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(anesth* OR anaesth*) AND review

Guilherme Naccache Namur, Anna Carolina Batista Dantas, Ricardo Jureidini, Thiago Costa Ribeiro, Ulysses Ribeiro Junior, Estela Figueira, Ivan Cecconello, Telesforo Bacchella
Background: Due to rising life expectancy of population, very complex surgical procedures such as pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), are more commonly being performed in elderly patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety of PD in patients older than 75 years old and the risk factors associated with severe complications. Methods: Patients who underwent PD for periampullary tumors were retrospectively reviewed and divided into two groups, A (<75 years) and B (>75 years)...
February 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Ji Won Seo, Sunah Kang, Chanjoo Ahn, Bita Esmaeli, Ho-Seok Sa
BACKGROUND: This study investigated surgical outcomes of full-thickness eyelid everting sutures for lower lid epiblepharon and influential factors leading to surgical failure. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of patients with lower lid epiblepharon who underwent surgical correction using the full-thickness eyelid everting suture technique. Lower lid epiblepharon was assessed preoperatively using a morphological classification (class I-IV) according to the horizontal skin fold height and a functional classification (grade 0-3) according to the severity of keratopathy...
March 21, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Je Jin Lee, Seho Lim, Yeon Sil Lee, Hwa-Yong Shin, Chong-Wha Baek, Yong Hun Jung, Young Cheol Woo, Yong-Hee Park
RATIONALE: Myoclonic movement is a rare side effect after general anesthesia. Since we use various intravenous agents during general anesthesia recently, it is troublesome to find out the exact cause of this neurologic complication. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 31-year-old female patient without any past medical history underwent hip arthroscopic surgery under general anesthesia. DIAGNOSES: Although there was no specific event during the operation, she showed a sudden myoclonic movement confined to left upper extremity in recovery room...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Haleh Saadat, Zeev N Kain
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review examines the different preventive measures that have been found to be useful to abolish or decrease the negative effects of burnout and increase resilience in anesthesiologists. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies in anesthesiology cite autonomy, control of the work environment, professional relationships, leadership, and organizational justice as the most important factors in job satisfaction. Factors such as difficulty in balancing personal and professional life, poor attention to wellness, work alcoholism, and genetic factors increase an individual's susceptibility to burnout...
March 19, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Grace Lim, Francesca L Facco, Naveen Nathan, Jonathan H Waters, Cynthia A Wong, Holger K Eltzschig
Obstetric anesthesia has evolved over the course of its history to encompass comprehensive aspects of maternal care, ranging from cesarean delivery anesthesia and labor analgesia to maternal resuscitation and patient safety. Anesthesiologists are concerned with maternal and neonatal outcomes, and with preventing and managing complications that may present during childbirth. The current review will focus on recent advances in obstetric anesthesia, including labor anesthesia and analgesia, cesarean delivery anesthesia and analgesia, the effects of maternal anesthesia on breastfeeding and fever, and maternal safety...
March 21, 2018: Anesthesiology
Tina Stopp, Michael Feichtinger, Wolfgang Eppel, Thomas M Stulnig, Peter Husslein, Christian Göbl
McArdle disease or glycogen storage disease (GSD) type V is a rare autosomal recessive inherited disorder in skeletal muscle metabolism leading to exercise intolerance, muscle cramps and in some cases to rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure due to elevated serum myoglobin levels. Albeit the uterine smooth muscle is not affected, pregnancy and delivery can be physically strenuous and may require specific anesthesiologic care. However, data on pregnancy progress and outcome and on special implications linked to anesthesia in women with McArdle's disease is scarce, thus posing a challenge to pre- and peripartal management...
March 21, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
A-K Reinhold, E Jentho, S T Schäfer, M Bauer, H L Rittner
Epigenetics, i.e. an altered reading of the genome without altering the genes themselves is a growing scientific field. A distinction is made between changes in the DNA by modification of the histones and non-coding RNA that alter the messenger (m)RNAs. Epigenetic modifications can be triggered by personal circumstances or other external factors and therefore influence the occurrence of diseases. Epigenetics are therefore of particular interest to anesthesiologists, pain specialists and intensive care physicians, as anesthetic drugs may have a long-term influence on protein transcription leading for example to alterations in neurocognition after anesthesia, chronification of postoperative pain and immune response in sepsis...
March 20, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
Linda Shore-Lesserson, Robert A Baker, Victor Ferraris, Philip E Greilich, David Fitzgerald, Philip Roman, John Hammon
Despite more than a half century of "safe" cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), the evidence base surrounding the conduct of anticoagulation for CPB has not been organized into a succinct guideline. For this and other reasons, there is enormous practice variability relating to the use and dosing of heparin, monitoring heparin anticoagulation, reversal of anticoagulation, and the use of alternative anticoagulants. To address this and other gaps, the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS), the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists (SCA), and the American Society of Extracorporeal Technology (AmSECT) developed an Evidence Based Workgroup...
March 2018: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
Anna Lindfors, Åsa Åkesson, Christian Staf, Per Sjöli, Karin Sundfeldt, Pernilla Dahm-Kähler
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare robotic and open surgery in elderly women diagnosed as having endometrial cancer, in terms of costs, survival, surgical outcome, and operating time. METHODS: Women 70 years or older undergoing open and robotic surgery for endometrial cancers were included consecutively before and after the introduction of robotic surgery at a tertiary center. Costs were calculated using the case-costing system, cost per patient, including the first 30 postoperative days...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Aine Cafferkey, Elizabeth Coyle, David Greaney, Sinead Harte, Niamh Hayes, Miriam Langdon, Birgitt Straub, Crina Burlacu
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based education is a modern training modality that allows healthcare professionals to develop knowledge and practice skills in a safe learning environment. The College of Anaesthetists of Ireland (CAI) was the first Irish postgraduate medical training body to introduce mandatory simulation training into its curriculum. Extensive quality assurance and improvement data has been collected on all simulation courses to date. AIMS: Describe The College of Anaesthetists of Ireland Simulation Training (CAST) programme and report the analysis of course participants' feedback...
March 20, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
David Benjamin Stewart MacDonald, Dana Archibald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Roberta Gualtierotti, Marco Parisi, Francesca Ingegnoli
Patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases often need orthopaedic surgery due to joint involvement. Total hip replacement and total knee replacement are frequent surgical procedures in these patients. Due to the complexity of the inflammatory rheumatic diseases, the perioperative management of these patients must envisage a multidisciplinary approach. The frequent association with extraarticular comorbidities must be considered when evaluating perioperative risk of the patient and should guide the clinician in the decision-making process...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Therapy
Chao Wei, Yucong Zhang, Gaurab Pokhrel, Xiaming Liu, Jiahua Gan, Xiao Yu, Zhangqun Ye, Shaogang Wang
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is generally accepted as the gold standard treatment for the treatment of large kidney stones (> 2 cm). For nearly 40 years, with the continuous progress of technology and the constant updating of ideas, PCNL has made great progress. In this review, we discuss the current research progress, recent advancement and hot spot of the whole process of PCNL including anesthesia, position, puncture, dilation, lithotripsy approaches, perfusate, tube placement, hospitalization time, drug, treatment of residual stones, prognosis judgment and operation evaluation by summarizing the related research in this article...
March 19, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
Yasmin Elkhashab, Andrew Ng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Coccygodynia is pain within the coccyx area. The diagnosis is made clinically with symptoms of pain in the coccyx region and worsening pain in sitting position. The initial treatment is conservative therapy. For patients who do not respond to conservative therapies, there are further interventions available. This includes local injection of local anesthetics and steroids, neurolysis of sacral nerve roots, caudal epidural block, pulse radiofrequency (PRF), intra-rectal massage and manipulation, ganglion impar block, levator ani massage and stretching, coccyx manipulation, and coccygectomy...
March 19, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Mariko Aizawa, Satoshi Ishihara, Takeshi Yokoyama, Katsuyuki Katayama
Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a recently introduced bronchoscopic treatment for patients with asthma refractory to pharmacotherapy. Intraprocedural sedation management is important for successful performance of BT. However, the results of general anesthesia in patients undergoing BT have not been well described. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of general anesthesia in patients undergoing BT. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 10 consecutive BT treatments performed under general anesthesia in 4 patients...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
Feng Wang, Xuquan Jing, Bo Liu, Xue Meng, Xindong Sun, Yongsheng Gao, Linlin Wang, Zheng Fu
Primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) of the vagina is uncommon. The present case study reports the case of a 54-year-old female with a palpable mass between the rectum and vagina. The patient presented with symptoms consistent with vaginal cancer but lacked any of the 'B' symptoms often associated with systemic lymphoma, including fever, weight loss, night sweats and fatigue. The mass was resected under anesthesia. Immunohistochemistry and biopsy confirmed diffuse large B-cell NHL (DLBCL). Following surgery, six cycles of chemotherapy with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone were administered...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Fang Yuan, Fang Yang, Wen Li, Xiai Yang, Qiong Gao, Lijie Bi, Yongli Jiang, Wen Jiang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate clinical characteristics and outcomes of nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) after convulsive status epilepticus (CSE) and determine risk factors for unfavorable outcomes. METHODS: We reviewed consecutive patients with NCSE after CSE over eight years in the neurological intensive care unit. Clinical presentations and the Salzburg EEG criteria for NCSE were used to identify patients with NCSE after CSE. Demographics, clinical features, and anti-epileptic treatment responses were collected and analyzed...
March 12, 2018: Epilepsy Research
Sarah-Hélène Müller, Jérôme M Defosse, Mark U Gerbershagen, Torsten Loop
Difficult airway management in thoracic anesthesia has rarely been addressed in current guidelines. However, difficult airway management may be a challenge in thoracic anaesthesia: Achieving lung separation and collapse in combination of potentially distorted upper airway anatomy (difficult upper airway), the presence of subglottic pathologies (difficult lower airway) and the need for one-lung ventilation (difficult lung separation). This review will focus on identification of patients at risk, recommendations and algorithms for the airway management in the anticipated and unexpected difficult in-/extubation, and choice of devices for lung separation in this context...
March 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
Torsten Loop, Johannes Spaeth
Lung separation and isolation with accomplished one-lung ventilation plays a key role in the airway management for thoracic surgery. Spectrum of indication contains thoracic surgery, procedure- and patient-dependent factors. Usually lung isolation is achieved with a double-lumen tube or a bronchial blocker. Knowledge in tracheobronchial anatomy is routinely requested for anesthesiologists just as the standard use of flexible fibreoptic bronchoscope. This review would give an overview and discussion about the airway management in patients during thoracic anesthesia with double-lumen tubes and recommendations for the clinical routine...
March 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
Angelica G Mancone, Alyssa R Dickey, Brian M Fitzgerald, Gregory P Kraus, Sandeep T Dhanjal
Introduction: Wrong site peripheral nerve blocks are included in the National Quality Forum and Joint Commission's category of "never event." Multiple attempts have been made by various groups in an effort to eliminate these events. Prior attempts to eliminate these never events include the Regional Block Preprocedural Checklist provided by the American Society of Regional Anesthesia (ASRA) taskforce. Following a series of errors involving anticoagulation prior to regional anesthesia, our department saw a need for a more comprehensive checklist...
March 15, 2018: Military Medicine
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