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pulmonary carcinoma staging

H T Gu, J Y Zhou, T Wu, J Y Zhou
Objective: To investigate the clinical features and prognosis of patients with pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma (PSC). Methods: The study retrospectively reviewed the clinical, radiological, pathological characteristics and prognosis of 76 patients with PSC who were treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical School of Zhejiang University from January 2011 to December 2016. Gender, age, smoking history, tumor location, tumor size, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, TNM staging and treatment methods were analyzed to determine the factors affecting the prognosis of PSC patients...
March 13, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Hisashi Takeuchi, Naoto Tokuyama, Isao Kuroda, Teiichiro Aoyagi
Molecular targeted therapies have markedly improved the prognosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and patients are able to receive specific treatments depending on their condition. The cases of two patients who presented with large RCC with very different statuses were examined in the current study. One of the patients was elderly with numerous comorbidities, and the other was young and had Case 1 was an elderly female with various comorbidities including a history of cerebral infarction and impaired eyesight...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Sara A Hayes, James Huang, Jennifer Golia Pernicka, Jane Cunningham, Junting Zheng, Chaya S Moskowitz, Michelle S Ginsberg
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess pre-operative computed tomography (CT) characteristics of thymic carcinomas and to investigate which features could predict an incomplete surgical resection. A secondary aim was to correlate pre-operative imaging features with Masaoka stage. METHODS: In this study, approved by our Institutional Review Board, two readers retrospectively reviewed pre-operative CTs at our tertiary referral oncology center between 1994 and 2014...
March 10, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Nathan Esplin, Khadija Fergiani, Timothy B Legare, John W Stelzer, Hammad Bhatti, Sayed K Ali
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous regression has been defined as occurring when the malignant tumor mass partially or completely disappears without any treatment or as a result of a therapy considered inadequate to influence systemic neoplastic disease. Recently, studies have implicated immunological responses as likely being involved. We report a case of a patient with squamous cell carcinoma of the lung who experienced spontaneous regression following biopsy without other intervention. CASE PRESENTATION: A 57-year-old white man was referred to our pulmonary clinic after an incidental finding of a nodule in the lower lobe of his left lung...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Yuanshan Yao, Yinjie Zhou, Zhenhua Yang, Hongbo Huang, Haibo Shen
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of resection coupled with standard chemotherapy on survival prognosis of patients with early-stage small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC). Patients (n=110) with mediastinal lymph node-negative SCLC were enrolled in this study. The baseline clinical data of patients with surgery was retrospectively reviewed. Overall and progression-free survival were measured by Kaplan-Meier and log-rank test analyses. Ninety-eight patients received mediastinoscopy biopsy and pulmonary lobectomy or sublobar resection, and 67 patients underwent adjuvant chemotherapy after pulmonary lobectomy...
March 9, 2018: Oncology Research
Bara Barakat, Yousif Dawood, Marcus Horstmann
INTRODUCTION:  Urothelial carcinoma of the urinary bladder is a tumour of advanced age. The demographic change increases the number of very old patients ( > 80 years) subjected to TUR-B. MATERIAL AND METHODS:  In a retrospective analysis, perioperative complications in 89 patients (> 80 years), who underwent a transurethral resection of the bladder between 2013 and 2016 in our department, were recorded and evaluated using the Clavien-Dindo grading system...
March 8, 2018: Aktuelle Urologie
Alexandru-Dan Sabău, Noor Hassan, Cătălin Gabriel Smarandache, Alin Miheţiu, Ștefan Ţîţu, Dan Sabău
PURPOSE: An original technique using laparoscopic instruments in a gastric endocavitary work chamber with potential for esophagus, stomach and D1 vizualisation. The main purpose of laparagastroscopy is to improve the quality of life of the patient disabling by the esophageal tumor. This method has several advantages: providing physiological feeding, harvesting materials for histopathological examination, solving eso-tracheal fistulas concurrently with the proposed operation and hemostatic role through compression, low energy and plastic consumption, rapid socio-economic reintegration, mental psychological care of the patient...
January 2018: Chirurgia
G Polton, R Finotello, S Sabattini, F Rossi, P Laganga, M E Vasconi, A Barbanera, K Stiborova, C Rohrer Bley, L Marconato
Unresectable or metastatic (advanced) primary pulmonary carcinoma (PPC) represents a therapeutic challenge where surgery may be contraindicated and the therapeutic role of maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) chemotherapy remains uncertain. This study was undertaken to explore the impact of metronomic chemotherapy (MC) in dogs with advanced PPC. Previously untreated dogs with advanced (T3 or N1 or M1) PPC, with complete staging work-up and follow-up data, receiving MC (comprising low-dose cyclophosphamide, piroxicam and thalidomide), surgery, MTD chemotherapy or no oncologic treatment were eligible for inclusion...
March 6, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
Luchuan Chen, Shenghong Wei, Zaisheng Ye, Jun Xiao, Yi Zeng, Yi Wang, Zhenmeng Lin, Zhitao Lin, Xiaoling Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safty and feasibility of the D2 radical resection of omental bursa and No.12p and No.8p for gastric carcinoma (GC). METHODS: Clinical data of 1801 GC patients undergoing D2 radical resection of omental bursa and No.12p and No.8p at Fujian Medical University Cancer Hospital from January 2000 to January 2010 were analyzed retrospectively. Inclusion case criteria: (1)age of 18 to 90 years;(2)pathologically diagnosed as GC and receiving D2 radical resection of omental bursa and No...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Chang Feng, Man Feng, Yujun Gao, Xiaogang Zhao, Chuanliang Peng, Xiangshan Yang, Jing Zhang
Variant pulmonary adenocarcinoma with intestinal-type molecules shares similar molecular expression with colorectal carcinoma. However, expression of such molecules and their association with survival time with clinicopathologic parameters, such as epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene status in other types of pulmonary adenocarcinoma, has been rarely demonstrated. Sixty patients with resected pulmonary adenocarcinoma were divided into the enteric differentiation group (I group, n=30) and the usual group (U group, n=30)...
February 27, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Shohei Okazaki, Takanori Abe, Natsuko Takayanagi, Masanori Yasuda, Fumikazu Sakai, Kunihiko Kobayashi, Shingo Kato
BACKGROUND/AIM: We report on a case of pulmonary tumor embolism caused by squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 60-year-old female diagnosed with stage IVB (cT4N1M1) squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix was admitted to our institution with a chief complaint of progressive dyspnea that developed within a few days after admission. RESULTS: A chest CT scan showed dilated pulmonary arteries, right ventricular enlargement and mosaic ground-glass opacities in both lungs...
March 2018: In Vivo
Chao Xie, Xia Xu, Bian Wu, Kun-Yu Yang, Jing Huang
RATIONALE: Pulmonary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) is a rare type of lung squamous cell carcinoma. In situ hybridization test for Epstein-Bar virus-encoded RNA (EBER) is generally used for distinguishing it from other lung cancers. Although plasma EBV DNA quantification has been widely used as a tumor biomarker in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), only a limiting number of studies have suggested that plasma EBV DNA quantification may be used as a tumor marker in pulmonary LELC patients...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jae Kyeom Sim, Sang Mi Chung, Jong Hyun Choi, Jee Youn Oh, Seung Heon Lee, Je Hyeong Kim, Kyung Hoon Min, Gyu Young Hur, Jae Jeong Shim, Kyung Ho Kang, Bong Kyung Shin, Ju Han Lee, Sung Yong Lee
Background/Aims: Pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma (PSC) is a poorly differentiated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that contains components of spindle or giant cells. Owing to its low prevalence, there are insufficient data regarding its clinical features, therapeutic strategies and prognosis. Methods: The medical records of 26 patients diagnosed with PSC from January 2009 to June 2015 were reviewed and analyzed for clinicopathological characteristics, treatment modality, and outcomes...
February 20, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Kunlatida Maneenil, Zhiqiang Xue, Ming Liu, Jennifer Boland, Fengying Wu, Shawn M Stoddard, Julian Molina, Ping Yang
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma (PSC) is an unusual form of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Because of its rarity and heterogeneity, the treatment and prognosis of PSC have not been clearly described. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We retrospectively evaluated all patients with a diagnosis of PSC from 1997 to 2015 at the Mayo Clinic (Rochester, MN). The clinical characteristics, treatment details, and outcomes were collected. The survival rates of the PSC patients were compared with those for other subtypes of NSCLC...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
Xin Li, Zihe Zhang, Jinghao Liu, Dan Wang, Sen Wei, Jun Chen
Giant-cell carcinoma of the lung (GCCL) is a rare histological form of poorly differentiated non-small-cell lung cancer, which is classified as a subtype of pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinomas. In this case report, we describe the case of a 50-year-old Chinese male who presented with a pulmonary nodule in the right upper lobe of his lung. After thoracoscopic lobectomy, a histopathologic diagnosis of GCCL was made. He did well postoperatively, showing no local recurrence or distal disease in a 7-year follow-up period...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Marwa A Mohamed, Ehab I Mohamed, Samir A Abd El-Kaream, Mohamed I Badawi, Samy H Darwish
BACKGROUND: Evidence is increasing that microRNAs (miR) are particularly important in lung homeostasis and development and have been shown to be involved in many pulmonary diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, sarcoidosis, lung cancer (LC) and other smoking-related diseases. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the expression of miR-155 and miR-486-5p in tissues from LC patients and healthy endobronchial mucosa as prognostic biomarkers for diagnosing LC...
February 12, 2018: MicroRNA
Yasuhiro Hirano, Masakatsu Onozawa, Hidehiro Hojo, Atsushi Motegi, Sadatomo Zenda, Kenji Hotta, Shunsuke Moriya, Hidenobu Tachibana, Naoki Nakamura, Takashi Kojima, Tetsuo Akimoto
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to perform a dosimetric comparison between proton beam therapy (PBT) and photon radiation therapy in patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) who were treated with PBT in our institution. In addition, we evaluated the correlation between toxicities and dosimetric parameters, especially the doses to normal lung or heart tissue, to clarify the clinical advantage of PBT over photon radiation therapy. METHODS: A total of 37 consecutive patients with Stage III thoracic ESCC who had received PBT with or without concurrent chemotherapy between October 2012 and December 2015 were evaluated in this study...
February 9, 2018: Radiation Oncology
Fei Zhou, Likun Hou, Ting Ding, Quanming Song, Xiaoxia Chen, Chunxia Su, Wei Li, Guanghui Gao, Shengxiang Ren, Fengying Wu, Jiang Fan, Chunyan Wu, Jie Zhang, Caicun Zhou
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) represents a rare entity in lung cancer with dismal prognosis. In the present study, we investigated whether there are significant differences between central and peripheral tumors of LCNEC, in terms of clinicopathologic features, genomic profiles, and survival. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 126 cases of LCNEC were included. The tumors with invasion of the segmental and/or lobar bronchus were classified as central LCNEC and those without as peripheral LCNEC...
February 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Tatsuro Mugitani, Tomoya Hatakeyama, Toshinori Sakai, Atsushi Matsumura, Shiro Ogino, Toshikazu Akami, Shinji Okano
We report the case of a patient in which S-1 plus anastrozole was administered as first-line chemotherapy for Stage IV breast cancer with skin invasion, multiple lymph node metastasis, and lymphangitis carcinomatosis. A 77-year-old woman had a mass destroyed immediately outside the axilla with dry coughs. An 11mm unpalpable mass in the right breast and an axillary mass were confirmed to be scirrhous carcinoma(Luminal type B), respectively, by core needle biopsy. In one course, S- 1(100mg/day)therapy involves taking 2 courses of 14 days of administration and 7 days off the drug...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Keiko Hayashi, Mina Waraya, Takeyoshi Habiro, Satoshi Hosoya, Kouich Yamamoto, Norihiko Sengoku, Kazushige Hayakawa, Madoka Inukai, Masahiko Watanabe
The patient was a 51-year-old woman with a mass in the left breast.At the first presentation, she had abdominal distension and liver dysfunction.Mammography showed a category 5 mass in the left breast and a category 4, unstructured region in the right breast.Pathological examination revealed bilateral, invasive ductal carcinomas.Stage II B disease(clinical T2N1M0)was diagnosed in the left breast, and Stage I disease(clinical T1N0M0)was diagnosed in the right breast.Computed tomography revealed a massive uterine myoma compressing the inferior vena cava...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
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