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video assisted thoracic surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221311/uniportal-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-lobectomy-in-a-patient-with-carcinoid-tumor-located-at-the-orifice-of-the-right-lower-lobe
#1
Semih Halezeroğlu
We present here a 47-year old male patient who had a typical carcinoid tumor located at the orifice of right lower lobe bronchus underwent uniportal thoracoscopic lower lobectomy following bronchoscopic removal of the endobronchial tumor. Tumor was seen by bronchoscopy to protrude out from the lower lobe into the intermediary bronchus obstructing the lower lobe completely and the middle lob partially. However, the origin of the endobronchial tumor was in the distal part of the lower lobe bronchus. In this case, open surgery could be an alternative to save the middle lobe by incising the lower lobe bronchus to pull out the endobronchial tumor first during thoracotomy...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221309/uniportal-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-right-upper-posterior-segmentectomy-with-systematic-mediastinal-lymphadenectomy
#2
Guofei Zhang, Zhijun Wu, Yimin Wu, Gang Shen, Ying Chai
Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has now evolved into a sophisticated technique that can be used in some of the most complex thoracic procedures; however, this approach to segmentectomy is not standardized, and the surgical procedure varies between surgeons. Here, we describe the use of our uniportal VATS procedure during right upper posterior segmentectomy in a patient with a nodule in the right upper lobe. Subsequent mediastinal lymphadenectomy was performed. The patient has recovered well after surgery...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221307/bronchial-interrupted-suture-anastomosis-for-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-vats-right-upper-lobe-resection
#3
Qianli Ma, Qiduo Yu, Deruo Liu
A 60 years old man with right upper lobe squamous cell carcinoma was admitted in the department of thoracic surgery after receiving two cycles of chemotherapy. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed the mass reduce to 2.0×1.5 cm. No contraindications or metastasis was found after routine preoperative examination. It took 3 hours to complete this operation. Final pathology stage was T3N0M0, stage IIA. This patient discharged on the 7th postoperative day with no complications.
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221305/left-upper-lobectomy-and-pulmonary-angioplasty-by-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery
#4
Kaihua Tian, Ronghua Yang, Bin Han
Diego Gonzalez-Rivas and his colleagues performed the first case for pulmonary major resection by the uniportal approach in 2010. In the following years, more and more expert surgeons developed the uniportal approach and even applied it to very complex cases. Many centers have showed that uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy is a safe and feasible technique. The patient presented here is a complex case: The lingular segmental artery was invaded seriously by the tumor and it was difficult to divide it freely, and the pulmonary artery plasty was needed...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221304/microinvasive-segmentectomy-in-a-sculpting-manner-a-case-of-vats-left-s1-2-segmentectomy
#5
Liang Xue, Yunfeng Yuan
A ground-glass opacity (GGO) lesion was discovered in a 64-year-old female 1 year ago. One month before administration, a follow-up CT showed the lesion in the apical segment of left upper lobe had increased from 8 to 11 mm in diameter. The lesion was diagnosed to be cT1aN0M0 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and a 3-port video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) anatomic segmentectomy was performed. Intraoperative frozen sections revealed a microinvasive adenocarcinoma. Systematic lymph node dissection was then carried out...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221298/the-redax%C3%A2-coaxial-drain-in-pulmonary-lobectomy-a-study-of-efficacy
#6
Ottavio Rena, Sara Parini, Esther Papalia, Fabio Massera, Davide Turello, Guido Baietto, Caterina Casadio
Background: Pleural drainage is required after pulmonary lobectomy to evacuate air-leak and fluid. We compared the performance of the new Redax® Coaxial Drain (CD) (Redax, Mirandola, Italy) with a standard chest tube (CT) in terms of fluid and air-leak evacuation. Methods: Fifty-two patients receiving a 24-F CD under water-seal after pulmonary lobectomy through open surgery or video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) were matched according to demographic, clinical and pathological variables with 104 patients receiving a 24-F CT...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221285/robot-assisted-thoracic-surgery-for-complex-procedures
#7
Shuenn-Wen Kuo, Pei-Ming Huang, Mong-Wei Lin, Ke-Cheng Chen, Jang-Ming Lee
Background: As an option for minimally invasive thoracic surgery, robot-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) has shown comparable perioperative outcomes to those achieved by traditional video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). It is unknown whether RATS might have any potential benefits in more complex thoracic surgical procedures, which usually require open surgery instead of VATS. The current study presents a preliminary result regarding the use of RATS in complex thoracic operations in an attempt to address this unresolved question...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218675/thoracotomy-versus-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-vats-in-stage-iii-empyema-an-analysis-of-217-consecutive-patients
#8
Martin Reichert, Bernd Pösentrup, Andreas Hecker, Emmanuel Schneck, Jörn Pons-Kühnemann, Florian Augustin, Winfried Padberg, Dietmar Öfner, Johannes Bodner
BACKGROUND: Pleural empyema is an infectious disease of the chest cavity, with a high morbidity and mortality. According to the American Thoracic Society, pleural empyema gets graduated into three stages, with surgery being indicated in intermediate stage II and chronic stage III. Evidence for the feasibility of a minimally-invasive video-assisted thoracoscopic approach in stage III empyema for pulmonary decortication is still little. METHODS: Retrospective single-center analysis of patients conducted to surgery for chronic stage III pleural empyema from 05/2002 to 04/2014 either by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS, n = 110) or conventional open surgery by thoracotomy (n = 107)...
December 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215824/pulmonary-histoplasmosis-identified-by-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-vats-biopsy-a-case-report
#9
Ye Jin Lee, Hye Rin Kang, Jin Hwa Song, Sooim Sin, Sang Min Lee
Histoplasmosis is a common endemic mycosis in North, Central, and South America, but Korea is not known as an endemic area. We treated an immunocompetent Korean patient who had histoplasmosis. A 65-year-old Korean man presented with multiple pulmonary clumps of tiny nodules in the both lungs. He had been diagnosed 40 years earlier with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and a fungus ball had been diagnosed 4 years earlier. He denied any history of overseas travel. The patient visited our hospital with dyspnea, blood-tinged sputum, and weight loss, which had appeared 2 months earlier...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193768/initial-experience-of-sleeve-lobectomy-under-complete-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery
#10
Shaohua Ma, Tianshen Yan, Dandan Liu, Keyi Wang, Jingdi Wang, Jintao Song, Tong Wang, Wei He, Jie Bai, Liang Jin, Hailong Liang
PURPOSE: Review the initial results of a single-center complete video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) sleeve lobectomy and discuss the key procedure of this operation, in addition to its safety and feasibility. METHODS: Retrospectively analyze the perioperative data of 11 patients who accepted complete VATS sleeve lobectomy between May 2013 and Jun 2017 in Peking University Third Hospital, try to evaluate the safety of this procedure. All the patients were followed up and their oncological recurrence and metastasis were observed, and feasibility of VATS sleeve lobectomy for lung cancer was evaluated...
November 29, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191649/multilevel-thoracic-paravertebral-block-using-ropivacaine-with-without-dexmedetomidine-in-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery
#11
Jianghui Xu, Xiaoyu Yang, Xiaobing Hu, Xiaofeng Chen, Jun Zhang, Yingwei Wang
OBJECTIVES: Thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) is reported to have advantages in postoperative pain management in unilateral thoracic surgeries. Previous studies have demonstrated that dexmedetomidine could be used as an adjuvant to local anesthetics, with the aim of prolonging the duration of neural blockade. However, little is known about whether such a combination could improve the quality of postoperative analgesia compared with local anesthetic only when TPVB is used for patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191241/preoperative-detection-of-pleural-adhesions-by-respiratory-dynamic-computed-tomography
#12
Junko Tokuno, Tsuyoshi Shoji, Ryota Sumitomo, Yuichiro Ueda, Keiji Yamanashi, Cheng-Long Huang
BACKGROUND: Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) plays an important role in thoracic surgery because it is less invasive. However, the existence of severe pleural adhesions may make VATS difficult and complicated. The aim of this study was to assess the utility of inspiration and expiration computed tomography (respiratory dynamic CT (RD-CT)) in evaluation of pleural adhesions preoperatively. METHODS: RD-CT was performed on 107 patients undergoing thoracotomies (both VATS and open)...
December 1, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188054/solitary-pulmonary-capillary-hemangioma-presents-as-ground-glass-opacity-on-computed-tomography-indicating-adenocarcinoma-in-situ-atypical-adenomatous-hyperplasia-a-case-report
#13
Yanmei Zhu, Ning Qu, Lili Sun, Xiao Meng, Xiaoyan Li, Yong Zhang
Solitary pulmonary capillary hemangioma (SPCH) is a rare type of benign lung tumor, which must be distinguished from early lung cancer and precancerous lesions of the lung that manifest in a similar way upon imaging. The current study describes a case of SPCH and a review of the literature is performed. The patient was a 40-year-old Chinese woman who was referred to the Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute (Shenyang, China) in October, 2015 with a cough without obvious inducement. Computed tomography (CT) demonstrated pure ground glass opacity (GGO) in the right upper lung...
December 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182741/off-label-use-of-thoracic-aortic-endovascular-stent-grafts-to-simplify-difficult-resections-and-procedures-in-general-thoracic-surgery
#14
Tanja Walgram, Nicolas Attigah, Igor Schwegler, Markus Weber, Omer Dzemali, Christian Berthold, Dirk Wagnetz, Giovanni L Carboni
OBJECTIVES: Tumour infiltration, or gross infectious involvement of the thoracic aortic wall, poses a significant intraoperative risk for fatal bleeding and therefore could compromise adequate resection or efficient surgical management of pleural infection in a considerable amount of cases. We present 3 successful cases of off-label thoracic aortic endografting to safeguard thoracic aortic wall integrity. METHODS: After all patients received thoracic stent grafts through femoral access into the descending aorta, the first patient underwent a resection of a locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the left inferior lobe cT4cN0-1cM0 after neoadjuvant chemoradiation, which had infiltrated the descending aortic wall...
November 22, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181041/video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-in-hemothorax-evacuation-after-cardiac-surgery-or-cardiac-interventions
#15
Aladdin Bashir, Omar Daraghma, Zbigniew Brzeziński, Dawid Imiełowski, Piotr Daszkiewicz, Witold Gwoźdź, Jerzy Stupała, Paweł Tomaszewski, Jacek Kaperczak
Introduction: Cardiac surgery and cardiac interventions are associated with the risk of iatrogenic complications, including hemothorax. Minimally invasive methods of evacuating hemothorax include video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Aim: This paper presents this method and provides its detailed analysis. Material and methods: The VATS procedures were used to evacuate hemothorax in 8 patients (7 after cardiac surgery and 1 after a cardiac intervention)...
September 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178305/en-bloc-resection-with-the-assistance-of-video-assisted-thoracoscopy-for-left-lower-lung-cancer-invading-thoracic-vertebrae-and-rib-a-case-report
#16
Yun Liang, Peng Liu, Xiao-Gang Zhou, Xi-Lei Li, Hong Lin, Nong Chen, Di Ge, Jian Dong
Lung cancer invading the spine was previously considered unresectable and fatal and, consequently, there are few reports focusing on tumors located in the lower lung lobe and invading the spine. With the development of spinal instrumentation and surgical techniques, and wider acceptance of spondylectomy by surgeons, radical surgical resection has become feasible. Here, we present a case of a male patient with a left lower lung cancer invading thoracic vertebrae who underwent complete resection with sagittal en bloc hemivertebrectomy with video-assisted thoracoscopy...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169795/paravertebral-block-for-thoracic-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Francine D'Ercole, Harendra Arora, Priya A Kumar
Local anesthetic injected into a wedge-shaped space lateral to the spinal nerves as they emerge from the intervertebral foramina produces somatosensory and sympathetic nerve blockade effective for anesthesia and for managing pain of unilateral origin from the chest and abdomen. Paravertebral blockade (PVB) is versatile and may be applied unilaterally or bilaterally. Unlike thoracic epidural, the PVB technique may be used to avoid contralateral sympathectomy, thereby minimizing hypotension and leading to better preservation of blood pressure...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155978/results-of-repeated-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-for-recurrent-pneumothorax-after-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#18
Sukki Cho, Sanghoon Jheon, Dong Kwan Kim, Hyeong Ryul Kim, Dong Myung Huh, Sungsoo Lee, Kyoung Min Ryu, Deog Gon Cho
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the causes of recurrent pneumothorax and to evaluate the results of repeated video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for recurrent pneumothorax after VATS wedge resection for primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP). METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on 188 patients with recurrent PSP, of a population of 1414 patients who underwent VATS wedge resection for PSP. Reoperations were performed when an air leak persisted longer than 3 days after closed thoracostomy, when a visible bulla of greater than 1 cm on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) was observed and when rerecurrence took place after other treatments...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152497/molecular-analysis-driven-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-resections-in-bilateral-synchronous-lung-cancers-from-the-test-tube-to-the-operatory-room
#19
REVIEW
Sergio Nicola Forti Parri, Barbara Bonfanti, Alessandra Cancellieri, Dario De Biase, Rocco Trisolini, Stefania Zoboli, Luca Bertolaccini, Piergiorgio Solli, Giovanni Tallini
Synchronous cancers are not such rare clinical conditions. Nevertheless, even after the 8th edition of the TNM classification of the lung cancer, the surgical approach for patients presenting with synchronous bilateral lung cancer is still under debate. The resection of both lesions in the case of synchronous bilateral lung cancer is reasonable, but, on the other hand, is the lobectomy the correct choice in the event of the single primary with a contralateral metastatic lesion? In this case report, we describe how the molecular analysis and the detection of the EGFR, KRAS and TP53 mutations in both tumours have determined in a patient the two tumours as primary and both the right surgical approach...
October 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132701/postoperative-outcome-after-pulmonary-surgery-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-elderly-patients
#20
Deniece D E M A Detillon, Eelco J Veen
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the main cause of cancer-related death in the Netherlands. Surgery offers the best potential cure, but lower rates of surgery are recorded for octogenarians because of concerns regarding morbidity and mortality. METHODS: We analyzed the Dutch Lung Surgery Audit database to determine the postoperative outcome of lung cancer resections for patients aged 60 years or more between January 2013 and December 2014. Three groups were compared: patients aged 80 years or more, patients aged 70 to 79 years, and patients aged 60 to 69 years...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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