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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147653/health-status-and-the-demand-for-healthcare-among-the-elderly-in-the-rural-quoc-oai-district-of-hanoi-in-vietnam
#1
Kyung-Sook Bang, Sunghee H Tak, Juhwan Oh, Jinseon Yi, Soo-Young Yu, Truong Quang Trung
Background: Vietnam is experiencing an unprecedented demographic transition. Its proportion of elderly people is growing rapidly. Objective: This study explored the health status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of rural elderly Vietnamese and assessed their needs for healthcare services. Design: This study used a survey with stratified proportion sampling and quota assignment. In 2016, data was collected from 713 people in the rural Quoc-Oai district of Hanoi aged 60 or older...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145904/-an-older-man-with-a-supraclavicular-mass
#2
A M Heerink, P Noë, P H P Groeneveld
An 80-year-old man, originally from Vietnam, was examined for a painful supraclavicular mass on the right side. Puncture and aspiration of the mass revealed purulent fluid. Examination of the aspirate showed acid-fast bacteria, consistent with tuberculous lymphadenitis. The patient was successfully treated with a 4-drug regimen.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145082/insights-into-arsenic-retention-dynamics-of-pleistocene-aquifer-sediments-by-in-situ-sorption-experiments
#3
Harald Neidhardt, Lenny H E Winkel, Ralf Kaegi, Caroline Stengel, Pham T K Trang, Vi M Lan, Pham H Viet, Michael Berg
The migration of arsenic (As) enriched groundwater into Pleistocene aquifers as a consequence of extensive groundwater abstraction represents an increasing threat to the precious water resources in Asian delta regions. Pleistocene aquifer sediments are typically rich in FeIII-(hydr)oxides and are capable to adsorb high amounts of As. This results in a pronounced accumulation of As in Pleistocene aquifers, where high As groundwater infiltrates from adjacent Holocene aquifers. However, As retention by Pleistocene aquifers over long-term time scales remains largely unknown...
November 7, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142762/analysis-of-cyp1b1-gene-mutations-in-patients-with-primary-congenital-glaucoma
#4
REVIEW
Leila Chouiter, Sellama Nadifi
Primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) is the most common type of infantile glaucoma, yet it remains a relatively rare disease, because the disease is often transmitted in an autosomal recessive pattern. However, PCG occurs up to 10 times more frequently in certain ethnic and geographical groups where consanguineous relationships are common. The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of mutations in the cytochrome P450 1B1 gene ( CYP1B1 ) in patients with PCG among different populations around the world from 2011 until May 2016...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140404/evaluation-of-opportunities-to-improve-hematopathology-diagnosis-for-vietnam-pathologists
#5
Vanessa Dayton, Chi Kim Nguyen, Trinh Thu Van, Nguyen Van Thanh, Ta Van To, Nguyen Phi Hung, Nguyen Ngoc Dung, Danny A Milner
Objectives: We evaluate the need for, feasibility of, and impediments to improving hematopathology diagnoses for cancer hospitals in Vietnam. Methods: Two hematopathologists from the United States visited three major cancer treatment hospitals in Vietnam to workshop a sampling of difficult hematopathology cases. With Vietnamese pathologists, they toured histopathology, immunohistochemistry, and ancillary laboratory facilities. Results: Automated tissue processors and slide staining equipment were documented for each of the three hospitals...
November 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138432/social-support-as-a-key-protective-factor-against-depression-in-hiv-infected-patients-report-from-large-hiv-clinics-in-hanoi-vietnam
#6
Shoko Matsumoto, Kazue Yamaoka, Kenzo Takahashi, Junko Tanuma, Daisuke Mizushima, Cuong Duy Do, Dung Thi Nguyen, Hoai Dung Thi Nguyen, Kinh Van Nguyen, Shinichi Oka
Depression is the most common mental health issue among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). This study explored how different types and sources of social support are associated with depression among HIV-infected patients in Vietnam. We carried out a cross-sectional survey on 1,503 HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy at two HIV clinics in Hanoi in 2016. Depression was prevalent in 26.2% of participants. Higher score of social support, especially emotional/informational support and positive social interaction, showed significant association with lower depression rate...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137859/dynamics-and-control-of-infections-on-social-networks-of-population-types
#7
Brian G Williams, Christopher Dye
Random mixing in host populations has been a convenient simplifying assumption in the study of epidemics, but neglects important differences in contact rates within and between population groups. For HIV/AIDS, the assumption of random mixing is inappropriate for epidemics that are concentrated in groups of people at high risk, including female sex workers (FSW) and their male clients (MCF), injecting drug users (IDU) and men who have sex with men (MSM). To find out who transmits infection to whom and how that affects the spread and containment of infection remains a major empirical challenge in the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS...
October 26, 2017: Epidemics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137647/new-eight-genes-identified-at-the-clinical-multidrug-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-dms06669-strain-in-a-vietnam-hospital
#8
Nguyen Si-Tuan, Hua My Ngoc, Pham Thi Thu Hang, Cuong Nguyen, Pham Hung Van, Nguyen Thuy Huong
BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter baumannii is an important nosocomial pathogen that can develop multidrug resistance. In this study, we characterized the genome of the A. baumannii strain DMS06669 (isolated from the sputum of a male patient with hospital-acquired pneumonia) and focused on identification of genes relevant to antibiotic resistance. METHODS: Whole genome analysis of A. baumannii DMS06669 from hospital-acquired pneumonia patients included de novo assembly; gene prediction; functional annotation to public databases; phylogenetics tree construction and antibiotics genes identification...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136017/practices-in-security-and-confidentiality-of-hiv-aids-patients-information-a-national-survey-among-staff-at-hiv-outpatient-clinics-in-vietnam
#9
Nguyen Khac Hai, Saranath Lawpoolsri, Podjanee Jittamala, Phan Thi Thu Huong, Jaranit Kaewkungwal
INTRODUCTION: Breach of confidentiality or invasion of privacy from the collection and use of medical records, particularly those of patients with HIV/AIDS or other diseases sensitive to stigmatization, should be prevented by all related stakeholders in healthcare settings. The main focus of this study was to assess practices regarding security and confidentiality of HIV-related information among staff at HIV outpatient clinics (HIV-OPCs) in Vietnam. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at all 312 HIV-OPCs across the country using an online survey technique...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135339/improving-rotavirus-vaccine-coverage-can-newer-generation-and-locally-produced-vaccines-help
#10
Jacqueline Deen, Anna Lena Lopez, Suman Kanungo, Xuan-Yi Wang, Dang Duc Anh, Milagritos Tapia, Rebecca F Grais
There are two internationally available WHO-prequalified oral rotavirus vaccines (Rotarix and RotaTeq), two rotavirus vaccines licensed in India (Rotavac and Rotasiil), one in China (Lanzhou lamb rotavirus vaccine) and one in Vietnam (Rotavin-M1), and several candidates in development. Rotavirus vaccination has been rolled out in Latin American countries and is beginning to be deployed in sub-Saharan African countries but middle- and low-income Asian countries have lagged behind in rotavirus vaccine introduction...
November 14, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130407/hiv-and-other-stis-in-male-sex-workers-findings-from-a-sexual-health-promotion-intervention-in-vietnam
#11
Lloyd A Goldsamt, Michael C Clatts, Le Minh Giang, Bao Q Le, Donn J Colby, Gary Yu
Male sex workers (MSWs) in Vietnam are at high risk for acquisition and transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), yet are extremely disengaged from the healthcare system. This contributes to large numbers of untreated or late-treated infections and increased secondary transmission. We enrolled 995 MSWs in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) in a Sexual Health Promotion intervention that included face-to-face delivery of seven content modules, a clinical examination and testing for HIV, syphilis, gonorrhea and Chlamydia...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128984/taxonomic-resolution-and-functional-traits-in-the-analysis-of-tropical-oribatid-mite-assemblages
#12
Maria A Minor, Sergey G Ermilov, Alexei V Tiunov
We analysed species-level datasets representing Oribatida assemblages along a gradient of old-growth primary tropical forests, secondary forests, and plantation forests in Dong Nai Biosphere Reserve, Vietnam. We identified patterns in abundance, species richness and species assemblages of Oribatida, then applied taxonomic sufficiency approach to the datasets. Using three levels of higher-taxon aggregation, we evaluated whether aggregated datasets are useful in identifying ecological patterns, in comparison to species-level data...
November 11, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128032/acute-effects-of-ambient-air-pollution-on-lower-respiratory-infections-in-hanoi-children-an-eight-year-time-series-study
#13
Nguyen Thi Trang Nhung, Christian Schindler, Tran Minh Dien, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Laura Perez, Nino Künzli
BACKGROUND: Lower respiratory diseases are the most frequent causes of hospital admission in children worldwide, particularly in developing countries. Daily levels of air pollution are associated with lower respiratory diseases, as documented in many time-series studies. However, investigations in low-and-middle-income countries, such as Vietnam, remain sparse. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the short-term association of ambient air pollution with daily counts of hospital admissions due to pneumonia, bronchitis and asthma among children aged 0-17 in Hanoi, Vietnam...
January 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127227/protocol-for-hospital-based-surveillance-of-cerebral-palsy-cp-in-hanoi-using-the-paediatric-active-enhanced-disease-surveillance-mechanism-paeds-vietnam-a-study-towards-developing-hospital-based-disease-surveillance-in-vietnam
#14
Gulam Khandaker, Nguyen Van Bang, Trịnh Quang Dũng, Nguyen Thi Huong Giang, Cao Minh Chau, Nguyen Thi Van Anh, Nguyen Van Thuong, Nadia Badawi, Elizabeth J Elliott
INTRODUCTION: The epidemiology, pathogenesis, management and outcomes of cerebral palsy (CP) in low-income and middle-income countries including Vietnam are unknown because of the lack of mechanisms for standardised collection of data. In this paper, we outline the protocol for developing a hospital-based surveillance system modelled on the Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance (PAEDS) system in Australia. Using PAEDS-Vietnam we will define the aetiology, motor function and its severity, associated impairments, and nutritional and rehabilitation status of children with CP in Hanoi, Vietnam...
November 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126413/leaves-from-banana-musa-nana-and-maize-zea-mays-have-no-phyto-prophylactic-effects-on-the-susceptibility-of-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella-to-aeromonas-hydrophila-infection
#15
Richard Mayrhofer, Simon Menanteau-Ledouble, Johannes Pucher, Ulfert Focken, Mansour El-Matbouli
BACKGROUND: The ubiquitous and opportunistic bacterial pathogen Aeromonas hydrophila has been associated with ulcerative dermatitis in fish, especially under stressful conditions. It can cause severe losses in fresh water aquaculture and is particularly prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions. Fresh leaves from maize and bananas have been used as feed supplement by fish farmers in Vietnam and it has been reported that they may have phyto-prophylactic benefits. In the present study, a feeding trial was conducted to investigate the benefits of providing maize and banana leaves as feed supplement: to determine if they were taken up and digested by grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), if this uptake resulted in improved growth performance, and if leaf supplementation protected fish when challenged with A...
November 10, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126109/do-prospective-payment-systems-ppss-lead-to-desirable-providers-incentives-and-patients-outcomes-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-from-developing-countries
#16
Si Ying Tan, G J Melendez-Torres
The reform of provider payment systems, from retrospective to prospective payment, has been heralded as the right move to contain costs in the light of rising health expenditures in many countries. However, there are concerns on quality trade-off. The heightened attention given to prospective payment system (PPS) reforms and the rise of empirical evidence regarding PPS interventions among developing countries suggest that a systematic review is necessary to understand the effects of PPS reforms in developing countries...
November 6, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125809/burden-of-hospitalized-childhood-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study-in-vietnam-malaysia-indonesia-and-the-republic-of-korea
#17
Kah Kee Tan, Duc Anh Dang, Ki Hwan Kim, Cissy Kartasasmita, Hwang Min Kim, Xu-Hao Zhang, Fakrudeen Shafi, Ta-Wen Yu, Emilio Ledesma, Nadia Meyer
BACKGROUND: Few studies describe the community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) burden in children in Asia. We estimated the proportion of all CAP hospitalizations in children from nine hospitals across the Republic of Korea (high-income), Indonesia, Malaysia (middle-income), and Vietnam (low/middle-income). METHODS: Over a one or two-year period, children <5 years hospitalized with CAP were identified using ICD-10 discharge codes. Cases were matched to standardized definitions of suspected (S-CAP), confirmed (C-CAP), or bacterial CAP (B-CAP) used in a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine efficacy study (COMPAS)...
November 10, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125392/medical-costs-for-the-treatment-of-cervical-cancer-at-central-hospitals-in-vietnam
#18
Anh Duy Nguyen, Minh Van Hoang, Chuong Cahn Nguyen
Cervical cancer remains the second most common cancer amongst female aged 15 to 44 years old in Vietnam. We estimated medical costs for the treatment of cervical cancer patients. We employed the standard costing approach and healthcare provider perspective. We first computed the unit cost of 22 medical services related to cervical cancer treatments and then, based on standard cervical cancer treatment protocols, we estimated the cost of nine treatment scenarios for cervical cancer patients. We found that the medical costs for treatment of cervical cancers at central hospitals in Vietnam increased as the cancer progresses into latter stages...
November 10, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124089/data-on-the-chemical-properties-of-commercial-fish-sauce-products
#19
Mitsutoshi Nakano, Yoshimasa Sagane, Ryosuke Koizumi, Yozo Nakazawa, Masao Yamazaki, Toshihiro Watanabe, Katsumi Takano, Hiroaki Sato
This data article reports on the chemical properties of commercial fish sauce products associated with the fish sauce taste and flavor. All products were analyzed in triplicate. Dried solid content was analyzed by moisture analyzer. Fish sauce salinity was determined by a salt meter. pH was measured using a pH meter. The acidity was determined using a titration assay. Amino nitrogen and total nitrogen were evaluated using a titration assay and Combustion-type nitrogen analyzer, respectively. The analyzed products originated from Japan, Thailand, Vietnam, China, the Philippines, and Italy...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121985/incidence-of-dengue-and-chikungunya-viruses-in-mosquitoes-and-human-patients-in-border-provinces-of-vietnam
#20
Kim Lien Pham Thi, Laurence Briant, Laurent Gavotte, Pierrick Labbe, Marco Perriat-Sanguinet, Emmanuel Cornillot, Trong Duoc Vu, Thi Yen Nguyen, Vu Phong Tran, Van Soai Nguyen, Christian Devaux, Aneta Afelt, Chi Cuong Tran, Thi Nga Phan, Nhu Duong Tran, Roger Frutos
BACKGROUND: Dengue virus remains a major threat in Vietnam, while chikungunya virus is expected to become one. Surveillance was conducted from 2012 to 2014 in Vietnam to assess the presence of dengue and chikungunya viruses in patients hospitalized with acute fever in five Vietnam provinces neighboring Lao PDR and Cambodia. Surveillance was extended to mosquitoes present in the vicinity of the patients' households. RESULTS: A total 558 human serum samples were collected along with 1104 adult mosquitoes and 12,041 larvae from 2250 households...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
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