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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231427/risk-factors-of-female-breast-cancer-in-vietnam-a-case-control-study
#1
Phuong Dung Yun Trieu, Claudia Mello-Thoms, Jenny K Peat, Thuan Doan Do, Patrick C Brennan
Purpose: Rates of women with breast cancer have increased rapidly in recent years in Vietnam, with over 10,000 new patients contracting the disease every year. This study was conducted to identify demographic, reproductive and lifestyle risk factors for breast cancer in Vietnam. Materials and Methods: Breast density, demographic, reproductive and lifestyle data of 269 women with breast cancer and 519 age-matched controls were collected in the two largest oncology hospitals in Vietnam (one in the north and one in the south)...
February 20, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231080/oxalate-content-of-taro-leaves-grown-in-central-vietnam
#2
Hang Du Thanh, Hai Phan Vu, Hai Vu Van, Ngoan Le Duc, Tuan Le Minh, Geoffrey Savage
Leaves were harvested from four different cultivars of Colocasia esculenta and three cultivars of Alocasia odora that were growing on nine different farms in central Vietnam. The total, soluble and insoluble oxalate contents of the leaves were extracted and measured using HPLC chromatography. Total calcium determinations were also carried out on the same samples. The total oxalate content of the leaves ranged from 433.8 to 856.1 mg/100 g wet matter (WM) while the soluble oxalate ranged from 147.8 to 339.7 mg/100 g WM...
January 1, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230696/the-call-to-service-is-personal-from-vietnam-to-red-cross-volunteer
#3
Robert J Hassmiller
Updated several times a week with posts by a wide variety of authors, AJN's blog Off the Charts allows us to provide more timely-and often more personal-perspectives on professional, policy, and clinical issues. Best of the Blog will be a regular column to bring AJN readers recent posts that we think deserve a wider audience. To read more, please visit: www.ajnoffthecharts.com.
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229183/prevalence-of-tobacco-smoking-in-vietnam-findings-from-the-global-adult-tobacco-survey-2015
#4
Hoang Van Minh, Kim Bao Giang, Nguyen Bao Ngoc, Phan Thi Hai, Doan Thi Thu Huyen, Luong Ngoc Khue, Nguyen Tuan Lam, Pham Thi Quynh Nga, Nguyen The Quan, Nguyen Thi Xuyen
OBJECTIVES: We report the prevalence of tobacco smoking among adult populations in Vietnam, 2015. METHODS: The Vietnam GATS 2015 was a nationally representative survey. 9513 households were selected using two-stage random systematic sampling method. Handheld computers were used for capturing data. Data collection was carried-out by National Statistics Office of Vietnam in 2015. Weight was used in all estimates. RESULTS: The Vietnam GATS 2015 found that the prevalence of smoking in Vietnam was 22...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228149/fasciolopsis-buski-digenea-fasciolidae-from-china-and-india-may-represent-distinct-taxa-based-on-mitochondrial-and-nuclear-ribosomal-dna-sequences
#5
Jun Ma, Miao-Miao Sun, Jun-Jun He, Guo-Hua Liu, Lin Ai, Mu-Xin Chen, Xing-Quan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Fasciolopsis buski is a zoonotic intestinal fluke infecting humans and pigs, but it has been seriously neglected. It is yet to know whether there is any genetic diversity among F. buski from different geographical locations, particularly in sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and mitochondrial (mt) DNA. Therefore, we determined the sequences of partial 18S, the complete internal transcribed spacer (ITS) rDNA and the complete mt genome of F. buski from China, compared the rDNA and mtDNA sequences with those of isolates from India and Vietnam, and assessed the phylogenetic relationships of this fluke and related fasciolid trematodes based on the mtDNA dataset...
February 22, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225545/enhancing-political-will-for-universal-health-coverage-in-nigeria
#6
Bolaji S Aregbeshola
Universal health coverage aims to increase equity in access to quality health care services and to reduce financial risk due to health care costs. It is a key component of international health agenda and has been a subject of worldwide debate. Despite differing views on its scope and pathways to reach it, there is a global consensus that all countries should work toward universal health coverage. The goal remains distant for many African countries, including Nigeria. This is mostly due to lack of political will and commitment among political actors and policymakers...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223967/secretome-prediction-of-two-m-tuberculosis-clinical-isolates-reveals-their-high-antigenic-density-and-potential-drug-targets
#7
Fernanda Cornejo-Granados, Zyanya L Zatarain-Barrón, Vito A Cantu-Robles, Alfredo Mendoza-Vargas, Camilo Molina-Romero, Filiberto Sánchez, Luis Del Pozo-Yauner, Rogelio Hernández-Pando, Adrián Ochoa-Leyva
The Excreted/Secreted (ES) proteins play important roles during Mycobacterium tuberculosis invasion, virulence, and survival inside the host and they are a major source of immunogenic proteins. However, the molecular complexity of the bacillus cell wall has made difficult the experimental isolation of the total bacterial ES proteins. Here, we reported the genomes of two Beijing genotype M. tuberculosis clinical isolates obtained from patients from Vietnam (isolate 46) and South Africa (isolate 48). We developed a bioinformatics pipeline to predict their secretomes and observed that ~12% of the genome-encoded proteins are ES, being PE, PE-PGRS, and PPE the most abundant protein domains...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222890/new-erythritol-derivatives-from-the-fertile-form-of-roccella-montagnei
#8
Thuc Huy Duong, Bui Linh Chi Huynh, Warinthorn Chavasiri, Marylene Chollet-Krugler, Van Kieu Nguyen, Thi Hoai Thu Nguyen, Poul Erik Hansen, Pierre Le Pogam, Holger Thüs, Joël Boustie, Kim Phi Phung Nguyen
Chemical investigation of the methanol extract of the fertile form of Roccella montagnei collected in Vietnam afforded twelve secondary metabolites, including five new montagnetol derivatives, orsellinylmontagnetols A-D and a furanyl derivative together with seven known compounds. Their chemical structures were elucidated by analysis of 1D and 2D NMR and high resolution mass spectroscopic data. The relative stereochemistry of two chiral centers (C-2 and C-3) of orsellinylmontagnetols A and B was elucidated by comparison of their coupling constants and the specific rotation with those reported in the literature while the absolute stereochemistry was determined by the application of a modified Mosher method for the hydroxy group at C-3...
February 17, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222325/household-food-group-expenditure-patterns-are-associated-with-child-anthropometry-at-ages-5-8-and-12-years-in-ethiopia-india-peru-and-vietnam
#9
Debbie L Humphries, Kirk A Dearden, Benjamin T Crookston, Tassew Woldehanna, Mary E Penny, Jere R Behrman
: Population-level analysis of dietary influences on nutritional status is challenging in part due to limitations in dietary intake data. Household expenditure surveys, covering recent household expenditures and including key food groups, are routinely conducted in low- and middle-income countries. These data may help identify patterns of food expenditure that relate to child growth. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the relationship between household food expenditures and child growth using factor analysis...
February 14, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222082/challenges-encountered-by-vietnamese-nurses-when-caring-for-patients-with-cancer
#10
Ly Thuy Nguyen, Lourdes Clemenceau Annoussamy, Virginia T LeBaron
Providing holistic care is acknowledged as central to providing quality care for patients with cancer, but providing competent nursing care consistent with these approaches remains a challenge for nurses in Vietnam. Obstacles for Vietnamese oncology nurses include their low status, the limited scope of nursing practice, work overload in a hierarchical system, and cultural beliefs that view death and dying as taboo. Additional research to support oncology nurses in Vietnam must acknowledge the merits of improving nursing education as an important strategy for enhancing nursing autonomy, quality of care, and outcomes for the increasing number of patients with cancer in low- and middle-income countries...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221937/food-safety-perceptions-and-practices-among-smallholder-pork-value-chain-actors-in-hung-yen-province-vietnam
#11
Sinh Dang-Xuan, Hung Nguyen-Viet, Tongkorn Meeyam, Reinhard Fries, Huong Nguyen-Thanh, Phuc Pham-Duc, Steven Lam, Delia Grace, Fred Unger
Pork safety is an important public health concern in Vietnam and is a shared responsibility among many actors along the pork value chain. We examined the knowledge, perceptions, and practices regarding food safety, disease, and health risk among selected pork value chain actors (slaughterhouse owners and workers, people living around slaughterhouses, pork sellers, consumers, and veterinary and public health staff) in three districts in Hung Yen Province, Vietnam. We randomly selected 52 pork value chain actors to be surveyed through questionnaires, observation checklists, key informant interviews, and focus group discussions...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221105/zoonotic-transmission-of-mcr-1-colistin-resistance-gene-from-small-scale-poultry-farms-vietnam
#12
Nguyen Vinh Trung, Sébastien Matamoros, Juan J Carrique-Mas, Nguyen Huu Nghia, Nguyen Thi Nhung, Tran Thi Bich Chieu, Ho Huynh Mai, Willemien van Rooijen, James Campbell, Jaap A Wagenaar, Anita Hardon, Nguyen Thi Nhu Mai, Thai Quoc Hieu, Guy Thwaites, Menno D de Jong, Constance Schultsz, Ngo Thi Hoa
We investigated the consequences of colistin use in backyard chicken farms in Vietnam by examining the prevalence of mcr-1 in fecal samples from chickens and humans. Detection of mcr-1-carrying bacteria in chicken samples was associated with colistin use and detection in human samples with exposure to mcr-1-positive chickens.
March 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220263/characterization-and-outcome-of-41-patients-with-beta-ketothiolase-deficiency-10%C3%A2-years-experience-of-a-medical-center-in-northern-vietnam
#13
Khanh Ngoc Nguyen, Elsayed Abdelkreem, Roberto Colombo, Yuki Hasegawa, Ngoc Thi Bich Can, Thao Phuong Bui, Hai Thanh Le, Mai Thi Chi Tran, Hoan Thi Nguyen, Hung Thanh Trinh, Yuka Aoyama, Hideo Sasai, Seiji Yamaguchi, Toshiyuki Fukao, Dung Chi Vu
Beta-ketothiolase (T2) deficiency is an inherited disease of isoleucine and ketone body metabolism caused by mutations in the ACAT1 gene. Between 2005 and 2016, a total of 41 patients with T2 deficiency were identified at a medical center in northern Vietnam, with an estimated incidence of one in 190,000 newborns. Most patients manifested ketoacidotic episodes of varying severity between 6 and 18 months of age. Remarkably, 28% of patients showed high blood glucose levels (up to 23.3 mmol/L). Ketoacidotic episodes recurred in 43% of patients...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216369/role-of-socio-cultural-and-economic-factors-in-cyprinid-fish-distribution-networks-and-consumption-in-lawa-lake-region-northeast-thailand-novel-perspectives-on-opisthorchis-viverrini-transmission-dynamics
#14
Christina Sunyoung Kim, John F Smith, Apiporn Suwannatrai, Pierre Echaubard, Bruce Wilcox, Sasithorn Kaewkes, Paiboon Sithithaworn, Banchob Sripa
Opisthorchis viverrini (Ov) is a fish-borne parasite endemic in parts of Lao PDR, Cambodia, southern Vietnam and Northeast Thailand (Isaan) where an estimated 10 million people are infected. Human Ov infection, associated with hepatobiliary complications, including cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), occurs when infected fish are consumed raw or undercooked, a longstanding cultural tradition in the region. This mixed- methods descriptive study was carried out in Isaan villages around Lawa Lake, Khon Kaen Province, known for their Ov endemicity...
February 16, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214557/quadruple-first-line-drug-resistance-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-vietnam-what-can-we-learn-from-genes
#15
Huy Quang Nguyen, Nhung Viet Nguyen, Lucie Contamin, Thanh Hoa Thi Tran, Thuong Thi Vu, Hung Van Nguyen, Ngoc Lan Thi Nguyen, Son Thai Nguyen, Anh Duc Dang, Anne-Laure Bañuls, Van Anh Thi Nguyen
In Vietnam, a country with high tuberculosis (137/100.000 population) and multidrug-resistant (MDR)-TB burdens (7.8/100.000 population), little is known about the molecular signatures of drug resistance in general and more particularly of second line drug (SLD) resistance. This study is specifically focused on Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates resistant to four first-line drugs (FLDs) that make TB much more difficult to treat. The aim is to determine the proportion of SLD resistance in these quadruple drug resistant isolates and the genetic determinants linked to drug resistance to better understand the genetic processes leading to quadruple and extremely drug resistance (XDR)...
February 15, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213653/perceived-risk-of-avian-influenza-and-urbanization-in-northern-vietnam
#16
Melissa L Finucane, Nghiem Tuyen, Sumeet Saksena, James H Spencer, Jefferson M Fox, Nguyen Lam, Trinh Dinh Thau, Tran Duc Vien, Nancy Davis Lewis
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) is an important public health concern because of potential for widespread morbidity and mortality in humans and poultry and associated devastating economic losses. We examined how perceptions of the risk of HPAI in poultry vary across communes/wards in the north of Vietnam at different levels of urbanization (rural, peri-urban, urban). Analyses of questionnaire responses from 1081 poultry raisers suggested that the perceived risk of HPAI in poultry was highest in peri-urban and rural settings...
February 17, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212645/retrospective-analysis-of-antiretroviral-therapy-uptake-and-retention-of-male-clients-receiving-methadone-maintenance-therapy-in-two-provinces-in-vietnam-potential-synergy-of-the-two-therapies
#17
Linh Thi Thuy Pham, Akiko Kitamura, Hoa Mai Do, Kim Anh Lai, Nhan Tuan Le, Van Thi Thuy Nguyen, Masaya Kato
BACKGROUND: Vietnam has a concentrated HIV epidemic with injection drug use being the dominant mode of HIV transmission. Vietnam has rapidly expanded antiretroviral therapy (ART) and methadone maintenance therapy (MMT). This study aims to analyze ART uptake and retention among male clients receiving MMT in Vietnam in the early phase of the MMT program. METHODS: The male clients (age ≥18) who were newly enrolled in care or started ART at two HIV clinics in Hanoi (2009 to 2011) and three HIV clinics in Can Tho (2010 to 2012) were included for the analysis...
February 17, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209208/food-safety-in-vietnam-where-we-are-at-and-what-we-can-learn-from-international-experiences
#18
Hung Nguyen-Viet, Tran Thi Tuyet-Hanh, Fred Unger, Sinh Dang-Xuan, Delia Grace
Food-borne diseases are attracting a lot of attention in Vietnam as a result of repeated episodes of adulterated and unsafe food. In this paper, we provide some perspectives on food safety in Vietnam from the point of view of an international research institution working on food safety with partners in the country. We argue that one of the key issues of food safety in Vietnam is that certain food value chain stakeholders lack ethics, which leads to the production and trading of unsafe foods in order to make profits irrespective of adverse health effects on consumers...
February 16, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209196/personal-values-marketing-attitudes-and-nutrition-trust-are-associated-with-patronage-of-convenience-food-outlets-in-the-asia-pacific-region-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Breanna De Jong, Anthony Worsley, Wei Chun Wang, Rani Sarmugam, Quynh Pham, Judhiastuty Februhartanty, Stacey Ridley
BACKGROUND: An online cross-sectional survey examined the relationships between the demographic characteristics, personal values, trust in sources of nutrition information and the use of convenience food outlets among middle-class household food providers in the Asia-Pacific region. METHODS: The survey was administered to 3945 household food providers in Melbourne, Singapore, Shanghai, Vietnam and Indonesia in late 2013. Information about demographics, personal values, trust in sources of nutrition information and use of convenience food outlets was elicited...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208159/two-previously-unknown-phytophthora-species-associated-with-brown-rot-of-pomelo-citrus-grandis-fruits-in-vietnam
#20
Ivana Puglisi, Alessandro De Patrizio, Leonardo Schena, Thomas Jung, Maria Evoli, Antonella Pane, Nguyen Van Hoa, Mai Van Tri, Sandra Wright, Mauritz Ramstedt, Christer Olsson, Roberto Faedda, Gaetano Magnano di San Lio, Santa Olga Cacciola
Two distinct Phytophthora taxa were found to be associated with brown rot of pomelo (Citrus grandis), a new disease of this ancestral Citrus species, in the Vinh Long province, Mekong River Delta area, southern Vietnam. On the basis of morphological characters and using the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 region of the rDNA and the cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI) as barcode genes, one of the two taxa was provisionally named as Phytophthora sp. prodigiosa, being closely related to but distinct from P. insolita, a species in Phytophthora Clade 9, while the other one, was closely related to but distinct from the Clade 2 species P...
2017: PloS One
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