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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800763/causes-trends-and-severity-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-ghana
#1
Eric Lawer Torgbenu, Emmanuel K Nakua, Henry Kyei, Eric Badu, Maxwell Peprah Opoku
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal [MSK] injuries are common causes of long-term pain and physical disability which affect many people worldwide. The economic and social impacts on the individual, society and national health systems are enormous making a matter of public health concern. Therefore, this study examined the causes and extent of MSK injuries in a referral hospital in Ghana. METHODS: A prospective study design with consecutive sampling method was used to recruit patients admitted at Trauma Unit as well as those receiving orthopaedic reviews at St...
August 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800354/explaining-attrition-and-decreased-effectiveness-of-experienced-teachers-a-research-synthesis
#2
Marjolein Torenbeek, Velibor Peters
BACKGROUND: Teacher retention and development of the full potential of teachers is important at a national level in order to be able to belong to the top world economies. A number of studies suggests that part of the group of experienced teachers with more than 20 years of experience perform didactically at a lower level than would be expected and are at a greater risk for attrition. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to find explanations for this by making use of the Job Demands Resources Model...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800116/maintaining-traditions-a-qualitative-study-of-early-childhood-caries-risk-and-protective-factors-in-an-indigenous-community
#3
Ana Levin, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez, Anita Hargrave, Elizabeth Funsch, Kristin S Hoeft
In lower middle-income economies (LMIE), the nutrition transition from traditional diets to sugary foods and beverages has contributed to widespread early childhood dental caries. This qualitative study explores perceived risk and protective factors, and overall experiences of early childhood nutrition and oral health in indigenous Ecuadorian families participating in a community-based oral health and nutrition intervention. Dental exams of 698 children age 6 months through 6 years determined each child's caries burden...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799642/olive-tree-olea-europaea-l-leaf-as-a-waste-by-product-of-table-olive-and-olive-oil-industry-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Selin Şahin, Mehmet Bilgin
Researches into finding new uses for by-products of table olive and olive oil industry are of great value not only to the economy, but also to the environment where olives are grown and to the human health. Since leaves represent around 10% of the total weight of olives arriving to the mill, it is worth obtaining high added-value compounds from those materials for the preparation of dietary supplements, nutraceuticals, functional food ingredients or cosmeceuticals. In this review article, olive tree (Olea europaea L...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799488/environment-and-neurodegenerative-diseases-an-update-on-mirna-role
#5
Margherita Ferrante, Gea Oliveri Conti
INTRODUCTION: The importance of neurodegenerative diseases on the management of public health is growing and the real role of the environment and miRNA in their occurrence is still unclear. miRNA can affect significantly the regulatory network. The complex variety and gene-regulatory capacity of miRNAs is particularly valuable in the brain, being a very complex organ with a functional specialization of neurons highly adaptable to environmental stimuli. In particular a miRNAs role is demonstrated in neurological diseases as the effect to toxic and mutagenic substances exposure by the environment...
August 11, 2017: MicroRNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796563/indirect-costs-of-diabetes-and-its-impact-on-the-public-finance-the-case-of-poland
#6
Andrzej Torój, Aneta Mela
BACKGROUND: Growing public and private expenditure on healthcare results i.a. from the spreading of chronic diseases. Diabetes belongs to the most frequent ones, beyond neoplasms and cardiological diseases, and hence generates a significant burden for the public finance in terms of the direct costs, leading e.g. to the occurrence of opportunity cost of missed public investment. However, the economy suffers also from the indirect cost of diabetes that manifests itself in the loss in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and general government revenues...
August 10, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792610/professional-identity-and-the-clinical-research-nurse-a-qualitative-study-exploring-issues-impacting-on-participant-recruitment-in-research
#7
Linda Tinkler, Victoria Smith, Yan Yiannakou, Lisa Robinson
AIM: To explore the experiences of Clinical Research Nurses, with an emphasis on factors that may have an impact on successful study delivery. BACKGROUND: The Clinical Research Nurse workforce is pivotal to improving health outcomes through supporting research-active health economies. Investment in research infrastructure has led to nurses and midwives increasingly undertaking extended roles to deliver clinical research. Despite such opportunities, the recruitment of sufficient participants into research studies remains problematic...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792519/dominance-and-leadership-in-research-activities-collaboration-between-countries-of-differing-human-development-is-reflected-through-authorship-order-and-designation-as-corresponding-authors-in-scientific-publications
#8
Gregorio González-Alcaide, Jinseo Park, Charles Huamaní, José M Ramos
INTRODUCTION: Scientific collaboration is an important mechanism that enables the integration of the least developed countries into research activities. In the present study, we use the order of author signatures and addresses for correspondence in scientific publications as variables to analyze the interactions between countries of very high (VHHD), high (HHD), medium (MHD), and low human development (LHD). METHODOLOGY: We identified all documents published between 2011 and 2015 in journals included in the Science Citation Index-Expanded categories' of Tropical Medicine, Infectious Diseases, Parasitology, and Pediatrics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791843/ductal-carcinomas-in-situ-and-invasive-cancers-detected-on-screening-mammography-cost-effectiveness-of-initial-and-subsequent-rounds-of-population-based-program-2007-2014
#9
Bartłomiej Szynglarewicz, Rafał Matkowski
BACKGROUND: Potential benefits of screening need to be carefully balanced against the financial burden for the national health care system. OBJECTIVES: To assess the cost-effectiveness of population-based mammographic screening in the 3-million region of Lower Silesia (Poland) after initial and 3 subsequent rounds. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data was collected in a prospective manner using the databases of the official computer system for the monitoring of prophylaxis programs (SIMP), National Health Fund (Lower Silesia Regional Branch) and the Lower Silesia Cancer Registry...
March 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783111/nutritional-guidelines-and-fermented-food-frameworks
#10
Victoria Bell, Jorge Ferrão, Tito Fernandes
This review examines different nutritional guidelines, some case studies, and provides insights and discrepancies, in the regulatory framework of Food Safety Management of some of the world's economies. There are thousands of fermented foods and beverages, although the intention was not to review them but check their traditional and cultural value, and if they are still lacking to be classed as a category on different national food guides. For understanding the inconsistencies in claims of concerning fermented foods among various regulatory systems, each legal system should be considered unique...
August 7, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782121/rift-valley-fever-virus-and-european-mosquitoes-vector-competence-of-culex-pipiens-and-stegomyia-albopicta-%C3%A2-aedes-albopictus
#11
M Brustolin, S Talavera, A Nuñez, C Santamaría, R Rivas, N Pujol, M Valle, M Verdún, A Brun, N Pagès, N Busquets
Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a mosquito-borne disease caused by the Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV). Rift Valley fever affects a large number of species, including human, and has severe impact on public health and the economy, especially in African countries. The present study examined the vector competence of three different European mosquito species, Culex pipiens (Linnaeus, 1758) form molestus (Diptera: Culicidae), Culex pipiens hybrid form and Stegomyia albopicta (= Aedes albopictus) (Skuse, 1894) (Diptera: Culicidae)...
August 7, 2017: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780268/chlorella-minutissima-cultivation-with-co2-and-pentoses-effects-on-kinetic-and-nutritional-parameters
#12
B C B Freitas, M G Morais, J A V Costa
CO2 emissions and the large quantity of lignocellulosic waste generated by industrialized nations constitute problems that may affect human health as well as the global economy. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of using CO2 and pentoses on the growth, protein profile, carbohydrate content and potential ethanol production by fermentation of Chlorella minutissima biomass. CO2 and pentose supplementation can induce changes in the microalgal protein profile. A biomass production of 1.84g.L(-1) and a CO2 biofixation rate of 274...
July 25, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777656/affect-and-the-really-real-the-politics-of-hiv-aids-framing-in-south-african-theater
#13
Jessica S Ruthven
Funding in South Africa privileges HIV prevention campaigns underpinned by individual behavior change goals, despite over two decades of intervention but little reduction in national HIV prevalence. In response, civil society has begun calling for innovative interventions and ways of speaking about the epidemic. Employing framing theory, I analyze differences in how HIV/AIDS is characterized in public media and interrogate the knowledge politics underpinning a group of artists' emerging attention to the nexus of affect, intersubjectivity, and epidemics within performance...
August 4, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776874/overall-and-domain-specific-life-satisfaction-when-living-with-familial-alzheimer-s-disease-risk-a-quantitative-approach
#14
Mette Bergman, Caroline Graff, Maria Eriksdotter, Marja Schuster, Kerstin S Fugl-Meyer
In this study, we explored life satisfaction and sense of coherence in relation to biopsychosocial variables in individuals at risk for the development of familial Alzheimer's disease. Forty nine individuals (response rate: 96%) were interviewed. Life satisfaction was found to be high for the majority of participants. Those who were older than the expected age of onset of disease, those <6 years' inclusion in the Familial Alzheimer's disease biomarker study, and males tended to experience positive psychological health...
August 4, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774101/conversion-of-biowaste-asian-hard-clam-meretrix-lusoria-shells-into-white-emitting-phosphors-for-use-in-neutral-white-leds
#15
Tsung-Yuan Chang, Chih-Min Wang, Tai-Yuan Lin, Hsiu-Mei Lin
The increasing volume and complexity of waste associated with the modern economy poses a serious risk to ecosystems and human health. However, the remanufacturing and recycling of waste into usable products can lead to substantial resource savings. In the present study, clam shell waste was first transformed into pure and well-crystallized single-phase white light-emitting phosphor Ca₉Gd(PO₄)₇:Eu(2+),Mn(2+) materials. The phosphor Ca₉Gd(PO₄)₇:Eu(2+),Mn(2+) materials were synthesized by the solid-state reaction method and the carbothermic reduction process, and then characterized and analyzed by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD) and photoluminescence (PL) measurements...
December 2, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768610/behavior-change-techniques-in-physical-activity-ehealth-interventions-for-people-with-cardiovascular-disease-systematic-review
#16
Orlaith Mairead Duff, Deirdre Mj Walsh, Bróna A Furlong, Noel E O'Connor, Kieran A Moran, Catherine B Woods
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of premature death and disability in Europe, accounting for 4 million deaths per year and costing the European Union economy almost €196 billion annually. There is strong evidence to suggest that exercise-based secondary rehabilitation programs can decrease the mortality risk and improve health among patients with CVD. Theory-informed use of behavior change techniques (BCTs) is important in the design of cardiac rehabilitation programs aimed at changing cardiovascular risk factors...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768495/exploring-the-determinants-of-health-and-wellbeing-in-communities-living-in-proximity-to-coal-seam-gas-developments-in-regional-queensland
#17
Fiona Mactaggart, Liane McDermott, Anna Tynan, Christian A Gericke
BACKGROUND: There is some concern that coal seam gas mining may affect health and wellbeing through changes in social determinants such as living and working conditions, local economy and the environment. The onward impact of these conditions on health and wellbeing is often not monitored to the same degree as direct environmental health impacts in the mining context, but merits attention. This study reports on the findings from a recurrent theme that emerged from analysis of the qualitative component of a comprehensive Health Needs Assessment (HNA) conducted in regional Queensland: that health and wellbeing of communities was reportedly affected by nearby coal seam gas (CSG) development beyond direct environmental impacts...
August 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765465/projecting-the-demand-for-dental-care-in-2040
#18
Richard J Manski, Chad D Meyerhoefer
The purpose of this study was to provide a forward-thinking assessment of the underlying factors likely to impact trends in dental care demand and the need for dental providers in 2020, 2025, and beyond. Dental workforce trends and their likely impact on the need for dentists are a function of predicted dental care demand, which will in turn be determined by the size and characteristics of our population size, economic outlook, the state of public and private dental care insurance, trends in dental care delivery, professionally determined dental care need, and population health beliefs...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760009/hiv-positive-pregnant-women-attending-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-aids-pmtct-services-in-ethiopia-economic-productivity-losses-across-urban-rural-settings
#19
Elias Asfaw Zegeye, Josue Mbonigaba, Sylvia Blanche Kaye
HIV/AIDS impacts significantly on pregnant women and on children in Ethiopia. This impact has a multiplier effect on household economies and on productivity losses, and is expected to vary across rural and urban settings. Applying the human capital approach to data collected from 131 respondents, this study estimated productivity losses per HIV-positive pregnant woman-infant pair across urban and rural health facilities in Ethiopia, which in turn were used to estimate the national productivity loss. The study found that the annual productivity loss per woman-infant pair was Ethiopian birr (ETB) 7,433 or United States dollar (US$) 378 and ETB 625 (US$ 32) in urban and rural settings, respectively...
July 31, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757465/mini-encyclopaedia-of-the-wound-healing-opportunities-for-integrating-multi-omic-approaches-into-medical-practice
#20
Lara Stolzenburg-Veeser, Olga Golubnitschaja
Wound healing is a highly complex life-important repair process triggered by plenty of local and/or systemic organ and tissue damaging events, such as an acute surgical invasion, accidental organ and tissue damages, acute and chronic diseases, aggressive local and systemic therapeutic approaches (e.g. irradiation and systemic chemotherapy). Individual health condition determines over the quality of wound healing. Impaired wound healing, in turn, may lead, for example, to post-surgical complications frequently observed in elderly, chronic ulcers in diabetic patients, hindered and ineffective pain management, etc...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
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