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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667310/self-management-of-congestive-heart-failure-among-elderly-men-in-japan
#1
Motohiro Sano, Tomoko Majima
The purpose of this study was to explore the process of self-management in elderly male patients with congestive heart failure among those who have had not needed re-hospitalization for more than 2 years. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 male congestive heart failure patients. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analysed using the modified grounded theory approach. As a result of the analysis, the core concept identified was a process of living life such that symptoms do not worsen, while balancing good choices and preferences...
April 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665889/using-implementation-intentions-to-prevent-relapse-after-psychological-treatment-for-depression-the-smart-intervention
#2
Mike Lucock, Serena Bartys, Jade Cupac, Jaime Delgadillo, Charlotte Denton, Sarah Gaines, Dean McMillan, Andrew Prestwich, Rick Stebbings
BACKGROUND: It is recognized that a significant proportion of people with depression are prone to relapse, even after successful treatment, and that self-management interventions should be developed and provided. There is evidence that implementation intentions (IMPS) can be successfully applied to health-related behaviours but their application to self-management of mental health problems has been limited. AIMS: This paper describes the design and initial evaluation of a Self-Management After Therapy (SMArT) intervention, which incorporated IMPS and followed psychological therapy for depression...
April 18, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665829/effect-of-a-low-intensity-self-management-lifestyle-intervention-on-knee-pain-in-community-based-young-to-middle-aged-rural-women-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Yuanyuan Wang, Catherine Lombard, Sultana Monira Hussain, Cheryce Harrison, Samantha Kozica, Sharmayne R E Brady, Helena Teede, Flavia M Cicuttini
BACKGROUND: Knee pain is common with obesity and weight gain being important risk factors. Previous clinical trials have focused on overweight or obese adults with knee pain and osteoarthritis and demonstrated modest effects of intense weight loss programs on reducing knee pain despite very significant weight loss. There has been no lifestyle intervention that targets community-based adults to test its effect on prevention of knee pain. We aimed to determine the effect of a simple low-intensity self-management lifestyle intervention (HeLP-her), proven in randomised controlled trials to improve lifestyle and prevent weight gain, on knee pain in community-based young to middle-aged rural women...
April 17, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664681/effect-of-bronchodilation-and-exercise-training-with-behavior-modification-on-exercise-tolerance-and-downstream-effects-on-symptoms-and-physical-activity-in-copd
#4
Thierry Troosters, François Maltais, Nancy Leidy, Kim L Lavoie, Maria Sedeno, Wim Janssens, Judith Garcia-Aymerich, Damijan Erzen, Dorothy De Sousa, Lawrence Korducki, Alan Hamilton, Jean Bourbeau
RATIONALE: Bronchodilation and exercise training (ExT) improve exercise tolerance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); however, behavior modification is required to impact on daily physical activity (PA). OBJECTIVES: To assess whether tiotropium/olodaterol, ±ExT, would improve exercise endurance time (EET) and PA compared with placebo in patients participating in a self-management behavior-modification (SMBM) program. METHODS: A 12-week, randomized, partially double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial in patients with COPD (PHYSACTO®; NCT02085161)...
April 17, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663553/rapid-evidence-assessment-of-approaches-to-community-neurological-nursing-care-for-people-with-neurological-conditions-post-discharge-from-acute-care-hospital
#5
REVIEW
Judith Dianne Pugh, Kathleen McCoy, Anne M Williams, Brenda Bentley, Leanne Monterosso
Neurological conditions represent leading causes of non-fatal burden of disease that will consume a large proportion of projected healthcare expenditure. Inconsistent access to integrated healthcare and other services for people with long-term neurological conditions stresses acute care services. The purpose of this rapid evidence assessment, conducted February-June 2016, was to review the evidence supporting community neurological nursing approaches for patients with neurological conditions post-discharge from acute care hospitals...
April 16, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662720/role-of-active-versus-passive-complementary-and-integrative-health-approaches-in-pain-management
#6
David Cosio, Erica Lin
Background: A general conclusion about the treatment of chronic, noncancer pain is that the results from traditional, passive modalities are disheartening. Perhaps this may be due to the propensity of patients to seek out passive versus active treatments. In pain management, active treatments should be the primary focus, with passive interventions as an adjunct. Objective: The current study tested the hypotheses that Veterans would report a greater significant increase in active versus transitional and active versus passive complementary and integrative health (CIH) utilization after completing a formal pain education program...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662537/untire-an-all-embracing-self-management-ehealth-program-to-cope-with-cancer-related-fatigue
#7
EDITORIAL
Abraham Johannes Kuiper, Maria Dorothea Jacoba Wolvers, Dora Vonk, Anton Hagenbeek
Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a frequent and invalidating problem in (former) cancer patients. If there are no medical causes, relief of fatigue can be attained by means of non-pharmacological interventions. Guidelines prescribe a multimodal approach with a focus on mental processes, physical activity and sleep. Online interventions have been shown to be effective in reducing CRF. These results inspired the creation of an all-embracing app on the various behavioural and physical activity modification themes that are recommended in oncological guidelines...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661916/sustained-reduction-in-severe-hypoglycemia-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-complicated-by-impaired-awareness-of-hypoglycemia-2-year-follow-up-in-the-hypocompass-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Stuart A Little, Jane Speight, Lalantha Leelarathna, Emma Walkinshaw, Horng Kai Tan, Anita Bowes, Alexandra Lubina-Solomon, Thomas J Chadwick, Deborah D Stocken, Catherine Brennand, Sally M Marshall, Ruth Wood, David Kerr, Daniel Flanagan, Simon R Heller, Mark L Evans, James A M Shaw
OBJECTIVE: Severe hypoglycemia is a feared complication of type 1 diabetes; yet, few trials have targeted prevention using optimized self-management (educational, therapeutic, and technological support). We aimed to investigate whether improved awareness and reduced severe hypoglycemia, achieved during an intensive randomized clinical trial (RCT), were sustained after return to routine care. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Ninety-six adults with type 1 diabetes (29 ± 12 years' duration) and impaired awareness of hypoglycemia at five U...
April 16, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661704/becoming-an-ecoach-training-therapists-in-online-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-chronic-pain
#9
Jessy A Terpstra, Rosalie van der Vaart, Saskia Spillekom-van Koulil, Arno van Dam, Judith G M Rosmalen, Hans Knoop, Henriët van Middendorp, Andrea W M Evers
OBJECTIVE: Online cognitive-behavioral therapy (iCBT) is effective in supporting patients' self-management. Since iCBT differs from face-to-face CBT on several levels, proper training of therapists is essential. This paper describes the development and evaluation of a therapist training based on theoretical domains that are known to influence implementation behavior, for an iCBT for chronic pain. METHODS: The training consists of 1.5 days and covers the implementation domains "knowledge", "skills", "motivation", and "organization", by focusing on the therapy's rationale, iCBT skills, and implementation strategies...
April 7, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660034/e-cigarettes-may-support-smokers-with-high-smoking-related-risk-awareness-to-stop-smoking-in-the-short-run-preliminary-results-by-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Marianna Masiero, Claudio Lucchiari, Ketti Mazzocco, Giulia Veronesi, Patrick Maisonneuve, Costantino Jemos, Emanuela Omodeo Salè, Stefania Spina, Raffaella Bertolotti, Gabriella Pravettoni
Introduction: E-cigarettes may be positively used in tobacco cessation treatments. However, neither the World Health Organization nor the American Food and Drug Administration has recognized them as effective cessation aids. Data about the efficacy and safety of e-cigarettes are still limited and controversial. Methods: This was a double-blind randomized controlled study. The main aim was to assess the efficacy of the use of e-cigarettes in a tobacco cessation program with a group of chronic smokers voluntarily involved in long-term lung cancer screening...
April 11, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659914/cognitive-abilities-moderate-the-effect-of-disease-severity-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-sickle-cell-disease
#11
Steven J Hardy, Sarah E Bills, Shane M Wise, Kristina K Hardy
Objective: Complications that can arise from sickle cell disease (SCD) have the potential to negatively affect health-related quality of life (HRQL). SCD manifests in varying degrees of severity, but effects on HRQL are not uniform. Cognitive abilities influence HRQL in other pediatric groups, potentially through variability in treatment adherence and psychological coping. This study examined the effect of SCD severity on HRQL and explored cognitive abilities as a moderator of this relationship...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659819/mindfulness-based-lifestyle-programs-for-the-self-management-of-parkinson-s-disease-in-australia
#12
Brooke E Vandenberg, Jenny Advocat, Craig Hassed, Jennifer Hester, Joanne Enticott, Grant Russell
Despite emerging evidence suggesting positive outcomes of mindfulness training for the self-management of other neurodegenerative diseases, limited research has explored its effect on the self-management of Parkinson's disease (PD). We aimed to characterize the experiences of individuals participating in a facilitated, group mindfulness-based lifestyle program for community living adults with Stage 2 PD and explore how the program influenced beliefs about self-management of their disease. Our longitudinal qualitative study was embedded within a randomized controlled trial exploring the impact of a 6-week mindfulness-based lifestyle program on patient-reported function...
April 11, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658989/the-effectiveness-of-a-group-self-management-education-course-for-adults-with-poorly-controlled-epilepsy-smile-uk-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Leone Ridsdale, Gabriella Wojewodka, Emily J Robinson, Adam J Noble, Myfanwy Morgan, Stephanie J C Taylor, Paul McCrone, Mark P Richardson, Gus Baker, Sabine Landau, Laura H Goldstein
OBJECTIVE: Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological conditions affecting about 1% of adults. Up to 40% of people with epilepsy (PWE) report recurring seizures while on medication. And optimal functioning requires good self-management. Our objective was to evaluate a group self-management education courses for people with epilepsy and drug-resistant seizures by means of a multicenter, pragmatic, parallel group, randomized controlled trial. METHODS: We recruited adults with epilepsy, having ≥2 seizures in the prior 12 months, from specialist clinics...
April 16, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658626/gabric-diabetes-school-an-innovative-education-centre-for-people-with-diabetes
#14
Alireza Esteghamati, Farhad Hosseinpanah, Seyed Adel Jahed, Hadi Harati, Mohammad Taghi Cheraghchi Bashi Astaneh, Hormoz Kaykhanzadeh, Sara Sedaghat
Diabetes prevalence and deaths attributable to diabetes continue to rise across globally. Diabetes Self-Management Education and Support (DSME/S) is a critical resource designed to help people with diabetes (PWD) successfully selfmanage their disease; however, its utilization is too low. In the Islamic Republic of Iran, there are currently limited structured educational programmes and no national standards for DSME/S protocol. In response to this, the GABRIC Diabetes Education Association (GDEA) has been developed as a school for diabetics, which has a comprehensive DSME/S programme for PWD with 18 distinct courses on 5 levels for 8 target groups...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658286/personal-health-coaching-as-a-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-self-management-strategy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Meysam Pirbaglou, Joel Katz, Mehras Motamed, Sarah Pludwinski, Krista Walker, Paul Ritvo
OBJECTIVE: Personal health coaching (PHC) programs have become increasingly utilized as a type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) self-management intervention strategy. This article evaluates the impact of PHC programs on glycemic management and related psychological outcomes. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, and Web of Science). STUDY INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Randomized controlled trials (RCT) published between January 1990 and September 2017 and focused on the effectiveness of PHC interventions in adults with T2DM...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657352/experience-of-sleep-disruption-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-focus-group-study
#16
Katie L Hackett, Vincent Deary, Katherine Ho Deane, Julia L Newton, Wan-Fai Ng, Tim Rapley
Introduction: Primary Sjögren's syndrome is the third most common systemic autoimmune rheumatic disease, following rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus, and results in dryness, fatigue, discomfort and sleep disturbances. Sleep is relatively unexplored in primary Sjögren's syndrome. We investigated the experiences of sleep disturbances from the viewpoint of primary Sjögren's syndrome patients and their partners and explored the acceptability of cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia...
April 2018: British Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656142/management-of-foot-ankle-osteoarthritis-by-australian-general-practitioners-an-analysis-of-national-patient-encounter-records
#17
Kade L Paterson, Christopher Harrison, Helena Britt, Rana S Hinman, Kim L Bennell
OBJECTIVE: To document the management of foot/ankle osteoarthritis/arthritis (OA) by general practitioners (GP) in Australia. DESIGN: We analysed data from the Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health Program April 2010-March 2016 inclusive. Patient and GP encounter characteristics were extracted. Data were classified by the International Classification of Primary Care, Version 2, and summarised using descriptive statistics and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) around point estimates...
April 12, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652215/stigma-of-sickle-cell-disease-a-systematic-review
#18
Dominique Bulgin, Paula Tanabe, Coretta Jenerette
The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize the literature regarding health-related stigma in adolescents and adults living with sickle cell disease (SCD). Four domains were identified from 27 studies: 1) social consequences of stigma, 2) the effect of stigma on psychological well-being, 3) the effect of stigma on physiological well-being, and 4) the impact of stigma on patient-provider relationships and care-seeking behaviors. Current literature revealed that SCD stigma has detrimental consequences...
April 13, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650109/self-management-education-and-support
#19
Diana Sherifali, Lori D Berard, Enza Gucciardi, Barbara MacDonald, Gail MacNeill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649931/self-management-in-liver-transplant-recipients-a-narrative-review
#20
Dami Ko, Rebecca J Muehrer, Lisa C Bratzke
INTRODUCTION: Although self-management is essential for liver transplant recipients, there is no review that has synthesized findings related to self-management in this population. OBJECTIVE: This narrative review aimed to synthesize the current findings and identify the gaps in knowledge about self-management in liver recipients. METHODS: A search of PubMed, CINAHL Plus, PsychINFO, ProQuest, and Web of Science was conducted using the following terms: [Self-care OR Self-management OR Health behavior] AND [Liver transplantation]...
January 1, 2018: Progress in Transplantation
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