keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

blunt injury

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691906/peri-mitral-ventriculoatrial-fistula-after-blunt-thoracic-trauma
#1
Mozhgan Parsaee, Sedigheh Saedi, Roghieh Porkia
Blunt trauma to the chest can damage any thoracic organ. Heart valve damage and particularly mitral apparatus occurs relatively rare, and the patients are expected to become acutely symptomatic. However, in patients with multiple traumas, other dominant severe damages tend to draw away the attention of the physicians resulting in neglect of less salient heart injuries. Here, we present a patient with history of blunt chest trauma and incidental finding of posttraumatic severe mitral regurgitation.
April 24, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691422/pulmonary-effects-of-adjusting-tidal-volume-to-actual-or-ideal-body-weight-in-ventilated-obese-mice
#2
Elise Guivarch, Guillaume Voiriot, Anahita Rouzé, Stéphane Kerbrat, Jeanne Tran Van Nhieu, Philippe Montravers, Bernard Maitre, Armand Mekontso Dessap, Mathieu Desmard, Jorge Boczkowski
Obese patients could be more susceptible to mechanical ventilation (MV)-induced lung injury than non-obese patients due to weight-dependent changes in lung properties. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate the pulmonary effects of 2 hours low VT MV in a diet-induced obese mice model, with VT calculated on either the actual body weight (VT aw) or the ideal body weight (VT iw) . First, we hypothesized that a MV with VT aw would be associated with altered lung mechanics and an increased lung inflammation...
April 24, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689567/ampk-contributes-to-cardioprotective-effects-of-pterostilbene-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-diabetic-rats-by-suppressing-cardiac-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis
#3
Ramoji Kosuru, Yin Cai, Vidya Kandula, Dan Yan, Chunyan Wang, Hong Zheng, Yalan Li, Michael G Irwin, Sanjay Singh, Zhengyuan Xia
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pterostilbene (PT) exerts antidiabetic effects by decreasing blood glucose and modulating lipid metabolism and has been shown to attenuate myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in non-diabetic subjects. However, whether PT can protect against myocardial IR injury in diabetes is unknown. AMPK stimulation is indispensable in offering cardioprotection against myocardial IR injury in diabetes by limiting cardiac apoptosis. Thus, we hypothesized that PT may confer protection against myocardial IR injury in diabetes via AMPK activation...
April 18, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687275/pneumomediastinum-and-pneumopericardium-following-blunt-thoracic-trauma-much-ado-about-nothing
#4
David James Jackson Muckart, Timothy Craig Hardcastle, David Lee Skinner
PURPOSE: Pneumomediastinum is the hallmark of intrathoracic aerodigestive trauma, but rare following blunt injury. AIM: review of blunt thoracic trauma (BTC) for the incidence and outcome of patients with pneumomediastinum or pneumopericardium (PM/PC) on Computerised Tomographic scanning. METHODS: Admissions to the level I trauma ICU at IALCH, Durban, ZA following BTC from April 2007 to March 2014. Patients with Chest-CT-scan were analysed...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685476/low-yield-of-paired-head-and-cervical-spine-computed-tomography-in-blunt-trauma-evaluation
#5
Joseph Graterol, Maria Beylin, William D Whetstone, Ashleigh Matzoll, Rennie Burke, Jason Talbott, Robert M Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: With increased computed tomography (CT) utilization, clinicians may simultaneously order head and neck CT scans, even when injury is suspected only in one region. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine: 1) the frequency of simultaneous ordering of a head CT scan when a neck CT scan is ordered; 2) the yields of simultaneously ordered head and neck CT scans for clinically significant injury (CSI); and 3) whether injury in one region is associated with a higher rate of injury in the other...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685471/the-age-of-undertriage-current-trauma-triage-criteria-underestimate-the-role-of-age-and-comorbidities-in-early-mortality
#6
Elizabeth R Benjamin, Desmond Khor, Jayun Cho, Subarna Biswas, Kenji Inaba, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: National guidelines recommend that prehospital and emergency department (ED) criteria identify patients who might benefit from trauma center triage and highest-level trauma team activation. However, some patients who are seemingly "stable" in the field and do not meet the standard criteria for trauma activation still die. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify these at-risk patients to potentially improve triage algorithms. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the National Trauma Data Bank (2007-2012) were included...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683248/computer-guided-chin-harvest-a-novel-approach-for-autogenous-block-harvest-from-the-mandibular-symphesis
#7
Ahmed H Osman, Mohammed Atef
BACKGROUND: The introduction of CAD/CAM technology allowed clinicians to carry out complex procedures with a high level of precision and reproducibility and minimize the risk of injury during the procedure. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the efficacy of the CAD/CAM surgical guide during chin harvesting procedures in reducing the risk of neurosensory damage and patient morbidity compared with the standard technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: About 20 cases of autogenous block chin harvest were randomly into two groups...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682389/blunt-pancreatic-injury-in-major-trauma-decision-making-between-nonoperative-and-operative-treatment
#8
Christopher Ull, Sebastian Bensch, Thomas Armin Schildhauer, Justyna Swol
Blunt trauma injuries to the pancreas are rare but are associated with significant overall mortality and a high complication rate. Motor vehicle collisions are the leading cause of blunt pancreatic trauma, followed by falls, and sports injuries. We discuss the decision-making process used during the clinical courses of 3 patients with life-threatening blunt pancreatic injuries caused by traumatic falls. We also discuss the utility of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma Organ Injury Scale (AAST-OIS), which provides a system for grading pancreatic trauma...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682013/traumatic-posterior-fossa-extradural-hematoma-experience-at-level-i-trauma-center
#9
Satish Kumar Verma, Sachin Anil Borkar, Pankaj Kumar Singh, Vivek Tandon, Hitesh Kumar Gurjar, Sumit Sinha, Guru Dutta Satyarthee, Deepak Gupta, Deepak Agarwal, Bhawani Shankar Sharma
Introduction: Posterior fossa extradural hematoma (PFEDH) is rare among the traumatic brain injury and represent about 4-7% cases of all EDHs. This rare condition is rapidly fatal unless identified and intervened timely. Because of limited space in posterior fossa, comparatively small volume can cause clinical deterioration. Early diagnosis by cranial computed tomography and emergent evacuation is vital for a good outcome. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted at Level I trauma center at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681700/penile-dislocation-with-inversion-a-rare-complication-of-blunt-pelvic-injury
#10
Ravindra Sahadev, Vinay Jadhav, Narendra Babu Munianjanappa, Gowri Shankar
Penile injuries in children are usually uncommon and are predominantly associated with pelvic trauma or as postcircumcision injuries. The authors present a rare case of penile dislocation with penile inversion in a 5-year-old child occurring due to blunt pelvic injury. The child presented 3 months after pelvic injury with a suprapubic catheter for urinary diversion and absent penis with only penile skin visible. The presence of dislocated penile body was detected on magnetic resonance imaging, which was subsequently confirmed intraoperatively...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679584/remember-the-vessels-craniofacial-fracture-predicts-risk-for-blunt-cerebrovascular-injury
#11
Elina Varjonen, Frank Bensch, Tuomo Pyhältö, Mika Koivikko, Johanna Snäll
PURPOSE: The risk factors for blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVIs) are currently under intensive research, yet it is still controversial who should be screened. This study aimed to determine whether craniofacial fractures are associated with BCVI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study focused on patients with suspected polytrauma after whole-body computed tomographic angiography of the cervical arteries. Patients were reviewed for BCVI and craniofacial fractures...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679240/a-case-of-tension-faecopneumothorax-after-delayed-diagnosis-of-traumatic-diaphragmatic-hernia
#12
Tien Yew Chern, Allan Kwok, Soni Putnis
BACKGROUND: Traumatic diaphragmatic injuries from blunt or penetrating trauma are difficult to detect in the acute setting and, if missed, can result in significant morbidity and mortality in the future. We present a case demonstrating the natural progression of this resulting in faecopneumothorax, which is a rare but serious presentation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 22-year-old young man presented with left upper quadrant and chest pain, nausea, vomiting, and intermittent obstipation with a background of previous lower chest wall stabbings...
April 20, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678206/biliverdin-reductase-a-attenuated-gmh-induced-inflammatory-response-in-the-spleen-by-inhibiting-toll-like-receptor-4-through-enos-no-pathway
#13
Yiting Zhang, Yan Ding, Tai Lu, Yixin Zhang, Ningbo Xu, Devin W McBride, Jiping Tang, John H Zhang
BACKGROUND: Germinal matrix hemorrhage (GMH) is a common neurologic event with high morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. Spleen has been reported to play a critical role in inflammatory responses by regulating peripheral immune cells which contributes to secondary brain injury. METHODS: The current study investigated the mechanistic role of biliverdin reductase-A (BLVRA) in the splenic response and brain damage in neonates following a collagenase GMH model...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678197/resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-performed-by-emergency-physicians-for-traumatic-hemorrhagic-shock-a-case-series-from-japanese-emergency-rooms
#14
Ryota Sato, Akira Kuriyama, Rei Takaesu, Nobuhiro Miyamae, Wataru Iwanaga, Hayato Tokuda, Takehiro Umemura
BACKGROUND: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA), which has been increasingly used for the management of hemorrhagic shock, is a less invasive strategy for the management of patients with very severe hemorrhage. However, its effectiveness remains controversial. METHODS: This retrospective case series included trauma patients who underwent REBOA for hemorrhagic shock due to trauma in four Japanese tertiary care emergency centers from January 2013 to March 2017...
April 21, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676583/reticulocalbin-3-deficiency-in-alveolar-epithelium-exacerbated-bleomycin-induced-pulmonary-fibrosis
#15
Jiawei Jin, Xiaoqian Shi, Yongchao Li, Qianyu Zhang, Yu Guo, Chaokun Li, Pingping Tan, Qiuhong Fang, Yingmin Ma, Runlin Z Ma
Reticulocalbin 3 (Rcn3) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen protein localized to the secretory pathway. We have reported that Rcn3 plays critical role for alveolar epithelial cell type II (AECII) maturation during perinatal lung development, but its biological role in the adult lung is largely unknown. Herein, we found marked induction of Rcn3 expression in alveolar epithelium during bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis, which is most obvious in AECIIs. To further examine Rcn3 in pulmonary injury-remodeling, we generated transgenic mice to selectively delete Rcn3 in AECIIs in adulthood...
April 20, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675132/honokiol-ameliorates-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-type-1-diabetic-rats-by-reducing-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-through-activating-the-sirt1-nrf2-signaling-pathway
#16
Bin Zhang, Mengen Zhai, Buying Li, Zhenhua Liu, Kaifeng Li, Liqing Jiang, Meng Zhang, Wei Yi, Jian Yang, Dinghua Yi, Hongliang Liang, Zhenxiao Jin, Weixun Duan, Shiqiang Yu
Reducing oxidative stress is a crucial therapeutic strategy for ameliorating diabetic myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury. Honokiol (HKL) acts as an effective cardioprotective agent for its strong antioxidative activity. However, its roles and underlying mechanisms against MI/R injury in type 1 diabetes (T1D) remain unknown. Since SIRT1 and Nrf2 are pivotal regulators in diabetes mellitus patients suffering from MI/R injury, we hypothesized that HKL ameliorates diabetic MI/R injury via the SIRT1-Nrf2 signaling pathway...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671059/non-surgical-management-of-blunt-splenic-trauma-a-comparative-analysis-of-non-operative-management-and-splenic-artery-embolization-experience-from-a-european-trauma-center
#17
F Cinquantini, E Simonini, S Di Saverio, C Cecchelli, S H Kwan, F Ponti, C Coniglio, G Tugnoli, P Torricelli
PURPOSE: The objective of our study was to retrospectively compare the outcomes of non-operative management (NOM) and splenic artery embolization (SAE) in the management of hemodynamically stable patients with splenic injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a 5-year period, 109 patients were recorded; 60/109 were treated with NOM and 49/109 with SAE. For each patient, the following parameters were assessed: Glasgow coma scale, injury severity score, American Association for the Surgery of Trauma splenic injury grade, transfusion requirements, hemoglobin level, presence of a splenic vascular lesion (SVL) and amount of hemoperitoneum (Bessoud scale)...
April 18, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669712/er-chaperone-grp78-protects-heart-from-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-through-akt-activation
#18
Xukun Bi, Guangyu Zhang, Xiaoding Wang, Chau Yt Nguyen, Herman I May, Xiaoting Li, Ali Al-Hashimi, Richard C Austin, Thomas G Gillette, Guo Sheng Fu, Zhao V Wang, Joseph A Hill
<u>Rationale:</u> Restoration of coronary artery blood flow is the most effective means of ameliorating myocardial damage triggered by ischemic heart disease. However, coronary reperfusion elicits an increment of additional injury to the myocardium. Accumulating evidence indicates that the unfolded protein response (UPR) in cardiomyocytes is activated by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Xbp1s, the most highly conserved branch of the UPR, is protective in response to cardiac I/R injury. GRP78, a master regulator of the UPR and an Xbp1s target, is up-regulated after I/R...
April 18, 2018: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669572/one-year-and-three-year-mortality-prediction-in-adult-major-blunt-trauma-survivors-a-national-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#19
Ting Hway Wong, Nivedita Vikas Nadkarni, Hai V Nguyen, Gek Hsiang Lim, David Bruce Matchar, Dennis Chuen Chai Seow, Nicolas K K King, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
BACKGROUND: Survivors of trauma are at increased risk of dying after discharge. Studies have found that age, head injury, injury severity, falls and co-morbidities predict long-term mortality. The objective of our study was to build a nomogram predictor of 1-year and 3-year mortality for major blunt trauma adult survivors of the index hospitalization. METHODS: Using data from the Singapore National Trauma Registry, 2011-2013, we analyzed adults aged 18 and over, admitted after blunt injury, with an injury severity score (ISS) of 12 or more, who survived the index hospitalization, linked to death registry data...
April 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668810/predictors-of-chest-drainage-complications-in-trauma-patients
#20
Cecília Araújo Mendes, Elcio Shiyoiti Hirano
OBJECTIVE: to identify predictors of chest drainage complications in trauma patients attended at a University Hospital. METHODS: we conducted a retrospective study of 68 patients submitted to thoracic drainage after trauma, in a one-year period. We analyzed gender, age, trauma mechanism, trauma indices, thoracic and associated lesions, environment in which the procedure was performed, drainage time, experience of the performer, complications and evolution. RESULTS: the mean age of the patients was 35 years and the male gender was the most prevalent (89%)...
2018: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
keyword
keyword
115832
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"