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Koy W Regis, Jesse M Meik
BACKGROUND: The macroevolutionary pattern of Rensch's Rule (positive allometry of sexual size dimorphism) has had mixed support in turtles. Using the largest carapace length dataset and only large-scale body mass dataset assembled for this group, we determine (a) whether turtles conform to Rensch's Rule at the order, suborder, and family levels, and (b) whether inferences regarding allometry of sexual size dimorphism differ based on choice of body size metric used for analyses. METHODS: We compiled databases of mean body mass and carapace length for males and females for as many populations and species of turtles as possible...
2017: PeerJ
Fatih Meteroğlu, Atalay Şahin, İsmail Başyiğit, Menduh Oruç, Serdar Monıs, Ahmet Sızlanan, Serdar Onat, Refik Ülkü
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to emphasize diaphragmatic injuries that can be overlooked in chest traumas. METHODS: Between January 2000 and June 2013, fifty-three patients with traumatic diaphragmatic laceration were evaluted among 1349 patients who had chest injuries. Patients were examined regarding age, gender, associated injuries, surgical interventions, postoperative morbidity, mortality and length of hospital stays. RESULTS: Of them, fifty-three cases had diaphragmatic lacerations...
December 2015: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Linda E M van den Berg, Marein M Favejee, Stephan C A Wens, Michelle E Kruijshaar, Stephan F E Praet, Arnold J J Reuser, Johannes B J Bussmann, Pieter A van Doorn, Ans T van der Ploeg
BACKGROUND: Pompe disease is a proximal myopathy. We investigated whether exercise training is a safe and useful adjuvant therapy for adult Pompe patients, receiving enzyme replacement therapy. METHODS: Training comprised 36 sessions of standardized aerobic, resistance and core stability exercises over 12 weeks. Before and after, the primary outcome measures safety, endurance (aerobic exercise capacity and distance walked on the 6 min walk test) and muscle strength, and secondary outcome measures core stability, muscle function and body composition, were evaluated...
2015: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
M Elbay, Ü Şermet Elbay, S Yıldırım, C Uğurluel, C Kaya, C Baydemir
AIM: To compare paediatric patients' pain during needle insertion and injection in inferior alveoler nerve block (IANB) anaesthesia injected by either a traditional syringe (TS) or the DentalVibe Injection Comfort System (DV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: HASH(0x2d52fa8) STUDY DESIGN: the study was a randomised controlled crossover clinical trial, comprised of 60 children aged 6-12 requiring an operative procedure with IANB anaesthesia on their mandibular molars bilaterally...
June 2015: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Farnaz Zahedi Avval, Shadi Shomali, Mohammad Nadri, Reza Boostani, Lida Jarahi, Masoud Youssefi
ST2 is a member of IL-1 receptor family expressed on Th2 cells and regulates Th2 responces. The gene of ST2 encodes soluble ST2 (sST2) and the transmembrane ST2 (ST2L) isoforms through alternative mRNA splicing. The discovery of IL33/ ST2 signaling pathway, has drawn a great scientific attention to this system. sST2 has been shown to be an indacating factor in various infl ammatory conditions. This study aims to evaluate serum sST2 levels in HTLV-1 infected patients. This study included 49 HTLV-1 seropositive cases of which 14 were sympthomatic...
June 2015: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Maral Mazloomi Tabrizi, Sepideh Arbabi Bidgoli
Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is one of the most common hematologic malignancies, accounting for one fourth of all childhood cancer cases. Exposure to environmental factors around the time of conception or pregnancy can increase the risk of ALL in the offspring.This study aimed to evaluted the role of prenatal and postnatal exposure to high voltage power lines on the incidence of childhood ALL.This cross-sectional case control study was carried out on 22 cases and 100 controls who were born and lived in low socioeconomic families in Isfahan and hospitalized for therapeutic purposes in different hospitals from 2013-2014...
2015: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Marie Ociskova, Jan Prasko, Dana Kamaradova, Ales Grambal, Klara Latalova, Zuzana Sigmundova
OBJECTIVE: Many psychiatric patients suffer from self-stigma. One consequence of these internalized prejudices is decreased treatment efficacy. Much has been written about the effects of self-stigma in patients with severe mental disorders. However, individuals with minor psychiatric disorders also suffer from self-stigma. It is therefore necessary to explore the effect of self-stigma on treatment efficacy of neurotic patients. METHOD: Aim of out study was to investigate relationship between self-stigma, severity of symptoms, and presence of comorbidit disorder and treatment outcome in neurotic patients...
2014: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Cao Tan Thai, Ibrahim Michel Karam, Phi Linh Nguyen-Thi, Frédéric Lefèvre, Jacques Hubert, Jacques Felblinger, Pascal Eschwège
PURPOSE: To describe the internal pudendal artery (IPA) and accessory pudendal artery (APA) detected by magnetic resonance (MR) angiography to help surgeons to find and preserve them during radical prostatectomy (RP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Constrast-enhanced MR 3.0 T angiography of the pelvis were performed in 111 male patients suspected diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa), and describe the penile arterial blood supply. RESULTS: There are three patterns of the arterial blood supply to the penis (IPA and/or APA) accounting for 51...
May 2015: European Journal of Radiology
Elisabete Cristina de Oliveira Martim, Carolina Ferreira Pinto, Mirian Watanabe, Maria de Fátima Fernandes Vattimo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is the most serious complication of rhabdomyolysis. In this syndrome, the delivery of heme pigment induces an injury that distinguishes itself by glomerular vasoconstriction and direct cellular toxicity with oxidative component. The renoprotection with antioxidants has demonstrated satisfactory effect. The proanthocyanidins are natural antioxidants found in the grape seed extract. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant effect of Vitis vinifera (grape seed extract) on the renal function of rats submitted to the injury by rhabdomyolysis...
September 2007: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
C-C Lin, J-H Chiang, C-I Li, T-F Hsieh, C-S Liu, W-Y Lin, Y-D Lee, T-C Li
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, gastric and hepatobiliary comorbidities, and cancer share common risk factors: for example, tobacco, obesity, physical inactivity, high calorie intake, and metabolic disorders. Prior studies find type 2 diabetes and gastric and hepatobiliary comorbidities heightening risk of pancreatic cancer. Yet joint association of type 2 diabetes mellitus and gastric and hepatobiliary comorbidities on pancreatic cancer risk has not been assessed. METHODS: This study rates independent/joint effects of type 2 diabetes as well as gastric and hepatobiliary comorbidity on pancreatic cancer risk for a retrospective population-based cohort of 166,850 type 2 diabetics identified in 1997-1998 and followed for 10-11 years, comparing their cancer incidence with that of 166,850 non-diabetics matched for age, gender, and locale...
November 25, 2014: British Journal of Cancer
D K Kochar, Ashis Das, Abhishek Kochar, Sheetal Middha, Jyoti Acharya, G S Tanwar, Deepak Pakalapati, A K Subudhi, P A Boopathi, Shilpi Garg, S K Kochar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Description of severe vivax malaria and mixed species infection requires good clinical study. The present study was undertaken to evalute the characteristics of severe malaria patients in Bikaner, northwest India. METHODS: This prospective study included 539 admitted adult patients of severe malaria (Plasmodium falciparum 274, P. vivax 221, and mixed infection of Pv + Pf 44). The diagnosis was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction. The categorization of severe malaria was done strictly as per WHO criteria...
September 2014: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
L B Lazebnik, Iu V Konev, L I Efremov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Experimental & Clinical Gastroenterology
Marcin Bednarek, Marek Trybus, Witold Pokrowiecki, Piotr Guzik, Zdzisław Wiśniowski
UNLABELLED: The essence of Dupuytryen's contracture is progressive process of fibrous overgrow of the subfascial sturctures of hand volar's surface. This is the reason of impaired range of the finger movement's and subsequent limitations of their function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consist of 95 patients treated because of Dupuytryen contracture in the 2nd Chair of Surgery, Medical College of JagielIonian University between 2006-2011. The subjective evalution of increase of hand's function quality was based on DASH (Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand) questionnaire...
2013: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Rashid Nadeem, Amin Nadeem, Essam Mohamed Madbouly, Janos Molnar, Jeanette Levine Morrison
OBJECTIVE: To determine the lunar effect on mortality among patients admitted to the intensive care unit. METHODS: The retrospective study conducted at Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, and comprised data of 4387 patients in intensive care unit from December 2002 to November 2004. The subjects were divided into two groups: patients who died on full moon days (the 14th, 15th, and 16th days of the lunar month); and patients who died on the other days of the month...
February 2014: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
L Cirillo, C Casella, F D'Adda, C Cappelli, B Salerni
AIM: Clinical significance, population screening and management of subclinical hyperthyroidism (SHyper) are still debated. Although the diagnosis of subclinical hyperthyroidism is, by definition, purely a biochemical one a conventional gray-scale sonography and, more recently, color-flow Doppler sonography (CFDS) have proven to be useful in obtaining information about thyroid morphology and function in thyroid disease, such as SHyper. The objective of this study was to evaluate, using CFDS, the presence and significance of changes in intrathyroidal blood flow and velocity in patients affected by SHyper and, to evalutate the potential diagnostic role of CFDS in mild thyroid disease in absence of a significant alteration in the serum level of circulating thyroid hormones...
March 2014: Minerva Endocrinologica
Katherine J Hunt, Natalie Shlomo, Julia Addington-Hall
BACKGROUND: End-of-life care (EOLC) is a key component in care of older people. However, evidence suggests that the oldest old (>85 years) are less likely to access specialist EOLC. OBJECTIVE: The study's objective was to explore experiences of EOLC among the oldest old and determine their reported preference for place of death. DESIGN: The study involved a self-completion postbereavement survey. METHODS: A census was taken of deaths registered between October 2009 and April 2010 in two health districts, identified from death certificates...
February 2014: Journal of Palliative Medicine
D K Uppal, C F Curtis, V K Soni
Two pure translocation homozygote stocks, T1/T1 and T3/T3, were used to produce a double translocation heterozygote system designated T1/T3, employing T1/T1 as the male and T3/T3 as the female parent. The double heterozygote showed 73 % sterility when mated to wild females. Tests on mating competitiveness, recombination frequency in the differential segment, insemination rate and inheritance of sterility after release, for four generations in laboratory cages, have been carried out to evaluate the efficiency of this strain as an agent for a population control programme...
July 1978: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Füsun Yıldız, Gülbin Bingöl Karakoç, Refika Ersu Hamutçu, Nazan Yardım, Banu Ekıncı, Arzu Yorgancıoğlu
INTRODUCTION: Although chronic respiratory disorders are important causes of morbidity and mortality, health care workers, patients and caretakers are not well informed about these disorders. Therefore these problems are underdiagnosed and undertreated; also preventive measures are not widely taken. Our aim was to evaluate the knowledge of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Turkey. This study was designed and performed as a Global Alliance Against Respiratory Disorders (GARD) project...
2013: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
S Voigt-Radloff, G Ruf, A Vogel, F van Nes, M Hüll
OBJECTIVE: Previous systematic reviews on occupational therapy for elderly included studies until 2003. The present evidence mapping summarizes recent evidence for the efficacy of occupational therapy with older persons based on randomised controlled trials from 2004-2012. METHOD: An electronic search in Cochrane and Medline databases identified publications of randomised controlled trials on occupational therapy interventions for persons≥65 years old. Two raters independently extracted data and analysed the quality of samples, interventions and outcome evalutations according to PRISMA criteria...
January 2015: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Gholam Hossein Farjah, Behnam Heshmatian, Mojtaba Karimipour, Ali Saberi
OBJECTIVE(S): The aim of this study was to evaluate the final outcome of nerve regeneration across the eggsell membrane (ESM) tube conduit in comparison with autograft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty adult male rats (250-300 g) were randomized into (1) ESM conduit, (2) autograft, and (3) sham surgery groups. The eggs submerged in 5% acetic acid. The decalcifying membranes were cut into four pieces, rotated over the teflon mandrel and dried at 37(°)C. The left sciatic nerve was surgically cut...
August 2013: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
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