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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040915/a-novel-three-dimensional-carbonized-pani1600-cnts-network-for-enhanced-enzymatic-biofuel-cell
#1
Zepeng Kang, Kailong Jiao, Jin Cheng, Ruiyun Peng, Shuqiang Jiao, Zongqian Hu
A novel three-dimensional (3D) carbon composite of PANI1600@CNTs with rhizobium-like structure is prepared by in-situ polymerization of aniline monomers around and along the functionalized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and then carbonized at 1600°C for enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs). The SEM and TEM images clearly show that the carbonized PANI grew seamlessly on the surface of CNTs and presented the rhizobium-like structure. The carbonized PANI acts like conductive "glue" and connects the adjacent tubes together, which can assemble the CNTs into a 3D network...
October 7, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985673/observation-of-the-marcus-inverted-region-of-electron-transfer-from-asymmetric-chemical-doping-of-pristine-n-m-single-walled-carbon-nanotubes
#2
Yuichiro Kunai, Albert Tianxiang Liu, Anton L Cottrill, Volodymyr B Koman, Pingwei Liu, Daichi Kozawa, Xun Gong, Michael S Strano
The concept of electrical energy generation based on asymmetric chemical doping (ACD) of single-walled carbon nano-tube (SWNT) papers is presented. We explore 27 small, organic, electron-acceptor molecules that are shown to tune the output open circuit voltage (VOC) across three types of pristine SWNT papers with varying (n, m) chirality distributions. A considerable enhancement in the observed VOC, from 80 to 440 mV, is observed for SWNT/molecule acceptor pairs that have molecular volume below 120 Å(3) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energies centered around -0...
October 6, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970551/kerogen-swelling-and-confinement-its-implication-on-fluid-thermodynamic-properties-in-shales
#3
Manas Pathak, Hyukmin Kweon, Milind Deo, Hai Huang
Type I kerogen was isolated from Green River Shale and characterized using SEM, TGA, DSC, and nitrogen adsorption. The swelling behavior of this kerogen with decane was analyzed using traditional test-tube swelling experiment and Dynamic Light Scattering. The TGA and DSC were used to analyze the thermodynamic behavior of decane that was sorbed in the kerogen and show that kerogen suppresses the boiling point of decane due to the effect of confinement. However, the suppression is larger when oil (a multicomponent mixture) was used, possibly due to the combined effect of differential uptake of components by kerogen (kerogen prefers and sorbs polars and aromatics more than saturates, leading to splitting of oil into a sorbed and a free phase) and confinement in nano pores...
October 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949506/ultralow-percolation-threshold-in-nanoconfined-domains
#4
David R Barbero, Nicolas Boulanger
Self-assembled percolated networks play an important role in many advanced electronic materials and devices. In nanocarbon composites, decreasing the percolation threshold ϕc is of paramount importance to reduce nanotube bundling, minimize material resources and costs, and enhance charge transport. Here we demonstrate that three-dimensional nanoconfinement in single-wall carbon nanotube/polymer nanocomposites produces a strong reduction in ϕc, reaching the lowest value ever reported in this system of ϕc ≈ 1...
October 10, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936174/the-effect-of-velvet-antler-proteins-on-cardiac-microvascular-endothelial-cells-challenged-with-ischemia-hypoxia
#5
Xiang Xiao, Shuqiang Xu, Lin Li, Min Mao, Jinping Wang, Yanjun Li, Ziwei Wang, Fei Ye, Li Huang
Velvet antler (VA) is a precious traditional Chinese medicine that is capable of repeated regeneration. Based on the Chinese medicine theory of coordination the heart and kidneys, VA has been employed to treat heart diseases, including ischemic heart disease, heart failure, and arrhythmia. We examined the effects of VA proteins on primary cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs) that were subjected to ischemia-hypoxia (IH) to investigate their effects on and mechanism of action in the treatment of ischemic heart disease...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923539/efficient-vegf-targeting-delivery-of-dox-using-bevacizumab-conjugated-sio2-ldh-for-anti-neuroblastoma-therapy
#6
Rongrong Zhu, Zhaoqi Wang, Peng Liang, Xiaolie He, Xizhen Zhuang, Ruiqi Huang, Mei Wang, Qigang Wang, Yechang Qian, Shilong Wang
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays an important role in angiogenesis and is highly expressed in carcinoma, which make it an important target for tumor targeting therapy. Neuroblastoma is the main cause for cancer-related death in children. Like most solid tumors, it is also accompanied with the overexpression of VEGF. Doxorubicin Hydrochloride (DOX), a typical chemotherapeutic agent, exhibits efficient anticancer activities for various cancers. However, DOX, without targeting ability, usually causes severe damage to normal tissues...
September 18, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898734/a-facile-bio-based-novel-approach-for-synthesis-of-covalently-functionalized-graphene-nanoplatelet-nano-coolants-toward-improved-thermo-physical-and-heat-transfer-properties
#7
Rad Sadri, Maryam Hosseini, S N Kazi, Samira Bagheri, Ali H Abdelrazek, Goodarz Ahmadi, Nashrul Zubir, Roslina Ahmad, N I Z Abidin
In this study, we synthesized covalently functionalized graphene nanoplatelet (GNP) aqueous suspensions that are highly stable and environmentally friendly for use as coolants in heat transfer systems. We evaluated the heat transfer and hydrodynamic properties of these nano-coolants flowing through a horizontal stainless steel tube subjected to a uniform heat flux at its outer surface. The GNPs functionalized with clove buds using the one-pot technique. We characterized the clove-treated GNPs (CGNPs) using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856894/a-low-energy-route-to-dna-wrapped-carbon-nanotubes-via-replacement-of-bile-salt-surfactants
#8
Jason K Streit, Jeffrey A Fagan, Ming Zheng
DNA-wrapped carbon nanotubes are a class of bionano hybrid molecules that have enabled carbon nanotube sorting, controlled assembly, and biosensing and bioimaging applications. The current method of synthesizing these hybrids via direct sonication of DNA/nanotube mixtures is time-consuming and not suitable for high-throughput synthesis and combinatorial sequence screening. Additionally, the direct sonication method does not make use of nanotubes presorted by extensively developed surfactant-based methods, is not effective for large diameter (>1 nm) tubes, and cannot maintain secondary and tertiary structural and functional domains present in certain DNA sequences...
September 11, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821114/preparation-and-characterization-of-a-composite-biomaterial-including-starch-micro-nano-particles-loaded-chitosan-gel
#9
Dorsa Dehghan Baniani, Reza Bagheri, Atefeh Solouk
Thermosensitive Chitosan hydrogels which can be injected into defects with minimally invasive approach were prepared. Also starch micro/nano particles were synthesized via water-in-oil (W/O) miniemulsion technique. The starch particles were incorporated into the chitosan hydrogel to prepare injectable thermosensitive hydrogel composites. Tube inverting method, compression tests, swelling studies, XRD, SEM, OM, DLS, UV-vis spectroscopy were used for investigations. Results revealed that increasing crosslinker and surfactant contents and stirring rate leads to particle size reduction...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814725/micromotor-enabled-active-drug-delivery-for-in-vivo-treatment-of-stomach-infection
#10
Berta Esteban-Fernández de Ávila, Pavimol Angsantikul, Jinxing Li, Miguel Angel Lopez-Ramirez, Doris E Ramírez-Herrera, Soracha Thamphiwatana, Chuanrui Chen, Jorge Delezuk, Richard Samakapiruk, Valentin Ramez, Liangfang Zhang, Joseph Wang
Advances in bioinspired design principles and nanomaterials have led to tremendous progress in autonomously moving synthetic nano/micromotors with diverse functionalities in different environments. However, a significant gap remains in moving nano/micromotors from test tubes to living organisms for treating diseases with high efficacy. Here we present the first, to our knowledge, in vivo therapeutic micromotors application for active drug delivery to treat gastric bacterial infection in a mouse model using clarithromycin as a model antibiotic and Helicobacter pylori infection as a model disease...
August 16, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754248/in-tube-solid-phase-microextraction-nano-liquid-chromatography-application-to-the-determination-of-intact-and-degraded-polar-triazines-in-waters-and-recovered-struvite
#11
P Serra-Mora, N Jornet-Martinez, Y Moliner-Martinez, P Campíns-Falcó
In-tube solid-phase microextraction (IT-SPME) coupled to miniaturized liquid chromatography (LC) techniques are attractive mainly due to the column efficiency improvement, sensitivity enhancement and reduction of solvent consumption. In addition, the nanomaterials based sorbents can play a key role in the improvement of the extraction efficiency taking into account their interesting physical and chemical properties. Thus, in this work the performance of IT-SPME coupled to nano LC (NanoLC) has been compared with the performance of IT-SPME coupled to capillary LC (CapLC) with similar configurations for the determination of polar triazines including their degradation products...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741069/microrna-100-shuttled-by-mesenchymal-stem-cell-derived-exosomes-suppresses-in-vitro-angiogenesis-through-modulating-the-mtor-hif-1%C3%AE-vegf-signaling-axis-in-breast-cancer-cells
#12
Katayoon Pakravan, Sadegh Babashah, Majid Sadeghizadeh, Seyed Javad Mowla, Majid Mossahebi-Mohammadi, Farangis Ataei, Nasim Dana, Mohammad Javan
BACKGROUND: Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been shown to be involved in the formation and modulation of tumor stroma and in interacting with tumor cells, partly through their secretome. Exosomes are nano-sized intraluminal multi-vesicular bodies secreted by most types of cells and have been found to mediate intercellular communication through the transfer of genetic information via coding and non-coding RNAs to recipient cells. Since exosomes are considered as protective and enriched sources of shuttle microRNAs (miRNAs), we hypothesized that exosomal transfer of miRNAs from MSCs may affect tumor cell behavior, particularly angiogenesis...
July 24, 2017: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718958/multiplex-pcr-scheme-for-variant-plasmid-mediated-class-c-%C3%AE-lactamase-typing
#13
Le Van Chuong, Virapong Prachayasittikul, Chartchalerm Isarankura Na Ayudhya, Ratana Lawung
BACKGROUND: An increasing of prevalence and diversification of plasmid-mediated AmpC (pAmpC) has been emerged worldwide. The incidence of pAmpC resulted in increasing β-lactamase production and conferred resistance to almost all β-lactam antibiotics excluding carbapenems. The lack of standard method for pAmpC identification and classification exert a challenge in epidemiological surveillance and infection control practices. METHODS: A robust, single tube multiplex PCR has been developed to classify six different pAmpC groups including CIT (CMY-2 like, LAT and CFE), ECB (ACT, MIR), MOX & CMY-1 like, DHA, ACC, and FOX...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678264/self-assembled-nanocapsules-in-water-a-molecular-mechanistic-study
#14
Hang Xiao, Xiaoyang Shi, Xi Chen
The self-assembly mechanism of one-end-open carbon nanotubes (CNTs) suspended in an aqueous solution was studied by molecular dynamics simulations. It was shown that two one-end-open CNTs with different diameters can coaxially self-assemble into a nanocapsule. The nanocapsules formed were stable in aqueous solution under ambient conditions, and the pressure inside the nanocapsule was much higher than the ambient pressure due to the van der Waals interactions between the two parts of the nanocapsule. The effects of the normalized radius difference, normalized inter-tube distance and aspect ratio of the CNT pairs were systematically explored...
August 9, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650030/carbon-nanoscroll-silk-crystallite-hybrid-structures-with-controllable-hydration-and-mechanical-properties
#15
Yuan Cheng, Leng-Duei Koh, Fan Wang, Dechang Li, Baohua Ji, Jingjie Yeo, Guijian Guan, Ming-Yong Han, Yong-Wei Zhang
Hybrid structures of nanomaterials (e.g. tubes, scrolls, threads, cages) and biomaterials (e.g. proteins) hold tremendous potential for applications as drug carriers, biosensors, tissue scaffolds, cancer therapeutic agents, etc. However, in many cases, the interacting forces at the nano-bio interfaces and their roles in controlling the structures and dynamics of nano-bio-hybrid systems are very complicated but poorly understood. In this study, we investigate the structure and mechanical behavior of a protein-based hybrid structure, i...
July 6, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574076/bushy-sphere-dendrites-with-husk-shaped-branches-axially-spreading-out-from-the-core-for-photo-catalytic-oxidation-remediation-of-toxins
#16
Mohamed A Shenashen, Satoshi Kawada, Mahmoud M Selim, Wafaa M Morsy, Hitoshi Yamaguchi, Abdulaziz A Alhamid, Naoki Ohashi, Izumi Ichinose, Sherif A El-Safty
This work describes densely interlinked bushy "tree-like chains" characterized by neatly branched sphere dendrites (bushy sphere dendrites, BSD) with long fan-like, husk-shaped branching paths that extend longitudinally from the core axis of the {110}-exposed plane. We confirmed that the hierarchical dendrite surfaces created bowls of swirled caves along the tree-tube in the mat-like branches. These surfaces had high-index catalytic site facets associated with the formation of ridges/defects on the dominant {110}-top-cover surface...
June 2, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574066/chirality-dependent-growth-of-single-wall-carbon-nanotubes-as-revealed-inside-nano-test-tubes
#17
Marianna V Kharlamova, Christian Kramberger, Takeshi Saito, Yuta Sato, Kazu Suenaga, Thomas Pichler, Hidetsugu Shiozawa
Growth dynamics of single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) have been studied with nickelocene as a precursor encapsulated in the interior of template SWCNTs. By means of multi-laser Raman spectroscopy, growth curves of nine different SWCNTs, (8,8), (12,3), (13,1), (9,6), (10,4), (11,2), (11,1), (9,3) and (9,2), have been determined upon in situ annealing at various temperatures. The data reveal that the nanotubes grow through fast and slow reaction pathways with high and low activation energies, respectively...
June 2, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558429/workplace-exposure-and-release-of-ultrafine-particles-during-atmospheric-plasma-spraying-in-the-ceramic-industry
#18
M Viana, A S Fonseca, X Querol, A López-Lilao, P Carpio, A Salmatonidis, E Monfort
Atmospheric plasma spraying (APS) is a frequently used technique to produce enhanced-property coatings for different materials in the ceramic industry. This work aimed to characterise and quantify the impact of APS on workplace exposure to airborne particles, with a focus on ultrafine particles (UFPs, <100nm) and nanoparticles (<50nm). Particle number, mass concentrations, alveolar lung deposited surface area concentration, and size distributions, in the range 10nm-20μm were simultaneously monitored at the emission source, in the potential worker breathing zone, and in outdoor air...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531985/enhancement-of-electro-chemical-properties-of-tio2-nanotubes-for-biological-interfacing
#19
D Khudhair, H Amani Hamedani, J Gaburro, S Shafei, S Nahavandi, H Garmestani, A Bhatti
Micro/nano electrodes employing nanotubes has attracted paramount attention in recent years due to their inherent superior mechanical and structural properties. Electrical interfaces with different geometries and sizes have been developed as electrodes for measuring action potentials and investigating neural information processing in neural networks. In this work, we investigated the possibility of using TiO2 nanotube arrays that were grown using electrochemical anodization technique, as a micro/nano electrode for neural interfacing...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531859/the-role-of-conductive-materials-in-the-start-up-period-of-thermophilic-anaerobic-system
#20
Wangwang Yan, Nan Shen, Yeyuan Xiao, Yun Chen, Faqian Sun, Vinay Kumar Tyagi, Yan Zhou
The major obstacle for thermophilic anaerobic digestion (TAD) is the inhibited microorganism activity and process instability during the start-up period. This study proposed a strategy to accelerate and stabilize the thermophilic reactors start-up via adding conductive materials. The results show that methane production rate in conductive materials supplemented (CMS) reactors was almost two times higher than the control reactors. Caloramator sp., a candidate of electroactive bacteria, was significantly enriched in the carbon nano-tube (CNT) supplemented groups (12...
September 2017: Bioresource Technology
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