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Diabetes patient education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926294/predictors-of-death-in-the-hospital-for-patients-with-chronic-serious-illness
#1
Katy Hicks, Lois Downey, Ruth A Engelberg, James A Fausto, Helene Starks, Ben Dunlap, James Sibley, William Lober, Nita Khandelwal, Elizabeth T Loggers, J Randall Curtis
BACKGROUND: Most people prefer to die at home, yet most do not. Understanding factors associated with terminal hospitalization may inform interventions to improve care. OBJECTIVE: Among patients with chronic illness receiving care in a multihospital healthcare system, we identified the following: (1) predictors of death in any hospital; (2) predictors of death in a hospital outside the system; and (3) trends from 2010 to 2015. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort using death certificates and electronic health records...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924338/neovascular-glaucoma-a-retrospective-review-from-a-tertiary-eye-care-center-in-mexico
#2
Gabriel Lazcano-Gomez, Jeffrey R Soohoo, Anne Lynch, Levi N Bonell, Karina Martinez, Mauricio Turati, Roberto Gonzalez-Salinas, Jesus Jimenez-Roman, Malik Y Kahook
AIM: To describe the demographic characteristics, ocular comorbidities, and clinical outcomes of patients with neovascular glaucoma (NVG) and to determine the number of patients who returned for a follow-up eye examination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the clinical data of patients with NVG, who attended a glaucoma clinic between July 2010 and November 2014. We collected information on the demographic characteristics of the patients to include the level of education, ocular comorbidities, NVG stage, visual acuity, glaucoma medications, intraocular pressure (IOP), and the number of patients who had a follow-up ocular examination at month 1, 3, 6, and 12...
May 2017: Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924296/applied-carbohydrate-counting
#3
Lovely Gupta, Deepak Khandelwal, Sanjay Kalra
Carbohydrate counting or "carb counting" is a meal planning technique for persons with diabetes for managing blood glucose levels by tracking the grams of carbohydrate consumed at meals. With better patient education and awareness, carb counting has become an important step in diabetes management. People with all types of diabetes can be benefited with this approach via improved glycaemic control and quality of life. In the first part of this review basic principles of carbohydrate counting, its application in clinical practice and exchange lists pertaining primarily to South Asian populations have been discussed...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921414/multimedia-education-program-and-nutrition-therapy-improves-hba1c-weight-and-lipid-profile-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Lubia Velázquez-López, Abril Violeta Muñoz-Torres, Patricia Medina-Bravo, Jenny Vilchis-Gil, Miguel Klϋnder-Klϋnder, Jorge Escobedo-de la Peña
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of a multimedia education program and nutrition therapy on metabolic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the effect of a multimedia education program and nutritional therapy on metabolic control in type 2 diabetes? PATIENTS AND METHODS: A randomized clinical trial was conducted in 351 patients randomly assigned to either an experimental group receiving a multimedia diabetes education program (MDE) and nutrition therapy (NT) (NT + MDE: n = 173), or to a control group who received nutrition therapy only (NT: n = 178)...
September 18, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919675/therapeutic-uses-of-epicatechin-in-diabetes-and-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Layth Abdulmajeed Abdulkhaleq, Mohammed Abdulrazzaq Assi, Mohd Hezmee Mohd Noor, Rasedee Abdullah, Mohd Zamri Saad, Yun Hin Taufiq-Yap
Epicatechin is a natural flavonoid found in green tea. It has been reported to possess an immense antioxidant effect which contributes to its therapeutic effect against a handful of ailments. In this review, we discuss its therapeutic role in the management of two of the most important human diseases; diabetes and cancer. The consumption of epicatechin has been shown to reduce blood glucose levels in diabetic patients, while is anticancer effect was attributed to its antioxidant properties, antiangiogenic and direct cytotoxicity to cancer cells...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918653/setting-expectations-for-successful-artificial-pancreas-hybrid-closed-loop-automated-insulin-delivery-adoption
#6
Dana Lewis
Hybrid closed loop (or automated insulin delivery systems) and artificial pancreas technology will dramatically change the quality of life for people living with diabetes. However, this technology is not a cure. Without having expectations set, patients may assume that APs will replace critical self-care behaviors. It is important for patients to understand several key things before choosing to adopt and switching to APs for diabetes management. Like any technology, APs will have a learning curve. But like switching from MDI to standard pump therapy, it is not insurmountable...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917025/cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-who-underwent-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-acute-myocardial-infarction-determinants-of-programme-participation-and-completion
#7
M Sunamura, N Ter Hoeve, M L Geleijnse, R V Steenaard, H J G van den Berg-Emons, H Boersma, R T van Domburg
BACKGROUND: Hospital length of stay after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) has reduced, resulting in more limited patient education during admission. Therefore, systematic participation in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has become more essential. We aimed to identify patient-related factors that are associated with participation in and completion of a CR programme. METHODS: We identified 3,871 consecutive AMI patients who underwent pPCI between 2003 and 2011...
September 15, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915897/development-of-a-complex-intervention-to-promote-appropriate-prescribing-and-medication-intensification-in-poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-irish-general-practice
#8
Mark E Murphy, Molly Byrne, Atieh Zarabzadeh, Derek Corrigan, Tom Fahey, Susan M Smith
BACKGROUND: Poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can be seen as failure to meet recommended targets for management of key risk factors including glycaemic control, blood pressure and lipids. Poor control of risk factors is associated with significant morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs. Failure to intensify medications for patients with poor control of T2DM when indicated is called clinical inertia and is one contributory factor to poor control of T2DM. We aimed to develop a theory and evidence-based complex intervention to improve appropriate prescribing and medication intensification in poorly controlled T2DM in Irish general practice...
September 16, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914815/a-systematic-review-family-support-integrated-with-diabetes-self-management-among-uncontrolled-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#9
REVIEW
Rian Adi Pamungkas, Kanittha Chamroonsawasdi, Paranee Vatanasomboon
The rate of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is dramatically increasing worldwide. Continuing diabetes mellitus (DM) care needs effective self-management education and support for both patients and family members. This study aimed to review and describe the impacts of diabetes mellitus self-management education (DSME) that involve family members on patient outcomes related to patient health behaviors and perceived self-efficacy on self-management such as medication adherence, blood glucose monitoring, diet and exercise changes, health outcomes including psychological well-being and self-efficacy, and physiological markers including body mass index, level of blood pressure, cholesterol level and glycemic control...
September 15, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913928/a-new-complementary-approach-for-oral-health-and-diabetes-management-health-coaching
#10
Ayse Basak Cinar, Ruth Freeman, Lone Schou
BACKGROUND: Health coaching (HC) is based on 'partnering with clients in a thought-provoking and creative process that inspires them to maximise their personal and professional potential' to adopt healthy lifestyles through 'building awareness and empowerment'. This study's objective is to assess, for the first time to our knowledge, the effectiveness of HC compared with health education (HE) using clinical and subjective measures among type 2 diabetes (DM2) patients in Turkey and Denmark...
September 14, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912193/effectiveness-of-a-multifactorial-intervention-based-on-an-application-for-smartphones-heart-healthy-walks-and-a-nutritional-workshop-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-primary-care-emid-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Rosario Alonso-Domínguez, Manuel A Gómez-Marcos, Maria C Patino-Alonso, Natalia Sánchez-Aguadero, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Carmen Castaño-Sánchez, Luis García-Ortiz, José I Recio-Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION: New information and communication technologies (ICTs) may promote lifestyle changes, but no adequate evidence is available on their combined effect of ICTs with multifactorial interventions aimed at improving diet and increasing physical activity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). The primary objective of this study is to assess the effect of a multifactorial intervention to increase physical activity and adherence to Mediterranean diet in DM2. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Study scope and population: The study will be conducted at 'La Alamedilla' primary care research unit in Salamanca (Spain)...
September 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911126/diabetes-in-the-cape-coast-metropolis-of-ghana-an-assessment-of-risk-factors-nutritional-practices-and-lifestyle-changes
#12
Worlanyo E Gato, Samuel Acquah, Bettye A Apenteng, Samuel T Opoku, Blessed K Boakye
Background: Despite the significant increase in the incidence of diabetes in Ghana, research in this area has been lagging. The purpose of the study was to assess the risk factors associated with diabetes in the Cape Coast metropolis of Ghana, and to describe nutritional practices and efforts toward lifestyle change. Methods: A convenient sample of 482 adults from the Cape Coast metropolis was surveyed using a self-reported questionnaire. The survey collected information on the demographic, socioeconomic characteristics, health status and routine nutritional practices of respondents...
September 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904744/clinical-and-surgical-characteristics-of-infected-diabetic-foot-ulcers-in-a-tertiary-hospital-of-mexico
#13
Estrella Cervantes-García, Paz María Salazar-Schettino
Background: The objective of this study was to determine the clinical and surgical characteristics of diabetic foot ulcers in a tertiary level hospital in Mexico. Methods: We performed a longitudinal, descriptive study from July, 2012 to August, 2015 on a sample composed of 100 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and infected diabetic foot ulcers. We analyzed socio-demographic variables, comorbidities, characteristics of ulcers, and the applied treatment. Results: We found that the most affected areas were the forefoot (48%) and the plantar region (55%) of the foot...
2017: Diabetic Foot & Ankle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903800/predicting-treatment-failure-death-and-drug-resistance-using-a-computed-risk-score-among-newly-diagnosed-tb-patients-in-tamaulipas-mexico
#14
B E Abdelbary, M Garcia-Viveros, H Ramirez-Oropesa, M H Rahbar, B I Restrepo
The purpose of this study was to develop a method for identifying newly diagnosed tuberculosis (TB) patients at risk for TB adverse events in Tamaulipas, Mexico. Surveillance data between 2006 and 2013 (8431 subjects) was used to develop risk scores based on predictive modelling. The final models revealed that TB patients failing their treatment regimen were more likely to have at most a primary school education, multi-drug resistance (MDR)-TB, and few to moderate bacilli on acid-fast bacilli smear. TB patients who died were more likely to be older males with MDR-TB, HIV, malnutrition, and reporting excessive alcohol use...
September 14, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902701/diabetes-self-management-education-training-for-community-health-center-nurses-in-indonesia-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#15
Sugiharto Sugiharto, Matthew Stephenson, Yu-Yun Hsu, Nuniek Nizmah Fajriyah
BACKGROUND: Diabetes complications can increase progressively, leading to morbidity and mortality among diabetes sufferers. To address this, diabetes self-management education is a strategy to increase patients' knowledge and awareness in self-care. However some issues related to diabetes self-management education have emerged for health care providers and patients. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this project was to improve nurses' skills and confidence in delivering diabetes self-management education among type 2 diabetes patients by promoting evidence based practice in community health centers, thereby enhancing patients' knowledge and skills in performing self-care...
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899393/the-mixed-benefit-of-low-lipoprotein-a-in-type-2-diabetes
#16
Michel P Hermans, Sylvie A Ahn, Michel F Rousseau
BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)), a variant low-density lipoprotein (LDL), is a major genetic risk factor for cardiovascular disease. It is unknown whether an inverse relationship exists between Lp(a) and β-cell function (BCF), as for LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering by statins. We therefore assessedthe cardiometabolic phenotype of 340 men with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in relation to Lp(a), focusing on BCF and hyperbolic product [BxS], which adjusts BCF to insulin sensitivity and secretion...
September 12, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894238/prevalence-and-causes-of-low-vision-and-blindness-in-a-chinese-population-with-type-2-diabetes-the-dongguan-eye-study
#17
Ying Cui, Liang Zhang, Min Zhang, Xiaohong Yang, Lixin Zhang, Jian Kuang, Guanrong Zhang, Qingyang Liu, Haike Guo, Qianli Meng
To assess the prevalence and causes of low vision and blindness in type 2 diabetes patients, a population-based cross-sectional study including 8952 rural-dwelling residents aged 40 years or older from Hengli Town in Southern China was conducted. Participants underwent standard interviews, physical measurements, laboratory tests, and comprehensive eye examinations. Low vision and blindness were defined based on WHO criteria. Visual acuity data were available for 1348 (89.9%) of the 1500 subjects with type 2 diabetes...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892947/diabetes-and-diabetic-retinopathy-knowledge-attitude-practice-kap-among-diabetic-patients-in-a-tertiary-eye-care-centre
#18
Nithin Keshav Srinivasan, Deepa John, Grace Rebekah, Evon Selina Kujur, Padma Paul, Sheeja Susan John
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic retinopathy is becoming an increasingly important cause of visual impairment in India. Many diabetic patients who come to our centre have undetected, advanced diabetic retinopathy. If diabetic retinopathy had been detected earlier in these patients, irreversible visual impairment could have been prevented. AIM: To document Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) patterns of diabetic patients regarding diabetes and diabetic retinopathy, to determine association between them, and to identify barriers to compliance with follow up and treatment regimes...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890945/teach-kitchen-a-chronological-review-of-accomplishments
#19
Jung Hee Chae, Benjamin E Ansa, Selina A Smith
BACKGROUND: The Eating and Cooking Healthy (TEACH) Kitchen was founded at the Medical College of Georgia in 2015 as a nutrition-based intervention to combat the high prevalence of obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases in the area of Augusta, Georgia. Despite the importance of diet in the management of chronic diseases, inadequate nutrition education among patients and healthcare providers presents a barrier. The purpose of TEACH Kitchen is to address this gap. METHODS: TEACH Kitchen is as a student-led initiative that promotes healthy cooking among medical students and patients with chronic diseases...
2017: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888148/hypoglycemia-awareness-among-insulin-treated-patients-with-diabetes-in-malaysia-a-cohort-subanalysis-of-the-hat-study
#20
Zanariah Hussein, Nor Azmi Kamaruddin, Siew Pheng Chan, Anand Jain, Shweta Uppal, Wan Mohamad Wan Bebakar
AIMS: The present Malaysian cohort analysis determined the prevalence of hypoglycemia among patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) attending primary care- or hospital-based diabetes clinics in Malaysia and their awareness of the symptoms of hypoglycemia. METHODS: The Hypoglycemia Assessment Tool (HAT) study was a non-interventional, 6-month retrospective and 4-week prospective analysis of hypoglycemic events in 24 countries, using self-assessment questionnaires and diaries among patients with T1DM/T2DM aged ≥18years, using insulin for >12months...
August 14, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
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