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Music anesthesia

Michael A Frölich, Catiffaney Banks, Timothy J Ness
BACKGROUND: Every day, millions of people undergo surgical procedures facilitated by anesthesia. Yet, there is no clinically accepted measure to predict the effects of sedation or anesthesia on the central nervous system. Auditory brain activation may provide an objective and quantifiable method to measure of the effects of sedation on neuronal processing. METHODS: This is a randomized clinical trial. Forty-eight healthy volunteers were randomly assigned to receive 1 of 3 sedative drugs (midazolam [n = 11], propofol [n = 12], or dexmedetomidine [n = 12]) at a concentration adjusted to achieve mild sedation by self-rating, or to a no-drug control group (n = 13)...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Nurullah Hamidi, Erdem Ozturk
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of listening to music on pain, anxiety, and success of procedure during office-based percutaneous nephrostomy tube placement (PNTP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients (age >18 years) with hydronephrosis were prospectively enrolled in this study. All patients were prospectively randomized to undergo office-based PNTP with (Group I, n = 50) or without music (Group II, n = 50). Anxiety levels were evaluated with State Trait Anxiety Inventory...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Endourology
Neha Gupta, Himanshu Gupta, Prahlad Gupta, Nidhi Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Behavior management and reducing anxiety and pain are very important for success of treatment. Hence, apart from pharmacological management, such as conscious sedation, nonpharmacological interventions like music play a significant role. This study aims to evaluate the effects of music in reducing anxiety, pain, and behavior management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at the Department of Pedodontics in 2015. It consisted of 60 patients, age ranging from 3 to 7 years, who required dental treatment with local anesthesia...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Jianguo Cui, Bicheng Zhu, Guangzhan Fang, Ed Smith, Steven E Brauth, Yezhong Tang
Anesthesia is known to affect the auditory brainstem response (ABR) in mice, rats, birds and lizards. The present study investigated how the level of anesthesia affects ABR recordings in an amphibian species, Babina daunchina. To do this, we compared ABRs evoked by tone pip stimuli recorded from 35 frogs when Tricaine methane sulphonate (MS-222) anesthetic immersion times varied from 0, 5 and 10 minutes after anesthesia induction at sound frequencies between 0.5 and 6 kHz. ABR thresholds increased significantly with immersion time across the 0...
2017: PloS One
Dan M Drzymalski, Lawrence C Tsen, Arvind Palanisamy, Jie Zhou, Chuan-Chin Huang, Bhavani S Kodali
BACKGROUND: Although music is frequently used to promote a relaxing environment during labor and delivery, the effect of its use during the placement of neuraxial techniques is unknown. Our study sought to determine the effects of music use on laboring parturients during epidural catheter placement, with the hypothesis that music use would result in lower anxiety, lower pain, and greater patient satisfaction. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled trial of laboring parturients undergoing epidural catheter placement with or without music...
February 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Adam C Adler, Emily R Schwartz, Jennifer M Waters, Paul A Stricker
Anesthetic management of the child with an anterior mediastinal mass is challenging. The surgical/procedural goal typically is to obtain a definitive tissue diagnosis to guide treatment; the safest approach to anesthesia is often one that alters cardiorespiratory physiology the least. In severe cases, this may translate to little or no systemic sedatives/analgesics. Distraction techniques, designed to shift attention away from procedure-related pain (such as counting, listening to music, non-procedure-related talk), may be of great benefit, allowing for avoidance of pharmaceuticals...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Kathryn L Kreicher, Jeremy S Bordeaux
Importance: Cutaneous surgery is performed by otolaryngologists, plastic surgeons, oculoplastic surgeons, dermatologic surgeons, and some primary care physicians. Practice gaps exist among cutaneous surgeons, as do differences in how different physicians approach preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative decision-making. Objective: To present the newest and best evidence to close common practice gaps in cutaneous surgery. Evidence Review: We performed a detailed search of peer-reviewed publications that were identified through a search of PubMed/MEDLINE (January 1, 2000, through June 30, 2016) using the literature search terms "cutaneous surgery," "Mohs micrographic surgery," "plastic surgery," in combination with "safety," "cost," "anesthesia," "anti-coagulation," "bleeding," "pain," "analgesia," "anxiety," or "infection," among others...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
D Wiwatwongwana, P Vichitvejpaisal, L Thaikruea, J Klaphajone, A Tantong, A Wiwatwongwana
PurposeTo investigate the anxiolytic effects of binaural beat embedded audio in patients undergoing cataract surgery under local anesthesia.MethodsThis prospective RCT included 141 patients undergoing cataract surgery under local anesthesia. The patients were randomized into three groups; the Binaural beat music group (BB), the plain music intervention group (MI), and a control group (ear phones with no music). Blood pressure (BP) and heart rate were measured on admission, at the beginning of and 20 min after the start of the operation...
November 2016: Eye
Chompunoot Kongsawatvorakul, Chuenkamon Charakorn, Krissada Paiwattananupant, Navamol Lekskul, Sasivimol Rattanasiri, Arb-Aroon Lertkhachonsuk
BACKGROUND: Many studies have pointed to strategies to cope with patient anxiety in colposcopy. Evidence shows that patients experienced considerable distress with the large loop excision of transformation zone (LLETZ) procedure and suitable interventions should be introduced to reduce anxiety. This study aimed to investigate the effects of music therapy in patients undergoing LLETZ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with patients undergoing LLETZ performed under local anesthesia in an out patient setting at Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand, from February 2015 to January 2016...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Elaheh Mottahedian Tabrizi, Hedayat Sahraei, Saeid Movahhedi Rad, Ebrahim Hajizadeh, Marziyeh Lak
Surgical procedures performed using spinal anesthetic techniques present a special challenge to anesthesiologists, because patients are awake and are exposed to multiple anxiety provoking visual and auditory stimuli. Therefore, this study was carried out to define the effect of music on the level of cortisol, blood glucose and physiological variables in patients under spinal anesthesia. In this semi-experimental research, 90 men aging from 18-48 years with ASA (acetylsalicylic acid) class I, who underwent urological and abdominal surgery, were investigated...
2012: EXCLI journal
Galina Kipnis, Nili Tabak, Silvia Koton
BACKGROUND: Contemporary medicine and nursing use music to stabilize mood, relieve tension and anxiety, and achieve higher treatment efficiency. Preoperative anxiety may be responsible for cognitive and behavioral changes affecting treatment efficiency. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of background music on preoperative anxiety in elective surgery patients and on noise levels in the surgery waiting room. DESIGN: One hundred fifty-nine elective surgery patients were divided into an intervention group (n = 82) and a control group (n = 77)...
June 2016: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
Li-Pin Chiu, Heng-Hsin Tung, Kuan-Chia Lin, Yu-Wei Lai, Yi-Chun Chiu, Saint Shiou-Sheng Chen, Allen W Chiu
BACKGROUND: To assess the utilization of stress management in relieving anxiety and pain among patients who undergo transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy of the prostate. METHODS: Eighty-two patients admitted to a community hospital for a TRUS biopsy of the prostate participated in this case-controlled study. They were divided into an experimental group that was provided with stress management and a control group that received only routine nursing care. Stress management included music therapy and one-on-one simulation education...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Diana Vetter, Jürgen Barth, Sema Uyulmaz, Semra Uyulmaz, René Vonlanthen, Giulio Belli, Marco Montorsi, Henri Bismuth, Claudia M Witt, Pierre-Alain Clavien
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of art including ambient features such as music, interior design including visual art, and architectural features on health outcomes in surgical patients. BACKGROUND: Healing environments can have a positive influence on many patients, but data focusing on art in surgical patients remain scarce. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search following the PRISMA guidelines from January 2000 to October 2014 on art in surgical patients...
November 2015: Annals of Surgery
Senem Yildirim, Başak Akça, Aysun Ankay Yilbaş, Ayse Heves Karagöz, Özgür Canbay, Nalan Çelebi, Turgay Öcal
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of listening to the mother's heartbeat and womb sounds on the depth of anaesthesia in children. METHODS: The present study included 40 children scheduled for minor surgery under general anaesthesia, with an American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) status of 1 to 2. Anaesthesia was induced with sevoflurane, and maintained with sevoflurane and oxygen in nitrous oxide. Patients were randomly divided into two groups...
June 2015: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
Yukio Goto
Pain signaling is achieved by electrical impulses in the body; however, some electrical abnormalities can cause pain in the body without generating any visible symptoms. This phenomenon is sensed by the brain and a signal that may affect cardiac rhythms is immediately transmitted to the heart. To evaluate heart rate variability (HRV), the balance correction between an increase and decrease of heart rate was recorded in real time. Using a special method for spectral-analysis of the HRV, techniques for analyzing the essence of pain were developed, namely, the 'Balance index' and the '3D spectrum evaluation method'...
July 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Jaclyn Bradley Palmer, Deforia Lane, Diane Mayo, Mark Schluchter, Rosemary Leeming
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of live and recorded perioperative music therapy on anesthesia requirements, anxiety levels, recovery time, and patient satisfaction in women experiencing surgery for diagnosis or treatment of breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2012 and 2014, 207 female patients undergoing surgery for potential or known breast cancer were randomly assigned to receive either patient-selected live music (LM) preoperatively with therapist-selected recorded music intraoperatively (n=69), patient-selected recorded music (RM) preoperatively with therapist-selected recorded music intraoperatively (n=70), or usual care (UC) preoperatively with noise-blocking earmuffs intraoperatively (n=68)...
October 1, 2015: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Vassilis Athanassoglou, Anna Wallis, Svetlana Galitzine
Lower limb orthopedic operations are frequently performed under regional anesthesia, which allows avoidance of potential side effects and complications of general anesthesia and sedation. Often though, patients feel anxious about being awake during operations. To decrease intraoperative anxiety, we use multimedia equipment consisting of a tablet device, noise-canceling headphones, and a makeshift frame, where patients can listen to music, watch movies, or occupy themselves in numerous ways. These techniques have been extensively studies in minimally invasive, short, or minor procedures but not in prolonged orthoplastic operations...
November 2015: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Marianne J E van der Heijden, Sadaf Oliai Araghi, Monique van Dijk, Johannes Jeekel, M G Myriam Hunink
OBJECTIVE: Music interventions are widely used, but have not yet gained a place in guidelines for pediatric surgery or pediatric anesthesia. In this systematic review and meta-analysis we examined the effects of music interventions on pain, anxiety and distress in children undergoing invasive surgery. DATA SOURCES: We searched 25 electronic databases from their first available date until October 2014. STUDY SELECTION: Included were all randomized controlled trials with a parallel group, crossover or cluster design that included pediatric patients from 1 month to 18 years old undergoing minimally invasive or invasive surgical procedures, and receiving either live music therapy or recorded music...
2015: PloS One
Anne Manyande, Allan M Cyna, Peggy Yip, Cheryl Chooi, Philippa Middleton
BACKGROUND: Induction of general anaesthesia can be distressing for children. Non-pharmacological methods for reducing anxiety and improving co-operation may avoid the adverse effects of preoperative sedation. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of non-pharmacological interventions in assisting induction of anaesthesia in children by reducing their anxiety, distress or increasing their co-operation. SEARCH METHODS: In this updated review we searched CENTRAL (the Cochrane Library 2012, Issue 12) and searched the following databases from inception to 15 January 2013: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO and Web of Science...
July 14, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Masashi Mizumoto, Yoshiko Oshiro, Kaoru Ayuzawa, Toshio Miyamoto, Toshiyuki Okumura, Takashi Fukushima, Hiroko Fukushima, Hitoshi Ishikawa, Koji Tsuboi, Hideyuki Sakurai
PURPOSE: Anesthesia is often used in proton beam therapy (PBT) for pediatric patients and this may prolong the treatment time. The aim of the study was to examine preparation of pediatric patients to allow smooth performance of PBT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Preparation was initiated 1-2days before treatment planning CT and continued for 10days. The patient first visited the facility to become familiar with the treatment room and staff. As the second step, the patient stayed in the treatment bed for a certain time with their mother, and then stayed on the treatment bed alone...
February 2015: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
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