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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651395/-analysis-of-dietary-pattern-and-diabetes-mellitus-influencing-factors-identified-by-classification-tree-model-in-adults-of-fujian
#1
F L Yu, Y Ye, Y S Yan
Objective: To find out the dietary patterns and explore the relationship between environmental factors (especially dietary patterns) and diabetes mellitus in the adults of Fujian. Methods: Multi-stage sampling method were used to survey residents aged ≥18 years by questionnaire, physical examination and laboratory detection in 10 disease surveillance points in Fujian. Factor analysis was used to identify the dietary patterns, while logistic regression model was applied to analyze relationship between dietary patterns and diabetes mellitus, and classification tree model was adopted to identify the influencing factors for diabetes mellitus...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650251/managed-care-peer-led-teaching-an-innovative-learning-approach-outside-the-college-of-pharmacy-core-curriculum
#2
SyHui Tang, Julia Smith, Wilson Lau, Isaac Tse, Christine Tan, Ryan Cotten, Amy Pittenger
BACKGROUND: Managed care pharmacy is a growing field, but there are still limited educational opportunities available in pharmacy school core curricula. Students often seek self-directed learning opportunities to further explore the field. OBJECTIVES: To (a) evaluate practicality and effectiveness of a student-designed managed care pharmacy elective and (b) determine emerging best practices for design and sustainability of peer-led, self-directed courses. METHODS: A managed care elective course was designed as a student, peer-led course during the 2012-2013 school year at the University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy...
July 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650237/racing-performance-of-standardbred-trotting-horses-undergoing-surgery-of-the-carpal-flexor-sheath-and-age-and-sex-matched-control-horses
#3
James L Carmalt, Bengt C Johansson, Sandra M Zetterström, Rebecca C McOnie
OBJECTIVE To determine factors affecting race speed in Swedish Standardbred horses undergoing surgery of the carpal flexor sheath (CFS), to investigate whether preoperative racing speed was associated with specific intraoperative findings and whether horses returned to racing, and to compare the performance of horses undergoing surgery of the CFS with that of age- and sex-matched control horses. ANIMALS 149 Swedish Standardbred trotters undergoing surgery of the CFS and 274 age- and sex-matched control horses...
July 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649869/hivr4p-2016-partnering-for-prevention-conference-summary-and-highlights
#4
Barbara L Shacklett, Cynthia A Derdeyn, Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Raphael Landovitz, Colin Anthony, Anna-Janina Behrens, Thomas Hope, Elise Landais, Lorna Leal, Jeanne M Marrazzo, Lynn Morris, Nelly Mugo, Kenneth Ngure, Veronica Noseda, Srinika Ranasinghe, Damien C Tully, Yegor Voronin, Mitchell Warren, Constantinos Kurt Wibmer, Irene Y Xie, Gabriella Scarlatti, Bargavi Thyagarajan
HIV Research for Prevention: AIDS Vaccine, Microbicide and ARV-based Prevention Science (HIVR4P) was built upon a growing consensus that effective HIV prevention requires a combination of approaches and that understanding, analyzing and debating the cross-cutting issues that impact prevention research are all essential to combat the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. To that end, the biennial HIVR4P conference is dedicated to all biomedical HIV prevention research approaches, including HIV vaccines, microbicides, PrEP and treatment as prevention...
June 24, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649457/scholarly-productivity-and-professional-advancement-of-junior-researchers-receiving-kl2-k23-or-k08-awards-at-a-large-public-research-institution
#5
John K Amory, Diana K N Louden, Christy McKinney, Joanne Rich, Stacy Long-Genovese, Mary L Disis
BACKGROUND: How the productivity and careers of KL2 scholars compare with scholars receiving individual K-awards is unknown. METHODS: The productivity of KL2 scholars (n=21) at our institution was compared with that of K08 (n=34) and K23 (n=26) scholars. RESULTS: KL2 and K23 scholars had greater productivity than K08 scholars (p=0.01). Professional advancement was similar among groups. CONCLUSION: At our institution, scholarly productivity and professional advancement did not differ by type of K-award...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649451/organizational-and-training-factors-that-promote-team-science-a-qualitative-analysis-and-application-of-theory-to-the-national-institutes-of-health-s-bircwh-career-development-program
#6
Jeanne-Marie Guise, Susan Winter, Stephen M Fiore, Judith G Regensteiner, Joan Nagel
INTRODUCTION: Research organizations face challenges in creating infrastructures that cultivates and sustains interdisciplinary team science. The objective of this paper is to identify structural elements of organizations and training that promote team science. METHODS: We qualitatively analyzed the National Institutes of Health's Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health, K12 using organizational psychology and team science theories to identify organizational design factors for successful team science and training...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649449/creating-effective-career-development-programs
#7
Doris McGartland Rubio, Georgeanna F W B Robinson, Janice Gabrilove, Emma A Meagher
This paper is the fourth in a 5-part series that focuses on educating and training the clinical and translational science workforce. The goal of this paper is to delineate components of effective career development programs that go beyond didactic training. All academic health centers with a Clinical and Translational Science Award have a KL2 career development award for junior faculty, and many also have a TL1 training program for predoctoral and postdoctoral fellows. The training across these programs varies, however junior investigators across the United States experience similar challenges...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649448/junior-faculty-core-curriculum-to-enhance-faculty-development
#8
Ronnie Guillet, Robert G Holloway, Robert A Gross, Katie Libby, Janine R Shapiro
INTRODUCTION: Senior Instructors and Assistant Professors in their first academic appointment may not have all the tools for an efficient start to their careers. Although many institutions provide access to mentoring programs and seminars on faculty development, the timing and format of the offerings often conflict with ongoing responsibilities of the faculty, particularly clinical faculty. METHODS: We established a collaboration between the Clinical and Translational Science Institute (CTSI) and the University of Rochester Medical Center Office for Faculty Development with the goal of developing a week-long Junior Faculty Core Curriculum that would better suit faculty schedules...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648230/the-psychosocial-development-of-world-class-athletes-additional-considerations-for-understanding-the-whole-person-and-salience-of-adversity
#9
Daniel F Gucciardi
In the target article, Hardy and colleagues provided an incisive analysis of retrospectively reported psychosocial factors associated with the development and careers of 32 former athletes from Olympic sports. They found that Super-Elite athletes ("serial" medal winners at major international championships, i.e., World Championship or Olympic Games) differed from matched Elite performers (won medals at international competitions but not major championships) with regard to several important psychosocial factors (e...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648228/great-british-medalists-psychosocial-biographies-of-super-elite-and-elite-athletes-from-olympic-sports
#10
Lew Hardy, Matthew Barlow, Lynne Evans, Tim Rees, Tim Woodman, Chelsea Warr
Participants were 32 former GB athletes from Olympic sports, 16 Super-Elite athletes who had won multiple medals at major championships, and 16 matched Elite athletes who had not. In-depth interviews with the athletes, their coaches, and one of their parents explored all psychosocial aspects of their development and careers. Content analyses revealed that there were no differences between Super-Elite and Elite athletes with regard to family values, conscientiousness, or commitment to training. However, the two groups were found to be different with regard to: (1) the experience of a foundational negative life event coupled with a foundational positive sport-related event; (2) the experience of a career turning point that enhanced motivation and focus for their sport; (3) need for success; (4) obsessiveness and/or perfectionism with regard to training and performance; (5) ruthlessness and/or selfishness in the pursuit of their sporting goals; (6) dual focus on both mastery and outcome; (7) the use of counterphobic attitudes and/or total preparation to maintain higher levels of performance under pressure; and (8) the relative importance of sport over other aspects of life...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646523/does-clinical-placement-in-a-community-alcohol-and-other-drugs-rehabilitation-centre-influence-students-career-intention
#11
Yenna Salamonson, Lucie M Ramjan, Amy R Villarosa, Brahm Marjadi
Due to an ageing workforce, there is a growing need for greater numbers of nurses to work in areas, such as mental health and alcohol and other drugs (AOD) rehabilitation. These practitioners need to approach their work as 'recovery-oriented practitioners'. Positive experiences and preceptorship during clinical placement in AOD rehabilitation settings might influence students' later career choices and address some of the workforce shortage issues. The aim of the present concurrent, mixed-methods study was to explore students' perceptions of their clinical placement experience in a community-based AOD rehabilitation setting, and to examine attitude, career intention, and satisfaction with the placement...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646485/findings-from-the-harvard-medical-school-cambridge-integrated-clerkship-a-year-long-longitudinal-psychiatry-experience
#12
Elisa Cheng, David Hirsh, Elizabeth Gaufberg, Todd Griswold, J Wesley Boyd
OBJECTIVE: The Harvard Medical School Cambridge Integrated Clerkship is a longitudinal integrated clerkship that has provided an alternative clinical model for medical education in psychiatry since its inception in 2004. This study was undertaken in an effort to better understand the student experience of the Cambridge Integrated Clerkship and how it may have impacted students' perceptions of and interest in psychiatry, as well as performance. METHODS: Qualitative surveys were sent via e-mail to the first 11 student cohorts who had completed the Cambridge Integrated Clerkship (from 2004 to 2014) and for whom we had e-mail addresses (N = 100), and the free-text responses were coded thematically...
June 23, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646406/podocytes-and-the-quest-for-precision-medicines-for-kidney-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Peter Mundel
In this review, I describe a 30-year journey in the quest for precision medicines for patients with kidney diseases. In 1987, when I started my reseach career, most scientists studying glomerular disease biology were focused on mesangial cells. The crucial role of the podocyte in many kidney diseases characterized by proteinuria, including focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and diabetic nephropathy, had not yet been recognized. We were not aware of genetic causes or drivers of kidney diseases nor of molecular markers and cell culture systems for mechanistic studies of podocyte biology...
June 23, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646070/media-work-adds-a-new-dimension-to-my-clinical-practice
#14
Pete Wedderburn
Pete Wedderburn describes his media career as 'accidental and unexpected', but having dipped his toe in the water, he found he enjoyed it. Here, he explains how it started.
June 24, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644942/total-wrist-arthroplasty-versus-wrist-fusion-utilization-and-complication-rates-as-reported-by-abos-part-ii-candidates
#15
Richard M Hinds, John T Capo, Marco Rizzo, James R Roberson, Michael B Gottschalk
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess national trends in the utilization and complication rates of total wrist arthroplasty (TWA) and total wrist fusion (WF) as identified via review of the American Board of Orthopedic Surgery (ABOS) Part II candidate database. METHODS: The ABOS Part II candidate database is a collection of cases reported by candidates of the ABOS Part II board certification oral exam. The ABOS database was queried for all TWA and WF cases performed from 2005 to 2014...
July 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641800/effect-of-changes-in-visa-policies-and-procedures-on-fellows-in-training-and-early-career-cardiologists
#16
EDITORIAL
Zaher Fanari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641147/suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-among-women-firefighters-an-examination-of-associated-features-and-comparison-of-pre-career-and-career-prevalence-rates
#17
Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Sally Spencer-Thomas, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: Women protective service workers die by suicide at a higher rate than women workers in other occupational groups. However, no study has examined rates and correlates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among women firefighters, despite the potential for these data to inform suicide screening, prevention, and intervention initiatives. The purpose of this study is to describe and compare pre-career and career rates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors and identify their sociodemographic and occupational correlates among women firefighters...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640991/a-risk-algorithm-for-the-persistence-of-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-during-college
#18
Philippe Mortier, Glenn Kiekens, Randy P Auerbach, Pim Cuijpers, Koen Demyttenaere, Jennifer G Green, Ronald C Kessler, Matthew K Nock, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronny Bruffaerts
OBJECTIVE: The primary aims of this study are to (a) identify patterns of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) during college among students with lifetime pre-matriculation STB and (b) develop a risk-screening algorithm for persistence of pre-matriculation STB during college. METHODS: Data come from the Leuven College Surveys, a series of prospective cohort studies of all incoming KU Leuven University freshmen. In the academic year 2012-2013, 4,889 incoming freshmen (73...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640103/occupational-injuries-among-pediatric-orthopedic-surgeons-how-serious-is-the-problem
#19
Abdulmonem M Alsiddiky, Raheef Alatassi, Saad M Altamimi, Mahdi M Alqarni, Saud M Alfayez
In this cross-sectional study, we surveyed all pediatric orthopedic surgeons in Saudi Arabia using an anonymous electronic questionnaire composed of 23 items to identify the rate of occupational injuries and obtain other relevant information. Thirty-nine participants completed the questionnaire (response rate: 83%). Participants who sustained occupational injuries throughout their careers represented 82.5%. The most injured areas were the hands, eyes, and back by 54.5%, 24.2%, and 15.2%, respectively. Approximately 11...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639806/math-related-career-aspirations-and-choices-within-eccles-et-al-s-expectancy-value-theory-of-achievement-related-behaviors
#20
Fani Lauermann, Yi-Miau Tsai, Jacquelynne S Eccles
Which occupation to pursue is one of the more consequential decisions people make and represents a key developmental task. Yet the underlying developmental processes associated with either individual or group differences in occupational choices are still not well understood. This study contributes toward filling this gap, focusing in particular on the math domain. We examined two aspects of Eccles et al.'s (1983) expectancy-value theory of achievement-related behaviors: (a) the reciprocal associations between adolescents' expectancy and subjective task value beliefs and adolescents' career plans and (b) the multiplicative association between expectancies and values in predicting occupational outcomes in the math domain...
June 22, 2017: Developmental Psychology
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