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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937572/obstetric-care-consensus-no-6-periviable-birth
#1
(no author information available yet)
Approximately 0.5% of all births occur before the third trimester of pregnancy, and these very early deliveries result in the majority of neonatal deaths and more than 40% of infant deaths. A recent executive summary of proceedings from a joint workshop defined periviable birth as delivery occurring from 20 0/7 weeks to 25 6/7 weeks of gestation. When delivery is anticipated near the limit of viability, families and health care teams are faced with complex and ethically challenging decisions. Multiple factors have been found to be associated with short-term and long-term outcomes of periviable births in addition to gestational age at birth...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937567/obstetric-care-consensus-no-6-summary-periviable-birth
#2
(no author information available yet)
Approximately 0.5% of all births occur before the third trimester of pregnancy, and these very early deliveries result in the majority of neonatal deaths and more than 40% of infant deaths. A recent executive summary of proceedings from a joint workshop defined periviable birth as delivery occurring from 20 0/7 weeks to 25 6/7 weeks of gestation. When delivery is anticipated near the limit of viability, families and health care teams are faced with complex and ethically challenging decisions. Multiple factors have been found to be associated with short-term and long-term outcomes of periviable births in addition to gestational age at birth...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914985/cherubism-mice-also-deficient-in-c-fos-exhibit-inflammatory-bone-destruction-executed-by-macrophages-that-express-mmp14-despite-the-absence-of-trap-osteoclasts
#3
Mizuho Kittaka, Kotoe Mayahara, Tomoyuki Mukai, Tetsuya Yoshimoto, Teruhito Yoshitaka, Jeffrey P Gorski, Yasuyoshi Ueki
Currently, it is believed that osteoclasts positive for tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP +) are the exclusive bone-resorbing cells responsible for focal bone destruction in inflammatory arthritis. Recently, a mouse model of cherubism (Sh3bp2(KI/KI) ) with a homozygous gain-of-function mutation in the SH3-domain binding protein 2 (SH3BP2) was shown to develop auto-inflammatory joint destruction. Here, we demonstrate that Sh3bp2(KI/KI) mice also deficient in the FBJ osteosarcoma oncogene (c-Fos) still exhibit noticeable bone erosion at the distal tibia even in the absence of osteoclasts at 12 weeks old...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914401/2017-hrs-ehra-ecas-aphrs-solaece-expert-consensus-statement-on-catheter-and-surgical-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-executive-summary
#4
Hugh Calkins, Gerhard Hindricks, Riccardo Cappato, Young-Hoon Kim, Eduardo B Saad, Luis Aguinaga, Joseph G Akar, Vinay Badhwar, Josep Brugada, John Camm, Peng-Sheng Chen, Shih-Ann Chen, Mina K Chung, Jens Cosedis Nielsen, Anne B Curtis, D Wyn Davies, John D Day, André d'Avila, N M S Natasja de Groot, Luigi Di Biase, Mattias Duytschaever, James R Edgerton, Kenneth A Ellenbogen, Patrick T Ellinor, Sabine Ernst, Guilherme Fenelon, Edward P Gerstenfeld, David E Haines, Michel Haissaguerre, Robert H Helm, Elaine Hylek, Warren M Jackman, Jose Jalife, Jonathan M Kalman, Josef Kautzner, Hans Kottkamp, Karl Heinz Kuck, Koichiro Kumagai, Richard Lee, Thorsten Lewalter, Bruce D Lindsay, Laurent Macle, Moussa Mansour, Francis E Marchlinski, Gregory F Michaud, Hiroshi Nakagawa, Andrea Natale, Stanley Nattel, Ken Okumura, Douglas Packer, Evgeny Pokushalov, Matthew R Reynolds, Prashanthan Sanders, Mauricio Scanavacca, Richard Schilling, Claudio Tondo, Hsuan-Ming Tsao, Atul Verma, David J Wilber, Teiichi Yamane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895713/-hypochromic-microcytic-anemias-guideline-for-diagnosis-executive-summary
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891424/clinical-practice-guideline-evaluation-of-the-neck-mass-in-adults-executive-summary
#6
Melissa A Pynnonen, M Boyd Gillespie, Benjamin Roman, Richard M Rosenfeld, David E Tunkel, Laura Bontempo, Itzhak Brook, Davoren Ann Chick, Maria Colandrea, Sandra A Finestone, Jason C Fowler, Christopher C Griffith, Zeb Henson, Corinna Levine, Vikas Mehta, Andrew Salama, Joseph Scharpf, Deborah R Shatzkes, Wendy B Stern, Jay S Youngerman, Maureen D Corrigan
The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation has published a supplement to this issue of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery featuring the "Clinical Practice Guideline: Evaluation of the Neck Mass in Adults." To assist in implementing the guideline recommendations, this article summarizes the rationale, purpose, and key action statements. The 12 recommendations developed emphasize reducing delays in diagnosis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma; promoting appropriate testing, including imaging, pathologic evaluation, and empiric medical therapies; reducing inappropriate testing; and promoting appropriate physical examination when cancer is suspected...
September 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881473/the-classic-signalling-and-trans-signalling-of-interleukin-6-are-both-injurious-in-podocyte-under-high-glucose-exposure
#7
Chun-Tao Lei, Hua Su, Chen Ye, Hui Tang, Pan Gao, Cheng Wan, Fang-Fang He, Yu-Mei Wang, Chun Zhang
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional cytokine that employs IL-6 classic and trans-signalling pathways, and these two signal channels execute different or even opposite effects in certain diseases. As a cardinal event of diabetic kidney disease (DKD), whether the podocyte abnormalities are associated with IL-6 signalling, especially classic or trans-signalling respectively, remains unclear. In this study, we identified that the circulatory IL-6, soluble IL-6R (sIL-6R) and soluble glycoprotein 130 (sgp130) levels are elevated in patients with DKD...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864797/oral-health-research-and-scholarship-in-2040-executive-summary
#8
Peter J Polverini
This executive summary for Section 6 of the "Advancing Dental Education in the 21(st) Century" project provides an overview of five background articles that address the role of research and scholarship in dental education in the year 2040. Beginning with a historical account of research and discovery science in dentistry's evolution as a profession, the article then reviews the role of early thought leaders and organized dentistry in establishing research as a cornerstone of dental education and dental practice...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864796/the-allied-dental-professions-executive-summary
#9
Jacquelyn L Fried
This executive summary for Section 5 of the "Advancing Dental Education in the 21(st) Century" project addresses the current and future educational systems for dental assisting, dental hygiene, dental therapy, and dental laboratory technology. Nineteen experts prepared six background articles on the educational changes necessary for future roles and practices. The key issues addressed relate to delivery system changes, educational curricula, scopes of practice, regulatory measures, and the public's oral health...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864795/the-oral-health-care-delivery-system-in-2040-executive-summary
#10
Howard L Bailit
This executive summary for Section 4 of the "Advancing Dental Education in the 21(st) Century" project examines the projected oral health care delivery system in 2040 and the likely impact of system changes on dental education. Dental care is at an early stage of major changes with the decline in solo practice and increase in large group practices. These groups are not consolidated at the state level, but further consolidation is expected as they try to increase their negotiating leverage with dental insurers...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853200/the-2017-academic-emergency-medicine-consensus-conference-catalyzing-system-change-through-healthcare-simulation-systems-competency-and-outcomes
#11
William Bond, Joshua Hui, Rosemarie Fernandez
Over the past decade, emergency medicine took a lead role in healthcare simulation in part due to its demands for successful interprofessional and multidisciplinary collaboration, along with educational needs in a diverse array of cognitive and procedural skills. Simulation-based methodologies have the capacity to support training and research platforms that model micro-, meso- and macro- systems of healthcare. To fully capitalize on the potential of simulation-based research to improve emergency healthcare delivery will require the application of rigorous methods from engineering, social science, and basic science disciplines...
August 29, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816838/executive-summary-clinical-practice-guideline-safe-medication-use-in-the-icu
#12
Sandra L Kane-Gill, Joseph F Dasta, Mitchell S Buckley, Sandeep Devabhakthuni, Michael Liu, Henry Cohen, Elizabeth L George, Anne S Pohlman, Swati Agarwal, Elizabeth A Henneman, Sharon M Bejian, Sean M Berenholtz, Jodie L Pepin, Mathew C Scanlon, Brian S Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810979/women-veterans-a-population-at-risk-for-fibromyalgia-the-associations-between-fibromyalgia-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#13
Rita F D'Aoust, Alicia Gill Rossiter, Amanda Elliott, Ming Ji, Cecile Lengacher, Maureen Groer
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Federal Health Care recently published an executive summary from a round table discussion indicating that active duty and retired female military personnel are at high risk for adverse health outcomes unique to military service including complications related to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), unreported sexual trauma, and musculoskeletal problems. In 2008, the Institute of Medicine began to review, evaluate, and summarize the literature on health outcomes in Gulf War-deployed and found sufficient evidence of a causal relationship with PTSD and suggestive evidence of an association with fibromyalgia (FM)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804507/2017-update-of-the-wses-guidelines-for-emergency-repair-of-complicated-abdominal-wall-hernias
#14
REVIEW
Arianna Birindelli, Massimo Sartelli, Salomone Di Saverio, Federico Coccolini, Luca Ansaloni, Gabrielle H van Ramshorst, Giampiero Campanelli, Vladimir Khokha, Ernest E Moore, Andrew Peitzman, George Velmahos, Frederick Alan Moore, Ari Leppaniemi, Clay Cothren Burlew, Walter L Biffl, Kaoru Koike, Yoram Kluger, Gustavo P Fraga, Carlos A Ordonez, Matteo Novello, Ferdinando Agresta, Boris Sakakushev, Igor Gerych, Imtiaz Wani, Michael D Kelly, Carlos Augusto Gomes, Mario Paulo Faro, Antonio Tarasconi, Zaza Demetrashvili, Jae Gil Lee, Nereo Vettoretto, Gianluca Guercioni, Roberto Persiani, Cristian Tranà, Yunfeng Cui, Kenneth Y Y Kok, Wagih M Ghnnam, Ashraf El-Sayed Abbas, Norio Sato, Sanjay Marwah, Muthukumaran Rangarajan, Offir Ben-Ishay, Abdul Rashid K Adesunkanmi, Helmut Alfredo Segovia Lohse, Jakub Kenig, Stefano Mandalà, Raul Coimbra, Aneel Bhangu, Nigel Suggett, Antonio Biondi, Nazario Portolani, Gianluca Baiocchi, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Rodolfo Scibé, Michael Sugrue, Osvaldo Chiara, Fausto Catena
Emergency repair of complicated abdominal wall hernias may be associated with worsen outcome and a significant rate of postoperative complications. There is no consensus on management of complicated abdominal hernias. The main matter of debate is about the use of mesh in case of intestinal resection and the type of mesh to be used. Wound infection is the most common complication encountered and represents an immense burden especially in the presence of a mesh. The recurrence rate is an important topic that influences the final outcome...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803487/a-mechanism-based-approach-to-management-of-children-with-end-stage-liver-disease
#15
Allah B Haafiz
Due to parallel advances in surgical and acute care disciplines, liver transplantation (LT) has revolutionized the outlook for children with end-stage liver disease (ESLD). Contrary to advances in technical aspects of LT and the peri-operative care, pre-transplant management of ESLD remains quite a formidable challenge. Areas covered: This review provides mechanisms based management strategies to address common complications of ESLD including malnutrition, amended metabolic pathways, gastrointestinal dysfunction, and development of ascites...
August 28, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797892/the-tfos-dry-eye-workshop-ii-executive-summary
#16
REVIEW
Jennifer P Craig, J Daniel Nelson, Dimitri T Azar, Carlos Belmonte, Anthony J Bron, Sunil K Chauhan, Cintia S de Paiva, José A P Gomes, Katherine M Hammitt, Lyndon Jones, Jason J Nichols, Kelly K Nichols, Gary D Novack, Fiona J Stapleton, Mark D P Willcox, James S Wolffsohn, David A Sullivan
This article presents an Executive Summary of the conclusions and recommendations of the 10-chapter TFOS DEWS II report. The entire TFOS DEWS II report was published in the July 2017 issue of The Ocular Surface. A downloadable version of the document and additional material, including videos of diagnostic and management techniques, are available on the TFOS website: www.TearFilm.org.
August 7, 2017: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768689/accelerating-wright-fisher-forward-simulations-on-the-graphics-processing-unit
#17
David S Lawrie
Forward Wright-Fisher simulations are powerful in their ability to model complex demography and selection scenarios, but suffer from slow execution on the Central Processor Unit (CPU), thus limiting their usefulness. However, the single-locus Wright-Fisher forward algorithm is exceedingly parallelizable, with many steps that are so-called "embarrassingly parallel," consisting of a vast number of individual computations that are all independent of each other and thus capable of being performed concurrently. The rise of modern Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) and programming languages designed to leverage the inherent parallel nature of these processors have allowed researchers to dramatically speed up many programs that have such high arithmetic intensity and intrinsic concurrency...
September 7, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765447/what-should-oral-health-professionals-know-in-2040-executive-summary
#18
Jane A Weintraub
The "Advancing Dental Education in the 21(st) Century" project assesses current status and trends to prepare for the future. Section 3 of the project asks what knowledge and skills should dental and advanced dental education learners have to provide dental care in 2040 and how should educators be preparing them. This executive summary of five background articles in this section focuses on predoctoral education, advanced dental education, the provision of medical services within dental practice, the incorporation of oral health services into primary care and medical practice, and interprofessional education and practice...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765446/how-many-dentists-are-needed-in-2040-executive-summary
#19
Howard L Bailit
Five background articles in Section 2 of the "Advancing Dental Education in the 21(st) Century" project examined some of the factors likely to impact the number of dentists needed in 2040: 1) the oral health of the population, 2) changes in the utilization of dental services, 3) new technologies, 4) the growth of large capitated dental group practices, and 5) the demand for dental care. With this information, a sixth background article estimated the number of dentists needed in 2040 compared to the number expected if current trends continue...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765445/current-state-of-dental-education-executive-summary
#20
Allan J Formicola
This executive summary for Section 1 of the "Advancing Dental Education in the 21(st) Century" project provides a composite picture of information from 12 background articles on the current state of dental education in the United States. The summary includes the following topics: the current status of the dental curriculum, the implications of student debt and dental school finances, the expansion of enrollment, student diversity, pre- and postdoctoral education, safety net status of dental school clinics, and trends in faculty...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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