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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717964/wound-morphology-in-contact-shots-from-blank-cartridge-handguns-a-study-on-composite-models
#1
Rebecca Pircher, Markus Große Perdekamp, Annette Thierauf-Emberger, Lena Kramer, Stefan Pollak, Dorothee Geisenberger
It is a well-known fact that blank cartridge guns can cause penetrating and even fatal injuries when discharged in contact or at very close ranges. In these cases, the gas jet perforates the skin leaving an entrance wound similar to that from a conventional gun. In order to investigate the wound morphology in contact shots from blank firearms, test shots were fired at composite models of pig skin and gelatin blocks using three different calibre 9-mm blank cartridge handguns (two pistols and one revolver) and two types of ammunition...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710235/renal-fistulae-different-aetiologies-similar-management
#2
Ved Bhaskar, Rahul Janak Sinha, Bimalesh Purkait, Vishwajeet Singh
Iatrogenic renocolic fistulae, although have been described in literature, is a rare clinical complication. Recently its incidence is on rise due to advent of minimally invasive surgery and percutaneous surgery of kidney. It has been reported after percutaneous nephrolithotomy but its incidence after percutaneous nephrostomy is quite uncommon and rarely reported. Though spontaneous renocutaneous fistula has been reported, acquired renocutaneous fistula is very uncommon and fistula after gun shot injury has not been reported to the best of our knowledge...
July 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706004/feedback-microtubule-control-and-microtubule-actin-cross-talk-in-arabidopsis-revealed-by-integrative-proteomic-and-cell-biology-analysis-of-katanin-1-mutants
#3
Tomáš Takáč, Olga Šamajová, Tibor Pechan, Ivan Luptovčiak, Jozef Šamaj
Microtubule organization and dynamics are critical for key developmental processes such as cell division, elongation and morphogenesis. Microtubule severing is an essential regulator of microtubules, and is exclusively executed by KATANIN 1 in Arabidopsis. In this study we comparatively studied the proteome-wide effects in two KATANIN 1 mutants. Thus, shot-gun proteomic analysis of roots and aerial parts of single nucleotide mutant fra2 and T-DNA insertion mutant ktn1-2 was carried out. We have detected 42 proteins differentially abundant in both fra2 and ktn1-2 KATANIN 1 dysfunction altered abundances of proteins involved in development, metabolism and stress responses...
July 13, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684708/porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-in-europe-in-detail-analyses-of-disease-dynamics-and-molecular-epidemiology
#4
Dennis Hanke, Anne Pohlmann, Carola Sauter-Louis, Dirk Höper, Julia Stadler, Mathias Ritzmann, Adi Steinrigl, Bernd-Andreas Schwarz, Valerij Akimkin, Robert Fux, Sandra Blome, Martin Beer
Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) is an acute and highly contagious enteric disease of swine caused by the eponymous virus (PEDV) which belongs to the genus Alphacoronavirus within the Coronaviridae virus family. Following the disastrous outbreaks in Asia and the United States, PEDV has been detected also in Europe. In order to better understand the overall situation, the molecular epidemiology, and factors that might influence the most variable disease impact; 40 samples from swine feces were collected from different PED outbreaks in Germany and other European countries and sequenced by shot-gun next-generation sequencing...
July 6, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667955/a-pulse-to-pulse-timing-jitter-measurement-between-two-synchronized-amplified-laser-beams-for-ttx
#5
Dong Wang, Lixin Yan, Zan Nie, Qili Tian, Jin Yang, Jianfei Hua, Yingchao Du, Wenhui Huang
In China, Tsinghua Thomson Scattering X-ray Source (TTX) is the dedicated hard X-ray source based on the Thomson scattering between a terawatt ultrashort laser and a relativistic electron beam. In the TTX, two synchronized Ti: sapphire laser systems generate the terawatt ultrashort infrared scattering laser and the ultraviolet driving laser for the photocathode RF gun to produce the electron beam; measuring the timing jitter between the electron beam and the laser beam is an essential task for the X-ray source...
June 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665922/hospital-association-of-the-gut-microbiota-mobilome-in-preterm-infants
#6
Anuradha Ravi, Eva Lena F Estensmo, Trine M L'Abée-Lund, Steven L Foley, Bernhard Allgaier, Camilia R Martin, Erika C Claud, Knut Rudi
BACKGROUND: The preterm infant gut microbiota is vulnerable to different biotic and abiotic factors. Although the development of this microbiota has been extensively studied, the mobilome i.e., mobile genetic elements(MGEs) in the gut microbiota has not been considered. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the association of the mobilome with the birthweight and hospital location in the preterm infant gut microbiota. METHODS: The dataset consists of fecal samples from 62 preterm infants with and without NEC from three different hospitals...
June 30, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662150/a-viral-metagenomic-approach-on-a-non-metagenomic-experiment-mining-next-generation-sequencing-datasets-from-pig-dna-identified-several-porcine-parvoviruses-for-a-retrospective-evaluation-of-viral-infections
#7
Samuele Bovo, Gianluca Mazzoni, Anisa Ribani, Valerio Joe Utzeri, Francesca Bertolini, Giuseppina Schiavo, Luca Fontanesi
Shot-gun next generation sequencing (NGS) on whole DNA extracted from specimens collected from mammals often produces reads that are not mapped (i.e. unmapped reads) on the host reference genome and that are usually discarded as by-products of the experiments. In this study, we mined Ion Torrent reads obtained by sequencing DNA isolated from archived blood samples collected from 100 performance tested Italian Large White pigs. Two reduced representation libraries were prepared from two DNA pools constructed each from 50 equimolar DNA samples...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661608/-spongy-microporous-tampon-for-mechanical-clearance-of-a-gun-shot-wounos
#8
R N Mikhaylusov
Application of a spongy microporous tampon in accordance to technology elaborated was proposed for enhancement of the mechanical clearance efficacy of the gun-shot soft tissues wounds. A procedure of manufacturing and application of spongy microp- orous tampon for the mechanical clearance of a gun-shot wounds was depicted. The clearance efficacy was improved due to application of the method elaborated, wit- nessing possibility of its usage on all stages of the surgical aid delivery.
August 2016: Klinichna Khirurhiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611731/the-genomic-architecture-of-novel-simulium-damnosum-wolbachia-prophage-sequence-elements-and-implications-for-onchocerciasis-epidemiology
#9
James L Crainey, Jacob Hurst, Poppy H L Lamberton, Robert A Cheke, Claire E Griffin, Michael D Wilson, Cláudia P Mendes de Araújo, María-Gloria Basáñez, Rory J Post
Research interest in Wolbachia is growing as new discoveries and technical advancements reveal the public health importance of both naturally occurring and artificial infections. Improved understanding of the Wolbachia bacteriophages (WOs) WOcauB2 and WOcauB3 [belonging to a sub-group of four WOs encoding serine recombinases group 1 (sr1WOs)], has enhanced the prospect of novel tools for the genetic manipulation of Wolbachia. The basic biology of sr1WOs, including host range and mode of genomic integration is, however, still poorly understood...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594807/-development-of-surgery-of-combined-gun-shot-osteo-vascular-injuries-of-extremities-middle-xix-century-middle-xx-century
#10
A V Shteĭnle
The presented review by the example of a long historical period traces the development of surgery of combined gun-shot osteo-vascular injuries of extremities, also describing both objective and subjective causes of unsatisfactory outcomes of treatment and presenting ways of solving the problem of treatment of these injuries during the period after World War II.
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540714/arbitrarily-primed-pcr-for-comparison-of-meta-genomes-and-extracting-useful-loci-from-them
#11
Leigh Burgoyne, Lin Y Koh, David Catcheside
A method is described that uses arbitrarily primed PCR followed by many cycles of amplification under stringent conditions and selection by computational means to obtain a set of sequence tags that can be used for the comparison of metagenomes. Relative to unselective shot-gun sequencing, the results are small data sets that can be csompared electronically or plotted as scattergrams that are simple to interpret. The method can be used to compare groups of samples of any size to build in-house databases from which, for example, the provenance of trace soil samples may be inferred...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498136/gunshot-wound-in-an-18-year-old-woman-inflicted-with-a-hunting-weapon-through-an-obstacle-mobile-phone-reconstruction-of-events
#12
Anna Smędra, Przemysław Sidelnik, Wojciech Goryca, Jarosław Berent
The article presents a case of an 18-year-old woman wounded by a shot fired from a distance with a hunting weapon. Because the location of the entrance and exit wounds initially seemed inconsistent with the reports (both wounds were described as "large and irregular in shape") and no photographs documenting the inflicted injuries were taken, the case was referred for an opinion to the Department of Forensic Medicine in Lodz. After a review of the medical records, radiology, the victim's clothing, and performance of an experiment using the gun and ammunition, it was established that the entrance wound was located on the abdomen, and the exit wound was located on the buttock...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481962/the-association-between-urban-tree-cover-and-gun-assault-a-case-control-and-casecrossover-study
#13
Michelle C Kondo, Eugenia C South, Charles C Branas, Therese S Richmond, Douglas J Wiebe
Green space and vegetation may play a protective role for urban violence. We investigated whether being near urban tree cover during outdoor activities related to being assaulted with a gun. We conducted GIS-assisted interviews with 10- to 24-year old males in Philadelphia, PA including 135 patients who had been shot with a firearm and 274 community controls, between 2008-2011. Each subject reported a step-by-step mapped account of where and with whom they travelled over a full day from waking until being assaulted or going to bed...
May 6, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469758/frequent-immediate-knowledge-of-results-enhances-the-increase-of-throwing-velocity-in-overarm-handball-performance
#14
Igor Štirn, Jamie Carruthers, Marko Šibila, Primož Pori
In the present study, the effect of frequent, immediate, augmented feedback on the increase of throwing velocity was investigated. An increase of throwing velocity of a handball set shot when knowledge of results was provided or not provided during training was compared. Fifty female and seventy-three male physical education students were assigned randomly to the experimental or control group. All participants performed two series of ten set shots with maximal effort twice a week for six weeks. The experimental group received information regarding throwing velocity measured by a radar gun immediately after every shot, whereas the control group did not receive any feedback...
February 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448860/a-unique-presentation-of-renal-cell-transformation-into-renal-cell-carcinoma-in-subcutaneous-fatty-tissue-post-twenty-year-old-healing-gun-shot-wound-a-case-report
#15
Awadh R Alqahtani, Mohammed A Alqahtani
INTRODUCTION: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common malignancy in the genitourinary tract, and is among the 10 most common cancers in both males and females. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 61-year-old male who presented with a cutaneous lesion on his left back side at a site where he had undergone several surgeries - including Left nephrectomy - twenty years ago for a gun-shot wound he sustained which penetrated his abdomen. DISCUSSION: At that time pathology reports turned out to be normal, specially left kidney pathology report which was negative for any malignancy...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433852/efficiency-of-low-versus-high-airline-pressure-in-stunning-cattle-with-a-pneumatically-powered-penetrating-captive-bolt-gun
#16
Steffan Edward Octávio Oliveira, Neville George Gregory, Filipe Antonio Dalla Costa, Troy John Gibson, Mateus José Rodrigues Paranhos da Costa
The efficiency of stunning cattle was assessed in 443 animals (304 pure Zebu and 139 crossbred cattle), being mainly mature bulls and cows. Cattle were stunned using a Jarvis pneumatically powered penetrating captive bolt gun operating with low (160-175psi, N=82) and high (190psi, N=363) airline pressure, which was within the manufactures specifications. Signs of brain function and the position of the shots on the heads were recorded after stunning. Velocity of the captive bolt and its physical parameters were calculated...
August 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428973/compression-of-high-density-0-16-pc-electron-bunches-through-high-field-gradients-for-ultrafast-single-shot-electron-diffraction-the-compact-rf-gun
#17
Hazem Daoud, Klaus Floettmann, R J Dwayne Miller
We present an RF gun design for single shot ultrafast electron diffraction experiments that can produce sub-100 fs high-charge electron bunches in the 130 keV energy range. Our simulations show that our proposed half-cell RF cavity is capable of producing 137 keV, 27 fs rms (60 fs FWHM), 10(6) electron bunches with an rms spot size of 276 μm and a transverse coherence length of 2.0 nm. The required operation power is 9.2 kW, significantly lower than conventional rf cavity designs and a key design feature...
July 2017: Structural Dynamics (Melville, N.Y.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403495/-diagnosis-and-therapeutic-management-in-kidney-ureter-and-bladder-trauma
#18
Karin Hirsch, Marco Heinz, Bernd Wullich
Trauma refers to the destruction of tissues or organs by external forces and it is the most common cause of mortality and morbidity in children (1, 2). Injuries of the genitourinary tract may be the result of blunt (falls, sport injuries, motor vehicle accidents and sexual abuse) or penetrating (stab wounds, gun shots, falling onto sharp objects) injuries. The genitourinary tract is significantly injured in 2.9% of paediatric trauma patients 4.In the paediatric population, the kidney is the most affected organ in the genitourinary tract (>60% of all genitourinary tract injuries) 4...
February 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394667/differences-between-acoustic-trauma-and-other-types-of-acute-noise-induced-hearing-loss-in-terms-of-treatment-and-hearing-prognosis
#19
Tetsuro Wada, Hajime Sano, Shin-Ya Nishio, Ryosuke Kitoh, Tetsuo Ikezono, Satoshi Iwasaki, Kimitaka Kaga, Atsushi Matsubara, Tatsuo Matsunaga, Takaaki Murata, Yasushi Naito, Mikio Suzuki, Haruo Takahashi, Testuya Tono, Hiroshi Yamashita, Akira Hara, Shin-Ichi Usami
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the differences between acoustic trauma (AT) and other types of acute noise-induced hearing loss (ANIHL), we performed a literature search and case reviews. METHODS: The literature search based on online databases was completed in September 2016. Articles on ANIHL and steroid treatment for human subjects were reviewed. The source sounds and treatment sequelae of our accumulated cases were also reviewed. Hearing loss caused by gun-shots and explosions was categorized into the AT group, while hearing loss caused by concerts and other noises was categorized into the ANIHL group...
2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367245/the-prognostic-impact-of-the-carcinoembryonic-antigen-in-ampullary-cancer-a-retrospective-single-center-study
#20
Hannah Fuellgraf, Oliver Schilling, Zon Weng Lai, Birte Kulemann, Sylvia Timme, Frank Makowiec, Jasmin H Shahinian, Jens Hoeppner, Martin Werner, Ulrich T Hopt, Ulrich F Wellner, Peter Bronsert
Background: Carcinoembryonic antigen cell adhesion molecule (CEA) is a commonly immunohistochemically used antibody in pathological routine diagnostics with an overexpression in different cancers. We aimed to examine the immunohistochemically detectable CEA level in ampullary cancer and to correlate it with clinico-pathological data. Methods: Shot-gun proteomics revealed CEA in undifferentiated ampullary cancer cell lines. Next, tumor tissue of 40 ampullary cancers of a retrospective single center cohort of 40 patients was stained immunohistochemically for CEA; CEA expression was determined and correlated with clinico-pathological data...
2017: Journal of Cancer
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