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hemolytic anaemia

Alberto Berardi, Eleonora Balestri, Goretta Bonacorsi, Claudio Chiossi, Giovanni Palazzi, Eugenio Spaggiari, Fabrizio Ferrari
Infantile pyknocytosis (IP) is a rare, self-limited neonatal haemolytic anaemia that may require multiple blood transfusions. Only a little more than 50 cases have been reported in the medical literature, and the great majority of them concerns term infants. The etiology of IP is not well understood; most likely it results from a transient extra-corpuscular factor, whose nature is unknown, transmitted from mother to child or, alternatively, from a deficiency of an anti-oxidative agent. We report the case of two preterm twins, one of which suffered from IP and developed severe anaemia at age 2 wk, while the other was unaffected...
November 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
Mohamed Jemaà, Myriam Fezai, Rosi Bissinger, Florian Lang
Suicidal erythrocyte death or eryptosis contributes to or even accounts for anemia in a wide variety of clinical conditions, such as iron deficiency, dehydration, hyperphosphatemia, vitamin D excess, chronic kidney disease (CKD), hemolytic-uremic syndrome, diabetes, hepatic failure, malignancy, arteriitis, sepsis, fever, malaria, sickle-cell disease, beta-thalassemia, Hb-C and G6PD-deficiency, Wilsons disease, as well as advanced age. Moreover, eryptosis is triggered by a myriad of xenobiotics and endogenous substances including cytotoxic drugs and uremic toxins...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Ana C Cabañas-Pedro, Suely Roizenblatt, Altay A L de Souza, Sérgio Tufik, Maria S Figueiredo
High frequency of periodic limb movements in sleep (PLMS) has been described among children with sickle cell disease (SCD), but there is little information about PLMS among adults with SCD. We aim to determine the frequency of PLMS among adults with SCD and to identify possible associations with iron status and haemolytic parameters. We analysed polysomnography on 99 adults: 74 with sickle cell anaemia (HbSS), 19 with HbSC (double heterozygosis HbS and HbC) and 6 with HbS-beta thalassaemia. Laboratory data were collected close to the time of the polysomnography examination...
October 2017: British Journal of Haematology
Sumit Vishwakarma, Rahul Chaurasia, Arulselvi Subramanian, Vivek Trikha, Kabita Chatterjee
A positive direct antiglobulin test has been reported in 1:1000 to 1:14,000 blood donors and 1-15 % of hospital patients. Drugs may cause a positive direct antiglobulin test result and/or immune-mediated haemolysis with an incidence of approximately 1 in a 1 million population. Our aim is to highlight the importance of following strict transfusion protocols and management insight in a direct antiglobulin test positive patient showing incompatibility with multiple units possibly due to drug induced immune haemolytic anaemia (DIIHA)...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
Boundia Djiba, Baidy Sy Kane, Mamadou Alpha Diallo, Khadim Diongue, Ngoné Diaba Diack, Hamidou Deme, Mouhamed Dieng, Maimouna Sow, Daouda Ndiaye, Abdoulaye Pouye
BACKGROUND: Malaria and tuberculosis are co-endemic in many developing countries. However their associations are rarely reported. Yet, it has been suggested that a pathological process may link the two diseases. CASE PRESENTATION: A 20-year-old female patient was admitted in the internal medicine service of Aristide Le Dantec Hospital for uncomplicated malaria. She was previously treated for autoimmune hemolytic anaemia using prednisone at 5 mg per day. Clinical examination showed swelling in front of the sternoclavicular joint...
June 5, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Ashraf T Soliman, Vincenzo De Sanctis, Mohamed Yassin, Magda Wagdy, Nada Soliman
Anaemia is a global public health problem affecting both developing and developed countries with major consequences for human health as well as social and economic development. It occurs at all stages of the life cycle, but is more prevalent in pregnant women and young children. Iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) impairs thyroid metabolism in animals and human and may negatively affect growth and develpment of children. On the other hand both overt and subclinical hypothyroidism are associated with anemia and adding iron to thyroxine therapy improves both conditions compared to thyroxine therapy alone...
April 28, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
B Ramos, G Gastal, R K Rovere
BACKGROUND: Melanoma is one of the fastest growing neoplasms worldwide. Treatment of metastatic disease has swiftly shifted in the last decade from generally ineffective chemotherapy regimens to highly effective targeted treatments or immunotherapy, with a range of side effects that differ completely from those of previous treatments for this disease. CASE: We present a case of a 71-year-old man with diagnosis metastatic melanoma. This patient was treated with anti-CTLA-4 antibody ipilimumab...
December 0: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
Ana Beck, Doroteja Huber, Adam Polkinghorne, Andrea Gudan Kurilj, Valerija Benko, Vladimir Mrljak, Slaven Reljić, Josip Kusak, Irena Reil, Relja Beck
BACKGROUND: Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. are important emerging causes of disease in dogs. Alongside these domesticated hosts, there is increasing recognition that these piroplasms can also be found in a range of wild animals with isolated reports describing the presence of these pathogen in foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and captive grey wolves (Canis lupus). The prevalence and impact of these infections in free-ranging populations of canids are unknown. To gain a better insight into the epidemiology and pathogenesis of piroplasm infections in free-ranging grey wolves, pathological and molecular investigations into captive and free-ranging grey wolves in Croatia were performed...
April 4, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Isabella Esposito, Laura Benítez-Gutiérrez, Ana Treviño, Ana Arias, Maria Jesus Citores, Silvia Requena, Vicente Soriano, Valentín Cuervas-Mons, Carmen de Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at the ITPA gene are associated with hemolytic anemia in chronic hepatitis C patients treated with peginterferon-ribavirin (RBV). Information in patients treated with interferon-free, direct-acting antivirals (DAA) is scarce. METHODS: Median hemoglobin (Hb) levels were compared at baseline and at week 4, when ribavirin concentration achieves steady state, in all consecutive chronic hepatitis C patients treated with oral DAA plus RBV at our clinic...
February 15, 2017: Antiviral Therapy
Rita Fonseca, Francisca Aguiar, Mariana Rodrigues, Iva Brito
OBJECTIVE: To study differences in demographic, clinical and immunologic characteristics, activity and cumulative organ damage according to age of onset in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Cross-sectional study was performed including 204 SLE patients. Characteristics were compared between juvenile and adult-onset SLE patients using parametric and nonparametric tests (SPSS 23.0). RESULTS: Juvenile-SLE patients had malar rash more often (78...
December 28, 2016: Reumatología Clinica
G S Kew, J Cho, A Lateef
We describe a gravid 37-year-old Chinese lady with known triple positive primary antiphospholipid syndrome with previous recurrent deep vein thrombosis and early spontaneous miscarriages. She was managed with low-molecular weight heparin, aspirin, hydroxychloroquine, prednisolone and monthly intravenous immunoglobulin. She presented with recurrent per-vaginal bleeding at 22 weeks of gestation and was found to have abruptio placentae. Anti-coagulation was held off. She subsequently delivered a stillborn at 24 weeks and anti-coagulation was restarted...
April 2017: Lupus
Ghada O M Ali, Yahya S Abdal Gader, Elfatih S Abuzedi, Bakhieta A I Attalla
Sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is one of the commonest chronic hemolytic anaemias in the Sudan; it is a disease with high mortality and morbidity. This study was conducted aiming to observe the clinical pattern of cardiac abnormalities in children with sickle cell anaemia, and to assess the relationship between the cardiac abnormalities and the severity of the disease. The study was conducted in sickle cell disease clinic at Khartoum Children Emergency Hospital. The study group consisted of 289 patients with sickle cell anaemia, age range from 6 months to 18 years...
2012: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
O Taton, M Delhaye, P Stordeur, T Goodship, A Le Moine, A Massart
Atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome (aHUS) is a rare but life-threatening complement system-related disorder, characterized by renal failure, non-immune haemolytic anaemia and thrombo-cytopenia. We report on a young woman who developed a pancreatitis-induced aHUS following a routine procedure of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. The patient was successively treated by 2 plasma exchanges with fresh frozen plasma and eculizumab, a monoclonal antibody designed to block terminal complement activation...
April 2016: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
S Meade, S Kotha, A Gera, A Loganayagam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
A Thedsawad, O Taka, W Wanachiwanawin
OBJECTIVES: This study was to investigate the use of flow cytometry for detection and quantitation of red blood cells (RBC) bound IgG in immune hemolysis of patients with autoimmune hemolytic anaemia (AIHA) and systematic lupus erythematosus (SLE). BACKGROUND: Two to ten percent of patients with warm-autoimmune hemolytic anaemia (WAIHA) exhibit a negative direct Coombs test. Flow cytometry has been applied to detect RBC bound IgG with high accuracy, reproducibility and sensitivity...
April 2016: Transfusion Medicine
Iulia Tudorascu, Simona Neamtu, Liliana Stanca, Mirela Siminel, Lorena Dijmarescu, Magdalena Manolea, Liliana Novac, Elis Pirgaru, Suzana Danoiu
Haemoglobinopathies are hereditary conditions in which the fundamental lesion affects the synthesis rate or the structure of the globin in normal hemoglobin. The synthesis of the polypeptide chains in globin is genetically coded. Clinically, haemoglobinopathies manifest most commonly in the form of hemolytic anemia and, more rarely, cyanosis and polyglobulia. They differ from "acquired haemoglobinopathies", such as methemoglobinemia, in which hemoglobin is usually compromised due to the action of toxic substances...
October 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
D Laužikienė, D Ramašauskaitė, T Lūža, R Lenkutienė
Background: Autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA), caused primarily by pregnancy, is poorly described in the literature. There is especially little information on coping with cases that are not responsive to glucocorticoid treatment, monitoring a fetal condition, and identifying fetal haemolytic anaemia as early as possible. Case: A case of pregnancy-induced autoimmune haemolytic anaemia is reported with major problems in differential diagnosis, treatment and the risks posed to both the mother and the fetus...
November 2015: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
Sim Kheng, Sinoun Muth, Walter R J Taylor, Narann Tops, Khem Kosal, Khon Sothea, Phum Souy, Saorin Kim, Chuor Meng Char, Chan Vanna, Po Ly, Pascal Ringwald, Virak Khieu, Alexandra Kerleguer, Pety Tor, John K Baird, Steven Bjorge, Didier Menard, Eva Christophel
BACKGROUND: Primaquine is used to prevent Plasmodium vivax relapse; however, it is not implemented in many malaria-endemic countries, including Cambodia, for fear of precipitating primaquine-induced acute haemolytic anaemia in patients with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PDd). Reluctance to use primaquine is reinforced by a lack of quality safety data. This study was conducted to assess the tolerability of a primaquine regimen in Cambodian severely deficient G6PD variants to ascertain whether a weekly primaquine could be given without testing for G6PDd...
August 25, 2015: BMC Medicine
D K Gold, T Loirat, A P Farrell
To quantify cardiorespiratory response to experimental anaemia in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss, a 24 h phenylhydrazine treatment was used to reduce haematocrit to almost one third of its initial value over 4-5 days. In response, relative blood velocity in the ventral aorta (an index of cardiac output) progressively increased to more than double to its normocythaemic value and there was no significant change in routine oxygen uptake. Thus, the primary compensatory response to anaemia was an increase in cardiac output...
October 2015: Journal of Fish Biology
Johannes G Krabbe, Evelien W M Kemna, Annuska L M Strunk, Pieter A Jobse, P A Kramer, L D Dikkeschei, L P W J van den Heuvel, Rob Fijnheer, Leo F Verdonck
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a life-threatening disease, characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anaemia and thrombocytopenia, resulting in neurologic and/or renal abnormalities. We report a 49-year-old patient with a history of thrombotic events, renal failure, and thrombocytopenia. Blood analysis demonstrated no ADAMTS13 activity in the absence of antibodies against ADAMTS13. The complete ADAMTS13 gene was sequenced, and two mutations were identified: one mutation on exon 24 (Arg1060Asp), which had previously been described, and a mutation on exon 27 (Met1260IlefsX34), which has not been reported...
October 2015: International Journal of Hematology
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