keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anesthesia addict

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790356/moderate-hypothermia-and-its-effects-in-reducing-the-applied-dose-of-anesthetics-for-patients-with-opium-dependence-in-cardiac-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Reza Jalaian Taghadomi, Ebrahim Golmakani, Kambiz Alizadeh, Behrooz Mottahedi, Ali Rahdari, Shima Sheybani
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of patients addicted to opium are experiencing awareness during coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) as a result of tolerance to anesthetics. OBJECTIVES: This research was primarily intended to determine the potential diminishing effects of moderate hypothermia on anesthetic dosage and recall of anesthesia during the procedure. METHODS: In this double-blind randomized controlled trial, a total of 80 CABG candidates with known addiction to opium were divided into two groups: one normothermic (N) and the other moderately hypothermic (H), both undergoing induction as well as close monitoring from September 2014 to January 2016...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579281/the-cortisol-level-and-its-relationship-with-depression-stress-and-anxiety-indices-in-chronic-methamphetamine-dependent-patients-and-normal-individuals-undergoing-inguinal-hernia-surgery
#2
Bijan Pirnia, Fatemeh Givi, Rasool Roshan, Kambiz Pirnia, Ali Akbar Soleimani
BACKGROUND: Stimulants addition and abuse can cause some functional and morphological changes in the normal function of glands and hormones. Methamphetamine as an addictive stimulant drug affects the Hypothalamic- pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and consequently makes some changes in the psychological state of the drug users. The present study aims to examine the relationship between plasma levels of cortisol with depression, stress and anxiety symptoms in chronic methamphetamine-dependent patients and normal individuals who have undergone the inguinal hernia surgery...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564553/mechanisms-for-research-support
#3
Philipp Houck, Manon Hache, Jennifer Busse
During the second day of the Pediatric Anesthesia NeuroDevelopment Assessment (PANDA) symposium 2016, 3 invited speakers focused on future directions for the PANDA group. This session, entitled "The Way Forward," included 3 talks on how other groups have organized through public-private partnerships (ACTTION), obtained NIH funding, and how to better communicate a research message. Dr Robert H. Dworkin spoke on the mission of the Analgesic, Anesthetic, and Addiction Clinical Trial Translations, Innovations, Opportunities and Networks (ACTTION), which is a public-private partnership with the United States Food and Drug Administration that pushes forward research related to pain and analgesics...
October 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460517/parental-smoking-and-children-undergoing-anesthesia-is-there-a-role-for-pediatric-hospitals-in-smoking-cessation
#4
Krista Niedermeier, Cynthia S Selleck
PURPOSE: Pediatric hospitals within the Children's Hospital Association were surveyed to determine their tobacco cessation efforts for parents/patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: Electronic surveys were sent to 75 anesthesia providers and/or preoperative surgery specialists at 41 facilities. RESULTS: A total of 52 completed surveys were returned. The majority (97%) of facilities were smoke-free, and 68% included preoperative questions about parental smoking and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure...
October 2016: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378852/social-isolation-blunted-the-response-of-mesocortical-dopaminergic-neurons-to-chronic-ethanol-voluntary-intake
#5
Valeria Lallai, Letizia Manca, Laura Dazzi
Previous studies have shown that stress can increase the response of mesolimbic dopaminergic neurons to acute administration of drugs of abuse included ethanol. In this study, we investigated the possible involvement of the mesocortical dopaminergic pathway in the development of ethanol abuse under stress conditions. To this aim we trained both socially isolated (SI) and group housed (GH) rats to self administer ethanol which was made available only 2 ha day (from 11:00 to 13:00 h). Rats have been trained for 3 weeks starting at postnatal day 35...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343782/evaluation-of-spinal-anesthesia-blockade-time-with-0-5-hyperbaric-bupivacaine-with-or-without-sufentanil-in-chronic-opioid-users-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Mostafa Sadeghi, Reza Atef Yekta, Omid Azimaraghi, Gilda Barzin, Ali Movafegh
OBJECTIVE: The primary outcome of this study was to evaluate the effect of adding sufentanil to hyperbaric bupivacaine on duration of sensory blockade of spinal anesthesia in chronic opioid users in comparison with non-addicts. METHODS: Sixty patients scheduled for orthopedic surgery under spinal anesthesia were allocated into four groups: group 1 (no history of opium use who received intrathecal hyperbaric bupivacaine along with 1mL saline as placebo); group 2 (no history of opium use who received intrathecal bupivacaine along with 1mL sufentanil [5μg]); group 3 (positive history of opium use who received intrathecal bupivacaine along with 1mL saline as placebo) and group 4 (positive history of opium use who received intrathecal bupivacaine along with 1mL sufentanil [5μg])...
July 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27321205/neural-response-differences-in-the-rat-primary-auditory-cortex-under-anesthesia-with-ketamine-versus-the-mixture-of-medetomidine-midazolam-and-butorphanol
#7
Hisayuki Osanai, Takashi Tateno
Anesthesia affects central auditory processing. However, it is unclear to what extent the choice of anesthetic agent affects neural responses to sound stimulation. A mixture of three anesthetics (medetomidine, midazolam and butorphanol; MMB) was recently developed as an alternative to ketamine owing to the latter's addictive potential, yet the effect of this combination of anesthetics on neural responses is not known. Here, we compared the spontaneous activity, tuning properties and temporal responses of primary auditory cortical neurons under these two anesthetic conditions, using electrophysiological and flavoprotein autofluorescence imaging methods...
September 2016: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200514/changes-in-potassium-concentration-during-opioid-antagonist-induction-comparison-of-two-randomized-clinical-trials
#8
Robertas Badaras, Tomas Jovaisa, Sarunas Judickas, Juozas Ivaskevicius
OBJECTIVES: Opioid antagonist induction under general anesthesia or heavy sedation has been criticized due to its associated morbidity and mortality. Information on the potential causes of these complications is limited. We aimed to compare electrolyte concentration changes during rapid opioid antagonist induction under general anesthesia and conscious sedation, and to find out whether these changes are associated with cardiovascular complications. METHODS: We used a pooled database analysis of 2 prospective randomized controlled clinical trials carried out in Lithuania between 2002 and 2014...
July 2016: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27155781/-evaluation-of-spinal-anesthesia-blockade-time-with-0-5-hyperbaric-bupivacaine-with-or-without-sufentanil-in-chronic-opioid-users-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Mostafa Sadeghi, Reza Atef Yekta, Omid Azimaraghi, Gilda Barzin, Ali Movafegh
OBJECTIVE: The primary outcome of this study was to evaluate the effect of adding sufentanil to hyperbaric bupivacaine on duration of sensory blockade of spinal anesthesia in chronic opioid users in comparison with non-addicts. METHODS: Sixty patients scheduled for orthopedic surgery under spinal anesthesia were allocated into four groups: group 1 (no history of opium use who received intrathecal hyperbaric bupivacaine along with 1mL saline as placebo); group 2 (no history of opium use who received intrathecal bupivacaine along with 1mL sufentanil [5μg]); group 3 (positive history of opium use who received intrathecal bupivacaine along with 1mL saline as placebo) and group 4 (positive history of opium use who received intrathecal bupivacaine along with 1mL sufentanil [5μg])...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110524/intrathecal-dexmedetomidine-and-fentanyl-as-adjuvant-to-bupivacaine-on-duration-of-spinal-block-in-addicted-patients
#10
Farhad Safari, Reza Aminnejad, Seyed Amir Mohajerani, Farshad Farivar, Kamran Mottaghi, Hasan Safdari
BACKGROUND: Addicted patients have innate tolerance to local anesthetics in both neuraxial and peripheral blocks. Dexmedetomidine (Dex) is a highly selective α2 adrenergic receptor agonist used as additive to increase quality and duration of peripheral nerve blocks. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to compare the effect of dexmedetomidine and fentanyl additives on bupivacaine to prolong the duration of block and minimizing side effects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were candidates for elective surgery less than three hours of lower abdomen or lower extremities surgeries...
February 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26885357/what-is-the-main-reason-for-reduction-in-duration-of-action-of-local-anesthetics-used-for-spinal-anesthesia-in-opium-addicted-patients
#11
Samaneh Kouzehgaran, Amir Saber-Tanha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26879874/new-pain-management-options-for-the-surgical-patient-on-methadone-and-buprenorphine
#12
Sudipta Sen, Sailesh Arulkumar, Elyse M Cornett, Julie A Gayle, Ronda R Flower, Charles J Fox, Alan D Kaye
Perioperative management of patients receiving opioid addiction therapy presents a unique challenge for the anesthesiologist. The goal of pain management in this patient population is to effectively manage postoperative pain, to improve patient satisfaction and outcomes, and to reduce the cost of health care. Multimodal analgesics, including nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs, intravenous acetaminophen, gabapentanoid agents, and low-dose ketamine infusions, have been used to improve postoperative pain and to reduce postoperative opioid use...
March 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26473101/effects-of-clonidine-premedication-on-intraoperative-blood-loss-in-patients-with-and-without-opium-addiction-during-elective-femoral-fracture-surgeries
#13
Davood Ommi, Houman Teymourian, Alireza Zali, Farzad Ashrafi, Morteza Jabbary Moghaddam, Alireza Mirkheshti
BACKGROUND: Opium is an addictive agent and one of the most common narcotics With great challenges of intraoperative hemodynamic instabilities. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to assess the effects of clonidine on intraoperative blood loss in patients with and without opium addiction in femoral fracture surgeries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a randomized clinical trial, 160 candidates for elective femoral fracture operations under general anesthesia were divided into four groups of 40 subjects: group 1 (placebo 1), subjects without addiction received placebo 90 minutes before the operation; group 2 (placebo 2), patients with opium addiction received placebo as group 1; group 3 (Clonidine 1), patients without addiction received clonidine 90 minutes before the operation and group 4 (Clonidine 2), patients with opium addiction received clonidine as premedication...
August 2015: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26376284/dexmedetomidine-induces-conditioned-place-preference-in-rats-involvement-of-opioid-receptors
#14
Tuğçe Uskur, M Aydın Barlas, A Gökhan Akkan, Andleeb Shahzadi, Tayfun Uzbay
Dexmedetomidine (DEX) is an alpha-2 adrenergic agonist drug recently introduced to anesthesia practice. Certain agents used in anesthesia practice have been associated with abuse and addiction problems; however, few studies have investigated the role of DEX on addictive processes. Here, the effects and possible mechanisms of action of DEX on conditioned place preference (CPP), a model used for measuring the rewarding effects of drug abuse in rats, was investigated. The CPP apparatus was considered "biased" as the animals preferred the grid side to the mesh side...
January 1, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26314411/-treatment-concept-for-a-traumatic-lesion-of-the-prepatellar-bursa
#15
P Kaiser, G Schmidle, C Raas, M Blauth
OBJECTIVE: Rapid recovery of the skin and soft tissue of the affected knee joint with surgical debridement of the wound and gentle, as well as risk-balanced partial resection of the traumatic lacerated prepatellar bursa. Functional aftercare with directed administration of antibiotics only. INDICATIONS: Acute, traumatic laceration of the prepatellar bursa. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Heavy contamination of the wound. Large, not closable skin defect or deep abrasion...
October 2015: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26238960/-airway-management-in-ludwig-s-angina-a-challenge-case-report
#16
Roberto Taboada Fellini, Daniel Volquind, Otávio Haygert Schnor, Marcelo Gustavo Angeletti, Olívia Egger de Souza
BACKGROUND: Ludwig's angina (LA) is an infection of the submandibular space, first described by Wilhelm Frederick von Ludwig in 1836. It represents an entity difficult to manage due to the rapid progression and difficulty in maintaining airway patency, a major challenge in medical practice, resulting in asphyxia and death in 8-10% of patients. OBJECTIVE: Describe a case of a patient with Ludwig's angina undergoing surgery, with emphasis on airway management, in addition to reviewing the articles published in the literature on this topic...
July 31, 2015: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26147414/-the-addicted-patient-in-anaesthesia-benzodiazepine-dependence
#17
REVIEW
Caren Tietz, Christof Maria Strang
As a result of the demographic change, the proportions of elderly patients undergoing operations and anesthesia are increasingly important. The consumption of benzodiazepines evidently rises with increasing age. Associated with the increasing consumption in the elderly is the risk of cognitive impairment, delirium, falls and fractures. Also long-term benzodiazepine use in low-dose may induce perioperative withdrawal syndrome. The following article will present characteristics and complications accompanied by critical benzodiazepine use especially in the elderly patients...
June 2015: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26147413/-the-addicted-patient-in-anaesthesia-benzodiazepine-dependence
#18
REVIEW
Christine Schneemilch, Michael Brinkers
As a result of the demographic change, the proportions of elderly patients undergoing operations and anesthesia are increasingly important. The consumption of benzodiazepines evidently rises with increasing age. Associated with the increasing consumption in the elderly is the risk of cognitive impairment, delirium, falls and fractures. Also long-term benzodiazepine use in low-dose may induce perioperative withdrawal syndrome. The following article will present characteristics and complications accompanied by critical benzodiazepine use especially in the elderly patients...
June 2015: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26147412/-the-addicted-patient-in-anaesthesia-screening-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-alcohol-use-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Tim Neumann
Patients consuming > 60g/d of alcohol (e.g. 1.5l of beer), are 2-5 times more likely to suffer post-operative complications such as infectious, bleeding or cardiac complications or an alcohol withdrawal syndrome. By screening and a systematic evaluation risk patients can be identified that may benefit from interventions such as counseling, brief interventions, abstinence, tailored anesthesia, prophylactic treatment of withdrawal symptoms, stress reduction, harm reduction, psychosocial therapy, addiction therapy, multidisciplinary treatment...
June 2015: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26088120/off-label-use-of-medications-for-treatment-of-benzodiazepine-use-disorder
#20
REVIEW
Pamela Sabioni, Jonathan Bertram, Bernard Le Foll
There is a high rate of benzodiazepine use in the population. Benzodiazepines are used for multiple indications (anxiety, seizures, alcohol withdrawal, muscular relaxation and anesthesia). Benzodiazepines are also addictive substances and a non-negligible fraction of regular users will develop dependence. There is currently no approved pharmacotherapy for benzodiazepine use disorder treatment and optimal strategies for treatment are unclear. In this review, we aimed to summarize the findings on off-label pharmacologic therapy that have been used for BZD dependence...
2015: Current Pharmaceutical Design
keyword
keyword
11585
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"