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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144971/gender-equality-from-a-european-perspective-myth-and-reality
#1
Patricia C Salinas, Claudia Bagni
In the past 50 years, significant progress in women's equality has been made worldwide. Western countries, particularly European countries, have implemented initiatives to attain a more gender-balanced workforce with the introduction of family friendly policies, by trying to narrow the gender pay gap and by promoting women's career progression. In academia, however, fewer women reach top leadership positions than those in the political arena. These findings suggest that academia needs to carefully evaluate why these new policies have not been very effective...
November 15, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144534/building-and-strengthening-capacity-for-cardiovascular-research-in-africa-through-technical-training-workshops-a-report-of-the-joint-course-on-health-research-methods-by-the-clinical-research-education-networking-and-consultancy-and-the-ivorian-society-of-cardiology
#2
Bonaventure Suiru Dzekem, Jean Baptiste Kacou, Martin Abanda, Euloge Kramoh, Yves Yapobi, Samuel Kingue, Andre Pascal Kengne, Anastase Dzudie
Africa bears a quarter of the global burden of disease but contributes less than 2% of the global research publications on health, partially due to a lack of expertise and skills to carry out scientific research. We report on a short course on research methods organised by the Clinical Research Education Networking and Consultancy (CRENC) during the third international congress of the Ivorian Cardiac Society (SICARD) in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire. Results from the pre- and post-test evaluation during this course showed that African researchers could contribute more to scientific research and publications, provided adequate support and investment is geared towards the identification and training of motivated early-career scientists...
September 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144386/creating-a-world-class-program-through-training-and-certification
#3
Ann Turner
The animal research field has gotten more sophisticated with the use of genetically engineered animals, biohazardous agents, and advanced technologies. Trained and competent personnel are a cornerstone of any animal care and use program. Individual career success is a combination of education, experience, continuing competence, professional development, and personal commitment. Integration of training and certification into programs demonstrate institutional commitment to quality research and enhance the program by providing staff with knowledge and training to address problems and situation that arise and to perform their job in a professional and effective manner...
November 16, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143592/col5a1-gene-variants-previously-associated-with-reduced-soft-tissue-injury-risk-are-associated-with-elite-athlete-status-in-rugby
#4
Shane M Heffernan, Liam P Kilduff, Robert M Erskine, Stephen H Day, Georgina K Stebbings, Christian J Cook, Stuart M Raleigh, Mark A Bennett, Guan Wang, Malcolm Collins, Yannis P Pitsiladis, Alun G Williams
BACKGROUND: Two common single nucleotide polymorphisms within the COL5A1 gene (SNPs; rs12722 C/T and rs3196378 C/A) have previously been associated with tendon and ligament pathologies. Given the high incidence of tendon and ligament injuries in elite rugby athletes, we hypothesised that both SNPs would be associated with career success. RESULTS: In 1105 participants (RugbyGene project), comprising 460 elite rugby union (RU), 88 elite rugby league athletes and 565 non-athlete controls, DNA was collected and genotyped for the COL5A1 rs12722 and rs3196378 variants using real-time PCR...
November 14, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142590/birdcage-volume-coils-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-simple-experiment-for-students
#5
Dwight E Vincent, Tianhao Wang, Thalia A K Magyar, Peni I Jacob, Richard Buist, Melanie Martin
Background: This article explains some simple experiments that can be used in undergraduate or graduate physics or biomedical engineering laboratory classes to learn how birdcage volume radiofrequency (RF) coils and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) work. For a clear picture, and to do any quantitative MRI analysis, acquiring images with a high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is required. With a given MRI system at a given field strength, the only means to change the SNR using hardware is to change the RF coil used to collect the image...
2017: Journal of Biological Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142543/career-choices-of-medical-doctors-at-graduate-level-a-multicenter-study
#6
Sadaf Zia, Maisam Abbas, Mehreen Sulaiman, Salman Matiullah Sheikh
Objective: To find out the specialty choices being taken by Final year Medical students and graduate Doctors. Method: This is a cross sectional survey study which was conducted over two months from 1(st) November to 31(st) December 2016. Final year students and house job doctors were asked for the filling of Performa, after filling the consent form. A self-developed, anonymous questionnaire was used to conduct the study using close ended type of questions. This was a multi-center study conducted at Dow International Medical College and Jinnah Medical and Dental College...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142063/first-person-arijita-ghosh
#7
(no author information available yet)
First Person is a series of interviews with the first authors of a selection of papers published in Journal of Cell Science, helping early-career researchers promote themselves alongside their papers. Arijita Ghosh is the first author on "Leucine-rich repeat-containing 8B protein is associated with the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) leak in HEK293 cells", published in Journal of Cell Science. Arijita is a PhD student in the laboratory of Amal Kanti Bera at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India, investigating the role of leucine-rich repeat-containing 8 proteins in cellular calcium homeostasis...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141654/early-career-researchers-want-open-science
#8
Andrea Farnham, Christoph Kurz, Mehmet Ali Öztürk, Monica Solbiati, Oona Myllyntaus, Jordy Meekes, Tra My Pham, Clara Paz, Magda Langiewicz, Sophie Andrews, Liisa Kanninen, Chantal Agbemabiese, Arzu Tugce Guler, Jeffrey Durieux, Sarah Jasim, Olivia Viessmann, Stefano Frattini, Danagul Yembergenova, Carla Marin Benito, Marion Porte, Anaïs Grangeray-Vilmint, Rafael Prieto Curiel, Carin Rehncrona, Tareq Malas, Flavia Esposito, Kristina Hettne
Open Science is encouraged by the European Union and many other political and scientific institutions. However, scientific practice is proving slow to change. We propose, as early career researchers, that it is our task to change scientific research into open scientific research and commit to Open Science principles.
November 15, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141187/factors-associated-with-final-year-nursing-students-desire-to-work-in-the-primary-health-care-setting-findings-from-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Jacqueline G Bloomfield, Christina Aggar, Tamsin H T Thomas, Christopher J Gordon
BACKGROUND: Registered nurses are under-represented in the primary health care setting both internationally and in Australia, and this shortage is predicted to worsen. To address the increasingly complex healthcare needs of an ageing population, it is vital to develop and sustain a primary health care nursing workforce, yet attracting nurses is challenging. In Australia, registered nurses graduating from university typically commence their careers in hospital-based transition to professional practice programs...
October 23, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140793/medical-specialty-preferences-in-early-medical-school-training-in-canada
#10
Anthony Vo, Laurie McLean, Matthew D F McInnes
Objectives: To understand what medical students consider when choosing their specialty, prior to significant clinical exposure to develop strategies to provide adequate career counseling. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed by distributing optional questionnaires to 165 first-year medical students at the University of Ottawa in their first month of training with a sample yield of 54.5% (n=90).  Descriptive statistics, analysis of variance, Spearman's rank correlation, Cronbach's alpha coefficient, Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin Measure, and exploratory factor analyses were used to analyze the anonymized results...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140582/abortion-knowledge-and-experiences-among-u-s-servicewomen-a-qualitative-study
#11
Kate Grindlay, Jane W Seymour, Laura Fix, Sarah Reiger, Brianna Keefe-Oates, Daniel Grossman
CONTEXT: U.S. servicewomen have a higher rate of unintended pregnancy than civilian women, yet the military does not provide or cover abortion, except in limited circumstances. Servicewomen's experiences with abortion care have received little research attention. METHODS: Twenty-one in-depth interviews with servicewomen who had had an abortion during active-duty service in the prior two years were conducted between January 2015 and July 2016. Women reported on their experiences accessing abortion, as well as their knowledge and opinions of the military's abortion policy...
November 15, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140160/clinical-measures-and-their-contribution-to-dysfunction-in-individuals-with-patellar-tendinopathy
#12
Hyunjae Jeon, Melanie L McGrath, Neal Grandgenett, Adam B Rosen
CONTEXT: Patellar tendinopathy is prevalent in physically active populations and it affects their quality of living, performance of activity, and may contribute to the early cessation of their athletic careers. A number of previous studies have identified contributing factors for patellar tendinopathy however their contributions to self-reported dysfunction remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to determine if strength, flexibility, and various lower extremity static alignments contributed to self-reported function and influence the severity of patellar tendinopathy...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140157/case-study-body-composition-periodization-in-an-olympic-level-female-middle-distance-runner-over-a-9-year-career
#13
Trent Stellingwerff
This case-study features an Olympic-level female middle-distance runner implementing a science-based approach to body composition periodization. Data is emerging to suggest that it is not sustainable from a health and/or performance perspective to be at peak body composition year-round, so body composition needs to be strategically periodized. Anthropometric (n=44), hematological, other health measures and 1500m race performances (n=83) were periodically assessed throughout a 9-year career. General preparation phase (September to April) featured the athlete at ~2 to 4% over ideal competition phase body weight (BW) and body fat (%) with optimal energy availability being prioritized...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138614/development-of-a-health-care-systems-curriculum
#14
Zachary Pruitt, Rahul Mhaskar, Bryan G Kane, Robert D Barraco, Deborah J DeWaay, Alex M Rosenau, Kristin A Bresnan, Marna Rayl Greenberg
Background: There is currently no gold standard for delivery of systems-based practice in medical education, and it is challenging to incorporate into medical education. Health systems competence requires physicians to understand patient care within the broader health care system and is vital to improving the quality of care clinicians provide. We describe a health systems curriculum that utilizes problem-based learning across 4 years of systems-based practice medical education at a single institution...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137816/resuscitation-for-the-specialty-of-nephrology-is-cardionephrology-the-answer
#15
Janani Rangaswami, Roy O Mathew, Peter A McCullough
The specialty of nephrology faces major fellowship recruitment challenges, with ongoing declining interest among internal medicine residents. The field of Cardionephrology can help instill new interest and enthusiasm in choosing nephrology as a career amongst trainee physicians.
November 11, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137695/career-commitment-of-nurse-faculty
#16
Malena Jones
BACKGROUND: A nurse faculty shortage exists, and it is predicted to continue in the United States (American Association of Colleges of Nursing [AACN], 2016). Several factors that have been identified as contributing to this shortage include aging faculty, lack of doctoral-prepared faculty, and the economic cost of pursuing an academic career (AACN, 2016). However, there is a need to explore subtle factors. This study was conducted to examine the interaction of career commitment to education, faculty satisfaction, and teacher efficacy on developing qualified and retaining committed faculty...
November 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137548/exploring-organisational-competences-in-human-factors-and-ux-project-work-managing-careers-project-tactics-and-organisational-strategy
#17
Dominic Furniss, Paul Curzon, Ann Blandford
Organisational competence in Human Factors and UX (user experience) has not been looked at before despite its relevance to project success. We define organisational competence as the collective competence of the individuals, bringing together their complementary abilities to deliver an outcome that is typically more than the sum of its parts. Twenty-two UX and Human Factors practitioners were interviewed about their project work in two contrasting domains: web design and safety-critical systems to explore organisational competences...
November 15, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136396/building-early-academic-career-capacity-through-mentoring
#18
Michelle Cleary, Debra Jackson, Jan M Sayers, Violeta Lopez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135674/the-pursuit-of-scholarship-why-we-should-care-about-resident-research
#19
Joan E Bechtold, Benjamin R Williams, Stuart L Weinstein, David W Polly, Andrew J Pugely, Joseph A Buckwalter, Stephen A Albanese, Kevin J Bozic, Brian D Snyder
Research is a foundational component of an orthopaedic residency. It fosters intellectual curiosity and pursuit of excellence, while teaching discipline and the scientific method. These are the key principles for careers in both community-based practice and academia. Currently, no consensus exists on how to best engage residents and support their research endeavors. In 2014, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Board of Specialty Societies Research and Quality Committee convened a Clinician-Scientist Collaboration Workgroup...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135275/the-effects-of-playing-multiple-high-school-sports-on-national-basketball-association-players-propensity-for-injury-and-athletic-performance
#20
Caitlin Rugg, Adarsh Kadoor, Brian T Feeley, Nirav K Pandya
BACKGROUND: Athletes who specialize in their sport at an early age may be at risk for burnout, overuse injury, and reduced attainment of elite status. Timing of sport specialization has not been studied in elite basketball athletes. HYPOTHESIS: National Basketball Association (NBA) players who played multiple sports during adolescence would be less likely to experience injury and would have higher participation rates in terms of games played and career length compared with single-sport athletes...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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