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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108676/can-work-make-you-mentally-ill-a-systematic-meta-review-of-work-related-risk-factors-for-common-mental-health-problems
#1
REVIEW
Samuel B Harvey, Matthew Modini, Sadhbh Joyce, Josie S Milligan-Saville, Leona Tan, Arnstein Mykletun, Richard A Bryant, Helen Christensen, Philip B Mitchell
It has been suggested that certain types of work may increase the risk of common mental disorders, but the exact nature of the relationship has been contentious. The aim of this paper is to conduct the first comprehensive systematic meta-review of the evidence linking work to the development of common mental health problems, specifically depression, anxiety and/or work-related stress and to consider how the risk factors identified may relate to each other. MEDLINE, PsychInfo, Embase, the Cochrane Collaboration and grey literature databases were systematically searched for review articles that examined work-based risk factors for common mental health problems...
January 20, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108365/neutrophil-subset-responses-in-infants-with-severe-viral-respiratory-infection
#2
Bart Cortjens, Sarah A Ingelse, Job C Calis, Alexander P Vlaar, Leo Koenderman, Reinout A Bem, Job B van Woensel
Neutrophils are the predominant inflammatory cells recruited to the respiratory tract as part of the innate immune response to viral infections. Recent reports indicate the existence of distinct functional neutrophil subsets in the circulatory compartment of adults, following severe inflammatory conditions. Here, we evaluated the occurrence of neutrophil subsets in blood and broncho-alveolar lavage fluid during severe viral respiratory infection in infants based on CD16/CD62L expression. We show that during the course of severe respiratory infection infants may develop four heterogeneous neutrophil subsets in blood (mature, immature, progenitor, and suppressive neutrophils), each with distinct activation states...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107934/tuning-sensitivity-of-a-simple-hydrazone-for-selective-fluorescent-turn-on-chemo-sensing-of-al-3-and-its-application-in-living-cells-imaging
#3
Faiz-Ur Rahman, Amjad Ali, Saira Khan Khalil, Rong Guo, Peng Zhang, Hui Wang, Zhan-Ting Li, Dan-Wei Zhang
Salicylaldehyde based hydrazones 2-((2-methyl-2-(pyridin-2-yl)hydrazono)methyl)phenol (SMPH), 4-methyl-2-((2-methyl-2-(pyridin-2-yl)hydrazono)methyl)phenol (MSMPH) and 4-fluoro-2-((2-methyl-2-(pyridin-2-yl)hydrazono)methyl)phenol (FSMPH) were prepared and structurally characterized. These hydrazones exhibited fluorescence "turn on" response toward Al(3+) in dimethyl formamide/water (DMF/H2O) (1: 1) mixture. SMPH showed enhanced emission (70 folds) as compared to MSMPH (46 folds) and FSMPH (28 folds) upon the addition of 3 equivalents of Al(3+)...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107873/situation-analysis-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-an-endemic-area-south-of-iran
#4
Mansour Nazari, Saman Nazari, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Ali Najafi, Sasan Nazari
OBJECTIVE: To update current situation of the cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Kazerun County, southwest of Iran and to analyse the epidemiological aspects of the disease during 2005-2015. METHODS: Data on CL were obtained from the Health Center of Kazerun County, and then were analysed and mapped using SPSS and Arc GIS 10.3. RESULTS: A total of 700 cases of CL were recorded during the study period with an overall decreasing trend from 2005 to 2015...
January 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107380/novel-tools-in-determining-the-physiological-demands-and-nutritional-practices-of-ontario-firerangers-during-fire-deployments
#5
A H Robertson, C Larivière, C R Leduc, Z McGillis, T Eger, A Godwin, M Larivière, S C Dorman
INTRODUCTION: The seasonal profession of wildland fire fighting in Canada requires individuals to work in harsh environmental conditions that are physically demanding. The purpose of this study was to use novel technologies to evaluate the physiological demands and nutritional practices of Canadian FireRangers during fire deployments. METHODS: Participants (n = 21) from a northern Ontario Fire Base volunteered for this study and data collection occurred during the 2014 fire season and included Initial Attack (IA), Project Fire (P), and Fire Base (B) deployments...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107266/early-fluid-overload-prolongs-mechanical-ventilation-in-children-with-viral-lower-respiratory-tract-disease
#6
Sarah A Ingelse, Hanke M G Wiegers, Job C Calis, Job B van Woensel, Reinout A Bem
OBJECTIVES: Viral-lower respiratory tract disease is common in young children worldwide and is associated with high morbidity. Acute respiratory failure due to viral-lower respiratory tract disease necessitates PICU admission for mechanical ventilation. In critically ill patients in PICU settings, early fluid overload is common and associated with adverse outcomes such as prolonged mechanical ventilation and increased mortality. It is unclear, however, if this also applies to young children with viral-lower respiratory tract disease induced acute respiratory failure...
January 19, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104694/patient-perceptions-of-continuity-of-health-care-and-associated-factors-cross-sectional-study-in-municipalities-of-central-colombia-and-north-eastern-brazil
#7
Ingrid Vargas, Irene Garcia-Subirats, Amparo Susana Mogollón-Pérez, Pierre De Paepe, Maria Rejane Ferreira da Silva, Jean-Pierre Unger, M B Aller, María Luisa Vázquez
Despite the fragmentation of healthcare provision being considered one of the main obstacles to attaining effective health care in Latin America, very little is known about patients' perceptions. This paper analyses the level of continuity of health care perceived by users and explores influencing factors in two municipalities of Colombia and Brazil, by means of a cross-sectional study based on a survey of a multistage probability sample of people who had suffered at least one health problem within the previous three months (2163 in Colombia; 2167 in Brazil)...
January 18, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103939/physician-migration-at-its-roots-a-study-on-the-emigration-preferences-and-plans-among-medical-students-in-romania
#8
Şoimita Mihaela Suciu, Codruta Alina Popescu, Mugur Daniel Ciumageanu, Anca Dana Buzoianu
BACKGROUND: Migration of healthcare workers is receiving increased attention worldwide. In Europe, the creation of a border-free labor market and its expansion with the EU enlargements of 2004, 2007, and 2013 endowed health professionals with the right to provide services and to relocate to another EU Member State. For the Romanian doctors, the EU-wide recognition of the medical degree obtained in Romania has created new opportunities, while inadequate working conditions and relatively low salaries pushed many of them to search for employment abroad...
January 19, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103858/the-personal-and-workplace-characteristics-of-uninsured-expatriate-males-in-saudi-arabia
#9
Abdulwahab Alkhamis, Peter Cosgrove, Gamal Mohamed, Amir Hassan
BACKGROUND: A major concern by the health decision makers in Gulf Cooperative Council (GCC) countries is the burden of financing healthcare. While other GCC countries have been examining different options, Saudi Arabia has endeavoured to reform its private healthcare system and control expatriate access to government resources through the provision of Compulsory Employment-Based Health Insurance (CEBHI). The objective of this research was to investigate, in a natural setting, the characteristics of uninsured expatriates based on their personal and workplace characteristics...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103737/a-multidimensional-approach-to-performance-prediction-in-olympic-distance-cross-country-mountain-bikers
#10
Andrew R Novak, Kyle J M Bennett, Job Fransen, Ben J Dascombe
This study adopted a multidimensional approach to performance prediction within Olympic distance cross-country mountain biking (XCO-MTB). Twelve competitive XCO-MTB cyclists (VO2max 60.8 ± 6.7 ml · kg(-1)( )· min(-1)) completed an incremental cycling test, maximal hand grip strength test, cycling power profile (maximal efforts lasting 6-600 s), decision-making test and an individual XCO-MTB time-trial (34.25 km). A hierarchical approach using multiple linear regression analyses was used to develop predictive models of performance across 10 circuit subsections and the total time-trial...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102544/nursing-perceptions-of-patient-safety-climate-in-the-gaza-strip-palestine
#11
A Elsous, A Akbari Sari, Y AlJeesh, M Radwan
AIMS: This study was undertaken to assess the perception of nurses about patient safety culture and to test whether it is significantly affected by the nurses' position, age, experience and working hours. BACKGROUND: Patient safety has sparked the interest of healthcare mangers, yet there is limited knowledge about the current patient safety culture among nurses in the Gaza Strip. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study, administering the Arabic Safety Attitude Questionnaire (Short Form 2006) to 210 nurses in four public general hospitals...
January 19, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101261/external-and-internal-barriers-to-studying-can-affect-student-success-and-retention-in-a-diverse-classroom
#12
Laurence Clement
Although a majority of under-represented minority (URM) students begin their postsecondary education at community colleges, little is known about barriers to success and retention for transfer-bound science students. This study focuses on some of the barriers that affect these students' ability to study adequately for a community college "gateway" course. It tests whether instructors' expectations of study time were realistic for community college students and whether students reported facing external barriers, such as job and family responsibilities, or internal barriers to studying, such as lack of motivational, cognitive, and metacognitive abilities, all of which have been shown to impact academic success and retention...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101115/marital-satisfaction-and-its-influencing-factors-in-fertile-and-infertile-women
#13
Mohammad Amiri, Zakieh Sadeqi, Mohammad Hassan Hoseinpoor, Ahmad Khosravi
Objective: To determine marital satisfaction and its influencing factors among fertile and infertile women in Shahroud. Materials and methods: In this comparative study, 1528 participants (511 infertile and1017 fertile women) were evaluated using Enrich Marital Satisfaction Scale. Data were analyzed using chi-square and t-test. Results: A total of 1402 participants (78.7%) had high marital satisfaction. The results show that no significant differences exist between marital satisfaction, marital communication, conflict resolution and idealistic distortion in fertile and infertile women...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100087/a-uhf-rfid-positioning-system-for-use-in-warehouse-navigation-by-employees-with-cognitive-disability
#14
Eric J M Gunther, Levin J Sliker, Cathy Bodine
Unemployment among the almost 5 million working-age adults with cognitive disabilities in the USA is a costly problem in both tax dollars and quality of life. Job coaching is an effective tool to overcome this, but the cost of job coaching services sums with every new employee or change of employment roles. There is a need for a cost-effective, automated alternative to job coaching that incurs a one-time cost and can be reused for multiple employees or roles. An effective automated job coach must be aware of its location and the location of destinations within the job site...
January 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099676/development-of-nurses-professional-competence-early-in-their-career-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Olivia Numminen, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Hannu Isoaho, Riitta Meretoja
BACKGROUND: Research on newly graduated nurses' competence development and associated factors is relatively scarce. METHOD: Data for this longitudinal, descriptive, correlation study were collected during 2012-2014 from 318 Finnish nurses to explore their competence development during the first 3 years after graduation and to estimate the extent to which given work-related factors predicted change in competence. Data were analyzed using NCSS 10 statistical software...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099538/psoriasis-treatment-considerations-in-military-patients-unique-patients-unique-drugs
#16
Thomas Evans, Nathan Davidson, Nicholas Logemann
Psoriasis is a common dermatologic problem with a chronic and sometimes debilitating course. Psoriasis can impair a service member's ability to perform job-related activities and should certainly be treated; however, use of immunosuppressive treatments can prevent deployment to strategic locations around the world for numerous reasons, such as the need for laboratory monitoring, minimal access to climate-controlled storage, and potential increased risk of exposure to virulent pathogens while on these medications...
December 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098808/infectious-bursal-disease-virus-host-interactions-multifunctional-viral-proteins-that-perform-multiple-and-differing-jobs
#17
REVIEW
Yao Qin, Shijun J Zheng
Infectious bursal disease (IBD) is an acute, highly contagious and immunosuppressive poultry disease caused by IBD virus (IBDV). The consequent immunosuppression increases susceptibility to other infectious diseases and the risk of subsequent vaccination failure as well. Since the genome of IBDV is relatively small, it has a limited number of proteins inhibiting the cellular antiviral responses and acting as destroyers to the host defense system. Thus, these virulence factors must be multifunctional in order to complete the viral replication cycle in a host cell...
January 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098718/double-exposure-to-adverse-psychosocial-work-factors-and-high-family-responsibilities-as-related-to-ambulatory-blood-pressure-at-work-a-5-year-prospective-study-in-women-with-white-collar-jobs
#18
Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Chantal Brisson, Alain Milot, Michel Vézina
OBJECTIVE: Accumulating evidence shows that psychosocial work factors of the demand-control and effort-reward imbalance models may contribute to increase blood pressure (BP). Women are more likely to be exposed to these psychosocial factors than men. Moreover, women spend twice as much time per week performing family responsibilities than men. This study aims to evaluate the longitudinal association of the double exposure to psychosocial work factors and high family responsibilities in women with BP over a 5-year follow-up...
January 17, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098161/modelling-of-occupational-exposure-to-inhalable-nickel-compounds
#19
Benjamin Kendzia, Beate Pesch, Dorothea Koppisch, Rainer Van Gelder, Katrin Pitzke, Wolfgang Zschiesche, Thomas Behrens, Tobias Weiss, Jack Siemiatycki, Jerome Lavoué, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Roger Stamm, Thomas Brüning
The aim of this study was to estimate average occupational exposure to inhalable nickel (Ni) using the German exposure database MEGA. This database contains 8052 personal measurements of Ni collected between 1990 and 2009 in adjunct with information on the measurement and workplace conditions. The median of all Ni concentrations was 9 μg/m(3) and the 95th percentile was 460 μg/m(3). We predicted geometric means (GMs) for welders and other occupations centered to 1999. Exposure to Ni in welders is strongly influenced by the welding process applied and the Ni content of the used welding materials...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097984/grow-your-own-career
#20
Caroline Shuldham
I recently read an advertisement with the headline 'Goodbye job, hello career'. Although it was for an accountancy course, the same message could easily apply to nursing.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
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