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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267308/rollable-microfluidic-systems-with-micrometer-scale-bending-radius-and-tuning-of-device-function-with-reconfigurable-3d-channel-geometry
#1
Jihye Kim, Jae Bem You, Sung Min Nam, Sumin Seo, Sung Gap Im, Wonhee Lee
Flexible microfluidic system is an essential component of wearable biosensors to handle body fluids. Parylene-based, thin-film microfluidic system is developed to achieve flexible microfluidics with microscale bending radius. A new molding and bonding technique is developed for parylene microchannel fabrication. Bonding with nano-adhesive layers deposited by initiated chemical vapor deposition (iCVD) enables the construction of microfluidic channels with short fabrication time and high bonding strength. High mechanical strength of parylene allows less channel deformation from internal pressure for thin-film parylene channel than bulk PDMS channel...
March 7, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256745/an-overview-to-nano-scale-analytical-techniques-nano-liquid-chromatography-and-capillary-electrochromatography
#2
REVIEW
Salvatore Fanali
Nano-Liquid chromatography (nano-LC) and CEC are microfluidic technique mainly used for analytical purposes. They have been applied to the separation and analysis of a large number of compounds, e.g., peptides, proteins, drugs, enantiomers, antibiotics, pesticides, nutraceutical etc. Analytes separation is carried out into capillaries containing selected stationary phase. The mobile phase is moved either by a pump (nano-LC) or by an EOF, respectively. The two tools can offer some advantages over conventional techniques, e...
March 3, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239719/electronic-properties-of-carbon-nanotubes-complexed-with-a-dna-nucleotide
#3
Morteza Chehelamirani, Maurício C da Silva, Dennis R Salahub
Electronic properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) play an important role in their interactions with nano-structured materials. In this work, interactions of adenosine monophosphate (AMP), a DNA nucleotide, with metallic and semi-conducting CNTs are studied using the density functional tight binding (DFTB) method. The electronic structure of semi-conducting CNTs was found to be changed as they turned to metallic CNTs in a vacuum upon interaction with the nucleotide while metallic CNTs remain metallic. Specifically, the band gap of semi-conducting CNTs was decreased by 0...
February 27, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225113/solvent-controlled-reversible-switching-between-adsorbed-self-assembled-nanoribbons-and-nanotubes
#4
Asad Jamal, Irina Nyrkova, Philippe Mesini, Swann Militzer, Günter Reiter
We have demonstrated that solutions of 3,5-bis-(5-hexylcarbamoylpentyloxy)-benzoic acid decyl ester (BHPB-10) can form metastable nanostructures on solid substrates and in the bulk. BHPB-10 is an achiral molecule involving several distinct, strongly interacting groups (SIGs), one aromatic-ester ring and two amide groups per molecule. Specific solvents affect the interactions between particular SIGs, thus promoting various nano-structures: lamellae, nanoribbons, helical ribbons, or nanotubes. In cyclohexane, a solvent allowing for both inter-amide hydrogen bonds and mutual attraction of rings, the formation of nanotubes with a diameter of 28 ± 5 nm was observed in the bulk and on surfaces...
February 22, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213256/carbon-polydimethylsiloxane-based-integratable-optical-technology-for-spectroscopic-analysis
#5
Hiroaki Nomada, Kinichi Morita, Hirokazu Higuchi, Hiroaki Yoshioka, Yuji Oki
A polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-based optical system has been demonstrated. To suppress intense background radiation due to multiple internal scatting in a transparent material, a composite structure of a carbon-PDMS compound and PDMS was proposed. The index matching of the real part of the refractive index can suppress internal scattering, and an absorption of 99-99.7% was attained by using carbon micro particles and carbon nano tubes. The black-PDMS light channel functions as a light filter for straight pass, and an optical density of 5 was obtained by bending the filter...
May 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179927/subcutaneous-connective-tissue-reaction-to-a-new-nano-zinc-oxide-eugenol-sealer-in-rat-model
#6
Salma Omidi, Maryam Javidi, Mina Zarei, Siavash Mushakhian, Amirhossein Jafarian
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this animal study was to evaluate the histological response of the new nano zinc-oxide eugenol (NZOE) sealer in comparison with Pulp Canal Sealer (ZOE based) and AH-26 (epoxy resin sealer). METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 27 Wistar rats were used. Four polyethylene tubes were implanted in the back of each rat (three tubes containing the test materials and an empty tube as a control). Then, 9 animals were sacrificed at each interval of 15, 30 and 60 days, and the implants were removed with the surrounding tissues...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987734/bioactivity-and-electrochemical-behavior-of-hydroxyapatite-silicon-multi-walled-carbon-nano-tubes-composite-coatings-synthesized-by-epd-on-niti-alloys-in-simulated-body-fluid
#7
V Khalili, J Khalil-Allafi, J Frenzel, G Eggeler
In order to improve the surface bioactivity of NiTi bone implant and corrosion resistance, hydroxyapatite coating with addition of 20wt% silicon, 1wt% multi walled carbon nano-tubes and both of them were deposited on a NiTi substrate using a cathodic electrophoretic method. The apatite formation ability was estimated using immersion test in the simulated body fluid for 10days. The SEM images of the surface of coatings after immersion in simulated body fluid show that the presence of silicon in the hydroxyapatite coatings accelerates in vitro growth of apatite layer on the coatings...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987696/low-friction-and-high-strength-of-316l-stainless-steel-tubing-for-biomedical-applications
#8
Auezhan Amanov, Soo-Wohn Lee, Young-Sik Pyun
We propose herein a nondestructive surface modification technique called ultrasonic nanocrystalline surface modification (UNSM) to increase the strength and to improve the tribological performance of 316L stainless steel (SS) tubing. Nanocrystallization along nearly the complete tube thickness of 200μm was achieved by UNSM technique that was confirmed by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). Nano-hardness of the untreated and UNSM-treated specimens was measured using a nanoindentation. Results revealed that a substantial increase in hardness was obtained for the UNSM-treated specimen that may be attributed to the nanocrystallization and refined grains...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943611/femtosecond-laser-micro-machined-polyimide-films-for-cell-scaffold-applications
#9
Ieva Antanavičiūtė, Linas Šimatonis, Orestas Ulčinas, Aušra Gadeikytė, Brigita Abakevičienė, Sigitas Tamulevičius, Valeryia Mikalayeva, Vytenis Arvydas Skeberdis, Edgaras Stankevičius, Tomas Tamulevičius
Engineering of sophisticated synthetic 3D scaffolds that allow controlling behavior and location of the cells requires advanced micro/nano fabrication techniques. Ultrafast laser micro-machining employing a 1030 nm wavelength Yb:KGW femtosecond laser and a micro-fabrication workstation for micro-machining of commercially available 12.7 and 25.4 µm thickness polyimide (PI) film was applied. Mechanical properties of the fabricated scaffolds, i.e., arrays of differently spaced holes, were examined via custom-built uniaxial micro-tensile testing and finite element method simulations...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773236/ultrasound-irradiation-effect-on-morphology-and-size-of-two-new-potassium-coordination-supramolecule-compounds
#10
Payam Hayati, Ali Reza Rezvani, Ali Morsali, Pascal Retailleau
Two new potassium coordination supramolecular compounds (2D and 1D), [K(H3L)(H2L)(H2O)]n·H2O (1) and [K(H2L')(HL')(H2O)2]·H2O (2), (L=1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid, L'=2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid), have been synthesized under different experimental conditions. Micrometric crystals (bulk) or nano-sized materials have been obtained depending on using the branch tube method or sonochemical irradiation. All materials have been characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), FT-IR spectroscopy and elemental analyses...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756523/sonochemical-synthesis-of-nano-lead-ii-metal-organic-coordination-polymer-new-precursor-for-the-preparation-of-nano-materials
#11
Babak Mirtamizdoust
Nano-sheets of a novel Pb(II)-based 3D metal-organic coordination polymer [Pb2(nih)2(NO3)4(CH3OH)]n (1) were synthesized by a branched-tube method and sonochemical reaction. The synthesis was done using various times, concentrations of initial reagents, and irradiation power. The compound was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential thermal analysis (DTA), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and single-crystal X-ray analysis...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713526/no-gas-sensing-kinetics-at-room-temperature-under-uv-light-irradiation-of-in2o3-nanostructures
#12
Nguyen Duc Chinh, Nguyen Duc Quang, Hyundong Lee, Truong Thi Hien, Nguyen Minh Hieu, Dahye Kim, Chunjoong Kim, Dojin Kim
In2O3 nanostructure sensors were fabricated by arc-discharging a source composed of a graphite tube containing indium. The NO gas sensing properties, as well as the morphology, structure, and electrical properties, were examined at room temperature under UV light illumination. In particular, the response and recovery kinetics of the sensor at room temperature under various UV light intensities were studied. The maximum response signal was observed at an intermediate UV light intensity, which could be corroborated by a nano-size effect based on the conduction model of a resistive chemical nano sensor...
October 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704855/electrostatically-driven-nanoballoon-actuator
#13
Hamid Reza Barzegar, Aiming Yan, Sinisa Coh, Eduardo Gracia-Espino, Gabriel Dunn, Thomas Wågberg, Steven G Louie, Marvin L Cohen, Alex Zettl
We demonstrate an inflatable nanoballoon actuator based on geometrical transitions between the inflated (cylindrical) and collapsed (flattened) forms of a carbon nanotube. In situ transmission electron microscopy experiments employing a nanoelectromechanical manipulator show that a collapsed carbon nanotube can be reinflated by electrically charging the nanotube, thus realizing an electrostatically driven nanoballoon actuator. We find that the tube actuator can be reliably cycled with only modest control voltages (few volts) with no apparent wear or fatigue...
November 9, 2016: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648681/new-doxorubicin-nanoparticles-engineered-from-calcium-crosslinked-carbomer-and-a-microemulsion-precursor
#14
Amnon C Sintov, Giora Enden
The purpose of this study was to investigate a new polymeric system and production process in which self-assembled doxorubicin-loaded nanoparticles were synthetized by using a water-in-oil microemulsion as a template and calcium ions as cross-linkers. The manufacturing process combined cross-linking of carbomer within a W/O microemulsion followed by a phase-separation technique to avoid using organic solvents for extraction. To assess the sustained release behavior of doxorubicin from the nanoparticles, we have developed a new simple method based on the permeability coefficient of a synthetic membrane mounted on Franz diffusion cell system...
October 6, 2016: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572419/investigation-of-the-effects-of-using-single-wall-carbon-nanotubes-swcnts-in-ozone-measurement-with-passive-samplers
#15
A Akdemir
UNLABELLED: Passive samplers are used in air quality monitoring for many years to compete in terms of being economical with continuous measurement systems. In this study, different amounts of single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) were added in the impregnation solution of the filters of passive samplers and the effect on the absorption of ozone studied. The results of the measurement of ozone with varying amounts of SWCNTs added to the impregnation solution of the filters of the passive samplers were compared with the results of the continuous ozone measurement system (CS)...
October 2016: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536326/shear-bond-strength-of-a-resin-cement-to-different-alloys-subjected-to-various-surface-treatments
#16
Fariba Ezoji, Kasra Tabari, Zahra Jaberi Ansari, Hassan Torabzadeh, Mohammad Javad Kharrazi Fard
OBJECTIVES: Micromechanical retention of resin cements to alloys is an important factor affecting the longevity of metal base restorations. This study aimed to compare the bond strength and etching pattern of a newly introduced experimental etchant gel namely Nano Met Etch with those of conventional surface treatment techniques for nickel-chrome (Ni-Cr) and high noble alloys. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 120 discs (8×10×15 mm) were cast with Ni-Cr (n=20), high noble BegoStar (n=50) and gold coin alloys (n=50)...
January 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524076/hydrothermally-processed-1d-hydroxyapatite-mechanism-of-formation-and-biocompatibility-studies
#17
Zoran S Stojanović, Nenad Ignjatović, Victoria Wu, Vojka Žunič, Ljiljana Veselinović, Srečo Škapin, Miroslav Miljković, Vuk Uskoković, Dragan Uskoković
Recent developments in bone tissue engineering have led to an increased interest in one-dimensional (1D) hydroxyapatite (HA) nano- and micro-structures such as wires, ribbons and tubes. They have been proposed for use as cell substrates, reinforcing phases in composites and carriers for biologically active substances. Here we demonstrate the synthesis of 1D HA structures using an optimized, urea-assisted, high-yield hydrothermal batch process. The one-pot process, yielding HA structures composed of bundles of ribbons and wires, was typified by the simultaneous occurrence of a multitude of intermediate reactions, failing to meet the uniformity criteria over particle morphology and size...
November 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506472/analysis-method-for-quantifying-the-morphology-of-nanotube-networks
#18
Dusan Vobornik, Shan Zou, Gregory P Lopinski
While atomic force microscopy (AFM) is a powerful technique for imaging assemblies and networks of nanoscale materials, approaches for quantitative assessment of the morphology of these materials are lacking. Here we present a volume-based approach for analyzing AFM images of assemblies of nano-objects that enables the extraction of relevant parameters describing their morphology. Random networks of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) deposited via solution-phase processing are used as an example to develop the method and demonstrate its utility...
August 30, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468781/giant-surface-conductivity-enhancement-in-a-carbon-nanotube-composite-by-ultraviolet-light-exposure
#19
Christian J Long, Nathan D Orloff, Kevin A Twedt, Thomas Lam, Fernando Vargas-Lara, Minhua Zhao, Bharath Natarajan, Keana C Scott, Eric Marksz, Tinh Nguyen, Jack F Douglas, Jabez McClelland, Edward Garboczi, Jan Obrzut, J Alexander Liddle
Carbon nanotube composites are lightweight, multifunctional materials with readily adjustable mechanical and electrical properties-relevant to the aerospace, automotive, and sporting goods industries as high-performance structural materials. Here, we combine well-established and newly developed characterization techniques to demonstrate that ultraviolet (UV) light exposure provides a controllable means to enhance the electrical conductivity of the surface of a commercial carbon nanotube-epoxy composite by over 5 orders of magnitude...
September 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455765/quasicrystal-as-a-catalyst-for-the-synthesis-of-carbon-nanotubes
#20
K Kajiwara, Y Matsui, T P Yadav, N K Mukhopadhyay, O N Srivastava
The present report describes the catalytic activity of mechanically activated nano quasicrystalline Al65Cu20Fe15 and related nano crystalline Al50Cu28Fe22 for the synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). CNTs are synthesized by catalytic decomposition of ethanol through nano quasicrystalline Al65Cu20Fe15 and related crystalline Al50Cu28Fe22 alloys as a catalyst. The synthesized multi-walled CNTs exhibits tube diameter ranging from 5 to 25 nm. The synthesized CNTs are characterized by scanning and transmission electron microscopy...
March 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
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