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High flow nasal oxygen

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711371/extubation-to-high-flow-nasal-cannula-in-critically-ill-surgical-patients
#1
Navpreet K Dhillon, Eric J T Smith, Ara Ko, Megan Y Harada, Danielle Polevoi, Richard Liang, Galinos Barmparas, Eric J Ley
BACKGROUND: High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is increasingly used to reduce reintubations in patients with respiratory failure. Benefits include providing positive end expiratory pressure, reducing anatomical dead space, and decreasing work of breathing. We sought to compare outcomes of critically ill surgical patients extubated to HFNC versus conventional therapy. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted in the surgical intensive care unit of an academic center during August 2015 to February 2016...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701227/high-flow-nasal-cannula-oxygen-therapy-is-superior-to-conventional-oxygen-therapy-but-not-to-noninvasive-mechanical-ventilation-on-intubation-rate-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Huiying Zhao, Huixia Wang, Feng Sun, Shan Lyu, Youzhong An
BACKGROUND: High-flow nasal cannula oxygen (HFNC) is a relatively new therapy used in adults with respiratory failure. Whether it is superior to conventional oxygen therapy (COT) or to noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether HFNC was superior to either COT or NIV in adult acute respiratory failure patients. METHODS: A review of the literature was conducted from the electronic databases from inception up to 20 October 2016...
July 12, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700565/nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-influences-bottle-feeding-in-preterm-lambs
#3
Nathalie Samson, Audrey Michaud, Rahmeh Othman, Charlène Nadeau, Stéphanie Nault, Danny Cantin, Michaël Sage, Céline Catelin, Jean-Paul Praud
BACKGROUND: In preterm infants, the time from initiation to full oral feeding can take weeks, which represents a very worrisome problem in neonatal medicine. Although current knowledge suggests that oral feeding should be introduced early, this is often delayed due to the need for prolonged nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP). Indeed, most caregivers fear that nCPAP could disrupt sucking-swallowing-breathing coordination and induce tracheal aspiration. The goal of the present study was to assess the impact of nCPAP delivered by the Infant Flow System on the physiology of sucking-swallowing-breathing coordination during bottle-feeding in preterm lambs over 24 h...
July 12, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661028/increased-use-of-heated-humidified-high-flow-nasal-cannula-is-associated-with-longer-oxygen-requirements
#4
Rachael C Heath Jeffery, Margaret Broom, Bruce Shadbolt, David A Todd
AIM: There has been an increased use of heated humidified high flow nasal canula (HFNC) in premature babies (PBs) admitted to our neonatal unit. The aim of this study is to identify clinical characteristics in PBs < 29 weeks gestational age (GA) that distinguish between those who did not or did receive HFNC. METHODS: This study compared prospectively collected data from 2010 to 2012. Comparisons were undertaken between PBs<29 weeks GA who received continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP: 44/72 (61...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659200/-an-unrecognized-cause-of-dyspnoea
#5
A Brys, A Wijers, M de Vries, N Bouwman, R Borghans
BACKGROUND: Neuralgic amyotrophy is characterised by pain in the neck or shoulder region, followed by neuropathy of both motor and sensory nerves of the brachial plexus. The incidence of this condition is estimated at 1/1000 per year. In a rare variant of the syndrome, involvement of both phrenic nerves can occur, leading to diaphragmatic paralysis and severe orthopnoea. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 67-year-old woman was referred to us with acute orthopnoea. Imaging studies showed bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis, and electromyography (EMG) confirmed neuropathy of both phrenic nerves...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654138/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-awake-fibreoptic-intubation-practice-at-a-tertiary-centre
#6
K El-Boghdadly, D N Onwochei, J Cuddihy, I Ahmad
Contemporary data are lacking for procedural practice, training provision and outcomes for awake fibreoptic intubation in the UK. We performed a prospective cohort study of awake fibreoptic intubations at a tertiary centre to assess current practice. Data from 600 elective or emergency awake fibreoptic intubations were collected to include information on patient and operator demographics, technical performance and complications. This comprised 1.71% of patients presenting for surgery requiring a general anaesthetic, with the majority occurring in patients presenting for head and neck surgery...
June 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645982/a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-non-inferiority-trial-comparing-nasal-high-flow-with-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-as-primary-support-for-newborn-infants-with-early-respiratory-distress-born-in-australian-non-tertiary-special-care-nurseries
#7
Brett J Manley, Calum T Roberts, Gaston R B Arnolda, Ian M R Wright, Louise S Owen, Kim M Dalziel, Jann P Foster, Peter G Davis, Adam G Buckmaster
INTRODUCTION: Nasal high-flow (nHF) therapy is a popular mode of respiratory support for newborn infants. Evidence for nHF use is predominantly from neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). There are no randomised trials of nHF use in non-tertiary special care nurseries (SCNs). We hypothesise that nHF is non-inferior to nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) as primary support for newborn infants with respiratory distress, in the population cared for in non-tertiary SCNs. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The HUNTER trial is an unblinded Australian multicentre, randomised, non-inferiority trial...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629636/nasal-high-flow-oxygen-therapy-in-the-ward-setting-a-prospective-observational-study
#8
Alison M Pirret, Susan F Takerei, Claire L Matheson, Meghan Kelly, Wharewaina Strickland, Joanne Harford, Nicola E Jepsen, Lisa J Welsh, Chloe P A Allan
BACKGROUND: Whilst research demonstrates the benefits of nasal high flow oxygen in the intensive care setting, limited literature exists on its benefits in ward patients. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the use of nasal high flow oxygen in adult ward patients with respiratory failure or at risk of respiratory deterioration. Primary outcome was an improvement in pulmonary function as indicated by decreases in respiratory and heart rates and an increase in arterial oxygen saturation via pulse oximetry...
June 16, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622152/use-of-transnasal-humidified-rapid-insufflation-ventilatory-exchange-for-emergent-surgical-tracheostomy-a-case-report
#9
Neel Desai, Anna Fowler
Transnasal humidified rapid-insufflation ventilatory exchange (THRIVE) is a novel airway technique that utilizes high-flow humidified nasal oxygen. It can extend apnea time and maintain oxygen saturation. Here we report the use of THRIVE in a 35-year-old man who required emergent surgical tracheostomy for a clinically relevant compromised airway secondary to acute supraglottic and glottic pathology. Intravenous sedation resulted in hypoventilation close to apnea. THRIVE maintained oxygen saturation for 40 minutes until transient desaturation developed after complete airway obstruction...
June 15, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619016/clinical-application-of-a-novel-endoscopic-mask-a-randomized-controlled-multi-center-trial-in-patients-undergoing-awake-fiberoptic-bronchoscopic-intubation
#10
Tianxiao Zou, Zhenling Huang, Xiaoxue Hu, Guangyu Cai, Miao He, Shanjuan Wang, Ping Huang, Bin Yu
BACKGROUND: Awake fiberoptic bronchoscopic tracheal intubation is usually regarded as an effective method in the management of predicted difficult airway. Hypoxia during awake nasal fiberoptic bronchoscopic intubation leads to discontinuation of the procedure, prolonged manipulation time and increased risk of severe complications. The main aim of the study was to test whether the novel endoscopic mask is helpful for hypoxia during the intubation. METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled, multi-center study...
June 15, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603625/physiological-impact-of-high-flow-nasal-cannula-therapy-on-postextubation-acute-respiratory-failure-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-a-prospective-observational-study
#11
Naohiro Shioji, Tatsuo Iwasaki, Tomoyuki Kanazawa, Kazuyoshi Shimizu, Tomohiko Suemori, Kentaro Sugimoto, Yasutoshi Kuroe, Hiroshi Morimatsu
BACKGROUND: Reintubation after pediatric cardiac surgery is associated with a high rate of mortality. Therefore, adequate respiratory support for postextubation acute respiratory failure (ARF) is important. However, little is known about the physiological impact of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy on ARF after pediatric cardiac surgery. Our working hypothesis was that HFNC therapy for postextubation ARF after pediatric cardiac surgery improves hemodynamic and respiratory parameters...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601264/high-flow-nasal-cannula-versus-conventional-oxygen-therapy-in-emergency-department-patients-with-cardiogenic-pulmonary-edema-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Onlak Makdee, Apichaya Monsomboon, Usapan Surabenjawong, Nattakarn Praphruetkit, Wansiri Chaisirin, Tipa Chakorn, Chairat Permpikul, Phakphoom Thiravit, Tanyaporn Nakornchai
STUDY OBJECTIVE: High-flow nasal cannula is a new method for delivering high-flow supplemental oxygen for victims of respiratory failure. This randomized controlled trial compares high-flow nasal cannula with conventional oxygen therapy in emergency department (ED) patients with cardiogenic pulmonary edema. METHODS: We conducted an open-label randomized controlled trial in the ED of Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. Patients aged 18 years or older with cardiogenic pulmonary edema were randomly assigned to receive either conventional oxygen therapy or high-flow nasal cannula...
June 7, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600234/rescsrf-algorithm-to-automatically-extract-cheyne-stokes-respiration-features-from-respiratory-signals
#13
Faizan Javed, Henrik Fox
OBJECTIVE: Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) related features are significantly associated with cardiac dysfunction. Scoring of these features is labor-intensive and time-consuming. To automate the scoring process, an algorithm (ResCSRF) has been developed to extract these features from nocturnal measurement of respiratory signals. METHODS: ResCSRF takes 4 signals (nasal flow, thorax, abdomen and finger oxygen saturation) as input. It first detects CSR cycles and then calculates the respiratory features [cyclelength (CL), lung-to-periphery circulation time (LPCT) and time to peak flow (TTPF)]...
June 5, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588119/high-flow-nasal-cannula-utilization-in-pediatric-critical-care
#14
Kristen D Coletti, Dayanand N Bagdure, Linda K Walker, Kenneth E Remy, Jason W Custer
BACKGROUND: High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is increasingly utilized in pediatrics, delivering humidified air and oxygen for respiratory conditions causing hypoxia and distress. In the neonatal ICU, it has been associated with better tolerance, lower complications, and lower cost. Few data exist regarding indications for use and the epidemiology of disease/pathology that warrants HFNC in the pediatric ICU. METHODS: This study is a retrospective cohort study of patients admitted to a tertiary children's hospital pediatric ICU and placed on HFNC from October 1, 2011 to October 31, 2013...
June 6, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588117/aerosol-delivery-through-adult-high-flow-nasal-cannula-with-heliox-and-oxygen
#15
Patricia A Dailey, Robert Harwood, Kyle Walsh, James B Fink, Tina Thayer, Greg Gagnon, Arzu Ari
BACKGROUND: Heliox (helium-oxygen mixture) has been shown to reduce turbulence and improve aerosol delivery in a range of clinical settings. We questioned whether heliox as compared with oxygen via high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) would affect aerosol delivery. We hypothesized that heliox would have a significant effect on aerosol delivery as compared with oxygen with both quiet and distressed breathing patterns. METHODS: A vibrating mesh nebulizer was placed at the inlet of a humidifier via HFNC with small adult cannula distal to the heated-wire circuit with prongs placed into simulated nares with a T-shaped trap and absolute filter connected to a breath simulator set to adult quiet and distressed breathing parameters...
June 6, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575343/maintaining-oxygenation-with-high-flow-nasal-cannula-during-emergent-awake-surgical-tracheostomy
#16
R Ffrench-O'Carroll, K Fitzpatrick, W R Jonker, M Choo, O Tujjar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555461/high-flow-nasal-cannulae-for-respiratory-support-in-adult-intensive-care-patients
#17
REVIEW
Amanda Corley, Claire M Rickard, Leanne M Aitken, Amy Johnston, Adrian Barnett, John F Fraser, Sharon R Lewis, Andrew F Smith
BACKGROUND: High-flow nasal cannulae (HFNC) deliver high flows of blended humidified air and oxygen via wide-bore nasal cannulae and may be useful in providing respiratory support for adult patients experiencing acute respiratory failure in the intensive care unit (ICU). OBJECTIVES: We evaluated studies that included participants 16 years of age and older who were admitted to the ICU and required treatment with HFNC. We assessed the safety and efficacy of HFNC compared with comparator interventions in terms of treatment failure, mortality, adverse events, duration of respiratory support, hospital and ICU length of stay, respiratory effects, patient-reported outcomes, and costs of treatment...
May 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544665/humidified-high-flow-nasal-cannula-oxygen-in-bronchiolitis-reduces-need-for-invasive-ventilation-but-not-intensive-care-admission
#18
Chong Tien Goh, Lynette J Kirby, David N Schell, Jonathan R Egan
AIM: To describe the changes to paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission patterns and ventilation requirements for children with bronchiolitis following the introduction of humidified high-flow nasal cannula oxygen outside the PICU. METHODS: Retrospective study comparing patients <24 months of age with a discharge diagnosis of bronchiolitis admitted to the PICU. A comparison was made between those before humidified high-flow nasal cannula oxygen use (year 2008) to those immediately following the introduction of humidified high-flow nasal cannula oxygen use (year 2011) and those following further consolidation of humidified high-flow nasal cannula oxygen use outside the PICU (year 2013)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534235/nasal-high-flow-in-management-of-children-with-status-asthmaticus-a-retrospective-observational-study
#19
Florent Baudin, Alexandra Buisson, Blandine Vanel, Bruno Massenavette, Robin Pouyau, Etienne Javouhey
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common obstructive airway disease in children and adults. Nasal high flow (NHF) is a recent device that is now used as a primary support for respiratory distress. Several studies have reported use of NHF as a respiratory support in status asthmaticus; however, there are no data to recommend such practice. We therefore conducted this preliminary study to evaluate NHF therapy for children with status asthmaticus admitted to our PICU in order to prepare a multicentre randomized controlled study...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524026/-high-flow-nasal-cannulae-oxygen-in-patients-with-respiratory-failure-a-meta-analysis
#20
Weigang Yue, Zhigang Zhang, Caiyun Zhang, Liping Yang, Jufang He, Yuying Hou, Ying Tang, Jinhui Tian
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy of high-flow nasal cannulae oxygen (HFNC) in patients with respiratory failure. METHODS: Computerized PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, CBM, VIP, Wanfang Database up to March 31st, 2017, all published available randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or cohort studies about HFNC therapy for patients with respiratory failure were searched. The control group was treated with face mask oxygen therapy (FM) or non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV), while the experimental group was treated with HFNC...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
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