keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Probiotic microbiota

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815036/bacterial-stimuli-activate-nitric-oxide-colonic-mucosal-production-in-diverticular-disease-protective-effects-of-l-casei-dg%C3%A2-lactobacillus-paracasei-cncm-i-1572
#1
Fabio Turco, Paolo Andreozzi, Ilaria Palumbo, Francesco Paolo Zito, Martina Cargiolli, Walter Fiore, Nicola Gennarelli, Giovanni Domenico De Palma, Giovanni Sarnelli, Rosario Cuomo
BACKGROUND: Micro-inflammation and changes in gut microbiota may play a role in the pathogenesis of diverticular disease (DD). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to evaluate the expression of nitric oxide (NO)-related mediators and S100B in colonic mucosa of patients with DD in an ex vivo model of bacterial infection. METHODS: Intestinal biopsies obtained from patients with diverticulosis, symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (SUDD) and SUDD with previous acute diverticulitis (SUDD+AD) were stimulated with the probiotic L...
August 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806201/brain-gut-microbiota-axis-and-mental-health
#2
Timothy G Dinan, John F Cryan
OBJECTIVE: The brain-gut-microbiota axis has been put forward as a new paradigm in neuroscience, which may be of relevance to mental illness. The mechanisms of signal transmission in the brain-gut-microbiota axis are complex and involve bidirectional communications which enables gut microbes to communicate with the brain, and the brain to communicate with the microbes. This review assesses the potential usefulness and limitations of the paradigm. METHODS: A selective literature review was conducted to evaluate the current knowledge in clinical and pre-clinical brain-gut-microbiota interactions as related to psychiatric disorders...
August 11, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805460/case-study-of-homeopathic-bowel-nosode-remedies-for-dysbiotic-japanese-patients
#3
Yoko Uchiyama-Tanaka
BACKGROUND: The composition of intestinal microbiota is very important in human health. Gastrointestinal disturbances are among the symptoms commonly reported by individuals diagnosed with chronic diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease, autism, and chronic fatigue syndrome. The effects of probiotics and prebiotics for dysbiosis have been reported in many studies. Bowel nosodes are homeopathic remedies made from human gut microbiota. OBJECTIVE: Bowel nosodes made from the intestinal bacteria of European patients from the 1900s were administered to Japanese patients suffering from gastrointestinal disturbances, such as constipation and diarrhea, to determine their therapeutic efficacy...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804459/metabolic-variability-of-a-multispecies-probiotic-preparation-impacts-on-the-anti-inflammatory-activity
#4
Michele Biagioli, Luca Laghi, Adriana Carino, Sabrina Cipriani, Eleonora Distrutti, Silvia Marchianò, Carola Parolin, Paolo Scarpelli, Beatrice Vitali, Stefano Fiorucci
Background: In addition to strain taxonomy, the ability of probiotics to confer beneficial effects on the host rely on a number of additional factors including epigenetic modulation of bacterial genes leading to metabolic variability and might impact on probiotic functionality. Aims: To investigate metabolism and functionality of two different batches of a probiotic blend commercialized under the same name in Europe in models of intestinal inflammation. Methods: Boxes of VSL#3, a probiotic mixture used in the treatment of pouchitis, were obtained from pharmacies in UK subjected to metabolomic analysis and their functionality tested in mice rendered colitis by treatment with DSS or TNBS...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803012/effect-of-fermented-milk-containing-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-sd11-on-oral-microbiota-of-healthy-volunteers-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
P Rungsri, N Akkarachaneeyakorn, M Wongsuwanlert, S Piwat, P Nantarakchaikul, R Teanpaisan
The aims of this study were to evaluate whether short-term consumption of fermented milk containing Lactobacillus rhamnosus SD11 affected levels of oral microbiota in vivo and whether L. rhamnosus SD11 could colonize in the human mouth. We also monitored for potential side effects of the probiotic. The applicability of using L. rhamnosus SD11 compared with Lactobacillus bulgaricus as a starter culture for fermented milk was evaluated. After informed consent, 43 healthy young adults were recruited and randomly assigned to either the probiotic or control group and received fermented milk containing L...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802582/label-free-quantitative-proteomic-analysis-of-lactobacillus-fermentum-ncdc-400-during-bile-salt-exposure
#6
Gurjeet Kaur, Syed Azmal Ali, Sudarshan Kumar, Ashok Kumar Mohanty, Pradip Behare
Lactobacillus fermentum NCDC 400 is a commonly used and a comprehensively studied probiotic organism. The distinctive capability to endure the harsh environment of the gastrointestinal tract owing to the presence of bile salts in gastric juice facilitates gut microbiota, especially the probiotic organisms to transiently inhabit the host gut. In the present study, Label-Free Quantification (LFQ) approach has been employed to analyze the expression pattern of Lactobacillus fermentum NCDC 400 strain proteins, under bile acid stress, using high-resolution mass spectrometer connected to nano-liquid chromatography (LC) system...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802306/ilsi-southeast-asia-region-conference-proceedings-the-gut-its-microbes-and-health-relevance-for-asia
#7
Yuan Kun Lee, Patricia Conway, Sven Pettersson, G Balakrish Nair, Ingrid Surono, Yusra Egayanti, Maria Sofia Amarra
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The human being is a complex entity, involving interaction between microbes and the human host. Evidence shows that the nutritional value of food is influenced in part by the structure and operations of an individual's gut microbial community, and food in turn shapes the individual's microbiome. A conference was held to promote understanding of the intestinal microbiome and its implications for health and disease, particularly among Asian populations. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Papers describing 1) the intestinal ecosystem in Asian populations, 2) changes in intestinal microbiota through life and its effects, 3) the Asian gut microbiota in disease conditions, 4) indigenous probiotics to maintain a healthy gut microbiota, 5) probiotic regulation in an Asian country, and 6) the results of a panel discussion are included in this report...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798730/characterization-of-the-culturable-subpopulations-of-lactobacillus-in-the-chicken-intestinal-tract-as-a-resource-for-probiotic-development
#8
Bishnu Adhikari, Young M Kwon
To gain better understanding of the distributions of the culturable Lactobacillus species in the chicken intestinal tract, we collected ceca, and distal ileum from 10 3-weeks-old broiler chickens. Lactobacillus strains from cecal lumen contents (M-CL), and those associated with mucosa of ceca (M-CM) and ileum (M-IM) were recovered on de Man, Rogosa and Sharpe (MRS) agar plates, and used for microbiota analysis. The total cecal content (T-CL) was also used directly for microbiota analysis. We purposefully focused on MRS-recovered populations to gain understanding of the culturable subpopulations of Lactobacillus, since the culturability is an important phenotype in order to exploit the chicken gut microbiota as a resource for development of probiotics...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797931/changes-in-the-gut-microbial-communities-following-addition-of-walnuts-to-the-diet
#9
Lauri O Byerley, Derrick Samuelson, Eugene Blanchard, Meng Luo, Brittany N Lorenzen, Shelia Banks, Monica A Ponder, David A Welsh, Christopher M Taylor
Walnuts are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, phytochemicals and antioxidants making them unique compared to other foods. Consuming walnuts has been associated with health benefits including a reduced risk of heart disease and cancer. Dysbiosis of the gut microbiome has been linked to several chronic diseases. One potential mechanism by which walnuts may exert their health benefit is through modifying the gut microbiome. This study identified the changes in the gut microbial communities that occur following the inclusion of walnuts in the diet...
July 9, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795339/impact-of-nasopharyngeal-microbiota-on-the-development-of-respiratory-tract-diseases
#10
REVIEW
S Esposito, N Principi
Knowledge of whether and how respiratory microbiota composition can prime the immune system and provide colonisation resistance, limiting consecutive pathobiont overgrowth and infections, is essential to improving the prevention and therapy of respiratory disorders. Modulation of dysbiotic ecosystems or reconstitution of missing microbes might be a possible measure to reduce respiratory diseases. The aim of this review is to analyse the role of nasopharyngeal microbiota in the development of respiratory tract disease in paediatric-age subjects...
August 9, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794630/probiotics-protect-mice-from-cocrmo-particles-induced-osteolysis
#11
Zhenheng Wang, Kaiwen Xue, Maosheng Bai, Zhantao Deng, Jingjing Gan, Gang Zhou, Hongbo Qian, Nirong Bao, Jianning Zhao
Wear particle-induced inflammatory osteolysis is the primary cause of aseptic loosening, which is the most common reason for total hip arthroplasty (THA) failure in the med- and long term. Recent studies have suggested an important role of gut microbiota (GM) in modulating the host metabolism and immune system, leading to alterations in bone mass. Probiotic bacteria administered in adequate amounts can alter the composition of GM and confer health benefits to the host. Given the inflammatory osteolysis that occurs in wear debris-induced prosthesis loosening, we examined whether the probiotic Lactobacillus casei could reduce osteolysis in a mouse calvarial resorption model...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792488/effect-of-lactobacillus-on-body-weight-and-body-fat-in-overweight-subjects-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials
#12
REVIEW
L Crovesy, M Ostrowski, D M T P Ferreira, E L Rosado, M Soares-Mota
Gut microbiota is important for maintaining body weight. Modulation of gut microbiota by probiotics may result in weight loss and thus help in obesity treatment. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effects of Lactobacillus on weight loss and/or fat mass in overweight adults. A search was performed on the Medline (PubMed) and Scopus electronic databases using the search terms: 'probiotics', 'Lactobacillus, 'obesity', 'body weight changes', 'weight loss', 'overweight', 'abdominal obesity', 'body composition', 'body weight', 'body fat' and 'fat mass'...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783248/coupling-metagenomics-with-cultivation-to-select-host-specific-probiotic-microorganisms-for-subtropical-aquaculture
#13
Jinming Cui, Minfeng Xiao, Mingzhu Liu, Zuowei Wang, Furong Liu, Liang Guo, Hailin Meng, Honggang Zhang, Jinfang Yang, Deng Deng, Shuangqiang Huang, Yingfei Ma, Chenli Liu
AIMS: To demonstrate a non-empirical workflow to select host-specific probiotics for aquaculture industry. METHODS AND RESULTS: By using both culture-dependent and -independent methods, we have systematically investigated, for the first time, the gut microbiota of twelve subtropical aquatic animal species. We found that the diversity, abundance, and distribution of gut microorganisms of these animals were host-specific, and that lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were predominant among the indigenous probiotic microbes...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782784/lactobacillus-casei-ccfm419-attenuates-type-2-diabetes-via-a-gut-microbiota-dependent-mechanism
#14
Gang Wang, Xiangfei Li, Jianxin Zhao, Hao Zhang, Wei Chen
Probiotics, as dietary supplements, transmit their major effects through the regulation of gut microbiota. According to a previous study, one possible mechanism of Lactobacillus casei CCFM419 protection against diabetes may involve gut flora. To test this hypothesis, high fat and streptozotocin-induced C57BL/6J mice were fed L. casei CCFM419 at 10(8), 10(9), and 10(10) colony forming units (CFU). Compared to untreated mice, 10(9) CFU of L. casei CCFM419 attenuated several symptoms of diabetes, including fasting blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose, glucose intolerance, and insulin resistance...
August 7, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780103/human-milk-oligosaccharide-consumption-by-probiotic-and-human-associated-bifidobacteria-and-lactobacilli
#15
Taksawan Thongaram, Jennifer L Hoeflinger, JoMay Chow, Michael J Miller
Human milk contains high concentrations of nondigestible complex oligosaccharides (human milk oligosaccharides; HMO) that reach the colon and are subsequently fermented by the infant gut microbiota. Using a high-throughput, low-volume growth determination, we evaluated the ability of 12 lactobacilli and 12 bifidobacteria strains, including several commercial probiotics, to ferment HMO and their constituent monomers. Of the 24 strains tested, only Bifidobacterium longum ssp. infantis ATCC 15697 and Bifidobacterium infantis M-63 were able to ferment 3'-sialyllactose, 6'-sialyllactose, 2'-fucosyllactose, and 3'-fucosyllactose...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777955/supplementation-of-lactobacilli-improves-growth-regulates-microbiota-composition-and-suppresses-skeletal-anomalies-in-juvenile-pike-perch-sander-lucioperca-reared-in-recirculating-aquaculture-system-ras-a-pilot-study
#16
Uros Ljubobratovic, Dejana Kosanovic, Goran Vukotic, Zsuzsanna Molnar, Nemanja Stanisavljevic, Tijana Ristovic, Geza Peter, Jovanka Lukic, Galina Jeney
This research aimed to test the effects of lactobacilli, applied to cultured pike-perch, either through hydrolyzed OTOHIME fish diet, or through Artemia nauplii, on fish growth, microbiota balance and skeletal development. On the 12th Day Post Hatching (DPH) fish were divided into following treatment groups: two groups received the combination of OTOHIME and nauplii enriched either with Lactobacillus paracasei BGHN14+Lactobacillus rhamnosus BGT10 or with Lactobacillus reuteri BGGO6-55+Lactobacillus salivarius BGHO1, and one group received OTOHIME hydrolyzed by BGHN14+BGT10 and non-enriched nauplii...
July 24, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776643/contributions-of-the-intestinal-microbiome-in-lung-immunity
#17
REVIEW
Jeremy P McAleer, Jay K Kolls
The intestine is a critical site of immune cell development that not only controls intestinal immunity but extra-intestinal immunity as well. Recent findings have highlighted important roles for gut microbiota in shaping lung inflammation. Here, we discuss interactions between the microbiota and immune system including T cells, protective effects of microbiota on lung infections, the role of diet in shaping the composition of gut microbiota and susceptibility to asthma, epidemiologic evidence implicating antibiotic use and microbiota in asthma and clinical trials investigating probiotics as potential treatments for atopy and asthma...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771949/synbiotic-approaches-to-human-health-and-well-being
#18
Thomas Gurry
Synbiotics refer to combinations of probiotics and prebiotics that act synergistically to confer health benefits to the host. As a therapeutic strategy, they provide a gentle yet powerful method for modulating the composition and metabolic output of the human gut microbiota. In the context of achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals, synbiotics have the potential to act as cost-effective prophylactic measures against a variety of human ailments, ranging from infant diarrhoea to metabolic and inflammatory diseases in adults, by maintaining commensal microbial communities and metabolic networks that are conducive to human health...
August 3, 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771826/lactobacillus-plantarum-bs22-promotes-gut-microbial-homeostasis-in-broiler-chickens-exposed-to-aflatoxin-b1
#19
Y Zeng, D Zeng, Y Zhang, X Q Ni, J Wang, P Jian, Y Zhou, Y Li, Z Q Yin, K C Pan, B Jing
Probiotics promote the health of the host by maintaining intestinal microbial homeostasis. This study aimed to investigate the benefits of Lactobacillus plantarum BS22 (LP) in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) microbial homeostasis of broiler chickens exposed to aflatoxin B1 using the PCR-DGGE, viable count and real-time PCR. The toxin adsorption experiment demonstrated that treatment R5 (1.0 × 10(8) CFU/g LP) exhibited good absorptive effect in adsorbing the aflatoxin B1 (AFB1 ) in vitro. DGGE showed that the composition and structure of gut microbiota were more similar in the mucosa than in the content of all the samples...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771569/disruption-in-the-cecal-microbiota-of-chickens-challenged-with-clostridium-perfringens-and-other-factors-was-alleviated-by-bacillus-licheniformis-supplementation
#20
Yicen Lin, Shuai Xu, Dong Zeng, Xueqin Ni, Mengjia Zhou, Yan Zeng, Hesong Wang, Yi Zhou, Hui Zhu, Kangcheng Pan, Guangyao Li
Clostridium perfringens can induce necrotic enteritis of chickens, which causes large economic losses every year. Bacillus licheniformis, a probiotic, can inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria such as Clostridium perfringens, thereby improving the health status of chickens. However, from a microbial ecology perspective, the mechanisms by which alterations to the gut microbiota improve health remain unknown. In this study, we used Illumina MiSeq sequencing to investigate the cecal microbiota of a negative control group (NC), a C...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
115840
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"