keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

palliative care and brain cancer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739453/spontaneous-renal-hemorrhage-secondary-to-choriocarcinoma-in-a-man-with-congenital-hypospadias-and-cryptorchidism-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Yi Li, Gang Chen, Han Chen, Shuang Wen, Chao-Yu Xiong, Zi-Yi Yang, Yun-Xiao Zhu, Nathan Jeffreys
BACKGROUND: Choriocarcinoma is a rare malignant germ-cell tumour, most commonly found in adult women. It infrequently presents as spontaneous renal haemorrhage (SRH). Genital malformation and SRH secondary to choriocarcinoma has previously been only reported in females. We present what we believe to be the first case of a male patient with genital malformation (hypospadias and cryptorchidism) and SRH at presentation of choriocarcinoma. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old man presented to the department with intense pain in the right flank region and lower back...
May 8, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650833/-a-case-of-local-recurrence-of-descending-colon-cancer-with-ileus-obstruction-and-lung-liver-and-brain-metastasis
#2
Ryouichi Tomita, Shigeru Fujisaki, Kenichi Sakurai, Takeo Azuhata, Yuko Takamoto
We report a 50-year-old man with local recurrence of descending colon cancer with ileus obstruction and brain metastasis, 2 years 6 months after initial resection due to perforation of descending colon cancer(Hartmann procedure, D2 lymph node resection, Stage II, tub2). He complained of left upper abdominal pain and abdominal fullness. He also complained of paresis of the right upper extremity and of experiencing convulsions 1 month before admission. He was diagnosed with local recurrence of descending colon cancer, based on findings of contrast radiography and the presence of colonic fiber...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620556/parent-perspectives-of-receiving-early-information-about-palliative-and-end-of-life-care-options-from-their-child-s-pediatric-providers
#3
Verna L Hendricks-Ferguson, Joan E Haase
BACKGROUND: Parents of children diagnosed with cancer may experience decision regret about cancer treatment decisions and dissatisfaction with the perceived clarity in information received from their child's providers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe parental perspectives about receiving an early palliative care and end-of-life (PC/EOL) communication intervention titled "Communication Plan: Early through End of Life Intervention" (COMPLETE) from an interprofessional team of physician and registered nurse providers...
April 3, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507849/exceptional-eight-year-response-to-stereotactic-radiosurgery-monotherapy-for-multiple-brain-metastases
#4
Ronny Kalash, Phillip M Pifer, Sushil Beriwal, Scott M Glaser, John A Vargo, Dwight E Heron
Breast cancer represents the second leading cause of brain metastases in women. Once diagnosed, brain metastases have been associated with a rapidly progressive and universally poor prognosis. Breast cancer patients, particularly those with advantageous disease characteristics, may achieve extended survival. This extended life expectancy highlights the importance of effective intracranial treatments that minimize treatment-related late toxicity. Whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) remains a standard of care palliative option; however, concerns remain regarding the late neurocognitive effects...
December 29, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404305/profile-of-patients-undergoing-palliative-radiotherapy-a-single-institute-study-from-a-tertiary-care-oncology-center
#5
Virender Suhag, B S Sunita, Pankaj Vats, Nilotpal Chakravarty, Mayuri Jain, Rekha S Vashisht
Background: Palliative radiotherapy (PRT) plays a significant role in the palliation of symptoms in patients with cancer and constitutes nearly 50% of the workload in different settings. Aims: The aim is to study patient-, disease-, and treatment-related characteristics in locoregionally advanced and metastatic malignancies meriting palliative management. Setting and Design: This was a retrospective observational study in a tertiary care government institute with academic and research potential...
October 2017: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368644/differences-in-do-not-resuscitate-orders-hospice-care-utilization-and-late-referral-to-hospice-care-between-cancer-and-non-cancer-decedents-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-taiwan-between-2010-and-2015-a-hospital-based-observational-study
#6
Tzu-Chien Shih, Hsiao-Ting Chang, Ming-Hwai Lin, Chun-Ku Chen, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shinn-Jang Hwang
BACKGROUND: In 2009, the Taiwanese national health insurance system substantially expanded hospice coverage for terminal cancer patients to include patients with end-stage brain, dementia, heart, lung, liver, and kidney diseases. This study aimed to evaluate differences in do-not-resuscitate (DNR) status and hospice care utilization between terminal cancer patients and advanced non-cancer patients after the policy change. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Death and Hospice Palliative Care Database of Taipei Veterans General Hospital in Taiwan...
January 24, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229506/the-population-benefit-of-evidence-based-radiotherapy-5-year-local-control-and-overall-survival-benefits
#7
T P Hanna, J Shafiq, G P Delaney, S K Vinod, S R Thompson, M B Barton
BACKGROUND: To describe the population benefit of radiotherapy in a high-income setting if evidence-based guidelines were routinely followed. METHODS: Australian decision tree models were utilized. Radiotherapy alone (RT) benefit was defined as the absolute proportional benefit of radiotherapy compared with no treatment for radical indications, and of radiotherapy over surgery alone for adjuvant indications. Chemoradiotherapy (CRT) benefit was the absolute incremental benefit of concurrent chemoradiotherapy over RT...
February 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200118/palliative-care-end-of-life-care-and-advance-care-planning-in-neuro-oncology
#8
Tobias Walbert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite new therapeutic approaches, most patients with high-grade glioma face limited overall survival and have a high symptom burden throughout their disease trajectory, especially in the end-of-life phase. This article provides an overview of the role of palliative care in neuro-oncology. Management recommendations are made for neurologic symptoms in patients with advanced brain tumors, including headaches, nausea, and fatigue. Special attention is given to how and when to involve subspecialty palliative care and hospice services to improve symptom management during active tumor treatment and in the end-of-life phase of patients with brain tumors...
December 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191598/prospective-analysis-of-patient-reported-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-incurable-lung-cancer-treated-in-a-rapid-access-clinic
#9
Shilo Lefresne, Robert Olson, Rosemary Cashman, Paula Kostuik, Wei Ning Jiang, Karen Levy, Michael R Mckenzie, Ann Hulstyn, Mitchell Liu, Jonn Wu, Eric Berthelet
INTRODUCTION: The Vancouver Rapid Access (VARA) clinic was designed to provide palliative radiotherapy and holistic care to patients with incurable lung cancer. Analysis of the pilot phase demonstrated improved radiotherapy wait-times and access to supportive services compared to standard practice. This study aims to prospectively assess the impact of the clinic on patient reported symptoms and quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patient assessments are completed at baseline and by a telephone follow up four-weeks later using Likert scales adapted from the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (scale 0-10) and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer questionnaires (scale 1-4)...
October 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054899/lung-adenocarcinoma-metastastic-lesion-in-the-internal-auditory-meatus
#10
Eugene Hung Chih Wong, Daniel Bodmer, Nora Tetter, Yves Brand
Metastasis to the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) or internal auditory meatus (IAM) is rare.We report a rare case of a 69-year-old woman with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma, who presented with 2 weeks history of left-sided hearing loss and progressively worsening vertigo. Examination revealed a left-sided facial nerve palsy while pure tone audiometry (PTA) showed a new left-sided deafness. MRI showed a new enhancing soft tissue lesion in the left IAM, highly suspicious of new metastases from her progressive lung cancer, which contributed to her neuro-otological symptoms...
October 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984492/prognostic-factors-affecting-survival-after-whole-brain-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-brain-metastasized-lung-cancer
#11
Georgios Tsakonas, Fatou Hellman, Michael Gubanski, Signe Friesland, Salomon Tendler, Rolf Lewensohn, Simon Ekman, Luigi de Petris
BACKGROUND: Whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) has been the standard of care for multiple NSCLC brain metastases but due to its toxicity and lack of survival benefit, its use in the palliative setting is being questioned. PATIENT AND METHODS: This was a single institution cohort study including brain metastasized lung cancer patients who received WBRT at Karolinska University Hospital. Information about Recursive Partitioning Analysis (RPA) and Graded Prognostic Assessment (GPA) scores, demographics, histopathological results and received oncological therapy were collected...
February 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981331/introduction
#12
Claire Ryan
Metastatic breast cancer (MBC), also known as secondary breast cancer (SBC), occurs when cells from the primary breast tumour metastasise from the breast to other parts of the body via the blood or lymphatic systems. The disease may range from limited bone metastases to widespread and life-threatening metastases in visceral organs such as the liver, lung and brain (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), 2009; 2014). MBC is incurable, and the primary goal of treatment is to extend life and palliate symptoms, while preserving quality of life (NICE, 2009; 2014)...
September 5, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971065/preclinical-modeling-and-therapeutic-avenues-for-cancer-metastasis-to-the-central-nervous-system
#13
REVIEW
Mohini Singh, David Bakhshinyan, Chitra Venugopal, Sheila K Singh
Metastasis is the dissemination of cells from the primary tumor to other locations within the body, and continues to be the predominant cause of death among cancer patients. Metastatic progression within the adult central nervous system is 10 times more frequent than primary brain tumors. Metastases affecting the brain parenchyma and leptomeninges are associated with grave prognosis, and even after successful control of the primary tumor the median survival is a dismal 2-3 months with treatment options typically limited to palliative care...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868193/cervical-cancer-metastasis-to-the-brain-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#14
REVIEW
Kaleigh Fetcko, Dibson D Gondim, Jose M Bonnin, Mahua Dey
BACKGROUND: Intracranial metastasis from cervical cancer is a rare occurrence. METHODS: In this study we describe a case of cervical cancer metastasis to the brain and perform an extensive review of literature from 1956 to 2016, to characterize clearly the clinical presentation, treatment options, molecular markers, targeted therapies, and survival of patients with this condition. RESULTS: An elderly woman with history of cervical cancer in remission, presented 2 years later with a right temporo-parietal tumor, which was treated with surgery and subsequent stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) to the resection cavity...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853208/clinical-outcomes-and-toxicity-following-palliative-radiotherapy-for-childhood-cancers
#15
Kimberley S Mak, Stephanie W Lee, Tracy A Balboni, Karen J Marcus
BACKGROUND: Few reports of palliative radiotherapy (RT) for pedialltric malignancies have been published. We described clinical indications, outcomes, and toxicities for children who received palliative RT. PROCEDURE: Pediatric patients (age ≤18 years) treated with palliative RT for incurable cancer from January 1 2008 to February 26, 2014 were included. Diagnosis, details of RT, treatment response, toxicity, and survival were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Forty-six patients received 76 RT courses...
January 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622477/an-examination-of-factors-affecting-the-length-of-stay-in-a-palliative-care-center
#16
Metin Dincer, Kadriye Kahveci, Cihan Doger
BACKGROUND: With the increase in elderly population, life-threatening chronic diseases are increasing, simultaneously increasing the need for palliative care centers (PCCs). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the factors affecting the length of stay (LOS) and discharge of patients from a PCC. METHODS: A retrospective scan was made of the records of patients followed up in the PCC between January 2013 and March 2016. A record was made of patient age, gender, diagnosis, conditions/comorbidities, Glasgow Coma Scale, Karnofsky Performance Scale, LOS, prognosis (exitus or surviving), percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG), tracheostomy, mechanical ventilator, nutrition (total parenteral nutrition [TPN] or enteral nutrition), and the results of cultures taken during stay in PCCs (blood, tracheal aspirate, urine, rectal swab, wound)...
January 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341318/online-palliative-care-and-oncology-patient-education-resources-through-google-do-they-meet-national-health-literacy-recommendations
#17
Arpan V Prabhu, Tudor Crihalmeanu, David R Hansberry, Nitin Agarwal, Christine Glaser, David A Clump, Dwight E Heron, Sushil Beriwal
PURPOSE: The Google search engine is a resource commonly used by patients to access health-related patient education information. The American Medical Association and National Institutes of Health recommend that patient education resources be written at a level between the third and seventh grade reading levels. We assessed the readability levels of online palliative care patient education resources using 10 readability algorithms widely accepted in the medical literature. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In October 2016, searches were conducted for 10 individual terms pertaining to palliative care and oncology using the Google search engine; the first 10 articles written for the public for each term were downloaded for a total of 100 articles...
September 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330507/is-admittance-to-specialised-palliative-care-among-cancer-patients-related-to-sex-age-and-cancer-diagnosis-a-nation-wide-study-from-the-danish-palliative-care-database-dpd
#18
Mathilde Adsersen, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Anders Bonde Jensen, Mette Asbjoern Neergaard, Per Sjøgren, Mogens Groenvold
BACKGROUND: Specialised palliative care (SPC) takes place in specialised services for patients with complex symptoms and problems. Little is known about what determines the admission of patients to SPC and whether there are differences in relation to institution type. The aims of the study were to investigate whether cancer patients' admittance to SPC in Denmark varied in relation to sex, age and diagnosis, and whether the patterns differed by type of institution (hospital-based palliative care team/unit, hospice, or both)...
March 23, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302996/spinal-cord-ischemia-secondary-to-epidural-metastasis-from-small-cell-lung-carcinoma
#19
Hirotoshi Yasui, Naoya Ozawa, Satoshi Mikami, Kenji Shimizu, Takahiro Hatta, Nami Makino, Mayu Fukushima, Satoshi Baba, Yasushi Makino
BACKGROUND Spinal cord ischemia is an uncommon event that is mainly caused by dissociation of the ascending aorta as a complication after aortic surgery. Spinal arteries can develop collateral circulation; therefore, the frequency of spinal infarction is about 1% of that in the brain. Few cases of spinal cord ischemia developing in the course of lung cancer have been reported. CASE REPORT We presented the case of a 56-year-old man with small cell lung carcinoma, cT4N2M1a (stage IV). He was treated with irradiation and 2 courses of platinum and etoposide combination chemotherapy...
March 17, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290769/sequencing-brain-metastases-and-opportunities-for-targeted-therapies
#20
Ugonma N Chukwueke, Priscilla K Brastianos
CNS metastases have long been recognized as a common and late complication of systemic malignancies. They represent the most common tumor of the brain. As outcomes and overall survival improve with better tolerated and more durable responses from therapies for systemic cancers, the incidence and prevalence of brain metastases is likely to increase. Among the most common systemic cancers leading to brain metastases include lung, melanoma, breast (triple-negative histology) and renal cell cancers. To date, there has been infrequent involvement of gastrointestinal and gynecologic malignancies; however, this may also change, reflecting improvement in overall survival and therapeutic regimens...
March 14, 2017: Pharmacogenomics
keyword
keyword
115771
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"