Read by QxMD icon Read

Adalimumab in pediatrics

Carmelo Guerrero-Laleona, Joan Calzada-Hernández, Matilde Bustillo-Alonso, Jorge Gil-Albarova, Marta Medrano-San Ildefonso, Estibaliz Iglesias-Jiménez, Antoni Noguera-Julian
Treatment with tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors is a risk factor for tuberculosis. Despite previous treatment with isoniazid for latent tuberculosis, a 9-year-old girl with juvenile idiopathic arthritis developed disseminated tuberculosis after changing therapy with etanercept to adalimumab and after new contact with a smear-positive relative. Genotyping strain matches and susceptibility to isoniazid make reinfection more likely than reactivation in our patient.
October 3, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Domenico Corica, Claudio Romano
The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has increased steadily worldwide, both in adult and in children; approximately 25% of IBD patients are diagnosed before the age of 18. The natural history of IBD is usually more severe in children than in adults, and can be associated with linear growth impairment, delayed puberty onset, reduced bone mass index, malnutrition, and the need for surgery. Biological therapies, especially blocking tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), have radically modified the treatment strategies and disease course of IBD in children...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Kenji Hosoi, Yoshikazu Ohtsuka, Tohru Fujii, Takahiro Kudo, Nobuaki Matsunaga, Takeshi Tomomasa, Hitoshi Tajiri, Reiko Kunisaki, Takashi Ishige, Hiroyuki Yamada, Katsuhiro Arai, Atsushi Yoden, Kosuke Ushijima, Tomoki Aomatsu, Satoru Nagata, Keiichi Uchida, Kazuo Takeuchi, Toshiaki Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Childhood-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by extensive intestinal involvement and rapid early progression. Infliximab (IFX), cyclosporine (CYA), and tacrolimus (FK506) are increasingly used to treat pediatric IBD; however, their long-term effects and adverse events have not been properly investigated in pediatric patients. The aim of this study was to characterize the effects of these biologics and immunomodulators on pediatric IBD patients in Japan...
July 31, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Sami K Saikaly, Monica Mattes
Generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) is a rare form of childhood psoriasis, often requiring systemic therapy, which is challenging as there is a paucity of randomized controlled trials and standardized guidelines. Biologic agents have been used in adults and in pediatric plaque psoriasis, but evidence regarding their efficacy in pediatric GPP has slowly become available. The objective of this study is to summarize and compare the efficacy and safety of biologic agents, such as etanercept, infliximab, and adalimumab, in the treatment of pediatric GPP...
2016: Curēus
Won Jae Song, Ben Kang, So Yoon Choi, Yon Ho Choe
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of adalimumab in pediatric-onset Crohn's disease patients who had failed treatment with infliximab. METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients included were those who had been diagnosed with Crohn's disease before 18 years old, and had received treatment with adalimumab after infliximab failure. The efficacy of adalimumab treatment was investigated at 1 month and 1 year, and adverse events that had occurred during treatment with adalimumab were explored...
June 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
Elizabeth C Maxwell, Andrew B Grossman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Adolescent Medicine: State of the Art Reviews
Jonathan Shepherd, Keith Cooper, Petra Harris, Joanna Picot, Micah Rose
BACKGROUND: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is characterised by joint pain, swelling and a limitation of movement caused by inflammation. Subsequent joint damage can lead to disability and growth restriction. Treatment commonly includes disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), such as methotrexate. Clinical practice now favours newer drugs termed biologic DMARDs where indicated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of four biologic DMARDs [etanercept (Enbrel(®), Pfizer), abatacept (Orencia(®), Bristol-Myers Squibb), adalimumab (Humira(®), AbbVie) and tocilizumab (RoActemra(®), Roche) - with or without methotrexate where indicated] for the treatment of JIA (systemic or oligoarticular JIA are excluded)...
April 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Claudia Castiblanco, Halea Meese, C Stephen Foster
PURPOSE: To evaluate adalimumab therapy in children with uveitis. METHODS: The electronic health records of pediatric patients diagnosed with uveitis and treated with adalimumab therapy were reviewed retrospectively. Demographic information, site and degree of intraocular inflammation, visual acuity, underlying systemic disorders, duration of therapy, side effects, and ability to obtain steroid-free remission were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 17 patients were included, 16 patients with anterior uveitis and 1 with panuveitis; 14 patients had bilateral disease...
April 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Nitin Mehrotra, Atul Bhattaram, Justin C Earp, Jeffry Florian, Kevin Krudys, Jee Eun Lee, Joo Yeon Lee, Jiang Liu, Yeruk Mulugeta, Jingyu Yu, Ping Zhao, Vikram Sinha
Dose selection is one of the key decisions made during drug development in pediatrics. There are regulatory initiatives that promote the use of model-based drug development in pediatrics. Pharmacometrics or quantitative clinical pharmacology enables development of models that can describe factors affecting pharmacokinetics and/or pharmacodynamics in pediatric patients. This manuscript describes some examples in which pharmacometric analysis was used to support approval and labeling in pediatrics. In particular, the role of pharmacokinetic (PK) comparison of pediatric PK to adults and utilization of dose/exposure-response analysis for dose selection are highlighted...
July 2016: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Piotr Dziechciarz, Andrea Horvath, Jaroslaw Kierkuś
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Adalimumab is well-established therapy for adults with Crohn's disease [CD]. The aim of the study was to systematically assess the published evidence on the efficacy and safety of adalimumab for Crohn's disease in children. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and abstracts from the main gastroenterological meetings in the past 5 years were systematically searched up to July 2015 for randomised controlled trials and observational studies on the efficacy and safety of adalimumab for Crohn's treatment in children and adolescents...
October 2016: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
Laura Merras-Salmio, Kaija-Leena Kolho
Anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) blockade is so far the most effective therapy for extensive pediatric Crohn disease (CD), but loss of response is frequently encountered. We describe here the use of golimumab (Simponi) in 6 pediatric CD patients with antibody formation/loss of response to infliximab and adalimumab. Most patients had undergone surgery but had poor disease control. After introduction of golimumab, the levels of inflammatory markers and fecal calprotectin declined at first, but the response was not sustained...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Marla C Dubinsky, Joel Rosh, William A Faubion, Jaroslaw Kierkus, Frank Ruemmele, Jeffrey S Hyams, Samantha Eichner, Yao Li, Bidan Huang, Nael M Mostafa, Andreas Lazar, Roopal B Thakkar
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of adalimumab in inducing and maintaining remission in children with moderately to severely active Crohn's disease was shown in the IMAgINE 1 trial (NCT00409682). As per protocol, nonresponders or patients experiencing flare(s) on every other week (EOW) maintenance dosing could escalate to weekly dosing; we aimed to determine the therapeutic benefits of weekly dose escalation in this subpopulation. METHODS: Week 52 remission and response rates were assessed in patients who escalated to weekly dosing from their previous EOW schedule, which was according to randomized treatment dose (higher dose [HD] adalimumab [≥40 kg, 40 mg EOW; <40 kg, 20 mg EOW] or lower dose [LD; ≥40 kg, 20 mg EOW; <40 kg, 10 mg EOW])...
April 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Javier Blasco Alonso, Francisco Girón Fernández-Crehuet, Miguel A Lendínez Ramírez, Sivia Gallego Gutiérrez, Silvia Luque Pérez, Juliana Serrano Nieto, Víctor M Navas López, Carlos Sierra Salinas
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Metastatic Crohn's disease (MCD) is an extraintestinal manifestation of Crohn's disease, with biopsy as fundamental diagnostic tool. There are few references to MCD in children, with a 0.5-1% estimated incidence in adults. There is no consensus about its therapeutic approach. We describe our diagnostic and therapeutic experience in MCD. RESULTS: Four cases of MCD are described in our Pediatric Gastroenterology Unit in a tertiary care hospital...
September 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Casey Bishop, Hayley Simon, David Suskind, Dale Lee, Ghassan Wahbeh
OBJECTIVES: We describe the use of ustekinumab for 4 patients with pediatric Crohn disease treated at the Seattle Children's Hospital Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was done to identify patients' clinical data, disease phenotype, treatment history, and laboratory and growth parameters before treatment with ustekinumab and at last follow-up. Adverse events while on ustekinumab were also recorded. RESULTS: Four adolescent patients with Crohn disease at our center received ustekinumab...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Prativa S A Jayasekera, Maeve L Walsh, Daniel Hurrell, Richard A G Parslew
A 12-year-old girl with extended oligoarthritis treated with adalimumab presented with a short history of a progressive cutaneous eruption involving the legs and scalp. Physical examination and histologic results were consistent with lichen planopilaris. The adalimumab was discontinued. She received treatment with topical clobetasol propionate and the majority of the lesions resolved. Residual lesions and the extended oligoarthritis were then treated with sulfasalazine. Adalimumab is a tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) inhibitor used for the treatment of a variety of immunologically mediated conditions, including lichen planus and lichen planopilaris...
March 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
Andrea Taddio, Marco Cattalini, Gabriele Simonini, Rolando Cimaz
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) encompasses a group of diseases of unknown etiology having in common arthritis in at least 1 joint that persists for 6 weeks and begins before 16 years of age, with other conditions excluded. With a prevalence of 1 per 1,000 children in the USA, JIA is the most common pediatric rheumatic illness and a major cause of acquired childhood disability. During the last 20 years, the advent of host immune response modifiers known as biologic agents, in particular the anti-TNFα agents (etanercept, infliximab, adalimumab), which directly inhibit the action of pro-inflammatory mediators, has revolutionized the treatment and the expected outcome of JIA...
June 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
Ashish S Patel, Lisbet D Suarez, Joel R Rosh
Adalimumab, a human monoclonal antibody to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), was initially approved for the treatment of moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis in 2002. In the subsequent years, its anti-inflammatory properties were applied to the treatment of psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, adult Crohn's disease (CD), plaque psoriasis, polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis, adult ulcerative colitis and most recently in 2014, pediatric CD. The biologic era in pediatric CD has changed and redefined the therapeutic approach to this challenging lifelong disease...
February 2016: Immunotherapy
Elena Eliadou, Andrew S Day, Mark W Thompson-Fawcett, Richard B Gearry, David S Rowbotham, Russel Walmsley, Michael Schultz, Stephen J Inns
The management of patients with ulcerative colitis who are dependent on corticosteroid for control of symptoms, or refractory to corticosteroids or standard immunosuppressive therapy, is challenging. The development of newer medical therapies has increased the options for managing patients in this situation, but access and funding remain limited. This guideline summarises the literature regarding this situation and provides guidance as to the management of refractory colitis in the New Zealand setting.
October 16, 2015: New Zealand Medical Journal
Joan Calzada-Hernández, Jordi Anton-López, Rosa Bou-Torrent, Estíbaliz Iglesias-Jiménez, Sílvia Ricart-Campos, Javier Martín de Carpi, Vicenç Torrente-Segarra, Judith Sánchez-Manubens, Clara Giménez-Roca, Librada Rozas-Quesada, Maria Teresa Juncosa-Morros, Clàudia Fortuny, Antoni Noguera-Julian
BACKGROUND: Adult patients receiving anti-TNFα drugs are at increased risk of tuberculosis (TB), but studies in pediatric populations are limited, and the best strategy for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) screening in this population remains controversial. We describe the prevalence of LTBI prior to anti-TNFα therapy and the long-term follow-up after biological treatment initiation in a cohort of children and adolescents. METHODS: Cohort observational study in children and adolescents receiving anti-TNFα agents in a tertiary-care pediatric hospital...
2015: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Mariko Kaji, Takayuki Kishi, Takako Miyamae, Satoru Nagata, Hisashi Yamanaka, Satoshi Fujikawa
We describe our experience with a juvenile patient who had refractory intestinal Behcet's disease that responded to adalimumab, a fully humanized antibody against soluble TNF-α and its receptor. The patient, a 13-year-old girl, presented with oral aphthous ulcers, vulvar pain, and rashes on the lower extremities. She gradually developed a low-grade fever, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and hematochezia. Lower gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed ulcers in the terminal ileum, consistent with intestinal Behcet's disease...
2015: Case Reports in Rheumatology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"