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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643565/executive-summary-of-key-concepts
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642306/-global-strategy-for-the-diagnosis-management-and-prevention-of-chronic-obstructive-lung-disease-2017-report-gold-executive-summary-claus-f-vogelmeier-gerard-j-criner-fernando-j-martinez-antonio-anzueto-peter-j-barnes-jean-bourbeau-bartolome-r-celli-rongchang
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622268/nln-biennial-survey-of-schools-of-nursing-academic-year-2015-2016-executive-summary
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621247/-aria-2016-executive-summary-integrated-care-pathways-for-predictive-medicine-across-the-life-cycle
#4
Ayşe Arzu Yorgancıoğlu, Ömer Kalaycı, Cemal Cingi, Bilun Gemicioğlu, Ali Fuat Kalyoncu, Iogana Agache, Claus Bachert, Anna Bedbrook, George Walter Canonica, Thomas Casale, Alvaro Cruz, Wytsk Ej Fokkens, Peter Hellings, Boleslaw Samolinski, Jean Bousquet
The Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) initiative commenced during a World Health Organization (WHO) workshop in 1999. The initial goals were (i) to propose a new allergic rhinitis classification, (ii) to promote the concept of multi-morbidity in asthma and rhinitis and (iii) to develop guidelines with all stakeholders for global use in all countries and populations. ARIA- disseminated and implemented in over 70 countries globally- is now focusing on the implementation of emerging technologies for individualized and predictive medicine...
March 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619198/cardiovascular-disease-in-incarcerated%C3%A2-populations
#5
REVIEW
Emily A Wang, Nicole Redmond, Cheryl R Dennison Himmelfarb, Becky Pettit, Marc Stern, Jue Chen, Susan Shero, Erin Iturriaga, Paul Sorlie, Ana V Diez Roux
Currently, 2.2 million individuals are incarcerated, and more than 11 million have been released from U.S. correctional facilities. Individuals with a history of incarceration are more likely to be of racial and ethnic minority populations, poor, and have higher rates of cardiovascular risk factors, especially smoking and hypertension. Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death among incarcerated individuals, and those recently released have a higher risk of being hospitalized and dying of cardiovascular disease compared with the general population, even after accounting for differences in racial identity and socioeconomic status...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617658/rehabilitation-research-at-the-national-institutes-of-health-moving-the-field-forward-executive-summary
#6
Walter R Frontera, Jonathan F Bean, Diane Damiano, Linda Ehrlich-Jones, Melanie Fried-Oken, Alan Jette, Ranu Jung, Rick L Lieber, James F Malec, Michael J Mueller, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Keith E Tansey, Aiko Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596092/stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-for-early-stage-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-executive-summary-of-an-astro-evidence-based-guideline
#7
Gregory M M Videtic, Jessica Donington, Meredith Giuliani, John Heinzerling, Tomer Z Karas, Chris R Kelsey, Brian E Lally, Karen Latzka, Simon S Lo, Drew Moghanaki, Benjamin Movsas, Andreas Rimner, Michael Roach, George Rodrigues, Shervin M Shirvani, Charles B Simone, Robert Timmerman, Megan E Daly
PURPOSE: This guideline presents evidence-based recommendations for stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in challenging clinical scenarios in early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: The American Society for Radiation Oncology convened a task force to perform a systematic literature review on 4 key questions addressing: (1) application of SBRT to operable patients; (2) appropriate use of SBRT in tumors that are centrally located, large, multifocal, or unbiopsied; (3) individual tailoring of SBRT in "high-risk" clinical scenarios; and (4) SBRT as salvage therapy after recurrence...
June 5, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595776/filamin-a-promotes-efficient-migration-and-phagocytosis-of-neutrophil-like-hl-60-cells
#8
Heike Roth, Matthias Samereier, Daniela Begandt, Robert Pick, Melanie Salvermoser, Doris Brechtefeld, Michael Schleicher, Barbara Walzog, Annette Müller-Taubenberger
The primary defense machinery to combat inflammation involves neutrophil granulocytes which in order to execute their functions rely on the efficiency of different cellular mechanisms including adhesion, spreading, migration in different environments, and phagocytosis. These functions require an accurately regulated actin network as well as the activation and adjustment of various signaling pathways. Mammalian filamins (FLNs) comprise three highly homologous large actin-binding proteins that are obvious candidates to control these processes as FLNs have been described to play a role in migration, spreading and adhesion in a variety of different cell types...
May 27, 2017: European Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594753/opioid-use-in-pregnancy-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-and-childhood-outcomes-executive-summary-of-a-joint-workshop-by-the-eunice-kennedy-shriver-national-institute-of-child-health-and-human-development-american-college-of-obstetricians-and-gynecologists-american
#9
Uma M Reddy, Jonathan M Davis, Zhaoxia Ren, Michael F Greene
In April 2016, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development invited experts to a workshop to address numerous knowledge gaps and to review the evidence for the screening and management of opioid use in pregnancy and neonatal abstinence syndrome. The rising prevalence of opioid use in pregnancy has led to a concomitant dramatic fivefold increase in neonatal abstinence syndrome over the past decade. Experts from diverse disciplines addressed research gaps in the following areas: 1) optimal screening for opioid use in pregnancy; 2) complications of pregnancy associated with opioid use; 3) appropriate treatments for pregnant women with opioid use disorders; 4) the best approaches for detecting, treating, and managing newborns with neonatal abstinence syndrome; and 5) the long-term effects of prenatal opioid exposure on children...
June 7, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579146/myelin-breakdown-in-human-huntington-s-disease-multi-modal-evidence-from-diffusion-mri-and-quantitative-magnetization-transfer
#10
José Bourbon-Teles, Sonya Bells, Derek K Jones, Elizabeth Coulthard, Anne Rosser, Claudia Metzler-Baddeley
Huntington's disease (HD) leads to white matter (WM) degeneration that may be due to an early breakdown in axon myelination but in vivo imaging correlates of demyelination remain relatively unexplored in HD compared to other neurodegenerative diseases. This study investigated HD-related effects on a putative marker of myelin, the macromolecular proton fraction (MMPF) from quantitative magnetization transfer and on fractional anisotropy, axial and radial diffusivity from diffusion tensor MR-imaging. Microstructural differences were studied in WM pathways of the basal ganglia and motor systems known to be impaired in HD: the corpus callosum, the cortico-spinal tract, the anterior thalamic radiation, fibers between prefrontal cortex and caudate and between supplementary motor area and putamen...
June 1, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579016/executive-summary-of-the-gesida-national-aids-plan-consensus-document-on-antiretroviral-therapy-in-adults-infected-by-the-human-immunodeficiency-virus-updated-january-2017
#11
(no author information available yet)
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is recommended for all patients infected by HIV-1. The objective of ART is to achieve an undetectable plasma viral load (PVL). Initial ART should be based on a combination of 3 drugs, including 2 nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (tenofovir in either of its two formulations plus emtricitabine or abacavir plus lamivudine) and another drug from a different family. Four of the recommended regimens, all of which have an integrase inhibitor as the third drug (dolutegravir, elvitegravir boosted with cobicistat or raltegravir), are considered preferential, whereas a further 3 regimens (based on elvitegravir/cobicistat, rilpivirine, or darunavir boosted with cobicistat or ritonavir) are considered alternatives...
May 31, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579014/executive-summary-of-the-consensus-document-on-osteoporosis-in-hiv-infected-individuals
#12
Eugenia Negredo, Pere Domingo, Félix Gutiérrez, María José Galindo, Hernando Knobel, Fernando Lozano, Esteban Martínez, Mar Masiá, Rosa Polo, Vicente Estrada
Osteoporosis has become an emerging comorbid condition in people living with HIV (PLWH). The increase in survival and the progressive aging of PLWH will make this complication more frequent in the near future. In addition to the traditional risk factors affecting the general population, factors directly or indirectly associated with HIV infection, including antiretroviral therapy, can increase the risk of osteoporosis. The present article is an executive summary of the document that updates the previous recommendations on the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in PLWH...
May 31, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573825/clinimetric-properties-of-the-nociception-coma-scale-revised-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
P Vink, C Lucas, J M Maaskant, W S van Erp, R Lindeboom, H Vermeulen
The Nociception Coma Scale is a nociception behaviour observation tool, developed specifically for patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) due to (acquired) brain injury. Over the years, the clinimetric properties of the NCS and its revised version (NCS-R) have been assessed, but no formal summary of these properties has been made. Therefore, we performed a systematic review on the clinimetric properties (i.e. reliability, validity, responsiveness and interpretability) of the NCS(-R). We systematically searched CENTRAL, CINAHL, Embase, PsycInfo and Web of Science until August 2015...
June 2, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562244/executive-summary-research-gaps-at-the-intersection-of-pediatric-neurodevelopment-nutrition-and-inflammation-in-low-resource-settings
#14
Vesna Kutlesic, Margaret Brewinski Isaacs, Lisa S Freund, Rohan Hazra, Daniel J Raiten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561889/innervation-of-the-medial-prefrontal-cortex-by-tyrosine-hydroxylase-immunoreactive-fibers-during-adolescence-in-male-and-female-rats
#15
Jari Willing, Laura R Cortes, Joseph M Brodsky, Taehyeon Kim, Janice M Juraska
Adolescence is associated with continued maturation of the cerebral cortex, particularly the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). We have previously documented pruning in the number of neurons, dendrites, and synapses in the rat mPFC from preadolescence to adulthood, with the period of pubertal onset being particularly important. We hypothesized that dopaminergic innervation of this region, critical for executive functions, would also be influenced by pubertal onset. Here, we measured changes in the volume of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunoreactive axons in all layers of the male and female mPFC from preadolescence to adulthood (postnatal Day (P) 25, 35, 45, 60, and 90) as a marker of dopaminergic innervation...
May 31, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558087/executive-summary-of-the-ii-brazilian-guidelines-for-atrial-fibrillation
#16
Luiz Pereira de Magalhães, Marcio Jansen de Oliveira Figueiredo, Fatima Dumas Cintra, Eduardo Benchimol Saad, Ricardo Ryoshim Kuniyoshi, Adalberto Menezes Lorga Filho, Andre Luiz Buchele D'Avila, Angelo Amato Vincenzo de Paola, Carlos Antonio Abunader Kalil, Dalmo Antonio Ribeiro Moreira, Dario Celestino Sobral Filho, Eduardo Back Sternick, Francisco Carlos da Costa Darrieux, Guilherme Fenelon, Gustavo Glotz de Lima, Jacob Atié, José Carlos Pachón Mateos, José Marcos Moreira, José Tarcísio Medeiros de Vasconcelos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557654/executive-summary-and-goals-objectives-of-the-u-s-national-postvention-guidelines
#17
Franklin James Cook
This preparatory article to a special issue of Death Studies on Responding to Grief, Trauma and Distress After a Suicide: U.S. National Guidelines reproduces the document's Executive Summary and Goals & Objectives.
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555103/blood-pressure-control-in-aging-predicts-cerebral-atrophy-related-to-small-vessel-white-matter-lesions
#18
Kyle C Kern, Clinton B Wright, Kaitlin L Bergfield, Megan C Fitzhugh, Kewei Chen, James R Moeller, Nooshin Nabizadeh, Mitchell S V Elkind, Ralph L Sacco, Yaakov Stern, Charles S DeCarli, Gene E Alexander
Cerebral small-vessel damage manifests as white matter hyperintensities and cerebral atrophy on brain MRI and is associated with aging, cognitive decline and dementia. We sought to examine the interrelationship of these imaging biomarkers and the influence of hypertension in older individuals. We used a multivariate spatial covariance neuroimaging technique to localize the effects of white matter lesion load on regional gray matter volume and assessed the role of blood pressure control, age and education on this relationship...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552520/atherogenic-dyslipidemia-in-latin-america-prevalence-causes-and-treatment-expert-s-position-paper-made-by-the-latin-american-academy-for-the-study-of-lipids-alalip-endorsed-by-the-inter-american-society-of-cardiology-iasc-the-south-american-society-of-cardiology
#19
Carlos I Ponte-Negretti, Jesus E Isea-Perez, Alberto J Lorenzatti, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Fernando Stuardo Wyss-Q, Xavier Pintó, Fernando Lanas, Josefina Medina, Livia T Machado-H, Monica Acevedo, Paola Varleta, Alfonso Bryce, Carlos Carrera, Carlos Ernesto Peñaherrera, José Ramón Gómez-M, Alfredo Lozada, Alonso Merchan-V, Daniel Piskorz, Enrique Morales, Maria Paniagua, Félix Medina-Palomin, Raul Alejandro Villar-M, Leonardo Cobos, Enrique Gómez-Alvares, Rodrigo Alonso, Juan Colan, Julio Chirinos, Jofre Lara, Vladimir Ullauri, Ildefonso Arocha
This is an executive summary made by a group of experts named Latin American Academy for the study of Lipids (ALALIP). In the current clinical guidelines, atherogenic dyslipidemia (AD) is a poorly recognized entity. Due to the frequent lipid alterations associated with AD in Latin America (LA), we organized a group of experts named (ALALIP) to generate a document in order to analyze their prevalence and to offer practical recommendations. METHODOLOGY: using the Delphi methodology, we conducted a comprehensive literature review with emphasis on those publications related to LA...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541808/executive-summary-of-the-american-college-of-surgeons-surgical-infection-society-surgical-site-infection-guidelines-2016-update
#20
Kristen A Ban, Joseph P Minei, Christine Laronga, Brian G Harbrecht, Eric H Jensen, Donald E Fry, Kamal M F Itani, E Patchen Dellinger, Clifford Y Ko, Therese M Duane
Guidelines regarding the prevention, detection, and management of surgical site infections (SSIs) have been published previously by a variety of organizations. The American College of Surgeons (ACS)/Surgical Infection Society (SIS) Surgical Site Infection (SSI) Guidelines 2016 Update is intended to update these guidelines based on the current literature and to provide a concise summary of relevant topics.
May 2017: Surgical Infections
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