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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550417/motivational-interviewing-for-workers-with-disabling-musculoskeletal-disorders-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-control-trial
#1
Joanne Park, Shaniff Esmail, Fahreen Rayani, Colleen M Norris, Douglas P Gross
Purpose Although functional restoration programs appear effective in assisting injured workers to return-to-work (RTW) after a work related musculoskeletal (MSK) disorder, the addition of Motivational Interviewing (MI) to these programs may result in higher RTW. Methods We conducted a cluster randomized controlled trial with claimants attending an occupational rehabilitation facility from November 17, 2014 to June 30, 2015. Six clinicians provided MI in addition to the standard functional restoration program and formed an intervention group...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549512/infection-prevention-workforce-potential-benefits-to-educational-diversity
#2
Sara M Reese, Heather M Gilmartin
BACKGROUND: Nurses have historically occupied the infection preventionist (IP) role. As the knowledge and skills needed to advance the field expand, professionals from public health and the laboratory sciences have become IPs. Our study describes the characteristics of current IPs and assesses for relationships between background, certification, experience, and type of work performed. METHODS: The data were drawn from an existing dataset collected in the conduct of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC) MegaSurvey...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549511/infection-prevention-outside-of-the-acute-care-setting-results-from-the-megasurvey-of-infection-preventionists
#3
Monika Pogorzelska-Maziarz, Ericka L Kalp
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been a significant shift of health care delivery to nonacute care settings. However, research on staffing and resources dedicated to infection prevention and control (IPC) in these settings is lacking. METHODS: The data for this analysis come from the 2015 APIC MegaSurvey. Descriptive statistics were computed to describe infection preventionists (IPs) employed in nonacute care settings. Bivariate analyses were conducted to examine differences in facility and demographic characteristics by type of nonacute care setting...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549239/comparing-recall-vs-recognition-measures-of-accident-under-reporting-a-two-country-examination
#4
Tahira M Probst, Laura Petitta, Claudio Barbaranelli
A growing body of research suggests that national injury surveillance data significantly underestimate the true number of non-fatal occupational injuries due to employee under-reporting of workplace accidents. Given the importance of accurately measuring such under-reporting, the purpose of the current research was to examine the psychometric properties of two different techniques used to operationalize accident under-reporting, one using a free recall methodology and the other a recognition-based approach...
May 23, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549123/working-conditions-in-the-explanation-of-occupational-inequalities-in-sickness-absence-in-the-french-sumer-study
#5
Isabelle Niedhammer, Thomas Lesuffleur, Sarah Memmi, Jean-François Chastang
: Explanations of social inequalities in sickness absence are lacking in the literature. Our objectives were to evaluate the contribution of various occupational exposures in explaining these inequalities in a national representative sample of employees. : The study was based on the cross-sectional sample of the SUMER 2010 survey that included 46 962 employees, 26 883 men and 20 079 women. Both sickness absence spells and days within the last 12 months, as health indicators, were studied. Occupation was used as a marker of social position...
May 25, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547876/nurses-but-not-supervisors-safety-practices-are-linked-with-job-satisfaction
#6
David A Hurtado, Seung-Sup Kim, S V Subramanian, Jack T Dennerlein, David C Christiani, Dean M Hashimoto, Glorian Sorensen
AIMS: To test the associations of safety practices as reported by nurses and their respective unit supervisors with job satisfaction. BACKGROUND: Psychosocial workplace factors are associated with job satisfaction; however, it is unknown whether nurses and supervisors accounts of safety practices are differentially linked to this outcome. METHODS: Cross-sectional study design including nurses (n = 1052) nested in 94 units in two hospitals in Boston (MA, USA)...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547741/decrease-in-switches-to-unsafe-proton-pump-inhibitors-after-communications-about-interactions-with-clopidogrel
#7
Willemien J Kruik-Kollöffel, Job van der Palen, Myrthe P P van Herk-Sukel, H Joost Kruik, Kris L L Movig
BACKGROUND: In 2009 and 2010 medicines regulatory agencies published official safety statements regarding the concomitant use of proton pump inhibitors and clopidogrel. We wanted to investigate a change in prescription behaviour in prevalent gastroprotective drug users (2008-2011). METHODS: Data on drug use were retrieved from the Out-patient Pharmacy Database of the PHARMO Database Network. We used interrupted time series analyses (ITS) to estimate the impact of each safety statement on the number of gastroprotective drug switches around the start of clopidogrel and during clopidogrel use...
May 25, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546980/job-demand-control-and-job-stress-at-work-a-cross-sectional-study-among-prison-staff
#8
Jafar Akbari, Rouhollah Akbari, Mahnaz Shakerian, Behzad Mahaki
INTRODUCTION: Job stress can impose significant costs to the workplaces and organizations due to some issues such as absenteeism, less productivity, and medical costs. Job overload and lack of decision latitude can lead to job stress. The current study aimed to investigate the job demands and control as predictor of job stress and its relationship, with some of the demographic characteristics of Iranian prison staff. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed on 171 male employees working in four prisons located in Ilam, Iran...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546974/predicting-body-mass-index-in-women-the-value-of-the-psychological-components-of-depression-anxiety-dietary-restraint-and-nutritional-habits
#9
Behnaz Nikkar Esfahani, Majid Kolahdouzan, Abdulaziz Aflakseir, Mojgan Gharipour
BACKGROUND: Understanding the association between psychological affective disturbances and anthropometric parameters, including body mass index (BMI), is important. These issues may have potential preventive effects on weight reduction in relation to different aspects of women's lifestyles and psychopathological states. The present study aimed to predict BMI based on psychological factors including; depression, anxiety, dietary restraint, and nutritional habits, in a sample of women with sedentary jobs in several Iranian governmental organizations...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546321/inguinal-hernia-repair-among-men-in-relation-to-occupational-mechanical-exposures-and-lifestyle-factors-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Marie Vestergaard Vad, Poul Frost, Jacob Rosenberg, Johan Hviid Andersen, Susanne Wulff Svendsen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate exposure-response relationships between occupational mechanical exposures and first-time lateral and medial inguinal hernia repair and effects of lifestyle factors. To estimate if occupational mechanical exposures advance the repairs. METHODS: This longitudinal study was based on a cohort of men aged 18-65 years with questionnaire data from the Musculoskeletal Research Database at the Danish Ramazzini Centre. We estimated occupational mechanical exposures using a job exposure matrix...
May 25, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546305/national-survey-of-pharmacy-residents-nearing-completion-of-the-2014-15-residency-year
#11
Bryan M Bishop, Janet A Silvester, Christina Y Martin, Colleen G Bush
PURPOSE: The results of a national survey targeting postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) and postgraduate year 2 (PGY2) resident's perceptions of their residency programs and postresidency job prospects are presented. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to PGY1 and PGY2 residents identified through the ASHP membership database. The survey asked basic demographic questions, questions related to the residency experience (satisfaction, hours spent on various general activities such as patient care, research, and staffing), and various questions related to residents' job search and future career plans (search methods, outcomes, and satisfaction with the process)...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545584/can-community-health-workers-play-a-greater-role-in-increasing-access-to-medical-abortion-services-a-qualitative-study
#12
Pallavi Gupta, Sharad D Iyengar, Bela Ganatra, Heidi Bart Johnston, Kirti Iyengar
BACKGROUND: Despite being legally available in India since 1971, barriers to safe and legal abortion remain, and unsafe and/or illegal abortion continues to be a problem. Community health workers have been involved in improving access to health information and care for maternal and child health in resource poor settings, but their role in facilitating accurate information about and access to safe abortion has been relatively unexplored. A qualitative study was conducted in Rajasthan, India to study acceptability, perspectives and preferences of women and community health workers, regarding the involvement of community health workers in medical abortion referrals...
May 25, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545579/evaluation-of-a-laboratory-quality-assurance-pilot-programme-for-malaria-diagnostics-in-low-transmission-areas-of-kenya-2013
#13
Elizabeth Wanja, Rachel Achilla, Peter Obare, Rose Adeny, Caroline Moseti, Victor Otieno, Collins Morang'a, Ephantus Murigi, John Nyamuni, Derek R Monthei, Bernhards Ogutu, Ann M Buff
BACKGROUND: One objective of the Kenya National Malaria Strategy 2009-2017 is scaling access to prompt diagnosis and effective treatment. In 2013, a quality assurance (QA) pilot was implemented to improve accuracy of malaria diagnostics at selected health facilities in low-transmission counties of Kenya. Trends in malaria diagnostic and QA indicator performance during the pilot are described. METHODS: From June to December 2013, 28 QA officers provided on-the-job training and mentoring for malaria microscopy, malaria rapid diagnostic tests and laboratory QA/quality control (QC) practices over four 1-day visits at 83 health facilities...
May 25, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545075/an-improved-ant-colony-optimization-algorithm-with-fault-tolerance-for-job-scheduling-in-grid-computing-systems
#14
Hajara Idris, Absalom E Ezugwu, Sahalu B Junaidu, Aderemi O Adewumi
The Grid scheduler, schedules user jobs on the best available resource in terms of resource characteristics by optimizing job execution time. Resource failure in Grid is no longer an exception but a regular occurring event as resources are increasingly being used by the scientific community to solve computationally intensive problems which typically run for days or even months. It is therefore absolutely essential that these long-running applications are able to tolerate failures and avoid re-computations from scratch after resource failure has occurred, to satisfy the user's Quality of Service (QoS) requirement...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544096/getting-safely-through-the-shift-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-administrative-supervisor-role
#15
Susan H Weaver, Teri G Lindgren
AIM: The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the administrative supervisors' perspective of their managerial practices and how these practices contribute to nurse and patient safety. BACKGROUND: The position of administrative supervisor, often referred to as house supervisor on the evening and night shifts, lacks empirical data supporting efficacy. METHOD: A focused ethnographic study was conducted with 30 administrative supervisors from acute care hospitals, using in-depth interviews and job descriptions...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543428/health-workforce-characteristics-quality-of-life-and-intention-to-leave-the-fit-for-the-future-survey-of-australian-nurses-and-midwives
#16
Lin Perry, Xiaoyue Xu, Christine Duffield, Robyn Gallagher, Rachel Nicholls, David Sibbritt
AIM: To examine the quality of life of nurses and midwives in New South Wales, Australia and compare values with those of the Australian general population; to determine the influence of workforce, health and work life characteristics on quality of life and its effect on workforce intention to leave. BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined nurses' and midwives' quality of life and little is known of its effects on workforce longevity. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2014-2015...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542738/carbamazepine-and-oxcarbazepine-induced-hyponatremia-in-people-with-epilepsy
#17
Bianca Berghuis, Job van der Palen, Gerrit-Jan de Haan, Dick Lindhout, Bobby P C Koeleman, Josemir W Sander
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain possible determinants of carbamazepine (CBZ)- and oxcarbazepine (OXC)-induced hyponatremia in a large cohort of people with epilepsy. METHODS: We collected data on serum sodium levels in people with epilepsy who were attending a tertiary epilepsy center while on treatment with CBZ or OXC. We defined hyponatremia as Na+ ≤134 mEq/L and severe hyponatremia as Na+ ≤128 mEq/L. RESULTS: We identified 1,782 people who had used CBZ (n = 1,424) or OXC (n = 358), of whom 50 were treated with both drugs...
May 24, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542465/employers-perception-of-the-costs-and-the-benefits-of-hiring-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-open-employment-in-australia
#18
Melissa Scott, Andrew Jacob, Delia Hendrie, Richard Parsons, Sonya Girdler, Torbjörn Falkmer, Marita Falkmer
Research has examined the benefits and costs of employing adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) from the perspective of the employee, taxpayer and society, but few studies have considered the employer perspective. This study examines the benefits and costs of employing adults with ASD, from the perspective of employers. Fifty-nine employers employing adults with ASD in open employment were asked to complete an online survey comparing employees with and without ASD on the basis of job similarity. The findings suggest that employing an adult with ASD provides benefits to employers and their organisations without incurring additional costs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542456/increasing-systematicity-leads-to-better-selection-decisions-evidence-from-a-computer-paradigm-for-evaluating-selection-tools
#19
Martin Bäckström, Fredrik Björklund
A computerized paradigm was created to allow for testing in the laboratory whether increasing systematicity helps the recruiter make better selection decisions. Participants were introduced to the job and the applicants on the computer screen and asked to select who they thought should be considered for the job and who should not. Level of systematicity, i.e. the extent to which the recruitment is methodical and uses prepared tools, was manipulated between subjects. Depending on experimental condition participants were helped by means of a tool for extracting judgment criteria (job analysis) and a tool for making judgments related to selected criteria (including calculation of a final score)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542333/it-takes-biking-to-learn-physical-activity-improves-learning-a-second-language
#20
Fengqin Liu, Simone Sulpizio, Suchada Kornpetpanee, Remo Job
Recent studies have shown that concurrent physical activity enhances learning a completely unfamiliar L2 vocabulary as compared to learning it in a static condition. In this paper we report a study whose aim is twofold: to test for possible positive effects of physical activity when L2 learning has already reached some level of proficiency, and to test whether the assumed better performance when engaged in physical activity is limited to the linguistic level probed at training (i.e. L2 vocabulary tested by means of a Word-Picture Verification task), or whether it extends also to the sentence level (which was tested by means of a Sentence Semantic Judgment Task)...
2017: PloS One
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