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Ileocecal valve

Daniel Edwards, Robert Gitman, Noah May, Melanie Amster
A 71 year-old female presented with a large, protuberant abdominal mass and was found to have both a left renal mass and a biopsy-proven neuroendocrine tumor of the ileocecal valve. Ultimately, right hemicolectomy revealed a well-differentiated and low-grade neuroendocrine tumor of the ileocecal valve, while left radical nephrectomy revealed a 23x22x15cm chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (RCC-CT) weighing 3564g. RCC-CT represents a small portion of diagnosed RCC, and generally portends a more favorable prognosis than other variants...
October 18, 2016: Urology
Fabiana Policeni, Brittany Pakalniskis, Limin Yang
Metastatic tumors are rare in the breast. Well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (WDNETs) are slow-growing neoplasms that arise from neuroendocrine cells, particularly in the gastrointestinal tract and bronchial tree. Metastatic WDNET to the breast is a rare entity. We present a case report of ileal WDNET metastatic to the breast which was initially identified as a small mass in the patient's left breast on screening mammography. Targeted ultrasound identified a suspicious mass, and ultrasound-guided percutaneous core biopsy was performed...
2016: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
Alexandra Grosse
Amebiasis is uncommon in developed countries. Several case reports in the literature emphasize that both the presenting symptoms and the radiological findings of colonic amebiasis closely resemble more common conditions, such as idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease and gastro-intestinal malignancy. We describe a unique case of colonic amebiasis (amebomas) coexisting with signet-ring cell carcinoma of the ileocecal valve, the cecum and the appendix. Endoscopically, the ulcerated tumor was indistinguishable from the ulcerations and pseudotumors (amebomas) detected in the ascending colon...
September 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Annika Mutanen, Mikko P Pakarinen
AIM: Glukagon-like-peptide-1 (GLP-1) and -2 (GLP-2), produced by intestinal L-cells, are key hormones regulating intestinal transit, secretion, absorption, and mucosal growth. We evaluated naïve fasting serum GLP-1 and GLP-2 levels in pediatric intestinal failure (IF). METHODS: Fifty-five IF patients with median age 4.2 (IQR 1.3-12) years and 47 matched healthy controls underwent measurement of fasting serum GLP-1 and GLP-2. RESULTS: Serum GLP-2 [19...
September 14, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Yuji Nadatani, Toshio Watanabe, Takashi Sugawa, Shinpei Eguchi, Sunao Shimada, Koji Otani, Hirokazu Yamagami, Tetsuya Tanigawa, Masatsugu Shiba, Kazunari Tominaga, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Tetsuo Arakawa
INTRODUCTION: Ileal duplications are encountered infrequently in adults, because symptoms including abdominal pain, intussusception, hemorrhage, and perforation usually present in early childhood. In this report, we present an adult case of ileal duplication that was revealed by double-balloon endoscopy (DBE). CASE DESCRIPTION: A 73-year-old Japanese man presented with anemia and melena. Anal DBE detected the narrow opening of an extra lumen in the ileum about 100 cm proximal to the ileocecal valve...
2016: SpringerPlus
Kaci E Christian, Karan Kapoor, Eric M Goldberg
AIM: To evaluate the technical success, diagnostic yield (DY) and therapeutic potential of retrograde single balloon enteroscopy (rSBE). METHODS: A retrospective review of 136 rSBE procedures performed at a tertiary academic referral center from January 2006 and September 2013 was completed. Patient characteristics including age, gender and inpatient status were collected. The indication for the procedure was categorized into one of three groups: Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB), evaluation for Crohn's disease and abnormal imaging...
August 10, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
John Melissas, Halit ErenTaskin, Drakos Peirasmakis, Efstathios Dimitriadis, Marios Papadakis, Seniyye Ulgen Zengin, Volkan Yumuk, Mustafa Taskin
BACKGROUND: The feasibility of a simple side-to-side jejunoileal anastomosis (SJA) in non-morbidly obese individuals to control type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) was studied in six diabetic patients with BMI 28-32. This novel procedure was performed in two Academic Centers and preliminary data is presented. METHODS: SJA bypassing a significant part of the small bowel and diverting food and biliopancretic secretions to the distal ileum was performed laparoscopically in six diabetic patients with BMI 28-32 kg/m(2)...
August 31, 2016: Obesity Surgery
T Mahdy, A Al Wahedi, C Schou
INTRODUCTION: The single anastomosis sleeve ileal (SASI) bypass is a Novel Metabolic/Bariatric Surgery operation based on mini gastric bypass operation and Santoro's operation in which a sleeve gastrectomy is followed by a side to side gastro-ileal anastomosis. The purpose of this Study is to report the clinical results of the outcomes of SASI bypass as a therapeutic option for obese T2DM patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of type 2 diabetic obese patients who underwent SASI bypass at one hospital from March 1, 2013 to December 31, 2014...
August 19, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Henry Ifeanyi Osakwe, Cristina Dragomir, Cristian Nicolescu, Eugen Sorin Boia
INTRODUCTION: This article reflects on the plight of patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS) in developing countries. SBS is life threatening, rare, complex and often not considered a priority by healthcare planners in the developing countries because of the high cost of treatment. Data was collected and analyzed from 3 different hospitals in two different countries (Romania and Austria) from November 2013 to February 2016 CASE PRESENTATION: The patient had an emergency surgery for volvulus as a result of an extensive ischemic necrosis, with just 80cm of the bowel left and no ileocecal valve after enterectomy...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ji Min Lee, Kang-Moon Lee
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease have significantly increased in recent decades in Korea. Intestinal tuberculosis (ITB) and intestinal Behcet's disease (BD), which should be differentiated from Crohn's disease (CD), are more frequent in Korea than in the West. Thus, the accurate diagnosis of these inflammatory diseases is problematic in Korea and clinicians should fully understand their clinical and endoscopic characteristics. Ulcerative colitis mostly presents with rectal inflammation and continuous lesions, while CD presents with discontinuous inflammatory lesions and frequently involves the ileocecal area...
July 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
N L Ritz, D M Lin, M R Wilson, L L Barton, H C Lin
BACKGROUND: Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) serves as a mammalian cell-derived gaseous neurotransmitter. The intestines are exposed to a second source of this gas by sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB). Bismuth subsalicylate binds H2 S rendering it insoluble. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that SRB may slow intestinal transit in a bismuth-reversible fashion. METHODS: Eighty mice were randomized to five groups consisting of Live SRB, Killed SRB, SRB+Bismuth, Bismuth, and Saline...
July 31, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Maurizio De Luca, Jacques Himpens, Luigi Angrisani, Nicola Di Lorenzo, Kamal Mahawar, Cesare Lunardi, Natale Pellicanò, Nicola Clemente, Scott Shikora
BACKGROUND: In one anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB), the measurement of the afferent limb starting at the angle of Treitz may result in insufficient absorptive surface of the intestine of the remaining efferent limb. To address this concern, we recently modified the technique of OAGB by constructing the gastrointestinal anastomosis at a fixed distance from the ileocecal valve (i.e., 300 cm). We adopted the new concept and named it the single anastomosis gastro-ileal bypass (SAGI). METHODS: Seven consecutive patients with morbid obesity underwent the SAGI procedure...
July 18, 2016: Obesity Surgery
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Endoscopy
Yun-Wei Guo, Hua-Ying Gu, Kodjo-Kunale Abassa, Xian-Yi Lin, Xiu-Qing Wei
Although gastroduodenal ulcers are common in solid organ transplant patients, there are few reports on multiple giant ulcers in the distal ileum and ileocecal valve caused by immunosuppressants Herein, we report on a liver transplant recipient and a renal transplant recipient with multiple large ulcers in the distal ileum and ileocecal valve who rapidly achieved ulcer healing upon withdrawal of sirolimus or tacrolimus and administration of thalidomide. In case 1, a 56-year-old man with primary hepatocellular carcinoma had received a liver transplantation...
June 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Jiro Shimazaki, Takanobu Tabuchi, Kiyotaka Nishida, Akira Takemura, Hideki Kajiyama, Gyo Motohashi, Shuji Suzuki
In this report, a case of hemorrhagic shock caused by a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) of the ileum, which was successfully treated by emergency surgery, is presented. A 67-year-old male patient presented to the Ibaraki Medical Center, Tokyo Medical University (Ami, Japan) in July 18, 2014, with dizziness and blood in the stool. Upper endoscopy and colonoscopy failed to reveal the source of the hemorrhage, although abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed extravasation of the contrast medium into the small intestine...
July 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Kendall McEachron, Brent Bauman, Bradley Segura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Minnesota Medicine
Marina Deuker, Frederik C Roos, Allegra Großmann, Patrick Faé, Joachim W Thüroff, Raimund Stein
INTRODUCTION: Long-term outcomes are of special concern in children after urinary diversion. In a single institution study we evaluated retrospectively the long-term outcomes of urinary diversion in children, in whom the ileocecal segment had been used, in respect to complications of the efferent segment. METHODS: The Mainz pouch was used in 107 children for continent urinary diversion. Indications were neurogenic bladder (53%, 57/107), exstrophy-epispadias complex (25%, 27/107), malignancy (13%, 14/107), and others (9%, 9/107)...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Toru Kameda, Fukiko Kawai, Nobuyuki Taniguchi, Kiyoka Omoto, Yasuyuki Kobori, Kazukiyo Arakawa
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether the onion skin sign on ultrasonography (US) of the lower abdomen is specific for the diagnosis of an appendiceal mucocele. METHODS: Our study included 231 lesions from 229 patients in whom transabdominal US detected lesions in the lower abdomen and who had definitive pathological diagnoses in the small bowel, ileocecal valve, cecum, appendix, mesentery, adnexa uteri or pelvic cavity outside the major organs. Patients with metastatic tumors were excluded...
October 2014: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
John F Bode, Charles O Thoen
This investigation was designed to determine the effects of low-dose electron beam irradiation on the survival of Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis in tissue samples collected at necropsy from clinically affected cows. Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis was isolated from the ileum and ileocecal valve of one cow and from the ileum of another cow irradiated at 4.0 kGy, but was not isolated from the ileum, ileocecal valve, or mesenteric lymph node of 11 other cows irradiated at 4 kGy.
August 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Cláudia Paiva, Filomena Soares, Raquel da Inez Correia, Vítor Valente
INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMFT) is an uncommon mesenchymal solid tumor commonly documented in children and young adults. It is usually located in lungs however, extrapulmonary involvement has also been reported. Here we report a case of IMFT presenting as an ileocecal intussusception. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 55-year-old man presented with a two months history of colicky abdominal pain, more intense at the right inferior abdominal quadrant, and unintentional weight loss of 8kg in the previous four months...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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