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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625821/the-use-of-study-registration-and-protocols-in-plastic-surgery-research-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Thomas Edward Pidgeon, Christopher Limb, Riaz A Agha, Katharine Whitehurst, Charmilie Chandrakumar, Georgina Wellstead, Alexander J Fowler, Dennis P Orgill
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the Declaration of Helsinki changed to mandate that all research studies involving human subjects must have a protocol registered in a publicly accessible database prior to the enrolment of the first patient, rather than just clinical trials. The objective of this work was to assess the number of research studies involving human participants published in leading journals of plastic surgery that had either published or registered a protocol with a publicly accessible database...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586906/irritable-bowel-syndrome
#2
REVIEW
Shahnaz Sultan, Ashish Malhotra
This issue provides a clinical overview of irritable bowel syndrome, focusing on diagnosis, treatment, and practice improvement. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
June 6, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534382/meta-meta-analysis-a-paradigm-in-the-case-of-surgical-publications
#3
Georgios C Sotiropoulos, Nikolaos Machairas, Stylianos Kykalos, Paraskevas Stamopoulos, Anastasia Prodromidou, Athanasios Katsargyris
PURPOSE: Meta-analyses are considered to provide level I-II evidence. Based on this premise, several statements have been developed to standardize guidelines and optimize results. The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality of the information delivered by meta-analyses. METHODS: Meta-analyses published in Annals of Surgery during an 11-year period were reviewed whereas individual publications of each meta-analysis were assessed. An Excel database encompassing 29 parameters was constructed based on the Quality of Reporting of Meta-analyses (QUOROM) statement...
March 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501267/gender-equity-imbalance-in-electrocardiology-a-call-to-action
#4
EDITORIAL
E Clarke Whalen, G Xu, I Cygankiewicz, L Bacharova, W Zareba, J S Steinberg, L G Tereshchenko, A Baranchuk
Despite the increasing number of women entering the medical profession, senior positions and academic productivity in many fields of medicine remain to be men dominated. We explored gender equity in electrocardiology as perceived by recent academic productivity and also active participation (presidencies and board constituents) in both the International Society of Electrocardiology (ISE) and the International Society for Holter and Noninvasive Electrocardiology (ISHNE). Academic productivity was measured by authorship (first and senior) in the Journal of Electrocardiology (JECG) and the Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology (ANE) in 2015...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493948/gender-bias-in-clinical-case-reports-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-big-five-medical-journals
#5
Pascale Allotey, Caitlin Allotey-Reidpath, Daniel D Reidpath
BACKGROUND: Gender bias in medical journals can affect the science and the benefit to patients. It has never been investigated in clinical case reports. The oversight is important because of the role clinical case reports play in hypothesis generation and medical education. We investigated contemporary gender bias in case reports for the highest ranked journals in general and internal medicine. METHODS: PubMed case reports data from 2011 to 2016 were extracted for the Annals of Internal Medicine, British Medical Journal, the Journal of the American Medical Association, The Lancet, and New England Journal of Medicine...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460395/polymyalgia-rheumatica
#6
REVIEW
Eric L Matteson, Christian Dejaco
This issue provides a clinical overview of polymyalgia rheumatica, focusing on risk factors, diagnosis, treatment, and practice improvement. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
May 2, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384749/migraine
#7
REVIEW
E Anne MacGregor
This issue provides a clinical overview of migraine, focusing on risk, prevention, diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and practice improvement. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
April 4, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265666/atrial-fibrillation
#8
REVIEW
Peter Zimetbaum
This issue provides a clinical overview of atrial fibrillation, focusing on diagnosis, treatment, and practice improvement. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
March 7, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166561/tuberculosis
#9
REVIEW
Karen R Jacobson
This issue provides a clinical overview of tuberculosis, focusing on screening, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
February 7, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151522/-plagiarism-a-fools-errand
#10
EDITORIAL
Tom Jefferson, Luca De Fiore
An old Italian proverb states that lies have short legs. In other words, in the end you get found out. This is exactly what happened to an Italian researcher who acted as a referee for a manuscript submitted in 2015 to Annals of Internal Medicine. After a negative report (which presumably led to the rejection of the submission) he submitted a manuscript which was essentially the same. But he and his accomplices got found out and paraded in front of the world in an earth-shatteringly polite "Dear Plagiarist" letter by the first robbed author: Dr Michael Dansinger...
2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135841/annals-express-ten-year-standardization-of-lipids-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-assess-effects-of-statins-on-secondary-stroke-prevention-japan-statin-treatment-against-recurrent-stroke-j-stars
#11
Masakazu Nakamura, Tatsuyuki Fukukawa, Kazuo Kitagawa, Yoji Nagai, Naohisa Hosomi, Masayasu Matsumoto, Kazuo Minematsu, Shinichiro Uchiyama, Yoshihiro Miyamoto
BACKGROUND: The Japan Statin Treatment Against Recurrent Stroke (J-STARS) is a clinical trial that administered pravastatin for secondary stroke prevention. Lipid levels are a well- established risk factor for cerebrovascular diseases. Elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) indicates a high risk of inflammatory reactions. In clinical trials, internationally approved standardization is essential for obtaining study results that are comparable with those from overseas. Therefore, total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides (TG), and hs-CRP were standardized throughout a 10-year study period...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126598/reporting-of-data-monitoring-boards-in-publications-of-randomized-clinical-trials-is-often-deficient-acttion-systematic-review
#12
Jennifer S Gewandter, Rachel A Kitt, Matthew R Hunsinger, Joseph Poku, Jacqueline Lozano, Jenna Chaudari, Scott Evans, Robert A Gross, Michael P McDermott, Michael C Rowbotham, Dennis C Turk, Robert H Dworkin
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether primary reports of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in six high-impact, general medical journals reported (1) whether or not a Data Monitoring Committee/Data and Safety Monitoring Board (DMC/DSMB) was used and (2) the composition of the responsibilities of the reported DSMB/DMCs. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review of RCTs published in 2014 in Annals of Internal Medicine, BMJ, NEJM, JAMA, JAMA Internal Medicine, and Lancet...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051785/%C3%A2-celebrating-fifteen-years-of-annals-of-hepatology-publication-the-international-open-access-clinical-journal-devoted-to-liver-diseases
#13
Rolf Teschke, Eric M Yoshida, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030676/aortic-stenosis
#14
REVIEW
Faisal G Bakaeen, Todd K Rosengart, Blase A Carabello
This issue provides a clinical overview of aortic stenosis, focusing on screening, diagnosis, treatment, and practice improvement. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
January 3, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974325/one-hundred-and-twenty-five-years-of-the-annals-of-botany-part-2-the-years-1937-to-2012
#15
Michael B Jackson
BACKGROUND: Annals of Botany is a peer-reviewed plant biology journal. It was started in 1887, making it the oldest continuously published plant science title. A previous article [Jackson MB. 2015. One hundred and twenty-five years of the Annals of Botany Part 1: the first 50 years (1887-1936). Annals of Botany 115: : 1-18] summarized events leading to its founding, highlighted the individuals involved and examined the Journal's achievements and management practices over the first 50 years to 1937...
December 2016: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941128/development-of-a-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-for-the-simultaneous-measurement-of-voriconazole-posaconazole-and-itraconazole
#16
John M Wadsworth, Anna M Milan, James Anson, Andrew S Davison
Background Azole-based antifungals are the first-line therapy for some of the most common mycoses and are now also being used prophylactically to protect immunocompromised patients. However, due to variability in both their metabolism and bioavailability, therapeutic drug monitoring is essential to avoid toxicity but still gain maximum efficacy. Methods Following protein precipitation of serum with acetonitrile, 20  µL of extract was injected onto a 2.1 × 50 mm Waters Atlantis dC18 3  µm column...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919097/preoperative-evaluation-for-noncardiac-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Steven L Cohn
This issue provides a clinical overview of preoperative evaluation for noncardiac surgery, focusing on risk factors, elements of evaluation, medication management, and practice improvement. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858205/statistical-inference-in-abstracts-of-major-medical-and-epidemiology-journals-1975-2014-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Andreas Stang, Markus Deckert, Charles Poole, Kenneth J Rothman
Since its introduction in the twentieth century, null hypothesis significance testing (NHST), a hybrid of significance testing (ST) advocated by Fisher and null hypothesis testing (NHT) developed by Neyman and Pearson, has become widely adopted but has also been a source of debate. The principal alternative to such testing is estimation with point estimates and confidence intervals (CI). Our aim was to estimate time trends in NHST, ST, NHT and CI reporting in abstracts of major medical and epidemiological journals...
January 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855102/non-inferiority-trials-are-they-inferior-a-systematic-review-of-reporting-in-major-medical-journals
#19
Sunita Rehal, Tim P Morris, Katherine Fielding, James R Carpenter, Patrick P J Phillips
OBJECTIVE: To assess the adequacy of reporting of non-inferiority trials alongside the consistency and utility of current recommended analyses and guidelines. DESIGN: Review of randomised clinical trials that used a non-inferiority design published between January 2010 and May 2015 in medical journals that had an impact factor >10 (JAMA Internal Medicine, Archives Internal Medicine, PLOS Medicine, Annals of Internal Medicine, BMJ, JAMA, Lancet and New England Journal of Medicine)...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802475/giant-cell-arteritis
#20
REVIEW
Gary S Hoffman
This issue provides a clinical overview of giant cell arteritis, focusing on diagnosis, treatment, and practice improvement. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
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