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Ileocecal valve

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634703/isoperistaltic-versus-antiperistaltic-side-to-side-anastomosis-after-right-laparoscopic-hemicolectomy-for-cancer-isovanti-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#1
N Ibañez, J Abrisqueta, J Luján, Q Hernández, P Parrilla
BACKGROUND: It is believed that loosing ileocecal valve is well tolerated in patients who do not have short bowel syndrome or Crohn disease. From the hypothesis of colonic peristalsis and transit is regulated by that ileocecal valvular mechanism, we try to find out if the creation of a new pseudo-valvular mechanism as antiperistaltic anastomosis could be considered after right hemicolectomy can cause any short- or long-term changes in gastrointestinal habits. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study at primary endpoint is to compare early (occurring within 30 days of surgery) and late (occurring during the follow-up) postoperative complications between both groups The purpose of the study at secondary endpoint is to compare intraoperative and postoperative events between experimental and control groups in terms of operating time, first oral tolerance day, first flatus and faeces, length of hospital stay and orocecal transit; comparing rates of gastrointestinal life quality and comparing mortality rates between both groups...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622448/ileocecal-valve-syndrome-after-surgery-in-adult-patients-myth-or-reality
#2
S Palmisano, M Silvestri, M Troian, P Germani, F Giudici, N de Manzini
AIM: The onset of symptoms after ileocecal valve (ICV) removal may be perceived as an unwanted effect of surgery and induce patients to bring unnecessary litigation against surgeons. The aim of our study is to assess the real impact on the quality of life of patients whose ICV was surgically removed, using three validated questionnaires. METHOD: In patients who had their ICV removed surgically, the Gastrointestinal Quality of life (GIQLI) questionnaire and those used by the European Organization for research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) were administered pre and post surgery...
June 16, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596925/foreign-body-moves-retrograde-through-ileocecal-valve-during-colonoscopy
#3
Maria Paparoupa, Markus Bruns-Toepler
Ingestion of foreign bodies and particularly of button or/and cylindrical batteries is frequent in children and adults with underlying psychiatric diseases. We present a case of a 30-year-old woman with unstable borderline disorder, where overall 4 button and 2 cylindrical batteries were endoscopically removed from her digestive system. During the last session of colonoscopy a peculiar incident was observed, as a cylindrical battery of 15 mm diameter and 43 mm length moved retrograde through ileocecal valve into the small bowel...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579583/a-case-of-intussusceptions-at-two-parts-of-the-ileum-caused-by-an-ileus-tube
#4
Yutaka Okagawa, Kohichi Takada, Hiroki Sakamoto, Takumi Miura, Shigeki Abeshima, Junji Kato
An 87-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for paralytic ileus, and she was treated using an ileus tube. Although her symptoms improved, abdominal fullness developed again on day 3 after ileus tube insertion. Abdominal computed tomography indicated intussusceptions at the ileum and the terminal part of the ileum;therefore, an emergency surgery was performed. During the surgery, antegrade intussusceptions were found in the ileum 60cm from the ileocecal valve and the terminal part of the ileum into the ascending colon...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559783/long-term-results-of-serial-transverse-enteroplasty-with-neovalve-creation-for-extreme-short-bowel-syndrome-report-of-two-cases
#5
REVIEW
Mireia Botey, Antonio Alastrué, Henrik Haetta, Jaume Fernández-Llamazares, Arantxa Clavell, Pau Moreno
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to determine whether serial transverse enteroplasty (STEP) and the creation of a new ileocecal valve in extreme short bowel syndrome (SBS) cases (<45 cm) is effective in intestinal adaptation and improvement of nutritional parameters and serum citrulline levels. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We present 2 cases of SBS treated with STEP. Enterectomy was performed for massive intestinal ischemia secondary to a gastrointestinal stromal tumor in the first case and to catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome in the second...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554107/manual-laparoscopy-assisted-intraoperative-reduction-for-adult-ileocolic-intussusception-with-ileal-adenoma-a-case-report
#6
Naoki Takahashi, Kiyoshi Narita, Rie Sato, Hideo Suzuki, Hideki Machishi, Yoshikatsu Okada
INTRODUCTION: Adult intussusception is a rare condition with a pathological lead point. Intraoperative reduction of adult intussusception can eliminate the need for extensive or invasive resection. We safely performed a manual laparoscopy-assisted intraoperative reduction that allowed functional preservation of tissue. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 70-year-old woman with dull right lumbar pain at regular intervals and right lower quadrant abdominal tenderness was admitted to our hospital...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547740/biliary-duodenal-anastomosis-using-magnetic-compression-following-massive-resection-of-small-intestine-due-to-strangulated-ileus-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation-a-case-report
#7
Ryusuke Saito, Hiroyuki Tahara, Seiichi Shimizu, Masahiro Ohira, Kentaro Ide, Kohei Ishiyama, Tsuyoshi Kobayashi, Hideki Ohdan
BACKGROUND: Despite the improvements of surgical techniques and postoperative management of patients with liver transplantation, biliary complications are one of the most common and important adverse events. We present a first case of choledochoduodenostomy using magnetic compression following a massive resection of the small intestine due to strangulated ileus after living donor liver transplantation. CASE PRESENTATION: The 54-year-old female patient had end-stage liver disease, secondary to liver cirrhosis, due to primary sclerosing cholangitis with ulcerative colitis...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492588/-a-rare-case-of-intussusception-in-a-seventeen-year-old-boy-diagnosis-management-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Enrica Rossi, Massimo Basile, Donatella Narese, Noemi Ognibene, Sara Poggesi, Marta Cangelosi, Claudio Defilippi
Intussusception is the most common cause of intestinal obstruction and acute abdomen in the first year of life. Approximately in the 80% of cases intussusception occurs when the last ileal loop is pulled into the cecum, passing through the ileocecal valve, and finally resulting in the displacement of cecum in the upper abdominal. It could be related with mesenteric adenitis because enlarged lymph nodes, together with peristalsis, can serve as "lead point". Other forms of intussusception are ileo-ileal and colo-colic...
April 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458844/long-tract-ileocolic-intussusception-due-to-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-of-the-ileocecal-valve-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
E H Gruenberger, M Hassan, I Kratzke
Intussusception in adults lacks specific symptoms and is often diagnosed emergently when they present with obstruction. Though intussusception certainly varies in size and location, the increased likelihood of ischemia or obstruction make large intussusceptions very rare in the literature. A patient admitted to our facility for small bowel obstruction was found to have extensive intussusception from the right lower quadrant to the splenic flexure, where a lead point was identified. Histopathology revealed multiple satellite lesions surrounding the lead point tumor, which was found to be invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma of the ileocecal valve...
March 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434083/predictors-of-a-successful-outcome-for-infants-with-short-bowel-syndrome-a-30-year-single-institution-experience
#10
Tatsuru Kaji, Kazuhiko Nakame, Seiro Machigashira, Takafumi Kawano, Ryuta Masuya, Waka Yamada, Koji Yamada, Shun Onishi, Tomoe Moriguchi, Koshiro Sugita, Motoi Mukai, Satoshi Ieiri
PURPOSE: Short-bowel syndrome (SBS) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. We conducted this study to establish the predictors of survival and weaning off parenteral nutrition (PN). METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 16 SBS infants treated at our institution within a 30-year period. SBS was defined as a residual small-bowel length (RSBL) of <75 cm. Loss of the ileocecal valve (ICV), cholestasis (D-Bil >2.0 mg/dl), enterostomy, and RSBL were all evaluated...
April 22, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421109/bleeding-meckel-s-diverticulum-in-children-the-diagnostic-value-of-double-balloon-enteroscopy
#11
Lan-Lan Geng, Pei-Yu Chen, Qiang Wu, Hui-Wen Li, Ding-You Li, Min Yang, Si-Tang Gong
Background. Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is the most common congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value and safety of double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) for bleeding MD in children. Methods. We included consecutive children who were highly suspected of MD between 2012 and 2013. All patients underwent Meckel's scan. DBE was performed for patient with negative Meckel's scan. An exploratory laparoscopy was performed in children with positive Meckel's scan or DBE...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414997/successful-treatment-of-nonocclusive-mesenteric-ischemia-after-aortic-valve-replacement-with-continuous-arterial-alprostadil-infusion-a-case-report
#12
Kunio Ogi, Masamitsu Sanui, Yusuke Iizuka, Akinori Aomatsu, Ikue Nakashima, Kohei Hamamoto, Tomohisa Okochi, Alan K Lefor
INTRODUCTION: Nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) after surgery has an extremely poor prognosis with a mortality rate of 30-100%. We report a patient with NOMI following aortic valve replacement who failed to improve despite continuous intra-arterial infusion of papaverine, but was successfully treated with alprostadil (prostaglandin E1 [PGE1]) infusion. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient is a 77-year-old man who underwent aortic valve replacement. Due to elevated serum lactate levels five hours after intensive care unit admission, superior mesenteric arteriography was performed, establishing the diagnosis of NOMI...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401880/gallstone-ileus-a-case-treated-with-minilaparotomy-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
Francesco Zappia, Giovanni Petracca, Carlo Alessandro Talarico
Gallstone ileus is a rare complication of cholelithiasis which occurs in less than 1% of patients and is the cause of 1- 4% of cases of small bowel obstruction. The pathogenesis involves the formation of a bilioenteric fistula. We report the case of gallstone ileus in an 81-year old woman with typical abdominal pain, arterial hypertension and coronary artery disease. An abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan showed pneumobilia, dilated loops of small bowel and an ectopic gallstone obstructing the intestinal lumen...
March 29, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315903/reconsideration-of-the-primary-and-secondary-diagnostic-criteria-of-meckel-s-diverticulum-scintigraphy-a-study-of-93-confirmed-cases
#14
Ha Wu, Xiaofei Zhao, Yiwei Li, Ruifang Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Meckel's diverticulum scintigraphy (MDS) is a common method for diagnosing ectopic gastric mucosa (EGM), but atypical images are difficult to diagnose. This study aimed to improve the understanding of the existing diagnostic criteria through a review of confirmed cases. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 352 patients underwent MDS. Among 120 patients with a positive diagnosis, 106 underwent surgery. This study analyzed the imaging presentation, surgical records, and pathological results...
January 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298482/movement-disorder-associated-with-foreign-body-ingestion
#15
Olugbenga Akingbola, Dinesh Singh, Uwe Blecker
We present a case of recurrent bouts of irritability with arching, head extension, and lethargy in a previously healthy 10-month-old girl admitted to the PICU for acute onset of a movement disorder. The patient's vital signs and physical examination were unremarkable but recurrent bouts of abnormal movements persisted for the first 10 hours of admission in the PICU. Possible diagnoses, such as meningitis, status epilepticus, space occupying lesions, and toxic ingestions, were ruled out because of negative cerebrospinal fluid analysis, normal EEG, and negative results of other ancillary tests...
April 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295515/two-cases-of-melanomas-paradoxically-metastasizing-to-the-intestinal-tract-during-nivolumab-therapy
#16
Hajime Miyazawa, Teruki Yanagi, Yasuyuki Yamaguchi, Keisuke Imafuku, Shinya Kitamura, Hiroo Hata, Jiro Uehara, Nobuki Ichikawa, Yosuke Ohno, Tadashi Yoshida, Shigenori Homma, Hideki Kawamura, Akinobu Taketomi, Hiroshi Shimizu
We report two cases of melanomas in patients who developed intestinal metastasis despite other metastatic sites responding to nivolumab and despite the patients having favorable findings such as vitiligo and normal lactate dehydrogenase. The first case is an 85-year-old man who had been administrated nivolumab for lung/cutaneous metastases. After 22 courses of nivolumab therapy, fever and anorexia had appeared and his bodyweight had decreased. An intussusception on the ileocecal valve was revealed by computed tomography, and emergency surgery revealed metastatic lesions on the colon...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280983/the-influence-of-specific-technical-maneuvers-utilized-in-the-creation-of-diverting-loop-ileostomies-on-stoma-related-morbidity
#17
Masaaki Miyo, Ichiro Takemasa, Masataka Ikeda, Masaki Tujie, Junichi Hasegawa, Masayuki Ohue, Takeshi Kato, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
PURPOSE: The association between technical maneuvers in fashioning a diverting loop-ileostomy and stoma-related complications remains unclear. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate their relevance to stoma-related morbidity. METHODS: This retrospective multicenter study was designed to collect data from 37 institutions. We evaluated the perioperative outcomes of consecutive patients who underwent surgery to create a diverting loop-ileostomy in 2013. RESULTS: A total of 4137 patients with colorectal disease underwent colorectomy, 279 of whom received an ileostomy...
March 9, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278439/a-case-of-single-incision-laparoscopic-surgery-for-a-bleeding-meckel-s-diverticulum-diagnosed-pre-operatively-by-double-balloon-endoscopy
#18
Toshio Shiraishi, Tetsuro Tominaga, Takashi Nonaka, Kouki Wakata, Masaki Kunizaki, Shuichi Tobinaga, Yorihisa Sumida, Shigekazu Hidaka, Naoe Kinoshita, Terumitsu Sawai, Takeshi Nagayasu
INTRODUCTION:  Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is a congenital true diverticulum that is residual yolk duct tissue, and some cases with complications require surgery. It has been reported that laparoscopic surgery is effective for patients with an MD. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 79-year-old man with melena visited our hospital. Upper gastrointestinal series and colonoscopy showed no bleeding lesion. Double-balloon endoscopy was then performed to examine the small intestine...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271948/successful-adalimumab-treatment-and-usefulness-of-capsule-endoscopy-for-gut-inflammation-concomitant-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#19
Shinji Ota, Hirotake Sakuraba, Hiroto Hiraga, Keisuke Hasui, Miwa Satake, Norihiro Hanabata, Yui Akemoto, Rina Watanabe, Nahoko Tanaka, Yoh Ishiguro, Masanori Tanaka, Shinsaku Fukuda
Here we describe a 20-year-old man with ankylosing spondylitis and gut inflammation, who was successfully treated with adalimumab. Capsule endoscopy and ileocolonoscopy showed multiple erosions and aphthoid ulcers in the ileum and the ileocecal valve. Immunohistochemical analysis of the terminal ileum demonstrated that the number of IL-23p19 expressing macrophages was increased. Adalimumab was administered, and his back pain and abdominal symptoms improved. Adalimumab might be an effective treatment for gut inflammation related to ankylosing spondylitis...
March 8, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271148/emergency-surgery-for-obstructing-colonic-cancer-a-comparison-between-right-sided-and-left-sided-lesions
#20
J-L Faucheron, B Paquette, B Trilling, B Heyd, S Koch, G Mantion
PURPOSE: Few studies compare management and outcomes of obstructive colonic cancer, depending on the tumor site. We aim to evaluate the differences in patient characteristics, tumor characteristics, and outcomes of emergency surgery for obstructive right-sided versus left-sided colonic cancers. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2009, 71 consecutive patients had an emergency colectomy following strict and clear definition of obstruction in a single institution. We retrospectively analyzed pre, per, and postoperative data that were prospectively collected...
March 7, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
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