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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045969/-clinical-study-on-locking-plate-for-the-treatment-of-non-osteoporotic-complex-proximal-humeral-fractures
#1
X Li, F L Li, Y Lu, Y M Zhu, S Y Guo, Y J Li, C Y Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To describe long-term results of locking plate used for the treatment of non-osteoporotic fresh three- and four-part proximal humeral fractures with at least 2 years follow-up. METHODS: The functional outcomes and the complications of non-osteoporotic three- and four-part fresh proximal humeral fractures treated with locking plate were assessed retrospectively. The active range of motion, the Constant score, the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder score, the visual analogue score (VAS) were employed to evaluate the postoperative shoulder function, and the radiographic images were taken to evaluate the neck-shaft angle of the proximal humeral and postoperative implant-related complications...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043392/complex-interventions-can-increase-osteoporosis-investigations-and-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
M Kastner, L Perrier, S E P Munce, C C Adhihetty, A Lau, J Hamid, V Treister, J Chan, Y Lai, S E Straus
Osteoporosis is affecting over 200 million people worldwide. Despite available guidelines, care for these patients remains sub-optimal. We developed an osteoporosis tool to address the multiple dimensions of chronic disease management. Findings from its evaluation showed a significant increase from baseline in osteoporosis investigations and treatment, so we are revising this tool to include multiple chronic conditions including an update of evidence about osteoporosis. Our objectives were to conduct a systematic review of osteoporosis interventions in adults at risk for osteoporosis...
October 18, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038876/complications-and-retrieval-data-of-vena-cava-filters-based-on-specific-infrarenal-location
#3
Thomas G Tullius, Aaron S Bos, Mikin V Patel, Brian Funaki, Thuong G Van Ha
PURPOSE: Although recommended placement of IVC filters is with their tips positioned at the level of the renal vein inflow, in practice, adherence is limited due to clinical situation or IVC anatomy. We seek to evaluate the indwelling and retrieval complications of IVC filters based on their specific position within the infrarenal IVC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective, single institution study of 333 consecutive infrarenal vena cava filters placed by interventional radiologists in patients with an average age of 62...
October 16, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038626/maxillofacial-injuries-in-women-a-retrospective-study-of-10%C3%A2-years
#4
Sudhir Ramisetty, Rajasekhar Gaddipati, Nandagopal Vura, Satheesh Pokala, Sheetal Kapse
INTRODUCTION: Diversities exists in incidence, etiology and epidemiology of facial fractures among male and female individuals due to various reasons. Many of the epidemiological studies published during the millennium have shown male predilection. This study was carried to evaluate the etiology, patterns and distribution of facial fractures among different age groups in women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This Retrospective epidemiological study dealt with a total of 302 women with 422 fractures in maxillofacial region during a period of June 1st 2005 to May 31st 2015 at Mamata Dental College and Hospital, Khammam, Telangana, India...
December 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028491/boron-removal-from-hydraulic-fracturing-wastewater-by-aluminum-and-iron-coagulation-mechanisms-and-limitations
#5
Darpan Chorghe, Mutiara Ayu Sari, Shankararaman Chellam
One promising water management strategy during hydraulic fracturing is treatment and reuse of flowback/produced water. In particular, the saline flowback water contains many of the chemicals employed for fracking, which need to be removed before possible reuse as "frac water." This manuscript targets turbidity along with one of the additives; borate-based cross-linkers used to adjust the rheological characteristics of the frac-fluid. Alum and ferric chloride were evaluated as coagulants for clarification and boron removal from saline flowback water obtained from a well in the Eagle Ford shale...
September 28, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028356/aggregation-of-a-cationic-gemini-surfactant-with-a-chelating-molecule-and-effects-from-calcium-ion
#6
Weiwei Zhao, Kai Song, Yao Chen, Hua Wang, Zhang Liu, Qiang Shi, Jianbin Huang, Yilin Wang
The aggregation behavior of a cationic ammonium gemini surfactant hexamethylene-1,6-bis(dodecyldimethylammonium bromide) (12-6-12) with a chelating molecule ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and the effects of calcium bromide (CaBr2) on the structure and morphology of the aggregates in the mixture have been investigated by surface tension, isothermal titration microcalorimetry, electrical conductivity, ζ potential, dynamic light scattering, cryogenic transmission electron microscopy, freeze-fracture transmission electron microscopy and 1H NMR techniques...
October 13, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027187/midterm-results-of-trochanteric-flip-osteotomy-technique-for-management-of-fractures-around-the-hip
#7
Vivek Trikha, Saubhik Das, Arkesh Madegowda, Prabhat Agrawal
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we aimed to investigate safety and efficacy of the trochanteric flip osteotomy with surgical hip dislocation technique in selected displaced acetabular and femoral head fractures with clinico-radiological outcome and potential complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 32 patients from January 2009 to June 2014. Selected displaced acetabular fractures with comminution and/or cranial extension of posterior wall, marginal impaction, intraarticular fragment, femoral head fractures and hip fracture-dislocations were operated by this modified approach of trochanteric flip osteotomy and surgical hip dislocation...
October 9, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026610/selective-blood-sampling-for-fgf-23-in-tumor-induced-osteomalacia
#8
Hans-Christof Schober, Christian Kneitz, Franziska Fieber, Kathrin Hesse, Henry Schroeder
Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is caused by the hormone fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23). It is mainly produced in the tissue of mesenchymal tumors. Patients with TIO frequently suffer from a chronic decompensated pain syndrome and/or muscle weakness with postural deformity. Despite the severity of the disease, the diagnosis is frequently established late. In some cases, it takes several years to establish the condition. This case report concerning a 68-year old woman demonstrates the selective blood sampling for FGF-23 as path-breaking diagnostics to confirm the diagnosis of a neuroendocrine tumor...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025824/development-of-an-evidence-based-complex-intervention-for-community-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-hip-fracture-using-realist-review-survey-and-focus-groups
#9
Jessica Louise Roberts, Nafees Ud Din, Michelle Williams, Claire A Hawkes, Joanna M Charles, Zoe Hoare, Val Morrison, Swapna Alexander, Andrew Lemmey, Catherine Sackley, Phillipa Logan, Clare Wilkinson, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Nefyn H Williams
OBJECTIVES: To develop an evidence and theory-based complex intervention for improving outcomes in elderly patients following hip fracture. DESIGN: Complex-intervention development (Medical Research Council (MRC) framework phase I) using realist literature review, surveys and focus groups of patients and rehabilitation teams. SETTING: North Wales. PARTICIPANTS: Surveys of therapy managers (n=13), community and hospital-based physiotherapists (n=129) and occupational therapists (n=68) throughout the UK...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025614/outcome-of-distal-tibia-physeal-fractures-a-review-of-cases-as-related-to-risk-factors
#10
Fabio D'Angelo, Giuseppe Solarino, Davide Tanas, Alessia Zani, Paolo Cherubino, Biagio Moretti
INTRODUCTION: The physeal fractures represent the 20-30% of all fractures of the child. The distal tibial physis is the third most frequently injured. The most important complication is the premature physeal closure (PPC). Aim of this study is to evaluate risk factors that can influence the outcome like fracture pattern, fracture displacement, mechanism of injury and treatment method. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The records of 46 patients treated for distal tibia physeal fractures between 2003 and 2013 were reviewed...
October 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025607/peek-radiolucent-plate-for-distal-radius-fractures-multicentre-clinical-results-at-12-months-follow-up
#11
Bruno Di Maggio, Pasquale Sessa, Patrizia Mantelli, Pietro Maniscalco, Fabrizio Rivera, Giorgio Maria Calori, Luigi Bisogno, Gabriele Scaravilli, Marco Caforio
INTRODUCTION: Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with plate and screws represents the recommended treatment for unstable intra-articular distal radius fractures. Although significant progresses in surgical technique have been made, anatomical reconstruction of radio-carpal articular surface still represent a difficult task, especially in multifragmentary fractures. Available PEEK reinforced-carbon fiber composite radiolucent devices allow both an easier and more careful assessment of intra-operative reduction of the articular surface of distal radius and prompt correction of any residual step deformity...
October 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025604/double-plating-for-bicolumnar-distal-humerus-fractures-in-the-elderly
#12
Andrea Pantalone, Daniele Vanni, Matteo Guelfi, Alberto Belluati, Vincenzo Salini
Distal humerus fractures are uncommon injuries requiring specific clinical and radiographic analysis in order to plan the optimal therapeutic strategy. In particular, bicolumnar distal humerus fractures (Type A2, A3 and C) are complex fractures. In the last years, double plating fixation became the standard treatment: this procedure helped surgeons to obtain a stable and anatomical fixation and an early mobilization, which is the main outcome for obtaining valuable functional results. In this retrospective study, we evaluated the use of open bicolumnar 90-90 plating for fixation of acute fragility fractures of the distal humerus in elderly patients, using the olecranon osteotomy as surgical approach...
October 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025603/triangular-block-bridge-method-for-surgical-treatment-of-complex-proximal-humeral-fractures-theoretical-concept-surgical-technique-and-clinical-results
#13
Raffaele Russo, Daniela D'Auria, Michele Ciccarelli, Giuseppe Della Rotonda, Gesualdo D'Elia, Bruno Siciliano
INTRODUCTION: Criteria for classification, indication and choice of a surgical device to treat proximal humeral fractures are still controversial. We report an original technique based on a mechanical concept with a structural principle of a triangle as a rigid body applied to the humeral head fractures in association with other devices. This retrospective study aims to describe in detail the surgical technique and results at long time follow up. METHODS AND MATERIAL: We analysed two series of 101 patients with proximal humeral fractures (mean age, 52...
October 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025602/complex-tibial-plateau-fractures-a-retrospective-study-and-proposal-of-treatment-algorithm
#14
Amerigo Menghi, Giuseppe Mazzitelli, Emanuele Marzetti, Francesco Barberio, Emanuela D'Angelo, Giulio Maccauro
INTRODUCTION: Complex tibial plateau fractures are characterized by compression and sinking of one or both the articular surfaces. In this study, we evaluated clinical and radiological outcomes in patients with 41.C1,41.C2,41.C3 fractures according to AO classification. We also provide a specific therapeutic algorithm for each type of fracture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in 43 patients who underwent surgical treatment for complex tibial plateau fractures and were followed for a minimum of 12 months...
October 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021682/spontaneous-regression-of-retro-odontoid-post-traumatic-cicatrix-following-occipitocervical-fixation
#15
Priyank Sinha, Ming-Te Lee, Sasan Panbehchi, Ankur Saxena, Debasish Pal
This case report describes a patient who presented with myelopathy secondary to a large retro-odontoid post traumatic cicatrix. The objective of this study was to discuss the clinical presentation, pathogenesis, imaging, and surgical management of pseudoarthrosis tissue mass associated with odontoid nonunion. Atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS) has been widely reported in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. AAS leads to repeated cycles of partial tear and repair of ligaments around the altantoaxial complex, resulting in the formation of periodontoid mass (pseudotumor)...
July 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020988/haloperidol-affects-bones-while-clozapine-alters-metabolic-parameters-sex-specific-effects-in-rats-perinatally-treated-with-phencyclidine
#16
Tatjana Nikolić, Milan Petronijević, Jelena Sopta, Milica Velimirović, Tihomir Stojković, Gordana Jevtić Dožudić, Milan Aksić, Nevena V Radonjić, Nataša Petronijević
BACKGROUND: The presentation of schizophrenia (SCH) symptoms differs between the sexes. Long-term treatment with antipsychotics is frequently associated with decreased bone mineral density, increased fracture risk and metabolic side effects. Perinatal phencyclidine (PCP) administration to rodents represents an animal model of SCH. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of chronic haloperidol and clozapine treatment on bone mass, body composition, corticosterone, IL-6 and TNF-α concentrations and metabolic parameters in male and female rats perinatally treated with PCP...
October 11, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020809/fibromyalgia-as-a-predictor-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-after-distal-radius-fracture
#17
Marc D Lipman, Daniel E Hess, Brian C Werner, D Nicole Deal
BACKGROUND: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) can be a devastating complication following extremity injury, but risk factors are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between fibromyalgia and the development of CRPS after distal radius fracture. METHODS: The PearlDiver Medicare database was queried using International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision (ICD-9) and Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes for diagnoses and treatments of distal radius fractures...
October 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019579/epidemiological-study-of-facial-fractures-at-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-service-santa-casa-de-misericordia-hospital-complex-porto-alegre-rs-brazil
#18
Rodrigo Andrighetti Zamboni, João Carlos Birnfeld Wagner, Maurício Roth Volkweis, Eduardo Luis Gerhardt, Elissa Muller Buchmann, Caren Serra Bavaresco
OBJECTIVES: to investigate the incidence and etiology of face trauma with diagnosis of facial fracture treated at the Buccomaxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology Service of the Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital Complex in Porto Alegre. METHODS: we conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective epidemiological study of 134 trauma victims with 153 facial fractures. RESULTS: the male gender was the most affected (86.6%) and the incidence was higher in the age group from 21 to 30 years...
September 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019572/epidemiological-profile-and-treatment-of-substance-losses-by-trauma-to-the-lower-limbs
#19
Ricardo Barros Martins Rezende, Jefferson Lessa Soares de Macedo, Simone Corrêa Rosa, Fernando Soares Galli
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the epidemiological profile, the surgical treatment and the postoperative results of patients with complex traumatic injuries to the lower limbs. METHODS: we conducted a retrospective study of patients with traumatic complex injuries treated by the Plastic Surgery Service of a regional hospital in Brasília. We analyzed clinical-epidemiological data, type of surgical procedure and functional recovery of the limb after six months of treatment...
September 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019536/trauma-mechanism-predicts-the-frequency-and-the-severity-of-injuries-in-blunt-trauma-patients
#20
José Gustavo Parreira, Giovanna Zucchini Rondini, Cristiano Below, Giuliana Olivi Tanaka, Julia Nunes Pelluchi, Jacqueline Arantes-Perlingeiro, Silvia Cristine Soldá, José César Assef
OBJECTIVE: to study the correlation of trauma mechanism with frequency and severity of injuries in blunt trauma patients. METHODS: retrospective analysis of trauma registry in a 15-month period was carried out. Trauma mechanism was classified into six types: occupants of four-wheeled vehicles involved in road traffic accidents (AUTO), pedestrians struck by road vehicles (PED), motorcyclists involved in road traffic accidents (MOTO), falls from height (FALL), physical assault with blunt instruments (ASSA) and falls on same level (FSL)...
July 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
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