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Nano tubes

Hiroaki Nomada, Kinichi Morita, Hirokazu Higuchi, Hiroaki Yoshioka, Yuji Oki
A polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-based optical system has been demonstrated. To suppress intense background radiation due to multiple internal scatting in a transparent material, a composite structure of a carbon-PDMS compound and PDMS was proposed. The index matching of the real part of the refractive index can suppress internal scattering, and an absorption of 99-99.7% was attained by using carbon micro particles and carbon nano tubes. The black-PDMS light channel functions as a light filter for straight pass, and an optical density of 5 was obtained by bending the filter...
May 1, 2017: Talanta
Salma Omidi, Maryam Javidi, Mina Zarei, Siavash Mushakhian, Amirhossein Jafarian
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this animal study was to evaluate the histological response of the new nano zinc-oxide eugenol (NZOE) sealer in comparison with Pulp Canal Sealer (ZOE based) and AH-26 (epoxy resin sealer). METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 27 Wistar rats were used. Four polyethylene tubes were implanted in the back of each rat (three tubes containing the test materials and an empty tube as a control). Then, 9 animals were sacrificed at each interval of 15, 30 and 60 days, and the implants were removed with the surrounding tissues...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
V Khalili, J Khalil-Allafi, J Frenzel, G Eggeler
In order to improve the surface bioactivity of NiTi bone implant and corrosion resistance, hydroxyapatite coating with addition of 20wt% silicon, 1wt% multi walled carbon nano-tubes and both of them were deposited on a NiTi substrate using a cathodic electrophoretic method. The apatite formation ability was estimated using immersion test in the simulated body fluid for 10days. The SEM images of the surface of coatings after immersion in simulated body fluid show that the presence of silicon in the hydroxyapatite coatings accelerates in vitro growth of apatite layer on the coatings...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Auezhan Amanov, Soo-Wohn Lee, Young-Sik Pyun
We propose herein a nondestructive surface modification technique called ultrasonic nanocrystalline surface modification (UNSM) to increase the strength and to improve the tribological performance of 316L stainless steel (SS) tubing. Nanocrystallization along nearly the complete tube thickness of 200μm was achieved by UNSM technique that was confirmed by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). Nano-hardness of the untreated and UNSM-treated specimens was measured using a nanoindentation. Results revealed that a substantial increase in hardness was obtained for the UNSM-treated specimen that may be attributed to the nanocrystallization and refined grains...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Ieva Antanavičiūtė, Linas Šimatonis, Orestas Ulčinas, Aušra Gadeikytė, Brigita Abakevičienė, Sigitas Tamulevičius, Valeryia Mikalayeva, Vytenis Arvydas Skeberdis, Edgaras Stankevičius, Tomas Tamulevičius
Engineering of sophisticated synthetic 3D scaffolds that allow controlling behavior and location of the cells requires advanced micro/nano fabrication techniques. Ultrafast laser micro-machining employing a 1030 nm wavelength Yb:KGW femtosecond laser and a micro-fabrication workstation for micro-machining of commercially available 12.7 and 25.4 µm thickness polyimide (PI) film was applied. Mechanical properties of the fabricated scaffolds, i.e., arrays of differently spaced holes, were examined via custom-built uniaxial micro-tensile testing and finite element method simulations...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Payam Hayati, Ali Reza Rezvani, Ali Morsali, Pascal Retailleau
Two new potassium coordination supramolecular compounds (2D and 1D), [K(H3L)(H2L)(H2O)]n·H2O (1) and [K(H2L')(HL')(H2O)2]·H2O (2), (L=1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid, L'=2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid), have been synthesized under different experimental conditions. Micrometric crystals (bulk) or nano-sized materials have been obtained depending on using the branch tube method or sonochemical irradiation. All materials have been characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), FT-IR spectroscopy and elemental analyses...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Babak Mirtamizdoust
Nano-sheets of a novel Pb(II)-based 3D metal-organic coordination polymer [Pb2(nih)2(NO3)4(CH3OH)]n (1) were synthesized by a branched-tube method and sonochemical reaction. The synthesis was done using various times, concentrations of initial reagents, and irradiation power. The compound was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential thermal analysis (DTA), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and single-crystal X-ray analysis...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Nguyen Duc Chinh, Nguyen Duc Quang, Hyundong Lee, Truong Thi Hien, Nguyen Minh Hieu, Dahye Kim, Chunjoong Kim, Dojin Kim
In2O3 nanostructure sensors were fabricated by arc-discharging a source composed of a graphite tube containing indium. The NO gas sensing properties, as well as the morphology, structure, and electrical properties, were examined at room temperature under UV light illumination. In particular, the response and recovery kinetics of the sensor at room temperature under various UV light intensities were studied. The maximum response signal was observed at an intermediate UV light intensity, which could be corroborated by a nano-size effect based on the conduction model of a resistive chemical nano sensor...
October 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
Hamid Reza Barzegar, Aiming Yan, Sinisa Coh, Eduardo Gracia-Espino, Gabriel Dunn, Thomas Wågberg, Steven G Louie, Marvin L Cohen, Alex Zettl
We demonstrate an inflatable nanoballoon actuator based on geometrical transitions between the inflated (cylindrical) and collapsed (flattened) forms of a carbon nanotube. In situ transmission electron microscopy experiments employing a nanoelectromechanical manipulator show that a collapsed carbon nanotube can be reinflated by electrically charging the nanotube, thus realizing an electrostatically driven nanoballoon actuator. We find that the tube actuator can be reliably cycled with only modest control voltages (few volts) with no apparent wear or fatigue...
November 9, 2016: Nano Letters
Amnon C Sintov, Giora Enden
The purpose of this study was to investigate a new polymeric system and production process in which self-assembled doxorubicin-loaded nanoparticles were synthetized by using a water-in-oil microemulsion as a template and calcium ions as cross-linkers. The manufacturing process combined cross-linking of carbomer within a W/O microemulsion followed by a phase-separation technique to avoid using organic solvents for extraction. To assess the sustained release behavior of doxorubicin from the nanoparticles, we have developed a new simple method based on the permeability coefficient of a synthetic membrane mounted on Franz diffusion cell system...
October 6, 2016: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
A Akdemir
UNLABELLED: Passive samplers are used in air quality monitoring for many years to compete in terms of being economical with continuous measurement systems. In this study, different amounts of single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) were added in the impregnation solution of the filters of passive samplers and the effect on the absorption of ozone studied. The results of the measurement of ozone with varying amounts of SWCNTs added to the impregnation solution of the filters of the passive samplers were compared with the results of the continuous ozone measurement system (CS)...
October 2016: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
Fariba Ezoji, Kasra Tabari, Zahra Jaberi Ansari, Hassan Torabzadeh, Mohammad Javad Kharrazi Fard
OBJECTIVES: Micromechanical retention of resin cements to alloys is an important factor affecting the longevity of metal base restorations. This study aimed to compare the bond strength and etching pattern of a newly introduced experimental etchant gel namely Nano Met Etch with those of conventional surface treatment techniques for nickel-chrome (Ni-Cr) and high noble alloys. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 120 discs (8×10×15 mm) were cast with Ni-Cr (n=20), high noble BegoStar (n=50) and gold coin alloys (n=50)...
January 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Zoran S Stojanović, Nenad Ignjatović, Victoria Wu, Vojka Žunič, Ljiljana Veselinović, Srečo Škapin, Miroslav Miljković, Vuk Uskoković, Dragan Uskoković
Recent developments in bone tissue engineering have led to an increased interest in one-dimensional (1D) hydroxyapatite (HA) nano- and micro-structures such as wires, ribbons and tubes. They have been proposed for use as cell substrates, reinforcing phases in composites and carriers for biologically active substances. Here we demonstrate the synthesis of 1D HA structures using an optimized, urea-assisted, high-yield hydrothermal batch process. The one-pot process, yielding HA structures composed of bundles of ribbons and wires, was typified by the simultaneous occurrence of a multitude of intermediate reactions, failing to meet the uniformity criteria over particle morphology and size...
November 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Dusan Vobornik, Shan Zou, Gregory P Lopinski
While atomic force microscopy (AFM) is a powerful technique for imaging assemblies and networks of nanoscale materials, approaches for quantitative assessment of the morphology of these materials are lacking. Here we present a volume-based approach for analyzing AFM images of assemblies of nano-objects that enables the extraction of relevant parameters describing their morphology. Random networks of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) deposited via solution-phase processing are used as an example to develop the method and demonstrate its utility...
August 30, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Christian J Long, Nathan D Orloff, Kevin A Twedt, Thomas Lam, Fernando Vargas-Lara, Minhua Zhao, Bharath Natarajan, Keana C Scott, Eric Marksz, Tinh Nguyen, Jack F Douglas, Jabez McClelland, Edward Garboczi, Jan Obrzut, J Alexander Liddle
Carbon nanotube composites are lightweight, multifunctional materials with readily adjustable mechanical and electrical properties-relevant to the aerospace, automotive, and sporting goods industries as high-performance structural materials. Here, we combine well-established and newly developed characterization techniques to demonstrate that ultraviolet (UV) light exposure provides a controllable means to enhance the electrical conductivity of the surface of a commercial carbon nanotube-epoxy composite by over 5 orders of magnitude...
September 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
K Kajiwara, Y Matsui, T P Yadav, N K Mukhopadhyay, O N Srivastava
The present report describes the catalytic activity of mechanically activated nano quasicrystalline Al65Cu20Fe15 and related nano crystalline Al50Cu28Fe22 for the synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). CNTs are synthesized by catalytic decomposition of ethanol through nano quasicrystalline Al65Cu20Fe15 and related crystalline Al50Cu28Fe22 alloys as a catalyst. The synthesized multi-walled CNTs exhibits tube diameter ranging from 5 to 25 nm. The synthesized CNTs are characterized by scanning and transmission electron microscopy...
March 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Serhan Uruş
The synthesis of aminomethylphosphine-metal complexes have opened a new perspective to the catalytic applications of organic compounds. Magnetic Fe3O4 nano-core was synthesized using the closed quartz tube with Teflon cover and microwaved 200°C for 1h with power controlled instrument set to max. 600W. Novel nano-composite supported; Fe3O4@SiO2(CH2)3NHArN(CH2PPh2)2 and Fe3O4@SiO2(CH2)3N(CH2PPh2)2 type bis(diphenylphosphinomethyl)amino ligands and their Pd(II) complexes have been synthesized and characterized with FT-IR, SEM, EDX, TEM, UV-Visible, XRD and TG/DTA techniques...
December 15, 2016: Food Chemistry
Kyungho Kang, Ahmad Zakiyuddin, Kwangmin Lee
CP Grade II titanium was first anodized in order to form TiO2 nanotubes, and then the TiO2 nano- tubes were coated with hydroxyapatite using the sol-gel method. The electrochemical properties of pure Ti, anodized TiO2 nanotubes, and HA-coated TiO2 nanotubes were investigated using poten- tiodynamic polarization and impedance tests. The sol-gel-coated HA nanoparticles were observed to sufficiently penetrate into the TiO2 nanotubes, and the polarization resistance of the HA-coated titanium nanotubes was higher than that of those that had just been anodized...
February 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Bin Sun, Yan Wang, Guifu Ding
This paper reports a novel implanting micromachining technology. By using this method, for the first time, we could implant nano-scale materials into milli-scale metal substrates at room temperature. Ni-based flexible carbon nanotube (CNT) field emitters were fabricated by the novel micromachining method. By embedding CNT roots into Ni foil using polymer matrix as transfer media, effective direct contact between Ni and CNTs was achieved. As a result, our novel emitter shows relatively good field emission properties such as low turn-on field and good stability...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Yu-Jung Lin, Wen-ZhiCao, Chang-Tang Chang
TiO₂ has been studied most commonly because it has high stability, non-toxicity, high catalytic activity, and highly conductivity. Many studies have shown that TiO₂ would generate electron-hole pairs illuminated with UV and surround more energy than that before being illuminated. However, the surface area of TiO₂ is not large enough and the adsorption capacity is small. In this study, the titanium nano tube (TNT) catalysts were prepared to increase the surface area and adsorption capacity. The Fe-TNT was also prepared from slag iron since many slag iron cause waste treatment problems...
January 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
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