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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526286/physical-activity-alters-limb-bone-structure-but-not-entheseal-morphology
#1
Ian J Wallace, Julia M Winchester, Anne Su, Doug M Boyer, Nicolai Konow
Studies of ancient human skeletal remains frequently proceed from the assumption that individuals with robust limb bones and/or rugose, hypertrophic entheses can be inferred to have been highly physically active during life. Here, we experimentally test this assumption by measuring the effects of exercise on limb bone structure and entheseal morphology in turkeys. Growing females were either treated with a treadmill-running regimen for 10 weeks or served as controls. After the experiment, femoral cortical and trabecular bone structure were quantified with μCT in the mid-diaphysis and distal epiphysis, respectively, and entheseal morphology was quantified in the lateral epicondyle...
June 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520962/systematic-short-term-pulmonary-rehabilitation-before-lung-cancer-lobectomy-a-randomized-trial
#2
Yutian Lai, Jianhua Su, Peiyuan Qiu, Mingming Wang, Kun Zhou, Yuxin Tang, Guowei Che
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to assess the impact of a preoperative 1-week, systematic, high-intensity inpatient exercise regimen on patients with lung cancer who had risk factors for postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial with 101 subjects of a preoperative, 7-day systematic, integrated, high-intensity pulmonary exercise regimen. The control group received standard preoperative care. We analysed the occurrence of PPCs in both groups as the primary outcome; other outcomes included changes in blood gas, quality of life, peak expiratory flow rate, the 6-min walk distance and others...
May 17, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511689/harnessing-interactive-technologies-to-improve-health-outcomes-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#3
REVIEW
Andrea Coda, Dean Sculley, Derek Santos, Xavier Girones, Lucie Brosseau, Derek R Smith, Joshua Burns, Keith Rome, Jane Munro, Davinder Singh-Grewal
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) typically have reduced physical activity level and impaired aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacity when compared to their non-JIA counterparts. Low intensity exercise regimens appear to be safe in children with JIA and may results in improvements in overall physical function. Poor adherence to paediatric rheumatology treatment may lead to negative clinical outcomes and possibly increased disease activity. This includes symptoms such as pain, fatigue, quality of life, longer term outcomes including joint damage, as well as increase of healthcare associated costs...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511417/effectiveness-of-a-four-week-diet-regimen-exercise-and-psychological-intervention-for-weight-loss
#4
Tobias Weinreich, Hans-Peter Filz, Ursula Gresser, Barbara M Richartz
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is accompanied by restriction in the quality of life and an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Cardiovascular, orthopedic, and metabolic disorders are among the possible consequences. In the management of obesity, a combination therapy that includes dietary, exercise, and behaviour modules has proven its worth. AIM: To evaluate the effect of weight-associated parameters, circulation associated parameters, glucose metabolism, body composition and life quality changes within a four-week inpatient rehabilitation program...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504116/exercise-reverses-pain-related-weight-asymmetry-and-differentially-modulates-trabecular-bone-microarchitecture-in-a-rat-model-of-osteoarthritis
#5
Jim Cormier, Katherine Cone, Janell Lanpher, Abigail Kinens, Terry Henderson, Lucy Liaw, Edward J Bilsky, Tamara King, Clifford J Rosen, Glenn W Stevenson
There is great interest in developing and utilizing non-pharmacological/non-invasive forms of therapy for osteoarthritis (OA) pain including exercise and other physical fitness regimens. AIMS: The present experiments determined the effects of prior wheel running on OA-induced weight asymmetry and trabecular bone microarchitecture. MAIN METHODS: Wheel running included 7 or 21days of prior voluntary access to wheels followed by OA induction, followed by 21days post-OA access to wheels...
May 11, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503097/asthma-management-among-allergists-in-italy-results-from-a-survey
#6
M S Magnoni, M Caminati, G W Canonica, F Arpinelli, A Rizzi, G Senna
BACKGROUND: In Europe more than 50% of asthmatic treated patients have not well-controlled asthma. Asthma affects about 2.5 million of patients in Italy. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The present survey aims at investigating how Italian allergists approach asthmatic patients, in order to highlight pitfalls and unmet needs concerning real-life asthma management. METHODS: An anonymous 16 item web questionnaire was available (April-October 2015) to all allergists who visited the web site of SIAAIC (Società Italiana di Allergologia, Asma Immunologia Clinica)...
2017: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491039/daily-moderate-exercise-is-beneficial-and-social-stress-is-detrimental-to-disease-pathology-in-murine-lupus-nephritis
#7
Saba I Aqel, Jeffrey M Hampton, Michael Bruss, Kendra T Jones, Giancarlo R Valiente, Lai-Chu Wu, Matthew C Young, William L Willis, Stacy Ardoin, Sudha Agarwal, Brad Bolon, Nicole Powell, John Sheridan, Naomi Schlesinger, Wael N Jarjour, Nicholas A Young
Daily moderate exercise (DME) and stress management are underemphasized in the care of patients with lupus nephritis (LN) due to a poor comprehensive understanding of their potential roles in controlling the inflammatory response. To investigate these effects on murine LN, disease progression was monitored with either DME or social disruption stress (SDR) induction in NZM2410/J mice, which spontaneously develop severe, early-onset LN. SDR of previously established social hierarchies was performed daily for 6 days and DME consisted of treadmill walking (8...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488827/water-versus-land-based-exercises-as-physical-training-programs-in-elderly
#8
Elvira Padua, Francesca Campoli, Vincenzo Manzi, Michele Panzarino, Mauro Lombardo, Giovanni Melchiorri, Virginia Tancredi, Pietro Lebone, Francesco Palazzo, Giuseppe Annino
BACKGROUND: The study aims to analyze and quantify the improvements of some physical skills in a group of subjects over 65 years old who practice regular activities in the gym and in a microgravity environment. METHODS: 132 subjects (68.9 ± 5.5 yrs, 72.7 ± 14.4 kg, 155.3 ± 9.2, 30.6 ± 5 kg/m2) who perform regular physical activity adapted and controlled for the elderly twice a week (50' per session) for a period of 8 months. The tests evaluate flexibility, abdominal and leg strength and balance...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485557/when-the-treatment-becomes-the-problem
#9
Vivek-Thomas J Sankoorikal, Janet Ricks
A 47-year-old white male with a 5-year history of type 2 diabetes mellitus presented to clinic with uncontrolled hyperglycemia, weight loss, and body aches that impeded his ability to work and sleep. He had initially controlled his diabetes successfully with weight loss and exercise. However, in the previous 6 months he had noticed unintentional weight loss. He was evaluated at another clinic where he was prescribed sitagliptin/metformin (Janumet) for his uncontrolled hyperglycemia. After 6 weeks his blood glucose had not significantly improved, and an endocrinologist prescribed insulin glargine (Lantus) and insulin aspart (NovoLog)...
July 2016: Journal of the Mississippi State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474859/the-deterioration-in-physical-function-of-hemodialysis-patients
#10
Brianna K Sutcliffe, Paul N Bennett, Steve F Fraser, Mohammadreza Mohebbi
INTRODUCTION: Physical function in people on hemodialysis deteriorates significantly, however quantification of the rate of deterioration has not been well established. The aim of this study was to examine the rate of deterioration in objective physical function among end-stage kidney disease patients receiving hemodialysis. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-three participants (mean age 67.5 ±13.2 years, 60.6% males) receiving hemodialysis in Australia. Objective physical function was assessed via the 30-second sit-to-stand and eight-foot timed up-and-go at baseline, 12 and 24 weeks...
May 5, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467726/hiv-patient-systemic-mitochondrial-respiration-improves-with-exercise
#11
Morgan Kocher, Mindy McDermott, Rachel Lindsey, Cecilia Shikuma, Mariana Gerschenson, Dominic Chow, Lindsay Kohorn, Ronald K Hetzler, Iris Kimura
INTRODUCTION: In HIV-infected individuals, impaired mitochondrial function may contribute to cardio-metabolic disease as well as to fatigue and frailty. Aerobic exercise improves total body energy reserves; however its impact at the cellular level is unknown. We assessed alterations in cellular bioenergetics in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) before and after a 12 week aerobic exercise study in sedentary HIV-infected subjects on stable antiretroviral therapy (ART) who successfully completed a 12 week aerobic exercise program...
May 3, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459358/oral-contraceptive-use-for-manipulation-of-menstruation-in-young-physically-active-women
#12
Mia A Schaumberg, Lynne M Emmerton, David G Jenkins, Nicola W Burton, Xanne Ak Janse de Jonge, Tina L Skinner
PURPOSE: Menstruation and menstrual symptoms are commonly-cited barriers to physical activity in women. The delay or avoidance of menstruation through extended oral contraceptive regimens may mitigate these barriers, yet information on menstrual manipulation practices in young physically-active women is sparse. The objective of this study was to investigate prevalence of, and reasons for, menstrual manipulation with oral contraceptives in recreationally- and competitively- active women...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454828/aerobic-exercise-training-and-general-health-status-in-ambulatory-heart-failure-patients-with-a-reduced-ejection-fraction-findings-from-the-heart-failure-and-a-controlled-trial-investigating-outcomes-of-exercise-training-hf-action-trial
#13
Andrew P Ambrosy, Lukasz P Cerbin, Adam D DeVore, Stephen J Greene, William E Kraus, Christopher M O'Connor, Ileana L Piña, David J Whellan, Daniel Wojdyla, Angie Wu, Robert J Mentz
BACKGROUND: Although aerobic exercise improves quality of life as assessed by a disease-specific instrument in ambulatory HF patients with a reduced ejection fraction (EF), the impact of an exercise intervention on general health status has not been previously reported. METHODS: A secondary analysis was performed of the HF-ACTION trial (ClinicalTrials.gov Number: NCT00047437), which enrolled 2331 medically stable outpatients with HF and an EF ≤35% and randomized them to aerobic exercise training, consisting of 36 supervised sessions followed by home-based training versus usual care for a median follow-up of 30 months...
April 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447545/effects-of-a-family-based-diabetes-intervention-on-behavioral-and-biological-outcomes-for-mexican-american-adults
#14
Marylyn Morris McEwen, Alice Pasvogel, Carolyn Murdaugh, Joseph Hepworth
Purpose The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of a family-based self-management support intervention for adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Methods Using a 2-group, experimental repeated measures design, 157 dyads (participant with T2DM and family member) were randomly assigned to an intervention (education, social support, home visits, and telephone calls) or a wait list control group. Data were collected at baseline, postintervention (3 months), and 6 months postintervention. A series of 2 × 3 repeated measures ANOVAs were used to test the hypotheses with interaction contrasts to assess immediate and sustained intervention effects...
June 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445707/comparing-sprint-and-endurance-training-on-anxiety-depression-and-its-relation-with-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-rats
#15
Hossein TaheriChadorneshin, Sadegh Cheragh-Birjandi, Saeed Ramezani, Seyed-Hosein Abtahi-Eivary
Although the response of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been shown to low intensity exercise training, but the effect of intensive exercise training is not clear. Also, there is insufficient information about relationship between BDNF and depression and anxiety following intensive exercise. This study aimed to investigate the effects of 6 weeks of intensive endurance training (ET) and sprint interval training (SIT) on brain BDNF and its relationship with anxiety and depression in Albino Wistar rats...
April 23, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441958/metformin-to-augment-strength-training-effective-response-in-seniors-masters-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Doug E Long, Bailey D Peck, Jenny L Martz, S Craig Tuggle, Heather M Bush, Gerald McGwin, Philip A Kern, Marcas M Bamman, Charlotte A Peterson
BACKGROUND: Muscle mass and strength are strong determinants of a person's quality of life and functional independence with advancing age. While resistance training is the most effective intervention to combat age-associated muscle atrophy (sarcopenia), the ability of older adults to increase muscle mass and strength in response to training is blunted and highly variable. Thus, finding novel ways to complement resistance training to improve muscle response and ultimately quality of life among older individuals is critical...
April 26, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438715/impact-of-physical-exercise-on-visceral-adipose-tissue-fatty-acid-profile-and-inflammation-in-response-to-a-high-fat-diet-regimen
#17
Sílvia Rocha-Rodrigues, Amaia Rodríguez, Inês O Gonçalves, Ana Moreira, Elisabete Maciel, Sónia Santos, Maria R Domingues, Gema Frühbeck, António Ascensão, José Magalhães
PURPOSE: Studies associate specific fatty-acids (FA) with the pathophysiology of inflammation. We aimed to analyze the impact of exercise on adipose tissue FA profile in response to a high-fat diet (HFD) and to ascertain whether these exercise-induced changes in specific FA have repercussions on obesity-related inflammation. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned into sedentary, voluntary physical-activity (VPA) and endurance training (ET) groups fed a standard (S, 35kcal% fat) or high-fat (71kcal% fat) diets...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437223/exercise-and-peripheral-nerve-grafts-as-a-strategy-to-promote-regeneration-after-acute-or-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#18
Catherine C Theisen, Rahul Sachdeva, Scarlett Austin, Danielle Kulich, Victoria Kranz, John D Houle
Therapeutic interventions after spinal cord injury (SCI) routinely are designed to address multiple aspects of the primary and/or secondary damage that occurs. Exercise has a demonstrated efficacy for post-SCI complications such as cardiovascular dysfunction, neuropathic pain, and chronic inflammation, yet there is little understanding of the mechanisms by which improvements might result from this non-invasive approach. Here we review several of our observations of molecular and cellular changes within the injured spinal cord following acute or delayed exercise regimens that illustrate the potential for positive effects on neuroprotection and rehabilitation...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432739/effect-of-a-4-week-elastic-resistance-band-training-regimen-on-back-kinematics-in-horses-trotting-in-hand-and-on-the-lunge
#19
T Pfau, V Simons, N Rombach, N Stubbs, R Weller
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Training and rehabilitation techniques aiming at improving core muscle strength may result in increased dynamic stability of the equine vertebral column. A system of elastic resistance bands is suggested to provide proprioceptive feedback during motion to encourage recruitment of core abdominal and hindquarter musculature for improved dynamic stability. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the effects of a specific resistance band system on back kinematics during trot in-hand and during lungeing at beginning and end of a 4-week exercise programme...
April 22, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428879/a-systems-biology-approach-to-investigating-the-influence-of-exercise-and-fitness-on-the-composition-of-leukocytes-in-peripheral-blood
#20
Michael P Gustafson, Ara Celi DiCostanzo, Courtney M Wheatley, Chul-Ho Kim, Svetlana Bornschlegl, Dennis A Gastineau, Bruce D Johnson, Allan B Dietz
BACKGROUND: Exercise immunology has become a growing field in the past 20 years, with an emphasis on understanding how different forms of exercise affect immune function. Mechanistic studies are beginning to shed light on how exercise may impair the development of cancer or be used to augment cancer treatment. The beneficial effects of exercise on the immune system may be exploited to improve patient responses to cancer immunotherapy. METHODS: We investigated the effects of acute exercise on the composition of peripheral blood leukocytes over time in a male population of varying fitness...
2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
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