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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819621/an-unusual-cause-of-postaural-swelling-kimura-s-disease
#1
Purodha Prasad, Swati Tandon, Vasun Batra, Ishwar Singh
INTRODUCTION: Kimura's disease (KD) is an allergic inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology endemic in Orientals. Kimura's disease was first mentioned by Kimm and Szeto in China in 1937. Kimura's disease is commonly encountered in Asia and is mostly reported in Japan, China, Singapore and Honkong. However, only a few cases have been reported in the Indian subcontinent. CASE REPORT: A case of Kimura's disease in a young male managed by surgery is reported in addition to a literature review...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818056/adaptation-of-chinese-and-english-versions-of-the-ankylosing-spondylitis-quality-of-life-asqol-scale-for-use-in-singapore
#2
Ying Ying Leung, Weixian Lee, Nai Lee Lui, Matthew Rouse, Stephen P McKenna, Julian Thumboo
BACKGROUND: To cross-culturally adapt and validate the Singapore Chinese and Singapore English versions of the Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life (ASQoL) scales. METHODS: Translation of the ASQoL into Singapore Chinese and English was performed by professional and lay translation panels. Field-testing for face and content validity was performed by interviewing ten Chinese speaking and ten English speaking axial spondyloarthritis (AxSpA) patients. AxSpA patients (either Chinese or English speaking) were invited to take part in validation surveys...
August 17, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813555/analysis-of-item-level-bias-in-the-bayley-iii-language-subscales-the-validity-and-utility-of-standardized-language-assessment-in-a-multilingual-setting
#3
Shaun K Y Goh, Elaine K H Tham, Iliana Magiati, Litwee Sim, Shamini Sanmugam, Anqi Qiu, Mary L Daniel, Birit F P Broekman, Anne Rifkin-Graboi
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to improve standardized language assessments among bilingual toddlers by investigating and removing the effects of bias due to unfamiliarity with cultural norms or a distributed language system. Method: The Expressive and Receptive Bayley-III language scales were adapted for use in a multilingual country (Singapore). Differential item functioning (DIF) was applied to data from 459 two-year-olds without atypical language development...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812839/just-say-no-to-the-tpp-a-democratic-setback-for-american-and-asian-public-health-comment-on-the-trans-pacific-partnership-is-it-everything-we-feared-for-health
#4
Carles Muntaner, Deb Finn Mahabir
(TPP) policy and the severe threats to public health that it implies for 12 Pacific Rim populations from the Americas and Asia (Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, United States, and Vietnam). With careful and analytic precision the authors convincingly unearth many aspects of this piece of legislation that undermine the public health achievements of most countries involved in the TTP. Our comments complement their policy analysis with the aim of providing a positive heuristic tool to assist in the understanding of the TPP, and other upcoming treaties like the even more encompassing Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), and in so doing motivate the public health community to oppose the implementation of the relevant provisions of the agreements...
November 6, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810345/-commentary-on-self-compiled-teaching-materialsby-singapore-chinese-physician-training-college
#5
S H Chen, H X Cai
The Singapore Chinese Physician Training College has been playing a role in the development of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and the training of TCM talents in modern and contemporary Singapore not to be ignored. Due to the limitations of the objective condition, the College had to creatively compile by themselves 115 volumes of teaching materials with rather complete subjects, which did pay attention to applying theory to practice, ran through the thought of Chinese integrating with western medicine, and is of literature and cultural significance...
May 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809771/efficacy-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-sexually-transmitted-infection-trial-on-condom-use-among-heterosexual-men-patronizing-entertainment-establishments-who-engaged-in-casual-or-paid-sex-in-singapore
#6
Raymond Boon Tar Lim, Dede Kam Tyng Tham, Bee Choo Tai, P Ganesan Adaikan, Mee Lian Wong
BACKGROUND: We assessed the efficacy of a multi-component sexual health promotion program on condom use and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing among heterosexual men (HSM) patronizing entertainment establishments who engaged in casual or paid sex in Singapore. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental trial with a comparison group using cross-sectional surveys at baseline and 6 months postintervention. A locality patronized by local HSM was assigned the intervention, a comparable and distant area served as the comparison site...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807627/measles-immunity-gaps-and-the-progress-towards-elimination-a-multi-country-modelling-analysis
#7
Filippo Trentini, Piero Poletti, Stefano Merler, Alessia Melegaro
BACKGROUND: The persistent circulation of measles in both low-income and high-income countries requires a better characterisation of present epidemiological trends and existing immunity gaps across different sociodemographic settings. Serological surveys, which provide direct measures of population protection against the infection, are underexploited and often supply fragmentary estimates of population immunity. This study aims to investigate how measles immunity has changed over time across different socioeconomic settings, as a result of demographic changes and past immunisation policies...
August 11, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807332/synthetic-biology-regulation-and-governance-lessons-from-tapic-for-the-united-states-european-union-and-singapore
#8
Benjamin D Trump
Synthetic biology is an emerging technology with potential benefits to various fields, yet also contains potential risks to human and environmental health. The field remains in an emerging state with limited quantitative guidance and a small but growing population of international researchers that conduct work within this field. Given the uncertain nature of this technology, an adaptive and anticipatory governance framework may be necessary to balance the potential benefits that may accrue from the technology's continued research alongside a desire to reduce or eliminate potential risks that may arise...
August 2, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806942/impact-of-inpatient-care-in-emergency-department-on-outcomes-a-quasi-experimental-cohort-study
#9
Aisha Lateef, Soo Hoon Lee, Dale Andrew Fisher, Wei-Ping Goh, Hui Fen Han, Uma Chandra Segara, Tiong Beng Sim, Malcolm Mahadehvan, Khean Teik Goh, Noel Cheah, Aymeric Yt Lim, Phillip H Phan, Reshma A Merchant
BACKGROUND: Hospitals around the world are faced with the issue of boarders in emergency department (ED), patients marked for admission but with no available inpatient bed. Boarder status is known to be associated with delayed inpatient care and suboptimal outcomes. A new care delivery system was developed in our institution where boarders received full inpatient care from a designated medical team, acute medical team (AMT), while still residing at ED. The current study examines the impact of this AMT intervention on patient outcomes...
August 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806690/occurrence-and-distribution-of-halogenated-flame-retardants-in-an-urban-watershed-comparison-to-polychlorinated-biphenyls-and-organochlorine-pesticides
#10
Qian Wang, Barry C Kelly
Due to restrictions on polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), market demand for alternative flame retardants is projected to increase, worldwide. Information regarding the environmental behavior of these compounds is limited. The present study involved field measurements of several alternative halogenated flame retardants (HFRs), along with PBDEs and legacy persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in surface water, bottom sediments and suspended particulate matter (SPM) within a highly urbanized watershed in Singapore...
August 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805235/how-do-singapore-patients-view-post-anaesthesia-adverse-outcomes-a-single-centre-willingness-to-pay-study
#11
Xinqi Look, May Un Sam Mok, Yan Sheng Tay, Hairil Rizal Abdullah
INTRODUCTION: Knowing how patients value quality of anaesthesia helps anaesthesiologists to customise their service. However, generalising findings from Western population-based willingness-to-pay (WTP) studies across different cultures and societies might overlook several important contextualised understandings of anaesthesia experience for Singapore patients. This study aimed to capture the Singapore perspective of undesired post-anaesthesia outcomes. METHODS: 132 patients recruited in the pre-anaesthetic evaluation clinic were given questionnaires describing ten possible post-anaesthetic outcomes to rank for undesirability and assign relative value through proportioning hypothetical SGD 100 to avoid their occurrence...
August 14, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805234/prognostic-factors-for-mortality-due-to-pneumonia-among-adults-from-different-age-groups-in-singapore-and-mortality-predictions-based-on-psi-and-curb-65
#12
Zoe Xz Zhang, Yang Yong, Wan C Tan, Liang Shen, Han Seong Ng, Kok Yong Fong
INTRODUCTION: Pneumonia is associated with considerable mortality. However, the information on age-specific prognostic factors for death from pneumonia is limited. METHODS: Patients hospitalised with a diagnosis of pneumonia through the emergency department were stratified into three age groups: 18-64 years; 65-84 years; and ≥ 85 years. Multivariate logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were conducted to evaluate prognostic factors for mortality and the performance of pneumonia severity scoring tools for mortality prediction...
August 14, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804661/imported-asymptomatic-bancroftian-filariasis-discovered-from-a-plasmodium-vivax-infected-patient-a-case-report-from-singapore
#13
Jean-Marc Chavatte, Roland Jureen
Human lymphatic filariasis is a vector-borne disease mainly caused by the parasitic nematode Wuchereria bancrofti and transmitted worldwide within the tropical and subtropical regions. Singapore was once endemic for bancroftian filariasis but recent reports are scarce and the disease is nearly forgotten. The case report presented here reports the incidental hospital laboratory finding of an asymptomatic microfilaremia in a relapsing Plasmodium vivax imported case during a malaria treatment follow-up appointment...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804010/frailty-and-malnutrition-related-and-distinct-syndrome-prevalence-and-association-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-studies
#14
Kai Wei, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Qi Gao, Shiou Liang Wee, Tze-Pin Ng
OBJECTIVE: The association between frailty and malnutrition is widely noted, but the common and distinct aspects of this relationship are not well understood. We investigated the prevalence of prefrailty/frailty and malnutrition/nutritional risk; their overlapping prevalence; compared their sociodemographic, physical, and mental health risk factors; and assessed their association, independently of other risk factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of population-based cohort (Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Study [SLAS]-1 [enrolled 2003-2005] and SLAS-2 [enrolled 2010-2013]) of community-dwelling older Singaporeans aged ≥55 (n = 6045)...
August 10, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802638/spiritual-perspectives-of-emergency-medicine-doctors-and-nurses-in-caring-for-end-of-life-patients-a-mixed-method-study
#15
Yingting Zhang, Rakhee Yash Pal, Wai San Wilson Tam, Alice Lee, Mabel Ong, Lay Hwa Tiew
BACKGROUND: End-of-life care is becoming more prevalent in the Emergency Department. Quality end-of-life care includes spiritual support. As spirituality is a relatively vague concept, understanding healthcare professionals' spiritual perspectives is important. AIMS: To explore the perspectives of Emergency Department doctors and nurses in (i) spirituality, (ii) spiritual care domain in end-of-life care and (iii) factors influencing spiritual care provision in the Emergency Department...
August 9, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800861/ipatasertib-plus-paclitaxel-versus-placebo-plus-paclitaxel-as-first-line-therapy-for-metastatic-triple-negative-breast-cancer-lotus-a-multicentre-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-2-trial
#16
Sung-Bae Kim, Rebecca Dent, Seock-Ah Im, Marc Espié, Sibel Blau, Antoinette R Tan, Steven J Isakoff, Mafalda Oliveira, Cristina Saura, Matthew J Wongchenko, Amy V Kapp, Wai Y Chan, Stina M Singel, Daniel J Maslyar, José Baselga
BACKGROUND: The oral AKT inhibitor ipatasertib is being investigated in cancers with a high prevalence of PI3K/AKT pathway activation, including triple-negative breast cancer. The LOTUS trial investigated the addition of ipatasertib to paclitaxel as first-line therapy for triple-negative breast cancer. METHODS: In this randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind, phase 2 trial, women aged 18 years or older with measurable, inoperable, locally advanced or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer previously untreated with systemic therapy were recruited from 44 hospitals in South Korea, the USA, France, Spain, Taiwan, Singapore, Italy, and Belgium...
August 8, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799961/nurses-perceptions-of-psychosocial-care-and-barriers-to-its-provision-a-qualitative-study
#17
Cassandra Siyun Chen, Sally Wai-Chi Chan, Moon Fai Chan, Suk Foon Yap, Wenru Wang, Yanika Kowitlawakul
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial care is the culturally sensitive provision of psychological, social, and spiritual care through therapeutic communication. Current evidence suggests that effective psychosocial care improves patients' health outcomes and quality of life. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore nurses' perceptions and experiences in providing psychosocial care to patients and to identify the related barriers and challenges. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative design using semistructured, individual, face-to-face interviews was adopted...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793375/independent-predictors-of-medication-adherence-among-singaporean-patients-following-an-ischemic-stroke-or-transient-ischemic-attack
#18
Wenru Wang, Gerk Sin Chia, Il Fan Tan, Siew Noi Janis Tye, Xiaona Wang, Birong Zhu, Ying Jiang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the independent predictors of medication adherence among Singaporean patients following an ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack. BACKGROUND: Secondary prevention of stroke includes optimal control over modifiable risk factors, and medication adherence is important in controlling the effect of co-morbidities. However, there is a paucity of published literature on the topics of medication adherence among stroke patients, especially in the Asian population...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783533/predictive-factors-of-developing-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-stroke-in-a-cohort-with-impaired-fasting-glucose-in-singapore
#19
Dennis Bingzhu Chia, Lai Yin Wong, Daveon Yu Kai Liu, Matthias Paul Han Sim Toh
AIMS: This study describes the incidence and predictive factors for development of Type II Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) and stroke, among subjects with IFG over a five-year period. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of subjects with newly diagnosed IFG from the Singapore National Healthcare Group hospitals and primary care clinics from 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2010. Clinical data were collected over a five-year period from the date of diagnosis...
July 20, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782875/comparison-of-trauma-care-systems-in-asian-countries-a-systematic-literature-review
#20
Se Jin Choi, Moon Young Oh, Na Rae Kim, Yoo Joong Jung, Young Sun Ro, Sang Do Shin
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to compare the trauma care systems in Asian countries. METHODS: Asian countries were categorised into three groups; 'lower middle-income country', 'upper middle-income country' and 'high-income country'. The Medline/PubMed database was searched for articles published from January 2005 to December 2014 using relevant key words. Articles were excluded if they examined a specific injury mechanism, referred to a specific age group, and/or did not have full text available...
August 7, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
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