women undergoing cesarean section...
October 18, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
Ashok Kumar Saxena, Geetanjali T Chilkoti, Anand K Chopra, Basu Dev Banerjee, Tusha Sharma
BACKGROUND: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the incidence of chronic persistent post-surgical pain (CPPP) and the role of signal transduction genes in patients undergoing staging laparotomy for carcinoma ovary. METHODS: The present observational study was undertaken following institutional ethical committee approval and informed consent from all the participants. A total 21 patients of ASA grade I to III with age 20-70 years, scheduled for elective staging laparotomy for carcinoma ovary were included...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Pain
Kevin R Stone, Jonathan R Pelsis, Kellen Na, Ann W Walgenbach, Thomas J Turek
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes of the articular cartilage paste graft procedure at a minimum of 10 years from surgery. It is hypothesized that articular cartilage paste grafting can provide patients with a durable repair of severe full-thickness osteochondral injuries, measured by persistence of procedure-induced benefit and subjective outcome scores at 10 or more years. METHODS: Seventy-four patients undergoing paste grafting at a mean age of 45...
October 1, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Tae Ho Lee, Jay Ho Jung, Young Kwon Hong
The aim of this study was to evaluate current practice patterns on diagnosis and management of pediatric varicoceles. Questionnaires of approaches to diagnosis and management of pediatric varicoceles were sent electronically to pediatric urologists. Of the 70 questionnaires e-mailed, 37 (53%) responded to the survey. 10 respondents (27%) chose to operate on varicoceles, whereas 9 (24%) chose to observe, and 18 (49%) chose to decide upon treatment depending on the clinical situation. The most important indication for varicocelectomy was a decrease in ipsilateral testicular size (n=29, 78%) followed by testicular or scrotal pain (n=4, 11%) and varicocele grade (n=4, 11%)...
September 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
Mario G Zotti, Oscar P Brumby-Rendell, Ben McDonald, Tom Fisher, Christovalantis Tsimiklis, Wai Weng Yoon, Orso L Osti
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to determine whether patients derived benefit from removal of pedicle screw instrumentation for axial pain without other cause using our surgical technique and patient selection. A secondary aim was to investigate factors that were associated with poorer outcomes for this procedure as well as complication rate in this cohort. METHODS: Theater records from a single spinal surgeon's practice were reviewed to identify patients that had undergone lumbar fusion for discogenic back pain with subsequent pedicle screw instrumentation removal (Expedium, DePuy Synthes) in the preceding 3 years with a minimum of 18 months follow-up...
December 2015: J Spine Surg
M S Herskin, P Di Giminiani, K Thodberg
In many countries, piglets are tail docked to prevent tail biting. The aim of this study was 1) to evaluate the efficacy of a local anaesthetic and/or NSAID to reduce pain caused by tail docking; and 2) to examine interactions with docking length. This was examined in 295 piglets docked by hot iron cautery 2-4days after birth and based on behaviour during docking as well as the following 5h. The study involved three main factors: local anaesthetic (Lidocain), NSAID (Meloxicam) and docking length. Either 100%, 75%, 50% or 25% of the tails were left on the body of the piglets...
October 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
Natalie Pozzi, Sarah Koblick, Patricia Leung, Leon Boudourakis
INTRODUCTION: There has been a recent trend toward nonoperative management of solid organ injuries with arteriography and embolization as alternatives to surgical exploration. We examine the use of arterial embolization in the management of a post-subtotal nephrectomy urinoma in a patient with severe renal injury secondary to blunt trauma. METHODS: This case report has been reported in line with the CARE criteria [13]. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 35-year-old female patient presented with a persistent urinoma after an incomplete nephrectomy for blunt renal trauma...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Stephan Becker, Alexander Hadjipavlou, Michael H Heggeness
BACKGROUND CONTENT: Lumbar axial back pain arising from degenerative disc disease continues to be a challenging clinical problem whether treated with non-surgical management, local injection, or motion segment stabilization and fusion. PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of intraosseous basivertebral nerve ablation for the treatment of chronic lumbar back pain in a clinical setting. STUDY DESIGN: Patients meeting predefined inclusion/exclusion criteria were enrolled in a study using RF energy to ablate the basivertebral nerve within the vertebral bodies adjacent to the diagnosed level...
September 1, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Kavita N Manchikanti, Christopher G Gharibo, Alan D Kaye
CONTEXT: Lumbar post-surgery syndrome is common and often results in chronic, persistent pain and disability, which can lead to multiple interventions. After failure of conservative treatment, either surgical treatment or a nonsurgical modality of treatment such as epidural injections, percutaneous adhesiolysis is often contemplated in managing lumbar post surgery syndrome. Recent guidelines and systematic reviews have reached different conclusions about the level of evidence for the efficacy of epidural injections and percutaneous adhesiolysis in managing lumbar post surgery syndrome...
April 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
S M Krieg, B Meyer
BACKGROUND: Post-nucleotomy syndrome includes all existing sequelae after surgical nucleotomy for the resection of a lumbar disc herniation, such as axial lumbar back pain and persisting radiculopathy. OBJECTIVES: To describe underlying pathologies and to determine operative treatment options. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Extensive literature research was carried out on Medline. RESULTS: Various devices and approaches have been developed in the last decades...
September 2016: Der Orthopäde
Mohammed Muneer, Ali Alkhafaji, Ayman El-Menyar, Talal Al-Hetmi, Habib Al-Basti, Hassan Al-Thani
Intravascular glomus tumor in the forearm is very rare and usually presents with persistent pain and focal tenderness. The diagnosis of this condition can be easily missed or delayed. There is no successful treatment so far other than surgical excision in most of cases. We presented a 45-year-old female presented with intravascular glomus tumor in her left forearm. The swelling was excised and the post-operative course was uneventful. Intravascular glomus tumor of the forearm is extremely rare and the persistent pain and tenderness are very suspicious...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Michael L Kent, Hung-Lun John Hsia, Thomas J Van de Ven, Thomas E Buchheit
OBJECTIVE: To review acute pain management strategies in patients undergoing amputation with consideration of preoperative patient factors, pharmacologic/interventional modalities, and multidisciplinary care models to alleviate suffering in the immediate post-amputation setting. BACKGROUND: Regardless of surgical indication, patients undergoing amputation suffer from significant residual limb pain and phantom limb pain in the acute postoperative phase. Most studies have primarily focused on strategies to prevent persistent pain with inclusion of immediate postoperative outcomes as secondary measures...
July 8, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
A Pazderska, S Crowther, P Govender, K C Conlon, M Sherlock, J Gibney
UNLABELLED: Avascular necrosis (AVN) is a rare presenting feature of endogenous hypercortisolism. If left untreated, complete collapse of the femoral head may ensue, necessitating hip replacement in up to 70% of patients. The majority of the described patients with AVN due to endogenous hypercortisolaemia required surgical intervention. A 36-year-old female, investigated for right leg pain, reported rapid weight gain, bruising and secondary amenorrhoea. She had abdominal adiposity with violaceous striae, facial plethora and hirsutism, atrophic skin, ecchymosis and proximal myopathy...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Marcio Aurélio Aita, Daniel Schneider Ibanez, Gabriel Cunha Barbosa Saheb, Rafael Saleme Alves
OBJECTIVE: To measure the quality of life and clinical-functional results from patients diagnosed with osteoarthrosis of the distal radioulnar joint who underwent surgical treatment using the technique of total arthroplasty of the ulna, with a total or partial Ascension(®) prosthesis of the distal ulna. METHODS: Ten patients were evaluated after 12 months of follow-up subsequent to total or partial arthroplasty of the distal ulna. All of them presented post-traumatic osteoarthrosis and/or chronic symptomatic instability of the distal radioulnar joint...
November 2015: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Sarah Wennmacker, Mark Lamberts, Jos Gerritsen, Jan Anne Roukema, Gert Westert, Joost Drenth, Cornelis van Laarhoven
BACKGROUND: Persistent postoperative pain (up to 41 %) and significant practice variation necessitate better patient selection for cholecystectomy. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are nowadays known to serve as a tool for better patient selection, although variability within these subjective outcomes may be a point for debate. This study determines associations of both the preoperative pain and patient characteristics with PROMs at 24 weeks after cholecystectomy. In order to evaluate variability of PROMs, we also determined consistency of these outcomes in time...
May 18, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
M Gabrielle Pagé, Joel Katz, Kathryn Curtis, Noga Lutzky-Cohen, E Manolo Romero Escobar, Hance A Clarke
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore acute movement-evoked postoperative pain intensity trajectories over the first 5 days after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and to examine how these pain trajectories are associated with pain-related outcomes 6 weeks and 6 months later. METHODS: A total of 150 adult patients [72 women (48.0 %); mean age 60.0 ± 9.2 (standard deviation) years] completed pain questionnaires preoperatively, several times daily postoperatively until hospital discharge, and 6 weeks and 6 months after surgery...
August 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Stephen J Chester, Kellie Stockton, Alexandra De Young, Belinda Kipping, Zephanie Tyack, Bronwyn Griffin, Ralph L Chester, Roy M Kimble
BACKGROUND: Burns and the associated wound care procedures can be extremely painful and anxiety-provoking for children. Burn injured children and adolescents are therefore at greater risk of experiencing a range of psychological reactions, in particular posttraumatic stress disorder, which can persist for months to years after the injury. Non-pharmacological intervention is critical for comprehensive pain and anxiety management and is used alongside pharmacological analgesia and anxiolysis...
2016: Trials
Alexis L Nolfi, Bryan N Brown, Rui Liang, Stacy L Palcsey, Michael J Bonidie, Steven D Abramowitch, Pamela A Moalli
BACKGROUND: Despite good anatomic and functional outcomes, urogynecologic polypropylene meshes that are used to treat pelvic organ prolapse and stress urinary incontinence are associated with significant complications, most commonly mesh exposure and pain. Few studies have been performed that specifically focus on the host response to urogynecologic meshes. The macrophage has long been known to be the key cell type that mediates the foreign body response. Conceptually, macrophages that respond to a foreign body can be dichotomized broadly into M1 proinflammatory and M2 proremodeling subtypes...
August 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Justin M Broyles, Sami H Tuffaha, Eric H Williams, Laurence Glickman, Taylor A George, A Lee Dellon
BACKGROUND: Breast procedures are among the most common surgeries performed by Plastic Surgeons. The prevalence of persistent pain remains unknown. Our experience has been that persistent breast pain is often related to intercostal nerve trauma. The purpose of this article was to increase awareness of this problem while describing the diagnostic and management strategies for patients with post-operative breast pain. METHODS: A retrospective review of 10 patients with breast pain was stratified according to the index surgical procedures: implant-based reconstruction (7), breast reduction (1), breast augmentation (1), and mastopexy (1)...
October 2016: Microsurgery
Mengqiao Alan Xi, Henry C Tong, Daniel K Fahim, Mick Perez-Cruet
Background Context Controversy remains over the use of provocative discography in conjunction with computed tomography (CT) to locate symptomatic intervertebral discs in patients with chronic, low back pain (LBP). The current study explores the relationship between discogenic pain and disc morphology using discography and CT, respectively, and investigates the efficacy of this combined method in identifying surgical candidates for lumbar fusion by evaluating outcomes. Methods 43 consecutive patients between 2006 and 2013 who presented with refractory low back pain and underwent discography and CT were enrolled in the study...
2016: Curēus
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