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Thyroid rct children

Alexander K C Leung, Alexander A C Leung
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled thyrotoxicosis, especially in early infancy, may cause irreversible damage to the central nervous system as well as profound effects on the function of many organs. Thyrotoxicosis has multiple etiologies and treatment depends on the underlying etiology. An accurate diagnosis is essential so that appropriate treatment can be initiated without undue delay. OBJECTIVE: To review in depth the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of children with thyrotoxicosis...
March 26, 2018: Recent Patents on Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Drug Discovery
Shoaib Hassan, Anjana Haridas, Venki Sundaram
BACKGROUND: Strabismus, or squint, can be defined as a deviation from perfect ocular alignment and can be classified in many ways according to its aetiology and presentation. Treatment can be broadly divided into medical and surgical options, with a variety of surgical techniques being available, including the use of adjustable or non-adjustable sutures for the extraocular muscles. There exists an uncertainty as to which of these techniques produces a better surgical outcome, and an opinion that the adjustable suture technique may be of greater benefit in certain situations...
March 12, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Hélène Cornillier, Bruno Giraudeau, Stéphane Munck, Florence Hacard, Annie-Pierre Jonville-Bera, Gwenaëlle d'Acremont, Bach-Nga Pham, Annabel Maruani
BACKGROUND: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is not frequent in children. Management guidelines have been developed for adults and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) included teenagers aged 12-18, but data for children under age 12 are limited. We performed a systematic review to assess comorbidities in children <12 years old with CSU and the efficacy and safety of treatments. METHODS: We searched for original articles of epidemiologic and treatment data in children <12 years old with CSU that were published from 2005 to July 2016 in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, and LILACS...
May 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
William Thompson, Ginny Russell, Genevieve Baragwanath, Justin Matthews, Bijay Vaidya, Jo Thompson-Coon
BACKGROUND: In the last 2 decades, several studies have examined the association between maternal thyroid hormone insufficiency during pregnancy and neurodevelopmental disorders in children and shown conflicting results. AIM: This systematic review aimed to assess the evidence for an association between maternal thyroid hormone insufficiency during pregnancy and neurodevelopmental disorders in children. We also sought to assess whether levothyroxine treatment for maternal thyroid hormone insufficiency improves child neurodevelopment outcomes...
April 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
Kathelijne Cjm Kraal, Elvira C van Dalen, Godelieve Am Tytgat, Berthe Lf Van Eck-Smit
BACKGROUND: Patients with newly diagnosed high-risk (HR) neuroblastoma (NBL) still have a poor outcome, despite multi-modality intensive therapy. This poor outcome necessitates the search for new therapies, such as treatment with131 I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (131 I-MIBG). OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and adverse effects of131 I-MIBG therapy in patients with newly diagnosed HR NBL. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; the Cochrane Library 2016, Issue 3), MEDLINE (PubMed) (1945 to 25 April 2016) and Embase (Ovid) (1980 to 25 April 2016)...
April 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Malgorzata Trofimiuk-Mudlner, Alicja Hubalewska-Dydejczyk
BACKGROUND: Physiological changes in pregnancy result in increased iodine demand, which may not be met in areas of mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency or borderline sufficiency. As a pregnant woman is the only source of thyroid hormones for her child during early gestation, iodine deficiencyinduced hypothyroxinemia may have deleterious effects on fetal development. OBJECTIVE: To present the current approach to iodine deficiency and its prophylaxis during pregnancy...
2017: Recent Patents on Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Drug Discovery
Kimberly B Harding, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas, Angela C Webster, Constance My Yap, Brian A Payne, Erika Ota, Luz Maria De-Regil
BACKGROUND: Iodine is an essential nutrient required for the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones, which are responsible for regulating growth, development and metabolism. Iodine requirements increase substantially during pregnancy and breastfeeding. If requirements are not met during these periods, the production of thyroid hormones may decrease and be inadequate for maternal, fetal and infant needs. The provision of iodine supplements may help meet the increased iodine needs during pregnancy and the postpartum period and prevent or correct iodine deficiency and its consequences...
March 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Nitash Zwaveling-Soonawala, M Emma Witteveen, Jan Pieter Marchal, Femke C C Klouwer, Nadine A Ikelaar, Anne M J B Smets, Rick R van Rijn, Erik Endert, Eric Fliers, A S Paul van Trotsenburg
OBJECTIVE: The hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis set point develops during the fetal period and first two years of life. We hypothesized that thyroxine treatment during these first two years, in the context of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) in children with Down syndrome, may have influenced the HPT axis set point and may also have influenced the development of Down syndrome-associated autoimmune thyroiditis. METHODS: We included 123 children with Down syndrome 8...
May 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
Carmen L Soto-Rivera, Michael S D Agus, Jaclyn E Sawyer, Duncan J Macrae
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of the current literature on the use of hormone replacement therapies in pediatric cardiac critical care. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched using keywords relevant to the hormonal therapy, with no limits on language but restricting the search to children 0-18 years old. STUDY SELECTION: All clinical studies believed to have relevance were considered. Where studies in children were sparse, additional evidence was sought from adult studies...
March 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Saliha Kanık Yüksek, Zehra Aycan, Özgür Öner
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of iodine deficiency (ID) and its effects on mental function in children referred to the Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Children's Training and Research Hospital with a prospective diagnosis of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: The study was conducted on 89 children referred in the period from September 2009 to June 2010 with a diagnosis of ADHD. A questionnaire was given to all parents. Conners' rating scales were applied to the parents (CPRS) and teachers (CTRS), and revised Wechsler intelligence scale for children (WISC-R) to the children...
March 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Xi Jin, Liam Masterson, Anant Patel, Liz Hook, James Nicholson, Sarah Jefferies, Mark Gaze, Ramez Nassif, Robert Eller, Tony Hulse, Piyush Jani
BACKGROUND: Pediatric papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is characterized by an aggressive clinical course. Early diagnosis is a challenge and treatment consists principally of partial or total thyroidectomy±neck dissection and radioactive iodine therapy. Due to the rarity of PTC in children, there is no consensus on optimal surgical treatment. METHODS AND RESULTS: A literature search was carried out using PubMed, Embase, Medline, Cochrane and Web of Science. Seven studies (489 patients) investigating the outcome of surgically managed pediatric PTC were identified...
October 2015: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Helmuth G Dörr, Markus Bettendorf, Gerhard Binder, Beate Karges, Carolin Kneppo, Heinrich Schmidt, Egbert Voss, Martin Wabitsch, Jörg Dötsch
BACKGROUND: Levothyroxine (L-T4) treatment of euthyroid children with Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) is a controversial issue. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Out of 79 identified euthyroid patients, 59 started the study; 25 patients (21 female, 4 male; age: 11.8 ± 2.3 years) received L-T4 at a mean dose of 1.6 µg/kg (SD, 0.8) daily, and 34 (27 female, 7 male; age: 12.6 ± 1.2 years) were not treated. Patients developing subclinical hypothyroidism during follow-up (n = 13) were treated with L-T4 and removed from the observation group...
2015: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
Margaret P Rayman, Sarah C Bath
Adequate iodine intake is important during pregnancy as it is a component of the thyroid hormones that are crucial for fetal brain and neurological development. While randomized controlled trials in severe iodine deficiency have shown that iodine deficiency in pregnancy causes impaired offspring cognition, less is known of the effects in regions of mild/mild-to-moderate deficiency. The United Kingdom is now classified as mildly iodine deficient by the World Health Organization, based on a 2011 national study of 14-15-year-old schoolgirls...
November 2015: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Debika Nandi-Munshi, Craig E Taplin
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormones exert critical roles throughout the body and play an important and permissive role in neuroendocrine, neurological, and neuromuscular function. METHODS: We performed a PubMed search through June 2014 with search terms including "hypothyroidism," "hyperthyroidism," "neurological complications," "neuropathy," "myopathy," "congenital hypothyroidism," and "encephalopathy." Relevant publications reviewed included case series, individual case reports, systematic reviews, retrospective analyses, and randomized controlled trials...
April 2015: Pediatric Neurology
Danijela Ristić-Medić, Carla Dullemeijer, Jasna Tepsić, Gordana Petrović-Oggiano, Tamara Popović, Aleksandra Arsić, Marija Glibetić, Olga W Souverein, Rachel Collings, Adriënne Cavelaars, Lisette de Groot, Pieter van't Veer, Mirjana Gurinović
The objective of this systematic review was to identify studies investigating iodine intake and biomarkers of iodine status, to assess the data of the selected studies, and to estimate dose-response relationships using meta-analysis. All randomized controlled trials, prospective cohort studies, nested case-control studies, and cross-sectional studies that supplied or measured dietary iodine and measured iodine biomarkers were included. The overall pooled regression coefficient (β) and the standard error of β were calculated by random-effects meta-analysis on a double-log scale, using the calculated intake-status regression coefficient (β) for each individual study...
March 2014: Nutrition Reviews
Shao J Zhou, Amanda J Anderson, Robert A Gibson, Maria Makrides
BACKGROUND: Routine iodine supplementation during pregnancy is recommended by leading health authorities worldwide, even in countries where the iodine status of the population is sufficient. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of iodine supplementation during pregnancy or the periconceptional period on the development and growth of children. Secondary outcomes included pregnancy outcome and thyroid function. DESIGN: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted...
November 2013: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Danijela Ristić-Medić, Romana Novaković, Maria Glibetić, Mirjana Gurinović
Iodine is an essential component of thyroid hormones, and current recommendations for intake are based on urinary iodine excretion, assessment of thyroid size, thyroidal iodine accumulation and turnover, radioactive iodine uptake, balance studies, and epidemiological studies. Dietary iodine is rapidly and almost completely absorbed. The prevalence of inadequate iodine intake is high: 29% of the world's population lives in iodine-deficient areas and 44% of Europe remains mildly iodine deficient. To assess current data and update evidence for setting dietary recommendations for iodine, the EURRECA Network of Excellence has undertaken systematic review and evaluation of (i) the usefulness of iodine status biomarkers (ii) the relationship between iodine status biomarkers and dietary iodine intake, and (iii) the relationship between iodine intake and health outcomes (endemic goiter, hypothyroidism, and cognitive function)...
2013: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
K King, C O'Gorman, S Gallagher
INTRODUCTION: This article is an evidence-based review of thyroid disease in children with Down syndrome, including a comparison between various professional guidelines for the management of thyroid disease in children with Down syndrome. Aspects of thyroid disease which are discussed include: congenital hypothyroidism; autoimmune thyroid disease; subclinical hypothyroidism; and hyperthyroidism. The national professional guidelines of Ireland, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Australia and Canada are reviewed and compared...
March 2014: Irish Journal of Medical Science
(no author information available yet)
UNLABELLED: OBJECTIVE OF ANALYSIS: The objective of this evidence-based evaluation is to assess the accuracy of serologic tests in the diagnosis of celiac disease in subjects with symptoms consistent with this disease. Furthermore the impact of these tests in the diagnostic pathway of the disease and decision making was also evaluated. CELIAC DISEASE: Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease that develops in genetically predisposed individuals. The immunological response is triggered by ingestion of gluten, a protein that is present in wheat, rye, and barley...
2010: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
Marijke Gielen, Dieter Mesotten, Pieter J Wouters, Lars Desmet, Dirk Vlasselaers, Ilse Vanhorebeek, Lies Langouche, Greet Van den Berghe
CONTEXT: Tight glucose control (TGC) to normal-for-age fasting blood glucose levels reduced morbidity and mortality in surgical adult and pediatric intensive care unit (ICU) patients. In adults, TGC did not affect the illness-induced alterations in thyroid hormones. With better feeding in children than in adult patients, we hypothesized that TGC in pediatric ICU patients reactivates the thyroid axis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of TGC on the thyroid axis in pediatric ICU patients and to investigate how these changes affect the TGC outcome benefit...
October 2012: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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