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Hossam Mansour, Hassan El Labban, Ramadan Ghaleb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
Javier García-Montesinos, Francisco J Muñoz-Negrete, Victoria de Juan, Gema Rebolleda
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe morphological changes in lamina cribrosa (LC), prelaminar tissue thickness (PTT) and Bruch's membrane opening (BMO) in eyes affected by papilledema and correlate them with trans-LC-pressure difference (TLCD). METHODS: This was a prospective study, including twelve eyes newly diagnosed of papilledema. Eyes underwent scanning with Spectralis-OCT with enhanced depth imaging to compare BMO, anterior LC surface position (LC depth-LCD-) and PTT before and after oedema resolution...
April 8, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Andrew J Feola, Baptiste Coudrillier, John Mulvihill, Diogo M Geraldes, Nghia T Vo, Julie Albon, Richard L Abel, Brian C Samuels, C Ross Ethier
Purpose: Cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFp) changes are involved or implicated in various ocular conditions including glaucoma, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, and visual impairment and intracranial pressure syndrome. However, little is known about the effects of CSFp on lamina cribrosa and retrolaminar neural tissue (RLNT) biomechanics, potentially important in these conditions. Our goal was to use an experimental approach to visualize and quantify the deformation of these tissues as CSFp increased...
April 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Hongli Yang, Juan Reynaud, Howard Lockwood, Galen Williams, Christy Hardin, Luke Reyes, Cheri Stowell, Stuart K Gardiner, Claude F Burgoyne
In a series of previous publications we have proposed a framework for conceptualizing the optic nerve head (ONH) as a biomechanical structure. That framework proposes important roles for intraocular pressure (IOP), IOP-related stress and strain, cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFp), systemic and ocular determinants of blood flow, inflammation, auto-immunity, genetics, and other non-IOP related risk factors in the physiology of ONH aging and the pathophysiology of glaucomatous damage to the ONH. The present report summarizes 20 years of technique development and study results pertinent to the characterization of ONH connective tissue deformation and remodeling in the unilateral monkey experimental glaucoma (EG) model...
March 12, 2017: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research
David Fleischman, Jennifer T Perry, R Rand Allingham, Sandra S Stinnett, Gita M Fleischman, Syndee J Givre, David A Chesnutt
OBJECTIVE: Some case reports suggest that the translaminar pressure difference is important in cases of papilledema. The purpose of this study was to determine ocular, physiologic, and demographic factors associated with papilledema severity. DESIGN: Retrospective, blinded study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who had undergone a diagnostic lumbar puncture and had a diagnosis of papilledema in conjunction with idiopathic intracranial hypertension between 2004 and 2012 were included in the study...
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Cheri Stowell, Claude F Burgoyne, Ernst R Tamm, C Ross Ethier
The biomechanical environment within the optic nerve head (ONH) is complex and is likely directly involved in the loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in glaucoma. Unfortunately, our understanding of this process is poor. Here we describe factors that influence ONH biomechanics, including ONH connective tissue microarchitecture and anatomy; intraocular pressure (IOP); and cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFp). We note that connective tissue factors can vary significantly from one individual to the next, as well as regionally within an eye, and that the understanding of ONH biomechanics is hindered by anatomical differences between small-animal models of glaucoma (rats and mice) and humans...
April 2017: Experimental Eye Research
Tuğba Kemaloğlu Öz, Mehmet Eren, Işıl Atasoy, Tayfun Gürol, Özer Soylu, Bahadır Dağdeviren
The newly developed three dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (3D-STE) technology provides quick and comprehensive quantitative assessment of biventricular myocardial dynamics. The impact of coronary slow flow phenomenon (CSFP) on biventricular functions has not been comprehensively evaluated using this new technology. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of CSFP on biventricular systolic functions using 3D-STE. Forty patients with CSFP and otherwise normal coronary arteries (NCAs) and 40 age- and sex-matched controls with normal coronary angiograms (CAGs) were prospectively enrolled...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Jing Yan Yang, Xuan Yang, Yang Li, Jie Xu, Yong Zhou, An Xin Wang, Xiang Gao, Liang Xu, Shou Ling Wu, Wen Bin Wei, Xing Quan Zhao, Jost B Jonas
PURPOSE: To assess relationships between carotid artery atherosclerosis and retinal arteriolar and venular diameters. METHODS: The community-based longitudinal Asymptomatic Polyvascular Abnormalities Community Study (APAC) included a sub-population of the Kailuan study which consisted of 101,510 employees and retirees of a coal mining industry. Based on the Chinese National Census 2010 and excluding individuals with history of cerebrovascular ischemic events, 4004 individuals were included into the APAC...
2016: PloS One
David Fleischman, Amanda K Bicket, Sandra S Stinnett, John P Berdahl, Jost B Jonas, Ning Li Wang, Michael P Fautsch, R Rand Allingham
Purpose: To evaluate a frequently used regression model and a new, modified regression model to estimate cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP). Methods: Datasets from the Beijing iCOP study from Tongren Hospital, Beijing, China, and the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, were tested in this retrospective, case-control study. An often-used regression model derived from the Beijing iCOP dataset, but without radiographic data, was used to predict CSFP by using demographic and physiologic data...
October 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Ali Hosseinsabet, Shima Yarmohamadi, Sima Narimani, Nazanin Amini-Farshidmehr
OBJECTIVE: Coronary slow-flow phenomenon (CSFP) is described as protracted passage of angiographic contrast agent to the distal portion of the epicardial coronary arteries in the absence of stenosis. Few studies have addressed the effects of this condition on right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. The present objective was to assess RV function in CSFP via 2-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2DSTE). METHODS: A total of 29 patients with CSFP and 29 participants with normal coronary flow were compared regarding RV systolic and diastolic functions...
September 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Lan Li, Cairui Li, Hua Zhong, Yijin Tao, Yuansheng Yuan, Chen-Wei Pan
PURPOSE: We aim to assess the longitudinal association between baseline estimated cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP) and 5-year incident primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) in a population-based sample of Bai Chinese living in rural China. METHODS: Among the 2133 Bai Chinese aged 50 years or older who had participated in the baseline examination of the Yunnan Minority Eye Study, 1520 (71.3%) attended the follow-up examination after five years and 1485 were at risk of developing POAG...
2016: PloS One
William H Morgan, Martin L Hazelton, Dao-Yi Yu
Retinal vein pulsation was first noted soon after the invention of the ophthalmoscope 170 years ago and was seen to change with cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP) variation in the 1920s. The classical explanation for vein pulsation was that the cardiac cycle induced systolic peak in intraocular pressure (IOP) tended to intermittently collapse the retinal vein close to its exit in the central optic disk, causing pulsation to be counter-phase to IOP. Recently, improved ophthalmodynamometry and video recording techniques have allowed us to explore the fundamentals of retinal vein pulsation...
November 2016: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research
Samad Ghaffari, Arezou Tajlil, Naser Aslanabadi, Ahmad Separham, Bahram Sohrabi, Gholamreza Saeidi, Leili Pourafkari
BACKGROUND: The coronary slow-flow phenomenon (CSFP) is a multifactorial angiographic finding with no established pathogenesis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of clinical profile and laboratory findings in patients with CSFP. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 69 patients with angiographically diagnosed CSFP and compared them with 88 patients with normal coronary flow. Demographic information, comorbidities and laboratory analysis, including complete blood count with differential, lipid profile and serum biochemical analysis, were documented and compared in univariate and multivariate analyses...
January 2017: Perfusion
Uttio Roy Chowdhury, Michael P Fautsch
Retrospective and prospective studies looking at the role of cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP)/intracranial pressure (ICP) have stimulated new theories and hypotheses regarding the underlying causal events for glaucoma. Most recently, studies supporting a low CSFP/ICP as a risk factor for glaucoma have been published. This review summarizes the current understanding of CSFP/ICP and its potential role in the pathogenicity of the disease.
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
Imran H Yusuf, Gokularaj Ratnarajan, Richard S Kerr, John F Salmon
INTRODUCTION: The evidence for low cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP) as a key parameter in the pathogenesis of glaucoma is increasing. Primate models have demonstrated the onset normal tension glaucoma (NTG) from experimentally induced chronic intrathecal hypotension; an approach not possible in human subjects. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27-year-old man presented with a central scotoma in his left eye. He had undergone 8 CSF shunt revision procedures over a 25-year period secondary to recurrent low CSFP following surgical excision of a pinealoblastoma, aged 2...
August 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Peter Lukas Haldenwang, Lorine Häuser, Nora Prochnow, Damian Ziebura, Andreas Baumann, Magdalena Sikole, Marcus Schlömicher, Inge Schmitz, Hildegard Christ, Justus Thomas Strauch
OBJECTIVES: The frozen elephant trunk (FET) procedure using isolated selective cerebral perfusion (SCP) at moderate hypothermia is associated with an increased risk for spinal cord ischaemia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit of a combined selective cerebral and low-flow lower body perfusion (CLBP) in a porcine model. METHODS: Twenty pigs (46 ± 5 kg) were cooled on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) to 28°C. After aortic clamping and occlusion of the thoracic segmental arteries (TSAT4-T13), a pressure-controlled SCP (50 mmHg) was established for 90 min...
November 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Yonghuai Wang, Chunyan Ma, Yan Zhang, Zhengyu Guan, Shuang Liu, Yuling Li, Jun Yang
PURPOSE: Coronary slow-flow phenomenon (CSFP) is an angiographic diagnosis characterized by delayed coronary opacification in the absence of significant epicardial coronary stenosis. We previously reported impaired left ventricular (LV) function in patients with CSFP. However, the LV wall comprises three myocardial layers whose contractility can be differently affected. Therefore, we evaluated layer-specific (endocardial, mid-myocardial, and epicardial) LV myocardial contractility and assessed its relationships with the number of affected coronary arteries and their flow...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
David N Levine, Hans Bebie
The constant inflow and variable outflow (CIVO) theory correctly predicts that spontaneous pulsation of the retinal veins will be visible close to the point where the vein exits the eye at the lamina cribrosa but will decrease rapidly in amplitude and become too small to see only a short distance upstream. However, the phase of vein oscillation relative to the oscillation of the intraocular pressure (IOP) predicted by CIVO has been unclear and controversial. We show that the CIVO model is indeterminate in predicting such phase relations...
July 2016: Microvascular Research
Yijia Li, Fang Fang, Ning Ma, Rongjuan Li, Qiwei Sun, Jiao Yang, Shaoping Nie, Cheuk-Man Yu, Ya Yang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess echocardiography parameters in CSFP evaluation. METHODS: This study enrolled 79 consecutive patients with CSFP validated by coronary angiography and control individuals with normal coronary flow. Coronary flow rates were determined by corrected CTFC. Clinical and coronary angiography data and coronary parameters assessed by echocardiography using the CFI were recorded. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics were similar between the two groups...
May 2016: Microcirculation: the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
Ilker Murat Caglar, Cem Ozde, Ismail Biyik, Fatma Nihan Turhan Caglar, Ibrahim Faruk Akturk, Murat Ugurlucan, Osman Karakaya
INTRODUCTION: The coronary slow flow phenomenon (CSFP) has been associated with myocardial ischemia, myocardial infarction, life-threatening arrhythmias, sudden cardiac death and increased cardiovascular mortality similar to coronary artery disease (CAD). Possible underlying mechanisms of CSFP are endothelial dysfunction, chronic inflammation, microvascular dysfunction and diffuse atherosclerosis. Soluble lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (sLOX-1) seems to play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis...
February 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
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