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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303471/effect-of-acidity-of-in-office-bleaching-gels-on-tooth-sensitivity-and-whitening-a-two-center-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
A D Loguercio, F Servat, R Stanislawczuk, A Mena-Serrano, M Rezende, M V Prieto, V Cereño, M F Rojas, K Ortega, E Fernandez, A Reis
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to compare the tooth sensitivity (TS) and bleaching efficacy of two hydrogen peroxide gels with different pHs (acid pH [Pola Office, SDI] and the neutral pH [Pola Office+, SDI]) used for in-office bleaching. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-four patients from Brazil and Chile, with right superior incisor darker than A2, were selected for this double-blind, split-mouth randomized trial. Teeth were bleached in two sessions, with 1-week interval...
March 17, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293261/determination-of-ten-corticosteroids-in-illegal-cosmetic-products-by-a-simple-rapid-and-high-performance-lc-ms-ms-method
#2
Vita Giaccone, Giuseppe Polizzotto, Andrea Macaluso, Gaetano Cammilleri, Vincenzo Ferrantelli
The aim of our present work was the development of a rapid high-performance liquid chromatography method with electrospray ionization and tandem mass spectrometry detection (LC-ESI-MS/MS) for the determination of several corticosteroids in cosmetic products. Corticosteroids are suspected to be illegally added in cosmetic preparations in order to enhance the curative effect against some skin diseases. Sample preparation step consists in a single extraction with acetonitrile followed by centrifugation and filtration...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289461/the-adaptation-and-implementation-of-guidelines-for-responsible-media-reporting-on-suicide-in-slovenia
#3
Saška Roškar, Alenka Tančič Grum, Vita Poštuvan, Anja Podlesek, Diego De Leo
INTRODUCTION: The existing literature provides evidence of the link between media reporting and suicide in terms of either preventive or provocative effects. Hence, working with media representatives on responsible reporting on suicide is of great importance. Until recently in Slovenia, there has been an obvious lack of communication between media representatives and suicidologists. The aims of the present study were twofold; firstly, to introduce the adaptation and dissemination of intervention on responsible media reporting, and secondly, to evaluate the effectiveness of the implemented intervention on suicide reporting...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288691/immunological-diagnosis-as-an-adjunctive-tool-for-an-early-diagnosis-of-tuberculous-meningitis-of-an-immune-competent-child-in-a-low-tuberculosis-endemic-country-a-case-report
#4
Serena Vita, Camilla Ajassa, Emanuela Caraffa, Miriam Lichtner, Claudia Mascia, Fabio Mengoni, Maria Grazia Paglia, Cristina Mancarella, Davide Colistra, Claudio Di Biasi, Rosa Maria Ciardi, Claudio Maria Mastroianni, Vincenzo Vullo
BACKGROUND: Pediatric tuberculous meningitis is a highly morbid, often fatal disease. Its prompt diagnosis and treatment saves lives, in fact delays in the initiation of therapy have been associated with high mortality rates. CASE PRESENTATION: This is a case of an Italian child who was diagnosed with tuberculous meningitis after a history of a month of headache, fatigue and weight loss. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed a lymphocytic pleocytosis with predominance and decreased glucose concentration...
March 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284432/the-seven-attributes-of-the-academic-surgeon-critical-aspects-of-the-archetype-and-contributions-to-the-surgical-community
#5
Todd K Rosengart, Meredith C Mason, Scott A LeMaire, Mary L Brandt, Joseph S Coselli, Steven A Curley, Kenneth L Mattox, Joseph L Mills, David J Sugarbaker, David A Berger
BACKGROUND: "Academic surgeon" describes a member of a medical school department of surgery, but this term does not fully define the important role of such physician-scientists in advancing surgical science through translational research and innovation. METHODS: The curriculum vitae and self-descriptive vignettes of the records of achievement of seven surgeons possessing documented records of academic leadership, innovation, and dissemination of knowledge were reviewed...
February 20, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283176/usefulness-of-the-prenatal-echocardiogram-in-fetuses-with-isolated-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-to-predict-the-need-for-balloon-atrial-septostomy
#6
Trisha V Vigneswaran, Vita Zidere, Owen I Miller, John M Simpson, Gurleen K Sharland
The outcome of the arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is excellent, but there is still associated preoperative mortality. Hypoxemia due to inadequate mixing of the pulmonary and systemic circulations may be implicated. Prediction of early hypoxemia by prenatal echocardiographic criteria has proved difficult. We aimed to identify prenatal echocardiographic features that may predict the need for emergency balloon atrial septostomy (BAS) in isolated TGA. Third trimester fetal echocardiograms of the last 40 cases of isolated TGA were reviewed without knowledge of the postnatal outcome...
February 9, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281461/type-i-interferon-signature-may-influence-the-effect-of-belimumab-on-immunoglobulin-levels-including-rheumatoid-factor-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#7
Luca Quartuccio, Clio P Mavragani, Adrianos Nezos, Saviana Gandolfo, Athanasios G Tzioufas, Salvatore De Vita
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March 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277834/predictive-biomarkers-along-gastric-cancer-pathogenetic-pathways
#8
Iacopo Panarese, Fernando De Vita, Andrea Ronchi, Marco Romano, Roberto Alfano, Natale Di Martino, Federica Zito Marino, Francesca Ferraraccio, Renato Franco
Gastric cancer is the second leading cause of cancer all over the world. Unfortunately, several gastric cancers are diagnosed in an advanced stage and chemotherapy and/or target therapies medical treatment remain the only options to treat patients. Areas Covered: Herein we evaluate the new molecular proposal of gastric cancer classification, offering the possibility to recognize different pathogenetic mechanisms and molecular biomarkers potentially useful for target therapies. Expert commentary: The possibility of introducing new specific tests for identification of molecular biomarkers critical for targeted therapies response represents the new frontier in the selection of gastric cancer patients to improve their survival...
March 1, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275281/influence-of-light-conditions-and-light-sources-on-clinical-measurement-of-natural-teeth-color-using-vita-easyshade-advance-4-0-%C3%A2-spectrophotometer-pilot-study
#9
Ivona Posavec, Vladimir Prpić, Dubravka Knezović Zlatarić
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare lightness (L), chroma (C) and hue (h), green-red (a) and blue-yellow (b) character of the color of maxillary right central incisors in different light conditions and light sources. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two examiners who were well trained in digital color evaluation participated in the research. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) were used to analyze intra- and interobserver reliability. The LCh and L*a*b* values were determined at 08...
December 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274364/squamous-cell-carcinoma-arising-in-long-standing-hidradenitis-suppurativa-an-overlooked-facet-of-the-immunocompromised-district
#10
Gabriella Fabbrocini, Eleonora Ruocco, Valerio De Vita, Giuseppe Monfrecola
The list of comorbidities and complications associated with hidradenitis suppurativa is extensive. Among the complications of hidradenitis suppurativa, squamous cell carcinoma is considered the most severe. After a meticulous literature research starting from the 1950s, we were able to identify over 90 cases of patients with hidradenitis suppurativa developing squamous cell carcinoma. Most squamous cell carcinomas appear on the perineal or buttock areas. We believe that the development of squamous cell carcinoma in longstanding hidradenitis suppurativa is a typical condition of an immunocompromised district...
March 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270932/the-krescent-program-2005-2015-an-evaluation-of-the-state-of-kidney-research-training-in-canada
#11
Kevin D Burns, Adeera Levin, Elisabeth Fowler, Leah Butcher, Marc Turcotte, Mary-Jo Makarchuk, Benoît Macaluso, Vincent Larivière, Philip M Sherman
BACKGROUND: The Kidney Research Scientist Core Education and National Training (KRESCENT) Program was launched in 2005 to enhance kidney research capacity in Canada and foster knowledge translation across the 4 themes of health research. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of KRESCENT on its major objectives and on the careers of trainees after its first 10 years. METHODS: An online survey of trainees (n = 53) who had completed or were enrolled in KRESCENT was conducted in 2015...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267817/evaluation-of-currently-available-cad-cam-denture-systems
#12
Patricia-Anca Steinmassl, Florian Klaunzer, Otto Steinmassl, Herbert Dumfahrt, Ingrid Grunert
PURPOSE: The introduction of computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture (CAD/CAM) technology into removable denture prosthodontics enables denture adaptation in fewer patient visits, an advantage that appeals to dentists and patients. Since manufacturers follow very different approaches, an evaluation of the different clinical CAD/CAM complete denture fabrication protocols is desirable. The aim of this article is to assess and evaluate the different clinical fabrication protocols of currently available CAD/CAM denture systems to provide decision support for dental practitioners...
March 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267605/chairmen-in-academic-urologic-practice-a-descriptive-analysis
#13
Nicholas J Farber, Brian J Friel, Young S Kwon, Andrew Cruz, Sammy E Elsamra
OBJECTIVE: To examine and characterize the demographics and scholarly characteristics of academic urology chairmen at the time of appointment. METHODS: The chairman of each United States urology residency program as of September 2016 was included in the study. Interim chairmen, as well as programs for which no clearly defined chair could be identified, were excluded. Demographic and academic data were collected via publically available curriculum vitae, departmental websites, Google search engine, and PubMed and Scopus websites...
March 3, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266120/prevention-and-control-of-dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases-at-individual-and-population-level-consensus-report-of-group-3-of-joint-efp-orca-workshop-on-the-boundaries-between-caries-and-periodontal-diseases
#14
Søren Jepsen, Juan Blanco, Wolfgang Buchalla, Joana C Carvalho, Thomas Dietrich, Christof Dörfer, Kenneth A Eaton, Elena Figuero, Jo E Frencken, Filippo Graziani, Susan M Higham, Thomas Kocher, Marisa Maltz, Alberto Ortiz-Vigon, Julian Schmoeckel, Anton Sculean, Livia M A Tenuta, Monique H van der Veen, Vita Machiulskiene
BACKGROUND: The non-communicable diseases dental caries and periodontal diseases pose an enormous burden on mankind. The dental biofilm is a major biological determinant common to the development of both diseases, and they share common risk factors and social determinants, important for their prevention and control. The remit of this working group was to review the current state of knowledge on epidemiology, socio-behavioural aspects as well as plaque control with regard to dental caries and periodontal diseases...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265772/in-vivo-study-for-tooth-colour-determination-visual-versus-digital
#15
Jan Brandt, Shirley Nelson, Hans-Christoph Lauer, Ulrike von Hehn, Silvia Brandt
OBJECTIVES: Tooth colour determination is an essential component in the preservative and prosthetic workflow during production of tooth-coloured restorations. The aim of the study was to compare the clinical suitability of conventional, visual tooth colour determination and digital methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tooth colour of vital, natural central incisors among a total of 107 subjects was determined visually by a dentist (VD) and dental technician (VDT) using VITA Toothguide 3D-MASTER®, digitally by the spectrophotometer VITA Easyshade Advance 4...
March 6, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262469/diagnosis-of-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-in-italy-in-the-last-decade-critical-issues-and-areas-for-improvements
#16
Adele D'Amico, Michela Catteruccia, Giovanni Baranello, Luisa Politano, Alessandra Govoni, Stefano Carlo Previtali, Marika Pane, Maria Grazia D'Angelo, Claudio Bruno, Sonia Messina, Federica Ricci, Elena Pegoraro, Antonella Pini, Angela Berardinelli, Ksenjia Gorni, Roberta Battini, Gianluca Vita, Federica Trucco, Marianna Scutifero, Roberta Petillo, Paola D'Ambrosio, Anna Ardissone, Barbara Pasanisi, Giuseppe Vita, Tiziana Mongini, Maurizio Moggio, Giacomo Pietro Comi, Eugenio Mercuri, Enrico Bertini
Despite all the advances in diagnosis and management of Duchenne muscular dystrophy over the past 50 years, the average age at diagnosis in most countries in the world around is still around 4-5 years. This retrospective study investigates the age at diagnosis in Italy in the past 10 years. We report findings from 384 boys who were diagnosed with DMD from 2005 to 2014. The mean age at first medical contact, which raised the suspicion of DMD, was 31 months. The mean age at diagnosis was 41 months. The finding that more frequently brought to suspect a DMD was the incidental finding of consistent elevated creatine kinase serum level detected during routine assessments in children undergoing general anesthesia or with intercurrent illness...
February 14, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260930/update-on-the-role-of-trabectedin-in-the-treatment-of-intractable-soft-tissue-sarcomas
#17
REVIEW
Federica Recine, Alberto Bongiovanni, Nada Riva, Valentina Fausti, Alessandro De Vita, Laura Mercatali, Chiara Liverani, Giacomo Miserocchi, Dino Amadori, Toni Ibrahim
Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) represent a variety of tumors of mesenchymal origin, accounting for about 1% of all adult cancers. This group of tumors comprises over 60 different histotypes with different biology showing different sensitivity to therapeutic agents. For decades, the standard first-line systemic treatment of metastatic STS has comprised anthracycline based-chemotherapy. Second-line therapy options include agents such as ifosfamide, gemcitabine, and pazopanib, but the optimal sequential therapy for the management of metastatic disease has yet to be defined...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257785/smoking-behaviors-and-intentions-among-current-e-cigarette-users-cigarette-smokers-and-dual-users-a-national-survey-of-u-s-high-school-seniors
#18
Sean Esteban McCabe, Phil Veliz, Vita V McCabe, Carol J Boyd
E-cigarette use among adolescents has increased significantly in recent years, but it remains unclear whether cigarette smoking behaviors and intentions for future cigarette smoking differ among current (i.e., 30-day) non-users, only e-cigarette users, only cigarette smokers, and dual users. A nationally representative sample of 4385 U.S. high school seniors were surveyed during the spring of their senior year via self-administered questionnaires in 2014. An estimated 9.6% of U.S. high school seniors reported current e-cigarette use only, 6...
March 1, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257640/risk-factors-for-candida-parapsilosis-bloodstream-infection-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-case-control-study
#19
Carmine Garzillo, Maria Bagattini, Lidija Bogdanović, Anna Di Popolo, Vita Dora Iula, Maria Rosaria Catania, Francesco Raimondi, Maria Triassi, Raffaele Zarrilli
BACKGROUND: Candida parapsilosis is increasingly responsible for invasive candidiasis in neonates. This study investigates phenotypic and genotypic features of C. parapsilosis microbial isolates and underlying clinical conditions associated with acquisition of C. parapsilosis in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in Italy. METHODS: Identification of C. parapsilosis was performed by VITEK® 2 and MALDI TOF and confirmed by analysis of internal transcribed spacer ribosomal DNA sequences...
January 19, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249344/psychotropic-drug-use-in-recreational-scuba-divers-and-its-effect-on-severe-narcosis
#20
Thierry Krummel, Alicia Thiery, Marion Villain, Bernard Schittly, Benoit Brouant
Recreational scuba diving is no longer reserved for young healthy individuals, and as a result, medical drug consumption is on the rise in the diving population. Due to the possible potentiation of nitrogen narcosis by psychotropic drugs, the latter are hence discouraged and are subject to contraindications for practice. However, there are no available experimental data to support this theoretical assumption. The objective of this study is to investigate whether psychotropic drug users are more at risk of severe narcosis...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
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