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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099526/executive-functioning-in-men-with-schizophrenia-and-substance-use-disorders-influence-of-lifetime-suicide-attempts
#1
Ana Adan, Maria Del Mar Capella, Gemma Prat, Diego A Forero, Silvia López-Vera, José Francisco Navarro
BACKGROUND: Lifetime suicide attempts in patients with comorbidity between psychotic disorders and Substance Use Disorder (SUD), known as dual diagnosis, was associated with a worse clinical and cognitive state, poor prognosis and premature death. However, to date no previous study has examined the cognitive performance of these patients considering as independent the presence or absence of lifetime suicide attempts. METHODS: We explore executive functioning differences between suicide attempters and non-attempters in dual schizophrenia (DS) patients and the possible related factors for both executive performance and current suicide risk...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097860/emergency-endoscopic-consensus-2016-executive-summary
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095040/consensus-statement-by-the-american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-on-the-comprehensive-type-2-diabetes-management-algorithm-2017-executive-summary
#3
Alan J Garber, Martin J Abrahamson, Joshua I Barzilay, Lawrence Blonde, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Michael A Bush, Samuel Dagogo-Jack, Ralph A DeFronzo, Daniel Einhorn, Vivian A Fonseca, Jeffrey R Garber, W Timothy Garvey, George Grunberger, Yehuda Handelsman, Irl B Hirsch, Paul S Jellinger, Janet B McGill, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Paul D Rosenblit, Guillermo E Umpierrez
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This algorithm for the comprehensive management of persons with type 2 diabetes (T2D) was developed to provide clinicians with a practical guide that considers the whole patient, their spectrum of risks and complications, and evidence-based approaches to treatment. It is now clear that the progressive pancreatic beta-cell defect that drives the deterioration of metabolic control over time begins early and may be present before the diagnosis of diabetes (1). In addition to advocating glycemic control to reduce microvascular complications, this document highlights obesity and prediabetes as underlying risk factors for the development of T2D and associated macrovascular complications...
January 17, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075417/enriching-mental-health-mobile-assessment-and-intervention-with-situation-awareness
#4
Ariel Soares Teles, Artur Rocha, Francisco José da Silva E Silva, João Correia Lopes, Donal O'Sullivan, Pepijn Van de Ven, Markus Endler
Current mobile devices allow the execution of sophisticated applications with the capacity for identifying the user situation, which can be helpful in treatments of mental disorders. In this paper, we present SituMan, a solution that provides situation awareness to MoodBuster, an ecological momentary assessment and intervention mobile application used to request self-assessments from patients in depression treatments. SituMan has a fuzzy inference engine to identify patient situations using context data gathered from the sensors embedded in mobile devices...
January 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069681/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-sustained-neuromuscular-blockade-in-the-adult-critically-ill-patient-2016-update-executive-summary
#5
Michael J Murray, Heidi F DeBlock, Brian L Erstad, Anthony W Gray, Judith Jacobi, Ché J Jordan, William T McGee, Claire McManus, Maureen O Meade, Sean A Nix, Andrew J Patterson, Karen Sands, Richard M Pino, Ann N Tescher, Richard Arbour, Bram Rochwerg, Catherine Friederich Murray, Sangeeta Mehta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060216/executive-summary-the-zika-virus
#6
V Susan Carroll
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049167/executive-summary-2017-ers-ats-standards-for-single-breath-carbon-monoxide-uptake%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-the-lung
#7
Brian L Graham, Vito Brusasco, Felip Burgos, Brendan G Cooper, Robert Jensen, Adrian Kendrick, Neil R MacIntyre, Bruce R Thompson, Jack Wanger
This document summarises an update to the European Respiratory Society (ERS)/American Thoracic Society (ATS) technical standards for single-breath carbon monoxide uptake in the lung that was last updated in 2005. The full standards are also available online as https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.00016-2016 The major changes in these technical standards relate to DLCO measurement with systems using rapidly responding gas analysers for carbon monoxide and the tracer gas, which are now the most common type of DLCO instrumentation being manufactured...
January 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047495/su-f-e-15-initial-experience-implementing-a-case-method-teaching-approach-to-radiation-oncology-physics-residents-graduate-students-and-doctorate-of-medical-physics-students
#8
A Gutierrez
PURPOSE: Case Method Teaching approach is a teaching tool used commonly in business school to challenge students with real-world situations-i.e. CASES: The students are placed in the role of the decision maker and have to provide a solution based on the multitude of information provided. Specifically, students must develop an ability to quickly make sense of a complex problem, provide a solution incorporating all of the objectives (at time conflicting) and constraints, and communicate that solution in a succinct, professional and effective manner...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047325/su-f-t-95-an-automatic-data-verification-method-during-an-eclipse-aria-version-upgrade-using-cryptographic-secure-hash-algorithm
#9
Z Xu, J Baker, S Ryu
PURPOSE: To develop an efficient way to verify that patient plan and dose information does not change during an Eclipse/Aria database version upgrade. METHODS: Eclipse Scripting Application Programming Interface (ESAPI) was used to create a script to retrieve plan information from the Eclipse database before and after the database upgrade for each patient on treatment. Using Cryptographic Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA256), fixed length digest hash values are generated from the plan parameters for each patient...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044062/opening-up-the-dna-methylome-of-dementia
#10
R Delgado-Morales, M Esteller
Dementia is a complex clinical condition characterized by several cognitive impairments that interfere with patient independence in executing everyday tasks. Various neurodegenerative disorders have dementia in common among their clinical manifestations. In addition, these diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies and frontotemporal dementia, share molecular alterations at the neuropathological level. In recent years, the field of neuroepigenetics has expanded massively and it is now clear that epigenetic processes, such as DNA methylation, are mechanisms involved in both normal and pathological brain function...
January 3, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025066/executive-summary-trends-in-u-s-cardiovascular-care-2016-report-from-4-acc-national-cardiovascular-data-registries
#11
Frederick A Masoudi, Angelo Ponirakis, James A de Lemos, James G Jollis, Mark Kremers, John C Messenger, John W M Moore, Issam Moussa, William J Oetgen, Paul D Varosy, Robert N Vincent, Jessica Wei, Jeptha P Curtis, Matthew T Roe, John A Spertus
The National Cardiovascular Data Registries (NCDR) of the American College of Cardiology consists of ten national programs designed to measure quality of care for high impact cardiovascular conditions and procedures. The NCDR provides feedback with benchmarking of a broad range of quality metrics to participants; supports quality improvement interventions at the local and national level; and serves as the basis for cardiovascular health services and epidemiology research that informs contemporary clinical care...
December 20, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017477/executive-summary-of-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-urinary-tract-infection-guidelines-of-the-spanish-society-of-clinical-microbiology-and-infectious-diseases-seimc
#12
Marina de Cueto, Luis Aliaga, Juan-Ignacio Alós, Andres Canut, Ibai Los-Arcos, Jose Antonio Martínez, Jose Mensa, Vicente Pintado, Dolors Rodriguez-Pardo, Jose Ramon Yuste, Carles Pigrau
Most urinary tract infections (UTI) are uncomplicated infections occurring in young women. An extensive evaluation is not required in the majority of cases, and they can be safely managed as outpatients with oral antibiotics. Escherichia coli is by far the most common uropathogen, accounting for >80% of all cases. Other major clinical problems associated with UTI include asymptomatic bacteriuria, and patients with complicated UTI. Complicated UTIs are a heterogeneous group associated with conditions that increase the risk of acquiring infection or treatment failure...
December 22, 2016: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007359/neurocognitive-function-in-patients-with-residual-excessive-sleepiness-from-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-prospective-controlled-study
#13
Ksdy S Werli, Leonardo J Otuyama, Paulo H Bertolucci, Camila F Rizzi, Christian Guilleminault, Sergio Tufik, Dalva Poyares
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate neurocognitive function in adult patients with residual excessive sleepiness (RES) after appropriate treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with CPAP and good adherence to treatment. METHODS: This was a prospective controlled study. We included patients of both sexes, aged 35-60 years with OSA and an apnea-hypopnea index >20 ev/h, effectively treated with CPAP, but with a residual Epworth Sleepiness Scale score ≥11...
October 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002175/executive-summary-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-best-practice-guideline-for-care-of-patients-with-a-fecal-diversion
#14
Debbie Miller, Emily Pearsall, Debra Johnston, Monica Frecea, Marg McKenzie
Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) is a multimodal program developed to decrease postoperative complications, improve patient safety and satisfaction, and promote early discharge. In the province of Ontario, Canada, a standardized approach to the care of adult patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery (including benign and malignant diseases) was adopted by 15 hospitals in March 2013. All colorectal surgery patients with or without an ostomy were included in the ERAS program targeting a length of stay of 3 days for colon surgery and 4 days for rectal surgery...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982266/iii-sbc-guidelines-on-the-analysis-and-issuance-of-electrocardiographic-reports-executive-summary
#15
Carlos Alberto Pastore, Nelson Samesima, Horacio Gomes Pereira-Filho
The third version of the guidelines covers recently described topics, such as ion channel diseases, acute ischemic changes, the electrocardiogram in athletes, and analysis of ventricular repolarization. It sought to revise the criteria for overloads, conduction disorders, and analysis of data for internet transmission. Resumo A terceira versão das diretrizes aborda tópicos recentemente descritos, como as doenças dos canais iônicos, alterações isquêmicas agudas, o eletrocardiograma dos atletas e análise da repolarização ventricular...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965571/increase-of-eeg-spectral-theta-power-indicates-higher-risk-of-the-development-of-severe-cognitive-decline-in-parkinson-s-disease-after-3-years
#16
Vitalii V Cozac, Menorca Chaturvedi, Florian Hatz, Antonia Meyer, Peter Fuhr, Ute Gschwandtner
Objective: We investigated quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) and clinical parameters as potential risk factors of severe cognitive decline in Parkinson's disease. Methods: We prospectively investigated 37 patients with Parkinson's disease at baseline and follow-up (after 3 years). Patients had no severe cognitive impairment at baseline. We used a summary score of cognitive tests as the outcome at follow-up. At baseline we assessed motor, cognitive, and psychiatric factors; qEEG variables [global relative median power (GRMP) spectra] were obtained by a fully automated processing of high-resolution EEG (256-channels)...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936842/comprendre-le-stade-compensatoire-de-la-maladie-d-alzheimer-et-agir-pour-promouvoir-la-cognition-et-la-plasticit%C3%A3-c%C3%A3-r%C3%A3-brale
#17
Sylvie Belleville, Benjamin Boller
Alzheimer's disease begins with a phase of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), characterized by the presence of minor symptoms that have little or no impact on functional independence. The study of patients with MCI has led to spectacular advances in understanding the prodrome of the disease. It has also produced a typical cognitive profile: an impairment of episodic memory, especially delayed recall and associative memory, deficit in executive functions or working memory and certain semantic problems. Recent studies have also examined compensatory processes that take place during the early phase of the disease...
December 2016: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931562/management-protocols-of-stable-coronary-artery-disease-in-india-executive-summary
#18
Sundeep Mishra, Saumitra Ray, Jamshed J Dalal, J P S Sawhney, S Ramakrishnan, Tiny Nair, S S Iyengar, Vinay K Bahl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921217/don-t-make-me-angry-you-wouldn-t-like-me-when-i-m-angry-volitional-choices-to-act-or-inhibit-are-modulated-by-subliminal-perception-of-emotional-faces
#19
Jim Parkinson, Sarah Garfinkel, Hugo Critchley, Zoltan Dienes, Anil K Seth
Volitional action and self-control-feelings of acting according to one's own intentions and in being control of one's own actions-are fundamental aspects of human conscious experience. However, it is unknown whether high-level cognitive control mechanisms are affected by socially salient but nonconscious emotional cues. In this study, we manipulated free choice decisions to act or withhold an action by subliminally presenting emotional faces: In a novel version of the Go/NoGo paradigm, participants made speeded button-press responses to Go targets, withheld responses to NoGo targets, and made spontaneous, free choices to execute or withhold the response for Choice targets...
December 5, 2016: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917569/distinct-intrinsic-functional-brain-network-abnormalities-in-methamphetamine-dependent-patients-with-and-without-a-history-of-psychosis
#20
Jonathan C Ipser, Anne Uhlmann, Paul Taylor, Brian H Harvey, Don Wilson, Dan J Stein
Chronic methamphetamine use is associated with executive functioning deficits that suggest dysfunctional cognitive control networks (CCNs) in the brain. Likewise, abnormal connectivity between intrinsic CCNs and default mode networks (DMNs) has also been associated with poor cognitive function in clinical populations. Accordingly, we tested the extent to which methamphetamine use predicts abnormal connectivity between these networks, and whether, as predicted, these abnormalities are compounded in patients with a history of methamphetamine-associated psychosis (MAP)...
December 5, 2016: Addiction Biology
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