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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913203/incidence-of-recurrent-intracerebral-hemorrhages-in-a-multiethnic-south-asian-population
#1
Liming Qiu, Trisha Upadhyaya, Angela An Qi See, Yew Poh Ng, Nicolas Kon Kam King
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous primary intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) accounts for approximately 25% of all strokes in Singapore. Incidence of recurrent ICH is not well studied, and previous studies have reported inconsistent findings in the rate and risk factors associated with ICH recurrences. We aimed to study the incidence of recurrent ICHs in Singapore and to identify the associated risk factors as well as pattern of ICH recurrence. METHODS: A retrospective review of all consecutive admissions for intracerebral hemorrhage at the National Neuroscience Institute between January 2006 and November 2013 was performed...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910569/l-shell-spectroscopic-diagnostics-of-radiation-from-krypton-hed-plasma-sources
#2
E E Petkov, A S Safronova, V L Kantsyrev, V V Shlyaptseva, R S Rawat, K S Tan, P Beiersdorfer, N Hell, G V Brown
X-ray spectroscopy is a useful tool for diagnosing plasma sources due to its non-invasive nature. One such source is the dense plasma focus (DPF). Recent interest has developed to demonstrate its potential application as a soft x-ray source. We present the first spectroscopic studies of krypton high energy density plasmas produced on a 3 kJ DPF device in Singapore. In order to diagnose spectral features, and to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of plasma parameters, a new non-local thermodynamic equilibrium L-shell kinetic model for krypton was developed...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910270/the-australasian-contribution-to-the-development-of-neurosurgery-in-singapore
#3
Aaron Song Chuan Foo, James Chee Min Khoo, Peck Leong Ong, Kee Hang Ho, Wan Tew Seow, Wai Hoe Ng, Tseng Tsai Yeo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904748/patterns-of-medication-use-and-factors-associated-with-antibiotic-use-among-adult-fever-patients-at-singapore-primary-care-clinics
#4
Zaw Myo Tun, Mahesh Moorthy, Martin Linster, Yvonne C F Su, Richard James Coker, Eng Eong Ooi, Jenny Guek-Hong Low, Gavin J D Smith, Clarence C Tam
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is a public health problem of global importance. In Singapore, much focus has been given to antibiotic usage patterns in hospital settings. Data on antibiotic use in primary care is lacking. We describe antibiotic usage patterns and assess factors contributing to antibiotic usage among adults presenting with acute febrile illness (AFI) in primary care settings in Singapore. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Early Dengue infection and outcome study...
2016: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903322/non-use-of-day-care-services-for-dementia-in-singapore-a-dilemma-for-caregivers
#5
Shan Huang, Konstadina Griva, Christina A Bryant, Philip Yap
BACKGROUND: Day care services for patients with dementia (PWD) are generally under-utilized worldwide despite evidence of positive outcomes, such as improved behavioral, psychological, and cognitive functioning for patients, and reduced caregiver burden. This study sought to gain an in-depth understanding of the reasons for non-utilization of day care services in Singapore using qualitative methodology. METHODS: A purposive sample of 16 caregivers of PWD who had never attended day care services participated in semi-structured interviews...
December 1, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903077/approaches-to-learning-among-occupational-therapy-undergraduate-students-a-cross-cultural-study
#6
Ted Brown, Kenneth N K Fong, Tore Bonsaksen, Tan Hwei Lan, Yuki Murdolo, Pablo Cruz Gonzalez, Lim Hua Beng
BACKGROUND: Students may adopt various approaches to academic learning. Occupational therapy students' approaches to study and the impact of cultural context have not been formally investigated to date. AIM: To examine the approaches to study adopted by undergraduate occupational therapy students from four different cultural settings. METHOD: 712 undergraduate occupational therapy students (n = 376 from Australia, n = 109 from Hong Kong, n = 160 from Norway and n = 67 from Singapore) completed the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST)...
November 30, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902889/the-complexities-of-doctor-patient-family-communication-in-an-asian-oncology-setting-concordance-and-discordance-among-patient-preferences-family-preferences-and-perceived-and-actual-communication
#7
Geok Ling Lee, Irene Teo, Ravindran Kanesvaran
This article reports on a pilot study that examined the complexities of doctor-patient-family communication in an oncology setting in Singapore. Twenty consultation visits were audio-recorded and a postconsultation questionnaire was administered to patients and their accompanying person (AP) to examine their communication preferences. Patients and APs rated physician expertise and message content as highly important; supportive elements of the communication were rated as less important. Patients preferred information concerning their condition, while APs preferred information regarding treatment options...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901568/singapore-rare-donor-program
#8
Ramir Alcantara, Jason Chay, Ai L Ang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Immunohematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901352/the-social-amplification-of-haze-related-risks-on-the-internet
#9
Mark Chong, Murphy Choy
This study explores the implications of the digital network society for public health communication and management through an empirical study on communication related to the transboundary haze crisis in Singapore. Using the Social Amplification of Risk Framework (SARF), the authors applied sentiment and thematic analysis on haze-related posts on an online discussion forum (HardwareZone) and a social networking site (Facebook), and to haze-related articles in The Straits Times (a newspaper). The study shows that the medium matters in social amplification of risk: Facebook had an effect on the amplification of emotions, while HardwareZone and The Straits Times did not...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895525/a-survey-of-the-spider-family-nesticidae-arachnida-araneae-in-asia-and-madagascar-with-the-description-of-forty-three-new-species
#10
Yucheng Lin, Francesco Ballarin, Shuqiang Li
Forty-three new species of Nesticidae are described from China, Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam and Madagascar, and two new junior synonyms are suggested. A new genus, Speleoticusgen. n., is described with Nesticus navicellatus Liu & Li, 2013 as the type species, and four species are transferfed from Nesticus, i.e., Speleoticus globosus (Liu & Li, 2013), comb. n., Speleoticus libo (Chen & Zhu, 2005), comb. n., Speleoticus navicellatus (Liu & Li, 2015), comb. n. and Speleoticus uenoi (Yaginuma, 1972), comb...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893796/attitudes-to-mental-illness-and-its-demographic-correlates-among-general-population-in-singapore
#11
Qi Yuan, Edimansyah Abdin, Louisa Picco, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Shazana Shahwan, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Saleha Shafie, Jenny Tay, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Public attitudes to mental illness could influence how the public interact with, provide opportunities for, and help people with mental illness. AIMS: This study aims to explore the underlying factors of the Attitudes to Mental Illness questionnaire among the general population in Singapore and the socio-demographic correlates of each factor. METHODS: From March 2014 to April 2015, a nation-wide cross-sectional survey on mental health literacy with 3,006 participants was conducted in Singapore...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893662/the-transcriptomic-g1-g6-signature-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-an-asian-population-association-of-g3-with-microvascular-invasion
#12
John Carson Allen, Jean-Charles Nault, Guili Zhu, Andrew Yu Keat Khor, Jin Liu, Tony Kiat Hon Lim, Jessica Zucman-Rossi, Pierce K H Chow
In this study, a transcriptomic group classification based on a European population is tested on a Singapore cohort. The results highlight the genotype/phenotype correlation in a Southeast Asian population. The G1-G6 transcriptomic classification derived from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) resected from European patients, robustly reflected group-specific clinical/pathological features. We investigated the application of this molecular classification in Southeast Asian HCC patients.Gene expression analysis was carried out on HCC surgically resected in Singapore patients who were grouped into G1-G6 transcriptomic categories according to expression of 16 predictor genes (illustrated in Supplementary Table 1, http://links...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893418/high-risk-hpv-genotypes-and-p16ink4a-expression-in-a-cohort-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients-in-singapore
#13
Louise Soo Yee Tan, Petersson Fredrik, Liang Ker, Feng Gang Yu, De Yun Wang, Boon Cher Goh, Kwok Seng Loh, Chwee Ming Lim
Human papillomavirus (HPV), especially HPV16 genotype, is associated with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). We aim to determine the prevalence and characterize the high-risk (HR)-HPV genotypes in head and neck SCC (HNSCC) in a South-East Asian multi-ethnic society in Singapore and examine its prognostic significance.159 HNSCC archival tissue samples were retrieved and tumour DNA was screened for 18 HR-HPV genotypes using a PCR-based assay (Qiagen, digene HPV genotyping RH test). P16 protein overexpression was identified using immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
November 22, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889694/extensive-peritoneal-lavage-after-curative-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-expel-study-protocol-of-an-international-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Guowei Kim, Elya Chen, Amy Yl Tay, Jin San Lee, Janelle Ns Phua, Asim Shabbir, Jimmy By So, Bee Choo Tai
Peritoneal recurrence after gastrectomy for gastric cancer is common and the prognosis is dismal. Recent evidence suggests that extensive peritoneal lavage with large volume of normal saline after surgery before abdominal closure can reduce the risk of peritoneal recurrence and improve overall survival. This study aims to evaluate the benefit of extensive intraoperative peritoneal lavage. This is a prospective, open-label, multicentre randomised controlled trial involving 15 international centres in China, Korea, Japan, Malaysia and Singapore...
November 25, 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886939/development-and-implementation-of-models-of-care-for-musculoskeletal-conditions-in-middle-income-and-low-income-asian-countries
#15
REVIEW
Keith K Lim, Madelynn Chan, Sandra Navarra, Syed Atiqul Haq, Chak Sing Lau
This chapter discusses the challenges faced in the development and implementation of musculoskeletal (MSK) Models of Care (MoCs) in middle-income and low-income countries in Asia and outlines the components of an effective MoC for MSK conditions. Case studies of four such countries (The Philippines, Malaysia, Bangladesh and Myanmar) are presented, and their unique implementation issues are discussed. The success experienced in one high-income country (Singapore) is also described as a comparison. The Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases (COPCORD) project and the role of Asia Pacific League of Associations for Rheumatology (APLAR), a professional body supporting MoC initiatives in this region, are also discussed...
June 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886868/pilot-evaluation-of-the-informant-ad8-as-a-case-finding-instrument-for-cognitive-impairment-in-general-practitioner-clinics-of-singapore-a-brief-report
#16
Esther Yee Shuang Wan, Muhammad Amin Shaik, Amir Adhha, Richard Mong Hoo Ng, Claire Thompson, Ivana Ong, Jing Xu, Christopher Li-Hsian Chen, YanHong Dong
BACKGROUND: Case-finding services using a composite total risk score (TRS) and the informant AD8 have been previously recommended to detect cognitive impairment (CI) in government subsidized primary health care centers of Singapore (ie, polyclinics). OBJECTIVE: We compared the feasibility of implementing the services recommended for government-subsidized primary health care in private, primary health care service providers such as general practitioner (GP) clinics...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885905/facilitating-terminal-discharge-fulfilling-the-hospitalised-patient-s-wish-for-home-death-in-the-final-hours
#17
Yung Ying Tan, Zhi Zhen Xu, Grace Sy Pang, Limin Qu, Yi Xu, Ai Min Zhang, Patricia Sh Neo
BACKGROUND: Terminal discharge (TD) is the rapid discharge of a hospitalised patient when death is imminent. Its time-limited nature makes it challenging, particularly for ward nurses. AIM: To report the development of a structured TD framework, and determine if the framework can expedite TD processes and improve nurses' experience in conducting TDs. METHODS: A 3-phase audit was carried out in a Singapore hospital. The baseline and post intervention audits evaluated the time taken for TD, incidence of prescription errors, continuity of care, and timeliness of equipment arrangement...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882378/eastern-health-alliance-scientific-meeting-2016-transitions-of-care-singapore-10-12-november-2016-proceedings-and-abstracts
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882377/alexandra-health-forum-in-conjunction-with-ah-nursing-fest-healthcare-for-the-future-shifting-paradigms-for-population-patients-and-professionals-singapore-25-27-august-2016-proceedings-and-abstracts
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881260/the-eq-5d-5l-is-more-discriminative-than-the-eq-5d-3l-in-patients-with-diabetes-in-singapore
#20
Pei Wang, Nan Luo, E S Tai, Julian Thumboo
OBJECTIVES: To compare the discriminative power of the five-level version of the EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L [5L]) and its three-level version (EQ-5D-3L [3L]) in patients with diabetes in Singapore. METHODS: A consecutive sample of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) self-completed the two versions of the EQ-5D in the clinic. The 3L index score was calculated from the Singapore 3L value set, whereas the 5L index score was mapped from the 5L index score using an interim scoring...
May 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
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