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nc RNA

Jingping Zhang, Jingjing Huang, Kasimujiang Aximujiang, Chenbo Xu, Abulaiti Ahemaiti, Guixia Wu, Li Zhong, Kurexi Yunusi
Stress is a powerful modulator of neuroendocrine, behavioral, and immunological functions. So far, the molecular mechanisms of response to stressors still remain elusive. In the current study, after 10 days of repeated chronic stress (hot-dry environment and electric foot-shock), a murine model of combined-stress (CS) was created in the SPF Wistar rats. Meanwhile, we established an ulcerative-colitis (UC) rat model induced by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)/ethanol enema according to previous studies...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Tetsuya Ikemoto, Rui Feng, Mitsuo Shimada, Yu Saito, Shuichi Iwahashi, Yuji Morine, Satoru Imura
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to develop a simple protocol for deriving insulin-producing cells (IPCs) from adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs). We established a 2-step creation method and an acceleration strategy with a histone deacetylase inhibitor that promoted a pro-endocrine pancreatic lineage. METHODS: We seeded ADSCs in 96-well dishes and cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium/F12 medium containing 1% fetal bovine serum, 1% B27 supplement, 1% N2 supplement, 50-ng/mL human activin A, and 10-nM exendin-4 for step 1 of differentiation (7 days)...
April 2018: Pancreas
Shipeng Chen, Luo Yang, Jie Feng
OBJECTIVES: To explore the apoptotic effects and underlying mechanisms of nitidine chloride (NC) in epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS: The MTT cell proliferation assay was used to detect the inhibitory effects of different concentrations of NC (0, 0.3125, 0.625, 1.25, 2.5, 5 and 10 μg/ml) in SKOV3 ovarian carcinoma cells. The number of apoptotic cells was observed by Hoechst staining and measured by flow cytometry. Quantitative PCR was used to measure the expression of Fas, Fas-associated death domain-containing protein (FADD), caspase-8 and caspase-3...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Petros Takousis
Changes associated with neurodegeneration at the cellular level are manifestations of deregulated biochemical pathways, and typically precede neuronal loss. Incorporation of molecular markers in the diagnostic process could aid detection of early changes, prior to extensive neuronal loss, as early as the presymptomatic stages of the disorder, thus enabling improved patient stratification for targeted drug development. Such biomarkers should be sufficiently sensitive and specific to distinguish AD from other disorders with overlapping symptoms...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Alžběta Dostálková, Filip Kaufman, Ivana Křížová, Anna Kultová, Karolína Strohalmová, Romana Hadravová, Tomáš Ruml, Michaela Rumlová
In addition to specific RNA-binding zinc finger domains, retroviral Gag polyprotein contains clusters of basic amino acid residues thought to support Gag-viral genomic RNA (gRNA) interactions. One of these clusters is the basic K16 NK18 EK20 region, located upstream of the first zinc finger of the Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (M-PMV) nucleocapsid protein (NC). To investigate the role of this basic region in the M-PMV life cycle, we used a combination of in vivo and in vitro methods to study a series of mutants in which the overall charge of this region was more positive (RNRER), more negative (AEAEA), or neutral (AAAAA)...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Virology
Zhaoming Su, Chao Wu, Liuqing Shi, Priya Luthra, Grigore D Pintilie, Britney Johnson, Justin R Porter, Peng Ge, Muyuan Chen, Gai Liu, Thomas E Frederick, Jennifer M Binning, Gregory R Bowman, Z Hong Zhou, Christopher F Basler, Michael L Gross, Daisy W Leung, Wah Chiu, Gaya K Amarasinghe
Ebola virus nucleoprotein (eNP) assembles into higher-ordered structures that form the viral nucleocapsid (NC) and serve as the scaffold for viral RNA synthesis. However, molecular insights into the NC assembly process are lacking. Using a hybrid approach, we characterized the NC-like assembly of eNP, identified novel regulatory elements, and described how these elements impact function. We generated a three-dimensional structure of the eNP NC-like assembly at 5.8 Å using electron cryo-microscopy and identified a new regulatory role for eNP helices α22-α23...
February 22, 2018: Cell
Zhijun Zhao, Bin Wang, Junhai Hao, Weitao Man, Yongkai Chang, Shunchang Ma, Yeshuai Hu, Fusheng Liu, Jun Yang
Expression of the long non-coding RNA taurine-upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) is associated with various aggressive tumors. The present study aimed to investigate the biological function of TUG1 in regulating apoptosis, proliferation, invasion and cell cycle distribution in human glioma U251 cells. Lentivirus-mediated TUG1-specific microRNA was transfected into U251 cells to abrogate the expression of TUG1. Flow cytometry analysis was used to examine the cell cycle distribution and apoptosis of U251 cells. Cellular proliferation was examined using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assays and invasion was examined by Transwell assays...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Etsu Suzuki, Hiroyuki Imuta, Daishi Fujita, Masao Takahashi, Shigeyoshi Oba, Arihiro Kiyosue, Hiroaki Nishimatsu
BACKGROUND: Intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) has been implicated in plaque instability and rupture in atherosclerotic lesions, although the mechanisms by which IPH progresses remain largely unknown. In this study, apolipoprotein E-deficient mice with carotid artery ligation and cuff placement around the artery were used, and pro-inflammatory cytokines that are implicated in IPH were analyzed.Methods and Results:The expression of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) increased significantly following cuff placement compared with mice with carotid artery ligation alone...
February 22, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
X-S Yang, G-X Wang, L Luo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA SNHG16 in ovarian cancer and to further investigate its role in the development of ovarian cancer as well as its potential regulatory mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of SNHG16 in 103 ovarian cancer tissues and normal tissues; the relationship between the expression of SNHG16 and the pathological parameters of ovarian cancer and the prognosis of patients was also analyzed...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Zhongyang Xu, Xiuyu Wang, Yanping Zheng
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis and autoimmune disease, the etiology and pathogenesis of which remain largely unknown. In the present study, blood samples were harvested from patients with AS and from healthy volunteers as a normal control (NC) for RNA-sequencing. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the AS group compared with the NC group were identified, and gene ontology (GO) term and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were subsequently performed...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Lihua Li, Juan Li, Jing Yi, Hang Liu, Han Lei
Irbesartan has previously shown antiatherosclerotic effects on human carotid atherosclerotic plaques. Our study aimed to assess the dose-effect of irbesartan on cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in rabbit atherosclerotic aorta. New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into 6 groups: normal control (NC), high cholesterol (HC), low-dose (10 mg·kg·day), medium-dose (20 mg·kg·d), and high-dose (30 mg·kg·d) irbesartan and celecoxib (20 mg·kg·d). Except for the NCs, rabbits were fed a HC diet for 14 weeks to induce atherosclerosis...
February 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Angad Garg, Ana M Sanchez, Stewart Shuman, Beate Schwer
The expression of the phosphate transporter Pho84 in fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe is repressed in phosphate-rich medium and induced during phosphate starvation. Two other phosphate-responsive genes in S. pombe (pho1 and tgp1) had been shown to be repressed in cis by transcription of a long noncoding (lnc) RNA from the upstream flanking gene, but whether pho84 expression is regulated in this manner is unclear. Here we show that repression of pho84 is enforced by transcription of the SPBC8E4.02c locus upstream of pho84 to produce a lncRNA that we name prt2 (pho-repressive transcript 2) We identify two essential elements of the prt2 promoter: HomolD box and TATA box, mutations of which inactivate the prt2 promoter and derepress the downstream pho84 promoter under phosphate-replete conditions...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Shu-Jun Zhang, Jie Yao, Bao-Zhong Shen, Guang-Bo Li, Shan-Shan Kong, Dan-Dan Bi, Shang-Ha Pan, Bing-Lin Cheng
Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs/piRs) are small non-coding RNAs that can serve important roles in genome stability by silencing transposable genetic elements. piR651, one of these novel piRNAs, regulates a number of biological functions, as well as carcinogenesis. Previous studies have reported that piR651 is overexpressed in human gastric cancer tissues and in several cancer cell lines, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines. However, the role of piRNAs in carcinogenesis has not been clearly defined...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
Jing-Xuan Ning, Yan-Jie He, Yu-Hua Li
OBJECTIVE: The study was to investigate the effect of silencing Eps8 gene expression on proliferation and apoptosis of human leukemia K562 cells and its molecular mechanism. METHODS: The expetriments were divided into 3 groups, including blank control group(K562 cells without treatment), K562-shRNA group(K562 cells transfected by specific Eps8-shRNA lenticiral vector) and K562-NC group(K562 cells transfected by negtive control lenticiral vector). K562 cells with stably-silenced Eps8 gene were constucted by lentibirus-mediated RNA technology...
February 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Yukiko Cho, Takashi Ideue, Megumi Nagayama, Norie Araki, Tokio Tani
Satellite I RNA, a noncoding (nc)RNA transcribed from repetitive regions in human centromeres, binds to Aurora kinase B and forms a ncRNP complex required for chromosome segregation. To examine its function in this process, we purified satellite I ncRNP complex from nuclear extracts prepared from asynchronized or mitotic (M) phase-arrested HeLa cells and then carried out LC/MS to identify proteins bound to satellite I RNA. RBMX (RNA-binding motif protein, X-linked), which was isolated from M phase-arrested cells, was selected for further characterization...
January 31, 2018: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
Yuan Liang, Yang-Yang Ma, Lin-Lin Li, Xiao-Yu Shen, Tian Xin, Yu-Wei Zhao, Rui Ma
This study aims to investigate the effects of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) LINC01116 on non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its mechanism involving cell biological behaviors through the Hippo signaling pathway. Differentially expressed lncRNAs in NSCLC were sreened out from microarrays (GSE18842, GSE33532) of GEO database, and target genes were predicted in MEM. NSCLC and paracancerous tissues were extracted from NSCLC patients. Immunohistochemistry and TUNEL staining were used to identify positive expression of YAP1 and FAT4 as well as tissue apoptosis...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Tatjana Döring, Lisa Zeyen, Christina Bartusch, Reinhild Prange
Previous studies indicated that hepatitis B virus (HBV) stimulates autophagy to favor its production. To understand how HBV co-opts autophagy as a proviral machinery, we studied roles of key autophagy proteins in HBV-replicating liver cell cultures. RNAi-mediated silencing of Atg5, Atg12, and Atg16L1, which promote autophagophore expansion and LC3 membrane conjugation, interfered with viral core/nucleocapsid (NC) formation/stability and strongly diminished virus yields. Concomitantly, core/NC membrane association and their sorting to envelope-positive compartments were perturbed...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Virology
Ram C Shankaraiah, Angelo Veronese, Silvia Sabbioni, Massimo Negrini
Proliferating cancer cells reprogram their metabolic circuitry to thrive in an environment deficient in nutrients and oxygen. Cancer cells exhibit a higher rate of glucose metabolism than normal somatic cells, which is achieved by switching from oxidative phosphorylation to aerobic glycolysis to meet the energy and metabolites demands of tumour progression. This phenomenon, which is known as the Warburg effect, has generated renewed interest in the process of glucose metabolism reprogramming in cancer cells...
January 20, 2018: Cancer Letters
Xia-Wa Mao, Jia-Quan Xiao, Zhong-Yi Li, Yi-Chun Zheng, Nan Zhang
This study investigated the effects of microRNA-135a (miR-135a) targeting of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) on the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), migration and invasion of bladder cancer (BC) cells by mediating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. BC and adjacent normal tissues were collected from 165 BC patients. Western blotting and quantitative real-time PCR were used to detect the expression of GSK3β, β-catenin, cyclinD1, E-cadherin, vimentin and miR-135a in BC tissues and cells. Cells were assigned to blank, negative control (NC), miR-135a mimics, miR-135a inhibitors, small interfering RNA (siRNA)-GSK3β or miR-135a inhibitors+siRNA-GSK3β groups...
January 19, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
Nicole J Ward, Darrell Green, Janet Higgins, Tamas Dalmay, Andrea Münsterberg, Simon Moxon, Grant N Wheeler
BACKGROUND: The neural crest (NC) is a class of transitory stem cell-like cells unique to vertebrate embryos. NC cells arise within the dorsal neural tube where they undergo an epithelial to mesenchymal transition in order to migrate and differentiate throughout the developing embryo. The derivative cell types give rise to multiple tissues, including the craniofacial skeleton, peripheral nervous system and skin pigment cells. Several well-studied gene regulatory networks underpin NC development, which when disrupted can lead to various neurocristopathies such as craniofrontonasal dysplasia, DiGeorge syndrome and some forms of cancer...
January 18, 2018: BMC Genomics
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