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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434506/jean-andr%C3%A3-rochoux-1787-1852-a-physician-philosopher-at-the-dawn-of-vascular-neurology
#1
REVIEW
O Walusinski
Jean-André Rochoux (1787-1852) can be considered the author, in 1812, of the first clinical and neuropathological description of cerebral hemorrhage and ischemia, based on concepts that underlie current vascular neurology. His biography reveals how his thinking was shaped by materialist philosophy, which was also the basis of his rigorous scientific reasoning. Due to his intransigent defence of his philosophical ideas and his outspoken anticlericalism, he was often contradicted and had many opponents who were not inclined to perpetuate his memory after his death, despite the high quality of his medical research...
April 20, 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433523/association-of-preresidency-peer-reviewed-publications-with-radiation-oncology-resident-choice-of-academic-versus-private-practice-career
#2
Shearwood McClelland, Charles R Thomas, Lynn D Wilson, Emma B Holliday, Jerry J Jaboin
INTRODUCTION: The decision of radiation oncology residents to pursue academic versus private practice careers plays a central role in shaping the present and future of the field, but factors that are potentially predictive of this decision are lacking. This study was performed to examine the role of several factors publicly available before residency on postresidency career choice, including preresidency peer-reviewed publications (PRPs), which have been associated with resident career choice in comparably competitive subspecialties such as neurosurgery...
April 5, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432252/career-long-support-that-starts-with-new-graduates
#3
Darren Mackintosh
Armed with the knowledge that newly qualified vets want a clinical mentor and surgical support in their first job, Independent Vetcare set up its two-year Graduate Academy. Operations manager Darren Mackintosh describes how it works.
April 22, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431554/a-need-to-accelerate-health-research-productivity-in-an-african-university-the-case-of-makerere-university-college-of-health-sciences
#4
Damalie Nakanjako, Dickens Akena, Dan K Kaye, James Tumwine, Elialilia Okello, Annettee Nakimuli, Andrew Kambugu, Hazel McCullough, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Moses R Kamya, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS) has taken strides in research and training to improve healthcare through collaborative training and research programs. However, there is limited data on the trends of MakCHS faculty contributions to research and on faculty growth to take leading roles in health research. This paper reviews MakCHS faculty research publications over 15.5 years and outlines possible strategies to enhance faculty research outputs...
April 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430775/early-career-investigator-highlight
#5
Adam Frymoyer
Pediatric Research accepted article preview online, 21 April 2017. doi:10.1038/pr.2017.60.
April 21, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428762/gendered-pathways-how-mathematics-ability-beliefs-shape-secondary-and-postsecondary-course-and-degree-field-choices
#6
REVIEW
Lara Perez-Felkner, Samantha Nix, Kirby Thomas
Do mathematics ability beliefs explain gender gaps in the physical science, engineering, mathematics, and computer science fields (PEMC) and other science fields? We leverage U.S. nationally representative longitudinal data to estimate gendered differences in girls' and boys' perceptions of mathematics ability with the most difficult or challenging material. Our analyses examine the potentially interacting effects of gender and these ability beliefs on students' pathways to scientific careers. Specifically, we study how beliefs about ability with challenging mathematics influence girls' and boys' choices to pursue PEMC degrees, evaluating educational milestones over a 6-year period: advanced science course completion in secondary school and postsecondary major retention and selection...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428100/an-overview-of-the-safety-pharmacology-career-of-dr-c-r-hassler
#7
M A Hawk, M K Pugsley, T Vinci, J Wallery, C R Hassler, R L Hamlin
Each year the Safety Pharmacology Society (SPS) recognizes an investigator who has had a marked impact upon the discipline. The 2016 recipient of the SPS Distinguished Service Award (DSA) was Dr. Craig R. Hassler. Dr. Hassler is one of the founding members of the SPS and has been actively engaged in physiological research for over 46years. Dr. Hassler delivered a talk entitled "My 43Years at Battelle Memorial Institute" to meeting attendees. In this article an overview is provided of the illustrious career of Dr...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426748/tails-of-the-travelling-gaussian-model-and-the-relative-age-effect-tales-of-age-discrimination-and-wasted-talent
#8
John R Doyle, Paul A Bottomley, Rob Angell
The Relative Age Effect (RAE) documents the inherent disadvantages of being younger rather than older in an age-banded cohort, typically a school- or competition-year, to the detriment of career-progression, earnings and wellbeing into adulthood. We develop the Tails of the Travelling Gaussian (TTG) to model the mechanisms behind RAE. TTG has notable advantages over existing approaches, which have been largely descriptive, potentially confounded, and non-comparable across contexts. In Study 1, using data from the UK's Millennium Cohort Study, we investigate the different levels of RAE bias across school-level academic subjects and "personality" traits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425614/stigmatization-and-self-determination-of-preregistration-nurses-a-path-analysis
#9
Dana Perlman, Renee Brighton, Chris Patterson, Lorna Moxham, Ellie K Taylor, Susan Sumskis, Tim Heffernan
The concept of stigma and the stigmatizing behaviours of health-care professionals can have a profound influence on people with mental illness. A key construct that has been identified as influencing our behaviours is self-determination. As such, in the present study, we attempted to examine the connection and influence of motivational measures on the stigmatization of preregistration nurses. Data were collected once using three surveys that measured the motivational responses and stigmatizing behaviours of preregistration nurses after an approved mental health clinical placement...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425203/educational-and-career-goal-attainments-in-young-adult-childhood-cancer-survivors
#10
Lisa Bashore, Emma Breyer
PURPOSE: Examine the educational and career outcomes of young adult childhood cancer survivors. DESIGN AND METHODS: Descriptive study design using a survey sent to 336 survivors. Quantitative and qualitative data were analyzed separately. RESULTS: Only 50 completed surveys were returned. Having a central nervous system tumor and radiation were associated with physical impairments. Four themes also emerged: future as medical professionals, dreams fallen short, peer relationships, and positive outlook on life...
April 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425153/nursing-students-preferences-for-clinical-placements-in-the-residential-aged-care-setting
#11
Emma Lea, Annette Marlow, Erika Altmann, Helen Courtney-Pratt
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine nursing student placement preferences submitted as online comments to a university's placement management system, to inform strategies for positive residential aged care experiences. BACKGROUND: There are predicted shortages of nurses to service an ageing population. Clinical placements undertaken by undergraduate nursing students help shape their attitudes and are a key determinant of career decision-making, yet there is little research about why students prefer particular placement areas...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424379/-risk-factors-of-eating-disorders-in-the-narratives-of-fashion-models
#12
Nikolett Bogár, Ferenc Túry
INTRODUCTION: The risk of eating disorders is high in populations who are exposed to slimness ideal, so among fashion models. The present qualitative study evaluates the risk factors of eating disorders in a group of fashion models with semistructured interview. Moreover, the aim of the study was to examine the impact of professional requirements on the health of models. METHODS: The study group was internationally heterogeneous. The models were involved by personal professional relationship...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424027/the-value-of-european-exchange-programs-for-early-career-family-doctors
#13
Bernadeta Bridgwood, Hannah Willoughby, Madeleine Attridge, Eugene Tang
The Hippokrates Exchange programme (HEP) is designed to give early career General Practitioners (Associates in Training (AITs)/First5s) first-hand experience into concepts of a primary healthcare system outside of their host country. The aim is to improve GP knowledge and skills, inspire professional development and promote a global approach to primary care. Although an increasing number are taking up this opportunity, their views and experiences of international exchanges are not well described. The aim of the study was to explore the experiences of AITs/First5s following their HEP exchanges...
April 20, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423471/career-cartography-from-stories-to-science-and-scholarship
#14
Deleise S Wilson, Marie-Anne S Rosemberg, Moira Visovatti, Michelle L Munro-Kramer, Suzanne Feetham
PURPOSE: To present four case scenarios reflecting the process of research career development using career cartography. ORGANIZING CONSTRUCTS: Career cartography is a novel approach that enables nurses, from all clinical and academic settings, to actively engage in a process that maximizes their clinical, teaching, research, and policy contributions that can improve patient outcomes and the health of the public. METHODS: Four early-career nurse researchers applied the career cartography framework to describe their iterative process of research career development...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423215/breaking-down-the-stigma-of-mental-health-nursing-qualitative-study-reflecting-opinions-from-western-australian-nurses
#15
Carole A Harrison, Yvonne Hauck, Rebekah Ashby
INTRODUCTION: A lack of understanding surrounding the role of mental health nursing is associated with recruitment and retention challenges. Additional complexities include stigma related to the role, an ageing workforce and dearth of graduates keen to pursue this career. AIM OF STUDY: This qualitative study focused on opinions and experiences of existing mental health nurses to determine what could be done to entice nurses to choose mental health. METHOD: A cross-sectional design involving a brief interview was conducted with 192 Western Australian nurses from one public mental health service...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422816/why-not-wait-eight-institutions-share-their-experiences-moving-united-states-medical-licensing-examination-step-1-after-core-clinical-clerkships
#16
Michelle Daniel, Amy Fleming, Colleen O'Conner Grochowski, Vicky Harnik, Sibel Klimstra, Gail Morrison, Arnyce Pock, Michael L Schwartz, Sally Santen
The majority of medical students complete the United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 after their foundational sciences; however, there are compelling reasons to examine this practice. This article provides the perspectives of eight MD-granting medical schools that have moved Step 1 after the core clerkships, describing their rationale, logistics of the change, outcomes, and lessons learned. The primary reasons these institutions cite for moving Step 1 after clerkships are to foster more enduring and integrated basic science learning connected to clinical care and to better prepare students for the increasingly clinical focus of Step 1...
April 18, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422531/femoroacetabular-impingement-in-professional-football-players-return-to-play-and-predictors-of-career-length-after-hip-arthroscopy
#17
Travis J Menge, Sanjeev Bhatia, Shannen C McNamara, Karen K Briggs, Marc J Philippon
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown hip arthroscopy to be a highly effective treatment for symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in a wide range of athletes; however, the rate of return to play and length of career after hip arthroscopy in professional football players are unknown. PURPOSE: To determine how many athletes returned to professional football and the number of seasons they played after surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421963/notice-board
#18
(no author information available yet)
Courses, events, grants, and awards to progress your career.
April 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421940/not-a-level-playing-field
#19
(no author information available yet)
Your news story on the 'Nurse First' fast-track course is interesting (news online, 31 March). Superficially, the two-year programme appears to be a good way of recruiting talented and appropriately qualified graduates into a nursing career.
April 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421312/an-annotated-translation-of-no%C3%A3-l-bernard-s-1899-article-on-the-germination-of-neottia-nidus-avis
#20
Marc-André Selosse, Julita Minasiewicz, Bernard Boullard
We translate Noël Bernard's discovery of orchid symbiotic germination discovered on Neottia nidus-avis, as published in the May 1899 issue of the Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences. In his note, Bernard (1874-1911) establishes the need for a fungus, which is also forming mycorrhizae in adults, for seeds germination. We provide illustrations reproduced from his later works, and summaries of the French text he cited. In our annotations, we show how early this discovery was done in Bernard's career, and insist on the scientific framework at the end of the nineteenth century, where orchid germination was mysterious and the need for vicinity of parents was not fully understood...
April 18, 2017: Mycorrhiza
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