keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vietnam

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342390/household-contact-investigation-for-detection-of-tuberculosis-in-vietnam
#1
Greg J Fox, Nguyen V Nhung, Dinh N Sy, Nghiem L P Hoa, Le T N Anh, Nguyen T Anh, Nguyen B Hoa, Nguyen H Dung, Tran N Buu, Nguyen T Loi, Le T Nhung, Nguyen V Hung, Phan T Lieu, Nguyen K Cuong, Pham D Cuong, Jessica Bestrashniy, Warwick J Britton, Guy B Marks
Background Active case finding is a top priority for the global control of tuberculosis, but robust evidence for its effectiveness in high-prevalence settings is lacking. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of household-contact investigation, as compared with standard, passive measures alone, in Vietnam. Methods We performed a cluster-randomized, controlled trial at clinics in 70 districts (local government areas with an average population of approximately 500,000 in urban areas and 100,000 in rural areas) in eight provinces of Vietnam...
January 18, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342148/a-strong-summer-phytoplankton-bloom-southeast-of-vietnam-in-2007-a-transitional-year-from-el-ni%C3%A3-o-to-la-ni%C3%A3-a
#2
Hui Zhao, Jian Zhao, Xingli Sun, Fajin Chen, Guoqi Han
Summer upwelling occurs frequently off the southeast Vietnam coast in the western South China Sea (SCS), where summer phytoplankton blooms generally appear during June-August. In this study, we investigate inter-annual variation of Ekman pumping and offshore transport, and its modulation on summer blooms southeast of Vietnam. The results indicate that there are low intensities of summer blooms in El Niño years, under higher sea surface temperatures (SST) and weaker winds. However, a different pattern of monthly chlorophyll a (Chl-a) blooms occurred in summer of 2007, a transitional stage from El Niño to La Niña, with weak (strong) wind and high (low) SST before (after) early July...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341127/discrimination-of-geographical-origin-of-asian-garlic-using-isotopic-and-chemical-datasets-under-stepwise-principal-component-analysis
#3
Tsang-Sen Liu, Jhen-Nan Lin, Tsung-Ren Peng
Isotopic compositions of δ2 H, δ18 O, δ13 C, and δ15 N and concentrations of 22 trace elements from garlic samples were analyzed and processed with stepwise principal component analysis (PCA) to discriminate garlic's country of origin among Asian regions including South Korea, Vietnam, Taiwan, and China. Results indicate that there is no single trace-element concentration or isotopic composition that can accomplish the study's purpose and the stepwise PCA approach proposed does allow for discrimination between countries on a regional basis...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339926/using-a-chronic-hepatitis-b-registry-to-support-population-level-liver-cancer-prevention-in-sydney-australia
#4
Monica C Robotin, Ximena Masgoret, Mamta Porwal, David Goldsbury, Chee Khoo, Jacob George
Background: Approximately 1% of Australians have chronic hepatitis B (CHB), which disproportionately affects people born in hepatitis B-endemic countries. Currently, approximately half of the people affected remain undiagnosed and antiviral treatment uptake is suboptimal (~5%). This increases the likelihood of developing end-stage disease complications, particularly hepatocellular cancer (HCC), and largely accounts for the significant increases in HCC incidence and mortality in Australia over the last decades...
2018: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339825/corallivory-and-the-microbial-debacle-in-two-branching-scleractinians
#5
Yvan Bettarel, Sébastien Halary, Jean-Christophe Auguet, Thanh Chi Mai, Ngoc Van Bui, Thierry Bouvier, Patrice Got, Corinne Bouvier, Sonia Monteil-Bouchard, Desnues Christelle
The grazing activity by specific marine organisms represents a growing threat to the survival of many scleractinian species. For example, the recent proliferation of the corallivorous gastropod Drupella now constitutes a critical case in all South-East Asian waters. If the damaging effects caused by this marine snail on coral polyps are relatively well known, the indirect incidence of predation on coral microbial associates is still obscure and might also potentially impair coral health. In this study, we compared the main ecological traits of coral-associated bacterial and viral communities living in the mucus layer of Acropora formosa and Acropora millepora, of healthy and predated individuals (i...
January 16, 2018: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339515/mers-cov-and-h5n1-influenza-virus-antagonize-antigen-presentation-by-altering-the-epigenetic-landscape
#6
Vineet D Menachery, Alexandra Schäfer, Kristin E Burnum-Johnson, Hugh D Mitchell, Amie J Eisfeld, Kevin B Walters, Carrie D Nicora, Samuel O Purvine, Cameron P Casey, Matthew E Monroe, Karl K Weitz, Kelly G Stratton, Bobbie-Jo M Webb-Robertson, Lisa E Gralinski, Thomas O Metz, Richard D Smith, Katrina M Waters, Amy C Sims, Yoshihiro Kawaoka, Ralph S Baric
Convergent evolution dictates that diverse groups of viruses will target both similar and distinct host pathways to manipulate the immune response and improve infection. In this study, we sought to leverage this uneven viral antagonism to identify critical host factors that govern disease outcome. Utilizing a systems-based approach, we examined differential regulation of IFN-γ-dependent genes following infection with robust respiratory viruses including influenza viruses [A/influenza/Vietnam/1203/2004 (H5N1-VN1203) and A/influenza/California/04/2009 (H1N1-CA04)] and coronaviruses [severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome CoV (MERS-CoV)]...
January 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338025/adolescent-cohorts-assessing-growth-cardiovascular-and-cognitive-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#7
Joseph L Ward, Katherine Harrison, Russell M Viner, Anthony Costello, Michelle Heys
INTRODUCTION: Life-course studies are needed to explore how exposures during adolescence, particularly puberty, contribute to later cardiovascular risk and cognitive health in low and middle-income countries (LMIC), where 90% of the world's young people live. The extent of any existing cohorts investigating these outcomes in LMIC has not previously been described. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review to identify population cohort studies of adolescents in LMIC that assessed anthropometry and any of cardiovascular risk (blood pressure, physical activity, plasma glucose/lipid profile and substance misuse), puberty (age at menarche, Tanner staging, or other form of pubertal staging) or cognitive outcomes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337629/biotech-crop-planting-resumes-high-adoption-in-2016
#8
Rhodora R Aldemita, Randy A Hautea
The global area of biotech crops in 2016 increased from 179.7 million hectares to 185.1 million hectares, a 3% increase equivalent to 5.4 million hectares. Some 26 countries planted biotech crops, 19 of which were developing countries and seven were industrial. Information and data collected from various credible sources showed variations from the previous year. Fluctuations in biotech crop area (both increases and decreases) are influenced by factors including, among others, acceptance and commercialization of new products, demand for meat and livestock feeds, weather conditions, global market price, disease/pest pressure, and government's enabling policies...
January 16, 2018: GM Crops & Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336591/adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-stigma-and-behavioral-risk-factors-in-hiv-infected-adolescents-in-asia
#9
Wasana Prasitsuebsai, Chuenkamol Sethaputra, Pagakrong Lumbiganon, Rawiwan Hansudewechakul, Kulkanya Chokephaibulkit, Khanh Huu Truong, Lam Van Nguyen, Kamarul Azahar Mohd Razali, Nik Khairulddin Nik Yusoff, Moy Siew Fong, Sirinya Teeraananchai, Jintanat Ananworanich, Nicolas Durier
We studied behavioral risks among HIV-infected and uninfected adolescents using an audio computer-assisted self-interview. A prospective cohort study was initiated between 2013 and 2014 in Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam. HIV-infected adolescents were matched to uninfected adolescents (4:1) by sex and age group (12-14 and 15-18 years). We enrolled 250 HIV-infected (48% male; median age 14.5 years; 93% perinatally infected) and 59 uninfected (51% male; median age 14.1 years) adolescents. At enrollment, HIV-infected adolescents were on antiretroviral therapy (ART) for a median (IQR) of 7...
January 16, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333606/genetic-relationships-among-vietnamese-local-pigs-investigated-using-genome-wide-snp-markers
#10
S Ishihara, A Arakawa, M Taniguchi, Q M Luu, D L Pham, B V Nguyen, S Mikawa, K Kikuchi
Vietnam is one of the most important countries for pig domestication, and a total of 26 local breeds have been reported. In the present study, genetic relationships among the various pig breeds were investigated using 90 samples collected from local pigs (15 breeds) in 15 distantly separated, distinct areas of the country and six samples from Landrace pigs in Hanoi as an out-group of a common Western breed. All samples were genotyped using the Illumina Porcine SNP60 v2 Genotyping BeadChip. We used 15 160-15 217 SNPs that showed a high degree of polymorphism in the Vietnamese breeds for identifying genetic relationships among the Vietnamese breeds...
January 15, 2018: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332236/child-desire-among-men-and-women-living-with-hiv-aids-in-the-traditional-culture-of-vietnam
#11
Bach Xuan Tran, Ha Dai Duong, Anh Quynh Nguyen, Linh Dieu Pham, Tung Thanh Tran, Carl A Latkin
In various settings, heterogeneity in fertility rates among HIV-affected couples highlights the importance of understanding contextual factors to inform program planning and implementation. We interviewed 1016 patients with HIV/AIDS at seven clinics in Vietnam to assess their desire to have a(nother) child and willingness to pay (WTP) for prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) services. One-fifth of participants reported their desire for a(another) child and this was slightly higher among men than women...
January 13, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326867/cavitary-lung-lesion-suspicious-for-malignancy-reveals-mycobacterium-xenopi
#12
Sumit Fogla, Vaishali M Pansare, Luis G Camero, Uzma Syeda, Naveen Patil, Arun Chaudhury
We report the case of a 68-year-old gentleman who presented with musculoskeletal chest pain which appeared suddenly when he bent over with his dog. The chest pain was localized to the left lower chest and increased with movement and deep breathing. The patient did not complain weight loss, night sweat, fever or chill. He complained of mild cough, with expectoration of whitish mucus. Imaging revealed cavitary chest lesion in the right upper lobe, which was initially suspected to be lung cancer. The patient had a 50-year-old history of smoking 2 packs per day...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326095/development-of-a-maternal-newborn-and-child-mhealth-intervention-in-thai-nguyen-province-vietnam-protocol-for-the-mmom-project
#13
Bronwyn McBride, Liem Thanh Nguyen, David Wiljer, Nguyen C Vu, Cuong K Nguyen, John O'Neil
BACKGROUND: Ethnic minority women (EMW) living in mountainous areas of northern Vietnam have disproportionately high infant and maternal mortality rates as a result of low maternal health knowledge, poverty, and remoteness from low-capacity health centers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the protocol for the development and evaluation of the mMom intervention, which is an integrated mobile health (mHealth) system designed to improve maternal and infant health knowledge, and behavior among women in remote areas of Thai Nguyen, Vietnam...
January 11, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324851/development-and-validation-of-the-vietnamese-primary-care-assessment-tool
#14
Nguyen Thi Hoa, Nguyen Minh Tam, Wim Peersman, Anselme Derese, Jeffrey F Markuns
OBJECTIVE: To adapt the consumer version of the Primary Care Assessment Tool (PCAT) for Vietnam and determine its internal consistency and validity. DESIGN: A quantitative cross sectional study. SETTING: 56 communes in 3 representative provinces of central Vietnam. PARTICIPANTS: Total of 3289 people who used health care services at health facility at least once over the past two years. RESULTS: The Vietnamese adult expanded consumer version of the PCAT (VN PCAT-AE) is an instrument for evaluation of primary care in Vietnam with 70 items comprising six scales representing four core primary care domains, and three additional scales representing three derivative domains...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324670/dietary-carotenoid-intakes-and-prostate-cancer-risk-a-case-control-study-from-vietnam
#15
Dong Van Hoang, Ngoc Minh Pham, Andy H Lee, Duong Nhu Tran, Colin W Binns
The incidence of prostate cancer has increased in Vietnam, but there have been few studies of the risk factors associated with this change. This retrospective case-control study investigated the relation of the intake of carotenoids and their food sources to prostate cancer risk. A sample of 652 participants (244 incident prostate cancer patients, aged 64-75 years, and 408 age frequency-matched controls) were recruited in Ho Chi Minh City during 2013-2015. The habitual diet was ascertained with a validated food-frequency questionnaire, and other factors including demographic and lifestyle characteristics were assessed via face-to-face interviews by trained nurses...
January 11, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322637/maternal-exposures-and-risk-of-oral-clefts-in-south-vietnam
#16
Vu H A Dien, Christy M McKinney, Araya Pisek, Waranuch Pitiphat
BACKGROUND: Oral clefts are among the most common congenital anomalies. Most studies on risk factors of oral clefts have been carried out in developed countries. We investigated the associations between maternal exposures in the first trimester and oral clefts in South Vietnam. METHODS: We conducted a hospital-based case-control study during October 2014-November 2015. Cases included 170 patients with nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate and those with cleft palate only...
January 11, 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322279/do-the-more-educated-utilize-more-health-care-services-evidence-from-vietnam-using-a-regression-discontinuity-design
#17
Thang Dang
In 1991, Vietnam implemented a compulsory primary schooling reform that provides this study a natural experiment to estimate the causal effect of education on health care utilization with a regression discontinuity design. This paper finds that education causes statistically significant impacts on health care utilization, although the signs of the impacts change with specific types of health care services examined. In particular, education increases the inpatient utilization of the public health sector, but it reduces the outpatient utilization of both the public and private health sectors...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Health Economics and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319434/amniocentesis-test-uptake-for-congenital-defects-decision-of-pregnant-women-in-vietnam
#18
Canh Chuong Nguyen, Minh Duc Duong, Nguyen Duy Anh, Thi Vui Le, Pham Sy Cuong Le, Doan Thi Thuy Duong, Thi Thu Ha Bui
Our study aimed to identify the knowledge, attitude and factors associated with uptake of amniocentesis test amongst pregnant women of advanced maternal age (35+ years old). A cross-sectional survey was performed on 481 participants in 2016. Women with higher educational attainment, higher income level, having a baby with congenital defects, and women with better knowledge and/or attitude about amniocentesis test were more likely to accept the test. Our study suggested the importance of counselling for women and given more time for them to absorb information before they make their decision to uptake the amniocentesis test...
January 10, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317005/a-quantitative-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effectiveness-of-oral-cholera-vaccine-as-a-reactive-measure-in-cholera-outbreaks
#19
Patricia Schwerdtle, Coretta-Kings Onekon, Katrina Recoche
Introduction The efficacy of oral cholera vaccines (OCVs) in laboratory conditions has been established, and the World Health Organization (WHO; Geneva, Switzerland) has recommended their preventative use in high-risk settings. The WHO recommendation has not been fully operationalized, nor has it been extended to apply to the reactive use of OCVs in real field epidemic conditions due to concerns about potential resource diversion, feasibility, cost, and acceptability. The purpose of this study is to assess and synthesize existing evidence of OCV effectiveness when used reactively in real field conditions...
January 10, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316694/blood-lead-levels-and-risk-factors-for-lead-exposure-in-a-pediatric-population-in-ho-chi-minh-city-vietnam
#20
Deborah Havens, Minh Hong Pham, Catherine J Karr, William E Daniell
Although lead recycling activities are a known risk factor for elevated blood levels in South East Asia, little is known regarding the prevalence of and risk factors for elevated blood lead levels (BLL) among the general pediatric population in Vietnam. This study is a cross-sectional evaluation of 311 children from Children's Hospital #2 in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Capillary blood lead testing was performed using the LeadCare II. Mean BLLs were 4.97 μg/dL (Standard Deviation (SD) 5.50), with 7% of the participants having levels greater than 10 μg/dL...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
keyword
keyword
11584
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"