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Diabetes patient education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165096/depression-and-self-efficacy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-nothern-greece
#1
Paraskevi Sympa, Eugenia Vlachou, Kyriakos Kazakos, Ourania Govina, George Stamatiou, Maria Lavdaniti
BACKGROUND: Depression represents one of the most common disorders in diabetic patients and frequently complicates the health care of this population. Poor self-efficacy has been associated with increased depressive symptoms as well as poor glycemic control. OBJECTIVE: Τo assess depression and self-efficacy in adults with type 2 diabetes in Northern Greece and to explore the factors which may affect them in this group of population. METHOD: A descriptive study was conducted in a tertiary hospital in the largest city of Northern Greece...
November 20, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164504/basal-ganglia-cerebral-blood-flow-associates-with-psychomotor-speed-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#2
John P Ryan, Howard J Aizenstein, Trevor J Orchard, Karen A Nunley, Helmet Karim, Caterina Rosano
Type 1 diabetes is associated with slower psychomotor speed, but the neural basis of this relationship is not yet understood. The basal ganglia are a set of structures that are vulnerable to small vessel disease, particularly in individuals with type 1 diabetes. Thus, we examined the relationship between psychomotor speed and resting state resting cerebral blood flow in a sample of adults with diabetes onset during childhood (≤ 17 years of age). The sample included 77 patients (39 M, 38 F) with a mean age of 47...
November 21, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162582/standardizing-clinically-meaningful-outcome-measures-beyond-hba1c-for-type-1-diabetes-a-consensus-report-of-the-american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-the-american-association-of-diabetes-educators-the-american-diabetes-association-the-endocrine
#3
REVIEW
Gina Agiostratidou, Henry Anhalt, Dana Ball, Lawrence Blonde, Evgenia Gourgari, Karen N Harriman, Aaron J Kowalski, Paul Madden, Alicia H McAuliffe-Fogarty, Molly McElwee-Malloy, Anne Peters, Sripriya Raman, Kent Reifschneider, Karen Rubin, Stuart A Weinzimer
OBJECTIVE: To identify and define clinically meaningful type 1 diabetes outcomes beyond hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) based upon a review of the evidence, consensus from clinical experts, and input from researchers, people with type 1 diabetes, and industry. Priority outcomes include hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, time in range, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), and patient-reported outcomes (PROs). While priority outcomes for type 1 and type 2 diabetes may overlap, type 1 diabetes was the focus of this work...
December 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160505/metabolic-disorders-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids-without-the-use-of-antiretroviral-therapy
#4
Mariana Amaral Raposo, Geyza Nogueira de Almeida Armiliato, Nathalia Sernizon Guimarães, Camila Abrahão Caram, Raíssa Domingues de Simoni Silveira, Unaí Tupinambás
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic disorders in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLH) have been described even before the introduction of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs in the treatment of HIV infection and are risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Based on this, the purpose of this study was to assess metabolic disorders and cardiovascular risk in PLH before the initiation of antiretroviral treatment (ART). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study of 87 PLH without the use of ART, which was carried out between January and September 2012 at a specialized infectious diseases center in Minas Gerais, Brazil...
September 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158864/-chronic-kidney-disease-associated-factors-etiologies-clinical-and-biological-parameters-at-lubumbashi-city-in-democratic-republic-of-congo
#5
Serge Muleka Ngoie, Philippe Mulenga, Olivier Mukuku, Christian Ngama Kakisingi, Cédrick Milindi Sangwa, Pascal Tshimwang Nawej, Claude Mulumba Mwamba, Dophra Nkulu Ngoy, Faustin Wa Pa Manda Muteta
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease is fast becoming a worldwide public health problem due to the increase of hypertension and diabetes mellitus, its main risk factors. In countries like DRC where majority of population are in the low income bracket, very few studies about this disease, usually diagnosed at a very advanced stage have been conducted. As a result of such, cases are not always properly taken care of and managed. Methods: We opted for a descriptive cross-sectional study and it was conducted during the period from July 2014 to July 2015 at CMDC dialysis service...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158709/relationship-between-health-literacy-and-body-mass-index-among-arab-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#6
Yazed Sulaiman Al-Ruthia, Bander Balkhi, Sultan AlGhadeer, Wael Mansy, Hisham AlSanawi, Reem AlGasem, Lama AlMutairi, Ibrahim Sales
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) puts patients at higher risk for obesity and diabetes. Poor health literacy is also associated with these conditions. Notably, weight loss is associated with improved ovulation and pregnancy rates for women with PCOS. In this study the association between health literacy and body mass index (BMI) among women with PCOS was examined. Methods: The health literacy of women with PCOS was measured using the Arabic version of the single item literacy screener (SILS) at a university medical center...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153758/will-use-of-patient-portals-help-to-educate-and-communicate-with-patients-with-diabetes
#7
Sara L Jackson, Catherine M DesRoches, Dominick L Frosch, Sue Peacock, Natalia V Oster, Joann G Elmore
OBJECTIVE: Chronic disease management can require daily attention, and increased levels of patient activation and engagement. We examined whether patients with diabetes perceive a greater benefit to having electronic access to their doctors' clinic notes compared to patients without diabetes. We hypothesized that easy electronic access to these notes may help patients with self-care by improving education and communication. METHODS: Survey of patients with and without diabetes in Massachusetts and Pennsylvania about perceptions of potential benefits and risks of reading their visit notes via an electronic patient information portal...
November 8, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151900/examining-factors-associated-with-nonadherence-and-identifying-providers-caring-for-nonadherent-subgroups
#8
Deborah A Taira, Brendan K Seto, James W Davis, Todd B Seto, Doug Landsittel, Wesley K Sumida
Objectives: To examine racial/ethnic and regional differences in medication adherence in patients with diabetes taking oral anti-diabetic, anti-hypertensive, and cholesterol lowering medications and to identify the pharmacies and prescribers who serve these communities. Methods: Administrative claims data was analyzed for members enrolled in a large health plan in Hawaii (2008-2010) with diabetes mellitus who were taking three types of medications: 1) oral anti-diabetic medications; 2) anti-hypertensive medications; 3) cholesterol lowering medications (n=5136)...
December 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151719/reducing-social-distress-for-chronic-disease-patients-in-primary-care-an-intervention-for-latino-type-2-diabetes-patients-seen-at-community-health-centers
#9
Nancy A Allen, Sofija Zagarins, Garry Welch
Background: Social and behavioral factors have important direct and indirect effects on chronic disease onset and progression. The U.S. health care system is beginning to focus on assessment and management of social and behavioral problems through federal mandates related to meaningful use of electronic health records and improved patient outcomes. Methods: We examined the clinical adoption of a 20-item screening tool to measure social distress focusing on type 2 diabetes...
November 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151662/associations-between-economic-pressure-and-diabetes-efficacy-in-couples-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
Joshua R Novak, Jared R Anderson, Matthew D Johnson, Ann Walker, Allison Wilcox, Virginia L Lewis, David C Robbins
Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore dyadic associations between economic pressure and diabetes self-efficacy via emotional distress in patients with type 2 diabetes and their partners. Background: Understanding how economic pressure is associated with successful diabetes management is an important area for research, as couples with type 2 diabetes can incur heavy economic pressures that could likely influence diabetes outcomes. Method: Data from 117 married couples were used to test actor-partner associations using moderated mediation analyses in a structural equation modeling framework...
April 2017: Family Relations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150861/cost-effectiveness-of-the-psycho-educational-blended-group-and-online-intervention-hypoaware-compared-with-usual-care-for-people-with-type-1-and-insulin-treated-type-2-diabetes-with-problematic-hypoglycaemia-analyses-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
M de Wit, S M P A Rondags, M W van Tulder, F J Snoek, J E Bosmans
AIMS: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of HypoAware, a blended (group and online) psycho-educational intervention based on the evidence-based Blood Glucose Awareness Training, in comparison with usual care in people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes with a high risk of severe hypoglycaemia. METHODS: We performed an economic evaluation, from a societal and healthcare perspective, that used data from a 6-month, multicentre, cluster-randomized controlled trial (n=137)...
November 18, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150413/-the-situation-as-regards-diabetes-mellitus-type-1-in-andalusia-care-data-use-of-advanced-therapies-and-human-resources
#12
Juan Pedro López Siguero, Olga Pérez González, Ana Lucía Gómez Gila, Isabel Leiva Gea
INTRODUCTION: The representation of Spain in European epidemiological studies on diabetes is limited, with only one centre in the Hvidoere study and another in the SWEET study. No Spanish studies have been published that combine epidemiological data and care resources. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological data, care resources, and use of new technologies in all Andalusian hospitals that care for children with Diabetes Mellitus type 1 (DM1) under 14 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic questionnaire of 18 questions was sent to all paediatric endocrinologists who treated children with diabetes in Andalusian hospitals...
November 14, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149618/effectiveness-of-a-patient-centred-empowerment-based-intervention-programme-among-patients-with-poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Li Cheng, Janet W H Sit, Kai-Chow Choi, Sek-Ying Chair, Xiaomei Li, Yuning Wu, Junhong Long, Meihua Tao
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive efforts and advances in evidence-based diabetes management, poor glycaemic control still remains a challenge in many countries. There is a paucity of research addressing the needs of patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes, or exploring the effectiveness of empowerment-based interventions in this vulnerable population. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a patient-centred, empowerment-based programme on glycaemic control and self-management behaviours among patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149381/substantial-improvement-in-hba1c-following-a-treatment-and-teaching-programme-for-people-with-type-2-diabetes-on-conventional-insulin-therapy-in-an-in-and-outpatient-setting
#14
Nadine Kuniss, Ulrich A Müller, Christof Kloos, Regina Müller, Gerd Starrach, Viktor Jörgens, Guido Kramer
AIMS: The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of a patient education programme (DTTP) for the optimisation of conventional insulin therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes in an in- and outpatient setting. METHODS: The study was designed as a prospective, longitudinal trial. Thirty-three people with diabetes (females 54.5%, age 61.0 years, diabetes duration 12.7 years, HbA1c 9.3%) from ten general practices in Thuringia (outpatient group) participated in a DTTP for conventional insulin therapy...
November 17, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148231/employment-status-at-time-of-first-hospitalization-for-heart-failure-is-associated-with-a-higher-risk-of-death-and-rehospitalization-for-heart-failure
#15
Rasmus Rørth, Emil L Fosbøl, Ulrik M Mogensen, Kristian Kragholm, Anna-Karin Numé, Gunnar H Gislason, Pardeep S Jhund, Mark C Petrie, John J V McMurray, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Lars Køber, Søren L Kristensen
AIMS: Employment status at time of first heart failure (HF) hospitalization may be an indicator of both self-perceived and objective health status. In this study, we examined the association between employment status and the risk of all-cause mortality and recurrent HF hospitalization in a nationwide cohort of patients with HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified all patients of working age (18-60 years) with a first HF hospitalization in the period 1997-2015 in Denmark, categorized according to whether or not they were part of the workforce at time of the index admission...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147964/diabetes-care-in-qatar-a-survey-of-pharmacists-activities-attitudes-and-knowledge
#16
Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Safae E Abu Yousef, Meena Ali Basri
Background Diabetes mellitus is recognized as a major public health issue and is one of the top ten causes of death in Qatar. Objective To describe the activities, and attitudes of Qatar pharmacists toward diabetes, to measure their diabetes knowledge and to assess their perceived barriers for diabetes care. Setting Community and ambulatory pharmacies in Qatar. Method Study objectives were addressed in a cross sectional survey of community and ambulatory pharmacists in Qatar. A phone call explaining the study was made to all community and ambulatory pharmacists in Qatar...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145583/association-between-the-severity-of-diabetic-retinopathy-and-falls-in-an-asian-population-with-diabetes-the-singapore-epidemiology-of-eye-diseases-study
#17
Preeti Gupta, Amudha Aravindhan, Alfred T L Gan, Ryan E K Man, Eva K Fenwick, Paul Mitchell, Nicholas Tan, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Tien Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng, Ecosse L Lamoureux
Importance: The presence and severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR) may contribute to the risk of falling in persons with diabetes, but evidence is currently equivocal. Objective: To investigate the associations of diabetes and DR severity with the likelihood of falls in a multiethnic Asian population. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cross-sectional post hoc analysis of the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases study, a population-based study of participants from 3 ethnic groups (3280 Malay, 3400 Indian, and 3353 Chinese individuals) conducted from 2004 to 2011...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145539/socioeconomic-deprivation-household-education-and-employment-are-associated-with-increased-hospital-admissions-and-poor-glycemic-control-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Louise J Apperley, Sze M Ng
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic deprivation, obesity, and emotional discomfort are important determinants of health inequalities and poor glycemic control in children and young people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to evaluate the incidence of hospital admissions of T1D children in relation to socioeconomic deprivation, and to determine the effects of social deprivation, body mass index (BMI), and patient-reported emotional well-being on glycemic control...
July 2017: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144814/self-blood-glucose-monitoring-underestimates-hyperglycemia-and-hypoglycemia-as-compared-to-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes
#19
Devna Mangrola, Christine Cox, Arianne S Furman, Sridevi Krishnan, Sidika E Karakas
OBJECTIVE: When glucose records from self-blood glucose monitoring (SBGM) do not reflect estimated average glucose from HgBA1, or when patients' clinical symptoms are not explained by their SBGM records, clinical management of diabetes becomes a challenge. Our objective was to determine the magnitude of differences in glucose values reported by SBGM vs. documented by continuous glucose monitoring (CGM). METHODS: The CGM was conducted by a clinical diabetes educator/registered nurse by the clinic protocol, using the Medtronic iPRO2™ system...
November 16, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141693/glycemic-control-and-associated-factors-among-type-2-diabetic-patients-at-shanan-gibe-hospital-southwest-ethiopia
#20
Daniel Miteku Yigazu, Tigestu Alemu Desse
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the rate of glycemic control and factors affecting glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients. RESULTS: A total of 174 type 2 diabetic patients were interviewed and were studied. Mean age of the patients was 48.98 ± 14.96 years (range 18-80 years). More than half (51.7%) of the patients were males. About a third of patients, 53 (30.5%), were on antidiabetic medications for less than 5 years. The most common prescribed antidiabetic medications were insulin, 48 (27...
November 15, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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