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video assisted thoracic surgery

Herbert Decaluwé, René Horsleben Petersen, Alex Brunelli, Cecilia Pompili, Agathe Seguin-Givelet, Lucile Gust, Clemens Aigner, Pierre-Emmanuel Falcoz, Philippe Rinieri, Florian Augustin, Youri Sokolow, Ad Verhagen, Lieven Depypere, Kostas Papagiannopoulos, Dominique Gossot, Xavier Benoit D'Journo, Francesco Guerrera, Jean-Marc Baste, Thomas Schmid, Alessia Stanzi, Dirk Van Raemdonck, Jeremy Bardet, Pascal-Alexandre Thomas, Gilbert Massard, Steffen Fieuws, Johnny Moons, Christophe Dooms, Paul De Leyn, Henrik Jessen Hansen
OBJECTIVES: Large retrospective series have indicated lower rates of cN0 to pN1 nodal upstaging after video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) compared with open resections for Stage I non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The objective of our multicentre study was to investigate whether the presumed lower rate of N1 upstaging after VATS disappears after correction for central tumour location in a multivariable analysis. METHODS: Consecutive patients operated for PET-CT based clinical Stage I NSCLC were selected from prospectively managed surgical databases in 11 European centres...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Pichapong Tunsupon, Ayesha Arshad, Sumit Patel, M Jeffery Mador
BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary sequestration is a congenital abnormality of the primitive foregut. In adults, the typical age at presentation is 20-25 years. CASE REPORT: A 64-year-old female was referred for evaluation of an 8 × 6-cm right lower lobe cystic lesion. Her medical history was significant for recurrent right lower lobe pneumonia requiring multiple hospitalizations. Her physical examination was significant for crackles at the right lung base. Computed tomography (CT) of the chest with contrast showed cystic changes with thickened septation of the medial segment of the right lower lobe lacking distinct visceral pleura and with arterial supply from the anomalous branch of the thoracic aorta arising near the celiac trunk...
2017: Ochsner Journal
Sandoval Lage da Silva, Rossano Kepler Alvim Fiorelli, Maria Ribeiro Santos Morard
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the quality of life of patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopy for primary hyperhidrosis. METHODS: we evaluated the patients who underwent thoracoscopic sympathectomy to treat primary hyperhidrosis by the team of thoracic surgery at the University Hospital Gaffrée and Guinle - UNIRIO between July 2004 and August 2013. It was applied a questionnaire about quality of life related to hyperhidrosis since preoperative period until one year after the surgery...
July 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Yuji Otsuki, Hiroaki Kuwahara, Hirofumi Konn
OBJECTIVE: The rate of surgical resection of lung cancer in patients on hemodialysis is expected to increase due to the development of hemodialysis, improved diagnosis of lung cancer, and increases in the number and age of patients. However, studies assessing outcomes of lung resection in these patients are limited. In this retrospective case series, we investigated the safety and efficacy of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for lobectomy or segmentectomy for lung cancer in patients on hemodialysis...
October 9, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Antonella LoMauro, Andrea Aliverti, Melania Chiesa, Margherita Cattaneo, Emilia Privitera, Davide Tosi, Mario Nosotti, Luigi Santambrogio, Alessandro Palleschi
OBJECTIVES: The video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) approach is encouraged over postero-lateral thoracotomy (PLT) for lobectomy in lung cancer. We compare the ribcage kinematics during exercise before and after both procedures, assuming that VATS, being minimally invasive, could better preserve ribcage expansion. METHODS: Thirty-one patients undergoing lobectomy by means of VATS ( n  = 20) or PLT ( n  = 11) were compared presurgery, after chest drainage removal ( T 1 ) and 2 months post-surgery ( T 2 ) during quiet breathing and incremental exercise...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Alireza Jahangiri Fard, Behrooz Farzanegan, Ali Khalili, Nejatali Ebrahimi Ahmadabad, Abolghasem Daneshvar Kakhaki, Tahereh Parsa, Maziyar Mahjoobifard, Mohammad Khabiri, Majid Golestani Eraghi
BACKGROUND: Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is a minimally invasive procedure that is growing more common around the world. Despite causing less pain compared open thoracic surgery, postoperative pain management is still important. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare the analgesic effects of paracetamol and ketorolac in VATS patients. METHODS: This was a double-blinded randomized clinical trial conducted on 70 patients undergoing lobectomy or segmentectomy due to lung masses, using video-assisted methods...
December 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Biniam Kidane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Mahmoud Ismail, Marc Swierzy, Dania Nachira, Jens C Rückert
Fast-tracking patients in surgery has become standard in many hospitals. This allows for a shorter hospital stay and a complete organized pathway for treating patients. The operative trauma has an important role in the patient's recovery, as has the increasing use of minimally invasive procedures. In thoracic surgery, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) procedures are aimed at reducing the operative trauma. One of the latest developments of VATS is represented by the uniportal approach, whose purpose is to reduce postoperative pain and morbidity...
November 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
Alberto Sandri, Alan D L Sihoe, Michele Salati, Diego Gonzalez-Rivas, Alessandro Brunelli
Interest in uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is rapidly growing worldwide because it represents the surgical approach to the lung with the least possible trauma. Specific training in this surgical approach is crucial due to its technical implications, to perform it safely while upholding the required therapeutic radicality. Novel strategies, such as interactive learning technologies, simulators, high-volume preceptorships, and targeted proctorships, play important roles in the training for uniportal VATS which, ideally, should be standardized, governed, and credentialed by national and international surgical societies to ensure patient safety and academic responsibility...
November 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
Sekhniaidze Dmitrii, Kononets Pavel
Several minimally invasive approaches for esophagectomy have been described, including robot-assisted esophagectomy and hybrid techniques, total transhiatal laparoscopic approach, esophagectomy using right thoracoscopy, combined laparoscopic and right thoracoscopic esophagectomy, and esophageal resection through mediastinoscopy. However, very few publications have focused on the uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) approach. The authors describe their technique of the minimally invasive esophagectomy using uniportal VATS as the thoracic step...
November 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
Hui Zheng, Xue-Fei Hu, Ge-Ning Jiang, Jia-An Ding, Yu-Ming Zhu
Nonintubated video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) strategies are gaining popularity. This review focuses on noninutbated VATS, and discusses advantages, indications, anesthetic techniques, and approaches to intraoperative crisis management. Advances in endoscopic, endovascular, and robotic techniques have expanded the range of surgical procedures that can be performed in a minimally invasive fashion. The nonintubated thoracoscopic approach has been adapted for use with major lung resections. The need for general anesthesia and endotracheal intubation has been reexamined, such that regional or epidural analgesia may be sufficient for cases where lung collapse can be accomplished with spontaneous ventilation and an open hemithorax...
November 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
Hyun Koo Kim, Kook Nam Han
This article addresses technical details of uniportal VATS segmentectomy by lung segments, suggesting available techniques for lesion localization and identification of the intersegmental plane. Long-term results and superiority have not yet been characterized in standard VATS for lung malignancy. Indications include almost all thoracic procedures currently performed by conventional multiport VATS. We review our experience and published literature on the feasibility of uniportal VATS segmentectomy.
November 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
Takashi Suda
In recent years, the subxiphoid approach has been used to avoid intercostal nerve damage in the field of thoracic surgery. A subxiphoid single-port thymectomy does not require sternotomy; it is associated with lesser pain because there is no intercostal nerve damage; and it provides excellent cosmetic outcomes. Furthermore, in 2014, the author and colleagues reported synchronous resection of bilateral pulmonary metastases by bilateral lung-wedge resection for bilateral metastatic lung tumors with a single 3-cm subxiphoid incision...
November 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
Alan D L Sihoe
Allowing oneself to indulge in illusory superiority when it comes to uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) can harm patients and the specialty. It is important for every VATS surgeon to remain vigilant. One must be clear about the absolute and relative contraindications for VATS: those conditions that should deter from even attempting a uniportal approach. Once the operation is started, one must also bear in mind those situations that should prompt one to convert. Only by first safeguarding patients in this way can the aspiring uniportal VATS surgeon go on to safely master the approach and explore its benefits...
November 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
Ze-Rui Zhao, Rainbow W H Lau, Calvin S H Ng
Cone-beam computed tomography provides unparalleled real-time imaging of the patient within the hybrid theater, which can be used for simultaneously diagnosing and localizing small pulmonary lesions for resection. Hybrid theater can guide more precise placement of electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy tools, thereby increasing the diagnostic yield in biopsy procedures while reducing diffusion artifact in dye marking for nodule localization. Furthermore, hook-wires implantation that is widely used to assist in lesion localization for uniportal thoracoscopic surgery can take place in the hybrid suite, eliminating the common complications and discomfort associated with the conventional workflow carried out in the radiology suite...
November 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
Marco Scarci, Diego Gonzalez-Rivas, Joachim Schmidt, Benedetta Bedetti
The learning curve of the uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) approach is linked to a larger rate of intraoperative complications, which can lead to an emergency conversion to thoracotomy. Despite technical advancements and the large number of surgical videos posted on specialized websites, live surgery events and experimental courses have significantly contributed to accelerate the learning and evolution of minimally invasive thoracic surgery. Bleeding and other complications are the most dreaded event for many VATS surgeons...
November 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
Luca Bertolaccini, Gaetano Rocco, Alessandro Pardolesi, Piergiorgio Solli
The geometric characteristics of uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) are known: one small incision without further dissection of the intercostal space with the simultaneous introduction of instruments to the thoracoscope through an ideal circular truncated cone, as wide as a surgeon's fingerbreadth. The perspective of the uniportal VATS approach realizes projective planes that preserves the depth of intraoperative visualization. The instruments, moving along this planes, enable the surgeon to bring the operative fulcrum inside the chest...
November 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
Wei Huang, Ge Ning Jiang
Thoracic venous aneurysms are very rare conditions, even more unusual from left innominate vein. We report a case of a 57-year-old male who presented an anterior mediastinal mass suspicious of thymoma by chest computed tomography. Median sternotomy was performed aiming for total thymectomy, but intraoperative findings and final pathology confirmed the diagnosis of left innominate vein aneurysm. The patient underwent aneurysmectomy and reconstruction of the left innominate vein. The patient remains well 2 years after surgery...
October 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
O Afandi, O Sutter, E Martinod
Trans-diaphragmatic intra-thoracic extension of recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma treated by electroporation can be performed via video-assisted thoracic surgery. Resection is followed by reconstruction with a synthetic mesh.
September 22, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Su Yang, Wei Guo, Xingshi Chen, Han Wu, Hecheng Li
OBJECTIVES: Both robotic-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) and uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (UVATS) are minimally invasive surgical techniques used for treatment of lung cancer. However, no research studies comparing early outcomes between RATS and UVATS have been reported. METHODS: Non-small-cell lung cancer patients treated with RATS or UVATS at our institution from January 2015 to September 2016 were enrolled. Early outcomes were compared after propensity score-matched analysis using 4 factors: age, gender, tumour size and operative procedure...
August 30, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
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