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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498136/gunshot-wound-in-an-18-year-old-woman-inflicted-with-a-hunting-weapon-through-an-obstacle-mobile-phone-reconstruction-of-events
#1
Anna Smędra, Przemysław Sidelnik, Wojciech Goryca, Jarosław Berent
The article presents a case of an 18-year-old woman wounded by a shot fired from a distance with a hunting weapon. Because the location of the entrance and exit wounds initially seemed inconsistent with the reports (both wounds were described as "large and irregular in shape") and no photographs documenting the inflicted injuries were taken, the case was referred for an opinion to the Department of Forensic Medicine in Lodz. After a review of the medical records, radiology, the victim's clothing, and performance of an experiment using the gun and ammunition, it was established that the entrance wound was located on the abdomen, and the exit wound was located on the buttock...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481962/the-association-between-urban-tree-cover-and-gun-assault-a-case-control-and-casecrossover-study
#2
Michelle C Kondo, Eugenia C South, Charles C Branas, Therese S Richmond, Douglas J Wiebe
Green space and vegetation may play a protective role for urban violence. We investigated whether being near urban tree cover during outdoor activities related to being assaulted with a gun. We conducted GIS-assisted interviews with 10- to 24-year old males in Philadelphia, PA including 135 patients who had been shot with a firearm and 274 community controls, between 2008-2011. Each subject reported a step-by-step mapped account of where and with whom they travelled over a full day from waking until being assaulted or going to bed...
May 6, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469758/frequent-immediate-knowledge-of-results-enhances-the-increase-of-throwing-velocity-in-overarm-handball-performance
#3
Igor Štirn, Jamie Carruthers, Marko Šibila, Primož Pori
In the present study, the effect of frequent, immediate, augmented feedback on the increase of throwing velocity was investigated. An increase of throwing velocity of a handball set shot when knowledge of results was provided or not provided during training was compared. Fifty female and seventy-three male physical education students were assigned randomly to the experimental or control group. All participants performed two series of ten set shots with maximal effort twice a week for six weeks. The experimental group received information regarding throwing velocity measured by a radar gun immediately after every shot, whereas the control group did not receive any feedback...
February 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448860/a-unique-presentation-of-renal-cell-transformation-into-renal-cell-carcinoma-in-subcutaneous-fatty-tissue-post-twenty-year-old-healing-gun-shot-wound-a-case-report
#4
Awadh R Alqahtani, Mohammed A Alqahtani
INTRODUCTION: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common malignancy in the genitourinary tract, and is among the 10 most common cancers in both males and females. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 61-year-old male who presented with a cutaneous lesion on his left back side at a site where he had undergone several surgeries - including Left nephrectomy - twenty years ago for a gun-shot wound he sustained which penetrated his abdomen. DISCUSSION: At that time pathology reports turned out to be normal, specially left kidney pathology report which was negative for any malignancy...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433852/efficiency-of-low-versus-high-airline-pressure-in-stunning-cattle-with-a-pneumatically-powered-penetrating-captive-bolt-gun
#5
Steffan Edward Octávio Oliveira, Neville George Gregory, Filipe Antonio Dalla Costa, Troy John Gibson, Mateus José Rodrigues Paranhos da Costa
The efficiency of stunning cattle was assessed in 443 animals (304 pure Zebu and 139 crossbred cattle), being mainly mature bulls and cows. Cattle were stunned using a Jarvis pneumatically powered penetrating captive bolt gun operating with low (160-175psi, N=82) and high (190psi, N=363) airline pressure, which was within the manufactures specifications. Signs of brain function and the position of the shots on the heads were recorded after stunning. Velocity of the captive bolt and its physical parameters were calculated...
August 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428973/compression-of-high-density-0-16-pc-electron-bunches-through-high-field-gradients-for-ultrafast-single-shot-electron-diffraction-the-compact-rf-gun
#6
Hazem Daoud, Klaus Floettmann, R J Dwayne Miller
We present an RF gun design for single shot ultrafast electron diffraction experiments that can produce sub-100 fs high-charge electron bunches in the 130 keV energy range. Our simulations show that our proposed half-cell RF cavity is capable of producing 137 keV, 27 fs rms (60 fs FWHM), 10(6) electron bunches with an rms spot size of 276 μm and a transverse coherence length of 2.0 nm. The required operation power is 9.2 kW, significantly lower than conventional rf cavity designs and a key design feature...
July 2017: Structural Dynamics (Melville, N.Y.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403495/-diagnosis-and-therapeutic-management-in-kidney-ureter-and-bladder-trauma
#7
Karin Hirsch, Marco Heinz, Bernd Wullich
Trauma refers to the destruction of tissues or organs by external forces and it is the most common cause of mortality and morbidity in children (1, 2). Injuries of the genitourinary tract may be the result of blunt (falls, sport injuries, motor vehicle accidents and sexual abuse) or penetrating (stab wounds, gun shots, falling onto sharp objects) injuries. The genitourinary tract is significantly injured in 2.9% of paediatric trauma patients 4.In the paediatric population, the kidney is the most affected organ in the genitourinary tract (>60% of all genitourinary tract injuries) 4...
February 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394667/differences-between-acoustic-trauma-and-other-types-of-acute-noise-induced-hearing-loss-in-terms-of-treatment-and-hearing-prognosis
#8
Tetsuro Wada, Hajime Sano, Shin-Ya Nishio, Ryosuke Kitoh, Tetsuo Ikezono, Satoshi Iwasaki, Kimitaka Kaga, Atsushi Matsubara, Tatsuo Matsunaga, Takaaki Murata, Yasushi Naito, Mikio Suzuki, Haruo Takahashi, Testuya Tono, Hiroshi Yamashita, Akira Hara, Shin-Ichi Usami
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the differences between acoustic trauma (AT) and other types of acute noise-induced hearing loss (ANIHL), we performed a literature search and case reviews. METHODS: The literature search based on online databases was completed in September 2016. Articles on ANIHL and steroid treatment for human subjects were reviewed. The source sounds and treatment sequelae of our accumulated cases were also reviewed. Hearing loss caused by gun-shots and explosions was categorized into the AT group, while hearing loss caused by concerts and other noises was categorized into the ANIHL group...
April 10, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367245/the-prognostic-impact-of-the-carcinoembryonic-antigen-in-ampullary-cancer-a-retrospective-single-center-study
#9
Hannah Fuellgraf, Oliver Schilling, Zon Weng Lai, Birte Kulemann, Sylvia Timme, Frank Makowiec, Jasmin H Shahinian, Jens Hoeppner, Martin Werner, Ulrich T Hopt, Ulrich F Wellner, Peter Bronsert
Background: Carcinoembryonic antigen cell adhesion molecule (CEA) is a commonly immunohistochemically used antibody in pathological routine diagnostics with an overexpression in different cancers. We aimed to examine the immunohistochemically detectable CEA level in ampullary cancer and to correlate it with clinico-pathological data. Methods: Shot-gun proteomics revealed CEA in undifferentiated ampullary cancer cell lines. Next, tumor tissue of 40 ampullary cancers of a retrospective single center cohort of 40 patients was stained immunohistochemically for CEA; CEA expression was determined and correlated with clinico-pathological data...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284443/a-study-of-gunshot-residue-distribution-for-close-range-shots-with-a-silenced-gun-using-optical-and-scanning-electron-microscopy-x-ray-microanalysis-and-infrared-spectroscopy
#10
Zuzanna Brożek-Mucha
Detailed physical and chemical analysis of gunshot residue deposited in the nearest vicinity of a submachine gun alone and with a sound suppressor was performed. The studies were inspired by recent shooting cases with the use of a firearm with a silencer and the need to estimate the shooting distance to human body naked and covered with clothing. A series of experiments were performed in the shooting range using a machine pistol and the appropriate ammunition cal. 7.65mm Browning. Targets were placed in the range of 0-30cm from the gun and covered either with white cotton fabric or a porcine skin that mocked people's clothing and the naked skin...
March 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282143/proteome-analysis-of-human-perilymph-using-an-intraoperative-sampling-method
#11
Heike A Schmitt, Andreas Pich, Anke Schröder, Verena Scheper, Giorgio Lilli, Günter Reuter, Thomas Lenarz
The knowledge about the etiology and pathophysiology of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is still very limited. This study aims at the improvement of understanding different types of SNHL by proteome analysis of human perilymph. Sampling of perilymph was established during inner ear surgeries (cochlear implantation, vestibular schwannoma surgeries), and safety of the sampling method was determined by checking hearing threshold with pure-tone audiometry postoperatively. An in-depth shot-gun proteomics approach was performed to identify cochlear proteins and the individual proteome in perilymph of patients...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164044/accidental-bolt-gun-injury-to-femur-a-case-report
#12
Ravi Prasad Kattimani, Sanath Shetty, Humayun Mirza
INTRODUCTION: Bolt gun or slaughterer's guns are used in meat industry for "humane killing" of animals. Injuries caused by bolt gun are rare, reported exclusively from central European countries. We report a case of 28 year old male, who accidentally shot himself with a bolt gun to his right thigh. CASE REPORT: A 28 years old male presented to our Accident and Emergency department after accidental injury to his right thigh with bolt gun. He had an entry wound measuring 2 cm in length and 1 cm in breadth over anterior aspect of lower one third of thigh at lower and sustained Grade II compound fracture of right femur shaft at distal one third...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107990/combined-use-of-peptide-ion-and-normalized-delta-scores-to-evaluate-milk-authenticity-by-ion-trap-based-proteomics-coupled-with-error-tolerant-searching
#13
Donatella Nardiello, Anna Natale, Carmen Palermo, Maurizio Quinto, Diego Centonze
A fundamental issue in proteomics is the peptide identification by database searching and the assessment of the goodness of fit between experimental and theoretical data. Despite the different number of ways to measure the quality of search results, the definition of a scoring criterion is still highly desirable in ion-trap based proteomics. Indeed, in order to fully take advantage of a low resolution MS/MS dataset, it is essential to strike a balance between greater information capture and reduced number of incorrect peptide assignments...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105494/suicide-with-two-makes-of-captive-bolt-guns-livestock-stunners-fired-simultaneously-to-the-forehead
#14
Rebecca Pircher, Dorothee Geisenberger, Markus Große Perdekamp, Merja Neukamm, Stefan Pollak, Ulrike Schmidt, Annette Thierauf-Emberger
In humans, most fatalities from slaughterer's guns are suicides committed by persons familiar with stunning devices. The great majority of cases accounts for shots to the head, especially the frontal region. Only a small number of two subsequent cranial shots from captive-bolt humane killers have been reported up to now. In the case presented by the authors, a suicide by simultaneous shots to the head fired from two different makes of captive-bolt guns (one of them having two separate outlets for the combustion gases in the muzzle plane, the other type having no additional openings) is described for the first time...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078445/energy-dependent-expansion-of-177-caliber-hollow-point-air-gun-projectiles
#15
Ronald Werner, Benno Schultz, Britta Bockholdt, Axel Ekkernkamp, Matthias Frank
Amongst hundreds of different projectiles for air guns available on the market, hollow-point air gun pellets are of special interest. These pellets are characterized by a tip or a hollowed-out shape in their tip which, when fired, makes the projectiles expand to an increased diameter upon entering the target medium. This results in an increase in release of energy which, in turn, has the potential to cause more serious injuries than non-hollow-point projectiles. To the best of the authors' knowledge, reliable data on the terminal ballistic features of hollow-point air gun projectiles compared to standard diabolo pellets have not yet been published in the forensic literature...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055070/modeling-contagion-through-social-networks-to-explain-and-predict-gunshot-violence-in-chicago-2006-to-2014
#16
Ben Green, Thibaut Horel, Andrew V Papachristos
Importance: Every day in the United States, more than 200 people are murdered or assaulted with a firearm. Little research has considered the role of interpersonal ties in the pathways through which gun violence spreads. Objective: To evaluate the extent to which the people who will become subjects of gun violence can be predicted by modeling gun violence as an epidemic that is transmitted between individuals through social interactions. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study was an epidemiological analysis of a social network of individuals who were arrested during an 8-year period in Chicago, Illinois, with connections between people who were arrested together for the same offense...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028921/oscillospira-and-related-bacteria-from-metagenomic-species-to-metabolic-features
#17
Uri Gophna, Tom Konikoff, Henrik Bjørn Nielsen
Oscillospira is an under-studied anaerobic bacterial genus from Clostridial cluster IV that has resisted cultivation for over a century since the first time it was observed. In recent years its 16S rRNA gene was identified in several human gut microbiota studies where it was often associated with interesting traits, especially leanness. However, very little is known about its metabolism or physiology. Here we used nearly complete genomes derived from shot-gun metagenomic data from the human gut to analyze Oscillospira and related bacteria...
December 28, 2016: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964989/heavy-metals-in-the-mallard-anas-platyrhynchos-from-eastern-austria
#18
Christof Plessl, Peter Jandrisits, Regina Krachler, Bernhard K Keppler, Franz Jirsa
A total of 77 specimens of the mallard Anas platyrhynchos were sampled from the eastern part of Austria before the ban on lead gun shot for hunting water fowl. Samples of muscle and liver were analyzed for their content of Cr, Cu, Zn, Ag, Cd, Hg and Pb using atomic absorption spectrometry. In addition the Hg content of feather samples from this aquatic bird species was evaluated. Results generally show higher concentrations of the metals in the liver compared to muscle; for mercury the concentrations were feathers>liver>muscle...
February 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943495/the-mitochondrial-complexome-of-arabidopsis-thaliana
#19
Jennifer Senkler, Michael Senkler, Holger Eubel, Tatjana Hildebrandt, Christian Lengwenus, Peter Schertl, Markus Schwarzländer, Stephan Wagner, Ilka Wittig, Hans-Peter Braun
Mitochondria are central to cellular metabolism and energy conversion. In plants they also enable photosynthesis through additional components and functional flexibility. A majority of those processes relies on the assembly of individual proteins to larger protein complexes, some of which operate as large molecular machines. There has been a strong interest in the makeup and function of mitochondrial protein complexes and protein-protein interactions in plants, but the experimental approaches used typically suffer from selectivity or bias...
December 10, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805995/rapid-thrombelastography-thresholds-for-goal-directed-resuscitation-of-patients-at-risk-for-massive-transfusion
#20
Peter M Einersen, Ernest E Moore, Michael P Chapman, Hunter B Moore, Eduardo Gonzalez, Christopher C Silliman, Anirban Banerjee, Angela Sauaia
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled hemorrhage is a leading cause of mortality after trauma accounting for up to 40% of deaths. Massive transfusion protocols offer a proven benefit in resuscitation of these patients. Recently, the superiority of thrombelastography (TEG)-guided resuscitation over strategies guided by conventional clotting assays has been established. We seek to determine optimal thresholds for rapid (r)-TEG driven resuscitation. METHODS: The r-TEG data were reviewed for 190 patients presenting to our level 1 trauma center from 2010 to 2015...
January 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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