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Preterm neonatal morbidity and mortality by gestational age: a contemporary cohort

Elke Jeschke, Alexandra Biermann, Christian Günster, Thomas Böhler, Günther Heller, Helmut D Hummler, Christoph Bührer
BACKGROUND: Expectant parents of very preterm infants, physicians, and policy makers require estimates for chances of survival and survival without morbidity. Such estimates should derive from a large, reliable, and contemporary data base of easily available items known at birth. OBJECTIVE: To determine short-term outcome and risk factors in very-low-birth-weight preterm infants based on administrative data. METHODS: Anonymized routine data sets transmitted from hospital administrations to statutory health insurance companies were used to assess survival and survival free of major morbidities in a large cohort of preterm infants in Germany...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Tracy A Manuck, Madeline Murguia Rice, Jennifer L Bailit, William A Grobman, Uma M Reddy, Ronald J Wapner, John M Thorp, Steve N Caritis, Mona Prasad, Alan T N Tita, George R Saade, Yoram Sorokin, Dwight J Rouse, Sean C Blackwell, Jorge E Tolosa
BACKGROUND: Although preterm birth <37 weeks' gestation is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality in the United States, the majority of data regarding preterm neonatal outcomes come from older studies, and many reports have been limited to only very preterm neonates. Delineation of neonatal outcomes by delivery gestational age is needed to further clarify the continuum of mortality and morbidity frequencies among preterm neonates. OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the contemporary frequencies of neonatal death, neonatal morbidities, and neonatal length of stay across the spectrum of preterm gestational ages...
July 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
S N Vigod, P A Kurdyak, C L Dennis, A Gruneir, A Newman, M V Seeman, P A Rochon, G M Anderson, S Grigoriadis, J G Ray
OBJECTIVE: More women with schizophrenia are becoming pregnant, such that contemporary data are needed about maternal and newborn outcomes in this potentially vulnerable group. We aimed to quantify maternal and newborn health outcomes among women with schizophrenia. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Population based in Ontario, Canada, from 2002 to 2011. POPULATION: Ontario women aged 15-49 years who gave birth to a liveborn or stillborn singleton infant...
April 2014: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
C Lees, N Marlow, B Arabin, C M Bilardo, C Brezinka, J B Derks, J Duvekot, T Frusca, A Diemert, E Ferrazzi, W Ganzevoort, K Hecher, P Martinelli, E Ostermayer, A T Papageorghiou, D Schlembach, K T M Schneider, B Thilaganathan, T Todros, A van Wassenaer-Leemhuis, A Valcamonico, G H A Visser, H Wolf
OBJECTIVES: Few data exist for counseling and perinatal management of women after an antenatal diagnosis of early-onset fetal growth restriction. Yet, the consequences of preterm delivery and its attendant morbidity for both mother and baby are far reaching. The objective of this study was to describe perinatal morbidity and mortality following early-onset fetal growth restriction based on time of antenatal diagnosis and delivery. METHODS: We report cohort outcomes for a prospective multicenter randomized management study of fetal growth restriction (Trial of Randomized Umbilical and Fetal Flow in Europe (TRUFFLE)) performed in 20 European perinatal centers between 2005 and 2010...
October 2013: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
K S Joseph
OBJECTIVE: To identify the disease processes underlying the increasing rate of gestational age-specific perinatal mortality observed under the fetuses-at-risk model. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: USA and Nova Scotia, Canada. POPULATION: Births in the USA (1995 and 2005) and Nova Scotia, Canada (1988-2007). METHODS: Incidence rates of perinatal death and serious neonatal morbidity were calculated using the fetuses-at-risk approach (e...
December 2011: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
N J Everest, S E Jacobs, P G Davis, L Begg, S Rogerson
OBJECTIVE: Rupture of the membranes in the second trimester is reported to be associated with high rates of pregnancy loss, neonatal mortality and morbidity. This article describes the outcomes of liveborn infants delivered following a prolonged period of membrane rupture occurring before 24 weeks' gestation. PATIENTS AND SETTING: Over a 5-year period, consecutive pregnancies complicated by spontaneous rupture of the membranes before 24 weeks' gestation were identified...
May 2008: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
A E Cust, B A Darlow, D A Donoghue et al.
OBJECTIVE: To determine short term morbidity and mortality outcomes, provision of care, and treatments for a national cohort of high risk infants born in 1998-1999 and admitted to New Zealand neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). SETTING: All level III (six) and level II (13) NICUs in New Zealand. METHODS: Prospective audit by the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network (ANZNN) of all infants defined as "high risk" (born at < 32 weeks gestation or < 1500 g birth weight, or received assisted ventilation for four hours or more, or had major surgery)...
January 2003: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
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