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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805170/perspectives-of-patients-close-relatives-nurses-and-physicians-on-end-of-life-medication-management
#1
Marianne K Dees, Eric C T Geijteman, Wim J M Dekkers, Bregje A A Huisman, Roberto S G M Perez, Lia van Zuylen, Agnes van der Heide, Evert van Leeuwen
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to gain insight into the perspectives of patients, close relatives, nurses, and physicians on medication management for patients with a life expectancy of less than 3 months. METHOD: We conducted an empirical multicenter study with a qualitative approach, including in-depth interviews with patients, relatives, nurses, specialists, and general practitioners (GPs). We used the constant comparative method and ATLAS.ti (v. 7.1) software for our analysis...
August 14, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800268/asthma-management-experiences-of-australians-who-are-native-arabic-speakers
#2
Reem Alzayer, Betty Chaar, Iman Basheti, Bandana Saini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the asthma management experiences of people with asthma within the Arabic-speaking community in Australia. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews guided by a schedule of questions were conducted with 25 Arabic-speaking women with asthma/carer of a child with asthma, recruited from medical practices and community centers in Melbourne, Australia. RESULTS: Twenty-five Arabic-speaking participants with asthma or caring for those with asthma were interviewed...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793918/key-stakeholder-perspectives-on-the-barriers-and-solutions-to-pharmacy-practice-towards-complementary-medicines-an-australian-experience
#3
Carolina Oi Lam Ung, Joanna Harnett, Hao Hu
BACKGROUND: Although pharmacists are entrusted to play a role in ensuring the safe and appropriate use of all medicines, in general, the inclusion of complementary medicines (CMs) into their professional practice has not been observed. The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions and opinions of pharmacists and 8 key stakeholder leaders regarding the barriers that hinder pharmacists from providing care related to the use of CMs by patients/consumers and to identify solutions that would support pharmacists' in extending their role in this area...
August 9, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790256/-safe-handling-of-hazardous-drugs-in-nursing-practice
#4
Kazue Hirai
Handling of hazardous drugs in nursing practice, there are risks of a wide variety of occupational exposures such as drug administration, management of spills, care of patients after administration, etc. Using a general infusion set for intravenous administration, there are risk of exposure such as scattering when the bottle needle is spiked into the infusion bag, leakage when priming the infusion line with antineoplastic drug, spillage when removing the side tube. For intravenous administration, use of CSTD for administration is most effective, but in many facilities, a general infusion set is used due to cost considerations...
July 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760793/pim-check-development-of-an-international-prescription-screening-checklist-designed-by-a-delphi-method-for-internal-medicine-patients
#5
Aude Desnoyer, Anne-Laure Blanc, Valérie Pourcher, Marie Besson, Caroline Fonzo-Christe, Jules Desmeules, Arnaud Perrier, Pascal Bonnabry, Caroline Samer, Bertrand Guignard
OBJECTIVES: Potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) occurs frequently and is a well-known risk factor for adverse drug events, but its incidence is underestimated in internal medicine. The objective of this study was to develop an electronic prescription-screening checklist to assist residents and young healthcare professionals in PIM detection. DESIGN: Five-step study involving selection of medical domains, literature review and 17 semistructured interviews, a two-round Delphi survey, a forward/back-translation process and an electronic tool development...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743758/ashp-national-survey-of-pharmacy-practice-in-hospital-settings-prescribing-and-transcribing-2016
#6
Craig A Pedersen, Philip J Schneider, Douglas J Scheckelhoff
PURPOSE: The results of the 2016 ASHP national survey of pharmacy practice in hospital settings are presented. METHODS: A stratified random sample of pharmacy directors at 1,315 general and children's medical-surgical hospitals in the United States were surveyed using a mixed-mode method offering a choice of completing a paper survey or an online survey. IMS Health supplied data on hospital characteristics; the survey sample was drawn from IMS's hospital database...
July 25, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737984/evaluating-the-training-responsibilities-and-practices-of-p-t-committee-members-and-nonmember-contributors
#7
Ryan Rodriguez, Brett J Kelly, Mary Moody
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy and therapeutics (P&T) committees are responsible for managing drug formularies in numerous health care settings. Although pharmacy practice and health care organizations provide general recommendations of responsibilities and skills for members and nonmember contributors of P&T committees, the study investigators hypothesized that there is diversity in the training, responsibilities, and practices of these members and contributors. OBJECTIVE: To describe the training, responsibilities, and practices of members and nonmember contributors of P&T committees in a variety of health care settings, using an online survey...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720912/professional-stereotypes-of-interprofessional-education-naive-pharmacy-and-nursing-students
#8
Maria Miller Thurston, Melissa M Chesson, Elaine C Harris, Gina J Ryan
Objective. To assess and compare interprofessional education (IPE) naive pharmacy and nursing student stereotypes prior to completion of an IPE activity. Methods. Three hundred and twenty-three pharmacy students and 275 nursing students at Mercer University completed the Student Stereotypes Rating Questionnaire. Responses from pharmacy and nursing students were compared, and responses from different level learners within the same profession also were compared. Results. Three hundred and fifty-six (59.5%) students completed the survey...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701105/the-use-of-evidence-during-group-meetings-of-dutch-general-practitioners
#9
Bastiaan P H Ter Brugge, Marie-Louise E L Bartelink, Roger A M J Damoiseaux, Esther de Groot
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: For Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) learning journal clubs are recommended, but these are not common practice. How participants discuss and learn about applying evidence in other group meetings is unknown. We examined different types of group meetings and explored the use of, and discussions about, clinical research evidence. METHODS: A mixed-methods study design was adopted. After distribution and analysis of a questionnaire about types of group meetings, interviews were conducted to better understand the most frequently occurring type...
July 12, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673959/pharmacists-perceptions-of-their-emerging-general-practice-roles-in-uk-primary-care-a-qualitative-interview-study
#10
Jo Butterworth, Anna Sansom, Laura Sims, Mark Healey, Ellie Kingsland, John Campbell
BACKGROUND: UK general practice is experiencing a workload crisis. Pharmacists are the third largest healthcare profession in the UK; however, their skills are a currently underutilised and potentially highly valuable resource for primary health care. This study forms part of the evaluation of an innovative training programme for pharmacists who are interested in extended roles in primary care, advocated by a UK collaborative '10-point GP workforce action plan'. AIM: To explore pharmacists' perceptions of primary care roles including the potential for greater integration of their profession into general practice...
July 3, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653745/st-john-s-wort-for-depression-scoping-review-about-perceptions-and-use-by-general-practitioners-in-clinical-practice
#11
Kirsty Forsdike, Marie Pirotta
BACKGROUND: Extracts of Hypericum perforatum, more commonly known as St John's wort (SJW), have good evidence for treating depression. The herb is easily accessible and widely used by consumers, although it has potential for interaction with other medicines. Consumers' use of SJW is often not discussed with their general practitioners (GPs). It is unclear how GPs perceive use of SJW in practice and the implications for consumers and pharmacists. OBJECTIVE: Explore GPs' perception of SJW use in practice...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653261/future-enhanced-clinical-role-of-pharmacists-in-emergency-departments-in-england-multi-site-observational-evaluation
#12
Elizabeth Hughes, David Terry, Chi Huynh, Konstantinos Petridis, Matthew Aiello, Louis Mazard, Hirminder Ubhi, Alex Terry, Keith Wilson, Anthony Sinclair
Background There are concerns about maintaining appropriate clinical staffing levels in Emergency Departments. Pharmacists may be one possible solution. Objective To determine if Emergency Department attendees could be clinically managed by pharmacists with or without advanced clinical practice training. Setting Prospective 49 site cross-sectional observational study of patients attending Emergency Departments in England. Method Pharmacist data collectors identified patient attendance at their Emergency Department, recorded anonymized details of 400 cases and categorized each into one of four possible options: cases which could be managed by a community pharmacist; could be managed by a hospital pharmacist independent prescriber; could be managed by a hospital pharmacist independent prescriber with additional clinical training; or medical team only (unsuitable for pharmacists to manage)...
June 26, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630515/emotional-intelligence-and-its-effect-on-pharmacists-and-pharmacy-students-with-autistic-like-traits
#13
Yuji Higuchi, Masatoshi Inagaki, Toshihiro Koyama, Yoshihisa Kitamura, Toshiaki Sendo, Maiko Fujimori, Hitomi Kataoka, Chinatsu Hayashibara, Yosuke Uchitomi, Norihito Yamada
Objective. To measure whether Emotional intelligence (EI) would minimize the negative association between autistic-like traits (ALT) and empathic behavior and enhance the positive association between ALT and psychological distress. Methods. Our sample population included 823 hospital pharmacists belonging to a district society, and 378 pharmacy students. Analyses were performed to examine relationships between scores on the Emotional Intelligence Scale (EQS), Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ), Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE), and General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ)...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630507/analysis-of-the-student-experience-in-an-attending-pharmacist-model-general-medicine-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experience
#14
Teresa A O'Sullivan, Carmen Lau, Erin Sy, Hana Moogk, Stanley S Weber, Jennifer Danielson
Objective. To characterize and determine the quality of the student experience in an attending pharmacist model (APM). Methods. In-depth interviews were conducted with students completing an advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) at two general medicine services using the APM over a 2-year time period. Quantitative information about student learning and interprofessional interactions were extracted from student evaluations of the site. Data from the mixed model were analyzed to identify strengths of the APM and areas needing improvement...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629304/board-of-pharmacy-practices-related-to-medication-errors-and-their-potential-impact-on-patient-safety
#15
Daniel D Degnan, John B Hertig, Michael J Peters, James G Stevenson
State boards of pharmacy are generally responsible for the governance of the practice of pharmacy. While the regulatory process and methods for accomplishing this task may vary by state, all boards of pharmacy must address medication errors committed by pharmacists. The National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP) has recommended that state boards of pharmacy implement best practices and enforcement actions that are aimed to promote patient safety and reduce medication errors. The current study was designed to identify and compare current corrective action practices among boards of pharmacy in response to medication errors...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616683/general-practitioners-perceptions-of-the-current-status-and-pharmacists-contribution-to-primary-care-in-iceland
#16
Anna Bryndis Blondal, Jon Steinar Jonsson, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong, Anna Birna Almarsdottir
Background For the past several years pharmacists' responsibilities have expanded globally from traditional tasks of dispensing medications to collaborating with other health care professionals in patient care. Similar developments have not occurred in outpatient settings in Iceland. Objective The aim of this study was to explore Icelandic general practitioners' views on the current status of primary care, their perceptions of pharmacists as a health care profession, and their attitudes towards future GP-pharmacist collaboration in primary care in Iceland...
August 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615021/general-perception-and-self-practice-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-among-undergraduate-pharmacy-students-of-bangladesh
#17
Bijoy Laxmi Saha, Md Omar Reza Seam, Md Mainul Islam, Abhijit Das, Sayed Koushik Ahamed, Palash Karmakar, Md Fokhrul Islam, Sukalyan Kumar Kundu
BACKGROUND: Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is a combination of herbal medicine, traditional therapies, and mind-body intervention. This descriptive study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitudes, perception and self-use of CAM among Bangladeshi undergraduate pharmacy students. The study also evaluated their opinions about its integration into the pharmacy course curriculum. METHODS: It was a cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study conducted on 250 pharmacy students of five reputed public universities of Bangladesh...
June 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608329/assessment-of-evidence-based-practice-among-hospital-pharmacists-in-saudi-arabia-attitude-awareness-and-practice
#18
Abdulrazaq S Al-Jazairi, Reem Alharbi
Background Many studies have previously looked at the perceptions, attitude, and use of Evidence-based Practice (EBP) among healthcare providers. However, limited data is available on the implementation of EBP among pharmacists in general, and Saudi Arabia in particular. Objective To evaluate the awareness, attitude, and practice of EBP among hospital practicing pharmacists in Saudi Arabia. Setting Secondary and tertiary care hospitals in Saudi Arabia with a bed capacity of ≥200 Methods This is a cross sectional, survey-based study where a validated selfadministrated questionnaire was utilized...
August 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595684/marijuana-use-in-the-elderly-implications-and-considerations
#19
Tracy D Mahvan, Michelle L Hilaire, Allison Mann, Antoinette Brown, Becky Linn, Taylor Gardner, Beryen Lai
OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the literature on the use of marijuana in the elderly. Pharmacists play an important role in the management of medications including drug use of potentially illegal drugs, including marijuana. The use of both recreational and medical marijuana has grown exponentially in the general population, including in older adults. As of 2017, marijuana for medical use is legal in 26 states and the District of Columbia. DATA SOURCES: PubMed and Internet search using the following terms: marijuana, cannabis, delta-9-tetrhydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol, cannabinoid, elderly, geriatric, and pharmacology...
June 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583318/-pharmacist-s-interview-with-type-2-diabetes-development-of-a-follow-up-form
#20
P Garcia Santos, L Bernard, S Bedhomme, S Blum, M Gravelin, M F Leonce, M L McLeod, B Roche, M C Roche, A Van Lander, V Sautou, B Vennat
OBJECTIVES: Type 2 diabetes is a major public health concern because of its prevalence, the severity of complications and the financial implications. Compliance and patient's autonomy in medications intake play key roles in the success of treatment. Pharmacists' interviews ensure an optimized and individual follow-up. Type 2 diabetes is not one of the targeted diseases to perform pharmacists' interviews on under Health Insurance. We thus judged useful to contribute to their development...
June 2, 2017: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
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