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neonatal mortality rate

Jennifer Carns, Kondwani Kawaza, M K Quinn, Yinsen Miao, Rudy Guerra, Elizabeth Molyneux, Maria Oden, Rebecca Richards-Kortum
BACKGROUND: Neonatal hypothermia is widely associated with increased risks of morbidity and mortality, but remains a pervasive global problem. No studies have examined the impact of hypothermia on outcomes for preterm infants treated with CPAP for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). METHODS: This retrospective analysis assessed the impact of hypothermia on outcomes of 65 neonates diagnosed with RDS and treated with either nasal oxygen (N = 17) or CPAP (N = 48) in a low-resource setting...
2018: PloS One
Sophie Vincent, Nicholas Czuzoj-Shulman, Andrea R Spence, Haim A Abenhaim
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and neonatal respiratory-related outcomes among women who underwent an elective cesarean section (CS). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s 2009-2013 period linked birth/infant death dataset. Women who had elective CSs at term were categorized by their pre-pregnancy BMI as normal, overweight, obese or morbidly obese...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Wendy E Pollock, Susan J McDonald, Angela J Taft
INTRODUCTION: Preventing and reducing violence against women (VAW) and maternal mortality are Sustainable Development Goals. Worldwide, the maternal mortality ratio has fallen about 44% in the last 25 years, and for one maternal death there are many women affected by severe acute maternal morbidity (SAMM) requiring management in the intensive care unit (ICU). These women represent the most critically ill obstetric patients of the maternal morbidity spectrum and should be studied to complement the review of maternal mortality...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Charlene Eliza Thornton, Hannah Grace Dahlen
OBJECTIVES: To determine incidence, associated factors, outcomes and geographical occurrence of born before arrival (BBA) in New South Wales, Australia. DESIGN: A linked population data study involving population-based surveillance systems was undertaken for the years 2000-2011. SETTING: New South Wales, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: All women who underwent BBA compared with women who birthed in hospital/birth centre settings...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Xin-Rui Han, Xin Wen, Yong-Jian Wang, Shan Wang, Min Shen, Zi-Feng Zhang, Shao-Hua Fan, Qun Shan, Liang Wang, Meng-Qiu Li, Bin Hu, Chun-Hui Sun, Dong-Mei Wu, Jun Lu, Yuan-Lin Zheng
Hypoxia-ischaemia (HI) remains a major cause of foetal brain damage presented a scarcity of effective therapeutic approaches. Dexmedetomidine (DEX) and microRNA-140-5p (miR-140-5p) have been highlighted due to its potentially significant role in the treatment of cerebral ischaemia. This study was to investigate the role by which miR-140-5p provides cerebral protection using DEX to treat hypoxic-ischaemic brain damage (HIBD) in neonatal rats via the Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathway. The HIBD rat models were established and allocated into various groups with different treatment plans, and eight SD rats into sham group...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Zahra Laleh Eslamian, Elahe Zarean, Maryam Moshfeghi, Zahra Heidari
Background: Early prediction of adverse neonatal outcome would be possible by Doppler impedance indices of middle cerebral artery (MCA), umbilical artery (UmA), and descending aortal artery (AO) that result in decrease neonatal morbidity and mortality rate. The aim of the present study was a determination of optimal value for the ratio of MCA to descending aorta blood flow (MCA/AO) impedance indices and its comparison with the ratio of MCA to UmA (MCA/UmA) impedance indices and their relationship with neonatal outcome...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Harsh Dilipkumar Shah, Bonny Shah, Paresh V Dave, Janak B Katariya, Khyati P Vats
Context: Facility Based Newborn Care (FBNC) is a key strategy to improve child survival, especially in newborn care where neonatal mortality rate (NMR) is stagnant in declining. Gujarat has achieved considerable amount of reduction in child deaths, but neonatal health requires attention. The study was aimed to assess the admission pattern of Special Newborn Care Units (SNCUs) which supports decision-making. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional descriptive analysis was done from secondary data of the SNCU reports on the aspects of admission patterns, morbidity, and mortality pattern...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Kristina Adachi, Jiahong Xu, Bonnie Ank, D Heather Watts, Margaret Camarca, Lynne M Mofenson, Jose Henrique Pilotto, Esau Joao, Glenda Gray, Gerhard Theron, Breno Santos, Rosana Fonseca, Regis Kreitchmann, Jorge Pinto, Marisa M Mussi-Pinhata, Daisy Maria Machado, Mariana Ceriotto, Mariza G Morgado, Yvonne J Bryson, Valdilea G Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Mark Mirochnick, Jack Moye, Karin Nielsen-Saines
BACKGROUND: Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection (cCMV) is an important cause of hearing loss and cognitive impairment. Prior studies suggest that HIV-exposed children are at higher risk of acquiring cCMV. We assessed the presence, magnitude, and risk factors associated with cCMV among infants born to HIV-infected women, who were not receiving antiretrovirals during pregnancy. METHODS: cCMV and urinary CMV load were determined in a cohort of infants born to HIV-infected women not receiving antiretrovirals during pregnancy...
March 9, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Marc Beltempo, Karin Clement, Guy Lacroix, Sylvie Bélanger, Anne-Sophie Julien, Bruno Piedboeuf
OBJECTIVE:  This article assesses the effect of reducing consecutive hours worked by residents from 24 to 16 hours on yearly total hours worked per resident in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and evaluates the association of resident duty hour reform, level of trainee, and the number of residents present at admission with mortality in the NICU. STUDY DESIGN:  This is a 6-year retrospective cohort study including all pediatric residents working in a Level 3 NICU ( N  = 185) and infants admitted to the NICU ( N  = 8,159)...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
Patricio E Lau, Stephanie M Cruz, Elena C Ocampo, Sushma Nuthakki, Candace C Style, Timothy C Lee, David E Wesson, Oluyinka O Olutoye
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) who developed necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). METHODS: A retrospective review of neonates with CHD at a tertiary care center between January 2006 and January 2016 was performed. Diagnosis of NEC was based on modified Bell's criteria. Patients were grouped by Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Surgery (RACHS-1) or by ductal-dependent (DD) lesions that require a patent ductus arteriosus to supply pulmonary or systemic circulation...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Marc Beltempo, Prakesh S Shah, Xiang Y Ye, Jehier Afifi, Shoo Lee, Douglas D McMillan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the specific Score of Neonatal Acute Physiology (SNAP-II) cut-off scores associated with outcomes in extremely preterm infants, and to examine its contribution to predictive models that include nonmodifiable birth predictors. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational study of 9240 infants born at 22-28 weeks' gestation and admitted to the Canadian Neonatal Network from 2010 to 2015. Outcomes included early and hospital mortality, composite of mortality/morbidity and individual morbidities...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
M Simermann, S Rothenburger, B Auburtin, J-M Hascoët
INTRODUCTION: Denial of pregnancy remains a phenomenon little known to healthcare professionals. Yet its repercussions are far from negligible. The aim of this study was to assess whether denial of pregnancy has an impact on the infant's development. PATIENTS AND METHOD: This prospective study included 51 full-term infants born in Nancy Regional Maternity Hospital between 1 January 2009 and 30 June 2015. In this study, the development of the children was followed longitudinally...
March 7, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Kaitlin Benedict, Monika Roy, Sarah Kabbani, Evan J Anderson, Monica M Farley, Sasha Harb, Lee H Harrison, Lindsay Bonner, Vijitha Lahanda Wadu, Kaytlyn Marceaux, Rosemary Hollick, Zintar G Beldavs, Alexia Y Zhang, William Schaffner, Caroline R Graber, Gordana Derado, Tom M Chiller, Shawn R Lockhart, Snigdha Vallabhaneni
Introduction: Candida is a leading cause of healthcare-associated bloodstream infections in the United States. Infants and children have unique risk factors for candidemia, and the Candida species distribution in this group is different that among adults; however, candidemia epidemiology in this population has not been described recently. Methods: We conducted active population-based candidemia surveillance in 4 US metropolitan areas between 2009 and 2015. We calculated incidences among neonates (0-30 days old), infants (0-364 days old), and noninfant children (1-19 years old), documented their clinical features and antifungal drug resistance...
March 7, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
Justine Dol, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Gail Tomblin Murphy, Megan Aston, Douglas McMillan, Brianna Richardson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to evaluate the impact of the Helping Babies Survive program on neonatal outcomes and healthcare provider knowledge and skills. INTRODUCTION: The Helping Babies Survive program consists of three modules: Helping Babies Breathe, Essential Care for Every Baby, and Essential Care for Small Babies. It was developed to reduce preventable newborn deaths through skill-based learning using simulation, learning exercises, and peer-to-peer training of healthcare providers in low-resource areas...
March 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Z N Dolgun, C Inan, A S Altintas, S B Okten, C Karadag, N C Sayin
Background: Preterm birth is one of the most challenging problems in obstetric care and it is closely related to perinatal mortality and morbidity. The aim of the current study was to document our experience with preterm births and to analyze the association between perinatal variables and clinical outcomes. Methodology: In this retrospective study, data were derived from the medical records of 785 singleton preterm births delivered in the obstetrics and gynecology department of our institution...
March 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Marion Ravit, Martine Audibert, Valéry Ridde, Myriam de Loenzien, Clémence Schantz, Alexandre Dumont
Introduction: Mali and Benin introduced a user fee exemption policy focused on caesarean sections in 2005 and 2009, respectively. The objective of this study is to assess the impact of this policy on service utilisation and neonatal outcomes. We focus specifically on whether the policy differentially impacts women by education level, zone of residence and wealth quintile of the household. Methods: We use a difference-in-differences approach using two other western African countries with no fee exemption policies as the comparison group (Cameroon and Nigeria)...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Hiroo Kinami, Kiyozo Morita, Yoshihiro Ko, Gen Shinohara, Kazuhiro Hashimoto
Neonatal primary repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with absent pulmonary valve (APV) syndrome is associated with high mortality rates. Our plan involves a staged repair that avoids one-stage intracardiac repair (ICR), with a first palliation that closes the main pulmonary orifice using an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) patch, pulmonary arterioplication, and an adjustable Blalock-Taussig (BT) shunt. This strategy was used for a neonatal case with TOF/APV syndrome with hypoplastic left ventricle (LV)...
March 7, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Augustine Massawe, Hussein L Kidanto, Robert Moshiro, Edna Majaliwa, Flora Chacha, Aisa Shayo, Paschal Mdoe, Prisca Ringia, Mary Azayo, Georgina Msemo, Estomih Mduma, Hege L Ersdal, Jeffrey M Perlman
BACKGROUND: Preterm neonatal mortality (NM) has remained high and unchanged for many years in Tanzania, a resource-limited country. Major causes of mortality include birth asphyxia, respiratory insufficiency and infections. Antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) have been shown to significantly reduce mortality in developed countries. There is inconsistent use of ACS in Tanzania. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether implementation of a care bundle that includes ACS, maternal antibiotics (MA), neonatal antibiotics (NA) and avoidance of moderate hypothermia (temperature < 36°C) targeting infants of estimated gestational age (EGA) 28 to 34 6/7 weeks would reduce NM (< 7 days) by 35%...
2018: PloS One
Rowena L McMullan, Adrienne Gordon
BACKGROUND: Late-onset sepsis is associated with increased rates of mortality and morbidity in newborn infants, in addition to poorer long-term developmental outcomes and increased length of stay and hospital costs. Central line-associated blood stream infection (CLABSI) is the most common cause of late-onset sepsis in hospitalised infants, and prevention of CLABSI is a key objective in neonatal care. Increased frequency of CLABSI around the time of removal of central venous catheters (CVCs) has been reported, and use of antibiotics at the time of removal may reduce the incidence and impact of late-onset sepsis in vulnerable newborn infants...
March 7, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
M A Almeida, E Araujo Júnior, L Camano, A B Peixoto, W P Martins, R Mattar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of, indications of, and maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality rates in cesarean sections in a private health service in Brazil. DESIGN: Retrospective and observational study. SETTING: Private health service in Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil. METHODS: The patients were interviewed using a structured questionnaire to determine maternal age, gestational age at the time of delivery, number of previous deliveries, type of delivery performed, duration of labor, indications for cesarean delivery, point at which cesarean section was performed, physician responsible for delivery, and maternal morbidity, fetal morbidity, and fetal mortality rates...
2018: Ceská Gynekologie
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