keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

neonatal mortality rate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732307/a-multisite-audit-to-assess-how-women-with-complex-social-factors-access-and-engage-with-maternity-services
#1
Hannah Rayment-Jones, Eleanor Butler, Chelsie Miller, Christine Nay, Jennifer O'Dowd
OBJECTIVE: to audit women with socially complex lives' documented access to and engagement with antenatal care provided by three inner city, UK maternity services in relation to birth and neonatal outcomes, and referral processes. BACKGROUND: women living socially complex lives, including young mothers, recently arrived immigrants, non-English speaking, and those experiencing domestic violence, poor mental health, drug and alcohol abuse, and poverty experience high rates of morbidity, mortality and poor birth outcomes...
June 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727900/head-midline-position-for-preventing-the-occurrence-or-extension-of-germinal-matrix-intraventricular-hemorrhage-in-preterm-infants
#2
REVIEW
Olga Romantsik, Maria Grazia Calevo, Matteo Bruschettini
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is known to constitute the major risk factor for development of germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage (GM-IVH). Head position may affect cerebral hemodynamics and thus may be involved indirectly in development of GM-IVH. Turning the head toward one side may functionally occlude jugular venous drainage on the ipsilateral side while increasing intracranial pressure and cerebral blood volume. Thus, it has been suggested that cerebral venous pressure is reduced and hydrostatic brain drainage improved if the patient is in supine midline position with the bed tilted 30°...
July 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721929/obstetric-hemorrhages-at-the-chu-yalgado-ou%C3%A3-draogo-of-ouagadougou%C3%A2-etiological-therapeutic-and-prognostic-aspects
#3
D P Kain, R D Ajavon, H Zamané, S Kiemtore, Y A Sawadogo, I Ouédraogo
To evaluate the maternal and perinatal prognosis of obstetric hemorrhages in the maternity department of the Yalgado Ouédraogo University Hospital of Ouagadougou. This descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in the four-month period from April through July 2015 included all women consulting on an emergency basis for vaginal bleeding during pregnancy at or after 28 weeks of gestation, or during labor, delivery, or the postpartum period. Obstetric hemorrhages accounted for 6% of admissions. The women's mean age was 27...
July 19, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720089/analysis-of-the-association-between-millennium-development-goals-4-5-and-the-physician-workforce-across-international-economic-strata
#4
Christopher P Morley, Dongliang Wang, Emily M Mader, Kyle P Plante, Lindsey N Kingston, Azadeh Rabiei
BACKGROUND: The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are 8 international development goals voluntarily adopted by 189 nations. The goals included health related aims to reduce the under-five child mortality rate by two-thirds (MDG4), and to reduce the maternal mortality ratio by three-quarters (MDG5). To assess the relationship between the healthcare workforce and MDGs 4-5, we examined the physician workforces of countries around the globe, in terms of the Physician Density Level (PDL, or number of physicians per 1000 population), and compared this rate across a number of years to several indicator variables specified as markers of progress towards MDG4 and MDG5...
July 18, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720014/the-impact-of-intrauterine-treatment-on-fetal-tachycardia-a-nationwide-survey-in-japan
#5
Keiko Ueda, Yasuki Maeno, Takekazu Miyoshi, Noboru Inamura, Motoyoshi Kawataki, Mio Taketazu, Masaki Nii, Akiko Hagiwara, Hitoshi Horigome, Makio Shozu, Wataru Shimizu, Satoshi Yasukochi, Hitoshi Yoda, Isao Shiraishi, Heima Sakaguchi, Shinji Katsuragi, Haruhiko Sago, Tomoaki Ikeda
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical course of fetal tachycardia and analyze the impact of intrauterine treatment on the postnatal treatment and patient outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective review of cases of fetal tachycardia that occurred from 2004 to 2006. Data were collected from questionnaires that were sent to all 750 secondary or tertiary perinatal care centers in Japan. RESULTS: Eighty-two cases (14 with fetal hydrops) were analyzed (supraventricular tachycardia [SVT], n = 52; atrial flutter [AFL], n = 23; and ventricular tachycardia, n = 7)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719334/precisely-tracking-childhood-death
#6
Tamer H Farag, Jeffrey P Koplan, Robert F Breiman, Shabir A Madhi, Penny M Heaton, Trevor Mundel, Jaume Ordi, Quique Bassat, Clara Menendez, Scott F Dowell
Little is known about the specific causes of neonatal and under-five childhood death in high-mortality geographic regions due to a lack of primary data and dependence on inaccurate tools, such as verbal autopsy. To meet the ambitious new Sustainable Development Goal 3.2 to eliminate preventable child mortality in every country, better approaches are needed to precisely determine specific causes of death so that prevention and treatment interventions can be strengthened and focused. Minimally invasive tissue sampling (MITS) is a technique that uses needle-based postmortem sampling, followed by advanced histopathology and microbiology to definitely determine cause of death...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717890/application-of-phototherapy-for-the-healing-of-the-navels-of-neonatal-dairy-calves
#7
Ana Lúcia Borges de Souza Faria, Luis Augusto Lupato Conrado, Luiz Sergio Vanzela, Antonio Balbin Villaverde, Egberto Munin
The present work evaluated the effects of LED light irradiation on the healing of the navels of neonatal dairy calves. Fifty-seven neonatal calves were divided into two groups. Animals had their umbilical stumps immersed in 10% iodine tincture for 60 s, and this process was repeated every 24 h for three consecutive days. The 29 animals in the first group did not receive LED therapy. The 28 animals in the second group received LED light irradiation at 640 nm with 300 mW power, 46.8 J/cm(2) energy density, 60 s irradiation time, and 0...
July 17, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716351/effect-of-provision-of-home-based-curative-health-services-by-public-sector-health-care-providers-on-neonatal-survival-a-community-based-cluster-randomised-trial-in-rural-pakistan
#8
Sajid Soofi, Simon Cousens, Ali Turab, Yaqub Wasan, Shah Mohammed, Shabina Ariff, Zaid Bhatti, Imran Ahmed, Steve Wall, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Although the effectiveness of community mobilisation and promotive care delivered by community health workers in reducing perinatal and neonatal mortality is well established, evidence in support of home-based neonatal resuscitation and infection management is mixed. We assessed the effectiveness of adding training in neonatal bag and mask resuscitation and oral antibiotic therapy for suspected neonatal infections to a basic preventive and promotive interventions package delivered by public sector community-based lady health workers (LHWs) in rural Pakistan...
August 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716350/progress-and-priorities-for-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-in-kenya-a-countdown-to-2015-country-case-study
#9
Emily C Keats, Anthony Ngugi, William Macharia, Nadia Akseer, Emma Nelima Khaemba, Zaid Bhatti, Arjumand Rizvi, John Tole, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Progress in reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) in Kenya has been inconsistent over the past two decades, despite the global push to foster accountability, reduce child mortality, and improve maternal health in an equitable manner. Although several cross-sectional assessments have been done, a systematic analysis of RMNCH in Kenya was needed to better understand the push and pull factors that govern intervention coverage and influence mortality trends...
August 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715934/-first-1000-days-health-interventions-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-alignment-of-south-african-policies-with-high-quality-evidence
#10
René English, Nazia Peer, Simone Honikman, Aviva Tugendhaft, Karen J Hofman
BACKGROUND: In South Africa (SA), despite adoption of international strategies and approaches, maternal, neonatal and child (MNC) morbidity and mortality rates have not sufficiently declined. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an umbrella review (UR) that identifies interventions in low- and middle-income countries, with a high-quality evidence base, that improve MNC morbidity and mortality outcomes within the first 1000 days of life; and to assess the incorporation of the evidence into local strategies, guidelines and documents...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715797/neurodevelopment-at-3-years-in-neonates-born-by-vaginal-delivery-versus-cesarean-section-at-26-weeks-of-gestation-retrospective-analysis-of-a-nationwide-registry-in-japan
#11
Takeshi Kimura, Masato Takeuchi, Takumi Imai, Shiro Tanaka, Koji Kawakami
BACKGROUND: A high proportion of extremely preterm (EPT) infants are born by cesarean section (CS). However, whether the mode of delivery is related to long-term neurodevelopment in these infants is unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine whether the mode of delivery is associated with mortality and long-term outcomes in EPT infants. METHODS: We analyzed data of the Neonatal Research Network in Japan (NRNJ), a population-based, nationwide registry...
July 14, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710882/mid-trimester-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-pprom-etiology-diagnosis-classification-international-recommendations-of-treatment-options-and-outcome
#12
REVIEW
Michael Tchirikov, Natalia Schlabritz-Loutsevitch, James Maher, Jörg Buchmann, Yuri Naberezhnev, Andreas S Winarno, Gregor Seliger
Mid-trimester preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), defined as rupture of fetal membranes prior to 28 weeks of gestation, complicates approximately 0.4%-0.7% of all pregnancies. This condition is associated with a very high neonatal mortality rate as well as an increased risk of long- and short-term severe neonatal morbidity. The causes of the mid-trimester PPROM are multifactorial. Altered membrane morphology including marked swelling and disruption of the collagen network which is seen with PPROM can be triggered by bacterial products or/and pro-inflammatory cytokines...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709451/comparing-very-low-birth-weight-versus-very-low-gestation-cohort-methods-for-outcome-analysis-of-high-risk-preterm-infants
#13
Louise Im Koller-Smith, Prakesh S Shah, Xiang Y Ye, Gunnar Sjörs, Yueping A Wang, Sharon S W Chow, Brian A Darlow, Shoo K Lee, Stellan Håkanson, Kei Lui
BACKGROUND: Compared to very low gestational age (<32 weeks, VLGA) cohorts, very low birth weight (<1500 g; VLBW) cohorts are more prone to selection bias toward small-for-gestational age (SGA) infants, which may impact upon the validity of data for benchmarking purposes. METHOD: Data from all VLGA or VLBW infants admitted in the 3 Networks between 2008 and 2011 were used. Two-thirds of each network cohort was randomly selected to develop prediction models for mortality and composite adverse outcome (CAO: mortality or cerebral injuries, chronic lung disease, severe retinopathy or necrotizing enterocolitis) and the remaining for internal validation...
July 14, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707404/sustained-versus-standard-inflations-during-neonatal-resuscitation-to-prevent-mortality-and-improve-respiratory-outcomes
#14
REVIEW
Matteo Bruschettini, Colm Pf O'Donnell, Peter G Davis, Colin J Morley, Lorenzo Moja, Simona Zappettini, Maria Grazia Calevo
BACKGROUND: At birth, infants' lungs are fluid-filled. For newborns to have a successful transition, this fluid must be replaced by air to enable effective breathing. Some infants are judged to have inadequate breathing at birth and are resuscitated with positive pressure ventilation (PPV). Giving prolonged (sustained) inflations at the start of PPV may help clear lung fluid and establish gas volume within the lungs. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of an initial sustained (> 1 second duration) lung inflation versus standard inflations (≤ 1 second) in newly born infants receiving resuscitation with intermittent PPV...
July 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704818/active-surveillance-cultures-and-targeted-decolonization-are-associated-with-reduced-methicillin-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus-infections-in-vlbw-infants
#15
Lukas Wisgrill, Johanna Zizka, Lukas Unterasinger, Judith Rittenschober-Böhm, Thomas Waldhör, Athanasios Makristathis, Angelika Berger
BACKGROUND: Methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) is a major contributor to infectious episodes of very low birth weight infants (VLBWI), resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy and safety of surveillance cultures and the decolonization of MSSA-colonized VLBWI. METHODS: VLBWI admitted to our neonatal wards in 2011-2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Rates of MSSA-attributable infections were compared before and after the implementation of active surveillance cultures and the decolonization of MSSA-colonized patients...
July 14, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704570/signs-of-eclampsia-during-singleton-deliveries-and-early-neonatal-mortality-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-from-three-who-regions
#16
Saverio Bellizzi, Howard L Sobel, Mohamed M Ali
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of eclampsia symptoms and to explore associations between eclampsia and early neonatal mortality. METHODS: The present secondary analysis included Demographic and Health Surveys data from 2005 to 2012; details of signs related to severe obstetric adverse events of singleton deliveries during interviewees' most recent delivery in the preceding 5 years were included. Data and delivery history were merged for pooled analyses. Convulsions-used as an indicator for having experienced eclampsia-and early neonatal mortality rates were compared, and a generalized random effect model, adjusted for heterogeneity between and within countries, was used to investigate the impact of presumed eclampsia on early neonatal mortality...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702025/cellular-and-molecular-defects-underlying-invasive-fungal-infections-revelations-from-endemic-mycoses
#17
REVIEW
Pamela P Lee, Yu-Lung Lau
The global burden of fungal diseases has been increasing, as a result of the expanding number of susceptible individuals including people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hematopoietic stem cell or organ transplant recipients, patients with malignancies or immunological conditions receiving immunosuppressive treatment, premature neonates, and the elderly. Opportunistic fungal pathogens such as Aspergillus, Candida, Cryptococcus, Rhizopus, and Pneumocystis jiroveci are distributed worldwide and constitute the majority of invasive fungal infections (IFIs)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699797/candidemia-and-invasive-candidiasis-among-hospitalized-neonates-and-pediatric-patients
#18
Rachel Harrington, Sylvia L Kindermann, Qingjiang Hou, Robert J Taylor, Nkechi Azie, David L Horn
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiology, treatment, length of stay (LOS) and costs for neonatal and pediatric inpatients with invasive candidiasis (IC). METHODS: The Cerner Health Facts Database was used to assess inpatients (2005-2014) identified by positive blood or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Candida cultures. Log-transformed LOS and cost were examined in candidemia-only patients (n= 191) using multivariable linear regression. RESULTS: 202 patients had a positive culture (blood: n = 192; CSF: n = 10; both: n = 2)...
July 12, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695444/severe-fetal-abnormality-and-outcomes-of-continued-pregnancies-a-french-multicenter-retrospective-study
#19
Marine Bourdens, Julie Tadonnet, Laura Hostalery, Laurent Renesme, Barthélémy Tosello
Objectives To describe a population choosing to continue with their pregnancy despite being eligible to receive a medical termination of pregnancy (TOP). Methods Nine-year retrospective study of data (01/01/2006 to 31/12/2014) from three French prenatal diagnostic centers describing the perinatal outcomes of these pregnancies. Pregnancies were classified according to etiology and severity of its fetal pathology. Several perinatal parameters were described: maternal characteristics, parental prenatal choices and information on the pregnancy and neonatal outcomes...
July 10, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694793/comparative-genomic-characterization-of-the-highly-persistent-and-potentially-virulent-cronobacter-sakazakii-st83-cc65-strain-h322-and-other-st83-strains
#20
Hannah R Chase, Gopal R Gopinath, Athmanya K Eshwar, Andrea Stoller, Claudia Fricker-Feer, Jayanthi Gangiredla, Isha R Patel, Hediye N Cinar, HyeJin Jeong, ChaeYoon Lee, Flavia Negrete, Samantha Finkelstein, Roger Stephan, Ben D Tall, Angelika Lehner
Cronobacter (C.) sakazakii is an opportunistic pathogen and has been associated with serious infections with high mortality rates predominantly in pre-term, low-birth weight and/or immune compromised neonates and infants. Infections have been epidemiologically linked to consumption of intrinsically and extrinsically contaminated lots of reconstituted powdered infant formula (PIF), thus contamination of such products is a challenging task for the PIF producing industry. We present the draft genome of C. sakazakii H322, a highly persistent sequence type (ST) 83, clonal complex (CC) 65, serotype O:7 strain obtained from a batch of non-released contaminated PIF product...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
keyword
keyword
115779
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"