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nasal epithelial

B Steelant, V Hox, L Van Gerven, E Dilissen, E Dekimpe, A Kasran, S Aertgeerts, V Van Belle, K Peers, L J Dupont, P W Hellings, D M Bullens, S F Seys
BACKGROUND: A high burden of lower airway symptoms is found in elite swimmers. To what extent elite swimmers suffer from upper airway symptoms and how these associate with nasal inflammation is less clear. We here aimed to evaluate upper airway symptoms and nasal inflammation in elite athletes. METHODOLOGY: Elite swimmers, indoor athletes and age-matched controls were recruited. Upper airway symptoms were assessed by sino-nasal outcome test (SNOT)-22 questionnaire...
March 21, 2018: Rhinology
Hyun Jik Kim, Young Hun Seo, Sujin An, Ara Jo, Ick Chan Kwon, Sehoon Kim
Rationale: Hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) provides an important mechanism for resisting infectious pathogens within the respiratory tract, and accordingly, the in situ analysis of H2 O2 generation in real time provides a valuable tool for assessing immune response. Methods: In this study, we applied a chemiluminescent nanoparticle-based real-time imaging approach to noninvasive evaluation of the Duox2-mediated H2 O2 generation after viral infection, and assessed its usefulness for analytical purposes in mouse nasal mucosa...
2018: Theranostics
Aditya Kanesa-Thasan, Amani A Fawzi, Manjot K Gill
PURPOSE: Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) is a disease in which serous detachment of the neurosensory retina occurs over an area of leakage from the choriocapillaris through the retinal pigment epithelium. Associations have been drawn between high-stress personality types and steroid exposure. This article aims to describe a unique case series of two husband and wife couples with CSC. METHODS: All methods were approved by the authors' institution's institutional review board...
April 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
A Porzia, C Cavaliere, E Begvarfaj, S Masieri, F Mainiero
The mucosal immune system located in correspondence to the olfactory organs in adult humans is not well identifiable but has proven important in establishing an effective immune response against inhaled antigens, including the generation of Helper 1 (TH1)- and TH2-cells, cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), plasma cells (PCs) and memory B cells. It is constituted by a diffused network of cells of epithelial and immune origin, as well as organized lymphoid tissue, where each component has a role in the initiation and maintenance of a long-lasting immune response, which is evoked not only in the oral and nasal cavities but also in the respiratory, intestinal and genito-urinary tracts...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
E Trybus, G Krol, T Obarzanowski, W Trybus, A Kopacz-Bednarska, M Obarzanowski, T Krol
Most studies on the effects of glucocorticosteroid therapy in rhinitis relate to their inhibitory effect on activation and the number of inflowing cells that are involved in the development and maintenance of inflammation. It is also very important to determine the range of effect of budesonide on residing cells (epithelial cells). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of local budesonide therapy on the cytological image of the nasal mucosa, with attention paid to columnar cells in patients with rhinitis...
December 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
Lihua Li, Shaorong Zhang, Xunshuo Jiang, Yuehui Liu, Ke Liu, Chunping Yang
The present study aimed to explore the microRNA-let-7e (miR-let-7e) expression in allergic rhinitis (AR), and to investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms. miR-let-7e expression in the nasal mucosa of mice and patients with AR were detected. The expression levels of three inflammatory factors, including histamine, immunoglobulin E and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), in the blood of AR mice and in interleukin (IL)-13-stimulated nasal epithelial cells (NECs) were also measured. Furthermore, the target gene of miR-let-7e was predicted and validated using a luciferase reporter assay...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Jean Yoo, Yeon-Mi Lim, Haewon Kim, Eun-Ji Kim, Doo-Hee Lee, Byeongwoo Lee, Pilje Kim, Seung Do Yu, Hyun-Mi Kim, Byung-Il Yoon, Ilseob Shim
Many consumer products used in our daily lives result in inhalation exposure to a variety of chemicals, although the toxicities of the active ingredients are not well known; furthermore, simultaneous exposure to chemical mixtures occurs. Sodium metabisulfite (SM) and propylene glycol (PG) are used in a variety of products. Both the cytotoxicity and the sub-acute inhalation toxicity of each chemical and their mixtures were evaluated. Assays for cell viability, membrane damage, and lysosome damage demonstrated that SM over 100 μg/ml induced significant cytotoxicity; moreover, when PG, which was not cytotoxic, was mixed with SM, the cytotoxicity of the mixture was enhanced...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Ayse Ipek Akyuz Unsal, Yesim Basal, Serap Birincioglu, Tolga Kocaturk, Harun Cakmak, Alparslan Unsal, Gizem Cakiroz, Nüket Eliyatkın, Ozden Yukselen, Buket Demirci
PURPOSE: To investigate the potential effects of chronic exposure to a nasal decongestant and its excipients on ocular tissues using an experimental rat model. METHODS: Sixty adult male Wistar rats were randomized into six groups. The first two groups were control (serum physiologic) and Otrivine® groups. The remaining four groups received the Otrivine excipients xylometazoline, benzalkonium chloride, sorbitol, and ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid. Medications were applied into both nostrils twice a day for 8 weeks...
January 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Giuseppe Brescia, Daniela Parrino, Lorenzo Nicolè, Claudia Zanotti, Cristiano Lanza, Umberto Barion, Filippo Marino, Gino Marioni
PURPOSE: The term aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) refers to a combination of asthma, chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP), and acute respiratory tract reactions to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. AERD has now been included among the CRSwNP endotypes, and is considered one of the most aggressive in terms of disease recurrence. Cortactin is a multi-domain protein with a part in several cellular mechanisms involving actin assembly and cytoskeleton arrangement...
March 5, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Cynthia C Jose, Lakshmanan Jagannathan, Vinay Singh Tanwar, Xiaoru Zhang, Chongzhi Zang, Suresh Cuddapah
Nickel (Ni) is an environmental and occupational carcinogen, and exposure to Ni is associated with lung and nasal cancers in humans. Furthermore, Ni exposure is implicated in several lung diseases including chronic inflammatory airway diseases, asthma and fibrosis. However, the mutagenic potential of Ni is low and does not correlate with its potent toxicity and carcinogenicity. Therefore, mechanisms underlying Ni exposure-associated diseases remain poorly understood. Since the health risks of environmental exposures often continue post exposure, understanding the exposure effects that persist after the termination of exposure could provide mechanistic insights into diseases...
March 12, 2018: Molecular Carcinogenesis
Fenggang Yu, Yanan Lu, Fredrik Petersson, De-Yun Wang, Kwok Seng Loh
BACKGROUND: Chromogenic Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA (EBER) in situ hybridization (EBER-ISH) is the gold standard to detect Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) but it is difficult to use in conjunction with immunohistochemistry (IHC). In this study, our purpose was to validate the sensitivity and specificity of RNAscope in detection of EBV infection in nasal epithelium and its stroma. METHODS: Fluorescence-based RNAscope EBER-ISH, BRLF1-ISH, and lineage marker-IHC were performed on archived formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues from normal nasal cavity (n = 5), nasopharynx (n = 8), and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) specimens (n = 10)...
March 9, 2018: Head & Neck
Can Altunbulakli, Rita Costa, Feng Lan, Nan Zhang, Mubeccel Akdis, Claus Bachert, Cezmi A Akdis
Staphylococcus aureus infection increases the expression of the tight junctions (TJs) in healthy nasal tissue; while nasal polyps show decreased TJ expression at baseline and are unable to upregulate TJs to strengthen the epithelial barrier.
March 5, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Yanmin Wan, Guobin Kang, Chithra Sreenivasan, Lance Daharsh, Junfeng Zhang, Wenjin Fan, Dan Wang, Hideaki Moriyama, Feng Li, Qingsheng Li
Two lineages of Influenza D virus (IDV) have been found to infect cattle and promote bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC), one of the most commonly diagnosed causes of morbidity and mortality within the cattle industry. Furthermore, IDV can infect other economically important domestic livestock including pigs and has the potential to infect humans, which necessitates the need for an efficacious vaccine. In this study, we designed a DNA vaccine expressing consensus hemagglutinin-esterase-fusion (HEF) protein (FluD-Vax) and tested its protective efficacy against two lineages of IDV (D/OK and D/660) in guinea pigs...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Virology
Martha Carmona Lorduy, Jonathan Harris Ricardo, Yurtiza Hernández Arenas, Wanda Medina Carmona
The human papillomavirus (HPV) has an affinity for squamous cells of stratified keratinized epithelium, thus affecting the lower genital, nasal, and oral tracts. In the oral cavity, HPV is associated with pathoses such as the verruca vulgaris (common wart), squamous cell papilloma, condyloma acuminatum (venereal wart), and focal epithelial hyperplasia (Heck disease). Among the treatments available for these lesions are cryotherapy, electrosurgery, surgical removal, laser therapy, and trichloroacetic acid (TCA)...
March 2018: General Dentistry
Anita R Iskandar, Florian Martin, Patrice Leroy, Walter K Schlage, Carole Mathis, Bjorn Titz, Kondylis Athanasios, Thomas Schneider, Grégory Vuillaume, Alain Sewer, Emmanuel Guedj, Keyur Trivedi, Ashraf Elamin, Stefan Frentzel, Nikolai V Ivanov, Manuel C Peitsch, Julia Hoeng
The biological impact of an aerosol of a potential modifiedrisk tobacco product, carbon heated tobacco product 1.2 (CHTP1.2), was comprehensively assessed for the first time in vitro using human small airway and nasal epithelial models following a systems toxicology approach. The potentially reduced effects of CHTP1.2 aerosol exposure were benchmarked against those of 3R4F cigarette smoke at similar nicotine concentrations. Experimental repetitions were conducted for which new batches of small airway and nasal cultures were exposed to CHTP1...
March 1, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Lyudmila Viktorovna Gankovskaya, Valentina Pavlovna Bykova, Leila Seimurovna Namasova-Baranova, Alexander Viktorovich Karaulov, Irina Viktorovna Rahmanova, Viktor Anatolievich Gankovskii, Catherine Dmitrievna Merkushova, Oksana Anatolievna Svitich
BACKGROUND: A major role of the innate immunity in the defence of mucosal tissue is well established. However, a balance between the main components of the immunity such as toll-like receptors (TLRs) and defensins in the pathology of upper respiratory tract in children has not been addressed yet. Our aim was to investigate the gene expression of some TLRs as well as alpha and beta-defensins in children suffered from adenoid hyperthrophy in comparison with healthy children. METHODS: Samples (nasal epithelium and adenoids) from patients with hypertrophic adenoids (n = 77) and control group (n = 33) were investigated...
February 27, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Monica Neri, Luigi Sansone, Luisa Pietrasanta, Aliaksei Kisialiou, Eloisa Cabano, Marina Martini, Matteo A Russo, Donatella Ugolini, Marco Tafani, Stefano Bonassi
Background: Chronic rhinitis, pharyngitis and sinusitis are common health problems with a significant impact on public health, and are suspected to be influenced by ageing factors. Nasal inhalation with thermal water may be used to reduce symptoms, inflammation and drug intake. A pre-post clinical study was conducted in 183 consecutive adult and elderly patients with chronic rhinitis, pharyngitis or sinusitis, to evaluate whether thermal water nasal inhalations could improve their symptoms, clinical signs and rhinomanometry measurements, and influence inflammatory biomarkers levels in nasal epithelial cells...
2018: Immunity & Ageing: I & A
Cheng-Jian Xu, Cilla Söderhäll, Mariona Bustamante, Nour Baïz, Olena Gruzieva, Ulrike Gehring, Dan Mason, Leda Chatzi, Mikel Basterrechea, Sabrina Llop, Maties Torrent, Francesco Forastiere, Maria Pia Fantini, Karin C Lødrup Carlsen, Tari Haahtela, Andréanne Morin, Marjan Kerkhof, Simon Kebede Merid, Bianca van Rijkom, Soesma A Jankipersadsing, Marc Jan Bonder, Stephane Ballereau, Cornelis J Vermeulen, Raul Aguirre-Gamboa, Johan C de Jongste, Henriette A Smit, Ashish Kumar, Göran Pershagen, Stefano Guerra, Judith Garcia-Aymerich, Dario Greco, Lovisa Reinius, Rosemary R C McEachan, Raf Azad, Vegard Hovland, Petter Mowinckel, Harri Alenius, Nanna Fyhrquist, Nathanaël Lemonnier, Johann Pellet, Charles Auffray, Pieter van der Vlies, Cleo C van Diemen, Yang Li, Cisca Wijmenga, Mihai G Netea, Miriam F Moffatt, William O C M Cookson, Josep M Anto, Jean Bousquet, Tiina Laatikainen, Catherine Laprise, Kai-Håkon Carlsen, Davide Gori, Daniela Porta, Carmen Iñiguez, Jose Ramon Bilbao, Manolis Kogevinas, John Wright, Bert Brunekreef, Juha Kere, Martijn C Nawijn, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Jordi Sunyer, Erik Melén, Gerard H Koppelman
BACKGROUND: DNA methylation profiles associated with childhood asthma might provide novel insights into disease pathogenesis. We did an epigenome-wide association study to assess methylation profiles associated with childhood asthma. METHODS: We did a large-scale epigenome-wide association study (EWAS) within the Mechanisms of the Development of ALLergy (MeDALL) project. We examined epigenome-wide methylation using Illumina Infinium Human Methylation450 BeadChips (450K) in whole blood in 207 children with asthma and 610 controls at age 4-5 years, and 185 children with asthma and 546 controls at age 8 years using a cross-sectional case-control design...
February 26, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Núria Piqué, María Del Carmen Gómez-Guillén, María Pilar Montero
Disruption of the epithelial barrier function has been recently associated with a variety of diseases, mainly at intestinal level, but also affecting the respiratory epithelium and other mucosal barriers. Non-pharmacological approaches such as xyloglucan, with demonstrated protective barrier properties, are proposed as new alternatives for the management of a wide range of diseases, for which mucosal disruption and, particularly, tight junction alterations, is a common characteristic. Xyloglucan, a natural polysaccharide derived from tamarind seeds, possesses a "mucin-like" molecular structure that confers mucoadhesive properties, allowing xyloglucan formulations to act as a barrier capable of reducing bacterial adherence and invasion and to preserve tight junctions and paracellular flux, as observed in different in vitro and in vivo studies...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Liang Li, Fengjuan Zhou, Fanzhong Lin, Cuihong Han
Thyroid-like low-grade nasopharyngeal papillary adenocarcinoma (TL-LGNPPA) is an extremely rare neoplasm. It morphologically resembles papillary thyroid carcinoma and is immunochemically positive for thyroid transcription factor 1. Herein, we reported a case of TL-LGNPPA in a female patient of 35 years old. She felt pharyngeal foreign body sensation of unknown cause and subsequently developed dyspnea after activities. Nasopharyngeal plain computerized tomography showed no abnormalities, but laryngoscopy showed a peanut-sized smooth neoplasm with a pedicel at the posterior edge of the nasal septum...
February 28, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
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