keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

blunt injury

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908489/work-related-fatal-injuries-in-brescia-county-northern-italy-1982-to-2015-a-forensic-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Silvia Perotti, Maria Cristina Russo
Work-related deaths represent an important social problem. We report all the occupational fatal injuries recorded by the Brescia Institute of Forensic Medicine from 1982 to 2015. A total of 426 post-mortem examinations due to accidental work injuries were retrospectively analysed according to temporal distribution (year, month and day of the workplace accident); workers' characteristics (sex, age, nationality); type of occupation; cause of death; anatomical region of fatal injuries and timing of death. The accidental occupational events occurred with a mean of 12...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903577/increased-reduction-in-exsanguination-rates-leaves-brain-injury-as-the-only-major-cause-of-death-in-blunt-trauma
#2
D Jochems, L P H Leenen, F Hietbrink, R M Houwert, K J P van Wessem
INTRODUCTION: Central nervous system (CNS) related injuries and exsanguination have been the most common causes of death in trauma for decades. Despite improvements in haemorrhage control in recent years exsanguination is still a major cause of death. We conducted a prospective database study to investigate the current incidence of haemorrhage related mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective database study of all trauma patients admitted to an urban major trauma centre between January 2007 and December 2016 was conducted...
May 23, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901544/limits-of-intravascular-contrast-extravasation-on-computed-tomography-scan-to-define-the-need-for-pelvic-angioembolization-in-pelvic-blunt-trauma-a-specific-assessment-on-the-risk-of-false-positives
#3
Séverin Ramin, Margaux Hermida, Ingrid Millet, Thibault Murez, Valérie Monnin, Mazen Hamoui, Xavier Capdevila, Jonathan Charbit
BACKROUND: The objective was to assess the predictive performance of different intravascular contrast extravasation (ICE) characteristics for need for pelvic transarterial embolization (TAE) to determine the risk factors of false-positives. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in our trauma center between 2010 and 2015. All severe trauma patients with pelvic fracture were included. Pelvic ICE characteristics on computed tomography (CT) scan were studied: arterial (aSICE), portal surface (pSICE), and extension (exSICE) anatomic relationships...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900530/cyclophilin-d-regulates-neuronal-activity-induced-filopodiagenesis-by-fine-tuning-dendritic-mitochondrial-calcium-dynamics
#4
Shaomei Sui, Jing Tian, Esha Gauba, Qi Wang, Lan Guo, Heng Du
Recent studies have highlighted the role of mitochondria in dendritic protrusion growth and plasticity. However, the detailed mechanisms that mitochondria regulate dendritic filopodia morphogenesis remain elusive. Cyclophilin D (CypD, gene name: Ppif) controls the opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP). Although the pathological relevance of CypD has been intensively investigated, little is known about its physiological function in neurons. Here, we have found that genetic depletion of or pharmaceutical inhibiton of CypD blunts the outgrowth of dendritic filopodia in response to KCl-stimulated neuronal depolarization...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888191/delayed-diagnosis-of-isolated-ureteral-injury-from-blunt-trauma
#5
Angela M Arlen, Shu Pan, John W Colberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888114/mechanical-evaluation-of-retinal-damage-associated-with-blunt-craniomaxillofacial-trauma-a-simulation-analysis
#6
Xiaoqi Geng, Xiaoyu Liu, Wei Wei, Yawei Wang, Lizhen Wang, Kinon Chen, Hongqiang Huo, Yuanjie Zhu, Yubo Fan
Purpose: To evaluate retinal damage as the result of craniomaxillofacial trauma and explain its pathogenic mechanism using finite element (FE) simulation. Methods: Computed tomography (CT) images of an adult man were obtained to construct a FE skull model. A FE skin model was built to cover the outer surface of the skull model. A previously validated FE right eye model was symmetrically copied to create a FE left eye model, and both eye models were assembled to the skull model...
May 2018: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886352/death-on-a-napoleonic-battlefield-peri-mortem-trauma-in-soldiers-from-the-battle-of-aspern-1809
#7
Michaela Binder, Leslie Quade
On the 21st -22nd of May1809 Napoleon Bonaparte saw his first major defeat on land at the Battle of Aspern, just north-east of Vienna. Of the 167,000 soldiers who fought for the French and Austrian armies, a total of 55,000 died on the battlefield. Salvage excavations prior to the construction of large urban development project (2008-2016) have revealed several burial sites related to the Battle of Aspern. The skeletal remains of 30 soldiers were excavated and underwent a detailed bioarchaeological study to elucidate both the impact of 19th-century military conditions on soldiers in life, as well as how they died on the battlefield...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886219/national-trends-of-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-tevar-versus-open-repair-in-blunt-thoracic-aortic-injury
#8
Areg Grigorian, Dean Spencer, Carlos Donayre, Jeffry Nahmias, Sebastian Schubl, Viktor Gabriel, Cristobal Barrios
BACKGROUND: Blunt thoracic aortic injury (BTAI) occurs in <1% of all trauma admissions. Considering the advent of multiple thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) devices over the past decade, improved outcomes of TEVAR supported in the literature, rapid diagnosis and improved preoperative planning of BTAI using computed tomography imaging, we hypothesized that the national incidence of TEVAR in BTAI has increased while open repair has decreased. In addition, we hypothesized that the mortality risk in BTAI patients undergoing TEVAR would be lower than open repair...
June 7, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885914/successful-treatment-of-massive-hemothorax-with-class-iv-shock-using-aortography-with-transcatheter-embolization-of-actively-bleeding-posterior-left-intercostal-arteries-after-penetrating-left-chest-trauma-a-case-for-the-hybrid-or
#9
Carolyn Moore, Golda Kwayisi, Prince Esiobu, Keren A Bashan-Gilzenrat, Leslie R Matthews, Jonathan Nguyen, Nathaniel Moriarty, Michael Liggon, Kahdi Udobi, Assad Taha, Ed Childs, Omar Danner
Hemothorax is a common occurrence after blunt or penetrating injury to the chest. Posterior intercostal vessel hemorrhage as a cause of major intrathoracic bleeding is an infrequent source of massive bleeding. Selective angiography with trans-catheter embolization may provide a minimally invasive and efficient method of controlling bleeding refractory to surgical treatment. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 19 year-old male sustained a gunshot wound to his left chest with massive hemothorax and refractory hemorrhage...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884556/long-term-sustainability-of-washington-state-s-quality-improvement-initiative-for-the-management-of-pediatric-spleen-injuries
#10
Benjamin J Booth, Stephen M Bowman, Mauricio A Escobar, Sam R Sharar
BACKGROUND: Initial results of Washington State's quality improvement initiative addressing the management of blunt traumatic pediatric spleen injuries were published in 2008. In this update, we evaluated whether these effects were sustained over time. METHODS: Data from the Washington Trauma Registry for years 1999-2001 (pre-intervention), 2003-2005 (post-intervention), and 2012-2014 (follow-up) were used in a retrospective cohort study. Children between ages 0 to 14 years who were hospitalized with a traumatic blunt spleen injury were included...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884478/blunt-cerebrovascular-injury-incidence-stroke-rate-and-mortality-with-the-expanded-denver-criteria
#11
Areg Grigorian, Nii-Kabu Kabutey, Sebastian Schubl, Christian de Virgilio, Victor Joe, Matthew Dolich, Dawn Elfenbein, Jeffry Nahmias
BACKGROUND: Blunt carotid and vertebral artery injury, collectively termed blunt cerebrovascular injury occur in less than 1% of blunt traumas. Conventional indications for screening miss up to 20% of blunt cerebrovascular injuries. Therefore, the expanded Denver criteria were created in 2012. We hypothesized the introduction of the expanded Denver criteria would lead to an increase in the national detection of blunt cerebrovascular injury with a subsequent decrease in stroke rate. METHODS: The National Trauma Data Bank was queried for blunt trauma admissions...
June 5, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882101/preliminary-report-of-percutaneous-cholecystostomy-as-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-biliary-tract-trauma
#12
Jean-Baptiste Cazauran, Arnaud Muller, Baptiste Hengy, Pierre-Jean Valette, Laurent Gruner, Olivier Monneuse
BACKGROUND: Biliary leak following severe blunt liver injuries is a complex problem becoming more frequent with improvements in non-operative management. Standard treatment requires main bile duct drainage usually performed by endoscopic sphincterotomy and stent placement. We report our experience with cholecystostomy as a first minimally invasive diagnostic and therapeutic approach. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients with post-traumatic biliary leak between 2006 and 2015...
June 7, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876644/survival-after-emergency-department-thoracotomy-in-the-pediatric-trauma-population-a-review-of-published-data
#13
Eliza E Moskowitz, Clay Cothren Burlew, Ann M Kulungowski, Denis D Bensard
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The utility of EDT in the adult trauma population, using well-defined guidelines, is well established, especially for penetrating injuries. Since the introduction of these guidelines, reports on the use of EDT for pediatric trauma have been published, and these series reveal a dismal, almost universally fatal, outcome for EDT following blunt trauma in the child. This report reviews the clinical outcomes of EDT in the pediatric population. MATERIALS/METHODS: We performed a review of EDT in the pediatric population using the published data from 1980 to 2017...
June 6, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876635/a-moving-human-body-causes-fatal-blunt-trauma-an-unusual-traffic-accident
#14
Annette Thierauf-Emberger, Andreas Lickert, Stefan Pollak
In urban traffic accidents, mainly pedestrians and cyclists are at risk of being injured and killed. Lethal injuries are usually caused by the immediate impact of a car or a tram. This paper presents a fatal accident without any direct contact with a motor vehicle. A 63-year-old woman sitting on a chair in a pavement cafe was killed by the impact of a 60-year-old male cyclist, who was flung in her direction after colliding with a car. Autopsy yielded intracutaneous haemorrhages on the impact sites of the female victim (left cheek, left shoulder and left upper arm)...
June 6, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875593/management-of-acquired-bronchopleural-fistula-due-to-chemical-pneumonia
#15
Reddy Ravikanth, Sunil Mathew, Denver Steven Pinto
Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a sinus tract between the bronchus and the pleural space that may result from a necrotizing pneumonia/empyema (anaerobic, pyogenic, tuberculous, or fungal), lung neoplasms, and blunt and penetrating lung injuries or may occur as a complication of procedures such as lung biopsy, chest tube drainage, thoracocentesis, or radiation therapy. The diagnosis and management of BPF remain a major therapeutic challenge for clinicians, and the lesion is associated with significant morbidity and mortality...
April 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872865/-successful-prehospital-emergency-thoracotomy-after-blunt-thoracic-trauma-case-report-and-lessons-learned
#16
Janosch Dahmen, Marko Brade, Christian Gerach, Martin Glombitza, Jan Schmitz, Simon Zeitter, Eva Steinhausen
BACKGROUND: The European Resuscitation Council guidelines for resuscitation in patients with traumatic cardiac arrest recommend the immediate treatment of all reversible causes, if necessary even prior to continuous chest compression. In the case of cardiac tamponade immediate emergency thoracotomy should also be considered. OBJECTIVE: The authors report the case of a 23-year-old male patient with multiple injuries including blunt thoracic trauma, which caused a witnessed cardiac arrest...
June 5, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863561/the-outcome-analysis-of-traumatic-facial-nerve-palsy-treated-with-systemic-steroid-therapy
#17
Ping-Hsun Lee, Chi-Cheng Liang, Shiang-Fu Huang, Han-Tsung Liao
PURPOSE: Although facial nerve palsy is uncommon after a blunt craniofacial injury, it will result in functional and aesthetic disability if full recovery is not achieved. Currently, the management is still controversial and mainly through systemic steroid therapy or surgical decompression. However, current studies mainly focus on the surgical intervention, and only a few of these studies discuss the details of the steroid treatments. Thus, the purpose of this study is to analyze possible prognosis factors of systemic steroid in managing traumatic facial nerve palsy after a blunt craniofacial injury retrospectively...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861368/the-utility-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-targeted-automobile-ramming-mass-casualty-tarmac-attacks
#18
Hamid Shokoohi, Ali Pourmand, Keith Boniface, Rebecca Allen, Bruno Petinaux, Babak Sarani, James P Phillips
As terrorist actors revise their tactics to outmaneuver increasing counter-terrorism security measures, a recent trend toward less-sophisticated attack methods has emerged. Most notable of these "low tech" trends are the Targeted Automobile Ramming MAss Casualty (TARMAC) attacks. Between 2014 and November 2017, 18 TARMAC attacks were reported worldwide, resulting in 181 deaths and 679 injuries. TARMAC attack-related injuries are unique compared to accidental pedestrian trauma and other causes of mass casualty incidents (MCI), and therefore they require special consideration...
May 29, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861310/a-preliminary-study-into-injuries-due-to-non-perforating-ballistic-impacts-into-soft-body-armour-over-the-spine
#19
Rosalind M Jennings, Chris Malbon, Fiona Brock, Stuart Harrisson, Debra J Carr
The UK Home Office test method for ballistic protective police body armours considers anterior torso impacts to be the worst-case scenario and tests rear armour panels to the same standards as front panels. The aim of this paper was to examine the injuries from spinal behind armour blunt trauma (BABT) impacts. This study used a cadaveric 65 kg, female pig barrel and 9 mm Luger ammunition (9 × 19 mm, FMJ Nammo Lapur Oy) into HG1/A + KR1 soft armour panels over the spine. Injuries were inspected and sections removed for x-radiography and micro-CT assessment...
May 22, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861274/selective-prereduction-radiography-in-anterior-shoulder-dislocation-the-fresno-quebec-rule
#20
Marcel Émond, Charles Gariepy, Valérie Boucher, Gregory W Hendey
BACKGROUND: Shoulder dislocation is one of the most frequent dislocations encountered by emergency physicians. Typical emergency care usually includes performing both prereduction and postreduction radiography. However, selective radiography has the potential benefits of reducing emergency department (ED) time and radiation exposure. OBJECTIVES: To refine and combine two existing clinical decision rules for selective radiography in the ED management of anterior shoulder dislocation, thus creating the Fresno-Quebec rule (FQR)...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
keyword
keyword
115832
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"