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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106781/family-food-providers-perceptions-of-the-causes-of-obesity-and-effectiveness-of-weight-control-strategies-in-five-countries-in-the-asia-pacific-region-a-cross-sectional-survey
#1
Anthony Worsley, Wei Wang, Rani Sarmugam, Quynh Pham, Judhiastuty Februhartanty, Stacey Ridley
The rise of the middle classes in developing countries and the associated epidemiological transition raises the importance of assessing this population group's awareness of the causes of obesity and effective weight control strategies in order to develop effective health promotion strategies. The study aimed to examine the perceptions of the causes of obesity and weight control strategies held by middle class household food providers in Melbourne, Singapore, Shanghai, Indonesia and Vietnam. An online survey was conducted in late 2013, early 2014 among 3945 respondents...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105594/screening-of-inorganic-and-organic-contaminants-in-floodwater-in-paddy-fields-of-hue-and-thanh-hoa-in-vietnam
#2
Ha Thu Trinh, Helle Marcussen, Hans Christian B Hansen, Giang Truong Le, Hanh Thi Duong, Nguyen Thuy Ta, Trung Quang Nguyen, Soren Hansen, Bjarne W Strobel
In the rainy season, rice growing areas in Vietnam often become flooded by up to 1.5 m water. The floodwater brings contaminants from cultivated areas, farms and villages to the rice fields resulting in widespread contamination. In 2012 and 2013, the inorganic and organic contaminants in floodwater was investigated in Thanh Hoa and Hue. Water samples were taken at 16 locations in canals, paddy fields and rivers before and during the flood. In total, 940 organic micro-pollutants in the water samples were determined simultaneously by GC-MS method with automatic identification and quantification system (AIQS), while ICP-MS was used for determination of ten trace elements in the samples...
January 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104185/causes-and-outcomes-of-sepsis-in-southeast-asia-a-multinational-multicentre-cross-sectional-study
#3
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Improved understanding of pathogens that cause sepsis would aid management and antimicrobial selection. In this study, we aimed to identify the causative pathogens of sepsis in southeast Asia. METHODS: In this multinational multicentre cross-sectional study of community-acquired sepsis and severe sepsis, we prospectively recruited children (age ≥30 days and <18 years) and adults (age ≥18 years) at 13 public hospitals in Indonesia (n=3), Thailand (n=4), and Vietnam (n=6)...
February 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103407/the-course-and-correlates-of-combat-related-ptsd-in-australian-vietnam-veterans-in-the-three-decades-after-the-war
#4
Brian I O'Toole, Stanley V Catts
Australian male Vietnam veterans (N = 388) were assessed 22 and 36 years after their return to Australia using standardized diagnostic interviews, with added data from Army records and self-report questionnaires. Among veterans who ever had posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 50.3% had a current diagnosis at the second assessment; of those who had a current diagnosis at Wave 1, 46.9% were also current at Wave 2. Late onset occurred for 19.0% of veterans, of whom 60.8% were current at Wave 2. Multivariate analysis compared veterans with no history of PTSD (n = 231) with veterans who had ever had PTSD (n = 157) to assess risk factors for PTSD incidence; and veterans with a history, but not current PTSD (n = 78) with veterans who had current PTSD at the second assessment (n = 79) to assess risk factors for failure to remit...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100811/the-molecular-speciation-of-soil-transmitted-helminth-eggs-collected-from-school-children-across-six-endemic-countries
#5
Santosh George, Peter Geldhof, Marco Albonico, Shaali M Ame, Jeffrey M Bethony, Dirk Engels, Zeleke Mekonnen, Antonio Montresor, Sopheak Hem, Louis-Albert Tchuem-Tchuenté, Nguyen Thu Huong, Gagandeep Kang, Jozef Vercruysse, Bruno Levecke
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of soil-transmitted helminths (STHs; Ascaris, Trichuris and hookworms) is traditionally based on the demonstration of eggs in stool using microscopic techniques. While molecular techniques are more appropriate to speciate STH species they are seldom applied. In this study we speciated STH eggs from stool using molecular techniques to gain insights into the distribution of both human and animal STH species in the human host. METHODS: We speciated 207 STH egg isolates from stool collected during the baseline survey of six drug efficacy trials conducted in Brazil, Cambodia, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Tanzania and Vietnam applying a PCR - restriction fragment length polymorphisms based approach...
January 18, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100136/barriers-to-access-and-uptake-of-antiretroviral-therapy-among-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-hanoi-vietnam-from-hiv-testing-to-treatment
#6
Hao T M Bui, Giang M Le, Anh Q Mai, Iryna Zablotska-Manos, Lisa Maher
Little is known about the experiences of Vietnamese men who have sex with men in accessing HIV testing and treatment. We aimed to explore barriers to access and uptake of antiretroviral therapy (ART) among HIV-positive men who have sex with men in Hanoi. During 2015, we conducted qualitative interviews with 35 participants recruited using snowball sampling based on previous research and social networks. Key individual impediments to ART uptake included inadequate preparation for a positive diagnosis and the dual stigmatisation of homosexuality and HIV and its consequences, leading to fear of disclosure of HIV status...
January 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099769/persistent-serious-mental-illness-among-former-applicants-for-va-ptsd-disability-benefits-and-long-term-outcomes-symptoms-functioning-and-employment
#7
Maureen Murdoch, Michele Roxanne Spoont, Shannon Marie Kehle-Forbes, Eileen Mae Harwood, Nina Aileen Sayer, Barbara Ann Clothier, Ann Kay Bangerter
: Millions of U.S. veterans have returned from military service with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), for which a substantial number receive U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) disability benefits. Although PTSD is treatable, comorbid serious mental illness (defined here as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and bipolar spectrum disorders) could complicate these veterans' recovery. Using VA administrative data, we examined the burden of persistent serious mental illness in a nationally representative cohort of 1,067 men and 1,513 women who applied for VA PTSD disability benefits between 1994 and 1998 and served during or after the Vietnam conflict...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098023/key-parameters-for-behaviour-related-to-source-separation-of-household-organic-waste-a-case-study-in-hanoi-vietnam
#8
Kosuke Kawai, Luong Thi Mai Huong
Proper management of food waste, a major component of municipal solid waste (MSW), is needed, especially in developing Asian countries where most MSW is disposed of in landfill sites without any pretreatment. Source separation can contribute to solving problems derived from the disposal of food waste. An organic waste source separation and collection programme has been operated in model areas in Hanoi, Vietnam, since 2007. This study proposed three key parameters (participation rate, proper separation rate and proper discharge rate) for behaviour related to source separation of household organic waste, and monitored the progress of the programme based on the physical composition of household waste sampled from 558 households in model programme areas of Hanoi...
January 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090592/the-first-genome-sequences-of-human-bocaviruses-from-vietnam
#9
Tran Tan Thanh, Hoang Minh Tu Van, Nguyen Thi Thu Hong, Le Nguyen Truc Nhu, Nguyen To Anh, Ha Manh Tuan, Ho Van Hien, Nguyen Manh Tuong, Trinh Trung Kien, Truong Huu Khanh, Le Nguyen Thanh Nhan, Nguyen Thanh Hung, Nguyen Van Vinh Chau, Guy Thwaites, H Rogier van Doorn, Le Van Tan
As part of an ongoing effort to generate complete genome sequences of hand, foot and mouth disease-causing enteroviruses directly from clinical specimens, two complete coding sequences and two partial genomic sequences of human bocavirus 1 (n=3) and 2 (n=1) were co-amplified and sequenced, representing the first genome sequences of human bocaviruses from Vietnam. The sequences may aid future study aiming at understanding the evolution of the pathogen.
November 16, 2016: Wellcome Open Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088025/residues-of-2-hydroxy-3-phenylpyrazine-a-degradation-product-of-some-%C3%AE-lactam-antibiotics-in-environmental-water-in-vietnam
#10
Nguyen Van Sy, Kazuo Harada, Megumi Asayama, Minae Warisaya, Le Hong Dung, Yoshinori Sumimura, Khong Thi Diep, Le Viet Ha, Nguyen Nam Thang, Tran Thi Tuyet Hoa, Tran Minh Phu, Pham Ngoc Khai, Nguyen Thanh Phuong, Le Danh Tuyen, Yoshimasa Yamamoto, Kazumasa Hirata
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria have become a serious problem worldwide, caused in part by the excessive use and discharge of antibiotics into the environment. Ampicillin (ABPC) is a widely used antibiotic. However, this chemical rapidly decomposes in water containing divalent cations like Ca(2+) and Mg(2+), thus, detection of ABPC in environmental water is difficult. This study was carried out to evaluate the presence of 2-hydroxy-3-phenylpyrazine (HPP), one of the degradation products of ABPC and β-lactam antibiotics with an ABPC substructure, in environmental water...
January 2, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086906/physical-activity-and-nutrition-behaviour-outcomes-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-for-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-vietnam
#11
Van Dinh Tran, Andy H Lee, Jonine Jancey, Anthony P James, Peter Howat, Le Thi Phuong Mai
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is prevalent among Vietnamese adults, especially those aged 50-65 years. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a 6 month community-based lifestyle intervention to increase physical activity levels and improve dietary behaviours for adults with metabolic syndrome in Vietnam. METHODS: Ten communes, involving participants aged 50-65 years with metabolic syndrome, were recruited from Hanam province in northern Vietnam. The communes were randomly allocated to either the intervention (five communes, n = 214) or the control group (five communes, n = 203)...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086775/rapid-decline-in-the-susceptibility-of-plasmodium-falciparum-to-dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine-in-the-south-of-vietnam
#12
Ngo Viet Thanh, Nguyen Thuy-Nhien, Nguyen Thi Kim Tuyen, Nguyen Thanh Tong, Nguyen Thuy Nha-Ca, Le Thanh Dong, Huynh Hong Quang, Jeremy Farrar, Guy Thwaites, Nicholas J White, Marcel Wolbers, Tran Tinh Hien
BACKGROUND: Artemisinin resistant Plasmodium falciparum has emerged in the countries of the Greater Mekong sub-region posing a serious threat to global malaria elimination efforts. The relationship of artemisinin resistance to treatment failure has been unclear. METHODS: In annual studies conducted in three malaria endemic provinces in the south of Vietnam (Binh Phuoc, Ninh Thuan and Gia Lai) between 2011 and 2015, 489 patients with uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria were enrolled in detailed clinical, parasitological and molecular therapeutic response assessments with 42 days follow up...
January 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080047/burden-of-disease-from-rising-coal-fired-power-plant-emissions-in-southeast-asia
#13
Shannon N Koplitz, Daniel J Jacob, Melissa P Sulprizio, Lauri Myllyvirta, Colleen Reid
Southeast Asia has a very high population density and is on a fast track to economic development, with most of the growth in electricity demand currently projected to be met by coal. From a detailed analysis of coal-fired power plants presently planned or under construction in Southeast Asia, we project in a business-as-usual scenario that emissions from coal in the region will triple to 2.6 Tg a(-1) SO2 and 2.6 Tg a(-1) NOx by 2030, with the largest increases occurring in Indonesia and Vietnam. Simulations with the GEOS-Chem chemical transport model show large resulting increases in surface air pollution, up to 11 μg m(-3) for annual mean fine particulate matter (PM2...
January 12, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077894/information-expensiveness-perceived-by-vietnamese-patients-with-respect-to-healthcare-provider-s-choice
#14
Vuong Quan-Hoang
BACKGROUND: Patients have to acquire information to support their decision on choosing a suitable healthcare provider. But in developing countries like Vietnam, accessibility issues remain an obstacle, thus adversely affect both quality and costliness of healthcare information. Vietnamese use both sources from health professionals and friends/relatives, especially when quality of the Internet-based cheaper sources appear to be still questionable. The search of information from both professionals and friends/relatives incurs some cost, which can be viewed as low or high depending low or high accessibility to the sources...
October 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077147/the-political-and-scientific-challenges-in-evaluating-compulsory-drug-treatment-centers-in-southeast-asia
#15
Thu Vuong, Nhu Nguyen, Giang Le, Marian Shanahan, Robert Ali, Alison Ritter
BACKGROUND: In Vietnam, like many countries in Southeast Asia, the commonly used approach of center-based compulsory drug treatment (CCT) has been criticized on human rights ground. Meanwhile, community-based voluntary methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has been implemented for nearly a decade with promising results. Reform-minded leaders have been seeking empirical evidence of the costs and effectiveness associated with these two main treatment modalities. Conducting evaluations of these treatments, especially where randomization is not ethical, presents challenges...
January 11, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077098/validity-of-gestational-age-estimates-by-last-menstrual-period-and-neonatal-examination-compared-to-ultrasound-in-vietnam
#16
Nicholas P Deputy, Phuong H Nguyen, Hoa Pham, Son Nguyen, Lynnette Neufeld, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Accurate estimation of gestational age is important for both clinical and public health purposes. Estimates of gestational age using fetal ultrasound measurements are considered most accurate but are frequently unavailable in low- and middle-income countries. The objective of this study was to assess the validity of last menstrual period and Farr neonatal examination estimates of gestational age, compared to ultrasound estimates, in a large cohort of women in Vietnam. METHODS: Data for this analysis come from a randomized, placebo-controlled micronutrient supplementation trial in Vietnam...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069063/the-ribosomal-transcription-units-of-haplorchis-pumilio-and-h-taichui-and-the-use-of-28s-rdna-sequences-for-phylogenetic-identification-of-common-heterophyids-in-vietnam
#17
Thanh Hoa Le, Khue Thi Nguyen, Nga Thi Bich Nguyen, Huong Thi Thanh Doan, Do Trung Dung, David Blair
BACKGROUND: Heterophyidiasis is now a major public health threat in many tropical countries. Species in the trematode family Heterophyidae infecting humans include Centrocestus formosanus, Haplorchis pumilio, H. taichui, H. yokogawai, Procerovum varium and Stellantchasmus falcatus. For molecular phylogenetic and systematic studies on trematodes, we need more prospective markers for taxonomic identification and classification. This study provides near-complete ribosomal transcription units (rTU) from Haplorchis pumilio and H...
January 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067646/development-of-downflow-hanging-sponge-dhs-reactor-as-post-treatment-of-existing-combined-anaerobic-tank-treating-natural-rubber-processing-wastewater
#18
Takahiro Watari, Trung Cuong Mai, Daisuke Tanikawa, Yuga Hirakata, Masashi Hatamoto, Kazuaki Syutsubo, Masao Fukuda, Ngoc Bich Nguyen, Takashi Yamaguchi
Conventional aerated tank technology is widely applied for post treatment of natural rubber processing wastewater in Southeast Asia; however, a long hydraulic retention time (HRT) is required and the effluent standards are exceeded. In this study, a downflow hanging sponge (DHS) reactor was installed as post treatment of anaerobic tank effluent in a natural rubber factory in South Vietnam and the process performance was evaluated. The DHS reactor demonstrated removal efficiencies of 64.2 ± 7.5% and 55.3 ± 19...
January 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065456/characterization-and-functional-expression-of-a-rubber-degradation-gene-of-a-nocardia-degrader-from-a-rubber-processing-factory
#19
Dao Viet Linh, Nguyen Lan Huong, Michiro Tabata, Shunsuke Imai, Sou Iijima, Daisuke Kasai, To Kim Anh, Masao Fukuda
A rubber-degrading bacterial consortium named H2DA was obtained from an enrichment culture with natural rubber latex and rubber-processing factory waste in Vietnam. Gel permeation chromatography analysis revealed that only the strain NVL3 degraded synthetic poly(cis-1,4-isoprene) into low-molecular-weight intermediates among the three strains found in the H2DA. The 16S-rRNA gene sequence of NVL3 showed the highest identity with that of Nocardia farcinica DSM 43665(T). NVL3 accumulated aldehyde intermediates from synthetic poly(cis-1,4-isoprene) on a rubber-overlay plate as indicated by Schiff's staining...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064513/temporal-patterns-and-predictors-of-bullying-roles-among-adolescents-in-vietnam-a-school-based-cohort-study
#20
Ha Thi Hai Le, Michael P Dunne, Marilyn A Campbell, Michelle L Gatton, Huong Thanh Nguyen, Nam T Tran
Although many cross-sectional studies have examined bullying experiences and correlated factors among adolescents in schools, relatively little is known about the extent to which bullying roles are stable or fluid over time. This short-term quantitative longitudinal study in Vietnam examined temporal patterns and predictors of bullying roles over an academic year. A total of 1424 middle and high school students aged 12-17 years completed two anonymous, self-administered questionnaires six months apart in 2014 and 2015...
January 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
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