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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315857/risk-factors-for-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-aged-2-6-years
#1
Meda Kondolot, Serpil Poyrazoğlu, Duygu Horoz, Arda Borlu, Canan Altunay, Elcin Balcı, Ahmet Öztürk, Mümtaz M Mazıcıoğlu, Selim Kurtoğlu
BACKGROUND: Understanding risk factors that may vary culturally can help improve preventive strategies for obesity. This is the first cross-sectional study aimed to determine the risk factors for overweight/obesity in children aged 2-6 years in a central Anatolian city in Turkey. METHODS: A total of 1582 children (1351 healthy, 231 overweight/obese) aged 2-6 years were included from the Anthropometry of Turkish Children aged 0-6 years database. Age, gender, birth weight, birth order, mother's age, mother's body mass index (BMI), weight gain of mothers during pregnancy, presence of gestational diabetes, breastfeeding duration, history of formula feeding, mother's and father's education, mother's job, monthly income, smoking at home and physical activity, sleep duration and duration of television (TV) watching of the children were evaluated as independent risk factors...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301332/sculpturing-patterns-of-plasmonic-silver-nanoprisms-by-means-of-photocatalytic-lithography
#2
Guido Panzarasa, Guido Soliveri, Gianluigi Marra, Laura Meda, Alberto Savoini, Silvia Ardizzone, Mario Salvalaggio
The controlled shaping of nanoparticles' morphology is one of the pillars of nanotechnology. Here, we demonstrate that photocatalytic lithography, a technique already proved to be useful in materials science, can act as a dry etching technique for noble metal nanoparticles. Triangular silver nanoprisms are self-assembled on titanium dioxide films and photocatalytically shaped into discoidal particles upon irradiation with near-UV light. The obtained patterned surfaces show a dramatically different surface-enhanced Raman scattering response, suggesting the utility of our approach for the development of sensors...
April 18, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296180/antioxidant-capacity-phenolic-constituents-and-toxicity-of-hot-water-extract-from-red-maple-buds
#3
Naamwin R Meda, Patrice E Poubelle, Tatjana Stevanovic
The present study reports, for the first time, the results of the antioxidant capacity and the phenolic composition of a hot water extract from red maple buds (RMB), as well as its safety. In this regard and comparatively to antioxidant standards, this extract exhibits a significant antiradical capacity when tested by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH•) and anion superoxide trapping assays. High-resolution mass spectrometric (HRMS) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) analyses permitted to determine for the first time, in red maple species, cyanidin-3-O-glucoside, quercetin-3-O-galactoside, quercetin-3-O-arabinoside and quercetin...
March 11, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288579/the-cost-effectiveness-of-using-chronic-kidney-disease-risk-scores-to-screen-for-early-stage-chronic-kidney-disease
#4
Benjamin O Yarnoff, Thomas J Hoerger, Siobhan K Simpson, Alyssa Leib, Nilka R Burrows, Sundar S Shrestha, Meda E Pavkov
BACKGROUND: Better treatment during early stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) may slow progression to end-stage renal disease and decrease associated complications and medical costs. Achieving early treatment of CKD is challenging, however, because a large fraction of persons with CKD are unaware of having this disease. Screening for CKD is one important method for increasing awareness. We examined the cost-effectiveness of identifying persons for early-stage CKD screening (i.e., screening for moderate albuminuria) using published CKD risk scores...
March 13, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287331/disability-progression-markers-over-6-12%C3%A2-years-in-interferon-%C3%AE-treated-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#5
Jordi Río, Àlex Rovira, Mar Tintoré, Susana Otero-Romero, Manuel Comabella, Ángela Vidal-Jordana, Ingrid Galán, Joaquín Castilló, Georgina Arrambide, Carlos Nos, Carmen Tur, Berta Pujal, Cristina Auger, Jaume Sastre-Garriga, Xavier Montalban
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between activity during interferon-beta (IFNβ) therapy and disability outcomes in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). METHODS: A longitudinal study based on two previously described cohorts of IFNβ-treated RRMS patients was conducted. Patients were classified according to clinical activity after 2 years (clinical cohort) or to clinical and radiological activity after 1 year (magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) cohort)...
March 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284720/gap-junction-proteins-are-key-drivers-of-endocrine-function
#6
REVIEW
Paolo Meda
It has long been known that the main secretory cells of exocrine and endocrine glands are connected by gap junctions, made by a variety of connexin species that ensure their electrical and metabolic coupling. Experiments in culture systems and animal models have since provided increasing evidence that connexin signaling contributes to control the biosynthesis and release of secretory products, as well as the life and death of secretory cells. More recently, genetic studies have further provided the first lines of evidence that connexins also control the function of human glands, which are central to the pathogenesis of major endocrine diseases...
March 8, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279960/pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-infants-exposed-to-hiv-through-breast-feeding
#7
Philippe Van de Perre, Chipepo Kankasa, Nicolas Nagot, Nicolas Meda, James K Tumwine, Anna Coutsoudis, Thorkild Tylleskär, Hoosen Coovadia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273162/longitudinal-influence-of-alcohol-and-marijuana-use-on-academic-performance-in-college-students
#8
Shashwath A Meda, Ralitza V Gueorguieva, Brian Pittman, Rivkah R Rosen, Farah Aslanzadeh, Howard Tennen, Samantha Leen, Keith Hawkins, Sarah Raskin, Rebecca M Wood, Carol S Austad, Alecia Dager, Carolyn Fallahi, Godfrey D Pearlson
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and marijuana are the two most abused substances in US colleges. However, research on the combined influence (cross sectional or longitudinal) of these substances on academic performance is currently scant. METHODS: Data were derived from the longitudinal 2-year Brain and Alcohol Research in College Students (BARCS) study including 1142 freshman students who completed monthly marijuana use and alcohol consumption surveys. Subjects were classified into data-driven groups based on their alcohol and marijuana consumption...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270413/understanding-trends-in-kidney-function-1-year-after-kidney-transplant-in-the-united-states
#9
Yihung Huang, Anca Tilea, Brenda Gillespie, Vahakn Shahinian, Tanushree Banerjee, Vanessa Grubbs, Neil Powe, Nilka Rios-Burrows, Meda Pavkov, Rajiv Saran
Lower eGFR 1 year after kidney transplant is associated with shorter allograft and patient survival. We examined how practice changes in the past decade correlated with time trends in average eGFR at 1 year after kidney transplant in the United States in a cohort of 189,944 patients who received a kidney transplant between 2001 and 2013. We calculated the average eGFR at 1 year after transplant for the recipient cohort of each year using the appropriate Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation depending on the prevailing methodology of creatinine measurement, and used linear regression to model the effects of practice changes on the national post-transplant eGFR trend...
March 7, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238998/factors-associated-with-contraceptive-use-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-rural-districts-of-burkina-faso
#10
Joseph K Wulifan, Jacob Mazalale, Albrecht Jahn, Hervé Hien, Patrick Christian Ilboudo, Nicolas Meda, Paul Jacob Robyn, Saidou Hamadou, Ousmane Haidara, Manuela De Allegri
Given the current low contraceptive use and corresponding high levels of unwanted pregnancies leading to induced abortions and poor maternal health outcomes among rural populations, a detailed understanding of the factors that limit contraceptive use is essential. Our study investigated household and health facility factors that influence contraceptive use decisions among rural women in rural Burkina Faso. We collected data on fertile non-pregnant women in 24 rural districts in 2014. Of 8,657 women, 1,098 used a modern contraceptive...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236417/erratum-to-preventative-treatment-in-an-animal-model-of-dhd-behavioral-and-biochemical-effects-of-methylphenidate-and-its-interactions-with-ovarian-hormones-in-female-rats-eur-neuropsychopharmacol-26-2016-1496-1506
#11
Jodi L Lukkes, Kai C Sonntag, Nadja Freund, Britta S Thompson, Shirisha Meda, Susan L Andersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231267/accuracy-of-optical-biometry-combined-with-placido-disc-corneal-topography-for-intraocular-lens-power-calculation
#12
Giacomo Savini, Kenneth J Hoffer, Piero Barboni, Nicole Balducci, Domenico Schiano-Lomoriello, Pietro Ducoli
PURPOSE: To investigate the accuracy of a new optical biometer for intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation in eyes undergoing cataract surgery. METHODS: Consecutive eyes of patients undergoing cataract surgery with the same IOL model were enrolled in a prospective cohort study. Axial length (AL) and corneal power were measured with an optical biometer based on optical low-coherence interferometry and Placido-disc corneal topography. IOL power was calculated with the Hoffer Q, Holladay 1 and SRK/T formulas...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166298/estimation-of-chronic-kidney-disease-incidence-from-prevalence-and-mortality-data-in-american-indians-with-type-2-diabetes
#13
Pavithra Vijayakumar, Annika Hoyer, Robert G Nelson, Ralph Brinks, Meda E Pavkov
The objective was to estimate chronic kidney disease (CKD) incidence rates from prevalence and mortality data, and compare the estimates with observed (true) incidence rates in a well-characterized population with diabetes. Pima Indians aged 20 years and older with type 2 diabetes were followed from 1982 through 2007. CKD was defined by estimated GFR (eGFR) <60 ml/min/1.72 m2 or albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) ≥30 mg/g. True CKD incidence and mortality rates were computed for the whole study period, and prevalence for the intervals 1982-1994 and 1995-2007...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155777/-local-culture-and-community-participation-djandioba-family-planning-day-in-burkina-faso
#14
Souleymane Kaboré, Léon Blaise Savadogo, Ziemlé Clément Méda, Koabié Bakouan, Emanuel Lankoandé, Bernard Zongo, Norbert Coulibaly, Alain Kaboré, Alexandrine Boissier, Djénéba Sanon-Ouédraogo
The combination of “local culture and community participation” as implementation support for health programmes is an effective approach to reduce cultural barriers of access to health services. These events have reduced the negative impact of perceptions, erroneous beliefs and misinformation about modern contraceptive methods commonly observed in target populations.</ce:para>.
December 19, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155757/-introduction-despite-health-education-efforts-young-people-are-still-faced-with-major-health-problems-the-objective-of-this-study-was-to-assess-the-knowledge-and-attitude-regarding-hiv-prevention-and-unwanted-pregnancy-among-young-people-in-bobo-dioulasso
#15
Clétus Come Yélian Adohinzin, Nicolas Meda, Georges Anicet Ouédraogo, Adrien Marie Gaston Belem, Issiaka Sombié, Abdramane Berthé, Ngianga Bakwin Kandala, Georgette Damienne Avimadjenon, Laurence Fond-Harmant
A significant proportion of young people still has incomplete knowledge about HIV/AIDS and contraception. Actions designed to reinforce the knowledge of young people are of paramount importance. The capacities of parents and healthcare providers also need to be reinforced to improve the quality of relationship with young people.</ce:para>.
October 19, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140784/the-prevalence-serogroup-distribution-and-risk-factors-of-meningococcal-carriage-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-turkey
#16
Rahmi Tuna Tekin, Ener Cagri Dinleyici, Mehmet Ceyhan, Adem Karbuz, Nuran Salman, Murat Sutçu, Zafer Kurugol, Yasemin Balliel, Melda Celik, Mustafa Hacimustafaoglu, Necdet Kuyucu, Meda Kondolot, Gülnar Sensoy, Ozge Metin, Soner Sertan Kara, Meltem Dinleyici, Omer Kılıç, Cihangul Bayhan, Venhar Gurbuz, Emre Aycan, Aygun Memedova, Arzu Karli, Gulçin Bozlu, Solmaz Celebi
The serogroup epidemiology of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD), which varies considerably by geographic region and immunization schedule, changes continuously. Meningococcal carriage data are crucial for assessing IMD epidemiology and designing f potential vaccination strategies. Meningococcal seroepidemiology in Turkey differs from that in other countries: serogroups W and B are the predominant strains for IMD during childhood, whereas no serogroup C cases were identified over the last 10 years and no adolescent peak for IMD was found...
January 31, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115736/an-algorithm-recommendation-for-the-pharmacological-management-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-the-uk-a-consensus-statement-from-an-expert-panel
#17
REVIEW
Brian Lipworth, Jon Newton, Bhaskar Ram, Iain Small, Jürgen Schwarze
Allergic rhinitis is a frequent presenting problem in primary care in the UK, and has increased in prevalence over the last 30 years. When symptomatic, patients report significant reduction in their quality of life and impairment in school and work performance. Achieving adequate symptom control is pivotal to successful allergic rhinitis management, and relies mostly on pharmacotherapy. While it is recognised that most mild-moderate allergic rhinitis symptoms can be managed successfully in primary care, important gaps in general practitioner training in relation to allergic rhinitis have been identified...
December 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034414/the-effect-of-short-message-system-sms-reminder-on-adherence-to-a-healthy-diet-medication-and-cessation-of-smoking-among-adult-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases
#18
Laila M Akhu-Zaheya, Wa'ed Y Shiyab
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular Disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. Non-adherence to a recommended regimen among patients with Cardiovascular Diseases represents a significant problem which could lead to an increase in Cardiovascular Diseases. PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the effects of Short Message System (SMS) reminders on adherence to a healthy diet, medication, and cessation of smoking among adult patients with Cardiovascular Diseases. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial design with three groups was used for this study...
February 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018917/micronucleated-erythrocytes-in-peripheral-blood-from-neonate-rats-exposed-by-breastfeeding-to-cyclophosphamide-colchicine-or-cytosine-arabinoside
#19
Belinda C Gómez-Meda, Luis R Bañales-Martínez, Ana L Zamora-Perez, María de Lourdes Lemus-Varela, Xóchitl Trujillo, María G Sánchez-Parada, Blanca M Torres-Mendoza, Juan Armendáriz-Borunda, Guillermo M Zúñiga-González
Genotoxic exposure to chemical substances is common, and nursing mothers could transmit harmful substances or their metabolites to their offspring through breast milk. We explored the possibility of determining genotoxic effects in the erythrocytes of breastfeeding rat pups whose mothers received a genotoxic compound while nursing. Ten groups of female rats and five pups per dam were studied. The control group received sterile water, and the experimental groups received one of three different doses of cyclophosphamide, colchicine, or cytosine-arabinoside...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017910/nutrition-knowledge-and-mediterranean-diet-adherence-in-the-southeast-united-states-validation-of-a-field-based-survey-instrument
#20
Mary Rose Bottcher, Patricia Z Marincic, Katie L Nahay, Brittany E Baerlocher, Amy W Willis, Jieun Park, Philippe Gaillard, Michael W Greene
The Mediterranean diet (MD) can reduce chronic disease risk and is a recommended diet for prevention and management of diabetes. Adherence to the MD in the southeast United States where obesity and diabetes are highly prevalent is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to: 1) construct a survey instrument relevant to the general population integrating both MD related nutrition knowledge and adherence questions from previously validated instruments, and 2) assess MD related nutrition knowledge and adherence in a sample population in the southest United States...
December 23, 2016: Appetite
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