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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753711/chloroplast-phylogeny-of-aa-genome-rice-species
#1
Ali Mohammad Moner, Agnelo Furtado, Robert J Henry
Whole chloroplast genome sequence analysis of 58 wild and domesticated rice samples was used to investigate their phylogeny providing more detail on the biogeography of the major groups of wild A genome rices globally. An optimized chloroplast assembly method was developed and applied to extracting high quality whole chloroplast genome sequences from shot gun whole DNA sequencing data. Forty complete high quality chloroplast genome sequences were assembled (including; temperate japonica, tropical japonica and aus)...
May 10, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752515/epidemiology-and-pathophysiology-of-neurogenic-bladder-after-spinal-cord-injury
#2
Rizwan Hamid, Marcio Augusto Averbeck, Humberto Chiang, Arturo Garcia, Riyad T Al Mousa, Seung-June Oh, Anita Patel, Mauricio Plata, Giulio Del Popolo
Spinal cord injury (SCI) usually affects younger age groups with male preponderance. The most common traumatic cause is road traffic accident followed by sports accidents and gun-shot injuries. Infections and vascular events make up non-traumatic causes. There is regional variance in incidence and prevalence of SCI. Most systematic reviews have been undertaken from USA, Canada, and Australia with only few from Asia with resultant difficulty in estimation of worldwide figures. Overall, the incidence varies from 12 to more than 65 cases/million per year...
May 11, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739330/proteome-wide-analysis-of-anopheles-culicifacies-mosquito-midgut-new-insights-into-the-mechanism-of-refractoriness
#3
Sonam Vijay, Ritu Rawal, Kavita Kadian, Jagbir Singh, Tridibesh Adak, Arun Sharma
BACKGROUND: Midgut invasion, a major bottleneck for malaria parasites transmission is considered as a potential target for vector-parasite interaction studies. New intervention strategies are required to explore the midgut proteins and their potential role in refractoriness for malaria control in Anopheles mosquitoes. To better understand the midgut functional proteins of An. culicifacies susceptible and refractory species, proteomic approaches coupled with bioinformatics analysis is an effective means in order to understand the mechanism of refractoriness...
May 8, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712580/staged-endovascular-repair-of-a-gun-shot-to-the-liver-with-retrohepatic-caval-injury-and-stent-thrombosis
#4
Graham G Laurence, Jordan M Kirsch, Daniel E Carney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680676/loaded-gun-involvement-among-opioid-users
#5
Michael D Stein, Shannon R Kenney, Bradley J Anderson, Genie L Bailey
INTRODUCTION: Despite ample research examining how alcohol use relates to gun involvement, little is known about the relationship between opioids and gun involvement. In the current study, we examined correlates of gun possession, accessibility, and related behaviors in an opioid dependent sample. METHODS: Between October 2016 and April 2017, we surveyed persons entering a brief, inpatient opioid detoxification (n = 386) and 51 contemporaneous persons seeking alcohol detoxification at the same facility in Massachusetts and recorded their lifetime experiences with gun involvement...
April 16, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670192/mansonella-ozzardi-mitogenome-and-pseudogene-characterisation-provides-new-perspectives-on-filarial-parasite-systematics-and-co-1-barcoding
#6
James Lee Crainey, Michel Abanto Marín, Túllio Romão Ribeiro da Silva, Jansen Fernandes de Medeiros, Felipe Arley Costa Pessoa, Yago Vinícius Santos, Ana Carolina Paulo Vicente, Sérgio Luiz Bessa Luz
Despite the broad distribution of M. ozzardi in Latin America and the Caribbean, there is still very little DNA sequence data available to study this neglected parasite's epidemiology. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences, especially the cytochrome oxidase (CO1) gene's barcoding region, have been targeted successfully for filarial diagnostics and for epidemiological, ecological and evolutionary studies. MtDNA-based studies can, however, be compromised by unrecognised mitochondrial pseudogenes, such as Numts...
April 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547872/imaging-and-electron-energy-loss-spectroscopy-using-single-nanosecond-electron-pulses
#7
Matthieu Picher, Kerstin Bücker, Thomas LaGrange, Florian Banhart
We implement a parametric study with single electron pulses having a 7 ns duration to find the optimal conditions for imaging, diffraction, and electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) in the single-shot approach. Photoelectron pulses are generated by illuminating a flat tantalum cathode with 213 nm nanosecond laser pulses in a 200 kV transmission electron microscope (TEM) with thermionic gun and Wehnelt electrode. For the first time, an EEL spectrometer is used to measure the energy distribution of single nanosecond electron pulses which is crucial for understanding the ideal imaging conditions of the single-shot approach...
March 13, 2018: Ultramicroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511853/wounding-potential-of-4-4-mm-173-caliber-steel-ball-projectiles
#8
Thomas Kamphausen, Katharina Janßen, Sibylle Banaschak, Markus Alexander Rothschild
From time to time, severe or fatal injuries caused by small caliber air rifle projectiles are seen. In forensic sciences, the theoretical wounding potential of these weapons and projectiles is widely known. Usually, shots against the skull were reported and, in these cases, penetrating the eyes or thin bone layers of the temporal region. Amongst a huge number of different projectiles available for air guns, sub-caliber 4.4-mm (.173) caliber steel ball projectiles were used in an unusual suicide case. This case led to fundamental questions concerning wound ballistics...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481053/characterization-of-mega-dalton-sized-nanoparticles-by-superconducting-tunnel-junction-cryodetection-mass-spectrometry
#9
David M Sipe, Logan D Plath, Alexander A Aksenov, Jonathan S Feldman, Mark E Bier
The characterization of nanomaterials is critical to understand the size/structure-dependent properties of these particles. In this report, a form of heavy ion mass spectrometry, namely, superconducting tunnel junction (STJ) cryodetection mass spectrometry (MS) is used to characterize quantum dot semiconductor nanocrystals and gold nanoparticles. The nanoparticles studied ranged in mass from 200 kDa to >1.5 MDa and included lead sulfide quantum dots, various cadmium selenide and/or telluride-based core-shell quantum dots coated with different ligands, and gold nanoparticles...
March 27, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478002/gunshot-victimisations-resulting-from-high-volume-gunfire-incidents-in-minneapolis-findings-and-policy-implications
#10
Christopher S Koper, William D Johnson, Kenneth Stesin, Jeffery Egge
Laws restricting large ammunition magazines for semiautomatic weapons are intended to reduce firearm deaths and injuries by preventing gun attacks involving high numbers of shots. However, data on shootings from high-volume gunfire (HVG) incidents are extremely limited. This study examined gunshot victimisations resulting from HVG attacks (>10 shots fired) using police data on shootings in Minneapolis, Minnesota from January through August 2014 (n=135 to 167). Shots fired estimates were generated from police reports based on physical evidence recovered, reported gunshot victims, and accounts of witnesses and actors...
February 24, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477880/effectiveness-of-pneumatically-powered-penetrating-and-non-penetrating-captive-bolts-in-stunning-cattle
#11
Steffan Edward Octávio Oliveira, Neville George Gregory, Filipe Antonio Dalla Costa, Troy John Gibson, Osmar Antonio Dalla Costa, Mateus José Rodrigues Paranhos da Costa
This study assessed the effectiveness of penetrating (PCB; 190 psi; N = 363) and non-penetrating captive bolt guns (NPCB; 210-220 psi; N = 92) to stun a total of 455 cattle (Zebu and Zebu Cross). Physical bolt parameters (momentum, kinetic energy and energy density) were evaluated. Clinical indicators of brain function were recorded after stunning (GR), after being hoisted (HO) and at the bleeding rail (BL). Physical bolt parameters (bolt velocity, momentum, kinetic energy, energy density and sectional density) were significantly higher (P < 0...
June 2018: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449118/shot-by-a-gun-%C3%A2-missed-by-a-provider
#12
Eddie Garcia, Abdul H Zaid, Diane P Calello, Lisa McHugh, Grant Arzumanov, Najaf Asrar, Ari Sapin, Kristin G Fless
BACKGROUND: Botulism is a paralytic disease caused by the neurotoxin produced by Clostridium botulinum. The majority of cases are due to ingestion or injection drug use. Wound botulism from traumatic injury is exceedingly rare, with only one to two cases reported each year in the United States. CASE REPORT: A 27-year-old man presented to the Emergency Department with diplopia, dysphagia, and progressive weakness 10 days after sustaining a gunshot wound to his right lower leg...
April 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438587/managing-penetrating-renal-trauma-experience-from-two-major-trauma-centres-in-the-uk
#13
Marios Hadjipavlou, Edmund Grouse, Robert Gray, Denosshan Sri, Dean Huang, Christian Brown, Davendra Sharma
OBJECTIVES: To present our series of patients with penetrating renal trauma treated at two urban major trauma centres and to discuss the contemporary management of such injuries. METHODS: We reviewed prospective urological trauma databases for all patients presenting with penetrating renal trauma between January 2005 and October 2016. Patient demographics, clinical characteristics, imaging, management and follow-up data were analysed. RESULTS: Over the 11-year period, 63 patients presented with penetrating renal injuries...
February 13, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391177/usefulness-of-preoperative-ultrasound-for-the-evaluation-of-testicular-rupture-in-the-setting-of-scrotal-gunshot-wounds
#14
Ryan Powers, Stephen Hurley, Edward Park, Brian McArdle, Patricia Vidal, Sarah P Psutka, Courtney M P Hollowell
PURPOSE: A scrotal gunshot wound may result in testicular injury, necessitating urgent scrotal exploration and attempted testicular salvage. Scrotal ultrasound is highly sensitive and specific for testicular rupture in the setting of blunt scrotal trauma but it has been poorly studied in the setting of scrotal gunshot wounds. Our objective was to determine the accuracy of scrotal ultrasound to identify testicular rupture following a scrotal gunshot wound. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with a scrotal gunshot wound from 2003 to 2014 in whom preoperative ultrasound was done prior to scrotal exploration...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385666/characterization-of-a-multimodular-endo-%C3%AE-1-4-glucanase-cel9k-from-paenibacillus-sp-x4-with-a-potential-additive-for-saccharification
#15
Jae Pil Lee, Yoon A Kim, Sung Kyum Kim, Hoon Kim
An endo-β-1,4-glucanase gene, cel9K, was cloned using the shot-gun method from Paenibacillus sp. X4, which was isolated from alpine soil. The gene was 2,994 bp in length, encoding a protein of 997 amino acid residues with a predicted signal peptide composed of 32 amino acid residues. Cel9K was a multimodular enzyme, and the molecular mass and theoretical pI of the mature Cel9K were 103.5 kDa and 4.81, respectively. Cel9K contains the GGxxDAGD, PHHR, GAxxGG, YxDDI, and EVxxDYN motifs found in most glycoside hydrolase family 9 (GH9)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316517/functional-metagenomics-reveals-a-novel-carbapenem-hydrolyzing-mobile-beta-lactamase-from-indian-river-sediments-contaminated-with-antibiotic-production-waste
#16
Nachiket P Marathe, Anders Janzon, Stathis D Kotsakis, Carl-Fredrik Flach, Mohammad Razavi, Fanny Berglund, Erik Kristiansson, D G Joakim Larsson
Evolution has provided environmental bacteria with a plethora of genes that give resistance to antibiotic compounds. Under anthropogenic selection pressures, some of these genes are believed to be recruited over time into pathogens by horizontal gene transfer. River sediment polluted with fluoroquinolones and other drugs discharged from bulk drug production in India constitute an environment with unprecedented, long-term antibiotic selection pressures. It is therefore plausible that previously unknown resistance genes have evolved and/or are promoted here...
January 6, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294946/safe-from-harm-youth-self-report-of-physical-assault-in-child-welfare-placements
#17
Jesse J Helton, Tatiana Gochez-Kerr
Although most child welfare placements receive a rigorous assessment and ongoing safety monitoring, it is still unclear which is safest in terms of physical abuse. Our goals for this study were to assess the relative risk of physical assault for different child welfare placements in a national sample of youth and examine that risk within placement types for children with various levels of behavioral problems. Unlike previous studies of assault prevalence, we constrained our analysis to youth self-reports of assaults within a current placement to increase validity...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227447/heat-shock-proteins-in-human-perilymph-implications-for-cochlear-implantation
#18
Heike Schmitt, Ariane Roemer, Carsten Zeilinger, Rolf Salcher, Martin Durisin, Hinrich Staecker, Thomas Lenarz, Athanasia Warnecke
OBJECTIVE: Biomarkers reflecting the etiology and pathophysiology of inner ear diseases are limited. Evaluation of proteins in the perilymph may improve our understanding of inner ear disease. Heat shock proteins (HSP) belong to a superfamily of stress proteins and promote refolding of denatured proteins. The aim of the study was to analyze HSP in human perilymph and to identify possible correlation with audiological and etiologic data. METHODS: Sampling of the perilymph was performed during cochlear implantation and vestibular schwannoma removal...
January 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202338/cranial-trauma-in-handgun-executions-experimental-data-using-polyurethane-proxies
#19
Seth C Taylor, Elena F Kranioti
Gun violence is a global phenomenon with regional variation in frequency and severity. Handguns are often used in violent deaths such as suicides and homicides. Hence, ballistic trauma is a critical subject of forensic investigations. Trauma patterns are fundamental evidence for the reconstruction of the incident and for the determination of the manner of death. This study investigated the differences in trauma patterns with a series of experiments using six different calibers (.22 LR, .38 Special, .380 ACP, 9×19mm, ...
January 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161377/transmission-and-persistence-of-incf-conjugative-plasmids-in-the-gut-microbiota-of-full-term-infants
#20
Anuradha Ravi, Lorena Valdés-Varela, Miguel Gueimonde, Knut Rudi
Conjugative plasmids represent major reservoirs for horizontal transmission of antibiotic resistance and virulence genes. Our knowledge about the ecology and persistence of these plasmids in the gut microbiota remains limited. The IncF plasmids are the most widespread in clinical samples and in healthy humans and the main aim of this work was to study their ecology and association with the developing gut microbiota. Using a longitudinal (2, 10, 30 and 90 days) cohort of full-term infants, we investigated the transmission and persistence of IncFIA and IncFIB plasmids...
January 1, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
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