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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541808/executive-summary-of-the-american-college-of-surgeons-surgical-infection-society-surgical-site-infection-guidelines-2016-update
#1
Kristen A Ban, Joseph P Minei, Christine Laronga, Brian G Harbrecht, Eric H Jensen, Donald E Fry, Kamal M F Itani, E Patchen Dellinger, Clifford Y Ko, Therese M Duane
Guidelines regarding the prevention, detection, and management of surgical site infections (SSIs) have been published previously by a variety of organizations. The American College of Surgeons (ACS)/Surgical Infection Society (SIS) Surgical Site Infection (SSI) Guidelines 2016 Update is intended to update these guidelines based on the current literature and to provide a concise summary of relevant topics.
May 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541499/hypertension-and-cardiac-arrhythmias-executive-summary-of-a-consensus-document-from-the-european-heart-rhythm-association-ehra-and-esc-council-on-hypertension-endorsed-by-the-heart-rhythm-society-hrs-asia-pacific-heart-rhythm-society-aphrs-and-sociedad-latinoamericana
#2
Gregory Y H Lip, Antonio Coca, Thomas Kahan, Giuseppe Boriani, Antonis S Manolis, Michael Hecht Olsen, Ali Oto, Tatjana S Potpara, Jan Steffel, Francisco Marín, Márcio Jansen de Oliveira Figueiredo, Giovanni de Simone, Wendy S Tzou, Chern En Chiang, Bryan Williams
Hypertension (HTN) is a common cardiovascular risk factor leading to heart failure (HF), coronary artery disease (CAD), stroke, peripheral artery disease and chronic renal failure. Hypertensive heart disease can manifest as many types of cardiac arrhythmias, most commonly being atrial fibrillation (AF). Both supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias may occur in HTN patients, especially in those with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), CAD or HF. In addition, high doses of thiazide diuretics commonly used to treat hypertension, may result in electrolyte abnormalities (eg...
May 25, 2017: European Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539952/executive-dysfunction-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-anterior-cingulate-based-resting-state-functional-connectivity
#3
Je-Yeon Yun, Joon Hwan Jang, Wi Hoon Jung, Na Young Shin, Sung Nyun Kim, Jae Yeon Hwang, Jun Soo Kwon
OBJECTIVE: Executive dysfunction might be an important determinant for response to pharmacotherapy in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and could be sustained independently of symptom relief. The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has been indicated as a potential neural correlate of executive functioning in OCD. The present study examined the brain-executive function relationships in OCD from the ACC-based resting state functional connectivity networks (rs-FCNs), which reflect information processing mechanisms during task performance...
May 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527613/no-344-opportunistic-salpingectomy-and-other-methods-of-risk-reduction-for-ovarian-fallopian-tube-peritoneal-cancer-in-the-general-population
#4
Shannon Salvador, Stephanie Scott, Julie Ann Francis, Anita Agrawal, Christopher Giede
OBJECTIVE: This guideline reviews the potential benefits of opportunistic salpingectomy to prevent the development of high grade serous cancers (HGSC) of the ovary/fallopian tube/peritoneum based on current evidence supporting the fallopian tube origin of disease. INTENDED USERS: Gynaecologists, obstetricians, family doctors, registered nurses, nurse practitioners, residents, and health care providers. TARGET POPULATION: Adult women (18 and older): OPTIONS: Women considering hysterectomy who wish to retain their ovaries in situ have traditionally also retained their fallopian tubes...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509565/a-qualitative-meta-summary-using-sandelowski-and-barroso-s-method-for-integrating-qualitative-research-to-explore-barriers-and-facilitators-to-self-care-in-heart-failure-patients
#5
Oliver Rudolf Herber, Bettina Bücker, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Julie Barroso
BACKGROUND: Individual qualitative studies provide varied reasons for why heart failure patients do not engage in self-care, yet articles that aggregated primary studies on the subject have methodological weaknesses that justified the execution of a qualitative meta-summary. AIM: The aim of this study is to integrate the findings of qualitative studies pertaining to barriers and facilitators to self-care using meta-summary techniques. METHODS: Qualitative meta-summary techniques by Sandelowski and Barroso were used to combine the findings of qualitative studies...
May 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504509/-recommendation-for-therapeutic-hypothermia-in-newborns-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-executive-summary
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503243/appendix-executive-summary-of-cua-guideline-on-adult-overactive-bladder
#7
Jacques Corcos, Mikolaj Przydacz, Lysanne Campeau, Gary Gray, Duane Hickling, Christiane Honeine, Sidney B Radomski, Lynn Stothers, Adrian Wagg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501741/executive-functioning-deficits-among-adults-with-bipolar-disorder-types-i-and-ii-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Tania Dickinson, Rodrigo Becerra, Jacqui Coombes
BACKGROUND: Executive functioning (EF) deficits contribute to a significant proportion of the burden of disease associated with bipolar disorder (BD). Yet, there is still debate in the literature regarding the exact profile of executive functioning in BD. The purpose of the present project was to assess whether EF deficits exist among adults suffering BD, and whether these deficits (if apparent) differ by BD subtype. METHODS: A systematic search identified relevant literature...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499004/rehabilitation-research-at-the-national-institutes-of-health-moving-the-field-forward-executive-summary
#9
Walter R Frontera, Jonathan F Bean, Diane Damiano, Linda Ehrlich-Jones, Melanie Fried-Oken, Alan Jette, Ranu Jung, Rick L Lieber, James F Malec, Michael J Mueller, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Keith E Tansey, Aiko Thompson
Approximately 53 million Americans live with a disability. For decades, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been conducting and supporting research to discover new ways to minimize disability and enhance the quality of life of people with disabilities. After the passage of the American With Disabilities Act, the NIH established the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research with the goal of developing and implementing a rehabilitation research agenda. Currently, a total of 17 institutes and centers at NIH invest more than $500 million per year in rehabilitation research...
April 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498029/is-one-day-off-sufficient-for-re-adaptation-to-a-daytime-routine-after-two-consecutive-nights-of-work
#10
Yu-San Chang, Yu-Hsuan Wu, Hsiang-Lan Chen, Chung-Yao Hsu
Fast rotation three-shift working schedules are common in the medical field in Taiwan. This study investigated whether 24 hours off is sufficient for re-adaptation to a daytime routine after working two night shifts (NSs) by comparing changes in cognitive function, anxiety state, and objectively-measured sleep propensity between those working two NSs followed by 24 hours off (n=21, 2NS-off) and an off-duty group (n=21, OD). The results showed that nurses in the 2NS-off group were less alert and had decreased visual attention performance and executive function ability than the OD group during the daytime...
May 12, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494710/2016-aha-acc-guideline-on-the-management-of-patients-with-lower-extremity-peripheral-artery-disease-executive-summary
#11
Marie D Gerhard-Herman, Heather L Gornik, Coletta Barrett, Neal R Barshes, Matthew A Corriere, Douglas E Drachman, Lee A Fleisher, Francis Gerry R Fowkes, Naomi M Hamburg, Scott Kinlay, Robert Lookstein, Sanjay Misra, Leila Mureebe, Jeffrey W Olin, Rajan A G Patel, Judith G Regensteiner, Andres Schanzer, Mehdi H Shishehbor, Kerry J Stewart, Diane Treat-Jacobson, M Eileen Walsh, Jonathan L Halperin, Glenn N Levine, Sana M Al-Khatib, Kim K Birtcher, Biykem Bozkurt, Ralph G Brindis, Joaquin E Cigarroa, Lesley H Curtis, Lee A Fleisher, Federico Gentile, Samuel Gidding, Mark A Hlatky, John Ikonomidis, José Joglar, Susan J Pressler, Duminda N Wijeysundera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491336/opportunities-for-engaging-patients-in-kidney-research
#12
REVIEW
Maryam N Demian, Ngan N Lam, Fabrice Mac-Way, Ruth Sapir-Pichhadze, Nicolas Fernandez
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review is to provide a summary of the rationale for engaging patients in research as well as to review the established and envisioned advantages and strategies for patient-researcher partnerships. The authors of this article, which include a patient and 4 researchers in kidney disease, discuss the expected benefits and opportunities for patient engagement in their respective research programs. The 4 research programs span the spectrum of kidney disease and focus on enhancing bone health, increasing living donor kidney transplants, improving medication adherence, and preventing kidney transplant rejection...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489324/executive-summary-of-the-scai-hfsa-clinical-expert-consensus-document-on-the-use-of-invasive-hemodynamics-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-cardiovascular-disease
#13
Paul Sorajja, Barry A Borlaug, Vivian Dimas, James C Fang, Paul R Forfia, Michael M Givertz, Navin K Kapur, Morton J Kern, Srihari S Naidu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484510/management-of-intra-abdominal-infections-recommendations-by-the-wses-2016-consensus-conference
#14
REVIEW
Massimo Sartelli, Fausto Catena, Fikri M Abu-Zidan, Luca Ansaloni, Walter L Biffl, Marja A Boermeester, Marco Ceresoli, Osvaldo Chiara, Federico Coccolini, Jan J De Waele, Salomone Di Saverio, Christian Eckmann, Gustavo P Fraga, Maddalena Giannella, Massimo Girardis, Ewen A Griffiths, Jeffry Kashuk, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Vladimir Khokha, Yoram Kluger, Francesco M Labricciosa, Ari Leppaniemi, Ronald V Maier, Addison K May, Mark Malangoni, Ignacio Martin-Loeches, John Mazuski, Philippe Montravers, Andrew Peitzman, Bruno M Pereira, Tarcisio Reis, Boris Sakakushev, Gabriele Sganga, Kjetil Soreide, Michael Sugrue, Jan Ulrych, Jean-Louis Vincent, Pierluigi Viale, Ernest E Moore
This paper reports on the consensus conference on the management of intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) which was held on July 23, 2016, in Dublin, Ireland, as a part of the annual World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES) meeting. This document covers all aspects of the management of IAIs. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation recommendation is used, and this document represents the executive summary of the consensus conference findings.
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481041/reduction-of-the-tumorigenic-potential-of-human-retinoblastoma-cell-lines-by-tff1-overexpression-involves-p53-caspase-signaling-and-mir-18a-regulation
#15
Maike Busch, Jan Große-Kreul, Janina Jasmin Wirtz, Manfred Beier, Harald Stephan, Brigitte Royer-Pokora, Klaus Metz, Nicole Dünker
Trefoil factor family (TFF) peptides have been shown to play a pivotal role in oncogenic transformation, tumorigenesis and metastasis by changing cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion behavior of various cancer cell lines. In the study presented, we investigated the effect of TFF1 overexpression on cell growth, viability, migration and tumorigenicity of different retinoblastoma (RB) cell lines. Transient TFF1 overexpression significantly increases RB cell apoptosis levels. Stable, lentiviral TFF1 overexpression likewise decreases RB cell viability, proliferation and growth and significantly increases apoptosis as revealed by WST-1 assays, BrdU and DAPI cell counts...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480824/-for-some-reason-i-find-it-hard-to-work-quickly-introduction-to-the-special-issue-on-sluggish-cognitive-tempo
#16
Stephen P Becker
The body of research investigating the sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) construct continues to accumulate at a rapid pace. This article provides an introduction to the Special Issue on SCT, which includes 10 empirical studies that collectively make a major contribution to the SCT knowledge base. Notably, the studies in this Special Issue include participants spanning in age from 4 to 64 years and from four continents, helping to move the field toward a life span, transcultural understanding of SCT. Together, these studies demonstrate that SCT symptoms can be distinguished from ADHD symptoms as early as preschool and that SCT does not fall under the overarching umbrella of ADHD...
June 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472816/wocn-2016-guideline-for-prevention-and-management-of-pressure-injuries-ulcers-an-executive-summary
#17
(no author information available yet)
This article provides an executive summary of recommendations from the 2016 Guideline for Prevention and Management of Pressure Ulcers (Injuries) published by the Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society (WOCN). It presents an overview of the process used to update and develop the guideline, and lists the specific recommendations from the guideline for assessment, prevention, and treatment of pressure injuries. The guideline is a resource for physicians, nurses, therapists, and other healthcare professionals who work with adults who have/or are at risk for pressure injuries...
May 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469588/exercise-dependent-bdnf-as-a-modulatory-factor-for-the-executive-processing-of-individuals-in-course-of-cognitive-decline-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Gilmara G de Assis, Katie Moraes de Almondes
Background: Aging naturally triggers a decline in cognition as result of deterioration in cerebral circuits, thus the executive functions (EFs) suffer changes that progress from mild to severe states of impairment. Exercise instead, works as a strategy for cognitive enhancement by modulating neuronal plasticity through the regulation of BDNF. However, whether the exercise-dependent BDNF may improve higher complexity processes such as the EFs is still in a studying process. Results: Current data on exercise-dependent BDNF changes for aging individuals in a course of cognitive impairment was summarized to investigate whether the exercise regulation of BDNF is effective to pronounce long term changes on executive controls...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469334/clinical-profile-of-pediatric-oncology-patients-treated-by-external-beam-radiotherapy-an-institutional-experience
#19
Virender Suhag, B S Sunita, Pankaj Vats, Arti Sarin, A K Singh, Mayuri Jain
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric tumors are a heterogeneous group of malignant conditions requiring multimodal treatment, and management of such cases is at time challenging. We present the clinical profile of pediatric cancer patients who received radiation, either alone or as adjuvant to surgery and chemotherapy; in prophylactic, radical or palliative clinical setting. AIM: This study was envisaged to review our experience of pediatric oncology cases, their clinical and morphological profile, dosage schedule of radiotherapy, and the therapy induced complications...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454731/executive-summary-of-the-scai-hfsa-clinical-expert-consensus-document-on-the-use-of-invasive-hemodynamics-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-cardiovascular-disease
#20
Michael M Givertz, James C Fang, Paul Sorajja, Vivian Dimas, Paul R Forfia, Navin K Kapur, Morton J Kern, Srihari S Naidu, Barry A Borlaug
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
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