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general practice pharmacist

Boon Phiaw Kho, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Ching Jou Lim, Fahad Saleem
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this research were to determine extra-organisational challenges (e.g. market competition, governing policies) faced by community pharmacies in Sarawak, the coping strategies employed to deal with these challenges and explore potential legislative changes that can attenuate the intensity of these challenges. METHODS: Survey questionnaires (n = 184) were posted to all eligible community pharmacies in Sarawak, Malaysia. The questionnaire included sections on participants' demographic data, extra-organisational challenges faced, coping strategies employed and proposals to improve community pharmacy legislations...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Helen Benson, Cherie Lucas, Walter Kmet, Shalom I Benrimoj, Kylie Williams
Background Team based care has been used internationally to improve the delivery of best practice primary health care. The WentWest General Practice Pharmacist Project, involving the integration of pharmacists within general practice teams, was commissioned to improve medication management of general practice patients. A particular focus of the project was the performance of medication review to allow the detection and resolution of drug related problems (DRPs). Objective The objectives of this 6-month study (October 2016-March 2017) were to: (1) identify and classify the DRPs detected as a result of pharmacist activities within a general practice primary care setting...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Emma L Veale, Adrian J Stewart, Alistair Mathie, Satvinder K Lall, Melanie Rees-Roberts, Vilius Savickas, Sukvinder K Bhamra, Sarah A Corlett
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) affects >6% of people aged 65 years or older. Left undetected and untreated, patients may develop significant cardiovascular complications and have a fivefold increased risk of suffering a stroke. For 40% of all sufferers, AF can be asymptomatic. Every year in the UK, £2.2 billion is spent on AF-related strokes, so there is an urgent need to improve early detection of AF. This study aims to determine the feasibility of using trained clinical pharmacists based in general practices, to screen for AF, using pulse palpation and a single-lead ECG device on participants aged 65 years or older, attending influenza vaccination clinics...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Katharine Wallis, Rebecca Tuckey
INTRODUCTION High-risk prescribing in general practice is common and places patients at increased risk of adverse events. AIM The Safer Prescribing and Care for the Elderly (SPACE) intervention, comprising audit and feedback plus practice mail-out to patients with high-risk prescribing, was designed to promote medicines review and support safer prescribing. This study aims to test the SPACE intervention feasibility in general practice. METHODS This feasibility study involved an Auckland Primary Health Organisation (PHO), a clinical advisory pharmacist, two purposively sampled urban general practices, and seven GPs...
June 2017: Journal of Primary Health Care
Chloë Campbell, Rhiannon Braund, Caroline Morris
INTRODUCTION Recognition of the need to reduce harm and optimise patient outcomes from the use of medicines is contributing to an evolution of pharmacy practice in primary health care internationally. This evolution is changing community pharmacy and leading to new models of care that enable pharmacist contribution beyond traditional realms. There is little information about the extent of these changes in New Zealand. AIM The aim of this study was to investigate emerging roles of pharmacists in primary health care...
December 2017: Journal of Primary Health Care
Susan Bidwell, Andrea Copeland
INTRODUCTION Pegasus Health Charitable Ltd, a Christchurch Primary Health Organisation, is contracted by the Canterbury District Health Board to provide continuing professional development for primary care practitioners in the region. Rurally located health practitioners have largely been unable to participate because of the travel time and distances involved. AIM The initiative reported in this paper aimed to fill this gap by developing an accessible and high-quality multidisciplinary model of professional development for general practitioners, nurse practitioners, practice nurses and community pharmacists in rural areas of North Canterbury, New Zealand...
December 2017: Journal of Primary Health Care
Caroline Christie, Susan Bidwell, Andrea Copeland, Ben Hudson
INTRODUCTION Pastoral care is recognised as an important aspect of a mature primary care network. Pegasus Health is now in its 25th year and has had a formal Pastoral Care Programme for doctors since 2009. AIM This study aimed to collect local data on the self-care of Canterbury (Christchurch, New Zealand) general practitioners (GPs), nurse practitioners (NPs), practice nurses (PNs) and community pharmacists (CPs). METHODS The survey was open to all participants in the Pegasus Small Group Education Programme in Canterbury...
December 2017: Journal of Primary Health Care
Nienke Elske Dijkstra, Carolina Geertruida Maria Sino, Eibert Rob Heerdink, Marieke Joanna Schuurmans
BACKGROUND: Home care patients often use many medications and are prone to drug-related problems (DRPs). For the management of problems related to drug use, home care could add to the multidisciplinary expertise of general practitioners (GPs) and pharmacists. The home care observation of medication-related problems by home care employees (HOME)-instrument is paper-based and assists home care workers in reporting potential DRPs. To facilitate the multiprofessional consultation, a digital report of DRPs from the HOME-instrument and digital monitoring and consulting of DRPs between home care and general practices and pharmacies is desired...
March 7, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
Stacie J Lampkin, Brooke Gildon, Sandra Benavides, Kelly Walls, Leslie Briars
Pediatric clinical pharmacists are an integral part of the health care team. By practicing in an ambulatory care clinic, they can reduce the risk of medication errors, improve health outcomes, and enhance patient care. Unfortunately, because of limited data, misconceptions surrounding the role of pharmacists, and reimbursement challenges, there may be difficulty in establishing or expanding pediatric clinical pharmacy services to an ambulatory care setting. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of considerations for establishing or expanding pharmacy services in a pediatric ambulatory care clinic...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
Corinne M Hohl, Serena S Small, David Peddie, Katherin Badke, Chantelle Bailey, Ellen Balka
BACKGROUND: Adverse drug events are unintended and harmful events related to medications. Adverse drug events are important for patient care, quality improvement, drug safety research, and postmarketing surveillance, but they are vastly underreported. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to identify barriers to adverse drug event documentation and factors contributing to underreporting. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted in 1 ambulatory center, and the emergency departments and inpatient wards of 3 acute care hospitals in British Columbia between March 2014 and December 2016...
February 27, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
Daniel Sabater-Hernández, Jacqueline Tudball, Caleb Ferguson, Lucía Franco-Trigo, Lutfun N Hossain, Shalom I Benrimoj
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacies provide a suitable setting to promote self-screening programs aimed at enhancing the early detection of atrial fibrillation (AF). Developing and implementing novel community pharmacy services (CPSs) is a complex and acknowledged challenge, which requires comprehensive planning and the participation of relevant stakeholders. Co-design processes are participatory research approaches that can enhance the development, evaluation and implementation of health services...
February 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Roger Jelliffe, David Bayard
The healing professions have only about four main therapeutic tools at their disposal-surgery, drugs, physical therapy, and psychotherapy. For the general profession of internal medicine, drug therapy is its primary tool. Providing an understanding of the state-of-the-art in therapeutic methods, grounded in solid scientific and mathematical rigor, is therefore of the utmost clinical importance for both physicians and clinical pharmacists. This is particularly true where rapidly evolving scientific changes require an up-to-date education upon which students can rely...
February 26, 2018: AAPS Journal
L Rouch, F Farbos, C Cool, C McCambridge, C Hein, S Elmalem, Y Rolland, B Vellas, P Cestac
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the overall rate of adherence by general practitioners (GPs) to treatment modifications suggested at discharge from hospital and to assess the way communication between secondary and primary care could be improved. DESIGN: Observational prospective cohort study. SETTING: Patients hospitalized from the emergency department to the acute geriatric care unit of a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 206 subjects with a mean age of 85 years...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Erin L Thompson, P S S Rao, Christopher Hayes, Catherine Purtill
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports a 200% escalation in the rate of opioid overdose deaths in the United States. Unfortunately, Ohio has been deemed the epicenter of the nation's opioid epidemic. In 2015, Ohio passed a bill that permits a pharmacist to distribute naloxone without a prescription. OBJECTIVES: This survey was aimed to discover pharmacists' knowledge of naloxone and Ohio law, perceived barriers that may prohibit naloxone dispensing, and Ohio pharmacists' general confidence, comfort, perception, and experience dispensing naloxone per physician protocol...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Lori Berard, Noreen Antonishyn, Kathryn Arcudi, Sarah Blunden, Alice Cheng, Ronald Goldenberg, Stewart Harris, Shelley Jones, Upender Mehan, James Morrell, Robert Roscoe, Rick Siemens, Michael Vallis, Jean-François Yale
It is currently estimated that 11 million Canadians are living with diabetes or prediabetes. Although hyperglycemia is associated with serious complications, it is well established that improved glycemic control reduces the risk of microvascular complications and can also reduce cardiovascular (CV) complications over the long term. The UKPDS and ADVANCE landmark trials have resulted in diabetes guidelines recommending an A1C target of ≤ 7.0% for most patients or a target of ≤ 6.5% to further reduce the risk of nephropathy and retinopathy in those with type 2 diabetes (T2D), if it can be achieved safely...
February 23, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
Rosie Dew, Kathryn King, Onyebuchi E Okosieme, Simon H Pearce, Gemma Donovan, Peter N Taylor, Janis Hickey, Colin M Dayan, Graham Leese, Salman Razvi, Scott Wilkes
OBJECTIVE: To explore the attitudes and perceptions of health professionals towards management of hypothyroidism that contributes to the suboptimal treatment of hypothyroidism in general practice. DESIGN: A qualitative interview study using semistructured interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen participants were interviewed between March and August 2016 comprising nine general practitioners (GPs), four pharmacists, two practice nurses and one nurse practitioner...
February 21, 2018: BMJ Open
Ankie C M Hazen, Esther de Groot, Antoinette A de Bont, Simone de Vocht, Johan J de Gier, Marcel L Bouvy, Niek J de Wit, Dorien L M Zwart
PURPOSE: To unravel boundary crossing as it relates to professional identity formation in pharmacists transitioning from a community pharmacy to working as nondispensing clinical pharmacists in general practice, with the aim of optimizing their education. METHOD: A multiple case study, including two-stage interviews, peer feedback, and individual reflection, that collected data in 2014 and 2015 from eight clinical pharmacists working in general practice in The Netherlands...
February 20, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Elsa Barton, Lydia Twining, Lucie Walters
BACKGROUND: The use of dose administration aids (DAAs), such as compartmentalised boxes (eg dosette) or medicine packs (eg Webster-pak), is common, particularly among patients with chronic disease. The aim of this study was to investigate factors influencing patients' decisions to commence using a DAA with a view to summarising implications for practice for general practitioners (GPs). METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with participants living in a regional town in South Australia...
December 2017: Australian Family Physician
Shubha Bhat, Mayank Kansal, George T Kondos, Vicki Groo
BACKGROUND: National guidelines recommend angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs) and β-blockers (BBs) at target doses for morbidity and mortality benefits in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF); regardless, titration of these therapies in practice remains suboptimal. We implemented an outpatient pharmacist-managed HFrEF medication titration assistance clinic (MTAC) at one institution to improve titration for general cardiology (GC) patients...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Marian Z M Hurmuz, Sarah I M Janus, Jeannette G van Manen
Background The more (inappropriate) drugs a patient uses, the higher the risk of drug related problems. To reduce these risks, medication reviews can be performed. Objective To report changes in the prescribed number of (potentially inappropriate) drugs before and after performing a medication review in high-risk polypharmacy patients. A secondary objective was to study reasons for continuing potentially inappropriate drugs (PIDs). Setting Dutch community pharmacy and general medical practice. Methods A retrospective longitudinal intervention study with a pre-test/post-test design and follow-up of 1 week and 3 months was performed...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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