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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777373/safety-and-feasibility-of-pulmonary-artery-pressure-guided-heart-failure-therapy-rationale-and-design-of-the-prospective-cardiomems-monitoring-study-for-heart-failure-mems-hf
#1
Christiane E Angermann, Birgit Assmus, Stefan D Anker, Johannes Brachmann, Georg Ertl, Friedrich Köhler, Stephan Rosenkranz, Carsten Tschöpe, Philip B Adamson, Michael Böhm
BACKGROUND: Wireless monitoring of pulmonary artery (PA) pressures with the CardioMEMS HF™ system is indicated in patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III heart failure (HF). Randomized and observational trials have shown a reduction in HF-related hospitalizations and improved quality of life in patients using this device in the United States. OBJECTIVE: MEMS-HF is a prospective, non-randomized, open-label, multicenter study to characterize safety and feasibility of using remote PA pressure monitoring in a real-world setting in Germany, The Netherlands and Ireland...
May 19, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777286/-fitness-to-drive-with-cardiovascular-diseases-current-guidelines-of-the-german-federal-highway-research-institute
#2
W Jung, B Hajredini, V Zvereva
The general rules for participation in road traffic are specified in the German Driving License Regulations (FeV). The assessment of fitness to drive motor vehicles is, in addition to Annex 4 of the FeV, governed by the guidelines of the German Federal Highway Research Institute, which implements the requirements of the European Union in Germany. By anchoring the assessment guidelines on fitness to drive in the FeV (Annex 4) and the publication in the Traffic Journal, the guidelines have a normative character...
May 17, 2018: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776959/symptom-burden-of-atrial-fibrillation-and-its-relation-to-interventions-and-outcome-in-europe
#3
Renate B Schnabel, Ladislav Pecen, Nargiz Rzayeva, Markus Lucerna, Yanish Purmah, Francisco M Ojeda, Raffaele De Caterina, Paulus Kirchhof
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association of atrial fibrillation symptom burden with quality of life and outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the Prevention of Thromboembolic Events-European Registry in Atrial Fibrillation (n=6196 patients with atrial fibrillation; mean±SD age, 71.8±10.4 years; 39.7% women), we assessed European Heart Rhythm Association score symptoms and calculated correlations with the standardized health status questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L)...
May 18, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775774/hospital-admissions-2000-2014-a-retrospective-analysis-of-288-096-events-in-patients-with-dementia
#4
Catarina Bernardes, João Massano, Alberto Freitas
INTRODUCTION: Dementia is a leading cause of disability worldwide. It is associated with an increased risk of hospitalization, imposing a significant burden on healthcare systems. The evidence on the long-term evolution of this issue and broadly on healthcare systems is currently limited. This study aims to describe the hospitalizations of people who received a diagnosis of dementia admitted to public general hospitals in a western European country with universal health coverage, over more than a decade...
May 8, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774547/petunia-as-model-for-elucidating-adventitious-root-formation-and-mycorrhizal-symbiosis-at-the-nexus-of-physiology-genetics-microbiology-and-horticulture
#5
Uwe Druege, Philipp Franken
Adventitious root formation in cuttings and establishment of arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis reflect the enormous plasticity of plants and are key factors in the efficient and sustainable clonal propagation and production of ornamental crops. Based on the high importance of Petunia hybrida for the European and US annual bedding plant markets and its suitability as a model for basic plant sciences, petunia has been established as an experimental system for elucidating the molecular and physiological processes underlying adventitious root formation and mycorrhizal symbiosis...
May 17, 2018: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767706/associations-between-vigorous-physical-activity-and-chronic-diseases-in-older-adults-a-study-in-13-european-countries
#6
Adilson Marques, Miguel Peralta, Hugo Sarmento, João Martins, Miguel González Valeiro
Background: This study aimed to assess cross-sectional and prospective relationships between vigorous physical activity (VPA) and the risk of major chronic diseases among European older adults. Methods: Participants were 37 524 older adults who responded to the fourth (in 2011) and fifth (in 2013) wave of the SHARE project, from 13 European countries. Participants answered interview questions about the presence of chronic conditions and VPA. The cross-sectional and prospective association between PA and the number of chronic diseases was assessed using logistic regression models...
May 14, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766216/impact-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-or-receptor-blockers-on-post-icu-discharge-outcome-in-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury
#7
Etienne Gayat, Alexa Hollinger, Alain Cariou, Nicolas Deye, Antoine Vieillard-Baron, Samir Jaber, Benjamin G Chousterman, Qin Lu, Pierre François Laterre, Xavier Monnet, Michael Darmon, Marc Leone, Bertrand Guidet, Romain Sonneville, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Marie-Céline Fournier, Matthieu Resche-Rigon, Alexandre Mebazaa, Matthieu Legrand
PURPOSE: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with the activation of the renin-angiotensin system. Whether angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) or angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARB) improve outcome in patients recovering from AKI remains unexplored. The purpose was to investigate the association between prescription of ACEi/ARB at intensive care unit (ICU) discharge and 1-year outcome in patients recovering from AKI. METHODS: Association between ACEi/ARB and 1-year mortality rate was explored in 1551 patients discharged from 21 European ICUs in an observational cohort...
May 15, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762702/christian-cabrol-md-a-tribute-to-pioneer-cardiac-surgeon-christian-cabrol-1-year-after-his-death-on-the-50th-anniversary-of-the-first-european-human-heart-transplantation-that-he-performed-in-1968
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762683/peri-procedural-routines-implantation-techniques-and-procedure-related-complications-in-patients-undergoing-implantation-of-subcutaneous-or-transvenous-automatic-cardioverter-defibrillators-results-of-the-european-snapshot-survey-on-s-icd-implantation-esss
#9
Radoslaw Lenarczyk, Serge Boveda, Kristina H Haugaa, Tatjana S Potpara, Pawel Syska, Ewa Jedrzejczyk-Patej, Michel Chauvin, Nicolas Sadoul, Nikolaos Dagres
The aim of this European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) prospective snapshot survey is to assess peri-procedural practices, implantation techniques, and short-term procedure-related complications associated with implantation of subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) or transvenous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (TV-ICD), across tertiary European electrophysiology centres. An internet-based electronic questionnaire concerning implantation settings, peri-procedural routines, techniques, personnel, complications, and patient outcomes was sent to the centres routinely implanting both TV-ICDs and S-ICDs...
May 11, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762337/real-life-indications-to-ivabradine-treatment-for-heart-rate-optimization-in-patients-with-chronic-systolic-heart-failure
#10
Lara Tondi, Gabriele Fragasso, Roberto Spoladore, Giuseppe Pinto, Marco Gemma, Massimo Slavich, Cosmo Godino, Anna Salerno, Claudia Montanaro, Alberto Margonato
: Ivabradine is a selective and specific inhibitor of If current. With its pure negative chronotropic action, it is recommended by European Society of Cardiology and American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines in symptomatic heart failure patients (NYHA ≥ 2) with ejection fraction 35% or less, sinus rhythm and heart rate (HR) at least 70 bpm, despite maximally titrated β-blocker therapy. Data supporting this indication mainly derive from the SHIFT study, in which ivabradine reduced the combined endpoint of mortality and hospitalization, despite the fact that only 26% of patients enrolled were on optimal β-blocker doses...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759801/-evaluation-of-the-prescription-of-furosemide-in-persons-aged-75years-and-older-in-a-geriatric-acute-care-unit
#11
M Buttard, A Putot, P d'Athis, L Pioro, S Asgassou, S Putot, M Deïdda, C Laborde, M Dipanda, R Mahmoudi, P Manckoundia
INTRODUCTION: Furosemide is very often prescribed in France. It may cause important adverse effects especially in elderly persons. In order to limit its misuse and excessive expenditure for health insurance organizations, the European Society of Cardiology drafted strict guidelines for its prescription. We conducted a study in this population to determine the rate of prescription of furosemide in elderly persons outside the guidelines. METHOD: This was a prospective, single-centre, observational study bearing on elderly persons aged 75years and more admitted to a geriatric acute-care unit over a period of 6months...
May 11, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759501/assessment-of-atrial-fibrillation-specific-symptoms-before-and-2-years-after-atrial-fibrillation-ablation-do-patients-and-physicians-differ-in-their-perception-of-symptom-relief
#12
Anna Björkenheim, Axel Brandes, Anders Magnuson, Alexander Chemnitz, Lena Svedberg, Nils Edvardsson, Dritan Poçi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate patient-reported and physician-assessed atrial fibrillation (AF)-related symptoms after AF ablation. BACKGROUND: Success of AF ablation is usually defined as freedom from AF, although symptom relief is often patients' desire. METHODS: Symptom relief was assessed as perceived by patients using the short, validated, AF-specific symptom questionnaire AF6 and as classified by physicians using the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) classification at baseline and 6, 12, and 24 months after AF ablation...
October 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754423/imaging-mass-spectrometry-for-characterization-of-atrial-fibrillation-subtypes
#13
Oliver Klein, Thorsten Hanke, Grit Nerbrich, Junfeng Yan, Benedikt Schubert, Patrick Giavalisco, Frank Noack, Herbert Thiele, Salah A Mohamed
PURPOSE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a cardiac arrhythmia characterized by a rapid and irregular heart rhythm. AF types, paroxysmal (PX), persistent (PE) and long-lasting persistent (LSP), requires differences in clinical management. Unfortunately, a significant proportion of AF patients are clinical misclassified. Therefore, our study aim that MALDI-Imaging (IMS) is valuable as a diagnostic aid in AF subtypes assessment. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patients were clinically classified according guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology...
May 13, 2018: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752194/sex-specific-relevance-of-diabetes-to-occlusive-vascular-and-other-mortality-a-collaborative-meta-analysis-of-individual-data-from-980-793-adults-from-68-prospective-studies
#14
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that diabetes confers a higher relative risk of vascular mortality among women than among men, but whether this increased relative risk in women exists across age groups and within defined levels of other risk factors is uncertain. We aimed to determine whether differences in established risk factors, such as blood pressure, BMI, smoking, and cholesterol, explain the higher relative risks of vascular mortality among women than among men. METHODS: In our meta-analysis, we obtained individual participant-level data from studies included in the Prospective Studies Collaboration and the Asia Pacific Cohort Studies Collaboration that had obtained baseline information on age, sex, diabetes, total cholesterol, blood pressure, tobacco use, height, and weight...
May 8, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751802/associations-of-coronary-artery-calcified-plaque-density-with-mortality-in-type-2-diabetes-the-diabetes-heart-study
#15
Laura M Raffield, Amanda J Cox, Michael H Criqui, Fang-Chi Hsu, James G Terry, Jianzhao Xu, Barry I Freedman, J Jeffrey Carr, Donald W Bowden
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcified plaque (CAC) is strongly predictive of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and mortality, both in general populations and individuals with type 2 diabetes at high risk for CVD. CAC is typically reported as an Agatston score, which is weighted for increased plaque density. However, the role of CAC density in CVD risk prediction, independently and with CAC volume, remains unclear. METHODS: We examined the role of CAC density in individuals with type 2 diabetes from the family-based Diabetes Heart Study and the African American-Diabetes Heart Study...
May 11, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750141/a-stepwise-composite-echocardiographic-score-predicts-severe-pulmonary-hypertension-in-patients-with-interstitial-lung-disease
#16
Simon Bax, Charlene Bredy, Aleksander Kempny, Konstantinos Dimopoulos, Anand Devaraj, Simon Walsh, Joseph Jacob, Arjun Nair, Maria Kokosi, Gregory Keir, Vasileios Kouranos, Peter M George, Colm McCabe, Michael Wilde, Athol Wells, Wei Li, Stephen John Wort, Laura C Price
European Respiratory Society (ERS) guidelines recommend the assessment of patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) and severe pulmonary hypertension (PH), as defined by a mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) ≥35 mmHg at right heart catheterisation (RHC). We developed and validated a stepwise echocardiographic score to detect severe PH using the tricuspid regurgitant velocity and right atrial pressure (right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP)) and additional echocardiographic signs. Consecutive ILD patients with suspected PH underwent RHC between 2005 and 2015...
April 2018: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749291/antithrombotic-therapy-in-pediatric-ventricular-assist-devices-multicenter-survey-of-the-european-excor-pediatric-investigator-group
#17
Oliver Miera, Katharina L Schmitt, Hakan Akintuerk, Angele Boet, Robert Cesnjevar, Teresa Chila, Thilo Fleck, Ranny Goldwasser, Luis G Guereta, Beatrice Heineking, Juergen Hoerer, Alexander Horke, Tain Y Hsia, Michael Huebler, Andrzej Kansy, Ann Karimova, Bohdan Maruszewski, Constancio Medrano, Szymon Pawlak, Zdenka Reinhardt, Birgitta Romlin, Eugen Sandica, Florian Schmidt, René Schramm, Martin Schweiger, Joanna Śliwka, Brigitte Stiller, Josef Thul, Antonio Amodeo
OBJECTIVES: Mechanical circulatory support for pediatric heart failure patients with the Berlin Heart EXCOR ventricular assist system is the only approved and established bridging strategy for recovery or heart transplantation. In recent years, the burden of thromboembolic events has led to modifications of the recommended antithrombotic therapy. Therefore, we aimed to assess modifications of antithrombotic practice among the European EXCOR Pediatric Investigator Group members. METHODS: We sent a questionnaire assessing seven aspects of antithrombotic therapy to 18 European hospitals using the EXCOR device for children...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748316/common-and-rare-coding-genetic-variation-underlying-the-electrocardiographic-pr-interval
#18
Honghuang Lin, Jessica van Setten, Albert V Smith, Nathan A Bihlmeyer, Helen R Warren, Jennifer A Brody, Farid Radmanesh, Leanne Hall, Niels Grarup, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Thibaud Boutin, Niek Verweij, Henry J Lin, Ruifang Li-Gao, Marten E van den Berg, Jonathan Marten, Stefan Weiss, Bram P Prins, Jeffrey Haessler, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Hao Mei, Tamara B Harris, Lenore J Launer, Man Li, Alvaro Alonso, Elsayed Z Soliman, John M Connell, Paul L Huang, Lu-Chen Weng, Heather S Jameson, William Hucker, Alan Hanley, Nathan R Tucker, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Joshua C Bis, Kenneth M Rice, Colleen M Sitlani, Jan A Kors, Zhijun Xie, Chengping Wen, Jared W Magnani, Christopher P Nelson, Jørgen K Kanters, Moritz F Sinner, Konstantin Strauch, Annette Peters, Melanie Waldenberger, Thomas Meitinger, Jette Bork-Jensen, Oluf Pedersen, Allan Linneberg, Igor Rudan, Rudolf A de Boer, Peter van der Meer, Jie Yao, Xiuqing Guo, Kent D Taylor, Nona Sotoodehnia, Jerome I Rotter, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Stella Trompet, Fernando Rivadeneira, André Uitterlinden, Mark Eijgelsheim, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Blair H Smith, Henry Völzke, Stephan B Felix, Georg Homuth, Uwe Völker, Massimo Mangino, Timothy D Spector, Michiel L Bots, Marco Perez, Mika Kähönen, Olli T Raitakari, Vilmundur Gudnason, Dan E Arking, Patricia B Munroe, Bruce M Psaty, Cornelia M van Duijn, Emelia J Benjamin, Jonathan Rosand, Nilesh J Samani, Torben Hansen, Stefan Kääb, Ozren Polasek, Pim van der Harst, Susan R Heckbert, J Wouter Jukema, Bruno H Stricker, Caroline Hayward, Marcus Dörr, Yalda Jamshidi, Folkert W Asselbergs, Charles Kooperberg, Terho Lehtimäki, James G Wilson, Patrick T Ellinor, Steven A Lubitz, Aaron Isaacs
BACKGROUND: Electrical conduction from the cardiac sinoatrial node to the ventricles is critical for normal heart function. Genome-wide association studies have identified more than a dozen common genetic loci that are associated with PR interval. However, it is unclear whether rare and low-frequency variants also contribute to PR interval heritability. METHODS: We performed large-scale meta-analyses of the PR interval that included 83 367 participants of European ancestry and 9436 of African ancestry...
May 2018: Circulation. Genomic and precision medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740590/evaluation-of-71-coronary-artery-disease-risk-variants-in-a-multiethnic-cohort
#19
Wangjing Ke, Kristin A Rand, David V Conti, Veronica W Setiawan, Daniel O Stram, Lynne Wilkens, Loic Le Marchand, Themistocles L Assimes, Christopher A Haiman
Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most common cause of death worldwide. Previous studies have identified numerous common CHD susceptibility loci, with the vast majority identified in populations of European ancestry. How well these findings transfer to other racial/ethnic populations remains unclear. Methods and Results: We examined the generalizability of the associations with 71 known CHD loci in African American, Latino and Japanese men and women in the Multiethnic Cohort (6,035 cases and 11,251 controls)...
2018: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737513/development-and-validation-of-a-difficulty-score-to-predict-intraoperative-complications-during-laparoscopic-liver-resection
#20
M C Halls, G Berardi, F Cipriani, L Barkhatov, P Lainas, S Harris, M D'Hondt, F Rotellar, I Dagher, L Aldrighetti, R I Troisi, B Edwin, M Abu Hilal
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that patient, surgical, tumour and operative variables affect the complexity of laparoscopic liver resections. However, current difficulty scoring systems address only tumour factors. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a predictive model for the risk of intraoperative complications during laparoscopic liver resections. METHODS: The prospectively maintained databases of seven European tertiary referral liver centres were compiled...
May 8, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
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