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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931981/supplementation-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-improves-markers-of-metabolic-dysfunction-induced-by-a-high-fat-diet
#1
Alice Martinic, Javad Barouei, Zach Bendiks, Darya Mishchuk, Dustin D Heeney, Roy Martin, Maria L Marco, Carolyn M Slupsky
Obesity is a prevalent chronic condition in many developed and developing nations that raises the risk for developing heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Previous studies have shown that consuming particular probiotic strains of Lactobacillus is associated with improvement in the obese and diabetic phenotype; however, the mechanisms of these beneficial effects are not well understood. In this study, C57BL/6J male mice were fed a lard-based high fat diet for 15 weeks with Lactobacillus plantarum supplementation NCIMB8826 (Lp) between weeks 10 and 15 (n=10 per group)...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931423/the-effects-of-probiotics-and-synbiotic-supplementation-on-glucose-and-insulin-metabolism-in-adults-with-prediabetes-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Nazila Kassaian, Awat Feizi, Ashraf Aminorroaya, Parvaneh Jafari, Maryam Tajabadi Ebrahimi, Masoud Amini
AIMS: Probiotics and/or prebiotics could be a promising approach to improve metabolic disorders by favorably modifying the gut microbial composition. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of probiotics and synbiotic on glycemic indices in prediabetic individuals who are at risk of type 2 diabetes and its complications. METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled parallel-group clinical trial, 120 prediabetic adults participated and were randomly allocated to receive either probiotics or synbiotic or placebo supplements for 24 weeks...
June 22, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916111/do-probiotics-effectively-ameliorate-glycemic-control-during-gestational-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Suelen Dallanora, Yasmin Medeiros de Souza, Rúbia Garcia Deon, Clare A Tracey, Ana Amélia Freitas-Vilela, Luiz Fernando Wurdig Roesch, Roberta Hack Mendes
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. The aim of this work was to systematically review all studies in which probiotic supplements were used during pregnancy and analyse the effects on GDM. METHODS: The data were collected using the medical subheading (MeSH) terms: ("diabetes, gestational"[MeSH Terms] OR ("diabetes"[All Fields] AND "gestational"[All Fields]) OR "gestational diabetes"[All Fields] OR ("gestational"[All Fields] AND "diabetes"[All Fields])) AND ("probiotics"[MeSH Terms] OR "probiotics"[All Fields])...
June 18, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851956/lactobacillus-plantarum-reverse-diabetes-induced-fmo3-and-icam-expression-in-mice-through-enteric-dysbiosis-related-c-jun-nh2-terminal-kinase-pathways
#4
Wen-Chung Liu, Ming-Chieh Yang, Ying-Ying Wu, Pei-Hsuan Chen, Ching-Mei Hsu, Lee-Wei Chen
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is characterized by increased fatality associated with the atherogenetic process. Circulating trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) levels are closely associated with atherosclerosis. The flavin mono-oxygenase family (Fmo) members oxidize trimethylamine (TMA) to TMAO. The effect and the regulatory mechanism of intestinal microflora on diabetes-induced Fmo3 and intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM) expression were examined in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice (STZDM) and Akita mice (C57BL/6J-Ins2Akita)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849035/longevity-extension-in-drosophila-through-gut-brain-communication
#5
Susan Westfall, Nikita Lomis, Satya Prakash
Aging and chronic disease development are multifactorial processes involving the cumulative effects of metabolic distress, inflammation, oxidative stress and mitochondrial dynamics. Recently, variations in the gut microbiota have been associated with age-related phenotypes and probiotics have shown promise in managing chronic disease progression. In this study, novel probiotic and synbiotic formulations are shown to combinatorially extend longevity in male Drosophila melanogaster through mechanisms of gut-brain-axis communication with implications in chronic disease management...
May 30, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803440/potential-use-of-pearl-millet-pennisetum-glaucum-l-r-br-in-brazil-food-security-processing-health-benefits-and-nutritional-products
#6
REVIEW
Amanda M Dias-Martins, Kênia Letícia F Pessanha, Sidney Pacheco, José Avelino S Rodrigues, Carlos Wanderlei Piler Carvalho
Climate change can cause an increase in arid soils, warmer weather, and reduce water availability, which in turn can directly affect food security. This increases food prices and reduces the availability of food. Therefore, knowledge concerning the nutritional and technological potential of non-traditional crops and their resistance to heat and drought is very interesting. Pearl millet is known to produce small nutritious cereal grains, which can endure both heat and dry conditions, and is one of the basic cereals of several African and Asian countries...
July 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803203/the-effects-of-lactobacillus-casei-on-glycemic-response-serum-sirtuin1-and-fetuin-a-levels-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Leila Khalili, Beitullah Alipour, Mohammad Asghari Jafar-Abadi, Ismail Faraji, Tohid Hassanalilou, Mehran Mesgari Abbasi, Elnaz Vaghef-Mehrabany, Mahmood Alizadeh Sani
Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is related to the gut microbiota with numerous molecular mechanisms. Modulating the gut microbiota by probiotics could be effective in management of T2DM. The aim of the present trial was to evaluate the effect of Lactobacillus casei on glycemic control and serum sirtuin1 (SIRT1) and fetuin-A in patients with T2DM. Methods: Forty patients with T2DM (n = 20 for each group) were divided into intervention (probiotic) and placebo groups...
May 27, 2018: Iranian Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800124/the-role-of-27-human-gut-microbiota-genera-in-ischemic-heart-disease-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-their-risk-factors-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#8
Qian Yang, Shi Lin Lin, Man Ki Kwok, Gabriel M Leung, C Mary Schooling
Manipulation of the gut microbiota presents a new opportunity to combat chronic diseases. Randomized controlled trials of probiotics suggest some associations with adiposity, lipids and insulin resistance, but no trials with hard outcomes have been conducted. We used separate-sample Mendelian randomization to obtain estimates of the associations of 27 gut microbiota genera with ischemic heart disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, adiposity, lipids and insulin resistance, based on summary data from CARDIoGRAAMplusC4D and other consortiums...
May 25, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787859/design-and-rationale-of-the-insyte-study-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-study-to-test-the-efficacy-of-a-synbiotic-on-liver-fat-disease-biomarkers-and-intestinal-microbiota-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#9
Eleonora Scorletti, Paul R Afolabi, Elizabeth A Miles, Debbie E Smith, Amal Almehmadi, Albandri Alshathry, Helen E Moyses, Geraldine F Clough, Mark Wright, Janisha Patel, Laure Bindels, Nathalie M Delzenne, Philip C Calder, Christopher D Byrne
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum of fat-related conditions ranging from simple fatty liver, to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), fibrosis and cirrhosis. There is growing evidence that NAFLD is a multisystem disease, affecting several extra-hepatic organs and regulatory pathways. Furthermore, since the gut and liver are linked anatomically via the portal vein, disturbances of the gut microbiota (dysbiosis) can affect the liver. OBJECTIVES: In patients with NAFLD, we are testing the effects of a synbiotic which is the combination of a prebiotic (fructooligosaccharides; 4 g/day) and a probiotic (Bifidobacterium animalis subsp...
May 19, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785173/phytochemicals-that-influence-gut-microbiota-as-prophylactics-and-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-and-inflammatory-diseases
#10
REVIEW
Lucrecia Carrera-Quintanar, Rocío I López Roa, Saray Quintero-Fabián, Marina A Sánchez-Sánchez, Barbara Vizmanos, Daniel Ortuño-Sahagún
Gut microbiota (GM) plays several crucial roles in host physiology and influences several relevant functions. In more than one respect, it can be said that you "feed your microbiota and are fed by it." GM diversity is affected by diet and influences metabolic and immune functions of the host's physiology. Consequently, an imbalance of GM, or dysbiosis, may be the cause or at least may lead to the progression of various pathologies such as infectious diseases, gastrointestinal cancers, inflammatory bowel disease, and even obesity and diabetes...
2018: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783731/-lactobacillus-plantarum-strain-ln4-attenuates-diet-induced-obesity-insulin-resistance-and-changes-in-hepatic-mrna-levels-associated-with-glucose-and-lipid-metabolism
#11
Eunjung Lee, So-Ra Jung, So-Young Lee, Na-Kyoung Lee, Hyun-Dong Paik, Seong-Il Lim
The prevalence of obesity and associated metabolic disorders, including diabetes and cardiovascular disease, is rapidly becoming a severe global health problem. Recent reports have suggested that the alteration of the gut ecosystem through the consumption of probiotics and fermented foods, such as yogurt and Kimchi, can significantly impact obesity and Type 2 diabetes (T2D)-related biomarkers. In this study, we screened over 400 strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) that were isolated from fermented foods to identify potent anti-obesogenic and diabetic probiotics in vitro...
May 19, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782556/the-effects-of-probiotics-supplementation-on-metabolic-health-in-pregnant-women-an-evidence-based-meta-analysis
#12
Jia Zheng, Qianyun Feng, Sheng Zheng, Xinhua Xiao
The prevalence of maternal obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is increasing rapidly. Probiotics supplementation have been shown to improve metabolic health in humans. In our study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of probiotics supplementation on metabolic health and pregnancy complications in pregnant women. The literature search, data extraction and quality assessment were performed, and data were synthesized in accordance with standardized guidelines. Ten randomized clinical trials with eligible data were included in our meta-analysis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781243/the-effects-of-probiotic-supplements-on-insulin-resistance-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Athasit Kijmanawat, Panyu Panburana, Sirimon Reutrakul, Chayada Tangshewinsirikul
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of probiotic supplements on insulin resistance in pregnant women with diet-controlled gestational diabetes mellitus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted between June 2016 and February 2017. Pregnant women with diet-controlled gestational diabetes mellitus were enrolled in the study at 24-28 weeks of gestation and randomized to receive either probiotic supplements containing Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus or placebo daily for four consecutive weeks...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751685/inhibition-of-insulin-degrading-enzyme-and-insulin-degradation-by-uv-killed-lactobacillus-acidophilus
#14
Nadia Neyazi, Elahe Motevaseli, Mohammad Reza Khorramizadeh, Taiebeh Mohammadi Farsani, Zahra Nouri, Ensieh Nasli Esfahani, Mohammad Hossein Ghahremani
Probiotics have beneficial effects on management of type 2 diabetes (T2D). The major hallmarks of T2D are insulin deficiency and insulin resistance which emphasize insulin therapy in onset of disease. Lactobacilli such as Lactobacillus acidophilus ( L. acidophilus ) have well known properties on prevention of T2D and insulin resistance but not on insulin degradation. Insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) degrades insulin in the human body. We studied the effects of cell-free supernatant (CFS) and ultraviolet (UV)-killed L...
May 11, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746280/the-impact-of-microbial-communities-on-wound-healing-a-review
#15
Zhenzhen Xu, Henry C Hsia
Chronic, nonhealing wounds place an enormous burden on both the health care system and patients, with no definitive treatments available. There has been increasing evidence that the microbial composition of wounds may play an important role in wound healing. Culture-independent methods for bacterial detection and analysis have revealed the wound microbiome to be much more diverse and complex than culture alone. Such methods primarily rely on targeted amplification and sequencing of various hypervariable regions of the bacterial 16S rRNA for phylogenetic analysis...
April 30, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737805/effect-of-probiotic-supplements-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-on-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-biomarkers-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Majid Hajifaraji, Fatemeh Jahanjou, Fatemeh Abbasalizadeh, Nasser Aghamohammadzadeh, Mehran Mesgari Abbasi, Neda Dolatkhah
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Very little is known about the use of probiotics among pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) especially its effect on oxidative stress and inflammatory indices. The aim of present study was to measure the effect of a probiotic supplement capsule on inflammation and oxidative stress biomarkers in women with newly-diagnosed GDM. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: 64 pregnant women with GDM were enrolled in a double-blind placebo controlled randomized clinical trial in the spring and summer of 2014...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693777/milk-feeding-and-first-complementary-foods-during-the-first-year-of-life-in-the-teddy-study
#17
Anne Riikonen, David Hadley, Ulla Uusitalo, Nicole Miller, Sibylle Koletzko, Jimin Yang, Carin Andrén Aronsson, Sandra Hummel, Jill M Norris, Suvi M Virtanen
The aim was to describe milk feeding patterns and first weaning foods during the first year of life in a large prospective birth cohort of infants with increased genetic risk for Type 1 diabetes (T1D) recruited in 4 different countries: the United States, Finland, Germany, and Sweden. All enrolled children with dietary information (n = 8,673) were included in the analyses; 1,307 (15%) children who dropped out before the first birthday were excluded from some analyses. Supplementary milk feeding in the first 3 days of life was common in all the four countries, although the type of the supplementary milk differed by country and by maternal T1D...
April 25, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668928/akkermansia-muciniphila-can-reduce-the-damage-of-gluco-lipotoxicity-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-and-normalize-intestine-microbiota-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#18
Ling Zhang, Qianqian Qin, Manni Liu, Xiangling Zhang, Fang He, Guoqing Wang
This study aimed to investigate how Akkermansia muciniphila can implicate type 2 diabetes mellitus and the mechanisms underlying the effects A. muciniphila on type 2 diabetes mellitus. Normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic Sprague-Dawley rats were orally administered with A. muciniphila and solvent. After 4 weeks of treatment, diabetic rats orally administered with live or pasteurized A. muciniphila exhibited significant increase in the blood concentration of high-density lipoprotein, and decrease in the hepatic glycogen, serum plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, tumor necrosis factor-α, lipopolysaccharide, malondialdehyde and total glucagon-like peptide-1...
June 1, 2018: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661605/effect-of-alive-probiotic-on-insulin-resistance-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Nazarii Kobyliak, Tetyana Falalyeyeva, Galyna Mykhalchyshyn, Dmytro Kyriienko, Iuliia Komissarenko
BACKGROUND: Probiotics have beneficial effect on obesity related disorders in animal models. Despite a large number of animal data, randomized placebo-controlled trials (RCT) concluded that probiotics have a moderate effect on glycemic control-related parameters. However, effect of probiotics on insulin resistance are inconsistent. AIM: In a double-blind single center RCT, effect of alive multistrain probiotic vs. placebo on insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes patient were assessed...
April 10, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653264/helminth-infection-in-mice-improves-insulin-sensitivity-via-modulation-of-gut-microbiota-and-fatty-acid-metabolism
#20
Fernanda Pace, Bruno M Carvalho, Tamires M Zanotto, Andrey Santos, Dioze Guadagnini, Kelly L C Silva, Maria Carolina S Mendes, Guilherme Z Rocha, Silmara M Alegretti, Gustavo A Santos, Rodrigo R Catharino, Rita Paroni, Franco Folli, Mário José A Saad
Intestinal helminths are prevalent in individuals who live in rural areas of developing countries, where obesity, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome are rare. In the present study, we analyzed the modulation of the gut microbiota in mice infected with the helminth Strongyloides venezuelensis, and fed either a standard rodent chow diet or high-fat diet (HFD). To investigate the effects of the microbiota modulation on the metabolism, we analyzed the expression of tight-junction proteins present in the gut epithelium, inflammatory markers in the serum and tissue and quantified glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity and resistance...
April 10, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
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