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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031154/thermally-stable-microemulsions-comprising-imidazolium-based-surface-active-ionic-liquids-non-polar-ionic-liquid-and-ethylene-glycol-as-polar-phase
#1
Manvir Kaur, Gurbir Singh, Sandeep Kumar, Navnidhi, Tejwant Singh Kang
Ionic liquid (IL), 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide, [C2mim] [Tf2N], as a non-polar phase in conjunction with polar ethylene glycol (EG) forms microemulsions stabilized by surface active ionic liquids (SAILs), N-methyl-N-alkylimidazolium chlorides, [Cnmim] [Cl], where n = 8, 12 and 16 in conjunction with decanol as co-surfactant. The phase behaviour of the ternary systems has been investigated and three regions of microemulsions - polar-in-ionic liquid, bicontinuous and ionic liquid-in-polar, have been identified using electrical conductivity measurements...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031092/one-step-synthesis-of-silicon-carbide-foams-supported-hierarchical-porous-sludge-derived-activated-carbon-as-efficient-odor-gas-adsorbent
#2
Jingling Yang, Wenjun Xu, Chun He, Yajing Huang, Zaili Zhang, Yunchen Wang, Lingling Hu, Dehua Xia, Dong Shu
Hierarchical porous sludge-derived activated carbon coated on macroporous silicon carbide (SiC) foams substrate has been facilely fabricated via a simple one-step strategy by utilizing sludge as carbon source, and jointly using zinc chloride and hexadecanol as pore forming agents. The sludge-derived carbon has been confirmed to be hierarchical macro-meso-microporous structure based on detailed characterization by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectra and nitrogen adsorption-desorption measurement...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027818/effects-of-nesfatin-1-on-atrial-contractility-and-thoracic-aorta-reactivity-in-male-rats
#3
Ayşe Barutcigil, Arda Tasatargil
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the effects of nesfatin-1 on thoracic aorta vasoreactivity and to investigate the inotropic and chronotropic effects of nesfatin-1 on the spontaneous contractions of the isolated rat atria. METHODS: Isolated right atria and thoracic aorta were used in organ baths. The reactivity of the thoracic aorta was evaluated by potassium chloride (KCl), phenylephrine (Phe), acetylcholine (ACh), and sodium nitroprusside (SNP). The effects of nesfatin-1 on the spontaneous contractions of the rat atria were also examined...
October 13, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023426/nanometric-mil-125-nh%C3%A2-metal-organic-framework-as-a-potential-nerve-agent-antidote-carrier
#4
Sérgio M F Vilela, Pablo Salcedo-Abraira, Isabelle Colinet, Fabrice Salles, Martijn C de Koning, Marloes J A Joosen, Christian Serre, Patricia Horcajada
The three-dimensional (3D) microporous titanium aminoterephthalate MIL-125-NH₂ (MIL: Material of Institut Lavoisier) was successfully isolated as monodispersed nanoparticles, which are compatible with intravenous administration, by using a simple, safe and low-cost synthetic approach (100 °C/32 h under atmospheric pressure) so that for the first time it could be considered for encapsulation and the release of drugs. The nerve agent antidote 2-[(hydroxyimino)methyl]-1-methyl-pyridinium chloride (2-PAM or pralidoxime) was effectively encapsulated into the pores of MIL-125-NH₂ as a result of the interactions between 2-PAM and the pore walls being mediated by π-stacking and hydrogen bonds, as deduced from infrared spectroscopy and Monte Carlo simulation studies...
October 12, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020924/plant-jasmonate-zim-domain-genes-shedding-light-on-structure-and-expression-patterns-of-jaz-gene-family-in-sugarcane
#5
Feng Liu, Tingting Sun, Ling Wang, Weihua Su, Shiwu Gao, Yachun Su, Liping Xu, Youxiong Que
BACKGROUND: Sugarcane smut caused by Sporisorium scitamineum is one of the most severe fungal diseases in the sugarcane industry. Using a molecular biological technique to mine sugarcane resistance genes can provide gene resources for further genetic engineering of sugarcane disease-resistant breeding. Jasmonate ZIM (zinc-finger inflorescence meristem) domain (JAZ) proteins, which involved in the responses to plant pathogens and abiotic stresses, are important signaling molecules of the jasmonic acid (JA) pathway...
October 11, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990285/green-and-efficient-processing-of-cinnamomum-cassia-bark-using-ionic-liquids-extraction-of-essential-oil-and-construction-of-uv-resistant-composite-films-from-residual-biomass
#6
Mohit Mehta, Arvind Kumar
There is a significant interest in development of sustainable and integrated process of extraction of essential oils and separation of biopolymers using novel and efficient solvent systems. Herein, Cassia essential oil enriched in Coumarin is extracted from Cinnamomum Cassia bark using a protic ionic liquid, ethylammonium nitrate (EAN) via dissolution and creation of a biphasic system with the help of diethyl ether. The process has been perfected in terms of higher biomass dissolution ability and essential oil yield by addition of aprotic ILs (based on 1-butyl-3-methyl imidazolium cation [Bmim] and chloride [Cl] or acetate [OAc] anion) to EAN...
October 8, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984993/total-synthesis-of-13-c-2-13-c-3-and-13-c-5-isotopomers-of-xanthohumol-the-principal-prenylflavonoid-from-hops
#7
Duncan C Ellinwood, Mohamed F El-Mansy, Layhna S Plagmann, Jan F Stevens, Claudia S Maier, Adrian F Gombart, Paul R Blakemore
Xanthohumol [(E)-6´-methoxy-3´-(3-methylbuten-2-yl)-2´,4´,4´´-trihydroxychalcone], the principal prenylated flavonoid from hops, has a complex bioactivity profile and (13) C-labelled isotopomers of this compound are of potential use as molecular probes and as analytical standards to study metabolism and mode-of-action. 1,3-[(13) C]2 -Xanthohumol was prepared by an adaptation of the total synthesis of Khupse and Erhardt in 7 steps and 5.7% overall yield from phloroglucinol by a route incorporating a cascade Claisen-Cope rearrangement to install the 3´-prenyl moiety from a 5´-prenyl aryl ether and an aldol condensation between 1-[(13) C]-2´,4´-bis(benzyloxymethyloxy)-6´-methoxy-3´-(3-methylbuten-2-yl)acetophenone and 1´-[(13) C]-4-(methoxymethyloxy)benzaldehyde...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970934/reversible-c-c-bond-formation-at-a-triply-cyclometallated-platinum-iv-centre
#8
Paul A Shaw, Guy J Clarkson, Jonathan P Rourke
The oxidation of the tribenzylphosphine derivative of the doubly cylcometallated platinum(ii) complex of diphenylpyridine, 1, with PhICl2 led, as a first step, to the formation of a highly electrophilic metal centre which attacked the benzyl phosphine to give a triply cyclometallated species as the arenium ion. The highly acidic arenium ion protonated unreacted starting 1, a reaction that could be supressed by the addition of water, and gave the neutral species 2(t). Octahedral complex 2(t) was induced to reductively couple, with two five-membered rings coupling to give square planar complex 5 containing a nine-membered ring...
August 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965050/trace-level-determination-of-chloroacetyl-chloride-and-degradation-products-by-derivatization-gas-chromatography
#9
Marie-France Morissette, Larry Wigman, Jerry Tso
A gas chromatographic procedure has been developed for the trace determination of chloroacetyl chloride (CAC) and two of its impurities: methyl chloroacetate (MCA) and chloroacetic acid (CAA). All three compounds are derivatized using piperidine in dichloroethane prior to their analysis via gas chromatography coupled with a flame ionization detection (GC-FID). Recoveries of each compound were assessed in two different pharmaceutical matrices (intermediate and final active pharmaceutical ingredient) and ranged from 75 to 125%...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956588/design-principles-from-multiscale-simulations-to-predict-nanostructure-in-self-assembling-ionic-liquids
#10
Benjamin T Nebgen, Harsha D Magurudeniya, Kevin W C Kwock, Bryan S Ringstrand, Towfiq Ahmed, Sönke Seifert, Jian-Xin Zhu, Sergei Tretiak, Millicent A Firestone
Molecular dynamics simulations (up to the nanoscale) were performed on the 3-methyl-1-pentylimidazolium ionic liquid cation paired with three anions; chloride, nitrate, and thiocyanate as aqueous mixtures, using the effective fragment potential (EFP) method, a computationally inexpensive way of modeling intermolecular interactions. The simulations provided insight (preferred geometries, radial distribution functions and theoretical proton NMR resonances) into the interactions within the ionic domain and are validated against (1)H NMR spectroscopy and small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering experiments on 1-decyl-3-methylimidazolium...
September 28, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946135/anti-organic-fouling-and-anti-biofouling-poly-piperazineamide-thin-film-nanocomposite-membranes-for-low-pressure-removal-of-heavy-metal-ions
#11
Anupam Bera, Jaladhi S Trivedi, Sweta Binod Kumar, Arvind K Singh Chandel, Soumya Haldar, Suresh K Jewrajka
Propensity towards anti-organic fouling, anti-biofouling property and low rejection of multivalent cation (monovalent counter ion) restricts the application of the state-of-art poly(piperazineamide) [poly(PIP)] thin film composite (TFC) nanofiltration (NF) membrane for the treatment of water containing toxic heavy metal ions, organic fouling agents and microbes. Herein, we report the preparation of thin film nanocomposite (TFNC) NF membranes with improved heavy metal ions rejection efficacy, anti-biofouling property, and anti-organic fouling properties compared to that of poly(PIP) TFC NF membrane...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943490/the-curcumin-induced-vasorelaxation-in-rat-superior-mesenteric-arteries
#12
Han Zhang, Huanhuan Liu, Yulong Chen, Yan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Curcumin (Cur) is a natural lipophilic polyphenol compound extracted from the rhizome of turmeric. Recently, protective effect of Cur on cardiovascular system is pay close attention. Some researches demonstrated that Cur could induce vascular relaxation in many arterial beds. However, relaxant effect of Cur on rat superior mesenteric artery is not clear. OBJECTIVE: The present study will investigate the vasorelaxant effect of Cur on rat superior mesenteric arteries and the mechanisms involved...
September 21, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936515/lysosomal-tracking-with-a-cationic-naphthalimide-using-multiphoton-fluorescence-lifetime-imaging-microscopy
#13
Meng Li, Haobo Ge, Vincenzo Mirabello, Rory L Arrowsmith, Gabriele Kociok-Köhn, Stanley W Botchway, Weihong Zhu, Sofia I Pascu, Tony D James
A naphthalimide-based chemosensing motif turns ON the fluorescence emission in solution in the presence of aqueous iron(iii) chloride, and maintains this property in living cancer cells. The emission response to Fe(iii) ions occurs simultaneously with a change in pH. The protonation of methyl piperazine-conjugated naphthalimide promotes its lysosomal localisation as assessed by co-localisation tests and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) in vitro.
September 22, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932429/synthesis-and-crystal-structure-of-a-disubstituted-nickel-ii-bis-di-methyl-amino-phenyl-imino-eth-yl-pyridine-chloride-complex
#14
Morgan Matthews, Madison Sendzik, Adrienne Bruggeman, Claire Kearns, Allen G Oliver, Dominic C Babbini
The solvated title compound, bis-[2,6-bis-(1-{[4-(di-methyl-amino)-phen-yl]imino-κN}eth-yl)pyridine-κN]nickel(II) dichloride-di-chloro-methane-water (1/2/2), [Ni(C25H29N5)2]Cl2·2CH2Cl2·2H2O, represents a nickel(II) bis-(pyridine di-imine) complex with electron-donating di-methyl-amino-phenyl substituents. The complex crystallizes as a water/di-chloro-methane solvate with Z' = 2, thus the asymmetric unit consists of two Ni(II) complex cations, four chloride anions, four adventitious water and four di-chloro-methane solvent mol-ecules...
July 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932424/crystal-structure-and-uv-spectra-of-a-1-2-disubstituted-benzimidazolium-chloride
#15
Tuhin Khan, Navneet Mishra, Darshan S Mhatre, Anindya Datta
1-(2-Hy-droxy-benz-yl)-2-(2-hy-droxy-phen-yl)-1H-benzimidazol-3-ium chloride, C20H17N2O2(+)·Cl(-), was prepared by reaction of salicyl-aldehyde with o-phenyl-enedi-amine in the presence of tri-methyl-silyl chloride acting as a source of HCl. As a result of steric hindrance, the cation in the crystal is far from planar: the benzimidazole ring system makes dihedral angles of 55.49 (9) and 81.36 (8)° with the planes of the phenolic groups. The crystal packing is dominated by O-H⋯Cl and N-H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds, which link the cations and anions into four-membered rings and then into chains along [100]...
July 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929374/inhibition-of-gsk-3%C3%AE-activation-protects-sd-rat-retina-against-n-methyl-n-nitrosourea-induced-degeneration-by-modulating-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway
#16
Baoying Wang, Chenghu Hu, Xiaobei Yang, Fangying Du, Yan Feng, Hongbo Li, Chunhui Zhu, Xiaorui Yu
Retinal degenerative diseases are characterized by photoreceptor cell loss. Photoreceptor cell loss leading to retinal degeneration can be induced by N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU), which was widely used to mimic the pathology. However, the mechanism by which MNU induces photoreceptor cell loss is still largely unknown. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase-3β (p-GSK-3β) is a potent mediator of MNU-induced retinal degeneration and how p-GSK-3β affects the process...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915389/choline-prevents-fetal-overgrowth-and-normalizes-placental-fatty-acid-and-glucose-metabolism-in-a-mouse-model-of-maternal-obesity
#17
Juha Nam, Esther Greenwald, Chauntelle Jack-Roberts, Tamara T Ajeeb, Olga V Malysheva, Marie A Caudill, Kathleen Axen, Anjana Saxena, Ekaterina Semernina, Khatia Nanobashvili, Xinyin Jiang
Maternal obesity increases placental transport of macronutrients, resulting in fetal overgrowth and obesity later in life. Choline participates in fatty acid metabolism, serves as a methyl donor and influences growth signaling, which may modify placental macronutrient homeostasis and affect fetal growth. Using a mouse model of maternal obesity, we assessed the effect of maternal choline supplementation on preventing fetal overgrowth and restoring placental macronutrient homeostasis. C57BL/6J mice were fed either a high-fat (HF, 60% kcal from fat) diet or a normal (NF, 10% kcal from fat) diet with a drinking supply of either 25 mM choline chloride or control purified water, respectively, beginning 4 weeks prior to mating until gestational day 12...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913646/computational-investigation-of-the-microstructural-characteristics-and-physical-properties-of-glycerol-based-deep-eutectic-solvents
#18
Tayeb Aissaoui, Yacine Benguerba, Mohamed Khalid AlOmar, Inas M AlNashef
Recently, there has been significant interest in the possibility of using deep eutectic solvents (DESs) as novel green media and alternatives to conventional solvents and ionic liquids (ILs) in many applications. Due to their attractive properties, such as their biodegradability, low cost, easy preparation, and nontoxicity, DESs appear to be very promising solvents for use in the field of green chemistry. This computational study investigated six glycerol-based DESs: DES1 (glycerol:methyl triphenyl phosphonium bromide), DES2 (glycerol:benzyl triphenyl phosphonium chloride), DES3 (glycerol:allyl triphenyl phosphonium bromide), DES4 (glycerol:choline chloride), DES5 (glycerol:N,N-diethylethanolammonium chloride), and DES6 (glycerol:tetra-n-butylammonium bromide)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900851/tributyltin-chloride-disrupts-aortic-vascular-reactivity-and-increases-reactive-oxygen-species-production-in-female-rats
#19
Carolina Falcão Ximenes, Samya Mere Lima Rodrigues, Priscila Lang Podratz, Eduardo Merlo, Julia Fernandez Puñal de Araújo, Lívia Carla Melo Rodrigues, Juliana Barbosa Coitinho, Dalton Valentim Vassallo, Jones Bernardes Graceli, Ivanita Stefanon
Organotin compounds, such as tributyltin (TBT), are environment contaminants that induce bioaccumulation and have potential toxic effects on marine species and mammals. TBT have been banned by the International Maritime Organization in 2003. However, the assessment of butyltin and metal contents in marine sediments has demonstrated high residual levels of TBT in some cases exceeding 7000 ng Sn g(-1). The acceptable daily intake (ADI) level for TBT established by the World Health Organization is 0.5 μg/kg bw/day is based on genotoxicity, reproduction, teratogenicity, immunotoxicity, and mainly neurotoxicity...
September 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891037/analytical-insight-into-degradation-processes-of-aminopolyphosphonates-as-potential-factors-that-induce-cyanobacterial-blooms
#20
Damian Drzyzga, Jacek Lipok
Aminopolyphosphonates (AAPs) are commonly used industrial complexones of metal ions, which upon the action of biotic and abiotic factors undergo a breakdown and release their substructures. Despite the low toxicity of AAPs towards vertebrates, products of their transformations, especially those that contain phosphorus and nitrogen, can affect algal communities. To verify whether such chemical entities are present in water ecosystems, much effort has been made in developing fast, inexpensive, and reliable methods for analyzing phosphonates...
September 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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