keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

exercise regimen

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739051/effectiveness-of-nutritional-and-exercise-interventions-to-improve-body-composition-and-muscle-strength-or-function-in-sarcopenic-obese-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Christos Theodorakopoulos, Jacklyn Jones, Elaine Bannerman, Carolyn A Greig
Although sarcopenic obesity (SO) poses a major public health concern, a robust approach for the optimization of body composition and strength/function in SO has not yet been established. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of nutritional (focusing on energy and protein modulation) and exercise interventions, either individually or combined, on body composition and strength/function in older adults with SO. MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL and SPORTDiscus were searched...
July 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736511/effects-of-methylsulfonylmethane-msm-on-exercise-induced-oxidative-stress-muscle-damage-and-pain-following-a-half-marathon-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#2
Eric D Withee, Kimberly M Tippens, Regina Dehen, Deanne Tibbitts, Douglas Hanes, Heather Zwickey
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress and muscle damage occur during exhaustive bouts of exercise, and many runners report pain and soreness as major influences on changes or breaks in training regimens, creating a barrier to training persistence. Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is a sulfur-based nutritional supplement that is purported to have pain and inflammation-reducing effects. To investigate the effects of MSM in attenuating damage associated with physical exertion, this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the effects of MSM supplementation on exercise-induced pain, oxidative stress and muscle damage...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728559/effect-of-insulin-therapy-and-dietary-adjustments-on-safety-and-performance-during-simulated-soccer-tests-in-people-with-type-1-diabetes-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Javier Calvo-Marín, Gabriel Torrealba-Acosta, Matthew Campbell, Jesse Gaboury, Ajmol Ali, Chih Hao Chen-Ku
BACKGROUND: Despite the reduction in glycemic derangement in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) through dietary and therapeutic adjustments implemented before, during and after continuous exercise, evidence for its effectiveness with intermittent forms of exercise, such as soccer, is still lacking. METHODS/DESIGN: We designed a study protocol for a randomized, crossover, double-blinded, controlled trial, for the evaluation of the effect that a strategy of dietary and therapeutic modifications may have on safety and performance of persons with T1D in soccer training sessions and cognitive testing...
July 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727846/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-versus-mild-intensity-endurance-training-on-metabolic-phenotype-and-corticosterone-response-in-rats-fed-a-high-fat-or-control-diet
#4
Youqing Shen, Guoyuan Huang, Bryan P McCormick, Tao Song, Xiangfeng Xu
The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HI) to mild-intensity endurance training (ME), combined with a high-fat diet (HFD) or control diet (CD) on metabolic phenotype and corticosterone levels in rats. Fifty-three rats were randomized to 6 groups according to diet and training regimen as follows: CD and sedentary (CS, n = 11), CD and ME (CME, n = 8), CD and HI (CHI, n = 8), HFD and sedentary (HS, n = 10), HFD and ME (HME, n = 8), and HFD and HI (HHI, n = 8)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727165/increased-fibre-and-reduced-trans-fatty-acid-intake-are-primary-predictors-of-metabolic-improvement-in-overweight-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-substudy-of-randomized-trial-between-diet-exercise-and-diet-plus-exercise-for-weight-control
#5
Åsa Nybacka, Per M Hellström, Angelica L Hirschberg
OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is commonly affected by obesity. PCOS phenotypes are prone to increased waist/hip ratio, insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia. This substudy was undertaken to evaluate the effects of lifestyle interventions on metabolic biomarkers in overweight/obese PCOS women, and the interventional effects of dietary components related to metabolic outcomes. DESIGN: Randomized three-arm parallel study. PATIENTS: Fifty-seven PCOS women (BMI >27kg/m(2) , age 18-40) were randomly assigned to diet (D, n=19), exercise (E, n=19) or diet plus exercise (DE, n=19) in three-arm fashion over 16 weeks...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723813/effect-of-resistance-training-on-blood-pressure-and-autonomic-responses-in-treated-hypertensives
#6
Gabriela Alves Trevizani, Mariana Balbi Seixas, Paulo Roberto Benchimol-Barbosa, Jeferson Macedo Vianna, Lilian Pinto da Silva, Jurandir Nadal
This study evaluated the effect of resistance training (RT) on heart rate variability (HRV) and on blood pressure (BP) responses to acute and short-term exposure in treated hypertensive subjects. Twenty one men participated in the study, eight hypertensive under drug treatment regimen and achieving adequate blood pressure control prior to inclusion (HT) and thirteen normotensive (NT). The RT protocol consisted of 12 sessions with 8 exercises (leg extension, leg press, leg curl, bench press, seated row, triceps push-down, seated calf flexion and seated arm curl) performed for 2 sets of 15-20 repetitions with 50% of one repetition-maximum (1RM) with 2-minute rest intervals in between sets, 3x/week...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723375/the-effects-of-exercise-on-fatigue-quality-of-life-and-psychological-function-for-men-with-prostate-cancer-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#7
REVIEW
Vishal Vashistha, Balwinder Singh, Sukhdeep Kaur, Larry J Prokop, Dharam Kaushik
CONTEXT: Conflicting data exists on the role of exercise interventions in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) regarding quality of life (QOL) endpoints. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of exercise interventions on fatigue, QOL, depression, and anxiety in PCa patients. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched seven major databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Web of Science, and Scopus) for randomized control trials (RCTs) of supervised exercise interventions for men with PCa from database inception to October 2015...
August 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709659/in-vivo-hip-joint-loads-and-pedal-forces-during-ergometer-cycling
#8
P Damm, J Dymke, A Bender, G Duda, G Bergmann
The rising prevalence of osteoarthritis and an increase in total hip replacements calls for attention to potential therapeutic activities. Cycling is considered as a low impact exercise for the hip joint and hence recommended. However, there are limited data about hip joint loading to support this claim. The aim of this study was to measure synchronously the in vivo hip joint loads and pedal forces during cycling. The in vivo hip joint loads were measured in 5 patients with instrumented hip implants. Data were collected at several combinations of power and cadence, at two saddle heights...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708228/clinical-and-subclinical-cardiac-late-effects-in-pediatric-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-survivors
#9
Carlo Materazzo, Maura Massimino, Elisabetta Schiavello, Marta Podda, Lorenza Gandola, Graziella Cefalo, Serena Catania, Cristina Meazza, Ivan Moschetti, Monica Terenziani
PURPOSE: Cardiac late effects are responsible for a significant burden of mortality and morbidity among pediatric Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) survivors (HLS). The aim of our study was to assess clinical and subclinical cardiac sequelae in a cohort of childhood HLS treated in the 1980s with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (the ABVD regimen) and limited-field radiotherapy (RT). METHODS: We retrospectively examined a series of HLS treated from 1979 to 1989...
July 8, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697054/medication-simulation-affects-health-provider-students-attitudes-about-adherence-and-concordance
#10
Tamara O Perdue, J Todd Jackson, Christine Herring, Kathryn Garren, R Anthony Yocum, Melvin Swanson, Ann Marie Nye
INTRODUCTION: Assisting polypharmacy patients with complex health regimens is a part of health provider responsibilities. The concepts of adherence and concordance contrast the traditional emphasis on patient compliance. However, health provider students may not be able to empathize with polypharmacy patients. The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of a medication simulation on medical, nursing, and pharmacy students' beliefs about adherence and concordance. METHODS: A prospective, quasi-experimental, pretest, and posttest design was used with institutional review board approval...
July 10, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695558/rehabilitation-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#11
Stephan Keusch, Alexander Turk, Stéphanie Saxer, Nicola Ehlken, Ekkehard Grunig, Silvia Ulrich, On Behalf Of The Swiss Society Of Pulmonary Hypertension
Exertional dyspnoea is a leading symptom in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Patients suffering from PAH report poor quality of life, have skeletal muscle dysfunction and in the absence of advanced medical therapy deteriorate progressively due to right heart failure which can lead to death. For decades, patients with PAH were advised to avoid exercise in fear of exacerbated right heart failure. Recently, it has been shown that a highly supervised rehabilitation programme in expert centres leads to significant improvements in symptoms, quality of life, exercise capacity and may even enhance haemodynamics in selected stable patients treated with advanced regimens of PAH-targeted drugs...
July 11, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681366/proposal-for-a-modified-jaw-opening-exercise-for-dysphagia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Yuji Koyama, Ayaka Sugimoto, Takahide Hamano, Takashi Kasahara, Minoru Toyokura, Yoshihisa Masakado
OBJECTIVE: To verify the feasibility and effectiveness of a newly developed modified jaw opening exercise (MJOE) in post-stroke patients with pharyngeal residue who completed a sixweek exercise regimen. DESIGN: Double-blind, randomized, controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: 16 patients with stroke-related dysphagia. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were allocated to an intervention group (MJOE: one set of five repetitions at 80% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) for 6 seconds) or a control group (isometric jaw closing exercise: one set of five repetitions at 20% MVC for 6 seconds)...
July 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679376/managing-expectations-cognitive-authority-and-experienced-control-in-complex-healthcare-processes
#13
Katherine J Hunt, Carl R May
BACKGROUND: Balancing the normative expectations of others (accountabilities) against the personal and distributed resources available to meet them (capacity) is a ubiquitous feature of social relations in many settings. This is an important problem in the management of long-term conditions, because of widespread problems of non-adherence to treatment regimens. Using long-term conditions as an example, we set out middle range theory of this balancing work. METHODS: A middle-range theory was constructed four stages...
July 5, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676439/the-effect-of-stress-fracture-interventions-in-a-single-elite-infantry-training-unit-1983-2015
#14
Charles Milgrom, Aharon S Finestone
Stress fractures can be seen as an undesired byproduct of demanding physical training. The threshold value of stress that places an individual bone at high risk for stress fracture has not been identified. In a prospective study of stress fractures in 1983, a 31% incidence was found during demanding Israeli infantry basic training by bone scan criteria. Within a subgroup of these recruits, an elite infantry unit was found to have a 40% incidence. Since then and until 2015, eight additional induction companies of the same elite infantry unit were prospectively monitored for stress fractures during their basic training...
July 1, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660239/factors-influencing-diabetes-self-management-among-medically-underserved-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes
#15
Jimmy Reyes, Toni Tripp-Reimer, Edith Parker, Brandi Muller, Helena Laroche
In this study, researchers compare and contrast issues regarding diabetes self-management between persons in good versus poor glycemic control. The sample comprises low-income racially diverse adults with diabetes from four mid-western community health centers; 44 patients participated in eight focus groups divided by control status (HbA1c of > 9 [uncontrolled] or < 7 [controlled]). Themes common to both groups included the impact of dietary restrictions on social interactions, food cravings, the impact of mental health on self-management, and the importance of formal and informal (friends and family) support...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658069/components-of-fatigue-mind-and-body
#16
Colin Carriker
Maximal intensity exercise requires significant energy demand. Subsequently, prolonged high intensity effort eventually initiates volitional cessation of the event; often preceded by a sensation of fatigue. Those examining the basis of fatigue tend to advocate either a peripheral or central model to explain such volitional failure. Practitioners and athletes who understand the tenants of fatigue can tailor their exercise regimens to target areas of potential physical or mental limitation. This review examines the rationale surrounding two separate models which postulate the origination of fatigue...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657933/impact-of-hsct-conditioning-and-glucocorticoid-dose-on-exercise-adherence-and-response
#17
Joachim Wiskemann, Benedikt Herzog, Rea Kuehl, Martina E Schmidt, Karen Steindorf, Rainer Schwerdtfeger, Peter Dreger, Martin Bohus
PURPOSE: Evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCT) is growing that exercise interventions have beneficial effects in patients undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). However, intensive chemotherapy conditioning as well as glucocorticoid (GC) treatment is always part of an allo-HSCT and possibly impact exercise adherence and training response. Therefore, we aimed to examine whether various conditioning protocols or different doses of GC treatment affect exercise adherence and/or training response during the inpatient period...
June 27, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648318/translation-revision-and-validation-of-the-diabetes-distress-scale-for-indonesian-type-2-diabetic-outpatients-with-various-types-of-complications
#18
Bustanul Arifin S Farm, Dyah Aryani Perwitasari, Jarir At Thobari, Qi Cao, Paul F M Krabbe, Maarten J Postma
OBJECTIVES: To translate, revise, and validate the Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS) instrument for Indonesian type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) outpatients with various complications. METHODS: Participants were recruited from four hospitals and two primary health care centers. The study was performed with forward and backward translations, an adaptation testing with a small subset of participants, and validation analysis. Factor analysis with maximum likelihood estimation and promax rotation was then used to investigate the instrument structure...
May 2017: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645696/exercise-training-improves-functional-status-in-hypertensive-older-adults-under-angiotensin-converting-enzymes-inhibitors-medication
#19
Liliana C Baptista, Aristides M Machado-Rodrigues, Manuel Teixeira Veríssimo, Raul A Martins
BACKGROUND: The study aims to analyze the effect of three types of treatment on functional status, and cardiovascular risk outcomes in hypertensive older adults with comorbidities. METHODS: Participants (n=418) underwent one of the following 3 conditions: i) multicomponent exercise training 3times/week (MEX; n=116); ii) angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors used mono-dose daily (ACEi; n=70); iii) combined exercise and ACEi drugs (ACEiMEX; n=232). The trial was completed by 82% of the participants (n=342): MEX (n=90); ACEi (n=66); ACEiMEX (n=186)...
June 20, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633487/high-intensity-interval-training-hiit-improves-physical-performance-and-frailty-in-aged-mice
#20
Kenneth Ladd Seldeen, Ginger Lasky, Merced Maria Leiker, Manhui Pang, Kirkwood Ely Personius, Bruce Robert Troen
Sarcopenia and frailty are highly prevalent in older individuals, increasing the risk of disability and loss of independence. High intensity interval training (HIIT) may provide a robust intervention for both sarcopenia and frailty by achieving both strength and endurance benefits with lower time commitments than other exercise regimens. To better understand the impacts of HIIT during aging, we compared 24-month-old C57BL/6J sedentary mice with those that were administered 10-minute uphill treadmill HIIT sessions three times per week over 16 weeks...
June 17, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
keyword
keyword
115887
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"