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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166561/tuberculosis
#1
Karen R Jacobson
This issue provides a clinical overview of tuberculosis, focusing on screening, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
February 7, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151522/-plagiarism-a-fools-errand
#2
EDITORIAL
Tom Jefferson, Luca De Fiore
An old Italian proverb states that lies have short legs. In other words, in the end you get found out. This is exactly what happened to an Italian researcher who acted as a referee for a manuscript submitted in 2015 to Annals of Internal Medicine. After a negative report (which presumably led to the rejection of the submission) he submitted a manuscript which was essentially the same. But he and his accomplices got found out and paraded in front of the world in an earth-shatteringly polite "Dear Plagiarist" letter by the first robbed author: Dr Michael Dansinger...
2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135841/annals-express-ten-year-standardization-of-lipids-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-assess-effects-of-statins-on-secondary-stroke-prevention-japan-statin-treatment-against-recurrent-stroke-j-stars
#3
Masakazu Nakamura, Tatsuyuki Fukukawa, Kazuo Kitagawa, Yoji Nagai, Naohisa Hosomi, Masayasu Matsumoto, Kazuo Minematsu, Shinichiro Uchiyama, Yoshihiro Miyamoto
BACKGROUND: The Japan Statin Treatment Against Recurrent Stroke (J-STARS) is a clinical trial that administered pravastatin for secondary stroke prevention. Lipid levels are a well- established risk factor for cerebrovascular diseases. Elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) indicates a high risk of inflammatory reactions. In clinical trials, internationally approved standardization is essential for obtaining study results that are comparable with those from overseas. Therefore, total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides (TG), and hs-CRP were standardized throughout a 10-year study period...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126598/reporting-of-data-monitoring-boards-in-publications-of-randomized-clinical-trials-is-often-deficient-an-acttion-systematic-review
#4
Jennifer S Gewandter, Rachel A Kitt, Matthew R Hunsinger, Joseph Poku, Jacqueline Lozano, Jenna Chaudari, Scott Evans, Robert A Gross, Michael P McDermott, Michael C Rowbotham, Dennis C Turk, Robert H Dworkin
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether primary reports of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in 6 high impact, general medical journals reported (1) whether or not a Data Monitoring Committee / Data and Safety Monitoring Board (DMC/DSMB) was used and (2) the composition of the responsibilities of the reported DSMB/DMCs. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review of RCTs published in 2014 in Annals of Internal Medicine, BMJ, NEJM, JAMA, JAMA Internal Medicine, and Lancet...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051785/%C3%A2-celebrating-fifteen-years-of-annals-of-hepatology-publication-the-international-open-access-clinical-journal-devoted-to-liver-diseases
#5
Rolf Teschke, Eric M Yoshida, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030676/aortic-stenosis
#6
Faisal G Bakaeen, Todd K Rosengart, Blase A Carabello
This issue provides a clinical overview of aortic stenosis, focusing on screening, diagnosis, treatment, and practice improvement. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
January 3, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974325/one-hundred-and-twenty-five-years-of-the-annals-of-botany-part-2-the-years-1937-to-2012
#7
Michael B Jackson
BACKGROUND: Annals of Botany is a peer-reviewed plant biology journal. It was started in 1887, making it the oldest continuously published plant science title. A previous article [Jackson MB. 2015. One hundred and twenty-five years of the Annals of Botany Part 1: the first 50 years (1887-1936). Annals of Botany 115: : 1-18] summarized events leading to its founding, highlighted the individuals involved and examined the Journal's achievements and management practices over the first 50 years to 1937...
December 2016: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941128/development-of-a-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-for-the-simultaneous-measurement-of-voriconazole-posaconazole-and-itraconazole
#8
John M Wadsworth, Anna M Milan, James Anson, Andrew S Davison
Background Azole-based antifungals are the first-line therapy for some of the most common mycoses and are now also being used prophylactically to protect immunocompromised patients. However, due to variability in both their metabolism and bioavailability, therapeutic drug monitoring is essential to avoid toxicity but still gain maximum efficacy. Methods Following protein precipitation of serum with acetonitrile, 20  µL of extract was injected onto a 2.1 × 50 mm Waters Atlantis dC18 3  µm column...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919097/preoperative-evaluation-for-noncardiac-surgery
#9
Steven L Cohn
This issue provides a clinical overview of preoperative evaluation for noncardiac surgery, focusing on risk factors, elements of evaluation, medication management, and practice improvement. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858205/statistical-inference-in-abstracts-of-major-medical-and-epidemiology-journals-1975-2014-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Andreas Stang, Markus Deckert, Charles Poole, Kenneth J Rothman
Since its introduction in the twentieth century, null hypothesis significance testing (NHST), a hybrid of significance testing (ST) advocated by Fisher and null hypothesis testing (NHT) developed by Neyman and Pearson, has become widely adopted but has also been a source of debate. The principal alternative to such testing is estimation with point estimates and confidence intervals (CI). Our aim was to estimate time trends in NHST, ST, NHT and CI reporting in abstracts of major medical and epidemiological journals...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855102/non-inferiority-trials-are-they-inferior-a-systematic-review-of-reporting-in-major-medical-journals
#11
Sunita Rehal, Tim P Morris, Katherine Fielding, James R Carpenter, Patrick P J Phillips
OBJECTIVE: To assess the adequacy of reporting of non-inferiority trials alongside the consistency and utility of current recommended analyses and guidelines. DESIGN: Review of randomised clinical trials that used a non-inferiority design published between January 2010 and May 2015 in medical journals that had an impact factor >10 (JAMA Internal Medicine, Archives Internal Medicine, PLOS Medicine, Annals of Internal Medicine, BMJ, JAMA, Lancet and New England Journal of Medicine)...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802475/giant-cell-arteritis
#12
Gary S Hoffman
This issue provides a clinical overview of giant cell arteritis, focusing on diagnosis, treatment, and practice improvement. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744612/follow-up-of-patients-with-adrenal-incidentaloma-in-accordance-with-the-european-society-of-endocrinology-guidelines-could-we-be-safe
#13
V Morelli, A Scillitani, M Arosio, I Chiodini
Recently, the European Society of Endocrinology (ESE) published new guidelines on the management of adrenal incidentalomas. At the same time Lopez and coworkers published on the Annals of Internal Medicine an important study showing that even patients with non-functioning adrenal tumors have an increased risk of incident diabetes. In consideration of previous data and of the results of the study of Lopez and coworkers, some points emerge from the ESE Guidelines that deserve attention. Firstly, it must be observed that the term "autonomous cortisol secretion," introduced by the ESE Panel in the place of the commonly used "subclinical hypercortisolism," seems questionable, since the guidelines do not suggest determining the adrenocorticotroph hormone levels that could give the certain proof of a truly autonomous cortisol secretion...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742849/annals-express-the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-increases-with-serum-hs-crp-concentration-in-individuals-without-a-history-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-report-from-a-large-persian-cohort
#14
Seyyed Mohammad Reza Kazemi-Bajestani, Maryam Tayefi, Mahmoud Ebrahimi, Ali Reza Heidari-Bakavoli, Mohsen Moohebati, Seyyed Mohammad Reza Parizade, Habib-Allah Esmaeili, Gordon Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined by a clustering of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and is associated with a heightened inflammatory state. A raised serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), a marker of inflammation, is also known to associate with CV risk. We have investigated the relationship between the presence of MetS and serum hs-CRP concentration in a large representative Persian population cohort without a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: The MASHAD study population cohort comprised 9 778 subjects, who were recruited from the city of Mashhad, Iran, between 2007 and 2008...
October 13, 2016: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699401/depression
#15
Robert M McCarron, Erik R Vanderlip, Jeffrey Rado
This issue provides a clinical overview of depression, focusing on screening, diagnosis, treatment, and practice improvement. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
October 4, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614354/hepatitis-c-virus-core-antigen-assay-an-alternative-method-for-hepatitis-c-diagnosis
#16
Lijuan Wang, Hong Lv, Guojun Zhang
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to evaluate a fully automated chemiluminescent immunoassay and compared it with a quantitative RNA assay and anti-HCV assay to verify the utility of this automated Ag assay as an alternative method for hepatitis C diagnosis. METHODS: A total of 229 serum samples previously tested for anti-HCV concentrations by the Architect Anti-HCV assay, were selected for HCV RNA testing by real time RT-PCR kit (Shanghai ZJ Bio-Tec Co., Ltd) and 125 specimens were tested for HCV Ag by the Architect HCV core Antigen kit...
September 9, 2016: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614351/preanalytical-errors-in-medical-laboratories-a-review-of-the-available-methodologies-of-data-collection-and-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Jamie West, Jennifer Atherton, Seán J Costelloe, Ghazaleh Pourmahram, Adam Stretton, Michael Cornes
Preanalytical errors have previously been shown to contribute a significant proportion of errors in laboratory processes and contribute to a number of patient safety risks. Accreditation against ISO 15189:2012 requires that laboratory Quality Management Systems consider the impact of preanalytical processes in areas such as the identification and control of non-conformances, continual improvement, internal audit and quality indicators. Previous studies have shown that there is a wide variation in the definition, repertoire and collection methods for preanalytical quality indicators...
January 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595226/hepatitis-c-virus
#18
Arthur Kim
This issue provides a clinical overview of hepatitis C virus, focusing on transmission, prevention, screening, diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
September 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575498/impact-of-pathology-theses-supported-at-the-medical-university-of-tunis-2000-2010
#19
Aschraf Chadli Debbiche, Ali Mrabet, Emna Abidi, Nabiha Falfoul Borsali, Chadli Dziri
BACKGROUND: The thesis is an research work wish must submit to rigorous scientific criteria. However, this research effort remains inaccessible to international scientific communities. The aims of this study were to determinate the publication rates in indexed journals and factors affecting publication. METHODS: This was a retrospective descriptive study of pathology theses listed in the theses catalog of the library medical university of Tunis whose theses were supported between 2000-2010...
March 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479227/venous-leg-ulcers
#20
Alejandra Vivas, Hadar Lev-Tov, Robert S Kirsner
This issue provides a clinical overview of venous leg ulcers, focusing on prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and practice improvement. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
August 2, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
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