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Adalimumab in childrens

Tamara Lund, Simon Francis Thomsen
From 2002 to 2016 a total of seven women with severe refractory psoriasis were exposed to the TNF-inhibitors infliximab and adalimumab or to the IL12/23 inhibitor ustekinumab during one or more pregnancies. Maternal, fetal or teratogenic toxicity were not detected during pregnancy and puerperium. All pregnancies were uneventful and resulted in delivery of 10 healthy children in total, one of the women is due February 2017. Postpartum, five of the women were lactating, but none of the women or newborns developed adverse reactions...
January 10, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
Karoline Freeman, Martin Connock, Peter Auguste, Sian Taylor-Phillips, Hema Mistry, Deepson Shyangdan, Rachel Court, Ramesh Arasaradnam, Paul Sutcliffe, Aileen Clarke
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Systematic reviews and economic modelling of clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of therapeutic monitoring of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) inhibitors [using LISA-TRACKER(®) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits (Theradiag, Marne La Vallee, France, or Alpha Laboratories, Heriot, UK), TNF-α-Blocker ELISA kits (Immundiagnostik AG, Bensheim, Germany) and Promonitor(®) ELISA kits (Proteomika, Progenika Biopharma, Bizkaia, Spain)] versus standard care for Crohn's disease (CD)...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Wan-Ju Lee, Leslie Briars, Todd A Lee, Gregory S Calip, Katie J Suda, Glen T Schumock
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the use of tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors (TNFIs) in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and young adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Patients with incident JIA or RA were identified by using the Truven Health MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters database from 2009 to 2013. The incident diagnosis was defined as no prior claims with a JIA/RA code and no JIA/RA medications recorded during the previous 6 months...
December 2016: Pharmacotherapy
Gerd Horneff, Ariane Klein, Prasad T Oommen, Anton Hospach, Ivan Foeldvari, Isa Feddersen, Kirsten Minden
OBJECTIVES: While tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α-inhibitor treatment improved outcome of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) management markedly, concerns have been raised about an association of TNF-α-inhibitor treatment and an increased risk for malignancies especially lymphoma. METHODS: Cases of suspected malignancies documented in the German Biker Registry are reviewed in detail. RESULTS: Until Dec 31, 2015, 3695 JIA patients were prospectively followed with a total of more than 13,198 observation years...
November 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
D Windschall, G Horneff
The TNF inhibitors etanercept (ETA) and adalimumab (ADA) are approved for treating patients older than 2 years with polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Because long-term experience of treating children younger than 4 years is limited, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of ETA or ADA in patients aged 2-4 years. This prospective, long-term, observational registry study documented baseline demographics, clinical characteristics, disease activity parameters, and safety of patients treated with ETA or ADA...
December 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Domenico Corica, Claudio Romano
The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has increased steadily worldwide, both in adult and in children; approximately 25% of IBD patients are diagnosed before the age of 18. The natural history of IBD is usually more severe in children than in adults, and can be associated with linear growth impairment, delayed puberty onset, reduced bone mass index, malnutrition, and the need for surgery. Biological therapies, especially blocking tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), have radically modified the treatment strategies and disease course of IBD in children...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Manuela Marsili, Valentina Marzetti, Marta Lucantoni, Giuseppe Lapergola, Marco Gattorno, Francesco Chiarelli, Luciana Breda
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune sensorineural hearing loss, also known as autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED) is a rare clinical entity characterized by progressive and bilateral sensorineural hearing loss often accompanied by vestibular symptoms. Diagnosis is essential as a consistent number of patients show a positive response to steroids alone or in association with other immunosuppressive drugs. AIED is defined as primary when the disease is limited to the ear, whereas in up to a third of cases it is associated to other systemic autoimmune diseases such as Behçet disease (BD)...
September 6, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Joseph J LaConti, Jean A Donet, Jeong Hee Cho-Vega, Daniel A Sussman, Dana Ascherman, Amar R Deshpande
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) inhibitor therapy has signified an important milestone in the fight against many rheumatological disorders and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Cutaneous adverse events caused by this class of medications are well known but relatively uncommon. Most reactions are mild and rarely warrant treatment withdrawal. Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a disease with cutaneous vasculitis, arthritis, and gastrointestinal and renal involvement that is usually seen in children, though the worst complications are typically seen in adults...
2016: Case Reports in Rheumatology
Syuji Takei
JIA is a chronic disease characterized by joint inflammation of unknown cause which occurs before 16 years of age. It includes 7 forms of clinical subtypes, and it affects about 1 individuals in every 10,000 Japanese children. The treatment strategy and an assessment tool for disease activity (JADAS) to evaluate the treatment efficacy have been established. In addition, induction of biologic agents for JIA patient refractory to conventional therapy resulted in remarkable improvement in the disease course and their joint prognosis...
June 2016: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Kyoung Hee Han, Seong Heon Kim
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a nephrotic syndrome. Up to around 80% of cases of primary FSGS are resistant to steroid treatment. A large proportion of patients with steroid-resistant FSGS progress to end-stage renal disease. The purpose of treatment is to obtain a complete remission of proteinuria, a necessary step that precedes improved renal survival and reduces the risk of progression to chronic kidney disease. When this is not possible, the secondary goal is a partial remission of proteinuria...
2016: BioMed Research International
Bryce David Beutler, Philip R Cohen
BACKGROUND: Molluscum contagiosum is a benign viral infection of the skin. Lesions typically present as dome-shaped, flesh-colored, umbilicated papules that range in size from 1 to 5 millimeters in diameter. They are usually asymptomatic, but can become tender or pruritic. Children and immunocompromised adults, including individuals being treated with immunosuppressive drugs, are most susceptible to infection. Single or multiple lesions most commonly appear on the extremities, face, genitals, and trunk...
March 16, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Jonathan Shepherd, Keith Cooper, Petra Harris, Joanna Picot, Micah Rose
BACKGROUND: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is characterised by joint pain, swelling and a limitation of movement caused by inflammation. Subsequent joint damage can lead to disability and growth restriction. Treatment commonly includes disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), such as methotrexate. Clinical practice now favours newer drugs termed biologic DMARDs where indicated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of four biologic DMARDs [etanercept (Enbrel(®), Pfizer), abatacept (Orencia(®), Bristol-Myers Squibb), adalimumab (Humira(®), AbbVie) and tocilizumab (RoActemra(®), Roche) - with or without methotrexate where indicated] for the treatment of JIA (systemic or oligoarticular JIA are excluded)...
April 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Claudia Castiblanco, Halea Meese, C Stephen Foster
PURPOSE: To evaluate adalimumab therapy in children with uveitis. METHODS: The electronic health records of pediatric patients diagnosed with uveitis and treated with adalimumab therapy were reviewed retrospectively. Demographic information, site and degree of intraocular inflammation, visual acuity, underlying systemic disorders, duration of therapy, side effects, and ability to obtain steroid-free remission were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 17 patients were included, 16 patients with anterior uveitis and 1 with panuveitis; 14 patients had bilateral disease...
April 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Barbara Iwańczak, Adam Reich, Anna Kofla-Dłubacz, Bernarda Kazanowska, Małgorzata Ruczka
Behçet disease is a multiorgan inflammatory vessel disorder of unknown etiology which only occasionally occurs in children. Here, we demonstrate a 14-year-old boy with Behçet disease diagnosed based on recurrent aphthous stomatitis, acneiform facial lesions, subpreputial erosions and extensive thrombosis involving sigmoid sinus, transverse sinus and right internal cervical vein. Treatment with low molecular weight heparins, systemic corticosteroids, and azathioprine only resulted in partial remission of clinical symptoms...
February 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Piotr Dziechciarz, Andrea Horvath, Jaroslaw Kierkuś
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Adalimumab is well-established therapy for adults with Crohn's disease [CD]. The aim of the study was to systematically assess the published evidence on the efficacy and safety of adalimumab for Crohn's disease in children. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and abstracts from the main gastroenterological meetings in the past 5 years were systematically searched up to July 2015 for randomised controlled trials and observational studies on the efficacy and safety of adalimumab for Crohn's treatment in children and adolescents...
October 2016: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
Marla C Dubinsky, Joel Rosh, William A Faubion, Jaroslaw Kierkus, Frank Ruemmele, Jeffrey S Hyams, Samantha Eichner, Yao Li, Bidan Huang, Nael M Mostafa, Andreas Lazar, Roopal B Thakkar
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of adalimumab in inducing and maintaining remission in children with moderately to severely active Crohn's disease was shown in the IMAgINE 1 trial (NCT00409682). As per protocol, nonresponders or patients experiencing flare(s) on every other week (EOW) maintenance dosing could escalate to weekly dosing; we aimed to determine the therapeutic benefits of weekly dose escalation in this subpopulation. METHODS: Week 52 remission and response rates were assessed in patients who escalated to weekly dosing from their previous EOW schedule, which was according to randomized treatment dose (higher dose [HD] adalimumab [≥40 kg, 40 mg EOW; <40 kg, 20 mg EOW] or lower dose [LD; ≥40 kg, 20 mg EOW; <40 kg, 10 mg EOW])...
April 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
E J de Groof, S Sahami, C Lucas, C Y Ponsioen, W A Bemelman, C J Buskens
AIM: The introduction of anti-tumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF; infliximab and adalimumab) has changed the management of Crohn's perianal fistula from almost exclusively surgical treatment to one with a much larger emphasis on medical therapy. The aim of this systematic review was to provide an overview of the success rates of setons and anti-TNF for Crohn's perianal fistula. METHOD: Studies evaluating the effect of setons and anti-TNF on Crohn's perianal fistula were included...
July 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Javier Blasco Alonso, Francisco Girón Fernández-Crehuet, Miguel A Lendínez Ramírez, Sivia Gallego Gutiérrez, Silvia Luque Pérez, Juliana Serrano Nieto, Víctor M Navas López, Carlos Sierra Salinas
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Metastatic Crohn's disease (MCD) is an extraintestinal manifestation of Crohn's disease, with biopsy as fundamental diagnostic tool. There are few references to MCD in children, with a 0.5-1% estimated incidence in adults. There is no consensus about its therapeutic approach. We describe our diagnostic and therapeutic experience in MCD. RESULTS: Four cases of MCD are described in our Pediatric Gastroenterology Unit in a tertiary care hospital...
September 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Casey Bishop, Hayley Simon, David Suskind, Dale Lee, Ghassan Wahbeh
OBJECTIVES: We describe the use of ustekinumab for 4 patients with pediatric Crohn disease treated at the Seattle Children's Hospital Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was done to identify patients' clinical data, disease phenotype, treatment history, and laboratory and growth parameters before treatment with ustekinumab and at last follow-up. Adverse events while on ustekinumab were also recorded. RESULTS: Four adolescent patients with Crohn disease at our center received ustekinumab...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Andrea Taddio, Marco Cattalini, Gabriele Simonini, Rolando Cimaz
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) encompasses a group of diseases of unknown etiology having in common arthritis in at least 1 joint that persists for 6 weeks and begins before 16 years of age, with other conditions excluded. With a prevalence of 1 per 1,000 children in the USA, JIA is the most common pediatric rheumatic illness and a major cause of acquired childhood disability. During the last 20 years, the advent of host immune response modifiers known as biologic agents, in particular the anti-TNFα agents (etanercept, infliximab, adalimumab), which directly inhibit the action of pro-inflammatory mediators, has revolutionized the treatment and the expected outcome of JIA...
June 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
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